11, 1 V .v'. s : ; W 'II llfll'F II till'
Onr re the plant of fair, delightful Prace, ,
UnwatpUby party i age to Ihre like Brithera." c
FRIDAY, JULY 11, 182S.
, . -
DeliTcrr before the Legislature of Mas
sacbusetts, June 4, 1823. . . ;
Gcntlrmrnof the Senate, and
Gentlemen of the Houte qf . ,-7 ,
Representatives: - . ;;. "
I congratulate you on tbe
rettim of th anniversary on the assem
Maee othe several tranches of overrr
irent, ?c on the blessings of health, peace
arTprrpritv,rwhich it has pleased (iod
rrntmne to us. Honored by. the uf-
fruires of our fellnw-citizens, and entering
cntne several, curies a"'?prii m us py
t i.i roncfUution. we should bear constants
Iv in mind, that to pre'sen-eand promote
,lm tr.terests' aind barPness of U.e erea
th recnle. ' ;s the sole object of
cur arpc'nnent, and the only legitimate
crd of all tood government: y
The charge of political sentiment,. e-vlnri-'d'
in Jhe elections of the present
fnriM a new era in the- history' of
fv.-r r.minnnw fthh: Bv the free, sui a-
tes of her enlightenrd and independent
citteafis, this ancient & respectable state
is reared to the con6denco of her sister
.tatef,and to ner just inruence in. uir
iational counc;ls has resumed her sta
tion as an efficient wtmbr of the confe
t'cracy, and has added strong guarantees
to its energy and permanency v v f
The.lrng continued opposition to the
federal government; but more especially
the measures pursued in this state during
the eventful and critical period -of1 the
Jate war the withholding from the gene
ral government the constitutional means
cf defence the paralizing influence ex
ercised over the means and agents of that
government, which occasioned double sa
crif.ces of life and treasure ; while -the
the citizens of other states were exerting
their utmost energies against a common
1 1 . i
enemy; wnen agnnanivarmy.auu navy
were covering themselves with glory,
tr.d retrieving and establishing, on an
imperishable basis, the national charac
ter, on tVe ocean t and on: the land. At
this portentous crisis, when nur liberties
ard independence were at hazard, an
' unhallowed spirit of party was permitted
to prevail over tbe vital interests of the
renntry an unauthorised combination
as formed, & meetings held in a neigh
hcrinR state, which, whatever may have
he en the professed object, had the Cef tain
effect ofencouraeing the enemy, of dis
coungirj;and impairing the means and
. resources of the country, and of alienat
irg the minds" of the citizens from that
rriy of Jrcvernent,, which, in the em
phatic language of W ashington, con
Mitotes us one people is the main pillar
in the ediFee of our rear inaepcnuence,
the support of our tranquility at home,
ccr peace abroad, of our. safety, of our
rrcsneritv, of that very liberty which we
50 highly prize.' These measures, and
this course,' had cast a reproach on the
jrncd name of the state, which is now
disavowed and removed. Massachusetts
is at length restored to the American fa
mily. Her character is redeemed in the
estimation cf the patriots of our country,
and cf every statesman in Europe. The
rising generation, who could have had
no agency in this disloyal 'course, appear
to have taken an honorable and an earn
est interest in its disavowal.', - ,
That thi9 is a just cause of joy and
eopgratul.ition, willlje admitted .by all
henesr, independent i minds, to whatever
pclitical party they may have been at-
tactied, by every one who takes an inte-
v m me Tepuiaimn oi nis native srate.
t.o appreciates the- virtue of his ances
tcrs, who traces in the Wstory of. our
glorious revolution the. dear , bought fame
of their descendants, and who values the
precious legacy . which they hspre, trans-
mntea to posterity. ; .
Jhte review of the past is not intended
io renew con'entions, or to rekindle am
mrsities.- which havr toft lon dLstnrhd
the public mind, still less to revive a sp'H
cred bylhe circumstances of the coun
try, and by the very liberal spirit which"
appears to pervade, the community"; but
that fl Cm the raRf. ncpfiiT Icrn mi' he
cenved to direct the future ; that we may
oei induced to cultivate a snirit of con
cern, io cherish a love of countty, to look
ff the confederacy as the ark" of "our poli
tcal safety, , to extend to the , general go
vernment a proper confidence, to main
win the constitutional powers and rights
cf the state governments in their full ex
tent, "to frame and administer the laws
ith a single eye to the public good, and
to render equal justice to all men. ;
The eyes of enlightened statesmen in
Jery quarter of the globe are ; directed
to observe the progress of civil liberty in
is country-Our education and habits.
Inquired In our priniary schools; where
:Je children of all have equal access to
jne means of knowledge and inform a-,
and in which the moral force of the
nole communityJs brought 'forth; furnish
fenitni Q be physical Jrentth jlerived
wtk the labor of;the husbandman; the
chanic, the roariuer, and the:mana-'
wcturer, and hold together the humble,
e middling- and ,thtr rkh, in oqe indis
IMe bond of , mutual interest. This
"r-itone of our political' arch, laid by
utiaoic ancestors,- sustauiea thtmj
GOVERNOR EUSTISs SPEECH
m all th:r rf-flcts, carried ns triumph-
antiy.throngo the revolutionary ;war,.o
cam; a sunstitnte lor means ann 'resour
ce depmed 'i irdispensabJe by other nati
ons, &; remains to us 9 column f strength
unknown n ncient or modern times.
Thebill of rights which makes a part
of our; constitution; declapr s, that -
4 A'freguent recuren:e to ihe- funda
mental prmdiples of the constitution, and
a ronstant, arinprence to those f pety.
justice, moderation, temperance, industry
and frugality, are absolutely necessary to
preserve the advantages of liberty, and to
maintain a free government."
:The same instrument provides, -that'
uWdom and knowlp'irp-as ell as
virtue, diffused generally among the body
of the people, being necessarv for the pre
j serration of their rights and liberties, and
a thtsf drpef d on spreading the oppor
tunities and advantages of education in the
various parts of the country, and among
the different orders cf the people, it shall
j he the duty of the legislatures and magis
rates, in allfuture periods of thiscommon
wealth, to cherish the interests of litera
ture and the sciences, and all seminaries
j of them, especially the University at Cam-
: or og public scnoo's, and. grammar
schools in the tnwns; to encourage pri
vate societies and public institutions, bv
r immunities, for the promotion of agricul
ture, arts, sciences, commerce, trades,
manufactures, and a natural history of
J the country; to countenance and inculcate
the principles of humanity and general
benevolence, public and private charity;
industry and frugality, honesty and punc-
tuallitv in their dealings, sincerity, good
l)iimor, and all social and generous affec
tions among the people. :
By recurring to these principles which in
thfeir nature&. origin are democratic, which
form the"basisand true conservative priw
vr of all r constitutions," both state and
federal, observing the injunctions, Scher-ishine-
the liberal and eenerous sentiments
here inculcated, the several branches of
government will, with tfye blessing of hea-
en on their endeavors, fill their respecr
tive circles of f,ut.v satisfactorily 'to them
selves and accePtaly to their copstituents.
The example of wisdom and moderation
exiblted by the distinguished citizen; who
has retired to the walks of rrrlvaie life af
ter having filled the cbair of state for the
last even vears, in a manner which has
added lustre to his. revolutionary fame,
fails with peculiar force on hisimmi diate
uccessor.' v .
On a first accession to the government,
and In a session which convenience and
custom ha ve rendered short, it will nor be
exPeced thah many subjects will he pro
pn$ed or acted upon. The multiplication
or alteration rf the laws should be avoid
ed as far as public; convenience wiU ad-
Mt, 1 1 1 mm
jiiMancrs win, nowcici,'uw.u.i, iw
quirin? the interposition of the legislatu.e.
of which they will judge. ; .
The militia, the great.bulwark ofT our
defence, dese ing at all tiroes attention
and support, i at this period, entitled to
peculiar consideration, Experience has
taught us, that in wars between European
nations, the maritime rights nf this coun
try are disregarded, and we have been
compelled to support them by force.
From Tesent appearances, there is great
reason to'ap'prehend the same course and
the same consequences to be prepared
for them is a dictateof sound policy The
national government' will provide the
means of protection on'the ocean ; and is
makme. annually, valuable additions to
oitr stock of military knowledge, by a well
regulated academy; and it remains with
the states to cultivate and improve their
militia. It may be affirmed, without fear
oi conxraaiciion;inai inc poputaiion oi ine
lTnited States, from the first j settlement
of the countnr to the present day; hasne-
' rr. ' j . ? . I ' , fi?
ver auorceci nve uiousana nanvc citizens.
wno wiii Toiuniaruy enusi m ine regular
service, in .timeof peace, unless there. is a
well fnuuded "expectation :of immediate
hostilities: . This circumstance sojllustra-
tive of the abundant means of rewarding
latjor and of - raising our youth to higher
destinies, admonishes us of the necessity of
cherishing a spirit of discipline among
the great body of the people, and proves
at .the same time, that the militia, is, at
least in the first instance, our righti our
cniy enicienc arm.OLaetence. . x '
jlTiejstate of the treasury will necessa
rily command attention. When 'it shall
be iascertained, the legislature will be ena
bled to determine whether, any reduction
in the expenditures is required. ' : 1
An adjustment pfthe claim of this "comr
mon wealth'on the government of the- Uni
ted States,, far services rendered her du
ring the Jate war. must be of great impor
tance Vq the finances.lWhen it shall have
been examined, a statement wU be made
in order; the; legislature, may jutice of the
expediency of any further proceedings on
.In all measures for the promotion of the
common interests I shall at all times be
happy toxo-ope'rate.-,; Z'c. ;:y--:...
; V -V - VIEW OF SPAIN.
From the. London Morning. Chronicle' of
The French already begin to find that
ine conquest ot the feninsula, with I00;-
men, although commanded by a de
cendnt of Henry IV and a protege o
the God of St. Louis, is not so easy a mat
er as they t first imagined, notwith
standing also the aid of a Royal Regency
armies of : the Faith, and the prayers o
all the bigots and "fanatics, bothFrench
nnd Spanish, whom the Pavillion Marsan
have been able to enbst into their service,
The fact is, the French and their friends
have been over sanguine; and nave. total
y mistaken the feelings of the 'Spanish
population at large; neither have the
distances and natural difficulties of the
country been taken S into proper account
On entering Spain, the French behaved
not onlv with the most studied politehess
to the inhabitants, but also, withv rigid jus
tice, affecting the greatest scrupulosity in
paying for every thinr they received, in
order to establish; if they could the cha
racter, of friends, instead of foes.. The
experiment, however, has not succeeded.
Wherever the French overawe, the in
habitants receive them with a sullen
gloom, and every compulsive demonstra
tion of ; resignation is accompanied ; by
mental reservation. The vonng and aged
are alone left I to strew flowers under
the feet of the; French Generalise mo.
tne ablfe-bodied men have either fled to
the mountains, or joined their comrades
in arms, to he ready to act when the sig
nal is given. Even in the very ranks of
the Faith are men pledged to the cause
of their country,' who watch the move
ment of the French, communicate with
the Constitutionalists, and will join them
the.moment the Invaders meet with a re
verse, or the Treasury from which they
are now paid is exhausted. The Spanish
government formed a peculiar, policy, " s
soon as thev found the French were in
earnest, suited to the nature of their coun
try, and tfie strength of the invader. On
this they are now acting, and the people
by the greatest sacrifices, second their
exertions. A brief elucidation of this po
licy, the soundness of which is already
seen, we shall now attempt. '
ThesSpaniards were early aware that
the object of the French would be to push
for the capital. In order to establish the '
Regency there, trusting that the moral
effect of this measure would be great,
without reflecting that . Madrid besides
being an extremely dangerous position.
is nothinsr .more than a common town of
Spain,hen the government and princi
pal inhabitants have left it, all which has
been done. It was the wish of the Spa
niards that the attempt should be made,
and fr a moment we will suppose the
French leavejRayonne with 60,000 effec
tive men. Independent of s'ck and con
tingencies, let us see how they would stand
when thev got to Madrid. To keep 'heir
cwimunications open with France along
a line of 400 miles, they must necessarily
leave 8000 men. at least, in Irun 6000
before St. Sebastian, 6000 before Pampe-
J lona ; from Irun to and in Tolosa, 3000 ;
J from the latter, tond i. Vifforia, 3000;
Logonp 1000 ; from Vittrv ia to and in Mi
randa, and thence to Burgos, '2000 ; in
j Burgos, 2000 ; i in Valencia, 1000 ; Valia
jdolld, 1000 ; Aranda,- .Samosierra,'.:Buy
i trago,i'-and all the mountainous country.
trom Burgos to Madrid, a distance of42j
Any military man; who has surveyed
the road alluded to. feill; readily aerree
that tfie number of men , we. have allotted
for each place is extrenjel'v small, more.
particularly when we recollect that St.
Sebastians is defended by 3000 picked
men commanded by Brigadier Porras, a
real old Spaniard ; that Tolosa; besides
being a capital, has the Guerilla Chief
called the Pastor, With 8000 men in its
neighbofhoo'd, ranging about as far as Al
vava, and the man whom of all others t! e
Duke d'Angouleme most fears ; then Vit-
toria, bes'des being a capital, is the pen-1
tre ot severaij roads, and must-nave a
good garrison ; -and that Pampeluna is
defended by 4600 Spaniards. 'Tudela and
Salamanca are still on the flank, and no
provision iyet made for t them. The de
files of Samosierra might moreover easi
ly be defended,- as well as the Gaudara
? -r. -
t We have, however, brought the French
to Madrid, with an army of .28,000 men.
8000 of whom, at least, must remain there
in head quarters, and to protect the Re
gency. They' have therefore only 20.000
left for ulterior operations," and Abisbal
on their flank with 15 000, and the Por
tuguese from Almeida besides, I with at
least 10000 more. What then are the
French to do in Madrid ?' the" blace in
which they have amost . enemies; becausfef
there iht-y are best remembered. s BeI
sides a strong force they-would haveto
build a citadef, which would Cost immense
sums, to defend themselves" from a coufi
de mam. and the guerrillas which w6uld
torm in the mountainous country; round
the , capital. iBy - the inhabitants the
would be betrayed at every movement!
To administer each town and province Qf
which they are able to take military pos
session,- they would, hare to organize new
governmehts, for, the local authorities of
e venp place as Ither advanced Joined the
Cbnstitutionar army , nearest . ta'them, 59
as to enable the General toact with more
promptitude. The - French and their
auxiliaries Wuld therefore have'rp femf
mC . -'m.mL-''m . r . .
1 would begin! frbmA the moment thejine
I was extended toVits furthest f extreme ;
( -ancl that the-y are.difpsed.to hght,.is yt-.
rv well nrovd both, at 5t. jseoastians ana
Logrono, in : each J of; which places the
rjencn lost iuch - , - .
The. possession of Madrid would there
fore weaken and embarrass the - French
much'more, thanf they' at first anticipated;
without i bein attended vwitfi anyone po
litical advantage, for,, the instant they
should sit down there, they would be cut
off from all communication with - the rest
of the Peninsula by the several corps 4
armee, which would close in around them,
exposed to all ' sorts of conJinpreRCies.-i
;VVben Bonaparte attacked the Pen'msu
la, he established a basis of operations by
taking possession of St. Sebastian and
Pampelona n the one side, and Figueras
and Barcelona on the other. He besides
advanced with at least 150,000 men, yet
he lost the battle of Bayleni and as com
pelled to retreat, in like ' manner as hfs
brother Joseph; after the battle of Sala
manca, who was obliged to go to Valen
cia in search of the second line, although
he had 15,000 men in Madrid. - -
difficulties the French already
besjin , to experience,; and they see , mat
their force is not adequate to tneir origi
nal object. The JPuke, thereiore, oer
mands 30,000 more, and it is yeta query
with us whether, with this additional
strength, he will venture to extend his
line to Madrid ;,; if he does, so . much the
easier work for the Snaniards. Spain
now possesses a large body) of excellent
and experienced officers, au advantage
she did not enjoy when in vaded by Napo
leon. These officers are the most enthu
siastic Constitutionalists, and they will be
able at any time to rouse and 1 wield Hhe
population, and the Guerrilla system Jias
this advantage, that it i& organized with
little or no expense. ' The defence of
Spain has hitherto been passive ; but
when the energies of the country .are
called forth, the French in all probabili
ty, will be obliged to confine themselves
to the line of the Ebro, even if they add
50 000 men more to their present strength;
for they would very naturally -anticipate
the . had
selves in Madrid with their Kesrency. and
having to quit it a fortnight afterwards. V
RISE OF TICKETS IN THE
GRJIWD STATE LOTTERY
' liie Great Capital Prizes of .
. 20,000 Dollars,
td,000 Dolls lOyOOO Dolls,
5.000 Dollar C
' 5.000 Dollars, '
, 17 of 1 000 Dollars, . -
. ' x'. &c. &c. &c.
! Being still Undrawn.- J-
Coubx's brrici:, 114, Market St.i
"f Baltimore. June lti . S .
. (Cj. Timely notice is hereby given that the !
i- rr, Jl i , M.V.'.'imn 1 : -w a, . . t
price or i icseis in me irana state i-ouery
win oe aavancea to titri jscn UOL.JL A ks
on Thursday the 10th pf July until which
time the rate Will continue, yiz ; j .
Whole Tickets. . $12, J Quartern m - 3 004
To be had, warranted undrawn, at t
Lottery and Exchange Office,! tl,' f ' , i
V Market-Street; Bamtmobi. ,
,n - ". " - ' V . 1
L -Where the. great Capital Prizes in
Both iht last Lotteries ivere sold- to
Capital Prizes have been Sold than nt
a htf other Office in America. J 1?
Orders from any part of the United States 1
oy mau (post paiaj or py private conveyance,
enclosing the Cash .or Prizes in any. of. the
Baltimore Lotteries,. will meet -the . same
promptf and punctual attention, as if on per-'
sonai application, aaaressea to - , .
; J. I. COHEN,'Jfc Baltimore:
OC Cohew's Lottery Gazette & Jteintter'
which is published every week,rwill contain
the Official t Lists of each f Drawiftgofithe
Grand State and Mvnumttit lotteries, and
will'be forwarded gratis, io all who purchase
who wish to reteive the Register will meti-
tion it whetfthey send on their Orders, s.
J. I. COHEN, Jr.'
STATE OF NORTHS AROLINA,
Court ril Pleas Sand Quarter &ssi6nsV2d
'C Monday ei Jujie, 1823 .;
- Wnu M. Clark,
-TT apbelringto the uW that Ebe
X nezer Lobdale: resides ithoat the li
mits ot th& btatev; publication is ordered
in' tjic Raleigh Register, for three months,
thatfnless the said EbenezeKaDDear in
said Court, ou, the second Monday of Sep
tember net replevy andS plead to issue;
timifinaJgtnene wjlf lje.eteW on the
tTJl H. READER, informs his i customert ';
, V ; and the publjlc,. tbit- he-h'ai no wom 7;
hand ah assortment of STILLS f jrarioirs j
sizesy He continueio"mak, them j ftn&'V,'
will be enabled t furnish r them, of any4Vf '
!mensiohsat the r shortest noticed ''Tri K
j ;He requests those baying Stills NrttichK'j,
nay eed repairs, to favor hliwUfithcir..VA
unable; to attend to them ' ' sorwell - wheri
n for using them is at hand,and -0 .- ' ,
he is crowded
1 - S the materials . for thjis w9fk are ,i)oui
ranged, Ijvishbefoxeommfltinff ito' the)
rm nrariv r.n pf tKi. anti wiiii- snon ne ar-.
poess, to ascertain ine numoer oxi copies suo
iscribed foiv JTpr obvjpuS reasons, I have re
Solved, that the numbej; of copies' to be'ptin-- ,
ted.) shall not Rreatly iexceed the numbef T
previously engaged.,, '. Postmasters and .otheif 5
persons noiaiiig suosicnpuon paper zur lutj ,,:,
work, will therefore oblige me, br comma-' (
nicating to me; though the medium of. the . ; v-.
Wil, as speedily-as they- conveniently can; 4
the numbef of subscribers they have obtain- .' i
ed. . COLIN M'lVfiREts : -
v Ni B. Editors of Newspapers, .friendly . to
iflie propaffatiorfpf , evangelical, truth; will I
promote the cause, of literature and relipoiv
liDyeivinE: mis request an insertion in tueir
.," STATE OF NOaVH-CAROLNX: ;
Vr. Surrv County ,.,
V ' Superior.Court of Law,' 7.
, March tt;rm; i823. ' ' .
Hannah Bai."l - ' - .'? SI "Ni
vs. i-'- y Petition for divorce; 1 f
Isaac Bass. ; J.'- i--' ;;':-v'...; ',-
IT appearing to the satisfaction ' of .the
" Courti that the defendanUn this case
resides without the limits of the State r it V
is therefore ordered by the Court,' that
publication be made in t the Star ahd.i ''Ray r
leigh Register for three months, that "the -
defendant appefar at the' next vSurior1
Court ot Law to be held tor tne county ot ;
Surry, at - the! Couhhouser .y Rockfprd; f
on the first Monday in: Sepiember next v
then and there to blead to said eiitiori. .
otherwise the petition will be heard ex
partej and declrcei accordingly u.-v-'-'.'rv'
" i .Test. JOs WILLIAMS, Jr. S-C."
Atiril U. w'- vSd'5m:r' v-
State F. N pRTit Carolina. 0 .
- c- . 4 ; purry County r. j-ly:
't honias & Wife, ' Petition to reprove the .
John Morelandi, Sdeceasedi:t,U" . :, -y
J AME9 v MOREL ANPr'?isaac Morelahd;;
Thomas Hollinxan and). Nancy .his wifei ;
, Veorge s w eat : and ; Betsy. ht$ - wife, J acob :
t J&outhel and Polly his wife. Francis Moreland
Thomas, Nancy and ; Jose p H Morel and, ! chil- V ; V.'i
I dren and heirs of Joseph' MorelandY:--- ' .'I
1 -LIU r.l.l i..f J . '..,: ;T , ..:-;,. '
viiuutcii ui juuji Aiorciana ; 1 . : cuiuiren
andiiefrs of Jalaes Mofeland; f '"y 'VfchH
dren of Tliomas IlolKman and i Nancy ?his
tife ; , ' . children And heirs, of GeorVo
owcamuu ci uis wuc ' . ' Ciiuareni. -f
and heirs of Jacnti n-iilthfl. 'jtnH Jn-nna an .v. .
S children and heirs of Francis More-
land, and Oilea Hedspeth.
IT appearingto the satisfaetion of the Court
that John Morelarid and his heirs at law.
J ames Morelarid and" Wa childre n and ; . hcjrat '
at law, .Thomas Hollimkn and his 'childrofi
and -hm;atL'layx':Gebr-SW'eat and BetsV '
and hift children and heirs "at la w; are inhabi
tants of another State ; it is Ordered bv. the? ;
j C,ourt, thit publication be rqade fornix week -
Guardians ap pevjat our next Court! of Pleas
ahd Quarter Sessions tir bft!':heW fnr t-ftt- '
Cou'nty of Surry.at the Court-House in Rockif v 'j "
foro on: the rseconaV Monday; in August next-J '.i
said Vin.:Morelands 'will; otherwise the tte-c
uiiuir wiu uic uucn pnj , coujesso ., against
f .TesU JO. TTILLIAMS, CJ C.,
38pr- adr! g4 50
STATE F ORTHftOtUrA?
Superior Court of : Liw April Term,'
nmyvs. -.f.Peuuoti fpr divorce.f, :
WilRam WeaveK'J nVCy.;--.
11 appearing 10 tue tattstaction ot the ; -Curt,-
that the defendapt is riot an u" -k :
habitant of this State ; iv is therefore or- '". : v,
dered,' that publication lye made for three :
months in the Register printed in Raleigh,
that the defendant appear jat the. next ba-. : i
periorour f La ;to be 'beld for the' .
Salisbury, on Jthe .seconds Mondav after :
the -tth Monday fnlSeptembf1riextixhea:
nuu mcic4u iicaa( uirawer or.uemur,: or ,
the petition will be tieard ex
O.'Si; C fv
LA6ttER$ ; W tBtl
Hapdsr black fr whfte toTsach as are'
able bodied, I Itgiyc.ten dollaa month v
on; application ; at the - Work at:Lock-V c
hJr fFas,:. Neuse River ; t6r to Robert
H , Wynne, of -Raleigh;; whoVill tiigige
and :direct thettS' to me.
Ma y dT.
aircauy oegin io nna tnar auxiliaries wouw theretore have plentyu ahbvc anachment ? i? J 1 f v. J r -1 i - JT- if- W tZ - v.
' - " ' ymyy-:'r '-f-:5