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' ' ' .., ''.'V. . -i Ours are plant of fair, deliRhtfntFecet ' . ' i 'y .. r --. !.
' j ,v .r " , 1 : . - . ' tJnwarp'd party tge lWe Iik Brothr." . . -: .-y : - '" ' - ' :. - . ' -. i' -' : ' ;--: . . ; . ; - f;, i
' : "" ' " ' " U nrn.' x..:' . ill j ul,v " t.vTe v v it Th a iWrnntnriril I mer Avere intended ta represent the landed I Vl ' t .rttrl ' -frrt : AtVVft'l" ;;'f. V; - l ! I
Is publisnea every lTiaay, dj
JOSEVH GALES & SON,
it Three Dollars per annuin or One Dollar
and a Half for half a year to. be paid in
advance. . - - - , . . .f
Vot eTceedlng, l6 lines, neatly inserted three
fnr a Dollar, and 25 cents for every suc-
reci:n- publication ? thosc'of greater length
1 tlicsame proportion.. v.Coxxui?icxtioss
tfiaakfully received..,XxTTR9 to the Editors
oust be post-paia. . . . ,
Our readers are this week presented
ivith the first number of our semi-weeli-iv
paper, and as it i the first attempt
L vtpnd a Journal in this State to
jaorc than once a week, ,we can on
.au'nir success to it froiri tbe apparen
fnr such" a nublication. A
tcvtd" r ; - g
free press has been in all countnee,
ronsidcred as the palladium of National
Liberty. In all despotic governments,
political discussions in a periodical
form, are prohibited. To dilate upon
the useful and important effects of
"Newspapers conducted with fairness
and moderation, i uanecessarY ; for
there are but few men in our widely
extended country, who have not reaped
benefit, and acquired knowledge from
these periodical records ; of passing
If "it be true, as a celebrated writer
iays, that men generally, are compell-lJ
1 to siifrft, I not deliberately take a
knowledge of the world as it goes, then
- are these folios of four pages" doubly
valuable, as they furnish a cheap and
jsunBi3rv mode of obtaininj: information
f all dmcstic and foreijjn transactions.
Tho: v is no medium of circulating know
!e ! , opinion, or information so rapid
ly a'fid so e(fectually as through the
Pre. The voice of the State Legis
hiturcs and of Congress is beard by the
people, through these organs of commu-
aication. It has. been invidiously re
marked, that - public wen would say
less. were there' no. vehicles to convey
. iheir obsenations to the people. Beit
so it is at the same time,' a proof that
they are honest towards their constita
nts, since thej seek not to disguise
their sentiments from them.
. Believing as we do, that the liberty
s ml prosperity of our country are con-
ccted with free enquiry, 'liberal dis
cussion and a" general dissemination of
whatever elates politically to the Gov
rrament and the Constitution, we cah
R'it but believe that the increasinc taste
fr periodical works and their conse
jnent multiplication, arc favorable to
Jlie pcrpctuaficn of the principles of
..freedom. . i ' ?. . ; ;
. The Legislature of this State convcu
in this city yesterday ; and a large
'rajoriiy of the nicmbei-s being present
"oi h 1 Ioues were organized. Bartlett
Van cry, Ksq. was elected Speaker of
1:e Senate, and Al f ied " Moore, Esq.
fyiNiker of the House of ; Commons,
vi.e former without opposition ; the lat
by 1 1 votes over Mr. Strange. The
fotes were 65 and.54. Theold Clerks
JP'l Doorkeepers were appqinted.. '
The Convention jirId iii this city last
"reek for the purpose of 'agreeing upon
""uch amendments- as they deemed he
usaary to the Constitution of the State,
bought their business to a close in. the
tfternoon of Saturday after which they
partook of a public limner provided by
r. Goneke', to which they were invit
1 by the citizcnS ' Col.Polk,' assisted
Col. J. Hawkins, PeterrBrnnevand
m. Bovlan,: Esn rs. ; presided. ; A
TUESDAY, NOV 18, 1823.
- dumber of patriotic Hoist's " were givt. j State,; over Mr.' Talbot, the 'CWrfccah
d the meeting was ; entertained by ! didateV by a majority of 4 votes ; and
gs from; the company and : music j that cut of the 166 -members, of bo tli
from Mr. Gonekej-) that the evening' Houses offc ic Legiature, iitvf jy votes
as spent with" creit" convivialitv and could jidfnrbG obtained in nnnnsitinn
tettoi . : 7- . Jto.r wVoRafbctlio'P
The Constitution, as proposed by the
Convention to be amended, appears in
to-dayys paper, and also a continuation
of the proceedings of the Convention :
The remainder will be given in succeed
ing papers. ! :
' The principal amendments proposed,
it will be seen, .relate to Representa
tion," which in the most popular branch
is fixed at one Representative for every
I I - ,r , ' " f"! . I . , . V i I-.' i- interest ot tiie State; b.ut the Jattermc peo- v : , r;- - r - ' V f
'A Convention to be amended, appears m contest m tbis State, which has just ter- le atwuh(lhe Wa for keeping up .ihat . Mv P1 ir'T . vi llli
1 I I Ilt 1 ,IIII.I I! Ill :i IIIIIIH IM llli: I KnJ& Mv s w " I . I ' . . i T . . .1- I - Jr M. L w' . ..9 I ' . I ,1 . ,. J J i I I
4000 of federal numbers, and in the Se
nate at 10,000, when the next census
shall be taken 5 in the mean time a tem
porary provision is made. None bu
free white men are allowed to vote. ; It
is proposed that the sessions of the Le
gislature shall be biennial, instead 0
annual, and the Council of State is a
bolished, placing the power of tempora
ry appointments to office in the Gover
nor, who is also to appoint Justices by
and with the a dvice of the Senate. The
city of Raleigh i fixed as the unaltera-
ble Seat of Government.
The present Constitution and the
Constitution as proposed to be amend
ed, are published in pamphlet form, and
mav be had at the Register office.
J In some of the first copies of these
pamphlets, the following omission was
made in the 4Sd section, after the word
itto in the 5th line " a convenien
number of districts for this purpose, and
when districts shall be composed o
more counties than one, they shall be
formed of counties contiguous to eacl
other and no alteration thereof shal
be made until after the next censusshal
liave been taken or an enumeration o
inhabitants under the authority of the
Legislature shall have intervened : And
until the taking of the census, or an e-
riumeration as aforesaid, the State shal
bb divided into," &c. j .
Yesterday being the day fixed by law
for the annual mectins: of the Board for
Internal Improvements in this State,
they convened accordingly : Present,
hi& Excellency the' Governor, as Presi
dent of the Board, D. Cameron, Mont
fort Stokes, Durant Hatch, Thomas
Turner and John D. Hawkins, Esqn
lne Canal Lonvention Dt Uelejrates
which ipet at Washington City on the
6th instant, adjourned onthc 8th, after
amending and adopting Mr. Mercer's
Report. The name' of. the propose
Company is changed from the ' Union
Canal," to that of " The Ohio end
We heard a few da
Steamboat, North-Carolina in coming
up between Fayette villtr and Wilming
ton, had run foul of a snag, and sunk,
with a valuable cargo of dry goods on
board ; but we have since bceu grati
lied to learn, that though the boat pdet
with the accident mentioned, she re
ceived but a ti ifling injury, which pro
bably fifty dollars will repair.
yriic Cape-Fear Recorder, printed at
Wilmington, has come but decidedly
on the Presidential Question. -The fol
lowing is an extract from the remarks
contained in the last Recorder on 'the
"We should hardlv suppose our readers
would expect to be presented with any otJ;cr
luime, from amone; tlic present A-iuulidates, or
indeed any other that inigbt ofier, taan that
If iliuitn II. Lixnvjbvd. The controversy
has not pussed by us Unobserved, and the me
rits of the candidates, as sustained bv the drf
fcrent papers we have had an opportunity qf
perusing, remain in our opinion the 'same.'
W e have, rrathered nothing trom the tLscus-
sloii that could prevail with us to alter an o-
puiion, long1 smce estabhshed, and founded on
serious enquiry and reflection. r.
"- ' i - . .'.-,,- mm'"' "
Georgia.- Hy -V letter from "a friend
iriMilledgeville,'.we learn that George
M; Troup is elected Goyemor of that
Pennsylvania. The gubernatorial
contest in this State, which has just ter
minated in favor of Mr. Shulze, by a
majority of about 25000 votes, may be
rcgardeoVas the ful l triumph of the Re
publican party, and of regular nomina
tions, j '
THURSDAY, ?;OY. 13.
fr. John A. Cameron, a
from Cumberland county,, appeared and
took his scat.
Mr. Yancey, from the Committee
appointed to report such amendments
to the-Constitution as may be thought
desirable, made a Report, which being
read, was ordered to be printed. A
copy of the Constitution as proposed to
'be amended, appears in the 4th page
ot this paper.
On motion, the meeting adiourned
: friday, nov. 14.
Mr. Sanders, from the committee
appointed to enquire into the most de-
siraoie plan 01 suomittmg tne proposea
amendments of the Constitution to the
People of the State, made a Report,
Which was read and ordered to lie on
the table. .
The proposed amendments to the Con
stitution being printed, the meeting took
.1' 01 1
tnem un tor consideration : when, on
of Mr. Fisher, the meeting: resolved
itself into a Committee of the whole
but two Gentlemen called upon for
the rjurDose, declining to take the
chair, Gen. Stokes continued to pre
side in Committee.
The Constitution, as proposed to be
amended was then taken up by sec
The only amendment proposed to the
first section, was, ! to change the style
of the popular branch of the Legislature
from House of Commons to House of
Mr. Yancey, the Chairman of the
committee, said the committee preferred.
the term of House of Representatives,
for obvious reasons. , No .objection' was
made to the change.
The 2d section proposing that the Se
nators shall be chosen by ballot, every
two years, in manner hereafter directed,
was passed without remark.
As was the 3d, except that it was pro
posed to change thewordltepresenta
tives, in the 2d line, to Members, but
the motion was not agreed to
There being no change proposed in
the 4th section but the word Represen
tatives, instead of Commons it passed
The 5th section prescribes the qua
lifications 01 members of the feenate.
They are to be 25 years old, and must
have resided in the district one year
Mr. Carson moved to .amend tills section
by adding, that he shall be a citizen of the U,
Stales, as he wished to prevent any person
from entering our councils who-, was attached
tjo tne interests of any other country
Mr. Settle said, as he perceived the commit
tee proposed that none but iiee white citi
zens should be permitted to vote for members
of the most popular branch of the Legisla
ture, lie hoped no colored man-would he ch
eible to a seat in either branch of the Gene
ml Assembly, lie therefore, proposed to
amend the amendment, by adding to the qua
Ufication, that he shall be a free white man.
Mr. Yanc&f said the committee had not
thought such a provision ue
the 7th section none but free white men, pos
sessed 01 a certain 'trochoid, arc permitted to
vote. He had, however, no objection1 to the
proposed amendments, y
Mr. Burton observed, that there was no ne
cessity for the amendment in relation to fo-
vjigners, tis a Senator is required to holdoOO
acres of land in fee, which no alien could
have. . r ' ' :' .
lioth amendments were agrded to.
lilr.'Mtmpiivi irioved further to amend the
5th section, by adding to the end of it, or real
estate in Jed o f the value o f dollars, ; 1
AY Inch peine' agreed to, Mr. ' Jr tlhamsm
proposed to fall the blank with" six hvm!reify
which he simposed was about the value of 300
acres of land at the time the present Consti
tution was adopted. He preferred this to u
larger surtv as lie did not wish to deprive ci
tizens of small estate from a seatUn the Se
nate. ' , ; . ...... -v-
Mr. fVffAerwas in favor of fiUln? the blank
?itha smaller sum. He did, riot consider
what was the value of land formerly, but What
is its present value ; and he believed, that
dollar an 'r acre would be a more correct esti
mate than two dollars, Vhen, ; said " he, we ,
are fixiugtwoquariiications we ought to make
the value as ncarlv qual as practicable ; .and
a man nossessed of ' 100 acres of land, worth
$oQ0t might be well quahfiedto seiv his
country in.the Senak as one poss
acres worth tlie same sum.f , We have already
saau xnat. a man ownmer ou acres ot lancu or.
and of the value of $50, shJl vote for a Sena-to
tor. He wished here to observe the same pro- parties eoTicerr.ed, that 1 shall proceed totakc
portion.-vi: .' 'ipy .v'V'.n. 'x rvlyXh$ amount on the first Monday in February
Mr. Phifer. observed, that the framers of
the present constitution made a marked dis-
tinction between members of the Senate and n
mer were intended to represent the landed
interest of the State ; but the latter the peo
ple at large,. and he was for keeping up .that
distinction. The inhabitants of our towns
who have no!and,may be as patriotic as others;
but he jconsidcred the liberties of the country
safest in the hands cf the landed interest.
Mr. Vuncey said, there was iio wish in any
one,, presumed, to' destroy'-the distinction
of Which the gerrtlemkn from Cabarrus spoke.
It was proposed merely to affix an average va
lue of 300 acres of land, and provide that a
member ot the Scnatcf should have that qtian
tity of land, or estate of equal value, which
will jemebate chiefly on persons living in town3
and he was in favor of filling the blank with
I . Mr. f Ifsher was wil ling to fill the blank with
a sum that should be about equal to the value
of the lapd ; but no gentleman will say that
the avenge value M land is $3 an acre, " and
SI 000 would exceed that .'price.'- He hoped
therefore, a smaller sum would be fixetl upon.
Mr. J. A. Cameron proposed to amend the
Section so as to provide that a Senator shall
possess 300. acres of land, or town property
to the (value ot 1000.. ). s ; t
Mr. Fislier obiectctl to the provision being
cohfincdtopersoris living ih towns ho wishetl
it to be geheral. 1 , ',.
Mr, Jfeawe said, there appeared to him no
difficult m the proposed provision. If a man
hold 300 acl-es of land he would be eligible ;
or if he held land worth JIOOO, tliaugh it
miglit be less in quantity, he would be equal
ly eligible. To confine the alternative to
towns, would deprive an' inhabitant of the
country from a seat in the Senate M ho pos
sessed any less number of acrjes than O0,
thougli ifmight be worth $6000. He Iroperi
the amendment would pas3 as proposed by
the mover. - ... ' ' "
Mr..-Jltangwn was .opposed to the amend
ment proposed by the gentleman from Cum
berland. J This proposition could not be con
sidered as infrineinc on the rieht as at pre-
Lsent exercised ; laut as an extension of tha.t
right. 7" Our ancestors, said he, thought pro
per to guard our interests in the Senate, by
requiring; its members to be owners of 300 a
cres of the soil of tlie country and it was
doubtless a wholesome provision. The object
of the present amendment was to admit such
as have not that quantity of land, but possess
ah estate of 51000. Under the present Con
stitution, if a man possesses property to the
value of $20,000, if he have not 300 acres of
land, he is not eligible. This he did not think
correct. He was clear, however, that the
property to' qualify .a man to be Senator should
be freehold property, and not ah estate that
should depend on his own life, or ! the life of
another. f' 7: ' , v
Mr. Sanaa's was in favor of neither of the
amendments proposed io this section. He
preferred the provision' of the Constitution as
it now stands. He was for having members
of the Senate to be owners of 300 acres, of
land. He considered the Senate as repre
senting the landed interest of the country,
and he should prefer that its members should
be chiefly taken from the country,- and not
from towns; Or, if members should be cho
sen frpm towns, that they should be men who
owned at least 300 acres of label ; and no one
worthy of a seat in the Senate would find any
difficulty in acquiring this qualification, j :
Mi. J. S Smith' was in favor "of tlie onginal
amendment : but thought 1000 Dollars was
too large a sum with which 0 fill the blank,
A man who has 300 acres of land not worth
100 Dollars may be a Senator. He should
wish to fix; the sum at what might be consi
dered about an average value of 300 acres of
land. He proposed therefore OUO Dollai-s.
He was anxious this amendment should pre
vail ; as jthe Convention proposed to take
away the right of the towns to send mem
bers, theinhabitant.4 of 'towns ought to be
placed on an equality as to eliiijility with
those of the country V ;
Mr. J'hifer again, insisted upon maintaining
the landed interest m Senate, and against la
cihtating jthe election to that
body of the in
habitants! of the towns.
Mr. Cameron withdrew his
The question was' then taken on filling the
blank wih 1000 dollars arid lost. The; ques
tion was jtlicn taken on 600 cloliai s, and car
ried. -..! ' f
Ori motion of Mr. Maneum, the section" was
further amended, by inserting the words, be
fore the 600 dollars, w real estate in fee of the
1 .' t4 I - . 1 . . .' .
.1 r' . r. it
pl be continued. J
The-following persons have died within a
ew weeks. in Gates CoUntv, m tliis State :
Mr. Micaah Riddick; asred 58 James Gat
mg, Esg. ; Mr. John Duke : Mr. James
Mr. Isaac Lamb : Mr. Henry Cope-.
Mr..-A v in. Brothers,au far advanced
Also, Mrs.' Mary Gregory and Miss
. V 1
rHE annual meeting of this Sdciety will
JL be held in the City of I Raleigh on the
second 'Monday of December, . and on ' the
Sunday preceding, the Anniver&iry Sermon
tor tne oenent 01 rine, institution , wui; oe
preached in the Presbyterian; Church iiy the
J. GALES. SecV.,
State of North-Carolina-
lUndolpb, County. . -
Heraon Mi llersv Executors, y
fTlHtSi case being referrei to me, the Un
xiersifirned. to talce an account, anu reDOft
the .next Court Notice is given to all he
.next. 10I the Clerk and Master's oflice. in tine
Town of Ashborough. .-. j ' -pX- j pP
? 3 j ; 4 TV.RP. WAPPPn
i. V J--' V - AJk j...
lit i hit liic iuwm ui L.uuiii4i: iii j itinKiiii III h
cmiintV, with rood5- Jmproveinents'' 'therX-nr' y 1
Wll-Oe SOU! TO : llie jlIgllCallJlunCT IHO .
Courthouse door in Loitisb!irr on Tuestl iV 't
of tlie next Couniy CoUit of Kranklin. ' CThe O
payments will be maHe:'-e'asV'nd'"aixiiimc'f'f;
datiW to the nurchaser? ; 1 l r'; -
MaSE for fivi vears Willi be irlvenfo-?, -;
liieveh Hundred Acres pf land, adjoitj"-'
1! .1 1 lrl- ; 'M.S.
residence or inc Mmscrujcr.
ic oh the banks' of the Keuse, and on ' .
lv tph triiles from ILiletrh. 1 he sol
rh. The Vi' well .
adapted to the growth ot Corn atid.Cottbiy. c
It will oe under ao excellent tence. . A .
houe-an Overseer's house, od Negro IhA , ;
sesJwl be offered with tlie land.. An Ap- - ,
pie iuid Peach Orchard, in fine rutler for maky
ingB randy and Cider, with all the rights and
privileges othe Subcrtli.: ' r . -
r . 1 ; . y SAitA 11 5 1 ow is. -. v.
Dale! Nor.17. .yy i ..l..:' P.
A Lease will also be given for a llanta
tifn'kowh by tfce hame hi' C ONI OT, on ht' y
K.ounoke, in the. county of Heftie. Tlil.
lind iai too well known to require any, partly V
qular description; - -Persons wisliiiVg to ee i
may apptv to the Hit. MOSES tilLUAJil
lioot and Shoe jjlaker, -
I ETUIINS his thanks to' hin friends and v
the public, and . rv.pectfuDy inforiTti 1
them that he is prepared id execirtc- all 0,1-
ders hf his line on the shortest notice. As 1 :
his .Work riieu are superior and Material thri
best j that can be protf mvd! in Philadelphia
he flatters himself that Miirie.Uf liisold friends
has reason to believe th.it his work is rood.
Nov 17. 1 .. - --11 3t '
"O ESPECTPlTl LY-iiifoi rris his friends ah (
Xt the public in eenetal that on account df P . - flj
the scarcity of monevhe is induced to work
ower than hedr.is been in the habit if
of all ,
fo ready -money, as cah is th object
mechanics. lie bus employed good '
workmen from New Yfrrk. andisdetermineil
tb work so aV bolh parties can live agreeable ' , ' : ; .
to the' tiu.es. -y.-U aP' pp: .4v',' -'J
a uress voat maacm loe arst style, y jOvUv ,
Second quuhty, - ;
Surtouts or frocks in live Sit fttyl, '
Second quality; ' X '
Great Coats, j-' - -. ' ?' -Cloaks,
, ' -.v; syPPy:--'
Homespun CoatS. - .
. 4 OU
00 to 1
00 to I
Vest,?-,: -,i . ' ': - -'' ,v'l
Cutting of Cq;its kc. 75 Ceht-, Vest 25 cents
Pantaloons 25 cents. : '
Cloaks1 cut out in style ftw-50 cents. 1
All of which wlll be warranted to be exe
cuted in tbe first sty'e to suit tbe ciVonu r,
and if not pleasing him fie will be paid for hiM
cloth. Tlie, cash will be required in ail caW
except from p'unetnal customers."
- ltaleigh, Nov. 17Pp v iy l-3t ':
FlIIF subscriber refectrufly infortTt!'thc'
X public that, b-ing Hgent for fupplyin,'.
Vaccine Matter to the C piled States Army,
he is compelled txiK Vepp'" constantly on haiuV
a supply , of recent, reniunc Vaccine Mattel1,.
He pledges himself to u-il to' any pat ot '.?
the United St:.t es, by 'ynatt, a supply 'of fre. .
matlerpput vp fn the cn,'v "with printetl dj
rections for its useSuchiirrarigemcntsnavR . ,'',
been made that itetje "choice- cnutn ptocitv V
ed from the wottinqyeitiohabte':-specimen
ifie dteeax! will '-fecv&rPpjy. p '-P't . '( T-
Theifee will be $5 foteach supply, but
should it by any . accident fall, on tliev &ub
wins iivuutv j iiu3 iiiiy iinic. wiiiinr
one month after the first quantity has been.'
received, a fresh supply will be sent without' .
any adititioiisj charge- pPf-: y
The subscriber, will be I urider the necessi. 4
tyof ljot taking letters from the Post Officg. '
unless! the postage be paid. . J ( ... v ,
-K'-4-"-' , JOHN UEVEUE, M. T &c. ;
I Agent for supplying Vaccine; Mattcy
i to the ITnlted Stales Army.
: ..Baltimore, North Charles St : ! l9tr -
IN obedience to a dectee of the1 Court fit
Eqwity for Guilford County, nude in Pk -suit;
wherein ihe Executors of Sterfing Ruf- v
fin, t decM, , are CorL,lainants' and ' Sam..f "-r
Ilobson, is defendant C I shall expose to pb
lie sale on Monday the ithx dy of January
nexi, at Aasweu uourtnouse, FORTY likelv '
NEGROES ; and the sale will be
iiym day to day Until tfr-Avhole of said NeS
groesare sow, or so many thereof as will be:
suCicient to satisfy the "said. decee. f
f P-"' WILLIAMSON, Sherlfr py
" " . ' ', -.' . of Caswell CQiintVrf P
- . po-nqzyp pppp -
k 1.L persons indebteil t6 Wit late ftrm f
J 'N; Harding & Corare renitested to m&W
immediate payment to th ' knKsriber, who : ' -
mayoe ionu at u iiour otthc day at tb'tfv
house of WHliam Shawv ; ? . "'i P -p pp-'
N. Bi Ort the first ef DecemW" f,.Vin'
place -all open account' Wiiltan oCicef foj
- i - - , -p - . . if i
'yrytr:P I'Pr K
; v." ' '". . " ----- : "-," .
1 AT dl STOBX OT 34r OX tS &
Of the Reports of Cases argued and dttt
ininedintbeJ Supreme Court
WV&1pP H';p; fli1
r roHna, for June Term, 1825,' j
. - -1 II I ' 1
y , . Li
' - . f
: ' , .
"v -'"-' J.
i y- -.
I '. - ...n'. I .1
P' t- i)