r Spanish War Is
A Menace To Peace
The average citizen has heard
relatively little of foreign affairs
lately. Events at home—the elec
tion, the convening of Congress,
the strikes, the unprecedented
floods in the Middle West and
South —have taken all his atten
Yet the foreign situation has
grown steadily more menacing.
In Spain, for example, a civil
war is going on. Everyone knows
that. What everyone doesn’t know
is that a general European war, on
a small scale, is likewise going on
in Spain. All the major nations
have paid lip service to the cause
of neutrality in Spanish affairs
but the fact remains, according to
every fact-finding newspaperman
who has returned from the Spanish
battlefronts, that several European
nations have troops actively engag
ed in Spanish battles, are supply
ing one side or the other with
airplanes, rifles, cannon, ammu
nition and food. For instance, when
the rebellion began, a rebel leader
Franco had almost no
he has great numbers of the most
up-to-date type. And the loyalists
• had no air force worthy of the
name—now they have a consider
able number of fairly modern, well
Principal participating nations
are Russia, Germany, Italy and
France. Germany and Italy side
with the rebels, are Fascistic in
tendency and purpose. Russia
and France side with the loyalists,
who include Communists, Social
ists, Syndicalists and Republicans.
To what extent are these foreign
nations taking an active interest
in Spain ? Vivid answer is sup
plied by Major A1 Williams, famous
racing pilot, who recently made a
European tour for the purpose of
evaluing Europe’s air armadas.
According to Major Williams, “One
pilot, who had served in the rebel
army, told me it was getting tough
for a native to find something to
do in that civil war. Russia, Ger
many, Italy and France had all but
taken over for a warming-up ses
sion of their new’ w'ar machines.”
Finally, why are these nations
mixing in a civil war that, theo
retically, is none of their business ?
The answer to that is two-fold.
First, there is a good chance that
a loyalist victory would result in
the establishment of a communist
regime in Spain. Italy and Ger
many, leading fascist powers, are
determined to do everything pos
sible to prevent that—it would
theraten their hopes for the grad
ual extension of fascism through
all Europe. By the same token, a
rebel victory would be followed by
a fascist Spanish government, as
General Franco has said. And
France and Russia feel that if it
happened, they would be put in
great danger, inasmuch as they
would be surrounded by unfriendly
The second phase of the answer
is given by intimation in the quo
tation from Major Williams. The
chatter of diplomats to the con
trary, it is a reasonable assump
tion that Europe would be at war
now if the antagonistic powers
were not held back by fear
other’s possible strength. It is no
secret that Germany would attack
France tomorrow, if she were con
fident she could win—and that
France w’ould do. the same thing,
given the same assurance. Civil
War in Sapin is providing these
powers with a chance to try out
theirfighting equipment—and the
General Staffs are watching with
This ‘‘international civil war”
has killed thousands of Spaniards.
It has laid Spain waste. And it is,
perhaps, preparing the way toward
the most sanguinary general con
flict in world history. Today all
Europe is an armed camp—and its
weapons are infinitely greater both
in number and potential destruc
tiveness than before the World
War. It is very possible that if one
of the powers becomes satisfied
that the “tests” made in Spain
show it to be superior to a neigh-
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So far as America is concerned,
the State Department obviously
realizes the dangers in Europe—
is seeking to formulate an equit
able and workable neutrality policy.
There is a great deal of debate
going on among those with differ
ent views. It seems certain that
the President will be given wide
discretionary powers in dealing
with foreign crises. It also seems
certain that the old doctrine, dram
atized by Wilson, of “freedom of
the seas” will be dropped, in the
hope of keeping us out of conflict.
Alamance County farmers are
pruning their masculine type of
grapes before spring growth be
ing marbles with Billy.
We wasn’t playing marbles, Ma.
We had just had a fight and I was
helping him pick up his teeth.
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WENDELL, NORTH CAROLINA
Yes. She’s trying to tell her hus
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