4 .f ,V
s. . - v
v'"" ' '-
i- -V' - - '
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS.
. "Voxrxxxm (B.OO XAr 5Tsax-.
vol.. i ;
V 1U:s:K, CRAVKN COUNTY, IS. C, DECEMBER IS, 1884.
3 t W
We Feed Rfloney,
aa 1 cannot indulge longer.
Accounts and Notes not paid very shortly,
w expect to TTRN OVER to our Attorney
Einston, November, 1884.
"GARDNER & GLENN
majtltfactueehs and dealeks rrr
en aod Top Buggies,
ROCKAYAYS. AND PHAETOflS,
Farm and Spring Wagons, Outs, Trucks,
. i ; Drajs, Eauejj, Hatters, Collirs, Hames, Etc.
Drond f"ti-et opixwittJ AN'i. rvfilU-r-'-.
Cf &EPALRI.VO LN ALL ITS BRACnE3 5KATLT EXK4 UTKD.
OtTir US A CA.LL
T:l AM NOW PRPARHD TO
at k Gia T. s. Qra s ti Hoit Favorable Terms.
I will "ala TSa4' Ctton
.'. ' Iiaz o4 f f frUbtA to ta
- I U1 pJ Highest Mixkot
-. kTi i i
r- - 2
red ta Si
I iaa al prfar
Wkaa rou kav Cot t Q
7 I asaiso'Afvsi Ut th Clbrar
. OIlICETiOfE SOfiTH
oALPHEUS W. WOOD.
:-GRKD' ' DISPLAY
OF OTJE TJKZQUALED STYLES OF
tall anil Winter CLOTHING
3L?oi 3tIoji. .xid Boys.
rfOClSt,REDUCED TO SUIT THE TIMES.
e, "- ' :-
Evewy ICrrftU bcyr. who vwti to b dreasod nrut, ax 1 .( the oini- C;nw wive
enotafy, abeold tDavsctovg stock when In want of
, JIotliinc:, UntN or SIioch.
la axrrortUe weotfer th STORM KING UMBRELLA. wnu-.ieJ r - turr.
vr faa aary storm.
- BsrrlBM svM oChar uvsrcoau vsry low
Btast t1s oi Meat'. LsMliew and CtuJ.ln-n
Swiaa ot ClcbiatsfTOea tXOO to $21 00.
r l-Mrm tii ottarMU irom n
' LadtseTaad Misals Chjaka
,ar e -I '
-.. Aa4 Straw ILM aaf samiwr 9uit mint u. ;
' ' '' " ' tm acrd frt yCwr WINTER OCTKi r
,'. - tern lb ONLY EXClX'slVE UKNTS' n-;.;-'
K V"" - 4" b aHgy ho TVU h iltrea u v.
.' . V aa a Full L.ne of Saeorub . .!. 1 ,r
' .; ; Cm liiaa ot Qrer t is tT bt h.i,. ov -r h v
..' .Kve, Tooeha avd Chtl.lreu a tuit fr ni i .
-'- , .J'lil Ue? radi-rvrar .Vent t r -Ji
. ' r ' , Vl mQ a good Waiu Shirt. Liu.-n K.. ni 1;. '. "u
,.-- "i Staay. aVdam a A On.' .iho.-e c k no - - :;r 1 tr x
t 4 ULut arke. We bars th i:!ajKe alt , .f ih, m
: ' Cct ?hosa h "FVe- "
. '. Oaj Hmt Stock ry c.rtnpirtv cr. -.-n
;'- KawTVeWand 9cf. Oloree ILmierv !! .-.: ;
UMW aad CIT BatSon. at f 'paiar t'- - . -
- Carpta.Oil Oocha. Ku. Trunk i. 1
r t ns earn pi rr of Xair t Arn 1:1
I ' . . 'taf OjaM, RjoU and Six ,(.- lt
' , J "'A'-'' - ; ' ' "
-wit".... ' '
and PAY UP.
. or greatly reduce the dntj o:i 1 1 1
j th Hif hot Price of thetniniodity. On the Itepublic.tn
! side of the House there is an over
j whelming majority iu favor of a re
NUBsrr at Cost-
Price for Cotton cd
co lion at Us lwr.t omfcerag, nva
w'f-ofjoo to 0:o, b turo le ni
OF COTTON EXCHANGE.
r"t:i St "
Jaek. t. '.
a rs. uiltv
l"v" K 1 ' r I ss.:ii'EKIN
HOVfiRD A JllNPS.
Bl eaTF m m aay V V W saaSJ W
Oco. EPISCOPAL CBuRCH.
ItLL t"K srP.MKT.
:i ( '.ir-ri'.vi
r r i. en i "I'
ll t Aithur's
... ' .(. lil'.l II; I'l
i ". i ni.ui ( ;
i 'i i in o ' ijj.it i n h
; II ; T1 . Nr'.V
-l. r,:nl .i (1 1 .(.!!-
i'o ( i n. im i i
IV. -ct i
ill- fl.lf tT
n :i the
nil i .ui for
Atier four ilaily Mt-
mi-. .iire--s re" we. try, anil
: i- l. .1 Tviu, i: I i nirs nnt:i to diiy.
!'i; t.. i-h iff i : i c-t centers in
ti.e .:.t.-;il r.i'lier tl; in in the
Ir.-I.inve nut! .lust now. the
f: 'mi-T of two .-e;its in the Ci'itetl
St.,'. s Se; one InMn oaoh o: the
n'kt . - i-es of New Vorl. and
I'ithi.-. ini.i. is exi-i;inr .iitentioii.
Seu.U' i C'.imero: will j.rnl);itily !
retnnusl from the hitti r St.ite, now
th.it his he.ilth is U tter, bat what
the complic. tied itaation in New
dieted, l'resnlrnt. Arihor would
hke t h- wat, bat f courxe his PrM -
eut pobition foil.ids him from active
or irsonalcaiididaov. For several
Ner York friends have bien he- hw most Impressive man-
t the White House, and part of ." "Imember that wateber
carb dav in conference with Mr. happen to us , a tin? wale ob tears
Arthur." It i under,toHl that be " lle ru,U ob ,de dirfc, ct b au
Unotwdluigto go into a scramble scrupuJous (inscrutable) Proyi
tor the Seursh.p, nor to hd" The Judge thinks that he
hL name mennoned arf the can-' ectiun result was very much the
ufdate of a faction. Consequently STOrk 01 aa mscrupulous Providence,
he ba-s not decided what course to Senator Edmunds has talked in
advise his fnerjUs to pursue. Andy ! a gloomy way with ineuds about
Johnson, you remember, went to the ungrateful remarks that have
the Senate after the expiration of been passed upon his conduct dur-
liis Presidential term, and should
Mr. Arthur do the same, there,
would be the strange coincidence :
of two ex presidential Senators,;
Ixith of whom attained the IVesi-,
deney through the accident of as ',
Tliere neems t) be an unnsaal
tleire among the Congressmen who
will not return next year that this;
shall be an active session, and each j
is determined to puh lorwanl h:s;
favorite meiwore. It is not known .
fet that any tariff legation win
U. attemnted. Mr. Ho man. of In
diana, thinks that the titriff could
tve detmyed gradually by a serie-s
of attack, each directed against a
single detail of the s.wem. The
fifling in the House iu i.ivor ol
tree -nir, or, as Senator Vance
wrc.iid s.-y. fre asnnt'liiin" lias
inrn gaming strength lorseveial
yeaiH, and the s siini is not lik iy
to tiid without au effort to itai .
peal oi sugar uuues. - rorii,eru
Democrat said yetexda.y thnt the
. i-'pie of the l"nitel States had
been chainel long enough to sugar
Unters, and that it would Ik? tn-t ,
erwonomv to s-ini ttipni all to
N-.r York sud to pay their
di a first elasjt hotel than c,,n-1 one is permitted to enter the Sen- the human system a parasiiic dis
tinne the present policy. -e Chamber uutil twenty minutes , ease may so completely exhaust the
Among the hills introduced into -have elapsed. A Senator in com j blood of some ingredient necessary
the Senate during the past week. 1 nienting o,on the exclusi veness j to the growth and propagation of
one suggested in the
den;' message, to give Gen. Ctraut )
jiiisiou of 5 (XJO a jear for life
to date from March the 4th, 1877
It ii understood that Gen. Grant is 1
in or health, and that his sou 1
Krr-l was in this city a few days ago .
seeking uu appoint nieut lor his own
uppoit. These things cause a ,
feeling of sympathy for the ex-1
President. Uut prominent Con-
pre. ioinl fneuds of Gen. Fitz John
Pie.ter say the bill cannot pass the
House this session. Alter the in
auguration of a Democratic Presi
dent, they say Gen. Porter's frieuds
will not opioe (tensioning Gen.
Grant, provided the Kepublicau 1
,-v'iijie ooeo uol oppje me renei oi 1
Koliinson, of New
York, who is noted for his attacks
011 foreign princes, potentates and
powers, otTered in the House a reso
lution providing for a return to the
simplicity of a deffersonian inau
guration. It prohibits the erection
of triumphal arches, and the dis
play ol' bayonets in Washington on
inauguration d.iy. and provides that
only the t'hiet .Justice shall accom
pany the President ulect, on foot,
or in a plain carnage, drawn by not
more than two horses, and without
decorations o i, er , I o I lie ( '.ipitol.
Mr. 1 ;..!: 11 sou '.- p l it n-.d 1; ! e en ds on
! he ith ot n- vt March, and it has
been unk'.iidly hinted that this is
the reason why he thinks a tlounsh
of t rum pets 1 r jiibdat ion on the 1 ; h
u:i-uitel to h;s slate of nimd.
At l.i.-t the Wa-hiugtou iiionu
nient has been capstoned and
.ipexed. On Siturday, at a height
: ;.;.( t.
re:;eh in .
vv.L-. ' ;n
If kf. e ! 1
ic ia-e. 111 a
. thee l.'-.-t
! the summit,
;. icn -l.-red
- .i'. lmii-.-
s 11 5.0
I II oil : - Ml .
la ( i
. 1 1
!.. lei. .led Met 1 1 ' ' 1 1 1 s "
i- deee'ldetlt M e t . I . , 1 1 s " ,
. ' ! . s r . ,ui d 1 'r : n; : r : e
I hutches. Thl's
' t es, r i i ; : , i st I M M I I II M I
i a . et te )i : : -t c. 'tt tuna
. i . i m . I M M i . The Met h
st ;it 'hi! re 1 1 and . ther
i I i.t; i ches will i. it be
I elV.eia!!'. The.V will,
nd Irateiiial .hlcp.-'cs.
it.a'.d that I"iill 1H.IK.HI
1 I'C 1. CM' lit.
il r y K.n. i u i i v i 1 1 a i
V- .. W r I.
-HIN(i I i ' N . I hr. 7, Son
.iti st T 1 n i e urn, - mi
si, end t heir ii '-hts ;i:nl
d.ts dicnsinti whi; initio hne
In en. None, however, line .ne:i
'.e'rer .i!.l' ;o ne an ;llui r.i" i.m
i d'.e.i i i i- it tne.i leehns t ! ; n
i'l.l.'e llsliue, i lonner mi'inlier
ot l' 'i.-Tiess. but i.ow euf-'nyed in
tiie praetlee of l.iw in this city. He
says that he tinds consolation in
rhe phrase of an old daiky preacher
he o:iee heard tell ot down in Ar
kansa.s. The old It'll. w in one of
his cermoiis had dwelt upon the
idea that whatever happened w.is
for the best. No misfortune could
hap'ii to one that was not for the
best, although it inijibt be very try
ing to the soul of taith to be ahvays
able to make the exact application
of the Ie.HMV.i There was one col
ored friend in t he congregation who
rebelled lit the theory. He rose up
in meeting and recited his obj c
tions at some length to the theory
r hut Sud lurk ii.s well as mnil tim
i " U1, J
1 ln- Tbe P" 87 t .e revol
'n th cougregation aud determnied
, i'ul 'V uu"." " " .""""""f;
' I UlUJIUaliUU 14 Ulll I U V 1 7 U I 1 ' 1 I .
' mg the late election, lie nas rague-
ly threatened not to be a candidate
for re-election to the Senate. This
is a very prudent move upon the
part of St. Jerome. He has heard
of the movement against him in
VermoDt. If the feeling 'there
should become very strong the
Senator will certainly not be a can
didate for re-election. He mast
have given up something of his
political ambitions, as he is abont to
bnild a very handsome house here.
' ue nas paiu i,.ou or ne .ol-uio e
T-t i j jt a r- i r l. 1
iu,wl ' f'" '
He is too shrewd in noting the re
suit following public men building
too handsome houses here to start
Out with a grand place for himsell
it he had not at last discovered that
his personal uupopnlarity is enough
to (taud as a bar to any future ad
He is as arbitrary with the Sen
ate over which he presides as any
ledagogue with a country school.
To his credit he has driven out all
of the cheap lpbby isists who used
to lounge about the Senate cloak
rooms and loll upon the sofas at the
rear of the Chamoer. Some ot lhe
Senators think that Edmunds goes
ti far. o one is permitted now
to send in a card to a senator until
2 (U'HX'k in iur iiia-uimiu, nun tcnin one aouuuauc croo as 10 oe ln-
when the Senate is adjourned no
hedged about the Senate Cham ber
said: "I dure say it is all right. It
1 dare say it is au rignr. ii
gives us an aw lut loon, oi morality
at any rate, and tnat is soinef ning.
Gen. S.VT. Crawford, of the Army,
is here for the winter. He is the
sole surviving officer who w;.s in
port Sumter at the surrender under
Major Anderson. An army o nicer
ju discussing Crawford said: "He
has been a failure as a military
officer. He should have remained
in the medical department of the
n ee-n LJ , 1 J fKrt ill T Li O t fl 1 n i.' nf I
jiiuj. 11c 1. uo iuc
oen. arren-s oeing renee !
the battle of Five Forks. Craw
ford had a division in Warren's
corps and he was so incompetent
tnat n arren nati to remain almost ,
nil tht time with him so tlru when 1
llir Shir uan suddenl v came nuo
Gen. Sheridan suddenly came npon .
the field he did not nun w arren :
where he thought ne should be. and ;
u he would accept no explanations
Warren was relieved of his com
Mr. Andrew llevine. one of the
best stenographers in the country,
and who reported Mr. IMaine's
speeches during his Western cam
paign tour, i putting them together
tor publication in book form.
Washington, Dec. S. Secre
tary Chandler has withdrawn irom
the management ol the Xatimial
h'fpuldican and is now otlenng his
interest for sale. He has come to
the conclusion that his paper would
not pay under a Democrat ic admin
istration when it has barely man
aired to make expenses under a
lie publican ad rum 1st rat ion ot which
he was a member. Chandler has
owned, in name at least, the con
trolling interest 111 the organ. It
wa- understood, however, that this
interest represented t he investment
of cei tain .-hip building contractors.
Chandler's retirement means the
collairseoi the whole scheme 111
volved in tiie orij.n.tl puiehase ol
the organ. Chandler v ill lesiiiiie
'he pi ae; ice ot law here alier the
fh ot March, and will gi e .1 c!os, 1
.c ; cut 1011 than et er to i..bb alia: ; s.
The other Cabinet otT.eel.s i. e
'heir plans pre 1 1 well in .oi.
T. 1 .1 in . m 11 u 1 i i ix" link to
1 .11" :ee 111 ( Tie Igo, .Hid
d ' I
le 's ,
i e -1 ' 1 1 .
Al t hill
I U e. I
w a . ; i h 1
i en I 1 1
d t' t.a
t u I II 1 e hi
i s heard ul h ; in a nd i en- r.u
even a word ot h i in m circles u lu-i e
his recent I tcit ies used !n ollci a
.staiidine; t..:e fur .uii'i-i'int-iit.
Secretary Teller will return to
Colorado. He wdl try to Mii-.-ia-il
.Senator llil! this winter. He is
enerally believed to be very iic.li.
although he lives simply and ple..s
Kneit when called upon to spend
any money. Frank Hatton, the
CosttnasttM'-Generai, will probably
return to liurlington. although he
is talking some of going into the
: .uli . ,ut business.
Sei retarv Teller's niana
of t'-e Interior Department will
all. nd ,. i aeii Held for invest igat ion
upon the part of the next Demo
cratic Secretary. A good, thorough
investigation of the Vest resolution
now pin lmg in the Senate will
-how- that Secretary Telh r, as well
as Senator Plutnb, is interested in
the leased laud contracts in Indian
Territory, which have been mae in j
iolatiou of law. But uo one thiuko
much w ill come out of the proposed j
investigation. A Republican S jiia-1
tor in commenting u the inves-l
ligation said. Senators never put:
much heart in investigating any of;
the alleged misdoings ot their as o
ciates. There is too much of a
family fe ling iu that body. There
never yet lias been any iuvestiga-
L,uu l" clc"i"u' ul,luc UJ ulal """J
has amounted to anything
In the few cases where Senators
have been hurt in such investiga
tions it has simply been where the
evidence from outside sources has
It is geuerally conceded among
Iiepublicans that thre is no de
partment of the Government that
so greatly needs overhauling as the
Interior Department. There is
hardly a subordinate of the depart
ment in the West whose character
will bear inspection.
Mr. , Blaine is goine to Eurow
some time next year. He will first
write a history of the war of 1812.
and irive a sketch of the oolitics of!
tnat period, lie will remain in
Europe lor a year or two for recrea
tion and rest. He will return in
time to give his attention to the
affairs of the Republican party. He
will be a decided factor in direct
ing who shall not be nominated in
1888. His frieudssay he will never
himself enter politics again.
The family of Robert G. Ingersoll
has returned to Washington. Col,
Ingersoll is expected here at the
close of the week. The Colonel is
delighted with ranch life iu New
Mexico and will return to his log
house out there upon the 1st of next
It is not true that Bancioft, the superphosphate, containing neither Representative Springer to-day 'an
Historian, is to go to Boston to , iiminotii' uor potash, produced as . nounced Messrs. Fyan and Milliken as
spend the winter. The story has! follows: - I-'irst Year, 1870, 242 bush-! e sub-committee to investigate the
been printed in a number of papers. I els per ...re; 1877.1o2; 1S78, 1574; J 0&T$J
I asked him about it yesterday. 1879, 4-1; 1880, 158; 1881, 223; 1882, ! hold its first meeting Thursday,
'Puh !'' said he; "svhj not Lapland ! ii14; H!t. In other words, ' and will at that time examine J. .1.
o Greenland ? I would as soon go I his pI-', with superphosphate j Barker, who made the charge on which
to either as to Boston to spend the ' alone, h.:.- produced id eight years ! the investigation is ordered.
TnE Theory ok Vactinatiox.
I'rof. Tndall suggests that, just
, as the soil may be so effectually
roiihed ot some essential ingredient
, capable of producing another, so in
, , he parasite that the production off
1 h second crop in tatal or e.onsidera
second crop in fatal or e.onsidera
: i,ie rjuantity may be iniposible. It
would thus appear that protective
vaccination or inoculation is simrly
j the introduction into the blood of
I weakened and comparatively h;:rm
j less disease germs to con.-ume the
material which might, become food
tor simdai germs in a more vigorous
and dangerous condition.
Wixd Wokk. A gale at 1. d
St. Loojs in 1871, according to Mr.
. r - . e r . -
Miaier suiitn, overturned a
locomotive, exerting a force of no
less than 5K5 ponnds persquare foot
At St. Charles a. jail was destroyed
in IS.., the pressure required being
p.eshure requueu oeing
louuds per square foot. At
m 1 1 1 1 00A u V
Masl,tleI1,,' ff0' a bnck man'
S10I1 was leveled, the force necessary
being 58 pounds per square loot,
Ik.low these extraordinary pres-
ur Mr gmith has instanced
numerous cases of trains blown oft'!
rails, and bridges, etc., blown down !
by gales of i'l to M pounds per
Successful experiments in dis-'
tributing the electric light to great'
distances have been made iu con-:
met. on with the Turin Electrical
Exhibition. A Siemens machine of
.'Iti hor.se power generated a current ;
which was simultaneously used by.
several electric light systems spread
over a circuit of about 25 miles.
A motor driven by small charges
of gun cotton is an English uoveltv.
It is said to be applicable wherever
sin. ill rowers are required.
A Get man botanist has given in
stances of the modification ot plants
by insects so as to produce new va
rieties. CriiKAT Worms. According to
Mi. 1'. E. r.eddard. a London zoolo
gist, e irthwornis two feet in length
have been found in the British
Is,-s. and various species as large
or larger are known to exist m
South America. Western Africa,
Australia and New Zealand. The
largest species known. hoWeVe'-.
inhabits South All ;ca. Forty ye.as
igo a specimen was described
which measured six teet two inches
i'i length, but it seems to have been
neat 1 i irgot 1 en tin 111 I he ot her
di. u he. i a eigaiitie clea'Ule :
till- s line species v,,, si ;,t to '.e
I I'll .'II s
i ! I a Ha t i
e el . !
' .eel i 11 :
1 u-1 : i -r iii
,inii c," taken
live inches, k
alU halt an l'ich.
1. 1 I n ". A shun
1 let tisi-li 1 1 1 s co a red
. t 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 r c plants iii
a'.ae w !Mc!i hah: !!.. tc
vii , , v, i n ir ti t n m ei i i n s
IC! Ilia- '!,(. n hilia- ell.lUell 1 II
' ' . ' ' ' 1 1.1 1 I'l'liVc I hill itici Usui
"1 nr.titic matter. A Hun
i In.! . 1 1 1 1 s i . dules oehaalseh
has ni'ire 1 t-i eli! iiriiud t .he
1 . .1
i' 1 1 1' i "m'i - c i - eoiv;hs ujion
'.: . aie . e en t ; -e ci ce li est
mens n I ,; ; !r fi iunn
He il is ,i, t tl ted . ,. i : ,., i,
chidine although ;, are i.ne
'lie two lie'.v al'ie de ct'li.cl ly
A l-'reiieh astronomer iris hemd
reasons for helievinp that a cin n'-'r
uitirer:tnce jireiiuiablv : ol
c.ino wnich exists iu the soulhein
hemisphere of Venus has an eleva
tion of not les; than seventy miles,
lie regard.-? such a vast mountain
.us not incompatible with the plan
et's volcanic nature.
riCTUREs of Soind Some re-
maikable photographs of a pistol
i bul'.e.r in flight under the illu
mination of an electric spark have
been secured by Prof. E. Mach, of
Prague. He lias also photographed
the Hir streams whi-b one may see
over a Ikmsen burner placed in
sunshine; and h..s even obtained :
pictures of waves of sound, these :
last being made visible bva method
in which advantage is taken of the
irrt gular lefraction of light by air!
ict iu vibration by soaud.
Manure for Potatoes.
"Iouet.vn Farm, N. V.
In the h'urnl jYcr- Yorker tor Sep-!
tember I'O, you publish an extract I
of a letter from Sir Johu 15. Lawes i
in which occurs the following sen-1
tence: "Two tons of potatoes say j
SO bushels of 5G pounds to the!
! uouc'J wula,u auuun ok iwuuiu w
ru'ui uu x i ' iu" iuau'i-
ty every year without applying
potash; but no more. It is no use
to apply ammonia or phosphate,
The potato must have potash.'
I imagine Sir John must have
been speaking of the large crops
ot potatoes grown on the liural
Farm. To raise such crops, ammo- i
ma and phosphate alone may not
suffice; you must have potash also.!
rsuc me sentence, as it stauus,
needs some explanation; and as the
subject is one of great practical as
ell as of scientific importance Sir
0 "u 1 uu'f " n e us T 'T- ' followetl- Alt ordered to hold
matlon- " a "eem from hts:up their hands, and. the robbers
"P"""" tuaL ne coumnotmeau
i r ur mi moi ui : r it ikm inrp it r u
that ammonia and phosphates with-
out potash will not enable the soil ing to reports got $2,000, and be
to produce over SO bushels of pota- j 8i,ies obtained from the passengers
toes per acre. in watches, jewelry, and money
These experiments commenced $4,000 more." The robbers then
in 187G, and potatoes bave been I disappeared, after enforcing a
grown on the same land every year i promise from the passengers not to
since. The plot without manure of ieave the train for ten minutes.,. A
any kind from 1875 to 1883, has strong nosse. headed bv detectives.
yielded as follows, calling 50 pounds
a bushel: First year, 1S7G, 154J
lM1t,kAl, .. 1CT lOill. 1Q-"a
UU,UCIS j-o.i, ao.o,
115; 1871), 32 1; 18S0, 42i; 1SS1, SH;
1S82, 78; " S.S3, 1 04. In ot her words,
the unm mured land nroduced 72S.V
hnshols in .-icrlif: Tp-.irs or nn nvpr".
is-n of Ml bushel ner ncre p ich
age oi .1 uusneis per acre eacn
year. The plot manured With
1 ,347 bushels, or an average of 16SA
oushelsj.er acre per year. On the
plot receiving a liberal dressing of
potash, soda and magnesia, in ad
dition to the superphosphate, the
total yield in tight years was 1,301
bushels, or an average ol 170 bush
els each year per acre. In other
words, this liberal dressing of pot
ash increased the crop only 1J bush
el per acre. On the plot dressed
with nitrate of soda, in addition to
the superphosphate and potash, the
yield in eight years was 2,4 iDA
bushels, or an average of310 bush -
-cj i '
eis eacn year per acre, jveu.ier
; nitrate 01 soua nor ammonia sans,
witn superpnospnate aioue, were
used in the experiments
y U id
ieeapiiulate: The average
tii i .iT, r
pei acre during
was as follows:
! No manure
! Superpho. . li:ite
91 bushels per acre
Superphci'! ' te ft
: pot ish. el" 170
Nitrate of soda
alone 132 j
! Superrb- ;-phate &
j potash, etc.. and
nitrate of soda... 310
So far as these experiments go,
tlierefure we u,ay y tbat potash
,,noa nf ,w.rHU,1!lf,v;i1i nfnotn.
(ln(1R ,.nfi ill(.,Hlwn ,i1H vi,,i(i 0f nota-
1 1 to r., iH.r. ; f,jr vears out
, tatoes. in iacr, in n.ur y ears oul
of eight, namely iu 1S7D, 1880, 1S82
, ,i n,Q ..1,1 ,-vi,rtC,i,arn
7U J ""'"""'""j
alone was greater than from super-!
phosphate and potash. A hen
nitrogen is added, then we have a ;
larger crop, but there is UO proof,
SO far as I can see, that nitrogen ;
and phosphate without potash ;
would not have given a lar;
No doubt, as Sir John sas.
potato must have potash."' What
we want to know is whether the
soil does not contain enough potash
to produce a good crop of potatoes,
provided there is sufficient availa
ble nitrogen and phosphoric acid.
I am inclined to think that where
we depend on barn-yard manure or
. clover or grass sod to furnish nitro-
gen for the po'.atoes, we do not need
to use potash our manure or sod
furnishing relatively more potash
than niti ogcii. But should we de
nitrate of soda it sails of
v. e should soon lind. as St.
-. that --potatoes must
ash." bur will not the soil
; t in phosphate before it
i:l in' potash ? IoseI'II
ii 1,'ttral y ic- Yorker.
' "mewall Items.
. I niTu. is on a
friend.- in Paia-
: . mi"
in this .!;.
reu- e Mllit
!.i .:;il I:
the hacpy re
It i- n . t the
. s, :;'s ''r.-. k.
. ca d en !a-t
k I. am- ivcie
: - a hu'y on
tir-t that as
il : y.l ci a t.i e
tir-t iy ai v I'-o.iii
Mr J..s. M : .
- "f e-ar t
.' 1 .. i.,y ,.; -..
I.- .. W. I :.::.
-.erlin-; a t '.riae;
'i'nur.l.i v iu th is
i vt-r in i'aiii . a-
n.-s i iv el
slii. 1 hi:
I .an net t .
lav r... in
i v l i :
w 1 1 .
. ll 1 e
: n .
. arc- b
. of thr
sa n' e
. o'.,.-un; .ti. ai h is
laintt. in ctlier i
Washington, Dec. 7. The Sig
nal Service station at Chincoteague
reports that the three-masted
schooner Margaret A. May, bonnd
to Baltimore from the South with a
cargo of lumber, camo ashore three
miles north of North Beach life
saviDg station, Maryland, at 10
o'clock last night. The crew of
eight men were rescued by the life
saving crew at G o'clock this morn
ing. The schooners master is L
arvis, and her owners are Jona
iuau may oons, 01 ruiiaeipnia,
Potjghkeepsie, Dec. 7. Heavy
winds prevailed east of here last
night. At the Alteram lead mines
the wind blew a freight car from
the side track on to the main track
of the Ponghkeepsie, Hartford and
Boston Eailroad. The eastward-
bound train ran into and demolished
it. The engine of the train was
thrown from the track. Nobody
JUITTLE KOCK, Uec. I.
. Dec 7. At, 101
iasc nignt a passenger train on the
Little liock, Mississippi river and
j Texas Railroad, coming this way,
when three miles below Little Eock,
was stopped by five masked rob-
hers, who switched the train, took
complete possession, and went
i thronpli ml the rasspnrftrH. flon.
ductor liice and Express Messenger
Honevcutt ' were in the ' baggage
oar. The robbers opened fire as
thev went toward the engine, and
, both men were covered by revolvers,
About seventy-five nasseneers were
i tlie carS) and great excitement
, then went to work. They broke
j onn tilfi p-enrpss, safe, and nc.c.orrl-
. A r
aro in pursuit. The train arrived
afc Little Eoek at about 11J.
Washinotok. Dec. 9. A rPHolnt.inn
has been presented by a number of rep
resentatives, providing for the adjourn
ment of Congress from the 20th inst. to
the 2Sth prox. It has not been acted
uPn' however, by the ways and means
committee from which the resoiution
ZlX, f" XT: ' X
'In a en h.nommirraa o nnMnlA r r
in the Ohio October election, wiilot
meet until Fridav. Commissioner Dud
ley will be subpoenaed to appear before
the committee before it leaves for Ohio.
A sub-committee has agreed to favorably
report to the House committee on In
dian affairs the Senate bill providing
fof the allotment of lands in severalty
to the Indians on various reservations
and extending; the protection of the laws
of States and Territories over the In
dians. A number of Congressmen are moving
j to secure legislation at the present ses-
sum of Congress for the relief of whis
. . . .
i y dealers, u -00
, . ' . r , s.
the adjournment of Congress in Julv a
; large quantity of whiskey has been ex-
ported and it is asserted that by this
exportation the government has lost sev-
1 eral million dollars. The proposition is
I lJ UdVC U1C OCVI CLI J JL Ll.O Lit tL."MJ 1
point out to Congress the I033 that the
government is sustaining by the expor-
i tation of whisky and to request that leg-
islative action be taken as a remedy.
The whisky dealers desired a practical
extension of the bonded period for nine
months. Instead of being compelled to
export their liquor at the end of the ex
isting three years' bonded period, as
is now required if they export at
all, they propose to export the whisky
at the end of nine months there
after, and to give bond that the exporta-J
tlon shall take place at that time. In
i tne meantime cney nope mat me quan-
i tity of over-production will be reduced
i and that better prices can bo obtained.
If the whisky remains in this country
tne g0vernmJent. they say, will secure a
tax which would be lost by exportation,
Washington, Dec. 9. Representative
Follet expresses his determination to
contest the election of Mr. Butterworth
a seat in the 49th Congress as a rep-
Shenandoah. Pa.. Dec. 9. Early this
morning three blocks of houses at Treu
ton. a small mining patch near here,
were totalb- Luroed. Six persons,
Thus. Barlow, Ids wife and three chil
dren, and a border, named Fitzgerald,
were burred to death. Only one of the
Barluw family, a child live years old,
LONl'OX. Dee. U. Captain Dudley and
mate, ol too wrcs-ked yacht Jaignonette
who ia.i.ii ! ruilty
f murder in the ,
L ii 1 in oi if... Uwj- Parker, for food to
keep themselves alive, were to-day sen
ttneed to den", h. It is believed that they
will be cert.'.iniy pardoned.
Lvnckbl no. Va., Dec. 9. Charlie B.
Palmer, a gambler and bad character,
of Chatham. Pittsylvania county, while
on a carcase at S.-ie yesterday, accosted
Wm. Aikers. with whom he had had an
altercati'.n before, and commenced
shooting I'-t him. Several sliots took
elfeCC, and Aikers soon died Palmer
then beat au iiioitVn-ive negro nearly
to de-ith. afler which helled. A posse
of citizen.- have been searching for l.im
a'i day. but without success. They are
greatly iiv.'t'i.si d. and will 1 rol.ably
h in h ;t.,. near lerer if caught. Al
e..rs . !' aire. I'ii'.na-r has
..ic- throiicheat this se
ll, r and desperado.
. i ' . . I h e. a. In tie; 1. v'-
A'ade lllinitvli i'a:
Si.ilc- Si r ati.r a his ov. n
eivmr- th.e entire Vnte of
tilth' I .Ce.li"il "! till' e
tion as a swii
C !.VM! I.V.
i-latur-' t .-.!
1 epi e-
hv .-.J.-I.-.l '
in of t
; ti a
I i v.
in n.i 1 1
. t T
e. I 1
a i r
n i nia
ten d i.
t'n ill the Wert to Ch itt.unvga and
southwestern points and the rates have
be.-r. lowered 43 per cent on grain,
meat, llour, etc., from Chicago to C.'hat
tanocea. It is believed that the new
rate will be ratified by the Southern
steamship and railway association, and .
wri I become pool rate, i
THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD.
- i The Srrmo" ,y ""ho. 'ir Tur-
The Edentoa street church had need
of its new building yesterday; for the
congregation that assembled to hear
Bishop Lewis Parker filled both room
of the building now in use.
The Bishop wears a full beard, whjch
is streaked with gray. He has a strong
face, almost stern in fact, and at once
makes the impression of a man of a good
deal of power. He is a plain preacher.
He has no mannerism, but .drives
straight forward to his point.
riis text was II Cor., IV w-'For
- ' God, who commanded the lightto.sbine
out oi ine aaritnesH. ootn Bhines ,c our j
hearts, to give the light of the knowis
edge of the glory of God in the face of
Jesus Christ. " !
The spiritual light of Christ was his
subject. ''You may look into the faea
of Nature," he said, '"and find no an
swer there to the'everlasting inquiry, If
a man sin nov may he find pardon?
xou may look into all human faces,
however great be their sympathy, you
find no help. But the spiritual light of
tne universe is the face of Cnnst
which outshines the material sun. and
which excited the curiosity of the1 very
angeis. ynrist, 1 snouia say, is toe one
absolute and eternal satisfaction which
a longing soul in God's universe finds
auu hib ouij one. ',i t ;
The sermon was nearlv an hour Ion.
but was listened to with the greatest, at
tention by the large audience; and near
its conclusion the preacher himself and
many or the congregation were over
come with tears J Among the com man-
i cants were several very old people who
can seldom go to church Miss Sarah
Reese and Mrs. Nancy Tucker among
otners. Alter .the service liov. Jarvia,
u-en. Mooerts, ana otner prominent fen
tlemen present, Shook hands with the
Bishop Parker dined yesterday with
Rev. Mr. Norman, and preaobed last
night at the- Person- street churchr lis
has expressed himself, in very ooniIi-
mentary terms abouttho North Carolina
Conference. He will leave the eitji to
morrow. Atate yflrpmwe-;.;.
KCTMBER . ' '
Editor JouiAt,-The task you have
set me is a heavy one, and , will hare- to
be done by installments. -a:
1 will begin by explaining the damage
done the farming interest by itsvfriendg'
In ordinary business no man expects
to set up shop without capital or money
to furnish it. .t - , '
But in farming, as soon as a man be
comes too idle to be a good laborer, lie
must be set up in - farming. H has no
trouble, in renting land and buildings;
lie nas no trouoia in baying a none or
mule on time, because he has rented
the land; he has no trouble in, getting
supplies irom a mercnant, ror ne nas
already rented land and bought a horse.
But it is all done on his bare promise to
maKe a good crop ana pay up. . ,
The result is, a farm hand who' Was
already getting a 'little slacki is eon-;
firmed hi' his idleness; spending most of
his time in talk, calling it "iittendina to
a little business.", A. good pieco, of
farm, land is neglected; the fences get
down, "the loos hogs get ,rn and get
hurt,-" and thM makes trouble in the
land. ') - V'.;;-
A horse-or' mule dies or -becomes too
much , "run down to recover, and the
merchant loses his hill, and all because
people will not recognize farming as 4
business, liable to the usual . 'business
rules. .i ' - -
This is ' the principal reason for the
lack; pf . tmprovemeiit-in the Country.
But a few more years like the. past .and
present will regulate it; if in no other
way, by reducing the surplus of tho.e
who eet irresponsible1 men up in the
business of farming. " ' '
An empty house is better- than a had
iii t, : uni. .,
than $200 on me whTchVou
don't iret. '
You had better sell goods for cash
than put on 80 to 60 per cent for fall
lime and get nothing,
N. B. If you have not' sown , oats,
sow them. Mine are up and growing.
Washington, Dec. 10. The depart
ment of agriculture reports to day the
prices of farm products in the home
markets. The tendency to a general
decline of prices appears to have de
pressed values somewhat, aside from
the abundant - supply. The average
price of corn is 86i cents, which is one
ceut lower than the average for 879,
when the supply in proportion to the
population was quite as large. . It has
been lower but twice in ten years; in
1877-:78, after two previousj years of
abundance. It is the highest in Florida,
80 cents per bushel; and the lowest
pi ice is 18 cents in Nebraska; Kansas 22,
Iowa 23, Missouri 36, Illinois and Min
nesota 81, Indiana and Mississippi 84,
Michigan 40, Ohio 41, Kentucky 43. It
is 53 in Pennsylvania, 54 in New Jersev
and 60 in New York. The ruage of
values in the South Atlantic States is
from 36 in Delaware to 73 in South Car
olina, and 80 in Florida, increasing in
the order of movement, except that
Georgia reports 66 cents; in .the more
Western States 54 in Tennessee; 61 in
Alabama: 62 in Mississippi and Texas,
and 67 in Louisiana. The average farm
price of wheat is 65 cents per bushel,
against 91 cents last December. The
December price in thirteen years has
previously been below one dollar per
bufihel bnt live times in 1874,
1878, 1880, 1S82 and 1883. The
vpr.i-e in Nebraska is 43 cents
ar, ;n Kansas- 4fi in Dakota: 50 in Min-
' nesota: 55 in Iowa; 62 in Missouri; 63 in
, in Illinois, 07 in Indiana; 74 in Michigan,
i and 75 in Ohio. The average home- j
t grown wheat in New England exceed
! one dollar: in New York it is 85 cents; j
in Pennsylvania 86. It is 80 cents in
: Virginia and 83 in Maryland. The
' average value of oats is 28 cents, against ;
' 33 cents last December, and 37 against i
35 in 1SS2 The present value is the j
lowest ever reported by the department. 1
The lowest State average is 19 cents, j
Iq Nebraska the highest is 60; in Florida, j
Iowa and Minnesota, 20 centH; Kansas'
22: Illinois 23: Indiana 27. nn.i Ohio 29.
The rane is from 42 to 60 in the South, i
Th plantation price of cotton re-j
ported ranges from 9 to Di per pound. '
It is 9 in Tennessee. Arkansas and
Texas. 9 cents and 1 mill, in Louisiana.
J cents and 2 mills in (leorgia, 9 cents
and 3 mills in the Carolinas and Yir
ui i i.
The average farm price of the entire
erop of potatoes is 40 cents per bushel.
The lowest is 25 cents, in Michigan. The
average in New York is 30 cents, 42 in
( hio. :t."r in Maryland. 34 in Illinois. 2
la hraa. t-t' m Nebr.tska.
Heath .f an liiiiiiii-ii t (iiizen of
'ar coinniunity lias been saddened
bv the announcement of the death of
Key. James Sprutit, 1). I)., of Ke.nnns
villi. Duplin county, which occurred
at his horn.- on Saturday night last,
ah ait 5 ..'clock, lleceased was born
near Kd i n bu rgh . and educated at the
I u:eisiiv of thai city. In 4o he
e .mie to tin- counli v. and has ever sin-e
be, n a t cm.1 .'iu of Keiiansvilli.. where.
1 in the pursuit ,f todchink: 1
and in performing
nn the (iutn'H of the
I'liii-tiiin ministry, he having been
f l . in 1 he t line of his ordiicitioii to Iur
death pastor of the 1'resby tei lan church
at K eiians il !e. Ir. Sprunt whs a
I rutin r oT the hit" Alex. Sprunt. of tins
city. He leaves a family of four daugh
ters and two sunn. During the late war
deceased was chaplain of the 20lh.NvC '
Infantry, and for many years was!
Register of Deeds for Duplin county, i
lie was widely known and greatly b
loved for his piety, his learning and all
those social qualities which go to make
n i liiiiiu li I iin iilii I man. ttar.
, .... - . .
jrtiom. rerfbolf kntro ' "U titer.
Largest Hotel En!cr;r:r
yi Amsrioartajutliat vhll fi:v--,.:
Nuw York oa boards (Ulp guliiK am...
llarn, III Utm early days oj nl(!mit ,.,
tf.n'iila, h IwMed tknt ot of U o
the rtwal bnd ure biuwelf. ilm1'.
in as oiwtlnat diMM b)r Uio ..
8iur Uien Mr. LwaX baa. roe....
AVKlt'n BxBftATA.UIU.1 la mxry .
cmc. ir.l he ba navr yet lircrd vt Ut ,
ure to rlle-f rdleJ nre
Sume y.-nrs ngone ot Mr. Llrl.A?r 1
. laboiorj lirulaed hi kf- Ovbig to !) '
tata of bJi blood, ang) MrofuUmr m. ,
orlampappeamd onlbvUiJttrad limb. )'
ribl Itching of tb Skin, trIUi buruinK u. I
darting palna tbrongli tlia lumji, .n lo I
alimoat Intolerable,. TUa lrg twrame '
fiioiulr enlarged, and ruoiiliig uU-en f .i n
dlftcliarglng great qnantlUea ot atr
offanatT mattqr. Xo treattnant l
armll onto tba-maa, r Mr.O,ELj( Ki.
tloa, vaa mptiKed Vltb Arca'ii Ki.
X1LLA, which allayed tba pala arid Irriu.
heeled lha aorea, removed tlta awcllln.
. bompleealy reltored the II nb to nee.
Ur, Lcuoio hupetaoaaUy nod
for athantnatlam with entire luffme ; m l,
after earefol cbeerraVlon, deelarn ihnt,
.hit belief,, there la bo medlcrna In (tie 1
equal to I" ier the eore ol liver lUorcUr,
'0ot, the effects ot hlghr llvlnc. '
Bheom, Soree EripUenat and all !!
various fbrms of Mood dlaeaafa.
all rhoraay dealra further erldeDoe In r.-ti 1
to the extraordlaary caratlre poeera f
Arxa'e BABSArAWU.1. to ace him jh-. .-..-ally
either at his Biaratnoih (Mean J ;..(.!,
Long Braaefa.o t the popular Ixlan.t Hotel,
Jroadvsjr, Zttk and 2Stb Streeta, New ) irk.
llf. UTLajTB'S fxteaalma knoe-lectiin of Vo
. good dose try thif uoequalled enxllrai .i . r
blood poteons enable him to glre Inqul
noeb, Valuable Information. . -
pr. J,C. Ayer A Co.,tAweII, f.Tasa." ,
Sotdby anbniggitt; ti, lis boitici f..t tx
' Professional- Cat da.
AT T O itS E Y -AT - I A VT ,
. )'' etfcajAyiI.ljiB. W, C, ''
Trtlojiln theOonntleeof Duplin, Lenoir .
Craven, Sanaa and Onalow.
Col le tlon M Claim a a pedal ty. y
s Correspondence aollolted. ,rt.r5wflra
' V. P.-H PE1LETIEII .
, "Tox.OCK:rvii.i.K. 1 .
-T.-'J.:- .,, ! Jsataa CMntr. If. '
Will pnteUestn the Courts ot Carteret, Jnna
Onalow and Craven. .
Special attenttnn rven loth collorO. n t
elalms, aad aetuirig ealat, 0 a 1 -
rA B'jhi; t j AT L A Y
Oflloeon CTaTen et'reet.l u'fitanly Hui1.0r g
neeroomer of Iotlook lumt- uov.i iy
Ct It:-THOMAS, Jr.,
Attornoy- "t" Xjaw, '
BS4UtyjRT,'N. a :-;- '
. Oflloeon oortier of Turoerfctid Front arte' .
Will practice - la Carteret and adjouuiif
oonntlea. . v - , -.. ' t, ,
Prompt attention Ao collection of elulim.
- .t,,V-sov4W-,r ..-..it-! - .
COUNSELLOR AT LAW. .'
Attenda alr Oie oourta.beld t New Berne,
NortaCerollDa. -''-. v';.. . , -
rHTuourar trDHun - pm
oiaima, ano-conrvyanf inn.
. CrJ ted suttee CoaaaoiaaioaaT.
Sept. 18th, llMi. .' . ; . ,
l' 4w' "
l: j.' iioous. ; , wa. je. cuaia .'
ATTOENK Y 3 , AT,LAT7,
, Kew Dorne,H,' jO,. . .'
W Ul praotlae 1 n the Otrurta of Carteret, Oral
Ten, CTreene, Bydev Jouee, Leuolr, Ui.duv
and Famlloo oonntlea, - ' ;
Alao in the Supreme Ooeirt at Raloliili and
the United .btaUta Courts at, ew httum and
Kaleith. J - .
OollecUng specialty,, -' aptdvtf
OBOBOS V. STKOHO. ' BAJT1SX . MT, y
',' ' ' Raleigh, f. O.T V. ' KJnut. -1, N. (J
STEOSTO & PERRY, t . ,
ATTORSmaV tCOl'SSELLCES 11 m r .
EtAvlflf formed ft eApartnrshlp for th
pracrtlceoftfaeJawlB Joiiee nooaty, will r u '
lariy attend iae eourie 01 tne aua.
attention paid to ooiieenmui.
r. at. stiuiuirs,
SIMM0R8 a MANLY,
. ATTOBNBY8 ATXAW. A' ,
... , 0 '
Will praetlee In theCoartSo Craven, Jrtfces, .
Onalow, Carteret, Pamlloo, Jnolr and Ude, .
and In the Federal Court at New Berne. . , , r
NaDWBKSJi; V. V '
Offlee on Craven etreet, between Tolloak
and Broad. prt7-dwty
Agent" and Bottler!'.!
. ... '
CJ I I 1TJ ATED ' ;
BEEGNER & EITGEL' -;;
xe-w T1TTT A
LAGER BEER .
New Derne, N. C.
. -e .
This beer txk premiums St the Gen
lennial Exhibition at Philadelphia En '
the Paris Exposition. Keepa better th'
s, and it f
o v. t '
any other in warm climates,
favorite brand wherever knows.
For sale in kegs or crate. j
A A 1 li 1pI III Dir VOrKl loN
UF , m U I ninkfl th clothe vt)lt i
wlll.otii HHl(lliiu or iHilllnx.
Il in tli' Im'hI B'Uip for Tollrt UM, 1
iieKti Mmoiiiii, Httxx mid mean.
II Ik Mm: h'Kl hurii fttr NtiOTlnsr. I
fHfv mrnHiTh hikI null, and prvvvn-'
HIli I'll f H Kill I'M K itrii. PurHi cfTOt
Pur, - H rii.K worm, am) lmlirwi
i anli. tw
wm L.. rl
s-- .ini .I....T frnii) tlw corner '
M liMle HD'I Moutll Vtv
A iH.r :o i li 4 same place yotr
Ckios. I '.me i .-(, i-ic., ol all k ll
In gri-Ht nrlet v Hi r-tall. a
Cotton Broker and Comic;
- The ltlBheat Prices G
. oildwtf V
C... . 1.. i..i...nl. I
r - -
i- a i erv , rf.. .
WMW V '
'."Z.i.M s f-v.l-J