IXDEPEXDEXT TIN" ALL TlilZNTO
;; I5I-1JNK. CRAVEN COUNTY, N. ( .. MARC
A Golden Ooportunit
Such i th aubjtau.-e -
yo. better to 1.vm the .r. m t CI
tlOl by procuring, f - "i m- v
(Md aob w k'. p p.e-itv : " 1
DQW' PRICES, whwa none : oar
Oar pflie this season are larger
frmib yom with first eUi.. newest lien ot
Dress Goods, Cloaks.
Blankets, Flannels. Domestics. Notions. &c.
Ee'dyrMade Clothing for all ages, in style and
:'. - FURNITURE! FURNITURE!
la jj quantity. t prices t.i it nr.' 1H
Il.ai: FoUisi Rockers, used to s-ll
this toeosnpart favorablj with thee titrur
WW am atoAkl with fiae sct. ..f Wilar M ir': '. - 1 a-.-
" Sttei parlor Hair Cloth and Plush Suit", Churs. Rogers, Lounj-s, e:.-.. to.
'CABPETS! CARPETS! all styles and qualities
W"atilt bJiI! the Well Reputed Zsifler Bros., and Bay r.tate
R-hr'ife A ; 'Leather Co. Shoes, the Celebrated Pearl Shirts, and
la feet enough goods of such great variety thit marly a.
aallalUri "ir le and at low price- v r! 'a---' yru.
Fail Wot to Cill Goods always
Come early, com lito.
Come when yru ni.iy.
We are ready to help y
To hear, to obey
Your whims and your '
Or some other d ir-.
To seek your p!
rrthe -NEXT THIRTY DAYS
" - yffr'a large Spring
S85sl,B I 885.
I XtenLTlllete all Fertilizing Purposes fand especially
JjSaUptaA. the growth of EARLY TRUCKS
- A trial fe all Uus U needed to con Tin c an v
POCOMOK2. and oar reference are the pijr.
patzooa geMrallr, throolVall the South.
" Th following are a tem pi many Teatim.-mi
C H. MajLDows Co , New Bnir. N. C.
r -, rXAB Bta I bar nacd POCOMOKK r r th
1 tm 1 aliwl lilli raaolta rroo It than any o t-.
iac riKalixa im1 rarjrr I xpct to nse
- s . .
f aaail mm f rT - at
tamuwati iwltar th
by th of No I IVruvlmi
IaCdFOOO)fOKE aopcr-i,hOJpl.a!? t:-.
1 Bariel apd think tt i J ie . ::
and amluacottoa m&tare earlier
llapptlad POOD MOKE at tt rate of
iir tiilanf iranntrt-)TT'----
m a Pnecaaoka waa osd.
E. H. MEAD0W3 & CO-,
PRKEMAN. LLOYD. M
In oHirtrtuiii r.-r nnSir ' s -
ar sales, ctr , o-
v-)a. a ! a n it ta 't 1
Only Thirty Days
, ..a ii T-rt -ai
MSfi- SEMINAL PASTIUiS
T lLaar.1 - J 1 mM mn 1 TW im
lirl uUnM d.rmTi srtn u CS f-i I
' Jha f-i i i jots'. -n.
awftanaad ftui Kali ft'rraiOi 1 s j---
Ti I a aa.. Twi frw tiM mxrxr oocn
naili kr IiWiamtiHautiKo-T-oar :v. 3
W mrxmm fi-M lmiamem. w -. .s : T--i ! :-
FStA L r iCTC Ifl8 TKTK w::n 1IW I r.-.- ... a-
inu o unco. Ooui n j,
And keep 0;' KLtH K. n 1 1 - . ' 1 t 1 1 - 1 . r - , i . : , .
MOLASsIA SAhT. TOlSAttO, M I I' AM (K.Vi.s, .1;
t-errthlna4i tk GKOIT'.KV 1.IM , a Fi l l. STOCK aiula
l&W fifyVJ rcr cash
L-ii do not buy our
: ' ' l.' u
n ?? t: m '- . - : u
v r -v. - :
ir : l" '
: : A .
than it any tim
at $1 '"'. n a- , .
your wnts .'in
Shown With Pleasure.
if : r w II n " v o r : : r . .
iIliviiH-1 it py u.
Sign of The Celebrated Pearl Shirt.
and WINTER STO;
he wants to make rom
and .Summer Stock.
AT ASA J OSES' OI.l S7A.r
ne f t li r unriral'.
a-r-i uf thin section .
t '!'.:..' ear
my tri. k
: 1 ' .-rop
t. - - i to
: u- ii t. i;
1 r u y .
-. of I'oO. Mo
K--v Y.uul SUI
1 : 1 11 ' a 5-
r t . a n anv t - r
r line,!, ,-ors.- ;
LI K v. l r;-.i
1. y .
:n rouii.i .
. ihe acre I make
'.I-.e sr.ix-k -a
ii liKAV. ni"
three k- ;.,
Aeents, New Berno
ASON V DKYDl'N, M f 1 s
tsluminT :-.sn :.
HAi!R'" REMEDY CO.
: khl. Ji. r 'o i
, Mc : Cumis-,
s a ,
bJ l J O W U w
1 ID till lit
the:?, former stai.d.
Car M-s. - Iri
Br , - " - s 5F- .'"-,
. 3 ii ir bit aT ai w v -t
.'. sort mi
j s 1 1 k
k 1 1 1
: 1 1 1 v
Ins a ( 1 1 n i reil so much
caused so Hindi do
111 1 .VlV.OV.llll'i1, but IT
t .i e itiou n tain w li i c h
.i 1 'Hi : .: y i a grca t
1 1 -
i i 1 1 1 1 1 1 l; i i i i . ; t
i . -: .t i.lfs do w n
i :n.i!l a ,il
.i,:lit is resisted
df .! t he cut. and
ci .1 :ipw,ird und
; , in. ne resembling
in. in the level
At this tirae
. e I ; i lirtd tu'et)
id e were com .
rt i,ce and change
a large number
.illation, the con
large part, built
d its deep cut.,
and bridged its
ir t he mi form ol
is 1 1 ood sa s of
; iiinii.il po
: .: s. -. ij, h , ve : n
he r. ..id ee tv.lt
icred i: tunnels.
ii,om. They wt
1- .;;y M i: : Mel "
'. -it amid- tr.'-cn. like M Paul
: r.- f,-rty tlp.s. say - n ."
In convenient nearness is the vig
ilant guard encouraging their m
d i-;ry by the ariruiiient d a trlit
te i i n g n tie. l li-c.i.;nn a II y a ; I u.-ty ."
whose term of service has nearly
expired, and who-., interest it is
therefore not to eseaH may be
seen running on socie tram, or
o'h.'iwise outside the surveillance
of t he guard.
As we move on our road is still a
heavy ascending grade. Onward
we go, along t he skirt of thai moun
tain, through deep cuts in its rock
ribbed side, sometimes upon a nar
row terrace on one side the dark,
rough mountain side sloping
abruptly skyward, on the
covered n;;h Iragincuts broken in
exoarating the toad-bed andjstretch
mg tar down, down into a deep
re a swift gliding tream
1 glistens in the sun-
nie Conductor Newland
to the place where n year
; .re, by a singular acci
u.is buried alive very
.: i aacereiiionioiisly. He
; a party of excursionists
; - r .on of t he roail
: live cars heavily
;a the excaratnni above.
d loose by some incar-'
1 with a purpose of re
1 indiscriminate slaughter.
, t v ; : t as an arrow, i
:g do-.v:. the steep grade,
w.is on ; lie rngine. The1
ne iha t MmuUaneously,
s , g 1 1 .. t the approaching
:i-a in a ! "a clean breach"
i tigaie, and completely
:n under t he rocks an I de- :
v. as taken out insensible,
iii.eil so lor two hours, but
lite and climbed back to'
1 r i r, g the scars ot 1
wounds. The cars were -ashed
up. but no one else
A brit I sji.ice new brings us to
th.e -I'.ig Tn ii ne 1" the Swanannoa.
l.n.s is t ae cii 111 .1 x of t his great en
' : prtse ot road bmldiug, the point j
" h . li to reach and overcome
ii is t.ied the invention, and euergy !
ai d resources of its engineers and'
pi ejectors Since we entered upon j
the track ot this road at Salisbury j
' r way has been up and still up-1
1. hour by hour, and station by
1. ' ii ia re we reach its cul-1
.." in elevation of nearly;
.--.-ve:. hund.ed feet. Sincel
: k oi construction was en-1
1 I!"-:!. I'iu' obstacle after an- -1
, ....s been surmounted tbey ;
o . : , 1 ill
through, or around, or 1
ul'ies till here further
'eins barted bv the huge i
bulk of the mountain, projected
siuareiv across their way. and ris
tng dct.an'lv two hundred andfiftv
11 a v e
t up lie
s el and
' -' v
on st 1 n
SV , IlilOWS
the lamps light
limine pushes as
. si.lW .St;
enter we see
, 11. p
s . a . .
1 n g
t ; :. It i-:
.Hl.l H-:n; t
k l dogs.
r i , i
t : hi
sva !1 .III I.
im unit .i . ii
!..r a i n op
's in irgu ii .
.. t .i ip.u ;
' ' 1 1 r rii. J 1'r..ui i i.i'.i i.
I ii pa :ii:y a mi i d . r.
And uparkit". cut :inu
To bicker d iwn the
It murmurs under n.
In brambly wil.lerr.ii
It linerrt by the -i:u'.
A mi luilers rcu n ,i t 1 n
I : e h at :.ts cv
I:i ,::t:.- ., i :
U I ,:!.!.,. - ir.t.. . u,
A r,d babbles , n ; I,.- j..
l-'recjueiit ly do .
rocky or judd d 'd.o :
he seen ' hrou'li its ci.
seldom are we so l.u
we can hear its Lipping
it)Ks Its banks .ire
trees and shrubs m
variety, sometimes tlm
again a thinner growth
rotu it. .but
and d. ch
. and hoe,
and there a tree thrusting its huge
1 trunk a hundred feet skyward, and
then a mass of evergreens, densely
compacted, and curiously inter
woven. I am moved to mention here the
surprise of my pardtier" a' the
unevenness of 'lie way. Kean d .1
he bad been on the very shoie ol
t he eastern coast, where the trend
f tho surface is barely sutlicietit to
determine tho direction ot the rain
fall, and coming to his liis' di-er
lation and experit-nce o! ii avi-!! :ng
in an unduait itig comriy. the s
and downs" might w, II ;iidi:ce a
new sensation. W c had been told
at the station that it was .1 "good
and level road;" .aid to those accus
tomed to going nrrr the mountains,
this road along the valley doubt
less seemed to be of a very easy
grade. Hut the valley is narrow
and crooked, and to save distance
the road, instead of following all
the sinuosities of the stream, fre
quently runs across t he bends and
in doing so goe a little way up the
side of the high hills or mountains
whose bases lie almost at the bank,
and descends again to nass for a
distance along the very edge of the
stream or perhaps to cross it. At
such a "crisis" he never failed to
exclaim in apparent disgust and
with a manner eminently dramatic:
) vps, this i.v a level road. ctly
As we ascend the valley
area on either side of our
ful river' becomes narrow till the
foundations of the hills seem to be
laid almost upon Its banks, and the
elevat ion with more prt 1
sides and rougher outline.
TH K HLAIR HIM.
The following ar.icle
Atlanta ('inli!uifii :s
accord with the position
the Jul'K.N'AL on the l'l
The Conxt it tt is one of
popular and influential p
the South, and it is wit'i
t he in
I he. is
that we see it exerci.sing good m-iis,-ou
this important .p.'.estion;
About forty nine j 1 , 1 cent ol the
people ot this Stat e c ' n not read and
write;ouly three percent ot the peo
pie ol Iowa are illiterate to mat ex
tent. The illiteracy ot I'eorgi.i is a
result of the war. so t.u . at least, as
the citi.en hip ot cidoied people is
concerned. The pension charge is
also an incident ot the war. The
payment ot pensions is legitimate;
tho education 111 self defense of coti
gressmakers is alo legitimate.
Now, while Cieorgia is heavily taxed
to pay pensions to the ex soldiers
of Iowa, why should not Iowa be
lightly taxed to educate the people
that Iowa assisted iu turning into
citizens? Or, rather, why should
the people ot Georgia object, under
the circumstances, to government
aid in educating the great mass ot
illiterates that are entitled to ail the
rights of citizenshii under the four
teenth amendment ? t
Th:8 is eminently a practicd 1
question. The people of t he Sou: h (
ern Spates are wholly equal to tin-
task ol educating the white ci
dren: but the war left a burden
the colored children that l.e ; : .
ent resoiirct's of the South c:ti
fairly cope with. I ! w c ia-p 1 ;
sentiments or allcgcil i-.!i':r:r:.:
grounds the si:ai tin' 1-- piotV :
111 the I'.lair bill si-seioy s,-.
million doll, u where will the
SpollSlblllty lie I.T t'.c poj .,:;;,
Hon of the v.i-t a: :i. ot el.:!.::
now ready lor s, ':r , '. '.
will clai m t ha t an v - ... :n St,
lo, k at th;
by "State ,
There w :'.;
ii n: 111 pa ; 1 a
batna w , o;
:s a tei; :'
it a r
tVl -els ;ti
11 s' 1 lie I!
; p.- w .
sing our Pariial Hi p .rl of 1 lie Suiorintt anient
with an of 1'iihlic 1 listrucl ioe .
to cs f.!,; lit n.-ii. A. M. .S.i...
''" ' i a 1 nut 0 1 ' A'c)7 h Ciiiolinn :
Sll;: lnle 1 am rcouiied to
make only biennial reports, I deem
it pi ei now to state to your Tlx
1 celleliey bi lelly some I acts coll 11 ec t
ed with the operation id the public
school systeni during the year end
mg November .'ioth, 18S., and to
compare that year with the preced
ing year. The following compara
tive statistics will serve to give, at
least, a general insight into the
piogro-s we are making, and. I
: 1 us', will be of public interest. In
.11 living at these figures. 111 all
cases in which the reports for
either y ear wt-te not full, because
of t he failure of county superintend
ents and county treasure! tore
port. 1 used the reports of the vear
next preceding. In this way, while
lor a tew counties there is not accuracy-,
the approximation is so
near to the truth, that the figures
can be relied on.
It wiil be observed that there
was ;in 1 nci ease in the receipts from
ordin.uy taxation amounting to
?" 1 .(i'.hi.oS 1 fifty one thousand six
hundred and ninety three oS UK)
dollars, and that there was a cor
responding increase in the average
length ot school terms of about one
week l..r hot h races.
It will be noticed also, that the
census, enrollment, and average
attendance increased very nearly
t he s.i me.
)ut ol o ;u, 1 l'7 children between
the ages of six and twenty-one L"J8.
l'.o attended the public schools last
year. If we would add to this the
number 111 private schools within
t he school age. the whole number
attending school would probably be
increased to .".jo.uoo. When we
consider the fact that quite a large
number of small children within
the school age do not go to school,
and that quite a large number of
older ones drop out of school before
t hey reach t he age of twenty one,
the fact appears that a very large
proportion of the children are get
ting at least some education.
"ne ot the lamentable considera
tions is that so many of the poorest
pvople do not avail themselves of
the facilities afforded them. If in
fluential men 111 the respective
neighborhoods would encourage
such people by advice anil other
wise, many could be iinluced to send
their children to school. "Both the
Normal School and Institute statis
tics show large attendance and im-'
ply. what is the truth, that the i
teachers arc improving. Our Nor
mal schools and County Institutes
and the Teachers' Assembly are in
spiring the teachers with a high
ideal, and are doing great good.
W hile quite a number ot school
houses have been built during the
sear, the figures show that the val
uation of school property is very
small, and that the State is sadly
deficient 111 this item of prime im
portance. The statistics on this
subject do not include graded school
property. Many of the graded
school-, have excellent, well-nr-raiig,
d and w ell lurnished build-
The ss iiule amount of money raised
by ordinary taxatiou in 1&S was
i'31,!U)4.oSi six hundred ami thirty
one t housand uiuc hundred and four
doilars and thirty eight cents. This
amount does not iuclude at least a
part of the luuds raised under au
thority of special acts ofxVssembly
in support of graded schools. The
system of reporting is such that it
is impossible in some cases to sepa
rate these special funds from the
I have not been able to get full
statistics of the graded schools, but
1 can safely state that these schools
are managed by live, progressive
men. both as to their local Hoards
and superintendents, and that they
are doi pg great good.
I'l'-'ii the whole, our educational
outlook :s encouraging in e-.ery as
pect except one. 'there is not
noiigh money -applied to meet the
constitutional obligation ot four
months' schooling. The Supreme
u;t his icceiitlv declared uncon-
.pal two statutes which had
is been relied on to increase
0111 revenues. Section L'o'.X) of The
1 to. as an. ended by Laws of lSSo,
s nc. s i d only within the limitation-
.1 fJ.'Oontiie poll, ami lib'?,'
1 1 1. s oi pi opt-rt y . 1 his fact will
1 . :;'!:; . it 1 ; poss 1 1 1 1 e ;n most counties
: a : ;.e co;iu-y commissioners to
lc 1 ,.:i additional tax to com nine
: . . -chooi pair months. The next
A-s, u.ihy will therefore base to
1 n!!-;iiri i in-question whether the
so luml shall be increased by 111-a-
,-.!!.' ti.e general levy in the
so;,..,; law. ,0 whether thoobliga
: . ' : i o 1 to..; n , op t lis' school 1 11 g sh all
ti -' - tnpli. d with.
I : 1 I. ai Assesstr.eut Act being
i'.e, I.:,-! unconstitutional, is not
tin , , e i s , ,: ,,1 to in terlere with t he
g:a'l.l .;.-...! operating under
s; e, : .1 ... ot Assembly ; but that
pics' ;, a w ,.1 icobab's be .brought
i on 1 t . aiul. .is in. , t
a s are : n ;
: : c s : 1 . .
t-s er tills Joes
y has e act ;va
. t : ' 1 I e s : s 1 1 a v 1
;ie ai .i.-pt'tlil-
k I ell. ci 1 m nr. -
a. : iv
N . ."
no I : - 1
-v : - . : -t the : . :
m- - : ::.r. e r m:-.- :.;
: - a .- : - :. . o n -t ar. t -. ; . i
r- f : , en t h 01 1 p g t ; 1 , .
- 111 , I K 1 t , 1 j peal t d to .0 s, 1 ;
1 : :f r a. I t .-ft off -1. a :
( ontrre si, .Hal Vi oi l,
Sena-.::. - ?: a - Mr. Pm
setting t .. . i i, 1
on the Ju ;,- - .::! !;
of the n 1 1 :'. . . . . . : . -. 1 i-
red f i:...t : . or. .-.
oilice . f I - i-i t . : r ;
ern Di a 1 . I .
dere.l t-, i ,- ; : .-, j
A'.'cor . ;:i..i :
is three . .- : . r
mnjorit v 1 ; i
At l:J.i o .- , . :; M
the Senate pi., . . ,t
of extvulii ! ,. a.,
agreed to ami ;
went into ex.-ca: i ,
At 2 in p. m. it.-
re-np -m d and 1
Senate a 1. 11,.' : y
Preside 11 1 bear; 1 h
Senate or :. .: .: -papers,
etc. . 1 :;
mem relating to : u-j
The I're.-idect 1.1I0
papers relating :
otlice are i,- t , -iti ;at
I 'lucuu.v in- 1 , , e s 1 .- I O . 1 ;
sending copies of them t.i ila- :
is a vigorous document and a l:a
The message was read at h-p,
traordmary stillness pre . a; 1 1;; 1;
tleor of the St nate ami the ,1
1 1 aid ne-s and c 1 arnes of ( l.i-i
Johnson's r, .. iing s, rved 1,0:
galleries that so in-1 hint; ui.u-;;
ntloat. and before the rea l;:,g w ;
pleted tlie galleiies were cr.o.vde
After the comi.leiing of thei
Mr. Harris saai-Mr. Tr,s:.i
move that the me.-r-age he pirn;
lie on the table.
Mr. Edmunds 'On that 1 a-i;
yeas and pays, and I do i.- t 1
that it sliall be laid c;
now, it I can help 1;.
Mr. Harris I ill move that ti.,- ,
sage be printed, if the S-n:.t- w;li a
me to amend my unit; n.
Mr. Edmunds Very well. 1 n
motion 1 t-boil Id like i.isiv a van d .
1 l.e L 11 air 1 he c. it- r 1 ;
see Harris n.i-v,-- !.,.; ; l.e m. -- e I ,.
Mr. Edmunds - I a-i 1 li at ; ' ; 1 f,-j-red
to tiie committ. e .at !:, .1 1 -iare.
Mr. Harris-I have 1...
Mr. Edmunds in u r, - . : 1 i -lieve
I have the il . r.
Mr. Harris I was n, t . .1,;:. t
terrupt the Senator.
Mr. Edmunds I merely v.-.-h ,.:v,i
word. I had no doubt that the S cater
from Tennessee did not w ish to cut oil
my remarks. I simply wish t ) remark
in moving to refer this communication
to the committee on the Judiciary, that
it has very vividly brought to my mind
the communication of Kmc; Charles I to
Parliament, in telling tiicm v. I. at in
conducting their alfairs thev ou-ht to
do and ought not to do. Ami I think I
am safe in saying that it is tho tirst time
in the history of the United States that
any President of the Unit d States lias
undertaken to interfere with the delib
erations of either House lI Cc ch-.-s n
questions pending before tn-.m. other
wise than by message? t n ti.o state of
the Union, which the Constitution com
mand him to make from time to time.
This message is devoted solely t the
question for the Senate itself. 111 regard
to itself, that it lias undcrcomideration.
I think it will strike reilecting people in
this county- as so me what extra., rd ma ry .
if, in these days of reform, anything at
all can be thought extraordinary. I
move that the message- tie referred to
the committee on the judiciary.
Mr. Harris 1", -r rcas that 1 mas
cot refer to here. I have r.
nor will I consent t . a d isc
questions mvolv, d in tin
this time. 1 move licit tie
printed and im up v. tm t
ing to the u n i v,-rsa! custom i f this L -d v.
when the subj -ct matter had r. j -at.-t
upon 1-v a c in-.nttiv. Ti.e S-n:t!..r
from Verm.. 1. 1 Mr. E bounds achiir
man of the com m it t, e on the Ju.'a-i ;ry.
has already hoi up a y..ur t.:ie an
elaborate rep rt tip-ui t!i-- i .,l o j. --
tions to wi.icii this ni -;s.'-' r- lers.
Hence my im ti.-n wu.a an . rdmai v 1..
lion, made here under c 1 1 --u m -t ,"c
which surround us at this mom.c-t.
Mr. Edmunds .,ft r , -1 ..:
Mr. Harris- I leave no earthly
tion to the message going to t , o
mittee on the Judiciary 1: th :
from Vermont Mr. Elmun-.- .'..-ir, s
it to go there: but it is 1:1. u -u d . 1 a. 1 e
the subject m .tier i f t'.c me: - io ,:is
a 1 ready been rep -rtoh a by t la- c t r
from Vermont, and ih- rf ;, m ac
cordance witii tin- u n 1 r. do m i -c-s . 1
this body. I moved that the m -s ,- ! -printed
and he upon th - tahl,-.
The Chair Too Scnat r fiam T
see t Harris move-, th it the m.-- .
printed and l:r up n th.-' ; ie.
Mr. Edmunds '. he Senut- r g.r. v ,i
to me an 1 I ma,
print and lie . :
: -ti- -a t
iter f r .. 1
1 it I-. :
a r fr-.i-d.
o refer ;
n 1 a.
exact sta;, ne
Mr. E liir.i::
f Win Tet'.I'.e--
nght to ini-v
table, pen i a;
I call f ,r t!;e
Mr. 11. im
print and to
that I j.,111 in
M;. H.,rr. -'
part v te
dl. !.- rg--r. 1.
L'em -cr.as ir.
me r r : im 11 1 v,
i la; r
; , r , 1 .
it 1 r;:
- rieramtis tobacco cio;,. mi : ,. in .iioiiolv
of t ho sugar crop and rice or- p. iheir
:re.a mineral ami manufacturing re--urcc.s
were rapidly developing. Why
ih. e di,Tereiico in the cost of labor alone
- otweeu tho South und f.e North was
iio-.iii to pay for tin; education of all
he ih'itcwiiea of the South. The gen-
ta! v.-1 lfare 1 laii.-e of in.- l '.-institution
. ,-Vi.i- contem plated ,-uoh seheines as
ii. is. It was public atniK-gi intj, with-
r.t any authority whatever.
Senator Riddlebergcr opposed the
AUis.-n amendment. It would giye
three dollars to colored children for
very dollar going to white children.
I: would destroy the bill and would de
stroy th. public pchoois of Virginia. He
aj pealed to the Republican party to
1 ..ashler what harm it was doing to the
red people, whom they were seeking
help. It would absolutely destroy all
ance ot their education, as the white
'pie would destrov the schol syBtem
;h which th" monev was to be
Mr. Hampton mhi he was a sincere ,
friend of the colored man and would be
very sorry to see the Allison amend
ment adopted. As it would do the
color. I people more harm than almost
anything that could be done. The'
white people of South Carolina, he said. ;
paid 0? per cent of tho school fund of
the State, leaving only C per cent to be j
ia;d by colored people; yet the consti
tution anH hire fif Ilia lola nrr ;a 1
that the school fund should be distrib
uted according to the number of chil
dren attending public schools.
,ur. lioar Bald tlie A lisonamrndmpnt !
syould be an invitation to the States
themselves to make discrimination in
laser ct white children. Tho truth1
micait as well be told namely, that
Senators were unwilling to trust tho
authorities of tho States with the ad
ministration of the fund. Tho Zich
Montgomery argument was the trouble
the argument that we could not trust
the American people.
'J ho debate lasted without interrup
tion until li o clock. The remaining
spea r. were Messrs. Hale. Harrison,
I'latt. Plair. Edmunds, Logan. Dolph
-ill Hoar. Several amendments were
; resented and ordered printed, svhen
the Senate adjourned.
H- ts;:. The morning hour expired
without action being reached upon any
measure. The House then went into
committee of tho Whole on tho Pension
Appropriation bill and general debate
Mr. 'Wilson. of V. Va., made a stirring
speech in reply to one made a few days
ago by Mr. Henderson, of Iowa, in
which he defended the Commissioner
of Pensions and retorted upon Mr. Hen
derson his charge that by their vote
upon the increase of w idows pensions
Southern members had unfurled again
the bloody shirt. He said that this had
been done by Mr. Henderson himself, in
the inference he drew from his analysis
of that vote, and by Mr. Boutelle, re
cently, in criticising Southern people for
raising a few modest monuments to their
friends who had died indefence of their
Mr. Materson, of Ind ., also defended
Commissioner Black and the House
Mr. Hammond, of Ga., ?aid that it had
been the principle of the Democratic
party svhen in power, that when a man
t ecame a Dublicomcer he might think
S juth had extra or : '
:.ail a monopoly of th
w hat he pleased, say what he pleased ! should always be the policy of the Re
and do what he pleased, but that his public to piiy generous pensions; but
services must be given to the publicand j there must be some economics and
not to his party. The President of the , statesmanly consideration both as to
United States stood today inviting the persons and the amount. It was not a
American people to come back to the ' matter of sentiment which must decide
Id paths and -'in them you shall lest." 1 the rate, but a matter of wise calcula
R. del ring to the question of widows' , tion. lie closed hia uniwh with nn oln-
pecsiuns. he said that that question had
been up a half dozen times since the
w . -a . but it had never been proposed to
ii.cica.se them until now. This fact
answered the argument of the gcntle
m in from Iowa, Henderson) when he
arraigned Southern members for voting
;nst the increase. Ihe stuff in his
:'ch that the Constitution had been
eked to protect that vote did not
d reply. The bitter gall against men
in he took daib' by the hand as his
nd.s did not need reply. The spirit
0' the speech, not only in manner but in
1 eld printed words, carried with the
c uidemnatiou of argument and needed
no more reply than when he consigned
the Confederates to hell, and then in-
un -.lied hell by a promise to go there
v. ith them. '"Laughter and applause.
Mr. Butterworth closed the debate in
a long speech full of humor and sar
casm , and generally ; very wide pf the
;. ouestion under consideration. It took
; n tht-svhole range of recent political
v. lN events, and partially dwelt upon the
1 ihio election.
.,, -S.t c:la the House adjourned tmd a
, t; I -, mrcratic caucus was announced for
r- . , t ;. is eve urn g.
11 '-" S;:n a i 1: March J. The chair laid te
:,t"! ' f- rc the Senate the President's message
' u:'' , ;: life treatment of Chinese iu the west,
''' already published. ReferteJ to the Com
, an coo.ce on l-'oreign Relations.
M r. Riddleberger offered a resolution.
;',; v. l.Uh was agreed to. requiring each
'' S i.ator to report to the Senate the name
1 ,-f hi- private seer, tary. In introducing
'- ti. res. lull. -11 Mr. Riddleberger said
ti.-t s, -me men were holding tickets of
.. :aiissi . hi to the Senate rloor who svould
' ' n 1 ,; t-e admitted to the parlors of gentle-r-J
'-: ;... ti if they wa. re known as Riddlebc-r-"
.: -r kuesv tl.-.m. Such tickets were so
. a d p. people ss i;o received no pay ex
. :: aamissii a to the Senate lloor to
- ... l.m.nl cenlieiiic-ti. to libel them in
' '. . r ; v. spap. is. Mr. It.,1 d lebe! ger
"7.!1-' .:! 1.- kia-iv ef ii c.iaj in point. "We
' ' -r . :. -sv what had he. n said iu the House
: .;. ,-.;: Mr. 1 ..el.- being on the lloor of
,; : . ii a-e. liea.-k.d if it were per
: r him R d J lebe rger to state
had n.-t b
c. lie had
va on the
- a Demo-
ti tii- r
. la w -i
1 s an 1
; a per v. li ) .
i on w inch t 1
nan having a
in the j ia 1 ,
-via t ar v t 1 a S
a: to secure
iickt t t j th.e
:dt -I capacity
nalor w inch
. r t , r r 1 1 o r v
was ailowed to make
whea a division had
been cail. d for. Th.e re?ponsi.;i:i:y was
between the Senator from Kansas and
the President , f the Senate, He (Rid
dlebcrger) had heard it said that what
, ever he said in the Senate was generally
"sat upon." He did not care for that,
however, since he knew he was right.
"I am struggling for the passage of this
bill," he said, " and am going to con
tinue that struggle under the rules of
the Senate, and you can't take from
that desk the book that ought to control
you and within it a rule that justifies
your ruling awhile ago. "
The President pro tempore began to
reply, but was interrupted by Mr. Rid
dleberger. The Chair again said the
Senator from Virginia will please not
interrupt the Chair. The Senator did
not call for a division or for the yeas
ana nays, but when the Senator from
Kansas (Plumb) was advancing an ar-
gument on the bill, the Senator from
Virginia (Riddleberger) then rose and
demanded a division. It was then too
late. The Chair says kindly, but firmly,
to the Senator from Virginia that he has
not sought to discriminate against him
in the slightest degree. He is mistaken
in that On the contrary, the Chair has
often done the reverse and appeals to
the Senator from Virginia to withdraw
that imputation, that the Chair had
ever discriminated against him or
sought to deprive him of his rights. The
point of order is overruled.
Mr. Riddleberger If the Chair will
' Fk rTsLl meu 1a not mean to 8.ay that I
, vi.a.i uiu uiBunuiiuaiea against me. i
imralWMjiDat tne cnair itselt did
nnl: enmnrolion V, ..-.!, ro r
.".L.,uu xu.c:i. IIVUHIH UI
laughter. That is exactly whit I meant
remarks the veas and
nays were ordered on the Dolph amend
ment, on which a viva voce vote had
been taken, and pending a call the Sen
ate went into executive session. When
the doors were reopened the Senate ad
journed. House. The Speaker laid before the
House the message of the President on
Chinese troubles, which was read by the
clerk, and referred to the committee on
The House consumed the morning
hour in committee of the whole in con
sideration of the bill authorizing the
appointment of a commission to carry
on tests of iron, steel and other struc
tural materials. Pending action, the
committee rose and then the House
again went into committee on the Pen
sion Appropriations bill.
Mr. Butterworth resumed his speech
which begun yesterday, and continued
in the same vein as yesterday, a general
range of political subjects without much
reference to the bill under discussion.
Mr. Norwood, of Ga.. made nn imni.
cal speech in reply to that delivered by
Mr. Henderson, of Iowa, some davs
since, ridiculing that gentleman's pro
session of friendship for the South; but
expressing his admiration for the man
ner in which he had decla imed the old
storv was as well known in that coun
try as "the boy stood on the V urning
deck. "or '-Mary had a little lamb"
Mr. Breckenridge, of Ky., guided the
discussion away from the channels of
politics into which it had flown and
brought it back to the consideration of
the general question of the pensions
system. He expressed himself in favor
quent peroration descriptive of the
beautiful cemetery at Lexington, which
contained grace of fathers and sons and
: brothers who had fallen in opposing
1 ranks in the terrific struggle of war
and of the peaceful lives of the descend
ants of those men who though they had
I been divided in sense of duty, had never
i been divided in their love. "As an
American representative," he said,
"treating of American questions, loving
, American people, denying that this is a
paternal government, denying that
taxes should be wrung from the people
'. except from necessity, I shall vote my
1 own convictions, treating with con-
tempt any effort to intimidate or any
purpose to misconstrue. Loud ap-
clause on the Demnnratir. sirln.l
Pending further action the committee
Mr. Bragg, of iWis.. reported the ! ern readers, of which it has been secur
Army Appropriation bill from the Mili- ing a good many.
tary committee, and it was rererred to ,
the Committee of the Whole.
M. PASTEUR'S SUCCESS.
Pahis, March 1. M. Pasteur has an
nounced to the Academy that his sys
tem of inoculation proved successfu Jin
323 cases of personis who had been bit
ten by mad dogs. In only one case did
the treatment result in failure.
PRESENTED TO THE QUEEN.
London, March 1. Mr. Edward
Phelps, United States Minister at the
Court of St. Jam9s, and his wife, were
today presented to Queen Victoria at
VOTINo TO EXPEL THE PRINCES.
Pai-is. March 1. The members com
posing the party of the Extreme Left in
the Chamber o'f Deputies met today to
adopt a line of action on the Droposed
measure for the expulsion of the French
princes. 31. Clemenceau was present.
By a vote of 40 to G the meeting favored
the immediate expulsion of the princes.
M- Clemenceau approved the meeting.
ll-.lsll MsTPESS pOVERNMENT RELIEF
WOPKS 1'KC-ri ABLY TO EE STARTED.
I.-'.Nn.,:,. March 1. Mr. Morley, chief
secretary for Ireland, in the House of
Commons this afternoon indicated, by
his answers 10 questions about the dis
tress in Ireland, that the government
would start relief works in all the
svt stern islands.
l. NDoN, March 1. Lord Randolph
I'hurcliill has written a letter to the
grand master of the Orangemen of Bel-
last, eulogizing last Mondays demon
strati "n in the writer's honor against
homo rule. Lord Randolph describe.
the demonstration as "imposing. " and
says he believes that "in the general
nature and scepe of its effect it will
1 nee unequalled by any other event in
:--- 'eiit political history.
-NoW-i'lVUM IX CHEAT piilTAI.N".
i.-.SLcX. March 1. A smiw-stclau pre
sails throughout Grt at Britain. In
many places the snow lias drifted in
great piles . n tlie railroad tracks, t-eri--
iusly linpe j mg tr.itlic. The sufferings
rrcatlv increased bv the
aiits ci.c. . y ing the Irish and
:;. ois are -1. iwed in at Rang r.
a r nars -
tlie heavy snow st- im
op the t-Wt tic?
vi I.-, .trd
A.. 1 d
, d lie
;, of tl
.e vote 11L,
1 1 T'i iii fav,
; that 1'aste
as : I t
March lent sav.
. ami 1;
- i r, ve
; with svli ich t'
fty thousand ('
ia t is in f avi
- la.ter ,-um.
1 j la
Va.. March n -
! U. -min ion i : on ami
ity lias been amiea i;
'mm itt ,-es of t he Kn .
ockhchi. rs Them,
at the old w agt .-.
so d lo
Wih- -r .-, l,:xtT! -iai:; hi elecario
I A CJr.-c-K pap- r is 1 b btaited shortly
; at Los Angeles California.
j One hundred and eighty more Chinese
have been driven from Oregon.
Trans -continental railroad companii-s
are stiil cutting freightrates.
Three hundred railroad laborers tre
on a strike at Fort Worth. Texas.
Erig. Gen. Alfred H. Terry is to be Ma-jsr-General
to succeed Hancock.
A ten thousand dollar race is booked
for the St. Louis races to come off June
On the Ontario and Western Railroad
atrainweDt through a bridge killing
Pssteur is now experimenting with the
curing of diphtheria and other diseases
The United States array and navy are
disputing about which shall have tho
management of the new torpedoes for
A bill has been introdueed in the New
York Legislature to prohibit the mar
riage of girls under 16 and boys undr 18
years of age.
A Canadian recently wrote to Presi
dent Cleveland asking how much it
would cost to take out a license to sell '
Germany proposes a new shirfrcanal
connecting the North Sea and the Baltic.
lt w . 1 be of ereat commercial and mili
pljnmr m;q v, i
- rc - , uccu completely
snowbound. The drifts were from
twenty to thirty feet high, blockading
all manner of transportation.
Young women belonging to a society
connected with St. Peter's Church in
Oskkosh have-publicly promised not to
dance round dances any more.
An Indiana juror got tired wkile the
I jury was out try ing to reach a verdict
in a uranc county case, so he crawled
out of a window, went home, and was
comfortably in l ed !.,- the Bheriff
found him. 1
A message was flashed last week
from New h r': to Loudon, thn hnrinn
a '.he dispatch transacted,
or received iu New York
minutes; the quickest time
Edison's patent3 have become so
numerous that they have a special series
of index or reference numbers in the
patent office the only case in which.
such reparation from the general index,
has been thought necessary.
The great gun works of Krubb in Ger
many are turning out more ordinance,
though peace reigns, than ever before
in its history. Turkey is giviDg the
largest patronage, followed by Greece
and then Servia.
Sullivan says lie has turned over
new leaf and that he will take good care
of himself preparatory to meeting Jem
Smith, England's champion. Sullivan
says that Smith is a much better man
than he is generally credited with.
President Cleveland's message to. the
Senate in regard to furnishing that
body with information about removals;
from office is an able document and a
complete vindication of his course. The
Republicans very naturally pronounce
it out of order.
One more victim is claimed by the
great falls of Niagra. He was a
stranger there, and while crawling over
some of the rocky cliffs above the falls,
'ost his footing and slipped into the
stream, from whence he was conveyed
over the falls.
Sec. Whitney has ordered Capt. Ches
ter of the V. S. steamer "Galena." at
Key WTest, to deliver to the U. S. Mar
shall at that place the steamer "City of
Mexico" which was seized on suspicion,
of being engaged in a filibustering expe
dition against Honduras.
The North German Llovd steamship
'"Eider" arrived in New York last week
with her decks and rigging completely
covered with ice, giving the appearance
of an ice berg. She had experienced
heavy weather and the ice that clung
to her weighed more than the cargo. :
The circulation of the New Yorfr '
TTorZd last Sunday reached 228,855. This
rapid rise in circulation is witho-at a
peer in the history, - .- f
American journalism, but the
tone thi3 paper "has seen fit. to
pursue toward the South recently is nos
1 calculated to further increase its south-
The Utica (N. Y.) Observer has re
ceived a returned letter that was sent
from its office over ten years ago. It
was directed to "G. C-. Gilbert. Esq.',
care of U. S. Consul. Lima. Peru."
Where it has been all this time, the
United States and Peruvian postage
stamps, with which the envelope ia
decorated, fail to tell.
Plaisted and Ross, two noted oarsmen. '
and fine swimmers also, say that their
proposition to row a lifeboat down the
rapids of Niagara next summer is not a
joke, as has been stated by some, bat
that they intend doing it, and as evi-
dence, they are now having a c aft built
: especially for the purpose. It will have
! air-tight compartments and will be bofc-
A bill has been introduced in the
House by AVolford of Kentucky to give
, to every soldier in the Confederate army.
1 who lo.-t a leg c.r arm in the svar, an ar-
1 tiHVi'.il leer rv rm n r the cvnianBO nf t.hA
Mr. uolford says: We
sote pensions to the soldiers that were
wounded by Confederate bullets, now
let us do tomethir.g for the soldiers
. wounded bv Union Liiiiets."
NLWS I5V Xi All.,
. U -roll t. Gov. Mc-:.---ii
ihe death warrants
nr.copg of Patrick Ford
hy on Friday, March 12,
tir? of 12 m. and 3 p. m.,
ci are of the parish prison
1 with in iht
.vi'LosioN or powder.
March 1. The dry-honse
of the Miami
Powder Company, near
Xemia. blew up this morning, killing
three men and blowing the building
and machinery to atoms. The shock
was di.-tmctly felt here alloverthe city.
There v., re 2,400 twenty-five pound
cakes in the house when the explosion
occurred. The, explosion was caused
by the explosion of th.e boiler used in
drying the powder. Th,- victims were
Henry l rankliu. Christy McCr.nn and
tc.iviNo ca r Tint i nixEsr
IV'I.tl.am.1. ''r.. March 1. Between
tw elil V
them : :
ana J o
nto squads of
. visii.-d the Chinese back;
and and Albina and drove
';.,. : v were ;:0 Chinese, all
iv on t; -d in wood chp
hhing. bene cf the men
and s' n'.e had their face
. i iie o'.h.e rs c.ad sacks over
wi;h 1;. I s for their eyes,
rm -d. Tlvv went to the
the 1 .-o were asleep
cut. ami ordered them to
;.a, ,.t .:,.---. The Chinese
- i-t ii,',., an1, allowed them
i riven to a 1 1 rrvboat. which.
- P, I
A fire that
icht i a the cotton
e W. Dale and Chas.
lie National steam-
k in N.u th river, did
1 c. ticn and the boats
at .-"1 o 0. The cotton.
1 e-'.i.u steamship dock
a d 10 the Guion line,
a number of shippers
a in various marine
allj ice 1 ah,
Ir.-.a 1 "liar
w ., e. - ilsje
wa- 11. sun