- . ---.'.. ' --' . - - . Wic
t :-jr s
- HI I I
m 9. new.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS.
KW BI-2RNE, CRAVEN COUNTY, N. C, D IX' EMBER la. 1887.
HAVE OPENED AND
Fall Stools, of
We endeavor to keep only
and will at all times soil at
We offer at wholesale,
P. LorUlj-d i Co 's tfuurK
Armour A Co.'s Provisions.
Hall Sur Lje and Potash.
Zieglar Bros. Fine Shoes.
Th Bay State Shoe and Leather C.'- sud Bo t.
The Celebrated fearl Shirts.
UaTTey's Did Tackahoe Tobacco,
Don. Tho. M. Holt's Alamwsce Plaids,
Ard a full line of General Merchandise
at Lowet Market Price.
WUbttu Good, hare MERIT o A QUALITY, tbey are lo
Cheaper in Fries than tficse cf
VV reaaght tki seuoo wilh a bigeer stock of goods than, we could
pi-tUp lundle at reeaUr pricea. therefore we have TAKEN OFF THE
PKOJTE " NOW CUTTIKG INTO THE JOST OF THE
Hon is Year Time to Secure Real Bargains!
Mcai Workim Pwt m low down as 50c.
Good warn OrerooaU for only f2 00.
SaiU of pretty fai material, only 4.00.
To aut our fine suits to apprtciate t b o Bargait.s in them; the
prioe ixw so low jou will wonder how tbey can be made tor the money ; tbe
tmti is they canot, bat they MUST BE SOLD, and soon too, no
matter what the price.
Ia all kinds of Goods we can give Bargains that cannot be pro
In Ladiea' WaJkin Jackets and Newmarkets, Shawls and all wool Blankets
aad Lp Boberwe are making Special Drives, "dJ they are going fast
U. A nice Walking Jacket for odIy $1.50 Men's Wool Hits it 25c.,
worth 50. Men'afine cloth Winter Hat?, oOc., worth t2.o0
Biggest line of Meo'a and Boy 'a Win rercape, of all stlee and prices, in
the eity, eome of them jut the thing for hunting, to be sold at half price.
Ldes' fine Button Shew a at 75c. and 1.0, good ones, we do not keep
Afullatoekof Our NOW Celebrated $3.50 Men s Shoes again on
hand. A 111 guarantee giTt with erery pair.
We hare taie eaoo the largest and moet tactful atsortment of 'eckwear
we hare Ter had. A fine itlk lined gcaxf, new hap. for 25c.
OUR 8T0CX OF UNDERWEAR is especially Urge. In order to
d'urpoee of it we are aelling it at HALF PBICF.
Elegant line of Supnder and braces. Handsome all silk Suspenders
with elaetie end, imported Engliah weba and Ecjfli?h end?. Also Gnyot'b
celebrated "Bretellea Hygieniques,'' an imported French Suspender.
Silk Viamliicfii ofaniaue designs and loTelv "hades, (ieotlemen
linen and cambric haadkereoiefs, colored borders and hem stitched.
2iot tpaee enough to enumerate all oar bargains and attricn r. Ha:
read good downright bargains call on
Jfext to L. El. Cutler, or at tbe Branch Store, lower corr. :r
of Federal Alley, in th Bishop Building
DAVID M. JOSES of Carteret and IAVID C'ANAUY of Oti8low
locking out for their friends and will treat them right.
FOR FALL TRADE
Li not very encouraging in our section, and for that reason we will offei
Special Inducements To The Cash Trade.
Larger Store, Larger Stock and Lower Prices!
In Cloth inc. see onr line of glO 00
SaiU for $9.00. Fnll line of Samples from liogers. 1 eet Lo.
Men's OTereoats from $ 2.50 up.
Oir lin of Children's Iouh and Tumble Snito w.ii n 't rip
flaU 25c up. Ik'ew Goods constantly arriving.
Oar Stock of Cnderwear is larger than ever before. An all-wooi Shirt
ior $1.00. Kiw lot Boys' Undershirt jur recrived. Meu's Canton Flannel
Drawer, all sisee.
We are hole. Assets for .lis
Means ct Co.'s and S'ac
Adams & Co.'s Shes. h- : .:.
Job lot Linen an i (.Vou!g:
Collars at 5c. each
Sample lot of Su-penders at
wholesale prices Men's Uan 1
kerehiefi 5e. np. Lot or t
and medinm c-jlortd Scarfs,
for a qaarter.
Sixteen rib Umbrellas, on;
Vlises and Bags just receiTed.
Caroets, Kaes. 1 d Cloth and
e member we have moved troo
zt to National Bank. Be tare
R. tJ. Duffy,
AKD DKALER IN ALL KlNDi OF
Surgical Appliances, Druggists' Sundries, &c,
GCIS3'8 PIONEKK BLOOD KtN'EWKK invaluable for tbe
core of KbcOEQ&iisos.
r-y Tjarwoiif. beat selected nnd cheapest line of FINK CIGARS in
fhob;ty 40,Pp0 jnt received.
Hikes a pecialty of SUPERIOR
MlS dir aortb-wetft eor- Middle
Bargains ! !
any other House in the
Corkscrew Cutaway '
ruti K s .
old s-an i
Se-: us b-f,
;h. Urge 15
Tkka HrKl Rah kt tt n i r
C UD Mi 1 mn il 1 . 4oa oak buit
mm, em tnam (si-a
mraiid ntdal prinrlpr. Br drrra
icmi oo lo (Jr. wt o I q n urn kik
roftl.i hmuoiTUjanrlmd. Tb
n MnMUotfiifr f.nn back, th pw
HAKRIS REMEDY CO., Mre CitnciT
Tnil Of our Appiianoe. ivuiiof Temui
WllUlcSitir 11 iiur cjti mnj i r.t vi
I. KrOBS for medicinal
rith care and dispatch.
I- - H
and Pollock sU., New Brne, X. C.
V fl.0 Full :.l.e Of T
Carrot I. :, inc.
THE FIRST (,RAT HlIR
And thou bast oome at last.
Thi.u baleful iue of the buried ) ears
Nad fruitage of the pact
R ot nurtured in a loam of hop 8 and
I hail the tnt I hate tbee. lurking
Thou fnet gray hair'
Th.ui ro't (ind oilken coil.
u milk wiii'.c b:osrctn iu a midr.ight
t r et- b !
Out frc m th.c ali n soil
pluck th.e i r 1 thine f.int lender-
Aslhrud" husbandniKU ujro ts the
Thou first Kra.v hair!
Of all the lltC? il ck
Thou art the oae to loathe and to
Die cheat within the shock.
The mold tht on the early harvest
The mildew .-n t'.e blossoms of
The first ray hair
And thou, th" Jud.is art.
The tattler of Oil Time, who dotii
The weary, worn out heart.
Er yet we dare to dream of iu decay
Thou art a bint of wre- k beyond repair
Thou first gray hair!
Jas Newton Matthews
THE rREIlEM'S MKSSVf.E.
The Congrct of the ntei St 'its :
You are confronted at the thresh
1 I of your legislative duties with
a condition ot the national finances
which 1 Lucratively demands im
mediate and careln! consideration.
The amount of money annu ills
exacted through the operation of
the present laws from the itidns
.tnes and necessities of the people
. largely exceeds the sum necessary
to meet the expenses of the govern
ment. When we consider that the
theory of our institutions guaran-!
tees to every crizeu tbe full enjo j
ment of all the fruit of his indu.-try
and enterprise with "nly such de
ductiou as may be his share to 1
wards the caretul aud economical
maintenance of the government,
which protects him. it is plain thar
tbe exaction of more than this is
indefensible extortion and a cnlo
asie betrayal ot American lairne-s ,
and justice. This wrong indicted
upon those who bear the burden ot
national taxation, like other
wrongs, multiplies a brood of evil
i consequences. Th iublie treasury,
i which should only exist as a con
j dim, conveying the people's tribu'e
I to irs legitimate object ot expeudi
! fures, Oecomes a hoarding place tm
: mouey needlessly withdrawn from
trade and the people's use, thu
cripplnig our natioual energies,
sasp-uding our country's develop
ment, preventing iuvetmeut in
prodactive enterprises, threnteni g
fluaucial di tnrbauce and inviting
schemes of public plunder. Thi
coudition of oar treasury is nor j
alrogetber new, and it has nmu
tbau once of late been siibmitreo
tt thu p!Opl'i repre-en t a 1 1 ves 11
the Congress, who alone can appl
a remedy, and yet the situation
still continues witu itgttrava-ed 111
culeuts more than ever presaging
financial convulsion and wide
spread disaster. It will not do to
neglect this situation because its
dangers are not now palpably im
miuent aud apparent. They exist
u 'lie the less certa nly and awaif
the unforeseen and unexpected oc
easion wben suddenly they will lu
precipitated upon us.
THK EXCKSS OF 11 K V K N t' E S
On the .'50: h day ot June.
the excess ot revenues over Hilda
expenditures, aftr cotnphing with
the annual reiiuiremeut of the
sinking fund, was ? 1 7 , S, . 7 . 5, j S 4 ;
during th ear ended dune 30.
lSSo such an excels amounted to
?4'J.40o,545 20. and during tln
ear ended June oO. livST. i'
reached the sum of 55 507, S4D i
The annual contribution to the
sinking lund during the three years
above speclhed. amounting 111 the
aggiegate to i 13A,VoS. .5'0 14 and
deducted from the siir;din a
ntated. was made by calling in for
that purpose outstanding three pel
cent, bonds ot the government.
During the six months prior to
Juue 30, 1S87, the surplus had
grown so large oy repeated accu
in 11I jriMti4 -iml if ti'irptl t lu-
w.dwl f tbs . ,
money needed by the people would
so effect the business of the coun
try that the sum of 71,Sb4.HwJ of ,
such sarplus was applied to the1
uay ment ot the priucipwl and in !
tereat of the three per cent, bonds
still oQLetandmg and which were
then payable at the option of the
government. The precarious con-
niion ol ffn a ncial affairs among the 1
o.-ople still ueedmg relief, im
mediately alter the oUth day id
dune, ls87. the remainder of 1 he
three per ceur. bonds then out-,
standing, amouuting, principal and '
mteiest, ro the sum id I S . 8 7 7 500.
were called in aud applied to the
-inking fund contribution tor the
cmrent fiscal y ear. Notwithstand
ing these operations of the Treas
ur Department representation.- of
distress in busitiess elides not only
continued but increased, and abso
lute peril seemed at hand. In these
circumstances the contribution to
riie sinking fund fur the -urrent
tisc-al year was at oru'f completed
by the expenditure of '?27,t)S-l.'JSo ,m
in the purchase of government
bonds not yet due bearing four and
fur and a half per cent, interest,
tbe premium paid thereon averag
ing about 24 per ceut. for the former
ind eigtit per cent for t he latter.
In addition to this the interest
accruing during the outstanding
bonded indebtedness of the govern
ment was to some extent antici
pated and the banks selected as
deitosito- les of public money were
perrnittted to somewhat increase
; heir deposits. While theexpedi
eiits thus employed to release to
the people the money lying idle in
the treasury served to avert im
mediate dangers our surplus reve
nues have continued to accumulate,
the excess for the preseut year
amounting on the first day o De
cern ter, to too. l!5-S,70 1.19. and esti
mared to reach the sum of jlll3.
000. bOU on the 30th day of June
next, at which date it is expected
that this sum added to prior ac
cummnlations will swell the snrplus
in the treasury to $140,000,000.
There seems to be no assurance
that with such a withdrawal from
use of the people's circulating
1 medium oar business commanity
may not 111 the near future he sub-
jrcted to the s. ane distress which
was quite lately produced from the
aine cause, and while the func
tions of our national treasury should
be lew and simple, and while its
nost condition would be reached, I
believe, by its entire disconnection
with private buii.e-s interests, yet
when, by a perversion ot its pur
po.-es, it ldh holds money uselessly
stilit ractrd from r lie channels of
trade, there ,-eein to reasons lor
the claim thr -oa e ipitnn.ite
means .should be d. ;-od liy he
k'overnuieir to les'oic in an etuer
t;eiic . without w.i-ii'nr extrava
g.itice, such money to r, s place
among the people. if sllch an
emergency arises there now exists
no clear and undoubted exeeut ive
ooei of relief. Heretofore the re
deinprion of three per ecu', bonds
th;rh were )iaab!cai the option
ot the government has offered a
means of the disbutscment of
the extess ot our revennes:
but ihf-se bonds i.ave all been
retirid and there are no bunds out
standing, the pamenf ot which we
have tl.e right in msit upon. The
con - 1 1 Im : ion to rhe si lii' f'liid
which Iuiui-lie the icci-loii tol
expenditure in the purchase of
bonds h is been alreadv made for
i he current ear, so that : hc-r e is
no outlook in that direction in the
present state ol legislation. Tiie
only p'eteuse of an existing exe
euttve power to restore at this tune
any part of our surplus revenues to
the people tn 11 s expenditure ton
sists 111 the supposition that the
'Secretary ot the Treasury may
eiiier the market aud purchase the
bonds ot the govei 11 men not yet
due at a ra'e of premium to be
1 agreed upon. The only provision
'of law from which such a power
; could be derived is totind 111 an
'appropriation hill pissed a number
ot years ago, and it is subject to
(he suspicion that it was intruded
as temporary and limited 111 its
application instead of conferring a
con 1 111 um g disc et too and an t tior lty.
No condition oughr to exist which
ould justify the giant ol power to
a single nflicia! upon his judgment
of its necessity to withhold liom
or release to the business of the
people, 111 an unusual manner,
money held in the treasury, and
thus affect , at his w 1 II, t ho ti n ancial
siiuition ot t he country, and if it is
deemed wise to lodge in the Secre-
ai y of t he Tr easiiry the aiirhoriry
111 the pi csen t j 11 net in e to purchase
ootids, it should be plainly vested
and provided as far as possible
wilh sin li chei ks and limitations
as will define this oflielal's light
t I me
1 It K
d lscr ei ion . and
at the same
m undue ie-
1 bilit .
' ! ' KS i 1
VV IU 'H.WNu
in ' b.s.
in the consider.:! 1. :i ol the pisr--loii
ol pur eh.is, j, : , . 1 s as a mea lis
oi resVot nig to 1 r ion t he siir-
,1.11s money acc r:.ul it ing 111 the
reasury it should 1 e borne in mind
that premiums must 01 course be
paid upon suc h pun base, that there
may be a large part of these bonds
neld as invest ments which cannot
te purchased at any price, and that
combinations among holders who
are willing to sell ma u n reason a ol 1
! enhance the cost of such bonds to
j the goveiumeut. I' has bteti siig
i jested that the present bonded dent
! might be refunded at a low iate of
' interest and the difference between
ihe old and new securities m cash,
thus liuding use for the surplus m
riie treasury. The success of this
I plan it is apparent must depend
upou the volition (d the holders ol
'the present bonds and it is not en
irely certain that the inducement
, which must be offered would result
111 more financial be,n-Iit to the
government linn the purchase of
bouds, while the latter proposition
would reduce the principal of the
debt by actual p iy ment instead of
extending it. 1 he proposition to
deposit the money held by the gov
ernment in bonds throughout the
(country for Use by the people is, it
seems to me, exceed : ugly objection
;.ible in principle, as establishing
1 too close a relationship bet wee 11 t he
opera'ioiis ot the government treas
' ury and the business ot the country
and too extensive a collection of
their money, thus fostering an un-
uatural reliance in private business
i on public funds. If this scheme
'should be adopted it should only be
! done as a temporary expedient to
. meet an urgent necessity. Legisla
live and executive effort should
generally b in the opposite direc
tion and should have a tendency to
dlo:ce as much at d ;i fas' as cau
safely be done, the Tieasiiry I'e
partincllt from private eiitelplisc.
Of course it is not expected that
unnecessary and eti iv ig ,i:f ap
propriatioiis will be made U. the
purpose of a oidmg t he accumula
tion ot an excess ol revenue. Such
expenditure, beside the detnoraliza
lion of all j list concept ions id pu blic
duty which it entail.s. stimulates a
habit of reckless 1 m prov ideiiee not
in the least consistent wit h r he in ls
siou of our people or thr- high and
eneficeut purposes of oar govern
ment. GRAVITY id-' T1IK s IT f A T I N .
I have deemed it my duty to
thus bring to the knowledge of my
country men, as well as to t he atten
tion ot their representatives charged
with the responsibility of legisla
tive relief, the gravity of our finan
cial situation. The. failure of the
Congress heretotore to provide
against the dangers which it was
quite evident th" very nature of the
difficulty must necessarily produce
caused a condition of financial dis
tress anil aiqtrehension since our
last adjournment which taxed to
t he utmost all t he aut hoi ity and ex
ledient w it Iiid executive control,
nd these ajtpear now to be ex
hausted. If disaster results from
the continued inaction of Congress
1 he resjionsibility must rest w here
it belongs. Though the si'uatiou
thus far consider ed is fraught with
danger which should be fully real
ized, and though it jueseiits fea
tures wrong to the jeojle as well
as to the country, it is but a resiili
growing out of a jteitectly jial
jiable ami ajtjiareiit cause constant
ly rejiroduciug the same alarming
; circumstances a congested nation
1 al treasury and a depleted rnone
' tary condition in the business ot
the couutry. It need hardly be
stated that while the present skua-
tion demands a .remedy we can
only be saved from a like predica
ment in the future by the removal
of i ts cause.
Our scheme of taxation by means
of which this needless surplus is
taken from the people and put into
the public treasury, consists of a
Kind or duty levied upon importa
tions from abroad and internal rev
eiiue taxes levied on the consump
tion of tobacco, aud spirituous and
It must be conceded that none of
the things subjected to internal
revenue tax aie strictly jpeaking
necessaries. There appears to be
no just complaiut of this taxation
by the consumers of these articles
and there seems to be nothing so
well able to bear the burden with
out hardship to any portiou of the
people. Bat our present tariff
laws, tbe vicious, inequitable and'
illogical source ot unnecessary taxa '
tion, ought to be at ouce revised
and amended. These laws as their
primary and plain effect raise the
price to consumers of all articles
imported and subject to duty by
precisely the sum paid tor such
duties. Thus the amount ol the
duty measures the tax paid by those
who purchase for use these iicpoi ted
articles. .Many of these t hi rigs, ho w
ever, are raised or manufactured iu
our own couutry, and the dut ies now
le led upou foreigu goods aud pro
ciucts are caneci protection totnese
home manufactures, because they
render it possible lor those of our
people who are manufacturers to
make these taxed urticles and sell
them on a demand lor imported
goods that have paid customs duty.
So it happens that while compar
atively a few use the imported ar
tides, most of our people who never
use and never savr any of the
foreign products purchase and use
things id' the same kind made in
this country and pay therelor
nearly or quite the same t-nhaucd
pl lee whlcti the duty adds to the
imported articles. Those who buy
imports pay the duty charged
thereon into the piiolic treasury,
but the great majority ot our
citizens who buy domestic articles
of the same class pay a sum at
least approximately equal to this
duty to the home manufacturers.
This reference to t:ie operation of
our tariff' laws is not made bv way
oi 1 nst 1 net ion, bu. in order that
we may be constantly remnnded of
the manner in which they impose a
burden upon those 'who consume
domestic products as well as those
who consume imported ar- ides, and
thus create a tax upon all cur peo
it is not proposed to entirely re
lieve 1 he country of this taxation.
Ij must be extensively continued as'
the source of the government's
income: and in a readjustment of
our tariff the interests of American
labor engaged m manufacture
should be carefullj considered, as .
well as the preservation of our 1
manufactures. It may le called
protection or by any other name
but relief from the hardships and
dangers of onr present tariff laws
should be devised with especial
piecatiMon against imperiling the
existence of our manufacturing'
interests. Bur t.iis should not
mean a condition which, without
reg, ud to the public welfare or a
national exigency, must always
insure the realization of immense
profits instead of moderately profit
able returns. As the volume aud
diversity of our national activities
increase, new recrutsare added to,
those who desire a .'outiuuation ot
1 he advantages which they conceive
the present system of tariff t axat ion
directly aff'oi ds their. So stubborn
ly have all efforts to reform the
present condition been resisted by
those of our f'ellov citizens thus
engaged that they cm hardly com
plain of the suspicion entertained
to a certain extent that there
exists an organized combination
all along the line to maintain their
TlTE INFANT INDt'TKIKo'
We are m the midst of centennial
celebrations and with becoming
pride we rejoice in American skill
aud ingenuity, in American energy
aud enterprise and in the wouderful
natural advantages and resources
developed by our country's natur d
growth. Ye"; wluu an attemjit is
made to justify a scheme which
permits a tax to be laid ujion every
cou.siimer in the land for the benefit
of our manufacturers, quite beyond
a reasonable demand tor govern
mental regard, it suits the purpose
ot its advocates to call our manu
fietuiers infant industries that a
greater degree of tavor and foster
ing care may be wrung from federal
It is also said that the increase
in the jirice of domestic manu
factures, resulting from the jiresent
tariff' is necessary in order that
higher wages may be jiaid to our
workiugmen employed 111 manufac
tures than is jaid tor what is called
the pauper labor of Eurojie.
AMERICAN LAB JR.
All will acknowledge the lorce ol
an argument which involves the
welfare aud liberal compensation ol
our laboring peojile.
Our labor is honorable 1.1 the
eyes of every Americau citizen,
and as it lies at the foundation of
our develojimeut and progress, it is
entitled without affectation or hy
jmcrisy to the utmost regard. The
standard of our labor should not be
measured by that of auy othei
couutry less favored, and they aie
entitled to their full share of all our
By the last census it is made to
appear that of the 17,392.099 of our
jiojiulation engaged 111 all kinds ot
industries 7,070.493 are employed
in agriculture", 4,074,238 in jirotes
sional and jiersoual service (,2,934, -e70
of whom are dorDesticservauts
and laborers), while 1,810,250 are
employed iu trade aud trausjiorta
tion aud 3,837,112 are classed as
emjtloyed 111 manufacturing aud
m 1 11 i u g .
For jiresent purposes, however,
the last number given should be
considerably reduced. Wi bout
attempting to enumerate all, it
will be conceded that there should
be deducted from those which it
includes 375, 143 carpenters and
joiners, 2S5.40I milliners, dress
makers and seamstresses, 172,720
blacksmiths, 133.7730 tailors and
tailoresses, 102.473 masons, 7(3.24 L
butchers, 41.300 bakers. 22.083
plasterers and -f.s'ji engaged iu
manufacturing agricultural imple
ments. The aggregate appears to
be 1.214.023, leaving 2.(323,089 per
sons employed in such manufactur
ing indust; o s are claimed to be
benefitted by . high tariff. To
these the appeal is m.idetosive
their employment, and maintain
their wages by resisting a change.
There should be no disposition to
answer such suggestions by t he
allegation that they are in a mi
noiity of those who labor and there
fore should forego an advantage in
the inteies'of low juices for I he
majority. Their cotiijieiis.ition. as
it may be affected by theopeiatiun
of tariff' laws, should at all times
be scrupulous! v kept in view. And
('yet with slight reflection they will
not oveilook the lact that
they are c ; 11 sii nit rs with the
rest, that they too have their
own wants and those of their
families to supply from their
earnings andth.it the juice ot the
necessaries of lile as well as the
amount of their wages wiil regulate
the me. isuie of their welfare and
comfort. Bir the reduction ot
1 txatiou (imanaeu suouiu no so
measured as not to necessitate or
justify either the loss of employ
ment by th workingman or the
lessening of his wages, and the
profits stili remaining to the maim
factuier al'ier a necessary readjust
ment should furnish no excuse for
the sacrifice of the interests of his
employees either 111 their ojiportuni
ty to work or in the diininut.on ol
their omjiensatiott. Nor can the
workers lti inanafaefoi ies (ail to
understand that while a high tariff'
is claimed to necessary to allow
t he re mun era; 1 ve vvag.-s it certainly
results in a very large increase in
the price id' neaily r.ll sorts of
manufactures. which in almost
countless forms he m t-ib tortile
use of himself ami his family, lie
receives at the desk of his em ploy er
his wages and )erhajs before he
reaches his home is obliged, in a
jnirehase for family u-e ot an article
which embraces his own labor, to
return, iu the p-iynomt of the in
crease in juice which the tariff
jiei'mirs, the hard earned eompetisa
tion ol many davs of toil.
THE Dt'TV cN VVuttL.
The President here discusses the
Wool Tariff" and shows by a
mathematical calculation that a
high tariff' on this article is against
the interest of the larger class of
farmers, and with those who own
the benefit 0
the tariff on
wool is illusory.
UEDTC'TIuN (iF Cf.STOM.S DUTIE.S.
The considerations which have
been jiresented touching our tariff'
laws are intended only to enforce
au earnest recommendation that
he surjilus revenues of 1 he govern
ment be (ire-vented by the reduction
of our customs duties and at the
same time to emphasize a sugges
t ion that in a comjiii.-hing this
purjiose. we may discharge a double
duty to 1 ur jieople by granting to
them a measure of n-ltet from
tariff' taxat ion in quarters where it
is most needed and from sources
whence it can be most fairly
aud justh neeo'dtd. Nor can
the jiresentatioii made of such con
siderations be with any degree of
fairness leg, tided as evidence ol un
friendliness toward our manul'aciur
ei s' interests or of any lack ot apjTe
ciatiou of their value and impor
tance. These inteiests constitute a
leading and most substantial ele
ment of our national gr eatness and
furnish the jtroud jtidot of our
country's jtrogress. bat it in the
emergency that presses upon us
our lnanufacriuei s are asked to
surrender something for the nibhc
good and to aveit dts i-ter their pa
1 not ism as well ;is a gratified
recognition of ad vantages alieady
affoided should lead tin 111 to will
ing co-ojierat ion. N-O de.uaiid is
made that they shall forego all the
benefits of the government's re
gard, but they cannot fail to be ad
monished of their duty as well as
their enlightened self-interest and
safety when they are reminded of
the tact that the finaiici.il panic
aud collajise to which the )reseut
condition tends afford no greater
shelter or protection to our manu
factures than to our other impor
tant enterjirises. An opportunity
for sate, careful and deliberate re
form is now offeted: ami none r.s
should tie 1111111 uidlul of a 1 1 me when
an abused and
heedless (d t box
11 1 1: atci
w ho have
timely and :ea-o
rnav iusisr iinuii
l tile '
swi-ejung 1 eet 1 net t ion o, tacit
REVISION OF TIIE TARIFF.
The difficulty attending a wise
and fair revision o'f our taidf laws
is not underestimated, it will re
quire on the part of the Congress
great labor and care and especially
,1 broad and national coutemjil ition
of the subject and a patriotic disre
gard of such local and 'e-llish
claims as ere unreasonable and
reckless of tlb- weltaie oi the entile
country. Under our jneseir laws
more than lour thousand articles
are subject to duty. .Many ol' these
do not iu any way comjtete with
our own manufactures and many
are hardly worth attention as sub
jects Ot revenue. A considerable
reduction cau be made 111 the aggie
gate by adding them to the lice
list. The taxation of luxuries pre
sents no feature ot haidship, but
the necessaries of life, uss d and
consumed by all the peop
duty upou which aiidstoihe
1 1 v 1 1 1 ir in evetv in-iu . s't.o
FREE RAW MATERIAL.
The radical redact mu -f the
duties imposed upon raw- material
usr-d iu manufactures, or its free
im jiortatton. is of c urse an im
jiortant factor in any effort to re
duce the price of. these necessaries.
It would not only relieve them from
the increased cost cau ed by the
tariff on such material, bur the
manufactured product being thus
1 cheanened, that part of the tariff
1 now laid ujun such product as a
condensation to our nianufitctuiei -for
the presont price ot raw ma
terial could be accordingly nn.di-
tied, tc'uch reductions, or fit e
portation. wouid serve, be;
largely reduce the revenue
not aj)pareut how such a
can have any injurious el Fee
our manufacturer s. On t he
it world ajijie.ir to giv
better chance 111 foreign
with the manufacturers
con; 1 .11 y
countries, who cheapen thei
by free material. Thus our
might h ive the opjiortunity of ex
tending their sales beyond the
limits of home consumpt ion. sav ing
them from the depression, iuternin-
tion In business and loss caused by
a giui.eu domestic m
;iiTor3ing their employe.
tain and steady 1 ifor with :t
resulting quiet and eon-en: uteir
The question thus imperative!
jiresented lor solution .-.hen.! b
approached in a spirit higher t h. 11
party anxiety and considei ed in t'a
ngnt of that regard fur jiatri
uuiy wnicti siioiiid cliarac
action of t hoc inti listed
weal ol a confiding pcopSr
obligation to dcd.ue j..u
and jTinciPie is nol want in
urge prompt and fleet ive ac
Both of the great political pa
1 1 1 ; e s
' ; n : ' s
now 1 ej. resen ted m the govet
have by repeated and aut
tive declarations condi-mm.
condition ot our 1 .w w hicii j
the collection Iron, t he j-eo- '
uniiecessai v seventies :, e
the must solemn inantn r : :
its correction, and 1. , as -,
Zens or poiiticiiHis are onr c unii
men in a mood to condone ti
deliberate violat ion of; he:
Our jrogiess tov. c.nl a
elusion will not be im;
dwelling on the theories
tion and tree tiade. TI
too nmca of bandving etu
is a condition which eon
no:, ti theory. The relief
condition may involve
reduction of the advan; c
we award our home j:r -d-;
the en'iie withdrawal
vantage should not he
P 1 a ; e 1 1 .
1 Oti c
ii 'N id-' i
IlillKLKV AN I
The question ol 1 i e
1 1 ,
absolutely lift fevan'
sisteut claim made 1
teis that ali f-ll'olis
JK-opU- iiom unjtl-.t a
taxation are schemes ot
free ti.nlers is j)i:ehievot!s ai
removed liom any c. ti.-i U
for the Jillbiic good. The s
and plain duty which we ow
peojde is to reduce ttix.it ion
necessary exje-n -e
cal operation of
and to restore to tne
the couiitiv the moae
hold in the treasury thi-aiga ; he
jrerversion of governmental poueis.
These things can and doid be
doue with safety to all our indus
tries, without danger to the oj.por
tumty for remunerative labor which
our workiugmen need and with
benefit to them and all our j c
by cheapening their means
subsistence and increasing
measure ot their comforts.
'THE STATE OF THE V N i N
The Constitution provides ;
the President "shall liom time
time give to the Congress
tion ot the state of the l"n
has been the custom of t!a 1
tive, in compliance with di
vision, to annually exhibit t
Congress at the ojiening
session the general conditio;;
country and to detail with
jiarticulai ity the ot;c-i
li would 1
exec ui 1
tollow this cour.
time ami to call
dejiai tments dui 1.
ye.. r, but I am so
with the paranioti
hub nts :
iS the last
it im ; o
the subject to v
catij:. has tin:.
that I shall foil
anv other topic
state of the Union"
the present condition c! cir.
ury and onr general fiscal sir
ujion winch every element
safety and prosperity dej'en
The reports ot the heeds
departments which will b
ted contain lull at.d c
information touchin The t
tions of the ! easiness iit-it: -
t tie 111 an
I ask for
1 cc-ni tt
P' o 1 a ,
s t he y
mendations t ue deiificr
tiou out of the legisla:
There are oilier ub
bl'aced iu t he deiitu tnc
m 1 1.
Li r e 1 1
II 1 i II
hollld be ;
thelu. h '
pre. !,;. -and
ai ii -st !
leave to :
lot' any re
jiai tmeu! ,
mat ters v
1 t ;
ai I v w :
Take. 1 1 i
1) iniel Webster's. ,,..: :: .. ,
be misunderstood if no po. nts w in,
ever were used. 1 w.-mb-r no :a,
ol his compositi 11 is g:cii in
model 11 standard scho.-i lea l.i
books. The important thing ni .
involved sentence is to niaiUi;
tin ct ly the dtU'erent c! .11- 1 ci.
thetic.ll or other, so ttiat th. ! al
cannot fall to uruleistand it . i
au author can alway s d in hi.;
sentences. But when c.n dit
comes to punctuate atx-thci's ,-.,
it is absolutely itece -it;;." th -.:
should understand pre i ly v. h
its author means to say, ac a c o
comma or semicolon may 111, ke h
say what he did not intend, or
least renderthe meaning obscure.
M!. s" i .'.-. Iee 7. The Gazette eaye
the futuie polirj-of Franco will decide
whtthi -r (i.jrm.iny will br compelled to
watch one or both of her frontiers. The
paper dedan s' that Russia must always 1
bavo a i-tront; llet in the Pacific ocean.
D :.',! i n t. 1 1 c. 7. The jury brought in
a verjici of acquittal in the cueo cf
O ic-arv. ':"( -f the men charged with ,
comj-lioiry in the murder (f constable I
VhilchtiD. ai I.:sd-ionvarn 1. county
1'At.l-. Ii .-. 7 - l'ie-idei.t Carnot liaa
-i::n:;: re-. I ( i aj'et and r ijurted him to
-. rm a ia -w ministry.
ft '-.: :v. Deo, 7 - The National Ga
7."tte, discussing the Vienna Keinblast
article relative to the massing of ir iops
on tii.- lcu-i.in frontier. Hays it is evi
dent lint tiic force ( f Itua-ian troops
n-w ia !'.,; , n i is not ollicient to attack
two f, anni iah!- military powers. The
pre-.-:.; na-in of troops is too small
fa- v. .r :.: l-.o Ur,- f ', ,r p,se-... We
mast wait an ' se,-. how K-issin w ill re
' rc-iie th" m-;.-si:);r w ith the racdi
-urtiii -( ,f ;!e- Journal de .St. l'tl. rs-
ill for f hi isf ma
a. en a.n:
. 1 .s
1 I rra -;
In aid ot tic
' )xfi,nl 1 r;
ii r: yon v. ii
c-t mtii.-r in it
I lav ro
libs Tea i!
i weal i r, j
d..3ar f r 1:1
rf 1 1 nest veil r cor.tri but i-!!H
Otiristai'is lertivms at the
101 A-ybirn. for 1SS7. Brnl
f.trv ,jr-l tiit-m early in De
I ro .v la: )-.v uli.t outi.iv I
ei-..:: ! n t
,11 ever In-for
appeal to yi
Co to receive
icich s -ii'iel
. and Uier,
at least, eiie
iiT-al lodge in
iwn until you
V til 1-
i:;a e i
our e irUvibtu ions, for
'.ill be mail . h apptor
the ei-n-'-ion-nei-H of
ii tl is b. aut if u 1 custom .
'' 1 i.t ri' iiti ..s " J-'nr Christ
ad -( r, : ei I I .- it i ' I iixon.
K1.1- K ,:-..' c
t" i fe fb-'.rSe '"PV.
'rg roui).! K;.il'aay for N'e York.
.w V' :. l-t ir c. 7 New Vork is to
aa -j n i-. r'i O'.ind railroad. The
; t.a . e I .---ti j TfecteiJ. the route
'-1'.:. I. t.'.-' c-ir,-eut f proper
1 - in i.iap'.e sutli--i ury r.ht.unel.
Ctspi tal su ascribed f ,r
an underground rail
a ia iv t rave: f rim t la
trai Stall ai
A I ai I -t rack ra il
i :-. ;ii-ess trains on t he
oai I , ,c ; I trams on t he
l . to he built f rum the
;- , . . , !
' 1 a ' . - :
r.'m stret t
: : ' . A '.-villi c. t i l'orty-
' Koibarked in the ent- r
W . it Vandt rl ilt. I'orneinis
' 'a -me,--,- M D-'pew. ()r
I'.ct a. . ihn J . -. h Ast-u-,
-V ' K'o I ,'.ti is. Ui" Lorii
rc,aa r.-j.;-e-:i' at i vo periple.
tie ui e' :. Is iiu-.v solely on
a l y the I'ouniiiin Cauncil of
: the --t n ets opening. Tiie
Ion agreed upeu by all the
ivc Mayor Hewitt, ion! he is
sa; i t
avar of the sclu im
tl o .-: : v.
at.-eiei- d i e 1 1
dl; Trial in (e
Ie-. ?. Ore
1 1. 1 .lav of t'c
i s intense.
ire: I ana ; -1 i i i
i nt r-rest .
The e'. idene.. t iday
the pnsors'r. Witn
find imc shir t . s c ks
was '1 aniatrmg to
-.e.) t cs-t i ti uil to
s and d raw ers in a
upp Si'd thev were
well. ."J.'l it
llirnun taere nv Woollolk alter com
mittirm the murder. Barms and blood
were uii tho ttarments.
ST AIL OF NORTH CAROLINA. )
Craven County. )
I. Ont.ANlio Huia-.s. Register of Deeds.
ex i dlic-.o Clerk of the Board of Com- ,
m issione; s of Craven county, do hereby
c -rlify that, the following is a correct
st.iteni-ni of the amount, items and
na.ur.- of nil c. i;r. pens it ion iitid i ted by
li.c cal i ii -ard of C einniissi-jners to tile
a., rebels tltr.-i el m-vi i.'dly. the number
01 days tiie beard was in session arid
the dis-ati 'e traveled hy the members
of .o 1 bo.a'd respectively and churio'd
to-, ember :.'Jlh
A I). V
'- of :-ai'.i c iu t y . t
KVAN. ( .:(). en
C7 ' 'l'ii Iu .'.- .;.( ''-.
l.ll-et lne;-: of boal
if i. -u -
of the aeoeuels
i re c-u l t r . L' cay
J a :
s at - J O'
aii. it i :
...'. (.' ,.,
a a' nn tin,.
- a i .. I
sr.pt of i
serv i .-
: - t-lc.
1 m bn i ac-
c . i a a i s 4
- : f :rd.
" liectt d
1 1 1 : -t
.ccounle of 31.
f. 14 days at
: m ac per ;
s of V.
s ill CJ
ad r m ci
.e r ,
e x -
1 I , e .
of and mm;
nuts of M.
a a v,.-a
1 -, ,o til
-x I o-1 i IT.
i in- board was
i s. am! that no
h ive tiereunto
otli in Now
t h !
1 1 1 1 r i m 1 1 .
ca-ci a; nl s ever
-s u la a of 1
in v nam ;.r
the la ,Pev-
. A N DO Hi BBS.
Ex officio Clerk.
The Salvation Army
Is small in oampitrtooi) to tlio Army of
Ruers who visit daily th
ter art 1 a -tions :
Fai.t color I 'alico 5o
Red flannel all wool 15c.
Men and Hoy's Hats 25c.
Men's Heavy Hoots 1.95
Boy ' Hoots 60c.
A pood Lady "e, Button HI,,,.. Si. 00
Double-width Cashmere, all colore. 18c.
Children's Button Metes oOc.
Four Hand kerchi. fs f. r 10c.
All 1 inen H iml l;ercliie.r, 50.
All linen N.ip-iin. large size 5o.
And etli.-rs fiiiiaiiv a siartllnir. to be
"'"'i ly c..d 1 1 rt k
rly h f ire they are all
I'iea-o Ere.:.ei:,t er
causes us to turn
daily, therefore oa
and ha served.
tho the "rush"
away cu atom era
i hould call early
To The Wholesale Trade.
We would reft
you to peorea of
in every vicinity of
lunticH who are ao-
this and fe i a:- inc. c
tuaily K'tliiii; ii-h
bought f 11-c
We keep exficilv uliat you need, at
fiK'tires. that boldly d; f i orn petition.
As many Hats and Shoes as any two
stores in lhe city.
In the lanc,naKe of ihe Salvationist,
"Will you come.''
K'.STP.RS Xir.Ti! i -eKltLlfii
AR OLE WORKS,
NEW BKKNE. . C.
And all kinds Orave and Building work la
STALiAiit A!hRSGA GARBLE
ro . r.i v, il i
sai.ii f s.o'.ic
J U ! '
i l oprletor
Hi-:U.E A. C
a la .nzd agei t
Ij me ,
i i 1 1 (1
All (atl.i.s of C'.lOltlSi; AND
hi: f in; skivi s.
X ii W
I! KALI-: it IN
Fi". Fluu oi ail Cl;.:(i6,
Selected Teas, Pure Coffees
and S pi ecu.
Butter and Ch; rs-( , liom the
best c'.an i- o.
I I JHtol H :nl C..-H -
A X V KH Kli I ITS a 1(
, , ' ,1 - ,r( k
h i. Ki,l II L.
Ii'- 1 - i
I I o
r M i I
i ii iii pli rey
I i, h!
QWMl FAFilLY GROCERIES
Cri-iii. ''a! Mrrcbaudise,
I! li(ilMl 1M I
Conrignnier.Ls of (irain.
C on and
oilier Produce Holeao (1.
I'l-onijU Attention (lu.i iilci.d,
atii 1- r m i' i
Willis, Edwards & Co.
Have reopened the New Beruo Machioa
Works, unci have added Tools to ti eir
works to do all kiiida of Machine and
Boiler Work at short notice.
They hv also ndded a foundry to
their works, and are prepared to do tha
best nf Brass and Iron (VilinK-
ll uise l'iumbir. a specialty.
If von w ant nood work ywc us a call.
All ork Kiiarnnteod and done at prices
to suit the times iyll wly
Use House's Chiil Syrup
- - I