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0 / 75
. . . I'- V'V.vltLJE-'
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS,
Fraa.i OB.OO Per r"aAr.
NEW BERNE, CRAVEN COUNTY, N. C, FEBRUARY 27, 1890.
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B 0ARD1NG AND DAY SCHOOL.
Special attention glren to tMatbematies, Commercial Law, Book
keeping ana renmanaiiip. v . : . - -,
Experienced teacher In Instrumental MnBlc
Vocal Mosic a prominent feature.. ; N-
Tnition, Including Board, Washing,
wuioa or are montoa, t.- .
: u.iip ?uW. Ba
F.".ni STO CItS AI1D ROADSTERS.
I teiTB. 6a riandia flntHoraea, Kolea and Ponies, imported from
ITorta and-' West, -aa-erer brooght la, North Carolina. New stock
constantly arriTing.-- Call atad examine.
fDl9 dr.) t-f, Mi '
f. a. oumn. v aan. kajiXiT.
. " F.pnnderf aad yMachinJata --
;r V - ,i iv. V J ;
BalUan rmsdaaai SabNi ;
-1 t " ' .
t v WU, Ki(lal OaMff BMhiaw,
Waar T1MtaCMtBfcr an Kaaa
i wiiapxot2p!4aa,j fj, . -
rtiMlAriaa4 taiaaadia aUaatioo ptw
iraire(iikiB4. - . .
' Wa-C1 Wla4 ta "la4 aatliaw
ay taT4iiptiO oi aiaanlnarr. '
Va ai ta Maatt tar UM aal a tk aaim.
laaa tav. AJm tor O. A. Bwvaaata'a aU
' . Wta4 UiMUwUtala Mia VaiTaa.
' , '5. 1 Aa "
And 8 to ? at Night,
Hrcry day dnirlns the Fair.
digestion r disordered, uyer ;
VI" P. W WCv;.0 VU Ul U1C liwuc
U f. ALLCiA C0 16S aa4 8(7 Caaal SL, NaaTTarfc. Soto
01 mr dcmrgiM. doca not keep UxmJ
Ligbt, etc $05.00 to $75.00 per
" - v
SKI IIHEE, trincipaL
- BROAD STlsEET.
JOE K. WILLIS,
V ; !
EASTERN NORTH CAROLINA
New Berne, N. C.
Iuliao aa American Uarbl'andall
qaslitlea of material.
Order .solicited and given
O. EL ICoxxb i my agent as Klnton,
a4 Alix. Fisxos regular trayeling
"We nerer heard but one editor
in North Carolina speak. It was
more than twenty years ago, and
he made a good average political
effort co the stamp."
"A Philadelphia, woman has
lived five months with a broken
neck." Many a woman has lived
many jear with a broken heart.
The Bileich Chronicle has be
gan another volnme. It is a very
able paper and constantl.v grow
in popular lavor.
A FEW more leaders like Harri-
soa, Heed, Forater ana nan wonia
goon pat the Republican party be
yond the fear of injary. They
wouldn't leave enough of it to hold
a funeral over. Dallas News.
Notwithstanding the original
rulings of Speaker Reed, a motion
to adjourn to adjourn Reed and
his desperate associates to the deep
obscaiity they so richly deserve
ia always in order. Such a motion
will bo made next Fall. Chicago
makeb's postal telegraph scheme,
which he has been incubating so
long, would, according to experts,
be both vicious in theory and im
practicable in practice, and is
altogether characteristic of the
bargain-counter statesmanship for
which the pious Wanamaker is
noted. Syracusa Courier.
The exposure of corrupt and
fraudulent methods of Ohio Repub
licans which is going on at Wash
ington overshadows the give and
take revelations being made in a
Republican quarrel in Brooklyn,
which is unearthing the fact that
systematic and persistent bribery
and bulldozing, are customary
practices among Republicans there
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The bills introduced in Congress
by Senator Hoar and Representa
tive Wiokham are to continue the
Republican gerrymander. We
hardlv think they will sacceed. It
is an unheard of stretch of power,
interfering with the rights of the
States, that will not stand a mo
ment's debate. The Democrats of
the Ohio legislature should go oa.
They have right on their side.
In o alls may gyrate and orate,
Reed may conspire, and the whole
managerle of rampant Radical
politicians may rant and roar and
howl, but they can't block the
wheels of progress in the South
nor prevent the lnevitaoie. as
surely as God's sunshine illumines
the mountain tops, and gives
verdure to the valleys, so surely
will the South triumph and become
the seat of empire, commercially
and politically, of this Republic.
To save the. Presidency, the Re
publican party in 1876 left the
negro (o himself, and he has been
working out his own salvation and
ought to be left to his own success.
Northern agitation in his behalf is
disingenuous a word for the darky
and three woids for the party; it is
claptrap and demagogy designed
for use exclusively north of Mason
and Dixon's line,' and with no
serious purpose of taking the re
sponsibility of putting the negro in
command wherever the census
shows numerical negro supremacy.
Obatoey as practiced hy our
politicians between the years 1840
ond 1860 was. the remote if uot the
direct cause of the Rebellion aud
the long and bloody W ar that was
required to suppress it. Senator
Ingalls obviously thinks be can win
laurels and retain his at in the
Senate by resorting to the practice
of the politician of thirty or forty
years ago. Apparently he is frying
to "fire the great heart of the
North," aud by eo doing to kindle
the anger of the Sonth. But it is
devoutly to be hoped that he will
not succeed. If no Southern Sena
tor replies to him it is likely that
he will make no farther effort to
'stir up sectional strife. He will be
most effeotually answered by pro
longed and respectful silence. The
patriotic people in all portions of
the land will applaud this silence
by observing it themselves.
The adoption of the new code of
rules by a strictly partisan vote in
the House ot Representatives has
been the foregone conclusion of the
proceedings in that body and
causes no surprise. This step is
more directly revolutionary than
any heretofore attempted by the
Republican managers, and there is
no consolation in the knowledge
that it relieves the minority of re'
sponsibility for the unwise legisla
tion which must follow, or that it
fixes the burden absolutely upon
the majority. The National House
of Representatives is not the field
for the display of party tactics, and
anything which, like the new eode
o( rujea, threatens the integrity of
; legislation is to be deprecated even
i if its ultimate effect will be iirtnri
------- rr. .
Ous to the party' which, establishes
it and advantageous to the opposi
tion. No greater political mistake
could be made than the Repablieaa
managers have made in this matter,
Greenville Reflector has
entered upon a new volume. We
can wish it no better fortune than
that its patronage may be equal to
The fact is, that had not Mr.
Grady bad a generous and liberal
people to appeal to, even his elo
quence would have fallen on ears
that heard not. Charlotte Chron
If the sun was a hollow spere
the earth could be placed in the
oenter of it, with the moon moving
ronnd it at its mean distance of
237,000 miles, and there would still
be more than 200,000 miles between
the moon and the edge of the sun.
New York Journal.
The Republican party in this
State cannot afford to drive the
proposed World's Fair away fiom
this city. And the people will
know where to fix the responsibility
if any further shilly shallying is
indulged in at Albany. Having
felt the temper of the public Mr,
Piatt knows now the fate which
awaits him. New York World,
WE do not believe that it is in
the power of the political aspirants
of North Carolina all combined to
defeat Senator Yance tor re-election
to a place upon which he has re
fleeted unquestioned and dis
tioguishod honor. He is true to the
people, and has been always faith
fal to North Carolina. Wilmington
PlatT now tells his deluded
followers that be has . gained more
than he coateuded far in his com
promise on the World's Fair bill
That is to sat. he has lost his
honor, four front teeth, one ear and
a piece of bis noe, but he still has
his collar button left and a claim on
the , United States Senatorship
New York World.
It is not impertinent to inquire,
if the tariff cannot be revised "on
New England lines," what lines it
eaa be revised nposT We have bad
a tariff drawn upon the lines of
Ohio and of Pennsylvania and the
result is disastrous to the industries
which, less than a generation ago,
made the wealth and prosperity of
these States. Boston Post.
It is said that Speaker Reed has
his eye on the Presidency. Just
now the people of the United States
have their eye on him, and will
probably keep it there, but not as
a possible candidate. The people
of this Republic, whatever their
party name, are not seeking an au
tocrat as tenant for the White
House. Fort Worth Gazette.
A bill has been introduced in
the Kentucky legislature providing
for the punishment of circus men
who fail to perform according to
the bills. Henceforth when the
flaming colored posters are posted
up and the soveign Kentuckian
contemplates them with ravishing
delight he will know just what be
is going to get when he pays bis
money or that circus man will come
to grief. Wilmington Star.
If Vance's speech failed to make
racket abroad, it is attracting
much, attention at home. It is good
reading for any honest, fair minded
people. The Russian grip Is a small
affair compared with the grip Vance
has upon the people oi his native
North Carolina. Long live the
white haired Senator trae alike in
war and in peace. Wilmington
If the Kansas farmer wants to
know what is hurting him let him
hanl 100 bushels of protected corn
to the nearest protected market
and try to trade it tor a Sanday
suit of protected woollen clothing.
He might thus, if he will put his
reasoning apparatus in working
order, discover praotically whose
hand is under the biggest end of
the protection cornucopia Kaosas
Ohio is just now a Democratic
State. She ought not to have 16
Republican Representatives in
Congress to five Democratic.
Abolish the gerrymander. Get rid
of it right aw ay . Let M r. W i ck h a m
pursue his folly. It is nothing but
a ''bluff." Congress dare not pass,
nor the President sign, such a
measure. If they did the people
would overwhelm them in their
indignation. Cincinnati Enquirer.
This is an age that demands that
every man shall earn at least his
own support. The day of the loafer
and society parasite is rapidly
drawing to a close. What a joy
Nothing so grates upon the patience
of the toiler as the sight of a man
living upon the labor of others.
To this leach upon the blood of
others may be traced more of the
uprisings of the, anarchists than
anything else. Raleigh Call.
Wx hear that the oyster pirate
cases, returned from magistrate's
court of Cmrituck county to the
Sapeior Court, will be contested in
the Superior Court, and the law of
the last legislature be tested. It
will be an. interesting trial, aQA
it shoghl be 3und, that our oysters
'are not thoroughly protected, it
will show us how to protect them
But our idea is that the wall of
protection now is "horse high, bul
strong and pig tight." Elizabeth
i City .Economist
There is do State in the South
that has not produced popular
speakers, but very lew of the States
have given to the world great
Orators are like comets that make
their appearance at long intervals,
and all men see
It is our purpowe to write two or
three articles on oratois of the
South. This morning we have for
our subject Orators of Alabama.
Alabama has a number of living
men who rank high as public
speakers. The foremost of these
is John T. Morgan, United States
Senator. His coUeague, James L.
Pagh, is a strong debater, bnt he
has none of the brilliancy of Gen.
Morgan. But it is of those who
have "passed over the river'' that
we are thinking today, and there
comes up before us memories ol
Edward C. Bullock, Frank W.
Bowdon and William L. Yancey.
Mr. Buliock was a South Caro
linian by birth. Re graduated at
Harvard with distinction at the
age of eighteen, and immediately
settled at Eufaula, Alabama. He
was first an assistant school teach
er, afterwards editor and lawyer.
He rose rapiflly, and soon acquired
a high reputation as a scholar, a
lawyer and a gentleman. He was
an authority in literature, and was
the orator oi his day. In the winter
ofl860-"61 the Confederate Con
gress met in the city of Mont
gomery. The Legislature was also
in session Mr. Bullock being the
Senator from the county of Bar
boar. Mr. Davis had been elected
President of the Confederacy and
was on his way from Washington
to Montgomery. The Legislature
appointed a committee to meet Mr.
Davis, on the line of Georgia and
Alabama, and welcome him to the
State; Mr. Bullock was chairman
of that committee. The meeting
took Blace on the west bank of the
Chattahoochee in the presence of an
immense concourse ef people. Mr
Davis afterwards said that Mr.
Bullock's address of welcome was
the most eloquent speech he ever
heard from the lips of man. "The
multitude was under the magic
spell of a great orator, and every
sentence was cheered to the echo."
Mr. Bullock, the most accom-
plished gentleman we ever knew,
died of lever, contracted at Pensa
cola, while serving nnder General
Frank Bowdon was the Demos-
thenese of the South. He seldom
poke in Congress, but when he
did speak it was an occasion not
to be forgotten. It is said that
during the delivery of his speech
on the admission of Texas, Senators
eft their places in the Senate and
rushed to the House of Representa
tives. Reporters, spell bound by
resistless oratory, dropped their
pencils and abandoned their posts.
and spectators in the galleries
stood on their feet from the begin
ning to the end of his speech.
As a stump speaker Frank Bow
don was un approached and unap
proachable. He was a Democrat,
but he represented a Whig district,
and the question with the Whigs
was, how can we beat Bowdon! It
was the custom of Bowdon to write
bis speeches and memorize them ;
so the Whigs decided to put up
against him their ablest man, who,
with the possession of other gift?,
had a most remarkable memory.
The idea was lor Rice to loam Bow
don's speech, and on the first good
occasion, when they met for joint
discussion aud Bowdon had the
conclusion. Rice would lead off
with Howdon's speech. It was a
great occasion when Sam Rice and
Frank Bowdon met at Talladega.
The town was full, and the woods
were lull, of people. Promptly at
the hour Judge Rice rose, and in
his own inimitable style, com
menced the delivery cf Bowdon's
speech. The Whigs saw the trick
and were happy, but the Demo
crats were fighting mad. Frank
Bowdon sat calm and collected
with an occasional smile playing on
his handsome face. Judge Rice
sat down at the conclusion of his
hour perfectly satisfied that he had
taken the wind out of Bowdon's
Then was shown, the power of
oratory. Frank Bowdon rose, and
the first utterance of his lips leap
ed like forked lightning from an
angry cloud, and thrilled every
heart. Word for word he followed
Rice, and wilder aud wilder grew
the multitude. Men, women and
children, Whigs and Democrats
joined in the applause that shook
the mountains. It was Bowdon's
greatest triumph. His speech
ended, he turned and pointing to
Rice, said, "Elect him to Congress,
and I will write bis speeches for
him, and then drill him like a
school boy until he ean deliver,
IJhis article being already too
long remarks upon M,r. Yancey are
WILLIAM L. TANCEY.
Mr. Yancey was net the equal ot
Mr. Bowdon as a declaimer. but
considering all the elements of ora
tory he was his superior.
Mr. Yancey's Congressional ca
reer was a brief but brilliant one. At
the very commencement he caught
the eye of the nation, and Thomas
Richie, then at the head of the
Democratic press of the South,
pronounced him ''the Chatham of
In his speech on the admission
jot Oregon, Le used language that
i brought a ch;;!' nee from Thomas
L. Clingman, aua the fiery South
erners fought a bloodless duel in
the swamps of Maryland.
Mr. Yancey retired from Con
gress of his own accord. In reply
to the convention that renominated
him he said, '-I cannot accept your
nomination. I trust that I shall
always be at the service of my
countrymen, but I am too poor to
It was an the hustings and in
conventions that the power and
genius of Mr. Yancey were most
signally displayed. His speeches
in Congress had given him a
national reputation, and at the be
ginning of the Buchanan and
Breckinridge campaign he was in
vited by the Democratic National
Committee to canvass the States of
Maine, Massachusetts, New York
and Pennsylvania. He opened his
canvass in Tammany Hall, and the
speech of that night indicated the
line of his campaign. The oppo
sition papers In the city of New
York said that all Tammany was
drunk; Democrats replied that
Tammany was not drunk but
Perhaps Mr. Yancey's greatest
triumph in that campaign was in
the city of Boston, When the hour
to begin his speech arrived the
hall was closed, and a noisy, hoot
ing crowd stood in front of its
doors. When, at leDgth, the hall
was opened, the multitude rushed
in and made the building ring with
aenant snouts. Mr. xancey ap
pears on the platform and is greeted
with a etorm of hisses. For ten
minutes he stands silent while
waves of passion beat upon him
Now he speaks! His splendid
courage stills, and the music of his
voice charms the multitude. For
two hours the men of Boston are
spell bound, and exultant friends
lift the orator to their shoulders
and carry him away in triumph.
No one who was present can
ever forget the thrilling scenes of
the Charleston Convention. The
discussions in Congress of the
vexed questions oi the day had
inflamed popular feeling through
out the Union, and when the Con
vention met sectionalism was laebed
into fury. The North insisted that
the people of a Territory had a
right to exclude slavery. The South
declared that it was the duty of the
Federal Government to protect
slavery in the Territories. On this
issue the destinies of the Union
were suspended. The platform had
been for two days under discussion
when Caleb Cnshing, of Massachu
setts, the president of the Conven
tion, announced that it had been
agreed that the discussion of the
platform would be closed by Mr.
Yancey, of Alabama, on one side
and Senator Pagh, of Ohio, on the
other. The announcement was re
ceived with great applause. Each
side seemed confident of victory.
Mr. Yaneey at once appeared oa the
rostrum to open the debate. His
first sentence was received with tre
mendous cheering. Mr. Cushing ap
pealed to the Convention to preserve
order. Mr. Yancey asked that in
asmuch as his time was limited, he
be permitted to proceed without
further interruption. Order being
restored, again the orator com
menced his speech, and again the
great ball shook with applause.
Prosident Cushing rapped vigorous
ly on his desk, and called out,
' Order, order !" Isaiah Reynders,
of New York, leaped on the desk
in front of him, and shouted, "Mr.
Chairman the only way to prevent
cheering is to prevent Mr. Yancey
from speaking." The orator con
tinued ten minntes long and ap
plause burst forth in all parts of the
hall. Then it was that John Coch
ran, ot New York, exclaimed, "Mr
Chairman don't misunderstand us;
we are not applauding sentiments,
we are applauding oratory."
At the conclusion of Mr. Yancey's
Bpeech no man could have got the
ears ot the Convention. McCook,
of Ohio, said, "we brought Pugh
here to take Yancey's scalp, and
Yancey has taken Pugh's scalp and
the whole Northwest can't take it
Mr. Pugh rose to reply. Bat he
could not speak. The Convention
was in the wildest tumult. Mr.
Stevens, of Oregon, then chairman
of the executive committee, seeing
Mr. Pugh's embarrassment, moved
to adjourn, saying it was impossible
for any man to speak nnder the
circumstances. Whereupon the
Bob IngeRjSOLL says Harrison's
administration reminds him of a
couple who got married aud quar
relied as to whether they should
have terrapin or duck for their first
dinner. The husband wanted ter
rapin, the wife wanted dack, and
they finally compromised on cab
bage. Beeoham'a Pills cure bilious and ner
XORTH CAROLINA I?EW8.
From the State Papers.
A site for the Prasbyterian Synodioal
Orphanage haa been bought at Char
lotte for 84,000.
The Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley
railway was opened for business on
Monday from Wilmington to Mt. Airy,
Raleigh Progressive Farmer: There
have been seven deaths from la grippe
reported in North Carolina. Four of
these occurred at Oxford.- Twenty
two psssenger trains arrive and depart
irom urreensooro every asy.
Ualeigh News and Observer: Ar
rangements are pending between the
several male colleges of the State for
the holding of an Inter-Collegiate Ora
torical contest in this city in May. It
is almost settled that the contest will
Kinston Free Press: The Seven
Springs property was sold by W. C.
Fields, mortgagee, in Ooldaboro, on the
17th inst., and was purchased by J. A.
Bryan, Eta., of New Berne, for S3.215.
This is very valuable property and the
price paid is regarded as low.
Of the Baptist University, the Biblical
Recorder says: "By common consent,
the institution is to be of higher grade
than any other Female College in the
South. We have the brains, and the
scholarship, and the girls, and the
money to make it such, and such it
Wilmington Star: Seldom have we
witnessed as much feeling displayed
by our people, and of all conditions in
life, as was exhibited in this city yester
day afternoon when the startling an
nouncement was made that Dr. William
George Thomas was dead. Dr. Thomas
was born in Lou is burg, N. C, about the
year 1818, anl was seventy-two years
old. Ia 1851 he made Wilmington his
home aad has resided here since that
The Divie Times says that one of the
largest pair of shoes that was ever con
structed for the use of mortal man is
now being built for Reuben Oaither,
colored, by Mocksville's shoemaker,
Mr. Jas. Poplin. When Completed, this
enormous structure of leather will
measure 131 inches long and 5 inches in
width. They are considered as No. 14.
More than four pounds of leather was
used in tbem,
Wilmington Star: Mr. Warren O. El
liott. President of the Wilmington and
Weldon Railroad Company, arrived
here yesterday and made manv ac
quaintances among railroad officials
and citizens generally. He will make
Wilmington his permanent residence
some time next month. The Cham
ber of Commerce of Wilmington has
decided to bold a gala week in May or
June to celebrate the completion of the
uape rear and Yadkin Valley railroad
to that city.
Raleigh Correspondence of Wilming
ton Messenger: Rev. T. M. Joiner has
taken charge of the Northern Methodist
cnurcn at Oberlin, a negro village a
mile from here. He is rather a hard
looking customer, as far as looks go.
He arrived there Saturday and preaohed
his first sermon Sunday. He wilt be
remembered as the fellow who preaohed
social equality and that sort of thing
in Randolph county and was driven
away by the indignant people. He
then went to Washington, D. C. , but
soon returned to Oreensboro, where he
remained until be was sent to the
church at Brooklyn. The negroes do
not appear to have much faith in Joiner.
The latter still claims to be an English
man. He lives in Oberlin. near hia
church. He may be very sure that the
white people here have great oontemnt
Winston Daily: North Carolina now
has sixty Young Men's Christian As
sociations. These are expected to have
over 200 delegates at the State Conven
tion to be held at Qoldsboro on March
18th next. In his sermon last nisht.
Rev. Mr. Oattis stated that there were
new 240 preaohers in the North Caro
lina M. E. Conference, and that the
membership of the denomination (in
this State) numbered about 93,000. -A
gentleman named Wm. Lane was out
bunting with a rifle near Walnut Cove,
last week, and on returning home met
with Another gentleman, when the two
stopped and got into conversation. The
gentleman with the gun blew his breath
in tbe muzzle of his rifle whereupon
the gun want off. the ball passing
through his own head killing bim in
Raleigh Call; Major E. G. Harrellhas
returned from Morehead City, where
he went on business oonnected with tbe
N. C. Teaobers' Assembly and tbe
Southern Educational Association.
While there he arranged for a thorough
renovation of the Teachers' Assembly
building. He also arranged for the en
tertainment of teachers, during the
sessions, in both Morehead and Bean
fort. It is probable (hat there will be
two thousand North Carolina teachers
at the next Assembly, and as for the
Southern Educational Association, noti
fications or attendance have been re
ceived from teachers in every Northern
and soutnern State, and most of the
Western States These two great con
ventions of teachers meeting annually
at Morehead, together with the many
coming educational institutions of high
grade, will entitle North Carolina to
tbe name of "The Eiuoational State "
Let it be so. Dr. W. T. Harris, TJ. S.
Uommissioner ot Education, will at-1
tend the Educational Association.
Wilmington Messenger (Raleigh Cor
respondence): Hon. Han n la Taylor, of
Mobile, Ala., formerly of this State and
an alumnus of the University of North
Carolina, and the author of a great
work, "Tbe Origin and Growth of the
English Constitution," has received tbe
degree of LL. D. from the University
of Alabama.- There were 3,440 crimi
nal oases triad at the spring terms of
the courts in 1889, and of these SI were
for capital crimes. Of the latter 4
were sentenced. It appears like a small
proportion, but Attorney General David
eon tells me that in most States, and
perhaps countries, two per cent, is the
average of such convictions. Here
there was eight per cent. The summary
of tbe cases at tbe fall terms, and the
year's total will be given you this
week. There will probably be fewer
cases than at tbe spring terms. There
are more crimes during tbe winter
months, This is particularly the case
with regard to larceny, the most com
mon offence, and tbe one which puts
nearly two thirds the criminals in the
Three Incendiary Fires in Succession
at Rocky Mount.
RorKY Mount, Febiuary 18 Sunday
night tbe cotton seed warehouse of R.
D. Armstrong was burned to the ground;
Monday night the large carriage estab
lishment of Hackney Brothers was also
burned; and tonipht, about 7 o'clock,
the incendiary applied his torch to the
Floral Hall building at the Fair Grounds
and burned it down.
There is great excitement among the
eithsens here and everybody is on the
RA.LEIQH, Feb 20. A speoial to tbe
News and Observer from Rocky Mount
tonight regarding tbe negro troubles
there says: Captain Henry Thorpe re
ceived yesterday, through the post
ofHce, a notice saying that if tbe Light
Infantry were under arms last night
every member would be killed sooner
or later if the negroes had to shoot tbem
one by one from ambush. A notice re
ceived by the Farmers' Alliance said
the way and the only way to stop the
fires was to send a puree of three or
four hundred dollars to Prof. Martin,
of Petersburg. Martin is tbe negro
emigration agent who was advised to
leave town last week.
CRIME IN K0RTH CAROLINA.
Summary of Criminal Statistics of the
The Raleigh correspondent of the
Wilmington Messenger has prepared
the following interesting statistics from
the court record s of . the State for 1 889 :
It appears from the reports, which
are made under the new act for the col
lection of criminal statistics, that 7.695
cases were tried in 1869. Of the crimi
nals 4,409 were whites, 7 Indians and
3,279 blacks. The races, therefore,
held their own in the Drooortion of
crimes, as a reference to population will
show. This removes tbe current
opinion that there is more crime among
tbe blacks. There were more crimes in
the west than in the east, certainly
more of what may be termed cruel
crimes, as these reports show. Of the
7,65 criminals 6,841 were males and
849 females. The average of all was a
trine over bo cases to each county
There were 114 capital cases tried. The
division of these was as follows: F6r
murder, 58: rape, 18; arson, 6. and
burglary, 81. There were 9 convio
tions of capital offenses, divided as fol
lows: Burglary. 2; arson, 1: murder,
5, and rape, 1. There were two execu
tions of those convicted during this
year. There were, of course, other
executions during the year, of persons
convicted in 1888. but who had ap
pealed or been respited.
Of larceny there were 1,227 case?, and
of misdemeanor 6,854. The larceny
cases furnish tbe bulk of the peni
tentiary population. That crime is
more common in tbe east. Ia the west
assaults are most common. All over
the State there were many cases of
fornioation and adultery. Tbe defend
ants were in very many cases white
men and negro women; but in all the
State there were only nine cases in
which they were negro men and white
women. Ia one case a negro bad mir
ried a white woman. Both were tried
for fornication and adultery, and were
sent to jail, while the marriage was
Of the Indians tried five were Chero
kee and two Croatans. Of all the
criminals tried only one was a Jew,
and he was acquitted. In Warren
county a negro woman, Ritta Alexan
der, was tried for burglary. So far as
your correspondent knows this is the
only case where a woman has been
tried for tflia offence.
The more common crimes other than
larceny, are assaults, assaults and
batteries, assaults with intent to kill,
fornioation and adultery, retailing
liquor without license, carrying con
cealed weapons, disturbing religious
worship, forgery, maiming stock and
cruelty to animals and malicious mis
chief. Among crimes less frequent were
riots, wnioB occurred in three counties,
Moore, Wayne and Mitchell; escapes,
gambling, secret assaults, removal of
landmarks or boundaries, burning
buildings, not occupied, slander, reecue,
and enticing away laborers. Tbe latter
was more common in the west than in
Among what may be termed the rare
crimes were the following: Dynamiting
(in Maoon and Mitchell); grave robbery
(in Buncombe); highway robbery (in
Catawba and Cherokee); poisoning (in
Cumberland ) : selling unsound meat"
(in Haywood); blackmailing (in Jones):
waylaying (in Lenoir); burning church
(in Lincoln); abduction (in Mecklen
barb); "killing chickens',' (in Montr
gomery); libel by editor (Jn Moore) ;
inoest (in Wilkes end Nash); contempt
(in Swain); obstructing river (in Tran
sylvania) ; passing counterfeit money (in
Wilkes); "prohibiting" (in Yancy).
Only a few of tbe clerks reported as
to lynohings. Some say there has never
a lynching in their counties. Such re
ports come from Chowan, Duplin,
Graham, Madison, Onslow, Orange,
Randolph, Swain, Wake. Brunswick.
Cherokee. Cleveland, Craven, Jones,
Lincoln, Stanley, Warren and Yadkin.
A good many oases of escape were
reported. In one case (in Jackson) the
sheriff was tried for "escape, ' con
victed and sentenced to be removed
The average age of criminals is about
80 years. There are a considerable
number of young negro criminals, some
under 13 years of age.
A curious report is made by tbe olerk
ot Orange court: at the spring term.
1889, a man was tried for burglary and
aoquitted. Later in the year the real
criminal committed suicide. The clerk
of Randolph says that there has been
only one execution in the history of
that country. In Brunswick there has
been none in twelve years. The clerk
of Johnston suggests the restoration of
tbe whipping post as a punishment for
minor offences, while the clerk of
Moore says a better execution of tbe
laws is needed. There was a curious
sentence in Stokes, where a white wo
man, for f. and a., was sent to the peni
tentiary for two years and was then to
be given ten days in which to leave the
State. The olerk of Warren reports
that in that county there has been no
execution since 1878, and that was the
only one in fiftyyears.
Citizens Arrested br U. S. Marshals.
AUOCSTA. Ga.. Feb. 17. This morn
ing, at 4 o'clock, United States Deputy
Marshal Corbett, of Macon, and five
deputy marshals, appeared at Sharon,
Ga., and arrested during the day seven
teen prominent citizens of tbe town
and county, charged with intimidation
against E. S. Duckworth, tbe newly ap
pointed postmaster at Sharon. Ibe
marshals were armed with Winchester
rifles when they began making arrests,
but tbey met with no resistance, and
later in tbe day Marshal Corbett in
structed his deputies to lay aside their
guns, having been assured by those
under arrest and other citizens, that tbe
arrested parties would accompany
them voluntarily wherever ordered.
The entire party arrived in Augusta
tonight, and were taken to the Arling
ton hotel. They will have a hearing
tomorrow before United States Com
missioner Irvin Alexander. United
States District Attorney Marion E.
Erwin will be here to prosecute the
case. The warrants are based on testi
mony taken by postoffice inspectors who
have been at Sharon for several days
investigating the case.
The Chronicle will say in tomorrow's
issue: "Citizens of Sharon foolishly
showed their indignation against post
master Duckworth, because of tbe way
in which he received his appointments
While claiming to be a Democrat, he
promised if appointed to support tbe
Republican party. On account of his
duplicity tbey burned him in f fSgy
This was very silly, but tbe action of
the government officials in dragging
seventeen citizens from their homes is
an outrage on the rights and liberties of
the people. The President and Post-
maetsr General should be swift to con'
demn this exeroise of arbitrary power
It savors of the so called light of kings
rather than of a government of the
people, for the people, and by the peo
nle. The whole affair looks as if it was
gotten up to make a little cheap politi
cal capital at Washington."
AuaUBT., Ga., Feb. 18. The seven
teen prisoners from Sharon, brought to
Augusta last night, were given a hear
ing before United States Commissioner
Alexander today. They are charged
with unlawfully conspiring, combining
and agreeing together to prevertby
force, intimidation and threats, E. L.
Duckworth, postmaster at Sharon, from
discharging the duties of the office
The prisoners were bound over in tbe
sum of $600 each-to appear at tbe April
term of the United States Court, to be
held in August. All gave bond, and
left for their homes tonight. Tomorrow
United States Attorney Erwin will be
gin taking testimony in tbe case before
United State Commissioner Alexander
AuausTA. Ga.. Feb. 19. The taking
of testimony before United states torn
miscioier Alexander in tbe case against
the citizens of Sharon, Ga., charged
with conspiracy against and intimida
tion of Postmaster Deck worth, was
All the material facts have been mib-
lished. The record will probably estab
lish a technical case against the ac
cused, but, in viow ef the fact that no
personal violence was done Postmaster
Duckworth, and that he has been un
molested in the discharge of the duties
of bis office, it is thought that the case
may be disoiiseed nt the April term of
the United Static Couit to be held in
Good-wife Grundio grivP3 and groans,
Day and night, with ighe and moans
Wears her life away.
Good-wifo Uayheart fitigs and pmiles;
Time, the gray old thief, beguiles:
KeeDB as frt-'sh ae My.
The two woafa aro of the Bair.e ege.
but Good-wifo Gruudia looks fully fif
teen years the oldi r She it tbe victim
Of ill whicb mijti't l.o cured by the use
of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription.
Pain, '"female weakness" and low
spirits aro her constant companions.
Good-wife Gavheart, thanks to tbe
Prescription," cniovs perfect health
and seems to gro more young, viva
cious and agieea'lH tvury day. There
is nothing equal to this remedy for all
Both the method and resulls when
Syrup of Figs is taken; it is' pleasant
and refreshing to the taste, and acta
fently yet promptly on the Kidneys,
iver and Bowels, cleanses the sys
tem effectually, dispels colds, head-.
aches and fevers and cures habitual'
constipation. Syrup of Figs is the
only remedy of its kind ever pro
duced, pleasing to the taste and ac
ceptable tb the stomach, prompt in
its action and truly beneficial in its
effects, prepared only from the most
healthy and agreeable substances, ii .
many excellent qualities commend it
to all and have made it the most
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50c
and $1 bottles by all leading drug
gists. Any reliable druggist who
may not have it on hand will pro- t
cure it promptly for any one who
wishes to try it. Do not accept any
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Saw Mills, Steam Engines,
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