New Berne Weekly Journal … /
Aug. 14, 1890, edition 1 /
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a. - -
trsr Bzsaraw. a. auo. h itao.
- v THZXX U bo room for so
(irtas spirit t God ltr.
rl0WA DemoctsvU itse CleveUnd
ad Boies ft th President! a ticket
: Tax tailors of tli rice crop in
, Jtp&a bu caoMd much suffering
a4 asaaj deaths are reported from
OuwarTU Hbirni cls Lh OODula-
tioa of Attests, GS 65,414, aa in
tfMudomi the ceosaj period of
, 23,105, orer 75 per cent
k --!-C-a.sro returns show Chicago
latfnn of 1 09S.575. DlftO-
, mymm sei - i-
lag hr the aecond city in :opul.
. & , - a, w a. s a. a. -
tioa ia us uoiiea dic.
n Cals their wtekly trade
reriotr aaj tho state of trade
- al u ik aniiiitn a nrvA ii ril
- IdlVHtlHHM w j -ri
. a . A
- UUaXACbOTT tor mo acHwu.
. na who rtTea -piCMnre mcCuj
- arlth tt lTtnitnAM til the bond Of
friendahlp. aad the hook of love;
- ho who sows not, reaps noc uaaii.
, firoi n in ia li7tB am-
. " . . rvl T..K Vtnrtrla
i ' tii destroyed by fire on last Tsars
..tk.nlutvuftlnMl At 9225.-
IT is the cross that makes the
1; ma km Amid th tears of
rrief. peace keeps her place like
)Aa kMn tha anrav Of LDV
"' Tm (Tanai-al KlMliou held in
- -------- Lut ThOMdav went
. - Democratic. For the first time
siaco tho war tho Democratic ticket
- was sleeted in Chattanooga.
Tirm Saaato has adopted a con
V. correal resolution, expressing the
daalra of Confreaa for tho ruaoral
of tho roamaioa ot General Oram to
. ArUagtoa Kattoaai jemer.ery.
. nn - a Dt.i. fv.ilar
jsletfj remarks that the Repobli
. nans in uo agrees are naviug B
-tiaao these days looking piooa
... at " . ' .1 I .1 n I .. W.
Philadelphia- Record says
thai from the rr porta which it re
ceives from all parts of Peansjlva-
Bio. U looks like a ground a well lor
. Fattarm, tha Democratic nominee
ABXTO- are freely offered that
rSIaiao will wis. lie is moan ted
' OS) thoroaghbred Reciprocity back
oil by Maiae, Iowa, Michigan, Wia
cooaia, UiaaemKa, Illinou, Kansas
' THX Wilmington 8tar very truly
aaye fTho Bepablicana In Congress
hare so effectually wrecked the
1 treasury that they hara't any more
' money to boildlight-hoiues to save
Mpo from wrecking.
' THX Toroo bill is still to the fore
Beed says it shall pass if Congress
has to be held ia session until De
cember. This fellow Reed swells
arooad as if he were Dictator
General of the Continent.
THX Prohibitionists of Peonsyl
Tenia who hare 30,000 votes hare
decided not to pat a ticket ia the
. field, because they do not wUh to
iajoro tho chances of PattUon, the
Democratic nominee. (
Tax sorest method of arriving
ot a knowledge of God's eternal
porpooes abont as is to be foand in
Jtho right use of the present moment.
Each hoar comes .with some little
fagot of God will faatened npon
'' its badcFaber.
Tax higherand more cooeecrated
tho individual life, the clearer will
probably be its recognition of its
dependence npon and guidance by
tho God who is aeknowledgeVl in all
Its 'ways. Cumberland Preaby
IT ia going tbe roanda lnt "a
colored brother said be could talk
: saoro religioa ia five miDntes than
ho could live ia t wo w ee is." There
is ao'aeed of drawing the color line
hero. M en of all races fall short of
Tax ignorance of the BepnUi
eaao ia regard to tbe South ia
oetooedisje. Every measure they
' adopt to emsh out tbe spirit of our
jMopte makrs the Booth more solid
and roast ap tbe Democratic ma
Joritj with a rash and a whoon.
Bo: 'Governor Fowle liau Dot
- said that if Federal Supervisors
come into North Carolina be "will
thrash the filling out of their
ehiris,'' but, In that event be atund
ready to help pile a p the biggest
Democratic majority ever known
ia the old North State.
Tax Senate substitute for tbe
Lodge bill has been reported to the
Senate. It is a slight modification
of tho original bill. The senate
bill ia as violative of the fundamen
tal principles of the Government as
the House bill is. Tbe snake is
smaller bat its poLjon remains.
Tax An ti Lottery - League of
.Lontsiana has issued an address to
tho people of the United States,
denouncing the Louisiana Company
ts fraudulent in every, respect, and
atemorallzing the President and
Congreaa to bring about such legis
lation, aa will break down the power
f the con sera.
THX response from the South to
the proposed Force bill and Tariff
bill ia emphatic and unmistakable,
counties la Kentucky that went
" tor Harrison in 1838 have been
doabled. Alabama follows upon
'"the heels of Kentucky. Tbe Demo
crata sweep a very thing before them.
.;. Tax Contention at Fayetteville
'. oa tho 9th was large and enthnsi
wesUc, tat a resolution endorsing
Senator Vance and instructing the
candidates for the Legislature to
vote for his re-election to the United j
States Senate was tabled. Not-1
withstanding this action of tbe
Convention both candidates for tbe
House are Vance men.
We are told that the Gospel i
osiog its power, that tbe ship of
Zion is going to wreck. Let U
take one illustration of the cou
tinned vitality and irrenisU'jlti force
of the truth as it ia in Jeu . Fifty
years ago tbe Feejee Islanders weie
cannibals. Now they are conspicu
oualy a Christian people and beside
supporting the Gospel among them
selves, they contribute $20,000 a
year to Foreign Missions. This
fact ia worth a thousand arguments
THE fact is that between the
unpopular Tariff bill and tbe in
famous Force bill the Republican
majority is about demoralized.
The Fall Congressional elections
will transfer that party from a ma
jority party to a minority parly in
the Ilouse, and tbe radical gentle
men who have transcended all pre
cedent in shutting off debate and
violating tbe Constitution and par
liamentary law, will have a fine
opportunity of illustrating their
own methods npon tuemsetves n
tbe Democrats should choose to
apply them. Perhaps one of the
best things that could happen for
the Democracy woald be further
and stronger efforts to pass this
bill, or its actual passage. Norfolk
THSBE is not tbe slightest danger
of Senator Vance being "allowed
a chance to meditate ou the
pleasures of private lite for a sea
son," for the people oi norm
Carolina, Alliance men and non
Alliance men, know Senator Vance
too well and appreciate his services
too much to entertain for a moment
the idea of cilling on any one else
to fill the place which he has filled
with such distinguished ability,
with such credit to himself and
such honor to them. There may
be a difference of opinion between
him and some members of tbe
Alliance on certain questions in
which they are interested, and a
few of tbe more inconsiderate of
these might oppose bis re election
on this account, but tbey will meet
with no encouragement from tbe
people of this State, nor this effort
if it should be made. In all the
essentials, where there is ground
to stand upon, the Alliance men
who have stood shoulder to shoulder
with Senator Vance these many
years in battling for tbe rights of
the people and their protection
from unjust exactions, know they
have not and can't find within the
borders of the State a truer friend
nor an abler defender. Wilming
THE ttEOBGlA COSVENT10X-K0R-THEK3.
COOX A.X'D GORDON.
We are pleased with the action
of the Georgia convention. Tbe
nomination of W. J. Northern, for
Governor has been claimed as an
Alliance victory. It is not an Al
liance victory, pure and simple.
It is true Captain Northern is a
member of the Alliance, but he was
a Democrat before tbe Alliance ex
isted.He has been before the people
of Georgia for more than twenty
years and has held many positions
of public trust. Indeed we doubt
if any Georgian has impressed him
self upon the legislation of Georgia
in tbe last ten years more than Wm.
J. Northern. Ue is no novice in
state craft. It will be remembered
that for several weeks Captain
Northern and Col. Hardeman can
vassed the State as rival candi
dates for tbe Democratic nomina
tion. Eventually Hardeman retired
from tbe race, saying, "Bill North
ern is as good a Democrat as I am,
and I will not stand in the way of
union and success.''
We repeat we ape glad Northern
is nominated. He is a man ot affairs,
thoroughly posted on tbe questions
of the day. He stood well in col
lege, has succeeded in life and is
worthy of any honor bis State can
confer upon him.
We are equally pleased with the
nomination of General Cook for
Secretary of State. What soldier
of the Army of Northern Virginia
does not remember General Phil
Cook f North Carolinians know
and respect him, for he commanded
the Georgia brigade of Kodes
division. After the war be served
several years in Congress and was
succeded by Mr. Crisp.
It is gratifying to Southern men
and women that the late Georgia
convention endorsed the adminis
tration of Gov. Gordon. If the
Governor baa a fault it is one that
makes the people love him more
he never hesitated to show his
devotion to tbe South, and some
times his zeal leads him into indis.
ere tion. His advocacy of the
boycott was injudicious, but such
ndisoretion will never rob him of
the love of Georgians. Georgians
did right to endorse Gordon, for
take him all and ali, he is the
noblest Roman of tbem aJl.
A piatiorm oi principles was
adopted. In brief it reads as fol
lows : Tbe Democratic party of
Georgia, in convention assembled,
hereby renews its pledges to po
litical principles set forth in the
National Democratic platform ol
1S88. We favor correcting all
abuses of tbe government by strict
reliance upon the integrity and
ability of tbe Democratic party ;
we point with pride to the ability
and fidelity with which affairs of the
State have been managed by our
distinguished Governor, John B.
Gordon, and other State House
officers; we will heartily support
the nominee of this convention.
and call npon all Democrats to
support the party nominations in
the various distiics and counties of
VANCE AND THE FARMERS
Inasmuch as the relation that
Vance and the farmers sustain to
each other is foremost in tbe minds
of the people of North Carolina,
we yield our editorial columns to
the reixtrt of a speech made by
Mr. Vance in the Senate last Satur
"Tl:e taiiff bill was then taken
up, tho question being on Mr.
Butler'rt amendment to paragraph
134, page 27, to reduoo the duty on
cotton ties to 35 er cent, ad va
lorem. "Mr. Vance made an amusing
speech in ridicule of the claim that
the farmer derived any benefit
: Irom the tariff. The manufacturer
on woolen goods, he said, who got
75 per cent, protection on his
goods said to the farmer, ;If you
give me o per cent, protection on
my woolen goeos against rngnsn as In China; by beheading, as in
and French manntactures 1 will in Switzerland audDenmaik; by
give you 25 cents per bushel pro-1 shooting, as in the ordinary cases
tection on your wheat, and 10 cents jof military law and in some por-
per bushel protection on your corn !
against hngland,' that does not
grow a bushel of corn and doesn't
grow one filth of tho wbeat that
her people eat. One got cash, and
the other promises. Cash was
'the short run' and promises were
'the long run.' Whenever the
manufacturer got tired of reaping
tbe benefit of tbe bargain on bis
side be agreed to let tbe farmer get
his 'inning?.' So far the manu
facturer had proved remarkably
long winded. He had not shown
the slightest Bign of being tired.
The nature of the bargain between
the farmer and the manufacturer
was well illustrated "by the offer of
one urchin to another : 'Jim, if you
give me a bite of your big red apple
I will show you my sore toe.'
Laughter. If the Senators in
sisted on tripling the existing tax
on cotton ties, might not, he asked,
when some of tbem were on the
hustings talking about protection
to American labor, some man in
the audience Bay with great pro
priety, 'that is a lie; you know
that you are not for protecting all
American labor, for several mil
lion bales of cotton are oppressed
by a tax three times greater than
that imposed upon many other
articles.' He confessed that be
bated to see a new industry rise in
this country, because it was sure to
be pauper saddled on the Treas
ury." "Mr. Hoar inquired whether that
feeling applied to industries al
"Mr. Vance replied that it did
not. He hoped to see, before he
died, American manufacturers
dourish just as American agricul-J
turists flourished. 'Prophets and
kings desired it long, but without
sight.' He hoped to see tbe Ameri
can- manniactnrers nourisn oy ine
sweat of their brows and by their
over honest industry, instead of
by tbe sweat of the brows of his
people and of their honest indus
try. Every time that a new mine
was discovered or new industry
established, it was immediately
fostered upon the public treasury,
and now, for fear lest there might
come a king woo anew not Josepn
in other words a Democratic
majority, which did know tbe
people, it had been thought neces
sary to provide by tbe last will and
tee tarn eat of the Eepublican Con
gress for such paupers as might
hereafter be born in lawful wed
lock to that community; or, in
unlawful wedlock either. So there
Was to be an opening made for
some manafacture ot cotton ties to
be established, and it was said to
be the dnty of Senators not to
provide for the infant when it
came, but to provide for it before
it came. Who, he asked, as was
to be the recipient of taxation on
cotton ties before that infant was
born and baptized T There was no
way, he declared in which the
proposed increase of dnty on cotton
ties could be looked at that was
defensible not a single solitary
one. Tbe most deserving, because
the most useful, in a commercial
point of view, of all agricultural
products of the United States, was
taxed to death in all processes of
its growth and production, and was
then taxed a farewell shot, as the
bale left the gin house, of 103 per
cent, on ties that enveloped it, and
and this is not for the benefit of
American manufacturers of cotton
ties, for there were none, and not
for tbe benefit of tbe treasury, for
the bill was one to reduce revenue,
but out of pure 'cussedness,' and
because the Republican party bad
got so used to taxing things that
they could not stop."
Died in this place on the ISth
ult., Maggie, the little daughter of
J. B. Hattie, aged one year, of con
gestion of tbe brain
T. A. Powers, the contractor for
our Bayboro and Stonewall high
school building, has about com
pleted, and from appearances he
has made an excellent job, and
W. A. Kedditt is applying the
paint brush, and in a short while it
win do reaay lor service, ana a
better job both carpenter's and
painter's is seldom equaled. W.
A. Uedditt, while at work on the
inside painting upstairs, got pain
fully hurt. The stage on which be
was standing gave way and be fell
a distance of 17 or 18 feet to the
lower floor, but luckily was not
seriously hurt, and was all right
and at work in three or four days.
I have just arrived from a trip to
Aurora, and it was a gratifying
sight to see the crops looking so
promising. Corn is safe for an
abundant yield, and the prospect
for cotton was never equaled. The
fear is a storm and worms, and if
they are escaped I believe that the
South Creek section and Pamlico
county will be sure of an average
of 450 lbs. per acre. Mr. Lamb
Brown and many others will be
sure of 500 or GOO lbs. lint cotton
per acre. It is well worth a trip to
the farms of Messrs. Joe Peed,
H. H. Brown, L. M. Brown, Alex,
Cuthrell and in fact all that section
of Beaufort county and the whole
of Pamlico. So just all come who
wish to see what our section can
do. We are open for inspection.
Is very liable to follow contact
of the hands or face with poison
ivy, especially in hot weather
or if the body is perspiring
freely. The trouble rnay sub
side for a time, only to appear
in aggravated form when oppor
tunity offers. The great puri
fying powers of Hood's Sarsa-
parilJa thoroughly eradicate
every trace of poison from the
blood, as the cures it has
accomplished conclusively show.
it also cures scrofula, salt rheum
and all other affections arising
from impure or poisoned blood.
KtHMLtlt A FIONKEK.
THE VAKIOl'S METHODS ( 1
CIAL KILLING SO F
The wretch who died in Auburn
prison the other day was pioneer.
His death inaugurated a new meth
od of judicial killing. Since history
began men are known to have been
killed, under the law, by thirty
five methods that one employed
recently being the lat. The list of
offences which were punishable by
death has grown smaller since the
time of Moses, when thirty three
acts of crime and indiscretion were
capital offence, and the ways of
meting out doath have d.miinshen
until, in substance, excutions at tho
present day are either ly the
guillotine as in France, Uavaiia,
Hanover, Belgium, and Saxony :
by the garroto, as in Spain ; by de
capitation or hanging, as in llusi.i ;
hv srrancn ation or ( ecaint.t h:i.
" : . . .. 1
tion of Germany and South Amen
ca: by decapitation, as in 1'russia,
and in other countries, and par
ticularly in the United States,
universally by hangiDg, that being
the old common law method of
execution inherited by the colonies
from Great Britain.
Time was away back in the e iis
human blood was held literally ho
cheap that a mnrderer might buy
back his life, as in China, where
dread of death was so f-light and
life so worthless that there are re
corded iustances in which substi
tutes' were bought by a bonus to
their families to undergo the penal
ty of death instead of tbe murderer.
In England, down to 1S.52, house
breaking and horse stealing were
capital crimes, and not until so
late as 1801 was the gamut ofcapi
tal crime narrowed to two ofFencee,
mnrder and treason. In Massa
chusetts, in 1()50, seventeen of
fences weie I'unished with death ;
140 years later there were only four
of the origin-il reventeen: and to
day the ol.l State etaiids with her
lellows in the Iit of extreme sins.
In the time while Massachusetts
was killing obstinate children and
persons who swore William Penn
was founding the State of Pennsyl
vania. At tuat time tuo eartn Knew
of 200 capital ollVnces, buu Penn
cut down the list when making the
laws of the now keystone State to
one murder. And here are the
means employed under the law
since history began of killing State
1. Auto da J meaning "act of
faith," used at the public execu
tions of persons coudemned to death
upon trial anil sentenced by the
Spanish Inqnisition. (A designa
tion rather thau a mode.)
3. Beating With Clubs. In
very early times South African
tribes, particularly the Hottentots,
who had no written laws only the
laws of usage put their condemned
to death with clubs, the chief of the
kraal or village striking the first
blow and the popnlace ending the
execution. Greek slaves also were
beaten to death.
3. Beheading, Decapitation.
The Greeks and Komans cut the
beads off their capital offenders.
John Baptist died thus. Earl
Waltheof, beheaded by William
the Conqueror in 1075, was the
first Englishman to die by behead
ing, which was deemed the most
honorable way of receiving capital
punishment. The rebel lords of
1745 were the last to dio thus in
England. China and Japan cm
ployed this method of capital pun
ishment, and do now. Swords and
axes, as distinguished from the
guillotine, were used in olden days.
4. Blowing from cannon.
Death thus came to criminals bound
before the cannon's mouth, or
thrust into the bore and tired out
aa part of tbe load. India.
5. Boilng. The Bishop of
Rochester, in 1531, was poisoned
by his cook, John Koose, and liooBe
was boiled to death. Several exe
cutions took place by boiling under
Henry VIII., water being usuillj
the fluid, also melted lead and
6. Breaking on the Wheel.
Germany contrived this mode ol
death away back in the tenth cen
tury. It was, however, only a
special form of beating to death.
The prisoner was bound upon the
periphery or upon the cross-bars or
spokes of a wheel, and arms and
limbs were caushed by blows of
bludgeons or iron rods, the vitals
being untouched. Thus death was
slow. France and England also
used the wheel in the sixteenth
7. Burning The fagots of death
first burned in the name of re
ligion, though civil governments
have employed flames as execu
tioners instance the Komans and
Jews of ancient times. The old
Britons punished heinous crimes
by burning the offenders in wicker
baskets. This form of death was
suffered in the colonial times ol
this country. Chinese Emperor
Tcheon, instigated by his favorite
concubine, adopted a brass cylin
der upon which criminals were
bound and roasted by tires within
the cylinder. Scti II, Shah ol
Persia, stretched victims upon a
slab, bored innumerable holes in
their bodies, in the holes lighted
tapers were inserted in thud oil.
A Gallic and British method was
to burn criminals in cages ot
wicker-work in the form of some
well known idol.
8. Burning Alive. Barbarous
tribes and civilized countries have
buried criminals to the hips, or to
the neck and shoulders, then they
were beaten to death or left tc
9. Crucifixion. The exact ori
gin of the cross is in doubt. Semi
ramis is credited with its ineven
tion. It is held, also, to have been
a gradual growth among bar
barous tribes as a cruelty of war.
Nearly all records say its use was
very ancient and very general
among all communities but the
Jews. Crucifixion was abolished
for Christian countries by the
Emperor Constantine, and at the
present day its nse is confined to
the Mohammedans. A punishment
analogous to crcuifixion was onre
practiced in the West India Islands.
Tbe offender was suspended upon
a post by a hnge hook inserted
under his shoulder or under his
10. Decimation. Visited upon
military offenders, notably muti
neers. A whole regiment might be
involved, and death to all would
have been slaughter. The mas-
sacree of a whole regiment might
not be wise on the eve of battle.
Every tenth man was chosen in a
mutinous troop for death upon a
given occasion. None knew at the
fatal discbarge who was to fall,
thus the entire trcop was kept
under terror of death until an en-
should have de-
. 1 1L Dichotomy. The operation j the cord, 1 electricity, in 29 execu
AU known. ;of cutting in two parts bisecting, i tions are public and in 7 they are
tamiliar in Bible record,
mil also :
a Babylonian custom
1 - Dismemherment. Tearing
the body forcibly asunder, as in
the case of Jtavaillac, who assassin
ated llenrv IV. in 1G10. Not so
much a distinct made of punis
men t as an atrocious accompani- .
ment of a death penalty. Drawing
and quartering was an adjunct.
13. Drowning. Syria, Greece,!
Rome, nml Persia employed thisi
method in former times. The!
usage was to weight the body and '
then ca-t it into deep water. The j
Duke of Clarence, who protested ,
against unjust acts ot his brother, ;
Hlwaid IV., u is said, was:
drowned in a butt ot Malmsey
14. EXI'USI'UK TO W ILD 15KASTS.
Bible records tell of this method,
and in Oriental countries this form
of death is said not to be obsolete
Thirty ears ago Biilish prisoners
were delivered to a den of serpents
by Sepoys. In Cochin China
adulterous women were trampled
to death by an elephant trained for
15. Flaying Alive. Stripping
the tkin from the body ot the
condemned while he yet lived was .
formeily done in England. It was
scarcely regarded as a punishment
in the judicial sense.
1G. Flogging Knout. This1
means of inflicting death included
, the forms of scourging and whip
ping and was primarily ued hi
European countries Russia sti.i
uses the Unouf tu hill criminal
sawug the vitals for the Una!
1 7 ,C ARliOTE. this mods Of c.Xee.i
i tion teems to ha o been original
: devised by the Moors and Arab-,,
i and to have been taken f ront fen
j by the Spaniards, tiom whom ir
nas been transmitted to i lie bp i .
colonics in America. In the -.m
est form it consisted in iii.,.'
placing a cord round the u rk ui
the criminal, who was seated on ;
chair fixed to a post, and ilieu
twisting the cord by means ol a
stick inserted between it and the
back of the neck until strangulation
was produced. Afterwards a brass
collar was used, containing a screw
which the executioner turned till
its point entered the spinal marrow
where that unites with the brain,
eausing instantaneous death. This
method was seriously considered
by the commission, which prepared
a new form of capital punishment
this State and which chose the
electric bolt instead.
IS. GUILOTINE Decapitation
by means cf an instrument first
urged, if not invented, by Dr.
Ignacd Gullitin. of Lyons, France,
to supplant the axe and block.
Guillotin bimselt barely escaped
death by his own machine duriug
the reign of terror. The neck of
the criminal is fastened between
two grooved poste, down which
shoot a heavy knife, the section
being made at the root of the neck
In 17D3 twenty-one Girondists
wero dispatched in thirty-one
minutes. At a later date it was the
boast or a French executioner that
he disposed of sixty-two subjects
in forty-five minutes. Germany,
the Netherlands, Rome, Italy,
England, and Scotland have each
used the guillotine or like instru
ments since 1551, France using it
Hanging. This method was
probably introduced iu the Roman
dominions soon after Emperor
Canstantine abolished crucifixion.
20. Haki Kari. A curious
panishment attributed to Japan,
it consists in the condemned man
disemboweling himself by ripping
his abdomen open with swords
thrusts, first upwards, then across
It is said this ia done in obedience
to a judicial sentence. Other
statements are that the criminal,
pending proceedings against him,
is given the option of thus commit
ting suicide, in which case bis
family, and not the State, may
enjoy his property.
IV. Impalement. The subject
was thrust downward upon the
point of a spear fastened in the
ground. In Siam a stake of wood
was driven lengthwise through the
body of the criminal, the point
coming out at the stomach or
shoulders. The body was then
lifted and tho stake was driven
into the earth.
22. Iron Maiden. A contriv
ance for causing death by sheer
compression. Used iu Scotland.
23. Peine Forte et Dure.
This consisted in placing upon the
chest a weight that should suffice
to gradually reduce the breathing
to a minimum. Not strictly a
capital punishment, but a means ol
compelling accused to plead to in
dictment. 24. Poisoning. Death caused
by poisinous drugs. The death of
Socrates made the mode familiar.
25. Pounding in a Mortar.
The Bible is held as authority for
the use of such means of death.
20. Precipitation. Romans
cast criminals to death from moun
27. Pressing to Death.
Bending together of the legs to the
thighs, the thighs on to the belly,
and the pressure applied till the
criminal had no form save that of a
globe. Also pressute between iron
28. The Hack. Chiefly used as
an instrument of torture, the limbs
being torn from their sockets by
means of windlasses.
29. Running the Gauntlet.
A military punishment most lami
liar in Russia. The coudemned
passed between two rows of soldiers
each of whom was forced to strike
the naked offender with a rod or
whip. An authenticated case in
volved 2,61fJ strokes to produce
death, tho subject beiDg torn to
30. Shooting. Method of exe
cuting millitary offenders.
31. Stahbing. A millitaiy
method ol killing iu Rome, France,
and Germany. Tho subject was
made the centre of a circle of
spearsmen, who, narrowing tneir
circle, finally filled the coudemned
32. Stoning. A Mosaic form of
33. Strangling. By the
bowstring, as in the laud of the
Ottoman; by the cord, as in Portu
gal and China, and by immersion
in mud or clay, after which the cord
was tightened, as done by the an
cients. 34. Suffocation. Among the
Persians, by shutting the criminal
in a tower, where a wheel constant- J
ly cast up ashes about him. In j
Algiers criminals were smoked to :
35. Electrocuting. For the!
first time in history upon Kemmler
Ten powers or States today use
the guillotine, 19 the sword, 3 the
gallows, 2 the muskefc. 1 the axe. 1
Tin Longest Day.
It is quite important, when
speaking of the longest day in the
year, to say what part of tbe world
we are calking about, aa ill be
seen by reading the following list,
which tells the length of the longest
day in several places. How
unlortunato are the children in
tornea, Finland, where Christmas
Day is less than three hours in
At Stockholm, Sweden it is
eighteen and one half hours in
At Spitzbergen the longest day
is three and one half months.
At London, England: and Bre-
men, j. lussia, iub longest uay nas
sixteen and one half hours.
At Ilamgurg, in Germany, and
1 1 . i i . -, , l
Dantzig, in Prussia, tho longest
day has seventeen hours. !
A t- hn.i. X- . - . I. i
longest day lasts from May 21 to
July 22, without interruption. !
At St, Petersburg, Russia, and
Toblosk, Siberia, the longest day is
nineteen hours, and the shortest
At Tornea, Finland, June 21
brings a day nearly twenty-two i ?" " ',V , -hours
long, and Christmas one less I Asm.NtnoN, D C, Aug.,. by. ,
than three hours in length. I rTT V 'old)0ro'- 6 ; .
At v v. .i- i.,t ...... ;. i MY Dear but: our favor of
about fifteen hours, and " nr,
Montreal. Canada, it i sixteen
A PUOL1FIC FAHILV
uiatroiii Contributions of tlie Camn
to the Census Returns.
Dalton, Ga., Aug. 5. "Are
you descended from one of the
twenty-three?" is one of the first
questions asked when you intro
duce Mr. Camp to Mr. Camp,
which is explained as follows:
Thomas Camp, of Rutherford
county, N. C, had ten sons and
one daughter by his first wife.
He married again, as his second
wife. Miss Margaret Carney, of
North Carolina, and had by her
ten sons and two daughters.
Then he died. The twenty
three children of Thomas Camp
were, as might have been ex
pected, a prolific and stalwart
race. Only one of them, a
daughter, however, approached
the fathers record. She had
At a reunion a few years ago
in Douglas county, Ga., fully
three thousand persons were
present. Yesterday at the resi
dence of the late Major William
A. Camp, near Dalton, Ga.,
assembled all of nis seven sons
and their descendants in a
family reunion, the occasion
being their mother's seventieth
Mr. W. A. Camp, of Augusta,
Ga., is compiling a record of the
descendants of his great grand
father, Thomas Camp, of North
Carolina, and wishes all the
Camps to write, him a history of
their branch of the tree.
Confidence In Vance.
HOOKERTON, N. C, Aug 3.
Thejfollowing resolutions were
adopted by the Ormandsville
sub-Alliance, No. 472, at its first
meeting in August 1S90, with
the request that you publish the
J. A. Ld wards, Jr., Sec'y.
Whereas, the Farmer's Alli
ance is not a political organiza
tion and under its constitution
as a body should not have
anything to do with partisan
politics; and whereas, its
membership consists of indi
viduals from different political
parties, and whereas, we urge
against any class feeling or
legislation, and whereas, the
editor of the Progressive
Farmer in the 8th of July
number has seen fit to make, as
we think, an unjust and also
an injudicious attack upon our
honest and well tried friend,
Senator Z. B. Vance; therefore
Resolved, By Ormandsville,
Farmers' Alliance, No. 472, of
Greene county, N. C.
1st, That we do believe the
course adopted by our honorable
Senator, to be manly, open and
candid, and that the facts in the
case do not justify the adverse
criticism of the editor of the
said paper and that Senator
Vance's action in the matter has
in no degree shaken our
confidence in his sincere devo
tion to the best interest of his
constituents a very large major
ity of whom are farmers.
2nd, That a copy of these
resolutions be spread upon the
minutes of this lodge, and that
a copy be forwarded by the
Secretary to the Progressive
Farmer and News and Observer
Sirutk by a Wblrlwlnl oil Cape IIM
teras Riffalng Lost.
Norfolk, Va., August 7.
The schooner, John S. Davis,
Captain Green, from Philadel
phia to Jacksonville, with a
cargo of coal was struck by a
violent whirlwind on the night
of the -fth instant, off Cape Hat
teras which carried away all
her light spars, rigging and
sails. She bore away for Nor
folk and arrived to-day. A
survey has been held on the
vessel", which is a large three
masted schooner, and repairs
Dr. Gregory's treat Invention,
Dr. R. K. Gregory has
returned from Washington, D.
C, where he has been in the
interest of his inventions,
namely a fluid and a bandage
for the treatment of wounds.
The Doctor says while in
Washington Monday, he got
patents on both bis fluid and his
bandage in the following
countries: United States, Russia,
He says he could easily have
gotten $250,000 for it when in
Washington, and that the value
of this invention is estimated to
be $20,000,000. Greensboro
With Ely's Cream Balm a child can
be treated without pain or dread and
with perfect safety. Try the remedy.
It cures catarrh, hay fever and colds in
the head. It is easily applied into the
nostrils and gives relief with the first
application. Price 50c.
The richest genius, like the most
fertile soil, when uncultivated,
shoots up into the rankest weeds,
and instead of vines and olives for
the pleasure and use of man, pro
duces to its slothful owner the most
abundant crop of poisons.
SENATOR VANCE'S LETTER.
The letter of Senator Vance of
the Hth inst, addrcssscd to a
gentleman of (ioldsboro in reply
to an inquiry as to what changes
he made in tho sub-Treasury bill
before introducing it. is timely,
and we hasten to give it to miv
The clause of the Constitution
to which the Senator refers is as
follows: "Ho (the President)
shall nominate, and by and with
the consent of the Senate shall
apQjjnt ambassadors. other
public ministers and consuls,
judges of the supreme court and
all other otji -, , v -0f the United
States, whose appointments are
not herein otherwise provided
, - ' , ,
r oflicers as
ier, in the
the courts of
ids of depart
j," .,. ., , ...
1LBl,u . ll
law vv 111 1,1
is the letter as- taken
(joldsburo Arcrus :
! 2nd inst. , has been received.
take Pleasure in answering it.
take pleasure in
j but I am compelled for want of
time to bij very brief.
The bill as l'ulk and Macule
1 handed it to me contained a pro
vision that the supervisors of
warehouses who were to be
agents of the Treasury Depart
ment, should h" elected by the
qualified voters of each county
wherein the warehouse was to
he situated. I did change that
and provided that they should
be appointed by the Secretary of
the Treasury. Please get a copy
of tho Constitution and look at
the second clause of Section
Article 2, and you will see why.
There is no greater danger to
the good cause of the farmers
than that it should be entrusted
to the management of leaders
who could not frame a bill
without directly violating in
this way the plain language of
the Constitution so plain, in
fact that a schoolboy cannot
misunderstand it. I made no
other changes in the bill except
to change the word sub-Treasury
and substitute '"bonded agricul
tural warehouses,'' for the
reason that there is an old
political prejudice against that
name sub-Treasury. Those who
charge me with thus changing
the provision of the bill iu order
to make it unpopular are guilty
of falsehood and absurdity. I
was and am friendly to the pur
poses of the bill, and to every
thing that the farmers wish that
can be granted them within the
fundamental law of my country.
If their cause is wisely directed
it will triumph as sure as there
is justice upon earth. It is a
pity that it should be handi
capped at the very start by a
measure so unconstitutional and
impracticable. May God give
them wisdom to do right and
I thank you for your kind
expressions for me personally.
Vcrv truly vours,
Z. B. Vance.
The Cliolcn-. Increasing MuttDy In the
Cairo, Aug. 8. The cholera
shows no signs of abatement at
Jeddab. Ther? are 170 cases of the
worst type of tbe disease in that
city. The authorities have forbid
den pilgrims who have, becu to
Mecca to embark at Jeddah
Troops have been sent to guard
all points on the lied sea where
persons from Arabia are likely to
land. The cruisers assist in main
tainiug the cordon. The cholera
mortalitv at Jeddah continues
about 100 daily.
London, Aug. 8. A portion of
the army service crops attached to
the garrison at Chatham have
mutinied. They alleged that their
sergeants were imposing vexations
and needless duties upon them
without authority from thtir su
ALABAMA SOLIDKlt THAN I'SlAL
Tlic Democratic Majority Larger Than
Ever Composition of tbe
Montgomery, Ala., August
Returns from the election
show the Democratic majority
to be unusually large, but the
exact figures cannot be ascer
tained before Saturday. In the
General Assembly there is no
Republican or Independent in
the Senate, and in the House
there are only three Republicans
and one Independent.
SEW THUL GRAM ED
.N t K ro
Onancock, August S, 1S00.
Judge Gillett, of Accomac
County court, has granted a new
trial in the case of Moses Roberts,
the colored youth who was sev
eral days ago convicted of an
attempt to commit an assault
on the person of a white woman
named Jennie Satchell and sen
tenced to four years in the peni
It is vtry important in this age of
vast material progress that a remedy
be pleaeing to tho taeto and to the eye,
easily taken, acceptable to ths Btomach
and healthy ia its nature and effects
Possessing these qualities. Syrup o
Figs is the one perfect lax itive and
most gentle diuretic known.
It is a little remarkble that when
one rehearses a conversation be
tween ono's self and another, one
always ends with what "I said."
This is invariably an unanswerable
dictum. If you dou:t beleve it you
ask. "What did he say to that!''
And this is what yoy'll get: "Oh, I
don't know ; not much of anything."
Everything Goes Wrong
In tho bodily mechanism when the
liver gets out of order. Constipation,
dyspepsia, contamination of the blood,
imperfect assimilation are certain to
ensue. But it is easy to prevent these
consequences, and remove their cause,
by a course of Hostetur's Stomach
Bitters, which siimulates the biliary
organ and regulates its action. The
direct result- in a d Happc-arance of the
pains beneath the ribs and throuRh tl e
shoulder bladen, the nausea, headaches,
yellowness of tne skin, furred look cf
the tongue, and sour odor of tho breath,
which characterize liver complaint.
Sound digestion and a regular habit of
body are blesbings aUo secured by the
use of this celebrated restorative of
health, wbich imparts a degree of vigor
to the body which is the best guarantee
of safety from malarial epidemics.
Nerve weakness and over tension are
relieved by it, nd it improves both
appetite and sleep. I
Fort Barnwell Items.
1 Oh, my! what beautiful moon
! light nights we are having,
j The protracted meeting at
I Lane's Methodist Protestant
j chapel, c1.,s.m1 last Tuesday with
' Wonder what the ladies leave
! the village so often for. Boys
leant you g, t up a little fun or
i amusement. What say you?
j A protracted meeting will
begin at Barnwell. the :ird
Sunday in August.
( ur boys relieve t lie monotony
of the hot days by trying their
fast teams on the road to
"What did you say?" '"Only
getting ready" is some chat we
heard some of our young ladies
using. Wonder what it means.
Watermelons are certainly at
the climax now. They are
going two for a nick' "or the
cart load for twenty cents and a
musk melon thrown in.
Applications are being made
t" rent stores in the village. If
our progressive men would
convert a few dollars into houses
thcjnvestment would pay.
( ur little village has just gone
through the dullest season of the
year. Hope we won't have
many such seasons. If we do
some may come out of the little
end if the horn.
col. l. l,. polk:
.11 n U .
11 trtiii Nimri at MarkvMI,
1 AKKV1L.LK, Miss., Aug. S-The
Suite Farmers' Alliance has been
in .-ssiou here lor three days past,
vi;h Mxty five counties represented
by three hundred members. Col,
L L. Polk, preeidentof the Nation
al Order arrivtd this morning and
was grtctt-d by a salute of twenty
eight guns as he stepped Irom tbe
train. The enthusiasm knew no
bounds. Hurrahs and hats alike
reut th'.- itir. Ibi wi8 conducted to
the h ill iimi delivered an address
tu th lijdy in secret session, and
announced that he would make an
addicss to the members and public
at U:.')0 p. ui.
At the hour named the hall was
packed with interested people.
Many ladies graced the assemblage.
For over two hours he spoke with
a profundity of thought and elo
quence and sublimity of patriotism
that had never been eurpassed, if
equalled, in Mississipi.
The scene at his conclusion
beggars description. Not a dry
eye was to be seen, and the con
gratulations showered upon him for
nearly half an hour were such as
not only to swell with pride hisown
heart, but to arouse the grltitude
of every true Allianceman and
patriot that a Moses had arrived
among them who possessed the
ability, courage, tenacity and
consecration to lead bis people out I
oi the galling bondage with which
capital and monopoly had inslaved
The Alliance of Mississipi pray
with fervor that God may ever
guide and preserve in health and
vigor North Carolina's gifted and
After diphtheria, scarlet fever, j.neu
monia, or any other severe illness, there
is no better tonic thin Hood's Sarsa
ii-: vrs J
FALL SESSION : Opens
COURSE OF STUDY.
SUPERIOR ADVANTAGES for the study of ART, VOCAL and INSTBO
MORAL and Religious advantages unsurpassed.
EXPENSE3 very low. Boarding facilities good.
SPECIAL inducements to indigent students.
JOHN H I.ONO, L.L. 1) , says: '-earning
and l'i ogress aro the watcawords of the
New lieruo Collegiate iDStltutn, and It Is an
ornament to Knstern Norm Carolina.1'
Send ron Gatai.ool'e.
MISS MARY L ALLE-tf, Secretary.
2 uJ "SS8 -g E d a W .
P-T "nil 't is 5 W lc i 9
,j i o Mr Hi . ? & ses 1 x
3 hi ii . ! U 23 1 m iSlj i s o
7 t - SB's g 1 f H !gs 1! at:
MS s S. it S SfgsS
cZlzJ s::i 5 il 5 i
ill Si ll ; Sirs s53
mES MEANS' S3 & S4SU0ES
' Competition Is the Life of Trade," and Jf jou bar not seen oar lata tmpronjl goods
tmot imagine how llrelj trade 1, or how hard onr competitors ha to work to keep within slattt ot
us. Ask your retailer for the James Keans' 1381106, or the James Means' (4 Shoe aooordloc to your ae4t
Positively none genuine unless haying oar name and pitoe stamped plalaly oathe sole. Tqqr
retailer will supply you with shoes so stamped It yon Insist upon hts doing so: If ron do aot Insist, sums
mkiuvi wjfcA ;vu iuw uuying inienor shoes upon
sr arm m v" m 'x.'m
Guch has been the recent progress ia onr branch of Industry tsta w an aow abUto aSBrai that
tho James Means- $l Shoe Is in erery respect equal to the shoes which only a fw yean ago wart re
tailed at eight or ten dollars. If you will try on a pair yon win be convinced that wa do not exaggerate.
Ours arc the original 3 and $4 Shoes, and those who Imitate oar system of baslaess arc to
T.tr?" Us qUaU'7 01 UeiorT prolaeto- to our Una wo MO ths Urgcst inanufactur.rs in the
L; tilt a otACCS. 4fsttB
Hhoes from onr celebrated factory stro sold by wide-awake retailer. I. all parts
of the country. We will place them easily within your reach In any Stats or Territory If yra will
Invest one cent In a postal card and write to us. sn y.
JAMES MEANS fc CO., 41 Lincoln St Boston, Mass.
FVll. LINES OF THE A BOTE SHOES OB BALE BX
J. M. HOWARD, Pollock St., Hew Berne.lLC.
THE VALUE OF HOKJBV.
Men of unlimited meant hardly ay
preciate tbe value of ja t one doUr,
but with the poor every dollar metal
io much toil and o much effort. It to
a oomfott to know that tbe poTertr
stricken invalid can derive ao mnch
good from so little expenditure, when
they invest their dollars in B. B. 6.
(Botanic Blood Bairn.)
W. C. MtOauley, Webb City. Ark an
sas, writes: B B. B. has done me more
good and for less money than any other
blood purifisr I ever used. I owe the
oomfort ot my life to it "
A. P. McDonald, Atlanta, Oa., writea:
"I bad a running ulcer on my lea. Sev
eral doctors failed to do it good. Three
bottles of 11. B. B. effeoted a cure.
B. B. B. also cured my brother of a run
ning eote. "
David Thurman. Atlanta. Oa., aaya:
"I was a constant sufferer for many
many years with Scrofula and Eoxetna.
A few bottles of B. B. B. entirely cured
John M Davis. Tyler. T-xas, writes:
"I was subject a number of year to
spells of iuflommatory rheumatism,
which six bottles of It B. B., thank
heaven, has entirely cured. I have not
felt tbe slightest pain since.''
The great difficulty about advice
i8 the predominance of quantity
A nkw idra embraced in Ely's Cream
Wlm. Catarrh is cured by cleansing
and healinn, uot by dryinic up It is
not a liquid or snuff, .but is easily ap
plied into the nostrils. lis effect ie
magical and a thorough treatment will
cure the worst cases. Prioe bOo.
The reason R ADAM'S
MICRO MR KlLLCBia
the must wosdarf ol
niedlcinR, is lecauM it
Im uttii failed in any
instance, no matter
what the disease, from
LEPROSY to the sim-ph-st
disease knows to
the ha man system.
The scientific mm of
today claim and prove that every diaeaM is
CAUSED BY MICROBES,
Radam's Microbe Killer
Kxterniinntes the Microbes and drive
them out of the system, and when that la
done you cannot have an ache or pain. No
matter what the disease, whether a simple
case of Malaria Fever or a combination of
diseases, we care them all at the tame time.
as we treat all diseases constitutionally.
A.8tbma CoufeuinpLlou, Oatart b.
Bronchitis, Rheumatism, Kid
ney aud Lilrer Disease, Chill
and Fever, Female Trouble
In all its forms, and, in fact,
every IUease known to tbe
Eewirs of Frmdnltnt Imititiois !
See that onr trada-Mark (same as alx.v?)
appears on each jug.
Send for book "History of the Vlksrob,
Killer," given away by
R. J. GOODING,
Corner Pollock and Middle Hts.,
m30 dwly enrm New Berne, N. C.
Polloksvillc High School,
(Male and F. mtU)
POLLOKSVILLIC, N. C.
Session opens Monday, Sept. 8h
Tuition from $7 00 to SIT 50 Tha
latter includes languages.
Good board can bj procured from 99
to S3 per month.
For further information address th
a!3 dwlw E. If. KOONCE.
September 8lh, 1890.
wtua mmv maaa a issges proac
. 4-, SHOE
rti i st
New Berne Weekly Journal (New Bern, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Aug. 14, 1890, edition 1
Click "Submit" to
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