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0 / 75
XX. ff -t "
. 1IARPKB, Froprtatar.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS.
NEW BERNE, CRAVEN COUNTY, N. C, SEPTEMBER 4, 1890.
H!lcwi& olir Blood?
t iiinHgnHi Dressing out on my
'( kd well wjcktw) and a half tattles of
3 ft. 8w 8. OtLec4tood ndi. Jn. hart i n.
.r'iwi troubled from chBJhood with
- aa aggravated ease of Tetter, and three
' beftka "of 8. 8. S. cored me perm-
w oook on Blood and Skin Diseases
Swift Sracmc Co.,
J. 1 . I
At Uutfa. Ga.
: SZHI-TfEEKLY LJJ3TB.
4iyLia. BavPrTiM. .
' . a4 WaaUjecf Otty.
fl polataVyortW aat ajd Waat
I a a HOW DAT. 8ET. 1, 18S0
Xt!ma IfllTEO. CapC, JtatSjxte,
Xlnsirjmmr. C&pt PntchetV
wmtftU fom Norfolk, V.
J.T. K. . B. Cn. for Klnstop. Trvaton,
aA all tbr ladlnn on U Sn anJ
Hauunloff: Will !! RO NCT BEKNS
OakOLJC dlr4. TUESDAYS and
FRIDAYS at THEIA B.M-, taooa) making
MMwtioB wior uia o. d. s, s. oo.' ikipi
iortt, B. 6. P. Uo.' itwnm for
Baltaaora; Cl4 UB Ahlpa for Phlladel-
w aatMacaSorU M pMaaa oarpatroaa,
aa4 oar alaioa pavteea arvla for ta paat
Srtaas- yaara. la Ua baat inuuiut eao
ffar all iiiprr aa to aa wa will do for
Ihiia in thcfutiir. V . ,
Ordar aJl fooda Bt1fit O D. H.R.Oav. HOT-
Haaaaasara will Sad a food tabl. eomfbrt
. IM rooaia, aod aTary oonrtacy acd attan
Moa VtU tx paid tbaa by u offlwn. .
S. B. KOBKRTB, Aaat
Jiaaaaa. UUXPPKR TUK5XR,
Asaata, Norfolk V
W Jt STAFFORD. '
Vlea-PracUfaat: Hav York Oily.
Lutn Hir Baraa Try Wedncaday and
BatordaY for Trattton. at 1 .?0 o'clock.
Ratnrainc, will laar Trenton Monday
ad Taoradaj at o'eioek.
O. BL. MDRIVI,
apMdwlr Nowbern, N. O.
EASTERN CAROLINA DISPATCH
The Fast Freight Ltne
ar -' Vmralla
FalUdalpUa. Saw f ark. Baatcm,
Bis. via SUambaak Ctty. II. C.
Commeaelnc jfoadaXt Juna 16th,
Eaglet and Vesper
or tnia nna will ran oo
t facvla aebadoia Uma.
laavtnc Vmw Brne arary
aad riUlJAf aitaraoona, atFOUS o'etock,
for uimMU vnty ana nna amvmg on
8UNUAY. THURSDAY and SATURDAY.
Tnaaa ateaaisra,- la eonaaetloa 'wlva UM
UaaUaAM.Q. R.B. Horfolk Boatnarn B.
M,. Vav Yerk.Etula. aad KartoU K. luand
tba PaaaaylTanla & iorsa a railabla aad
rfralar Uaa oTrln snpartar faclltuaa fca
a Jlilk taaMartaoa - .
' ro traasrrs IM pt at Kllaabetk Clty.al
Wafca ftoiAUraUrnt 1U ba laadad oa eara te
go tnrootn to daaHnattoa.
'taraat ail gooda to ba aoippad Tla Xaatarx
Carolina DUpatab. dally aa foltowa :
From Vow York, by Pana.&. B. Plar a
Froaa -PnUaddpbla. by PhUa. W. A Balto.
. mv won n staiaoa,
Freac Bainaioro by Pnlia. HT11. A Baltc, B.
8, frratdent 8a. StaQoa.
Praa Marfoik.arKarfaik Bovtaara R.S.
rmaa Hortoa. by Karcbanta A Miaara Trana
k uou; aw xork and ttmw Krmaaa
W. H JOTC Qn, ret. .TTftflto Axvat,
jt rv uar , tTJmr rribt aimi, s. t.
" P.- S. H. M., Morfol,V-
H.O.1 KUlXlIfi.wmrm FriM IniL
m. k. a. wortBik-v. -
GX. BJCTDXBSOH. Aat,
The N. O. Ti eight Uno
. fi. r -etftvr la. 1, tl lis wll
Lavin ttelUaaor for Kw Vvkim-
MkUPAY.MA.TUHUAT.at 8J-X P.atU
laaTto m Berna jo iUJtlroora, TTJES
UAV. SATL'hl)T, at nlX P. kt-
ThU la to only IH mi.CS nnexat ot iBVW
Barna) fn BaUUBior aHUioot enaagat aaxtoal
la air mtara u lp trom4ialUinura avnia alrae
to Maw Baraa, aiopptnaj only ai Kaefcxk, een
awtint 1h for boatoa, iTxT ldevoa. PbUa-
(iaiptla. iOehmooci. aod aa voteta HarU-
aix waat aimaiimc ao aoaacetwiq.
ppiata D' anlar aoav arm van t W
Aa- a arvaafMIOwa:
ItKUUK. . '1 KB, Bml VmAfvr '
M Llb t Uritltaei
JAM. w. HOOARRlOa. Act- JManaua, vi
Maw York A BaJto fraa. I EE. Flr
Horux rtrar. . , ,
., - lfta- BinMfd aferf
a. h ttock wail, i'l a natap a . m. l..
bipa -r K.w ycWa daily . ...
u u. i.a vlaMrlanaRalafaiTI
Vkanwh Ml la kadisc flTt
itb, ana j
atacf to ail potaU
LbU at V
AT0ID BKKAKAOB OF alCLK AH
HIP TI aM
a. B. O&AT. ACanl,
1 JT W THfi BET. - S
VIM Ol. lali, Cmm
to. T . 1 11 in mm
Cli raw I.
. Sun I
Is it well with Wincet 1c i- wtl!!
A CASK o( i-li!eri li.is npp3 trd
io L indou.
lWo liojs di-U in Knoxville,
Monday irom a dose of morhiue
givvu iu piace of quinine.
BAROU ALPIION80 liOTUt'IIlLD
lAti bought a clock made by
LouiaXVl Lie paid 1GS(m for
OTWITUSTANDINU the stnke
on the New Yoik Central, it is
claimed that the entire road is in
food condition and freight moving
THJi Associate Reformed Pres
byterians of Charlotte have
wAypted tilaai" for a new church to
'be erfcttd at a cost of 20,000, the j
work to begin at once.
A MACHINE that will enable a
man to distinctly note the features
of an acquaintance, at a distance,
of two hundred and fifty miles, is
at preseut engaging the attention
f Edison. Pe thinks it feasible,
and that it will be one of the won
ders of the World's Fair.
THE Wilmington Star snys:
"Stanley discovered a plant in
Africa, the seed of which when
reduced to powder and taken in
small doses makes sad and melan- j
eboly people glad and fills them
wi;-b laughter. Republican Candi
dates should order large quantities
of this for nse next fall."
The new States come in as
1 trgft commonwealths. The smallest
id extent Washington is as large
as New York. Vermont and Mas
ichasetts combined. Idaho, which :
has just entered, is almost twice
as big as Pennsylvania, while j
Montana is larger than Tew ;
England and the Middle States,
excluding Maine. !
It is Harrison against yaay now.
Harrison has considered the Loge
Force bill as a distinctively Ad
ministration measure, and he. is
reported to be greatly angered
with Quay ior proposing to lay it
on the shelf in the Senate. It looks
aa if a bitter contest is impending
between two factions of the party.
Oswego Palladium. !
Evangelist Fife, not a Rever- i
end yet as the papers call him, for.
he ie not ordained is nrorina i
. , i
self a revivalist of very
success. The Jjord is blessing him
very, greatly in his labors, and
thousands may rise up to call him
blessed. He is a man of great zeal
and earnestness, and all things
considered his success is certainly
most extraordinary. May bis
win sou is to unrist cou-
tinne with qnditpinisbed numbeis. !
The question having been asked
the Editor of the Economist, "what
legislation will best promote the
development of the oyster indus
try V Brother Creecy replies; "we
propose, in the near future, to pub
lish an oyster bill prepared with
care, with the assistance of our
wisest friends among the oyster
men, and others, to be submitted
to the next Legislation." We
shall look for Brother Creecy 's bill
with great interest and expect to
eire it a hearty support. :
We have already stated in these
columns that the Mississippi Con
vention enbmitted certain matters
to a committee for settlement.
After argning the question at
length and quoting and analyzing
all the provisions of the United
RtatAs Constitution bearing nnon
the matter of suffrage the commit-
tee reaehes the conclusion that
whatever may have been the effect
oi the action of the southern
States, denominated either seces
ion or rebellion, and of the recon
Btruction acts, viewed as judicial
or political questions, and without
unnmAMtinr rliversn om'nions rn
these important questions, we are .
of opinion that the readmission of:
this State into the Union fullv and
forever settled the statas of States '
thus re-admitted and that Congress
thereby lost all control or jarisdic
tion oyer this matter, and that the 1
State thus readmitted into the
Uoion became at once tso facto
aadef the Constitution reinvested
with all the sovereign power
poBae&seM by any and all the other
in all the people of
Take it all
orth Carolina have about as much
tq W thankful for, and are as en
copragingly situated, as the people
of any State in the UTnion. On all
ides there are evidences of pro
gress and of hope and confidence
Ih the futare oi the State. With
the exception of wheat and fruit
the crops are better than they have
been for years, and the probabili
ties are that the prices will be
emmeratlve. This lends cheer to
the life of the farmer and gives him
renewed courage in the struggle
this the political outlook is bright.
, ID6 dOQdS inat some mongut iney
1 taw looming up a short while ago
harill been dispelled, leaving a
i bine kf above and harmony and
nnity all alone the line. ieb
Ynce is going back to the Senate,
and with all this what more could
reasonable people ask! Wilming
The cholera is increasing rapidly
in Toledo, Sp.iin.
The strike ;it the Chicago stock
yards h-is been settled.
Small pox prevails to hii alarm
ing exteut at Waco and San
(Jf eighteen newspapers started
at San Diego, Cal.. in the past
three years, not one is living.
It looks as if the final vote on
the tariff" bill in the Senate would
be taken on or about September
The strikers on the New Yoik
Pnrr:i! rr.ilrr.ml remain firm nn.l
say they will win the fight in the
Pennsylvania, died very suddenly
of heart desease. in Washinging
Mr.. Powperly says he is satis-
fioil :i,.t thf il isr-h arces madflon
the Central road were the result of!
a preconcerted plan
tret rid of
Senator IU tler has
South Carolina to try and get the
' Democrats together. It is worse
than folly: it is criminal to keep np
division and make Republican suc-
j Harrison is reported as "fati
I gued.'' Any man who has to carry
around with him as bad a con
' science as he is burdened with has
a right to be "fatigued," and very
T rr T" m naiA aT rhii i-l-ii1j-liri f Vi r f
iHLUIUJH, Ul LUIVIltu, tfJOl.
sweetest harmony or vocal melody
to a parent's ear, is complained of
" , v-
discordance, lune em up. biiza-
beth City Fconomist.
i Gen. M. H. Bonhaji, ex Govern
nor and late Railroad Commis
sioner of South Carolina, was found
dead in his bed Wednesday morn
ing. He was a knightly gentleman,
a gallant soldier and true patriot.
This is not a time for so called
independent movements against
Democracy. Democracy mnst
show what North Carolina thinks
of the Force bill, and to do this
Democracy must be "united all
along the line.
At Statesville, N. C, Saturday
night, John Jones, colored i-mrf
Gus Murchison, colored, at a negro
' . . ,
te8tival because the latter nad ac
cidentally trodden on the foot of
Jones' sweetheart and refused to
The only oues of the old Terri
tories that have not become states
are LTtab, New Mexico, Indian
and Arizona. When
a. i i . 1 1 i i a i ;
luese 8uau ueeu iaBU
ilUU llilitUUUlil illUUC Will
When an aspirant for the Gener
al Assembly makes his appearance
ia this county, the question is at
once asked, "Is he for Vance 1"
and if tie answer is not in the af
I firmative he is at once relegated
to the shades of obscurity Wash
' ington Gazette.
It is the solemn duty ol the lib
; erty loving American people of
; this Union to whip the Republican
party out oi its boots in tne coming
Congressional campaign. That
will pat an end to all doubt and'
anxiety as to the stability of busi
ness ahd the integrity of American,
politics. Norfolk Landmark.
r-vr c.Annv rr-,o ,,aa ;
called a convention of the Gover
iventiou oi tne jover-
nf all th& pnttnn clotAd trt
. .. . . , !
in Atlanta sepremDer lutn: ;
each Governor is to appoint six
delegates: the convention was
asked for b the Georgia State
Alliance, and will consider the
matter of direct trade with Liver-
Pool, and matters relating to the
handling of cotton,
"The tales which the owners of
the Maryland and Delaware and
New Jersey peach orchards tell are
quite pathetic. Instead of fifty to
a hundred thousand baskets of
peaches a day, there is hardly ajb
single Dash.ec. auiqrnia is pue .
only source ol supply, excepting a
small quantity from Georgia. New
Jersey may scrape out nve or six
hundred baskets, and this will be
all. The cold spell in March did
Tuk Norfolk Virginian
-A Charlotte t N . C.,) clergyman
wears undoubtedly the largest
shoes iu tins c ountry, lhe sue is
o-and eacu snoe is l'uxs incnes."
Who is he ? There is a certain Bap-
tist preacher in Charlotte, who
came from Virginia, who, we have
heard, is '-weeding a wide row,"
. , , ,
but we thought be was doing it
with the sword of the spirit di-
by a lrge head aud a big
heart. If we were m
itaken he must
be mashing things
Il is an interesting fact that
Senator Quay and those Republi
cans who antagonize his position
relative to the Force bill are ac
tuated by precisely similar motive?.
The objects of those who are rush-
ing the bill are simply and entire
i ly partisan, and Quay's purpose ia
also partisan. There is nothing in
the position of either of patriotism
r :j i : a ai
or even of consideration for the
the success of the G. O. 1. They ! Participate in such proceeeings as
merely differ in their notions as to, il was "oped would result in secur-
mel bod. Detroit Free Press. 'ing to the colored men the great
rrm 'I'f.r. onhi n r t, q, -I r w n fr , r. r ,a
THE GREAT STRIKF.
For several dajs it has been a
leadtug question whether the strike
tint was inaugurated on the New
York Central would embrace
whole Vanderbilt system.
As rotated on yesterday, Mr. Do
jiew, the l'resiilent of the New
York Central and the master spirit
of the Vanderbilt 83 stun, is ab
sent, but it is evident thai Vice
President Webb is managing af
fairs in a way which shows that
Mr. Depew has a lieutenant worthy
lulccocu'' u,Ui ,u
The Vanderbilt sjstem
The Vanderbilt sjsteni of rail-
wftv8 is m;lde nP of tht'
Central and Hudson River, the
Lake Shore and Michigan South
Gf ern, the Michigan Central,
' Chicago and Northwestern,
Xew York Chicago and Sr. L
roads. Its direct capitalization is
placed at 515,855.720, its extent of
track is 10,791 miles, and the nnm-
ber of passengers annually is about
ov,vw,wv its neignt tonnage
last year was 45,319,000 and its.gtruggie ou tli0 part of the dark
i ? rnmf? i e 8 6 3ear was
T-JJ.Ma.uoj. us magnnuue isuius
seen at a glance. It lies mainlv
. . fe , ,
between New Yoik and Chicago,
: but reaches all the important cities
in a broad aod populous territory,
It is estimated that there is direct-
ly tributary to the system a popu-
Iation of 20,000,000-nearly one-
third of the po
It is announced
. . - ,
uiation 01 the
that "there will
be no tie np" of the whole Vander -
! i . ...
. D1C 8y8emj DrJt tu6 8ecurjfy given
does not satisfy the country and
allay the excitement of the masses.
ami"ea ioh luejewiorKj
central and Hudson River ,
.road is "the backbone of the sys-j
tem." Slid here the Strike not only
continues bat is encouraged by
umei w orsman -owaeny.
w netner ine people or tne corpo-
rations are right in this particular
instance we are not prepared to
say, bat in nine cases out of ten
in which such strikes occur it is
the result of the tyranny of capital.
As a general rule labor is long
suffering. The laborer knows that
a strike is the inevitable prelude to
suffering; that pure women aud
innocent children are to go hungry
to bed, and he hwintoo 'm' .
resenting and insulted manhood j
and meeting want and suffering at ,
his hearth stone. ;
It is difficult to enact laws to j
meet this oomplexed question. The i
right of capital to employ labor j
and get it as cheaply as it can be
procured at ordinary times can
hardly be questioned ; and it is
equally true that the laborer is
worthy of bis hire.
Just here is where the divine
law comes in with its holy man
dates and sublime teachings, "Do
nnto others as you would have
them do nnto you." "Render unto
Ciesar the things that are Ca-aar's,
and nnto God the things that are
When the precepts of the gosptl
are followed and its authority rec
ognized, then will come the bless
ed time in which it will no
longer be said "Man's inhumanity
to man makes coantlees thousands
THE DARK WlKtt. ;
A convention of colored Eepubli-j
cans was held in the city of Raleigh :
on last Tuesday. It was a remark-.
ae men remarkable for
- , , ' ,
tla narannnal frr T
its Dersonnei. ior tne purpose ior
whioh it assembled and the work it
.. . ,
It is always
gratifying to see
evidences oi progress and develop-
ment. and this convention showed i
a degree of intelligence and a spirit j
of independence exceeding expec-
tation. In the convention were
men of culture, who have impressed
themselves on the times in which
they live ; they .met to discuss the
political and social status of their
race, and they passed resolutions 1
declaring their independence of
- nracticed bv Renobli-'
oana jn orth Carolina.
The con- j
jj, h. Toung.
called to order by
In his opening ad
dress he said : "There have been
all sorts of rumors as to the pur.
pose of this convention. There
have been rumors that it was an aggravation ot tne evns to , o ( da wa3 Kreater than ia the pre
called for the purpose of disiupting 1 w,hich . Present tariff subjects cedin(t year. i., 1Sv9-'oo it wU8 about
th Republican party. This report
js not true. This convention is to
represent the true Republican
party. We are not here to cause a
8plit or disruption, but we are here
to demand that we, the colored
people, be recognized by the ruling
. . .
power 0f the Republican party, be
cause WE ARE the Bepuulica
The temporary chairman, lion.
E. E. Smith, ex United States Min
ister to Liberia, made a few con
servative remarks in which he said
that "the assembly was to recite
some grievances to which this
people were subject, and to con
sider remedies for such grievances."
A committee on credentials was
appointed and retired, and then
i came the speaking. Rev. J. C.
. ... ..
Price, the foremost negro orator ot
1 the times, waa called out. He
said "he was here to witness and
I voting and living part, ot the Ke-
public fn party a proper rec
j oTiiition at the hands of a few
; fi0if coustitnOd le .ider. We are a
ovhi and petted elenu-nt iu ( lec
tion iliiii s. We aie pieasaut to
I the sight and delightful to the
(iliaefoi i.e. ves of a few self
1 constituted and so called leaders.
Yes, we are favorites. Rut when a
new administration comes in, we
are fui gotten; and when thf picnic
times conies the time tui dis
tributiag the fruits, why such a
thing as an apple, plum, peach, etc.,
must not toucli a nrgro's lips.
Now, .Mr. President, ws all love
frnit. whether it bo ptarlies, ap
ples, plums, grapes or 'water
millions;' and when we htlp make
tne ' these fruits when we work for
tnejthem, we want a part of them
when they are distributed.''
If any man supposes that this
meeting indicates a revolt from
the Republican party, let him at'
once throw off the deceptioo,
recogoize that it only shows
i wing of the party to get a place at
: the fir8t tabie. They don't under-
' Sfnn,i hnw it is thev have tn "wait
Stand now it is tuej nave to wait
1 until their betters are served."
iaCe distinctions are not confined
to the South, nor are they monopo-
They permeate society everywhere
and Uke an the laws of natare. are
inexorable. That the negroes are
"hewers Of wood and drawers of
water" for the white men of their
has long been a fact
honoring to their manhood.
it is a fact beyond dispute,
wen n;ev, bevond remedy.
The colored men have a right to
complain, because promises have
Keen made to them with no inter-
' nii.oni tv,nm i,t irr,! n
'get tneir votes. Only this and
So far a8 actal benefits
cerned, it is the interest of the
negro to labor for the success of
the Democratic party. We have
no rewards of office to offer them
in payment for their votes; but we
offer them, in common with the
rest of mankind, a system of gov
ernment that will most surely
secure and protect the rights of atr
men and advay
1 V'-l -0 t tn
of all classes of society.
THE DEMANDS OF T1IE HOI K
It is intimated that there has
been an aeroement by which the
force bill goes over to December
(and the tariff bill is to be brought
to a vote in the Seuate on the 8th
! This agreement is in the nature
of a compromise. Compromises
often result in good ; indeed society
is based upou compromises in which
individual rights are surrendered
for the public good.
Principles should never be made
the subject of compromises. Cir
cumstances change; principles
never. Measures may wait ou cir
cumstances to do their bidding.
Principles command obedience to
immutable decrees. They are fixed
stars eternal in the heaven.
If there has been an agreement
i among Senators to postpone the j
further consideration of the force I
bill and nroceed with the considera-;
tion of the tariff it may be bat a j
mntual accommodation by which
both sides are better prepared
to discharge the high duties of.
American senators, ir. nowever. '
it is atrreed that tho vote upon the
.. . . .
tariff bh3ll be taken at a certain
itime Senators cannot be bound by
it, for u is the highest duty ol a j
Senator to oppose hurtful legisla- '
tion at all hazards and to the last
extremity. Mr. Gorman has no
right to cou!-ent to a termination of
debate before the discussion lias
been full and complete.
But the deal having to all ap
pearances been ensumated, the
the country is to be
Here we appropriate
rh words of the Richmond Times :
"By yielding to the Republican
majority and permitting the Mc
Kinley tariff bill to pass the Demo
cratic minority will place the whole
onus of the bill upon the Republi-1
can party. ne country win, ior
mi . - l
j two years at least,
horn tr am nra
! opposition to Radicalism, but
at the same time it will be hard on
&y compemuK iuu yvBLyvuu
; af"11 will lessen The"
cnances of the' force bill becoming
; effective in the campaigns of after
I , - r
years. Kuc win mat result iu iree-
dom of the ballot 7 If Quay suc
ceeds in carrying out his bargain
with monopoly, whose contributions ;
made l.epuuncau eue
in lasa, ine same inouopuij win uk
willing 10 oe Dieu more
1S02, by promises of greater plun- ,
der from the people. And the ;
funds thus derived for Republican
campaign purposes will render nn- j
necessary the use of the bayonet at
the polls. Possibly there may be
enough Republicans like Plamb in
rV,a Sonata whn will hoori th warn-
ings of the people and unite with
the Democrats to defeat the tanfl
bill. This, however, is rather im-
"As the whole
j eion of debat0 on the force bill hap
not been written, and probably
'never will be revealed, it is a, diffi
ma OnndPH W 1 1 I f ' 1 1
led to a suspen
cult matter to saV exai tly w hat t he
ducv '( the )emnr,raric, R
'i t Me Democrat
shall be. Their knowledge o
even's, their expei h 11. -s and
sense of pa r 1 lot ism, t IioiiltIi. ?
1 on !d
I lead thein to dispute at every po n
and s't p by s!"e the aggressions of
the t iiemies of the Ciii itrs's liber-
ties and p;o.s.cri; , Though in
i t Le ininoiiiy in the. Senate they
1 represent the majority of t he peo
, pie of the 1 led' State, and that
majoiity loo, s to them to defend
it, even thi.uii Mi. Gorman's
health may have been t;;.ed by
sessions of eight hours a day."
The State Tax on Sswmp Machinos.
It is not cencridly kno'vn. but it is
nevfrthek-fn a fart, that Uit-re i-i h State
tax on sijivioff maohit'iu fimilur to the
fertilizer lux. which l a- ju-tbeen df
ctarcd unooimitiitional ty Judges Rend
uad Seymour. IJp to tlu fast Bunion
of the Leiiid aturf thir tix wa 8i00 on
each company doinj: htifir ea in the
State. The la!t LtcibUturo ndded S-'O,
making the In Kt preseDt S250
Nearly overy ono was in fnvor of the
fertilizer tax. I: turned in to tlio State
about ?40 000 nnnuafy, jiiite a snug
sum, which nid- d mitorially in Husthin
ing eevrrsl worthy Si-.ite institutior.s,
besides payir the sps tires ,,f the
Stale ana! sis of tv. ry brand vf fertil
izer eo!d in the State, and as the law
8taCdard , the farmer had the aatiBfac-
;ti of fMn ,.fi(i.o ; u
was. bu) iu. The FubstatuUl revenue
u (?ave the State, and the protection it
afforded the farmer, made it both aj
: Profitable anj a popular statute.
I ?.?f -tbe Ux on e mafhiae8
isicviou tu a m inner similar to mac on
; fertilizers, no such good re,uit from it
can be shown no such reasons ad-1
I vanced for its continuance. Below we
show how the
law works the figures
given are not official, therefore not ;
exact, but we obtained them from a j
gentleman well posted in sewing'
machine matters, and we believe they '
, are .ufficiently accurate to give a proper
understanding of the case,
As only about eight companies sell
' sewing machines in North Carolina,
the State receives only the paltry sum
of about S2 030 annually from the tax.
1 No benefit accrues to the citizens of the
State in any form from this tax, but it
rather works to their detriment in this
way: A number of sewiog michine
companies keep out of the State rather
than pay the tax. Competition is thus
diminished and the few companies who
sell here are enabled to command a
larger price than they otherwise would.
We are informed that some of the
machines sold in this State are sold in
A Bewine machine costs the manu
facturers from S8 to S.5. After paying
freight and other expenses they could
be sold here at S23 each and a good j
(profit made on them, but instead of j
that the average price ia about f 30. I
The aggregate sales of thi different
companies per year in the S:ate ia about
2 500. At tbeijrestr.t average pr'ce.
$50, this makes the sales amount to
8125,000. As we have shown, they
could be sold at an average of 525 If j
they were sold at that pticu it would ;
be a laving to the citiz-'ns of the Ssate
of over $00 000. Though the machines j
could be sold at that low price we do
not believe that the reperl of the tax
would cause aa sweeping u reduction
in price as that, but we are sure that if
all the companies in the United States
were permitted to Bell freely in the
State the active rivalry between them
would enable the purchasers to obtain
them on more favorable term than
they can at present.
We wish to emphasis) the faot that
the larger and more powerful com
panies are in favor of this tax as it ex-
eludes the smaller and weaker com-j
panies, aud some of them wish to see j
the tax still further increased so that :
other companies who still continue to;
sell in the Syate may be driven out and j
ine-v lDUo ootiil" il ""p'.
t bear u lhe L9Ki()ature to have the !
As this tax m levied in the same man-
iu uanui j"'t,
I it is also uncoLslitutionhl , and that the
8tate haa no right to coLtinue collecting
it, but if tuch is not the case let the
next L,eei3tii ure reiut-e to viym iu iub
wi8ne8 of th0Be Urge corportionp. 1
Repeal the tax an! give us hereafter
cheap sewing muchince.
A Sl'LENDIll OUTLOOK
FACTS AND FIGUKES CONCERNING COVTO . ,
i Baltimore, Md., August 87. The I
Manufacturers' Record will publish this i
week letters from bankers in all parts j
of the South, which tell of the bright :
I prospects in that section. The largest
rorron rrnn evnr ririui nc ii i - urn i i.lhii .
and the farmers are lees in debt than at
any time since the war.
In its reviews of the letters received
the Manufacturers' Record'saye: ' For
five years the cotton crop haa been
steadily increasing, and each year haa
shown a gain over the preceding one
a record which no other five year period
I t .OOf? 'OT
: n ioou-oi wo
crop was 6 505 000
it was 7 040,833; in
Ud 1 CD . in jcf-ej
I tion. point to at least 7 500 COO to
8,000,000 bales this year. Notwith-
tion the price has advanced from year
t0 year on account of the fact that the
' ah.rirodSamPlian UtgrWinK
The total farm value of the last four
S'p?a dk tZTVt6:' alu
CI.JUU.UUU.UUU, nun lino y c-ai o
unless some unforeseen disuster snouiu
befall it, v. ill re-.ch nearly S5C0 000 000
in vlue, including the value of the
seed which was a waste product a few
vears aeo. inus in nve vears trie
, goulh wil, reoeive for its cotton nearly
52 000,000 000
HEAVY UAIN I.N 'AIIEKLINU.
I'EOPLE WASHED FROM TIIEIIt IIoNiRS AM)
RESCUED WITH DIFVkCVr.TV.
Wiikeli.no, W. Va., August 27. The
heaviest rain storm of the j ear began
here about noon yesterday. All the
streams are swollen. Wheeling Creek
: and Caldwell's Run, which run through
! ,'e:ar ffmTfiv'w
j wagbed from their roUfie Bnd thcir lives
gave(i K ,n difticuMy. Many other nar
row escapes and heroic rescues are re
inside historv Of 1 ported. Coke region advices report the
flood as seriout. and runny bridges being
1URITY Flowers, Women. Child
hood, Rolan Baking Powder.
Second Day of the Colored Industrial,
Stock and Fruit Fair.
1 The street parade in the morning was
about thn earne aa the day before with
1 the exrvptioo that the Star band took
tho place of the (Jolden LiDk band and
; in addition iho Washington fire com
Jpiriy. wl;i(n ariived on the BteBmer
Beanfoit excursion, paadud with
; them .
j The exhitiit i excellent so Bay all
th.it i Iihvi- heard express an opinion
! ult It
U. It. Dudley's agricultural exhibit
attracts much attention. He shows
corn, peanuts, citron, squashes, etc.
Iliri vegetable eggs are the largest we
have ever seen ; some of them measur
ing two feet in circumference.
The agricultural rooms are well filled
I with choice fruits and vegetables
: mmy of which we mentioned yeeter-
day. There are pepper etalks4i feet
bifih, gourds nearly live feet in circum
ference and pumpkins that will mea8- '
j ure over five feet. There are three j
different exhibits of native woods: one 1
of them contains 8S rarieties.
Opposite the Agricultural room j
Merritt Whitley shows some nice 1
1 cclnas mado ot our native sweet gum
wood. I. O. Sutton makes a similar
j exhibit and in the machinery hall he
exhibits his fin hearse. This is also
home made, manufactured by John
Fisher, the son of our well known
blacksmith, George S. Fisher.
Near the coflina is a woman V hkelo
ton, loaned by one of our city physi
cians. In the room above, Miles Shepard
.shows some of hia well made lathe
i ork-portico and stair rail bannisters.
j roseim, oracEets, an inuian ciud ana
! baseball bat, etc.
Adjoining him William Hsrdison
makes a largo display of house decora-
tiona. He Bhows some samples of good
fctaining his own work imitations of
oak, cherry, mahogany, walnut, t ts.
Emanuel Fisher makes a good exhibit
in the line of groceries, canned goods.
crackers, spices, fruit, etc.
R Sawyer shows some good speci
mens of his tailor work.
George S. Fieher shows a variety of
iron and steel articles manufactured in
his blackimith shop, steel plows, sweep
blades, mill-picks, fire shovela, foot
scrapers, lap-links, single-tree irons,
plow clevises, etc. He took a diploma
at the State Agricultural Fair in 1887
for the best display of home made agri
cultural implements, and also a diploma
at our New Berne Fair in 1S88 for the
best display of blacksmith work. In
the same room are several good models
of sail veeseles, steamers etc. The
most conspicuous one was mjufle, b.a
with a glass front.
The Floral Call is attractive. The
flowers and plants are well selected and
well arranged. We noticed among
them nightblooming cereus, winder-
ing j 3 w, coieua, century plants, ana
several varieties of cactus.
In tho culinary department are ex
hibits of bread, cakes, jellies, etc.
There is a loaf of bread shown that was
exhibited at the first New Berne white
Fair. It is getting pretty brown now.
The Art Department has many beauti
ful home made articles, too numerous
to mention; rugs, buggy robes, mantel
lambrequins, aprons, quilts, bed
spreads, drawings, paintings, etc.
There are a number of interesting relics
shown from 50 to nearly 200 years old.
There is an African ostrich egg on
exhibition, which measures 15 inches
We notice a number of fine game and
bantam fowls; also some of the buff
Cochin, Brahmas and Plymouth Rock
Some nice cattle are shown. We
heard it stated that one of the cows
gave five gallons milk daily.
In tbJ building known as the Fish
and Game room there are some ex -
ciptionally good stalks of cotton, but j
the principal exhibits in this room are
the small animals and birds raccoons,
spossoms, white and native rabbits,
white rats, several varieties of pigeons,
etc. The fuh exhibit is not large, the
warm weather would not permit it, but
soma rare and curious specimens are
Altogether the exhibit is a creditable
and meritorious one, and surpasses the
expectations of all whom we have heard
express themselves ou it.
Third Day of the Co'.o:cd Fair
During the day thero was a prize
game of baseball between the P. D. Q.
cloh of New Berne and the Greenville
club. The P. D. Q.'s won. The score
. , . . ,. ,
V"z Bame9 of baseball: one for a prize
of 40. The New Berne club won two
and the Greenville club one. '
A3 a mark of appreciation of the
services rendered by the Star band
tLey were presented with a handsome
bequet, Bishop Petty making the
speech of presentation, and lion. J E.
O'Hara the speech of acceptance on the
pait of the band .
There was also a stock parade, trial
of speed of race horses, foot races, etc.
CUKaTH jM and pkick.
Congressmtn Cheatham, and Rv. J.
C. Price, lhe colored orator, made
spjech' B at the colored Fir Thurslay.
We regr. t that we were unable lo hear
either, but we are informed that
Cheatham departed from what was ex
pcted. Instead of confining him
s .If to the Fair, its object,
aad eaci.uraing the colored people in
tae worthy itTm they havo eo labor-.
ou&ly undertaken in endeavoring to
better their condition by bringiug to
gether their resources in public ex
hibition and rivalry, he could not de
sist in making one of his bitter tirades
against the whiles and inciting his race
to i'ue up and repulpe these wrongs and
While a good many of his bearers
may havo coincided with these views,
we feel sure all did not.
Some of the 1 ea d i n
in the enterprise are too
alive and have too much goo t sense t i
allow themselves to be filled up with
such stuff They recogniz' that the
intelligent white neonlw of this arction
. l. . . . 1 ; : A U .. . I
mony with them And they kI-o reil ze , Committer io the First district for Con
what lhe community has done nw-irds gress against W. O'B Branch, Demo
aid ing them to make this exhiTiti n of crat. No conveniion will bo called,
their toil and skill a success. Th. y are OLm iAL SCIENCE-Government,
i not only granted the privilege of using A Tariff, Mills, Cleveland,
the grounds, but iu numerous '
i other ways cooperated with them
in lint the w hiten belie- e to he onn c f
the best (Lturen the negro rj, n ran
. p06t.ibl 1 ngae in. I. id n.te reset
ted that the man who rejire-t niH thiB
district in thn i 'one rri-s of thn I'nited
Staler fho'iid iiiie made any orher
speech before uu luiiu t ri .1 Ex li ihition
gotten up bf hi own race, lliau one io
concord , praise and encouragement.
How different, we are told, trethe
addresses of Dr J C Prico and (i fl.
While, Esq. Instead of endeavoring to
arouse malice, prejudice and hatred,
they took occasion to speak iti I . i g h
terms of the good itelingn and
peace.ihle relations exij-tnif; beiwoen
the rae.tH in thi , so-uini. 'i'hur n.f?, chts
have been highly c m;iilimi iU 1.
KlHiult Jot KNAi.: -A a native of
North Carolina, and olle v ho feels a
ueep intereet in her prorperity, I read
wun much pleasure
what you were
n.t-nnr-u iu nay, i ri a late issue ot your
most excellent paper) in regard" to a
sjndicate which is said to be seeking an
outlet from EaBtern Carolina to the
ocean, through which to ship the pro
ducts of the West to Europe; and that
Morehead City was tir.,ier considera
I shall not attempt tir, to arguo th it
the i lea of connecting Morehead City
with the "Great West" as an outlet for
its vast products, is one of great im
portance, for the fact sir, is so apparent
to all who have given the matter a
thought, it needs nothing more to sus
Ia connection, however, with the
idea ef uch a creat onternrisn. I'll
mention that some years ago the ques
tion of consolidating the ' North Caro
lina Railroad" and the "Atlantic and
North Carolina Railroad " was agitated,
and I think voted upon in the I. ' gi-la-ture.
And while the matter was pend
ing, the writrof this drew up a pe
tition, which was numerously siizned.
and sent to the Legislature (then in
session) praing for the passage of a
consolidating act Recently haviDg
found in print the petuition alluded to.
I beruwith enclose to you, trusting that
possibly, (should you republish it) that
there may be some points in it which
may in some degree, tend to aid in
carrying out the grand scheme of im
provement, i. e.. THE I.IN'KlNO Willi
BANDS OF STEEL EASTJIRN NORTTI CARO
LINA wirn the "Great West."
Yours, &c, n.
Morehead City, August 1890.
1Q the Honorable General Assembly of
jorii Carolina, lirecting :
We, the citizens of Morehead City,
N. C-, in view of the momentous ques
tion now pending beforeyour honorable
body, beg leave in this, our humble p3
tition.to call your special attention to this
port, or harbor, and here permit us to
give a few reasons why, iu our humble
opinion, the consoiidition of the
"North Carolina Railroad" with the
"AtUntic and North Carolina Railroad"
should recoive your spepjy sanction.
First, let ua say, that no doubt 'tis a
fact, that many memlii" "' u; ad
vantage of this port and harbor, in
every particular, as the natural jes,
the very best outlet to the ocean of
any between Norfolk and 1'ensacola.
They do not know the fact that a loaded
steamer of a thousand, or evej two
thousand tons, can, in thirty minutes
after leaving the railroad wharf, be
trolling in "old ocean," wending her
trackless way to a foreign or domestic
port. They do not know the fact, that
during the war the Government sent in
here, to the harbor of Beaufort, ships of
the largest class, as transports and sup
ply ships; and they do not know that
when General Sherman entered tho
Stale in 1865, that over two hundred
ships were in Beaufort hirhor at one
li)iic yes, from the tiny "tug-boat" to
transport) and war-ships. Hut enough ;
the above facta speak for themselves
and show what Beaufort harbor is.
And here let ua ask, w here can another
such a harbor be fouDd south of
"Hampton Roads ?"
Again, we do not think we err when
we assert that w hen the charter was
obtained for the Atlantic & North Caro
lina Railroad, the sentiment w rb uni
versal that it was simply a charier for
the extension of the North Carolina
Railroad" to fiod "the most eligible
outlet" to the ocean. And it was found
at Beaufort Harbor. But alas! gentle
men, sectional interest, that bane of all
public works, crept in, and with its
crushing potency, the pre-eminent
olaims of "the most eligible outlet"
has, as is well known, been over ruled,
i and thereby the interest of the whole
State has been made to suffer, although
she owns so large an amount of stock
in both roads. Yes, time and again,
the interest of her people have been sot
aside by a "penny wise and pound fool
ish" policy, wielded by a sectional in
terest. And juetr here, gentlemen, let
your petitioners, in all candor and hon
esty of purpose, declare to you. that in
this, their petition, asking you to cast
your vote for consolidation, ihey are
not impelled by a personal interest, or
a prejudice against the interest or pros
perity of any point or harbor in "our
beloved old State." No! No!! And,
gentlemen, remember 'tis nut in a mat
ter of party strife we ask your votes,
but 'tis one we believe of vital interest
to the whole people, regardless of party
in any form. 'Tis the interest of the
taxpayers from the mountains to the
sea that the two roads should be made
one. And, hence, we as North Caro
linians loving our good old mother, and
having her interest at heart, humbly
ask her sons, now assembled in her
council halls aye, ask all who feel an
interest in her future welfare to
throw aside all party, all sectional feel
ing, and show by their votes on the
question that tbey are in favor of the
scheme of consolidation as the greatest
feature of State interest, and your pe
titioners will ever pray.
Republican State Conventions Con
Raleigh, N. C, August 28 -The
RepuDlican State Conventions met to
day, many prominent Republican lead
ers being present- The bitter contest
betweeu John 15. Eaves and Dr. J. J.
Mott, leaders of the two factions in the
wertsru pirtof the Stte. was recon
ciled. E ivc-s, chairman of the State Com
mittee, called the convention to order
and named Smith (colored), ex-Minister
to Liberia, as temporary president.
Addresses were made by Eaves. J. C.
Price, Cbarles A. Cook, C. F. McKesson
and others. Nearly every county is
The Republican Congrescional Con
vention of the Fourth district reassem
bled this morning and nominated Alex
ander Mclvor for Congress. Mclvor is
a member of the Alliance, and was ,
Superintendent of Puhlu Instruction m ,
t-C r t u t i i . mi-
D P. Msacham. lodepi u lent Alliance i
. , - . i i
Democrat, ant.ounce i himself also a
ftanfliHnlA Alfuinitt. R 11 rinnn lhf"
Democratic uominee. j
C II Moore, colored, was nominated
be the Convention of ( olored Men
against J M. Brower, Republ ican, and
i R II Williams, Dt-raccmt, in tho Fifth
F V. Ibomas announces mmself as
an Independent Republican Alliance
Industrial Union candidate against
Henderson, in the Seventh !
Claude De Ben ard has been
Rolan Baking Powder
Both the method and results when
ymp of Figs i taken-; if in jili jajriij
inul refreshing to the Wflte, 'Aad C(M
gently yet promptly ou the Kjdjtteye,
Liver and Bowels, cleanses be trt-
' tern effectually, dispels colds, head-
acnes and levers and cures bftbitOA
constipation. Syrup of Figs is the
only remedy of its Iciud ever pro
duced, pleasing to tlie taste and ac
ceptable to Die Ptomrieh, prompt lo
its action and truly l,ene6cial in its
effects, prepared only from the moat
healthy :;nd agreiable substances, its
many excellent (pmliiios commend it
to nil and have made it the most
popular ii no ily known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50o
and SI bottles by all leading drug-'
gists. Any reliable drtiggist wbet
may not have it on hand vviU pro
cure it promptly for any one who
wishes tc try it. Do not accept any
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
S4V FRANCISCO. CL.
LOUISVILLE. KY. NEW YORK, H t
Allaf-a Pain and
In flam mat Ion,
Ileala lhe Sores.
Restore I tie
Senie or Taate
TRY THE CURE
A particle in applied into aeh BoatrlaMM
In agreeable. Prloe 60 cent at Pro relate: by
mall, repletered. ho eta. ELY
5 Warren Street. New York..
For Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Dogs, Son
300 race nook en Treatment otAalmale
and 1 hart Heal Free).
eeRRK ( FeTrra.Congpatlona.IaflanMatlaa
A. A. i Spinal Meninirltia, Milk SJar.
It. It t-xzajfH, A-rnTlS, W'orma.
K. ..- nu an h, lleavea, i'nramoala.
'olic or IJrlpra, Bellyache.
;.;. jl if.-RrrluKv llemorrhagra.
II. II. Frlnnry nnd Kidney Dlaeaaee.
l.l.--Kriipttvc IinrnieM, lrlanfe.
J.K.liNeReM of Dineallon, I'aralyala.
Ktrigle liottlo (over SOdowsx - - .00
Stable f'nse, -with Pirlfl,. Manual.
Vch-riimry Cure Oil aiwl Mudlcator, AT.f9
Jar Vrirrioar) CurrOil, - - l.ae
Sold by Drncgists; or Sent Prepaid any-arhera
and in any quantity on Beceipt of Price
HUMPHREYS' MEDICINE OO
Corner WUliam and John Sta., New York.
SPECIFIC No 60
in use 30 years. The only mccesHfol remedj for
Nervous Debility, Vital Weakness.
i and Prostration, from over-work or other rianaaa
f 1 pr vial or e vials and laraa vial powder, far aa.
Sold nr DmriKiifrrs, iirwnt Txwtpald on raeafpa
.f prloc-HUMPHRETS' MEDICINE CO.,
Cor. William and John Sta., jr. T.
All of our Veterinary Preparatiom
can be had of J. V Jordan, Drug(bt.
N. W, cor. Broad and Middle trects,
JOE K. WILLIS,
r iiotrietok nr
EASTERN NORTH CAROLINA
lSTow T3crno, 1ST. O.
Italian and American Marble'and ail
qualities of material.
Orders solicited and given prompt
attention, with satisfaction guaran
teed. G. E. MiLLicii is ray agent at Kinaton,
and Alex. Fields regular traveling
balem Female Academy,
SALEM, N. C,
THE OLDEST FEMALE COLLEGE IN
The s'.th Annual Session beam At -gust
SSih, 1S90. Register for last year
315. Special features: the Dereloa
ment of Health, Character and Intel
lect. Buildings thoroughly remodelled.
Fully equipped Preparatory, Collegia
and Post Graduate Departments, be
sides first clnss schools in Musio, Lan
guages, Commercial and Industrial
Studies. JOHN 11. CLE WELL,
au'', dwlm Principal.
The Convertible Policy
The Convertible Policy issued by
THE MUTUAL BENEFIT
Life Inmii noce Company
mcludeR al! tho libera, features of lh
Corupany! wilh the Bddition of a
"lWc'ii Ca.-)li Surrender value, wkiob
.,, . ., , .;. ... ,
will be paid at any time after two year
Every Poller has endorsed upon it
tabU showing in plain figure the op
tions granted by the company.
1st option. Cash surrender ralne.
2d option. Amount that may be bor
rowed from the company on the pol
icy. 3d option. Extended insurance for feat
amount of the policy.
4th option. Paid up policy value.
i This is the most liberal policy yet of
fered ana is tne salest insurance to aw
Every dollar paid gets a, dollar'
worth of Insurance.
No loss by lapses.
D. T. O A II K Wtl, A(al.
Healthy persons between fourteea
and seventy insured.