. ; - -l Zfj .
31.00 Per Tear
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS.
Single Copies, 5 Cents.
NEW BERNE. CRAVEN COUNTY, N. C, APRIL r. 1894
lK I ib P'lfe I ft sa piif mm Wil i
ThoUtoor the BUnd bill has
beea decided by either (be pprov
" si or the reto tf the President, bat
- the straggle over silver ia by no
- n4B jt n end,
I was stid week o- more ago
that the President woold' eiga the
bill if he could be essared that there
woo Id by no moe silver legislation
daring hi administration. We
called attention at the time to the
fact that there wa no one aathori
sad to gire the anoranoe.
If tho Presideut hud promptly
approved the Blair bill the people
and tbir Bipre-eotative would
fcve &en content to w -m th re
sale itboas father v ;iun in i
, xespeet Xr stlvwr. ,..
Whetbtr the bill h W txaa.siaa-
- d ojaot tb delay pi the- Presi-
- dent has eaaaed Mr- Stewart to in
i trcdace a bill ia the Senate for the
- .free and aalitpited eoioara of sti
werud it asserted with no litUe
.-r show of ooafideoee, that if the
- J3Ind bill ia ; vetoed the 8tews.it
' bill will pass both hoasea by
Urge majority, Shool-i the Stewart
'c bill pass It will certainly be vetoed,
.ad the qnestiou; naturally ' arrives
-can the Bland Ml or"" the 8rewart
bill be. pasaed ever t be veto of the
President. .; ,
' : It seems that the BUnd bill is
' much more, apt Ut paos over the
- reto than the Stewart bill. Silwr
; has maey frtrads who an not ia
favor ot ita free and unlimited coin.
age, and the Bland bill, being the
more moderate mennure woaIdcom
jnaad the fall atieagh of the ail
; rer men. '"
It U ob7ioos that silver is here
to stay. IU staying qaality is
greater thn that of any man. It
dm more weignt tnan -any man.
A. man of great Inflaenee may re
tard the restoration of silver to its
' jropar place, . bat the , man ap3n
7 wheat silver falls will be gronad to
'. powder." l. .
It la rery strange that the people
of the ' greatest silver . proJncing
coaatry id the world submitted to
the demoaitixatioa of silver. It ia
stranger still that any mt a can
" sappoee that he can keep the peo-;-.
pie from-ha v tag silver aad( de
manding for it fall an 'complete
. : Silver is not dead. For a time it
-was sleeping, or seemed to sleep;
bat It is now awake ad showins
- Ihe strength of a giant.
A Car Load of
llireci -froiir the "Mills.
He7 Orleans Holassss,
right off j, the : farm in
LoTiisiaiina, from first
. hands. ;!', " . , .
Also A tali stock of other O roc
ries and farmers supplies, for sale
cheap. Call and see me, it will
- pay yon. ?i 4
(: R. JOHES.
. x , DR.' G. K BAGBY,
Ofio. UliiU irMi. apposite BaptiM
aaaMwtf - 9EWBKBM. Iff. a
OR. .J. D. CLAHK,
, BSW ICBIB, R. C
- Ofta oa Crmvm lrei, btven Pollock
J H. BENTON. M.B., D.D.S.
PralM Ilmitwi to
M of NHro
OOk. nnu r mux nxrwi, aad Vaa
; P. H. PEILETIEB,
A T TO BUST A. T- LA W ,
jliddls street,Fnt room above Farm
' - : - r's & af erehaat's Bank.
Will BVMtla to tb Oaaatlaa of Uit.i
. irlmt. Jom. Omm tad PamlMO.
. a.CBIoaStatoaObrtatIlav Bora,aaS
; WM- CLAUSE,
' Tidi rr
f 5 Office, 72 South. Front street op-
posite Qaston Hoase.
ATTOEHEY AT LAW
' Real Estate Agent.
JNW Bene, N. C.
ConectIon.New y rk
Bostnn auaa Canada.
f ' Farm lands,
- Do yoa want to bay T
- Do 70a want to sell I
4 ' '
1500 uerM, Traat Kod, 6 miaaftr
TlmiMff sad Track laad.
Fiiraiers in Maryland and
ware slowly and aawillingly
qaiah the idea of growing
wheat and com in competition with the
west, and half sorrowfully ad 1 it
that their lands mast in time come
to form a market garden for the
for the great cities of the Atlantic
seaboard. There is an old-fashioned
notion in Delaware and upon the
eastern hore that it is more re
spectthle ro grow wheat in sixty
acre fields than half a dozen veget
ables iQ mall plots, and the min
ate pe&snot farming cf Prance,
Belgian and Holland has no at.
iraouom for the occupants of
three-haodrf ii acre forms.
Sariugs Banks have been the
meaosoLgiving maay families
homes and theyBave" Bad frftHHI
effect io edaoating the people to
beootuj nore settled and thrift;,
thereby establishing mv confi
dence in basioess circles. Ia ;he
prevailing severe finrncial depress
ion itia noteworthy .that, in the por
tion where savings banks are niosf
fatly patroaized, those biaks have
suffered bat slightly from the bar
times, and few'of their patrons have
been compelled to withdraw their
The Baooessfol farmer Is he who
provides conveniences for the care
of bis property and the performing
of his work; he counts time as an
important Item io the yearly esca
lation and care of all . hia varioa-
effects as a factor in the a an oat re-
tarns. When he pnU the horse in
the stable there Is a place for the
harness, where it will be safe from
the weather or any other damage;
his wagons sad tools are provided
with coverings to preserve them;
about bis premises will be found a
little shop or room where the saws
hammers, " vises, angers and Vi
rions tools that are needed to mend
and pat In order the different ma
chines he oses. These sinu Ie ar
ticles prevent days and weeks of
delay, besides adding 'o the length
of the time the implements will
last. It pay to have convenien
ces, and also to get what yoa do
bay of good quality.
Lord Bosebery seems to have
been successful in attaining almost
evwythiDg that be has ever de
sired. Be bas now attained the
highest position in the gift of the
sovereign, as representing tbe pop
ular will. He ban already won tbe
bine-ribbon of the turf the Derby,
aod the blue ribbon of Knight
hood tbe Garter. He married tbe
greatest heiress in England; he
ha con ti oiled the foreign affairs of
his country aod empire and he has
now succeeded the greasest leader
in modern English history. Lord
Bosebery's policy in ajgeneral way,
his principles ia broad outline, may
he not inadequately portrayed by
his own eloquent words at Bir
mingham on Hay 26, 1892, which
we quote from the Forum. ,v "Never
was Ibe power of the British Em
pire so great as it is now. It
stretches 'away into space, calm
with tbe sleeping strength of a sum
mer sea. Bat what is the real es
sence what is tbe secret of that
power! It is not in fleets or in ar
mies, or even in your treasurers or
your population- Its essence, its in
spiration, its base, :s in equal lib
erty and in equal Justice."
These ways of life from a busi
ness standpoint are fall of changes
There is no certain rule to be laid
down that guarantees success,
cess, though the main principles
are inviolable. One, man works
from morn till sight year ia and
year ont and has nothing to show
for bis work bat food, clothes, and
shelter. Another man works per
sistently and faithfully, but his
course is one of continual upward
progress. He is known a t a man of
meant; he is placed in oharge of
important enterprises; he is a man
whose inflaenee is sought and bis
very name inspires respect and
suggests strength. Why thi is differ
enoe between these two menf Why,
he first pats muscle into his work
and the other, educated brains.
The" first may have force and ener
gy of character, bat the second has
the power of directing his energies
into channels that give them pow
er. Industry, character, persever
enoe aod persistence are strong
forces, bet they require governing
and directing in order to make tbe
best application of their power.
Tbe force of the wind goes to waste
unless eaptared by the windmill
and put to practical use. Steady,
earnest work is not to be underes
timated, but It should be made to
coont foY as much as possible n
the results of life. This can on ly be
ccooa plisbed by applying prac
tical ed a cation as a directing and
governing influence. Tbe best con
structed ship will drift away from
its courts unless it is furnished
with a rudder, and the best hie
will be spent in tntile efforts unless
started and kept ia the right course
TO IITI lit TSt.
Wm tn-tvl 4 rw . , to tb.
F. S. DUFFY, Druggist and
tMrmn 1 1 1 mt LM Bmif im rr
P rvquim lunr dit er
f "PU hina k fetan kund). tun
tin Xj. Hsj AS A PREVENTIVE
itJ Ar b,HlMmttlalspit4.tasitnc
ajnM a ut ihii..1 dMM ; bmt in Mm m ot
ALFRED HOLT COLQUITT.
It is not oar purpose to record !
the pablic services of the diatin
gaisbed senator from Georgia who
died at the national capita! on
last Monday, Maich, L'(, 1804.
These belong to the atcbivn i.f
imperishable hict iry, ani
perpetuated ti the Uteao
Bif as this writer does
member the periol when
n t re
not know Alfred Oolqni't
intima'e wiih bun in peace and
war it is not inappropriate for him
to open the volume of sacred mem
ories and present personal reoolec
tions of one of the noblest and best
meo who ever trod the eart b.
One of onr earliest recollec
tions of him was his
return from rrtrrtwtoti where he
had just graduated . He was every
where regarded as a model young
man, and, as the son of Senator
Walter T. Colquitt, it was natural
to predict for him a brilliant fa
tare. Alfred Oolqaitt was educated for
the bar and entered upon his pro
fession at his home in Le Orange
Georgia, but he soon married and
removed to Sonth West Georgia
and became one of the largest cot
ton planters of that section. A man
of pleasing manners and popular
address, bearing an honored name
and spotless reputation, be was
elected to Ujngr388 as the spon
taneous expression of pablic senti
ment. Bat be did uot like congress
ional life, be was domestic in his
taste and at the end of the term for
which be was elected he volunterily
retired to bis plantation. For yetrs
i he was President of the agricalta-
ral Secretary of Georgia.
Alfred Oolqaitt entered the mil
itary service of the Confederacy at
the beginning of tbe war and bore
an honorable part io that ever
memorable struggle, rising to the
rank of Major General.
After the war he was twice elected
Governor of Georgia, and since bis
retiremeLt from theGobernational
office be has been continuously in
the United States Senate.
What made Alfred H. Colquitt the
man he was, secured him the love
and confidence of tbe people and
caused him to be one
of the most (
bonored of American senators? It
was his splendid personality. The
record of his life is absolutely per
fect. There is not an i to be dot'ed,
not at to be orassed not a line to
be erased-True, be inherited an
bonored name, but magnified that
name. He was the polished cap
stone hf a colnmn of Parian mar
ble. There have been greater states
men than Oolqaitt, more brilliant
military commanders, but the ele
ments of greatness so mixad in
him as to give the world assurance
of a man.
Truth was bis gaiding Star and
Honor hia constant companion.
The Church was as dear to him as
the State. He died as be bad
lived, a patriot and a chris
tian. Tbe coantry has lost maoh in the
death of tbis gjeat aud good man,
but to his family and his friends the
loss is irreparadle.
The question of immediate inter
est at Washington, next to what
will the President do with the
Bland bill, is who will scceed Col
quitt in the senate?
The Governor of Georgia will ap
point some one for tbe unexpired
term, and quite a member of dis
tinguished men are mentioned for
the place, among these are doBig
non, Turner; Crisp and Bacon.
It will be remembered that for
many years it waa the custom in
Georgia to give one of tbe aenator
sbips to the northern part of the
State and the other to sooth Geor
gia Senator Colquitt resided at
Atlanta at tho time
of his entrance upon hia
senatorial career, but be lived in
Sonth Georgia when elected Gov
ernor, and the place made vacant
by his death is usually regarded as
belonging to that sec ion of the
The men we have mentioned io
connection with the successorship
all reside in sonthern Qaorgia.
Tbe public mind naturally Turns
to Cnap or Turner as tbe proper
man for tb place, but we do not
expect the appointmentof either ot
tbem. All men are more or less
inflaenced by their personal inter-
The appointee will have the ad
vintage of being a Senator when
the contest comes before the Leg
isletnre. Governor Northen will be a can
didate, and it is not probable tbat
he will give the vantage ground to
snch forumble rivals asCrifp aod
We tbink tbat tbe appointee will
' be Bacon or duBignon, and th st
, the latter has the better prospect,
j Bacon b.w long been in public life,
and, in any event, win oe a cn
didate before tbe Legislature, while
duBignon is comparatively a youn
(man and would probably be
satisfied with the unpxpired
Whoever m,y be appointed by
theGoverDor, we irujt, for the
honor of Geoi gia aud the good ot
the whole couutry. thu Henry G.
Turner will be elected by the Leg-
He is a very tble man and would
idoru the senatorial offica. Crisp is
.qually able, bat he is now Spea
ker of the House of Represent
tivea, and it would be a pablic eil
emity t) reuove hiai from that po
sition, Bit, in this day, it iatbe unex
pected that usually happens, and,
while it is expected of journalists
to express the: r opinions on public
matters, the qjeicio as to who is
to represenr Georgia in the place
so will tilled hr the lamented Col
quitt, rests witli tbs Governor and
Legislature of that great State.
ANOTHER VIEW OF IT.
Here U a Man Who Thinks the Frost
a Blessing to Truckers.
Mr. E. C. Palmer, of tlie firm ol Palmer,
Rivenburg, & Co , New York, was down
in Charleston just before the present cold
snap, according to his annual custom of
visiting the principal points South a n.ut
this time of year. Tbe News & Courier
published the following summary of the
obstryations he made on his trip and of
the results lie thought would come from
a partially destructive spell of weather
"Florida, ha remarked, has an immense
truck Top, and it is well advanced.
Strawberries, peas, cabbages and toma
toes are being sent North from Florida
in great quantitit s. With the exception
ot cabbages all truck brings lair prices.
Cabbages are a drug on the market.
There has been a very large crop, and it
is being rushed on the market all at
once. It is the fault ot the remarkably
forward season, and if there is Dot a cool
change soon the whole Southern belt
from Florida to Virginia will be ship
ping at once, and prices will become al
most nominal. In a normal season these
crops come into the market in rotation.
A frost would be a blessing even if
some smaller truck were killed, the dif
ference that a cold snap would neces
sarily make in prices would more than
make up for the losses."
Norfolk Truckers Feel Gloomy.
Atter the first killing cold the Norfolk
Virginian spoke as follows concerning the
."The Norfolk county truckers who
visited the seed stores yesterday came
to the city, many ot ihcm to get seed for
replanting. They report that the great
est loss will be to the early strawberry
crop, which was fiirly well advanced.
Lettuce, radish, peas, beans and cucum
bers were killed and will require replant
ing. InsU potatoes were cud to tne
ground but will sprput again.'"
On Thursday under the lead of ''More
from the truckers," it made this state
"Mr. George Barnes, one of the largest
truckers on the Branch, says that there
will not be a fifth crop of berries and no
peas except late ones. Potatoes are
thrown back some time. Beans have
been killed and cucumbers will rot in
the ground. The outlook for truck this
season, he thinks, is a gloomy one. This
seems to be the opinion of all of them.
Several from the district of Deep Creek
expressed themselves in the same man
ner." Changes of Lights in N. C. Waters.
Among the changes about which the
Superintendent of the United States
Coust and Geodetic Survey gives notice
to mariners are the following:
North Carolina Pamlico River.
Near Washington. Change in Light
Characteristic. New Post Lights. The
characteristic of the post lighi hown on
S. part of middle ground off Mc Williams
Point below Rodmans Point, Pamlico
Rivr, is changed from fixed white to
fixed red. A new post light, fixed white
is shown near black spar bnoy. No. 9, off
Rodmans Point, on the bearings:
Tangent to lower point ot entrance to
Runyoo Creek, N. by E. 1-2 E.
SW. tangent to island abreast of Wash
ington, NW. 1-4 W.
A new post light is also shown near
red spar buoy, No. 10, off Windmill
Point, on tbe bearings:
E. tangent Rodmans Po'nt, S. by E.
Tangent to upper point of entrance to
Rodmans creek, SW. 5-8 S.
This affect Charts 144-1.
Says it is "Destruction W.thout Loss."
The Raleigh correspondent ot the Wil
mington Messenger, quotes Commissioner
of Agriculture Robinson as follows, in
reference to the to the effect of the freeze
"The reported loss of 11,000,006 on
truck, etc., while apparently a loss is
really destruction without loss, as truck
ers will get high prices which would not
have been4the case if there had been a full
crop. The North Carolina truckers were
complaining that the Norfo'k truckers
were up with them. There is now a
prospect for those who have anything
to get something for it. There will be
no over production."
Anent the commendatory mention of
Craven count) schools in yesterday's
Joumsal, comment may no not be mal
apropos. Conceding the proficiency ot the pul
lic school teachers, which ia something
to be proud of, the boast that the schools
run a frni of over three months savors
of the irouical.
While no d nct mention is made ot the
New Berne Acfi'lemy it is fair to suppose
it was includedin liie reference toschoi.U
ofCrai:' county, as the teachers there
are perhaps as goo I as the balance.
It is to this latter special attention
should be called, tor without detriment
to the teacher" there, who are hs good as
could be expected for the salaries paid,
this school is not of that high standard
it should be.
If New Berne ia not to lose the proud
edusational prestige obtained wbeu
iustlv named the Athena of North Caro-
i lina,"there must be a greater concentra
tion of home support, aLd the curricu
I lum raised to a higher grade and higher
1 Surely with its income from private
bequest, anel proper home patronage.
I such a school should be had here as j
t would obviata tile necessity of sending i
'either boys or girls out ot the town tor:
education that would fit them for any 1
! of the ordinary vocations f f life. I
Wnen tis is done, the sehool will
have enough support to be self sustain
ing. Children now found scattered at
half a dozen private schools will all go
j CULLED ITEMS OF NEWS.
! The naval cadets defeat Yale by a
score ol 4 to 8.
Rothschild requires of his cook :i differ
ent kind of soup every day in the yer.
The total war strength of Europe is
over 10,000,000 men.
A decree of foreclosure of the Geogia
Pacific Railroail has been obtained.
American pumps are known in China
and Japau as well as in all parts of Eu
rope. J. S. T. Stranahan tf Brooklyn, the
only living American who has a public
monument of himself, drives out every
pleasant afternoon to Prospect park anel
takes a look at his statue.
Some Congressmen after a carefnl sur
vey of their prostiate fences may con
clude that 'twill be cheaper to get out
than try to repair them.
In North Carolina e have 33,280,000
acres of laud about 12,000,000 ot which
is in cultivation. Of this num1er 1,600, -
000 is in cotton.
Whether a man gets or fails to get an
office ia often an important factor in de
termining his opinion of the party in
The rumor that Mr. Cleveland could
not walk on account of an attack of gout
was refuted by his giving a public recep
tion Wednesday afternoon. He limped
The development in the Breckenridge
Pollard case are on the line of what kind
of a woman Miss Pollard was before the
Colonel ever met her. The details are
too filthy for publication.
A ringing, stinging, howling norther
jumped upon northern Texas at noon on
' the 28th, and the thermometer fell 30 de
grees in 15 minutes.
Collector Simmons has reports of large
seizures of unstamped whiskey at Fay
etteville and KinBton.
Governor Carr says the temperature in
March, 1885, was even lower than it was
this week. It was on March 18, 1885, 18
degrees at his home in Edgecoaue, and
six inches of snow was on the ground.
The new freight rate asked by the A.
& N. C. Railroad of tbe State Commis
mission has been arranged, The com
mission dismisses a complaint made by
citizem of Aurora against the Norfolk &
Southern Railroad, for alleged freight
A new counterfeit $10 note has turned
up. It is on the Notional Bank of Ver
gennes, Vt. Editors of our exchanges
should go carefully over their $10, notes
to ascertain how many counterfeits they
Judga Willford, of Henrico county,
Va., aethers to the decision against allow?
ing Belva Lockwood to practise in his
court. She will apply to tha Supreme
It all depends upon how you are con
stituted whether tbe cold Easer wenther
was regarded as a specie 1 lavar to those
who bad not supplied themselves with
spnnz clothes, or an inaicaiion tnai
Providence frowned on the march of
There is danger that Madeline Pollard
will feel called upon $500 a week is the
extent ot the cill to oate to tune a
whack at elevating the stage. The mana
ger who could induce Breckinridge to du
a love scene with her could get rich.
The State department has had the or
iginal draft of the Declaration of Inde
pendence, which has heretofore been on
public exhibition, put away in a tin tube.
It is said that this step has been taken
because the ink on the precious manu
script is fading.
The residence of John Wilts, McEen?
dree, W. Va., was burned Wednesday
nuht and his eight children and Miss
Millie Henrick a servant, burned to
death. Two ot the children were twins,
six weeks old. Mrs. Wilts made an
effort to save them but she had to leave
them to perish with the others. The fire
occurred at 6 o'clock and the roof was
falling in when discovered.
Soltfmn funeral services over
the remains of the late Senator
Colquitt were neld in the Senate Cham.
ber at 9 o'clock on the 27tn intt. Tne
funeral party then took its departure for
Macon and the Senate adjourned until
tbe next day.
Nathaniel S. Berry, of Bristol , N. H.,
is tne oldest living ei-uovernor in tut
United States. lie was born Septeinler
1 17Qfi onH nitAr hnlrlincr apvpral minor
orfeces was elected Governor in 1881,
being re-elected to succeed himself.
Rev. C. A. Jenkins, ol Goldsboro, com
menced on last night a series of meetings
at the Fayetteville Street Baptist church,
Kaleizh. 1 he News Observer unrouicie
says that at the conclusion of his admira
ble remarks more than twenty-nve asued
an interest in the prayers of the congre
gation. Senator Stewart has introduced a bill
for the full and unlimited coinage of
silver. He would not let it go to the
Committee on Finance but had it laid on
the table, to be called up for discussion.
The impression gains ground that such a
bill can be passed through both Houses
of Congress if the President vetoes the
Here is 1 little romance from the press
dispatches. A poor young man rescued
a girl from the suxl at Atlantic City last
summer. She was in her bathing suit
and for the life ot him he could not tell
whether she was an heiress or a factory
girl. She was pretty, however and the
gallant young man clung to her and saved
her lite, she turned out to Dean neiress.
They were married in Brooklyn a day or
The Washington Times, of March 21st,
has this to say regarding J. S. Carr:
"Prominent among progressive and
public spirited North Carolinians is Col
Julian S. Carr, who was seen by the
Times at tlie Arlington last night. At
40 he is two or three times a millionaire,
is president of the great Durham Tobacco
company, president of the North Carolina
State Agricultural society, president of
the Young Men's Democratic club, and
uses bis bisr income uoeraiiy in Dunciinar
churches and endowing colleges In the
deal looking to the retirement of Senator
Ransom, Col. Carr is a prominent Sena
torial probability. He is rich, handsome.
distinguished looking, easy mannered,
and one of the most successful business
men in the South.'
It is reported that under the leader
ship ol Ellen G. White, known as tne
'.Mother of A'lventism," the followers of
that peculiar brnnh of religious faith at
Battle Creek. Mich , were lately selling
or giving away all their property, and
preparing for their ascent to Heaven
believing that the end of tbe world is
near at hand. At a rwcent meeting farms,
personal property, iewels, eto., worth
$25,000, were donated to raise a fund tor
the 'spread of the eospel. The precise
day for the "ascent" has n ot yet been
Governor Northen has appointed
Speaker Charles F. Crisp to succeed the
late Senator Alfred H. Colquitt. Not a
word has passed between Uov. Northen
and Speaker Crisp and tbe latter's name
had not even been presented formally to
the Governor. The speaker telegraphed
back to the Governor, acknowledging
the mark of his esteem and confidence
but added that his obligation to the Dem
ocrats of the House were such that he
could uot without consulting tbem de
j termine what he ought to do in the pre
BLAXD KILL VETOED.
I he rresideut in a Long Messege Gives
the Reasons for His Action.
Mr. Cleveland has vetoed the Bland
Seigniorage bill and returns it to the
House of Representatives with a message
of great length, 2,500 words, giving his
reasons for the veto. He believes the
effect of the bill would be to do away
with the good results brought about by
the Sherman Repeal bill.
Tbe following is taken from the text of
the President's message vetoeing the:
To the Houteqf Representative:
I return, without my approval. House
bill No. 4956, entitled: '-An Act Direct
ing the Coinage of the Silver Bullion
Held in the Treasury and for Other Pur
NOT WISE OR OPPORTUNE I
v alrnnir dfeir tn avniii l!a,Krfnairnnf
J O v .u.u vt JUKI l.
... .. ? . .. , , .
with thos in both branches of Congress
U 1 .1 I - II lit ,
nuu ut&YG Buppui ic j euib uiii, wouiti lead j
me to approve it if I could believe that i
the public good would not thereby be
endangered, and that such action on my
part would be a proper discharge of
official duty. Inasmuch, howwever, as I
am unable to satisfy myself that the pro
posed legislation is either wise or oppor
tune, my conception of the obligation and
responsibilities attached to the great
office I hold, forbids the indulgence of
my personal desire, and inexorably con
fines ma to that course which is dictated
by my reason and judgment, and pointed
out by a sincere purpose to protect and
promote the general interests of our pe
RECOVERING FROM THE PANIC.
The financial disturbance which swept
over the country during tho last year was
unparallelled in its severity and disas
trous consequences. There seemed to be
almost an entire displacement of faith in
Our financial ability and a loss of confi
dence in our fiscal policy. Among those
who attempted to assign causes for our
distress it was very generally conceded
that the operation of a provision of law
then in force which required the Govern
ment to purchase monthly a large amount
ef silver bullion and issue United States
notes in payment therefor, was either en
tirely, or to a large extent, responsible
fcr our condition. This led to the repeal,
on November 1, 1893, of this statutory
We had, however, fallen so low in the
depths of depression, and timidity and
apprehension bad so completely gained
control in financial circles, that our rapid
reoupt ration could not be reasonably ex
pected. Our recovery has, nevertheless,
steadily progressed, and though less than
five months have elapsed since the repeal
of tbe mischievous silver purchase re
quiiement, a wholesome improvement is
unmistakably apparent. Confidence in
"Ur absolute solvency is to such an extent
reinstated and faith in our disposition to
adhere to sound financial methods is so
tar restored, as to produce the most en
couraging results both at home anel (
abroad. The wheels of domestic indus
try have been slowly set in motion and the
tide of foreign investment has again
started to our direction
Our recovery being so well under way,
nothing should be done to check our
convalescence; nor should we forget that
a relapse at this time would almost surely
reduce us to a lower stage of financial
distress than that from which we are just
THE BILL A RETROGRESSION.
I believe that if the bill under consid
eration should become a law it woulel be
regarded as a retrogression from the finan
cial intentions indicated by our recent
repeal of the provision forcing silver
bullion purchases; that it woulel weaken
if it did not destroy, returning faith aad
confidence in our sound financial ten
dencies, and that, as a consequence, our
progress to renewed business health
would be unfortunately checked and a
return to our recent distressing plight
IIS MBAXIKO AMBIGUOUS.
The entire bill is moat unfortunately
constructed. Nearly every sentence pre
sents uncertainty and invites controversy
as to its meaning and intent. '
The first section is especially faulty in
this respect, and it is extremely doubtful
whether its language will permit the con
summation of its supposeel purposes. I
am led to believe that tbe promoters of
the bill intended in this section to pro
vide for the coinage of the bullion con
stituting the gain or seigniorage, as it is
called, into standard silver dollars and
yet there is postively nothing in this sec
tion to prevent its coinage into any des
cription of silver coins now authorized
under any existing law. I suppose this
section was also intended in case the
needs of the treasury called for money
faster than the seigniorage bullion could
actually We colded, to permit the issue of
silver certificates in advance of such coin
age; but its language would seem to per
mit the issuance of such certificates to
double the amount of seigniorage as
stated, one half of which would not rep
resent an ounce of silver in the Treasury.
The debate upon this section in the
Congress developed an earnest and pos
tive difference of opinion as to its object
and meaning. In any event, I am clear
that the present perplexities and embar
rassments ol the Secretary of the Treas
ury ought not to be augmented by de
volving upon him the execution of a law
so uncertain and confused.
I am not willing, however, to rest my
objection to this section solely on these
grounds. In my judgement sound finan
ce does not commend a further infusion
of silver into our currency at this time,
accompanied by further adequate pro
vision for the maintenance in our treas
ury of a safe gold reserve.
.Doubts also arise as to the meaning and
construction of the second section of the
Whstever else may be said of the un
certainties of expreLsion in this bill, they
certainly ought not to be found in legis
lation affecting subjects so important anel
far reaching as our finances aud currency
RESERVES THE PARITY POL1CT.
I regard this section ot the bill as em- ;
bodying a plan by which tne Government ;
will be obliged to pay out its scanty store
of gold for no other purpose thau to force ;
an unnatural addiiion of the silver mou- i
ey into the hands of our peeiple. This is j
an exact reversal of tne policy which i
safe finance die-tates if we are to preserve ;
the parity between gob I ami silver and
maintain sensible bimetallism. '
WII.I. DEPLETE THE OOLD RESERVE.
When it is proposed to inflate our sdv. r
currency it is tune tor strcnthi.iy our
gold reserve instead of depleting it I
cannot conceive of a longer step toward
silver monomeutallisiii than we take when
we Spend our gold to buy silver ceitili
cates for circulation, and especially in
view oi the practical difficulties sur
reiunding the replenishment ot our gold
CURRESCY IX CONFUSED CONDITION.
This leads me to earnestly present the
desirability of granting' to the Seere
tary of the Treasury a better power than
now exists to issue bonds to protect our
gold reserve, when for and reyson it
should be neccesary. Our currency is in
such a eonl'u cd enndiriiui and our finan
cial affairs are ant to as-uinc at anv time
so critical a
ition t hat it seems to me
such a course is .li, t
ted by otdinary
It . . ...
! l am not in -mih
t lie argunie nts in
I ;on seinnierage
I believe it
I favor ot coiniii the I'll
I now in the tiva-ury, at
' could lie done at', lv am
if the Secretary of the Treasury had thp
power to issue bonds at a low rate of in
terest under authority, in substitution of
that now existing and better suited to
the protection of tin- trea-urv.
A UETTKIl WAY WANTED,
a wav will present itself
near future for
the adjustment of our
n such a comprehensive
am (conservative manner as
to silver, its proper place in our currency:
but in the meantime I am extremely soli
citous that whatever action we take on
this subject may be such as to prevent
loss ana discourage. nent of our people at
home, and the elestnici ion ot confidence
in our financial management abroad.
I (Signed )
March 29, 1894
The CLiief of the Weather Bureau di
rects the publication of the following
elata, compiled from the record of obser
vations for the month of April, taken at
the station for a periotl of twenty-three
Mean or normal temperature, Gl ele
grces; the warmest April wa3 that of 1893,
with an average of 6b elegrees; the cold
est April was that of 1881, with an
average of 58 degrees; the hignest tem
perature dti.ing any April was 90 de
grees, on the 26th, 1880 the lowest tem
perature during any April was 28 de
grees, on the 19th, 1875; averageiate on
which last ''killing" frost occuneil (in
Spring.) March 30th.
Average precipitation for the month,
2.90 inches; average number of elays
with .01 of an inch or more, 9; the great
est monthly precipitation as Q. Ql inches,
in 1877; the least monthly precipitation
was 0.97 inches in 1872; the greatest
amouut of precipitation recorded in any
24 consecutive hours fas 2 64 inches,
on April 13th, 1877. No snowfall in
Average number of clear days, 12;
average number ot partly cloudy days,
11; average uumber of cloudy days, 7;
The prevailing winds have been from the
Southwest; the highest velocity ol the
wind elnring any April was 40 miles, on
the 13th, 1877.
Craven County Schools.
The public schools of this county are
closing an unsually, brilliant and success
ful term, which will average over three
months in duratiou.
The superintendant has raiseel the stand
ard of scholorship from y iar to year and
the colleges and high schools have fur
nished much excellent material for teach
ers and the county now possesses .he
finest role of teachers it ever had some of
the most accomplished women of tbe
State are engaged in this work in Craven
couuty, aod in uany instances the rural
districts have contributed some of the
most useful members of this body.
The Christian Advocate.
The Christian Aelvecate came
last night from its new home in
boro, bright crisp, improveel in a
ance anei lull of promise.
The Advocate was establisheei in 1855,
and ever since our recollection it has
been a credit both to the denomination
it represents and to the State, a paper
worthy of being in every family and now
that the Methodist papers of the Stste
have been consolidated with this one
there is good grounds for believing that
it will be better than ever before.
Rev. D. Atkins, D. D. of the Western
N. C. Conference and Rv. W. L. Grig
som ,of the North arolina Conference
are the editors
The paper is published by a joint
stock company, of which Rev. F. L. Keid
was recently elected President; one of
the editors, Mr. Gris3om, who is spoken
of as a fine business man, is Secretary
and Treasurer. Among those taking
stock we notice the name of our towns
man, Mr. L. H. Cut ler.
The desire is to distribute the stock as
largely as possible among the ministers
and clergy meu of both cenferences.
T. M. C. A. State Convention at Wil
mington. The programme of the Eighteenth An
nual Convention of the Young Men's
Christian Association, of North Carolina,
as previously announced will be held in
Wilmington April 5th to 8th (Thursday
to Sunday inclusive.
The W. N. & N. Railroad gives re
duced rates on the occasion and the
Board of Directors of the New Berne
local association at th n- list annual
meeting, empowered t li Presid.-ut, Dr.
J. D. Clark, to joint delegates Iro n
this association. To -, .v'.io can
are requested to let him know, the num
ber is uot limited the association can
send as many as will go.
Mr. W. J. Ramsey of Trinity college,
who was leader of the singing in the
Fife meetings at New Berne will have
charge of the singing at the Association
All the day sessions and Mic Thursday
aad Sa. unlay night sassi-m will ba held
in the Association Imil lin; Grace M. E.
Church aad the first Presbyterian and
first Baptist church will be used at
5 l VI
in I instructive pre
gruinine na ''ce i
parts in i he c n v,
Cln ietz'.HT-', p i-t
Chapel Hill; ILm
W. G. Burkh"a I.
wlio take priniin
ntio:i arc: R-v. II. F.
o Centra! M. E Church
i'hos. flu ne, D. D.
, R. B Glenn, Winsto i
Wuitevillc; Rev. Eg
'ei'nsboro; Rev. J. W.
Lee, Greens'mro; ii P. Anderson, Secre
t m ry lner national Committee; F. S.
IJrockniHn. i oiieije secy intr-nationa
committee; fc van .relist W. Y. i ile. Char-
lotte, and V . H. Giles ami J. Win. Lee,
I ,10 a ovi n un 's will give some idea
of ibe Ii !) v.-. Meter ol the work that :
in i v be expected irom the convention.
E 1. li department 01 t tie Association
w ork the iveniar, the junior, the College, !
railroad and oilier special branches will
receive elue attention, and the work be
tliscussee' in all its divisions.
The meetings are of a character to
prove beneficial to all who attend.
THE GREAT FREEZE.
It Wag Widespread and Very Disas
trous Fruit Killed, Field Crops
We glean from exchanges news as to
the results ot the late Ireeze over the
State and other Darts of the conntrv.
The Raleigh News-Observcr-C lironiclc
says the killing freeze left fruit blos.sms,
vegetables, etc., cold and lifeless. It is
;ieoauie mat, neany an tue truit was
killed and eaily Jvegetationn shared the
same fate. Commissioner Robinson had
at his office specimens of nparh. nir unrl
quince blossoms and all were dead. The
peaches would break to pieces when
touched so thoroughly had the cold
affl cted them but as the vineyards were
only partially budding out the grape
crop is not destroyed. There are left
enough dormant buds to give a full half
crop, which ought to be worth something
in view of the fact that there will be a
scarcity of other fruit tbe coming buuj
mer, especially if the better quality of
grapes are raised. Blackberries are not
The Raleigh correspondent ot the Char
lotte Observer quotes the Commissioner
f Agriculture in saying that he believes
the damage is greater than was at first
anticipated by the most fearful. He
goes on to say:
"Everything green was full of sap,
having been "rushed" by the hot house
weather from March 1st to 22nd. Early
wheat is in places knee high, oats in
joint and clover a foot high. The latter
is already black. The fruit so tar as he
has examined it he finds all killed. The
snap has slain the gardens. He declares
lie never saw such a warm spell unless
followed by a snap- In 1871 there was
a killing frost April 26th, which killed
corn down to the ground."
The same correspondent says:
"Farmers who came in today .declared
that grain is greatly damaged and that
fruit is slaughtered. The worst news
from the truck growers and berry grow
ers is looked for. Their loss must be im
mense Even in some hot houses here
the cold damaged plants. The weather
all day was cold and ice did not melt in
the shade. Tbis of course increases the
"The cold wave has carried destruction
with it. It touched with its blighting
influence all tbe United States save the
suit coast of Texas and the lower half of
Florida. At Wilmington thiaj morning's
temperature was 28; at Hatteras it was
30 anet this the signal oflicer says is very
Wherever heard from in the State the
reports are similar to those given. Bor
gaw would have begun shipping straw
berries iu about a week but they are all
destroyed) the aams is said of the Samp
son huckleberry crop.
Reports from Florida state that the
orange crop is badly damaged and straw
Telegrams to the Macon Telegraph,
dated March 26th, from the fruit sections
of Midelle aud Southern Georgia, ahanr
that the fruit crop, peaches, plums and
pears, early vegetables and watermelons
have been ertirely destroyed by heavy
frost. This means a loss of millions of
dollars to that section of jthe country.
Charleston's loss by the cold was heavy.
A white frost completed the work of the
freeze. Potatoes, of which there was a
large crop, suffered the most.
The TJ N. C. Boys. '
The Uuiversity Glee Clnb gave a
delightful performance at the Y. M. C.
A. Thursday. There were sixteen well
trained voices pretty evenly Iralanced,
and their enlivening snugs met with a
hearty cheer lrm the audience. Mr.
McKenzie was especially fine ia his
humorous solos and he was repeatedly
The greater number of the pieces ren
dered were noticeable for the distinct
enunciation and evenness of time.
The young sen were very clever in
their "call backs," and they may be as
sured of having given an enjoyable even
Mr. Chas. S. Hill and Miss Lizzie How
ell were married at 8:80 o'clock Wed.
at the residence of Mr. W. P. Marshall,
brothor-in-law of the bride, Rev. Rufus
The bridal couple entered to the strains
of Mendelsohn's wedding march perform
ed by Mr. J. Willie Stalling, and every
thing passed off beautifully. Refresh
ments were served after tbe ceremony.
A large number of friends were present
on tbe interesting occasion and presents
were numerous and pretty.
The Journal extends ita best wishes
to the happy pair.
A rlnrelliag house on the farm 01 Mr.
W. M. Gilbert, of Adams creek, was
burned Sunday night. The place was
exx'upieel by a colored tennant. named
Joe Mundy. It is supposed to have
C '111 from the stove pipe. No one was
iu the house at the time, tbe occupants
having gone to church. Consequently
nothing was saved. We are informed
the house was worth three or four hun
drcu dollars and Mundy says his loss
was about 125 in furniture and f 14 in
Sheriff bane, the Orator.
The ladies of the Confederate Memorial
Association have invited Sheriff W. B.
Lane to make tbe address on Memorial
Da', May 10th, and tie has accepted.
Mr. Lane can speak of the trying times
and uJiionu deeds of the war from per
soual experience. Be haviner cone
thi ough the war as Captain of a company
- ...w .ot a., v, uajnii j .
Send Your Name Every Time You
In spite of the standing notice at the
head of our editorial column tbat no
writer may expec; to get communication
published who fails to furnish us his real
name, we ofteu receive such, tome of
wuicu, out tor tue omission ot the name,
might appear in print.
We desire the names not necessarily
,or pnDHcation but as a guirrantee of
'good faith and that we may communi-
cate wilh the author further it wo do-
When vou send anything
to a newspaper office send your name
The last anonymous communication
that has come to us is one from Onslow
county, signed Democrat.
"The Old Court House."
More remains of the old ante-bellotn
Courthouse foundation, corner of Broad
and Middle streets, were dug out yester- v.
day by those engaged in constructing the
water works. The house stood exactly ;
in t!:c centre of the two streets, and was '""
"e, enough to amit of a drive way 1
on all sides. It seems that not nr.any .
people used their time in attending court
in those days. -
The old court house was burned ia
January 1881, when tbe rumblings of : '
the approaching war were filling tbe air. .
Portions of the walls were allowed to
stand until New Berne was threatened
with invasion and then they were taken '
down and used to load ships which were
sunk a short distance below New Berne ' v
to form a portion of the blockade. "
Mies Dessie Land of Arapahoe, Pamlico , V I-;
county, accidentally caught on Are Toesi
day the 27th inst and received injuries iv
6db whlrfj at, loot aecuunariir it ur-ronvo; " "
she could not survive. She Is spoken of,).
as a bright, industrious and lovable girl -- . '
Her father, Mr. F. A. Land, is a broth r"-
er of Policeman J. K. Land of New irl, "
Berne, and he and his son Arthur learn- - :
ing of the fearful accident, left Friday
to be with the family in their trouble. . " . .
Charles Crabtree, of Durham, Dlap
A Durham man, Charles E. Crabtree,
disappeared on Tuesday .he 20th inst and -has
not since been heard from. He la J -supposed
to have wandered away in a fit . '.
of mental arberation and fears are enter . '
tain eel tbat he has come to an untimely
He is a married man with an interest-" '.
ing family, lived happily at home and
there is no known reason for his disap- '
He was book-keeper in tho factory t)f
Edward Parish. '
NEWS IN BRIEF.
There is considerable cotton on tbe '
yard yet, and it continues to arrive In,;,
small quantities every few days. ; ,
The cold snap played serious pranks ' '
with the truckers but helped the fish and .1
oyster hucksters. ,
A new post-office has been established 7,
nearErnul's. The name is Askin. MTsa
Laura J. Askins Is in charge of It. ' . -": .. -
The Free Pi ess says the Government -derricks
are at work palling up logs
from the river between Ki niton and New -Berne.
Kiu st ou is agitating building water V"
works, and an electric light plant, Tbe .
ownership of both by the cityis being
There was au exhibition oi the aurora '
boreal's in the northern heavens - last
night about 8 o'clock. Ic did not iast
long, but was quite distinct while it did
last . :. , i
There were eighteen lawyers at Trent -
on court almost more la wye's than there - -were
other people, was the remark of one .
who was there. There were tea from 1
New Berne, five from Lenoir connty, two .
from Onslow and one from Wayne. . , ; . ..
Tbe News-Observer-Cbronicle gives tbe
following snappy item: "One ot our
gardeners informs us that that cold snsp
Tuesday morning took snap judgment
on his snaps and left them with rery little
snap in them. n '
Tbe truck commission men from tbe "
north, of whom there were soma dozen
in town, are all going home to stay till
the peas bloom again, and the parting
between them and the Hotel men is sad
Tne Third Partyites held their town- "
ship meetings last Saturday. The cox-
respondent of the Wilmington Messenger .
says it was the same old set, except tbat
Harry Skinner was in Washington City.
Delegates to the county meeting tbe com-
ing Saturday were appointed, among
them were two negroes.
Messrs Hackbnrn & Willttt took
warning from the Wsatber Bureau tele
gram which predicted the frost, end
covered 80 acres of their potatoes which
were up, by throwing dirt on tbem with .
a turn plow, thus saving tbem. A large
propotion of their crop, escaped by not-
having come up. -
There bas been so much building done '
in New Berne the past season that the
demand l'or brick has exceeded tbe sup ; '
ply. The yards will soon have a new ,
supply on the market, however. The .
outlook for the coming season, a the -
brick business, we are toldJsjfitf :
KinBton Presbyterians have a good lot
paid for and about $400 subscribed to
wards the erection of a church building. -The
membership being small, only nine-
teen, difficulty is experienced ia going
ahead, bnt being desirous ef building at
once they have made an appeal through .
the North Carolina Presbyterian to the
stronger churches for aid, that they may
accomplish their desires. We hope they ,
will succeed. ? ;
Capt. David Mason from Smith's creek .
informs us that ice was found at bis home
Oriental, Monday night a half inch thick.
He left for the city the next morning too
early to see what the effect on the truck -was,
but it can be imagined from the
above statement combined, with the fact '' ,
that tbe peas there Were so far advanced .
that they were expected to be picked ; ,
Mr. A. Gatlup of J-mes county bas an
order tor 60 000 cypress shingles for 7'
Groton, Connecticut. The purcha-teiv;'
Mr. E. A. Card, also bought a car load ' '
ot lumber for immediate shipment, and
gave orders lor a cargo to go by vesseL
On his return he expects to make invest
ments in real estate in tins section. He
says the Northern elemand for North
Carolina lumber is on the increase. . '
The Monroe Euquirer gives the follow
ing item: "The sctioois of the State are '
much inlereste'd in a recent decision of
magistrates of Guilford county. They
held that the students of Guilford College
are liable to road work during their col
legiate term. The students claim, that'
for the same reason that they are not "'
allowed to vote they should be compell- '
ed to work tbe road. The matter will be
tested in a higher court,"