New Berne Weekly Journal … /
June 6, 1895, edition 1 /
Part of New Berne Weekly Journal (New Bern, N.C.) / About this page
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I. X. 2A1PX3. i
f-lf-ttrtiat tie Pl 0$ict l A
Bt TK?, N. C, m atctmd-eUm matter.
4 Secretary Carlisle 1m opened bis
battcrie-; but the free ooinago, flag
till fliea.' .
. When Joh Bajl. wmti anything
he send a few gunboat after it,
The world paU on its tictnala eaoli
JW , f3,000,000 worth of black
According to the newspaper pic
tares lb. .Benjamin Harrison is
growing a bj window as well as a
boom. - ; "
LoU of politicians are lying awake
o'nights trying to figure oat which
aide of the financial question will
pay them beet.
" - -w- ' ' i.
. xuiropeaa nauons wouia Deiier oe
wary ia accepting recent assertions
- oe British officer as to the Monroe
". doctrii hino- a. mftli
V3fen attending the pans in salt
world are never known to have
' 1 T 1 i. t
caoiera, nuaupoi, gcinei lever or
. j , e i wii
- v'. An Easter egg of pare gold, con
. laining a pearl necklace, to wear on
" .her wedding day, was the present
received by a London bean t j this
- It seems that jastices of the Su
preme Coart are itui as liable to
changing their minds as the rest of
hare more to say about it,
yr eag -
: -. . A Bossian Church has been added
to the reCfions institution of Xew
York, but the Church presided oTer
by old Kick is still doing a big basi-
, ness m that town.
" - kThe Emperor William has ordered
the preparation of new school his
ojes o,rvOerman.y, to include the
stoTT of the Franco-Prussian war.
uiMUrv lb win un
If it be true, as stated, that a
, student o.f tle ynirersity of ichi-
faQ was compelled . o eat human
eah by his " fellow students, the
nan who made the outrage public
wasn't the proper party to expel.
; . EL-Snator Bqtler, who was for
some years one of the political boss
es of Sputjh Carolina, has also diS
corered the great joys of private
life, or says he has. He said the
other day:- I don't know that I
ooald get an office if I wanted it, bat
. thank God, I don't want it."
-'-.--iff .j . i J J , v
lM lttlkwot it aa4 Cettoa-
. Jr Fetatees-P? aeses Sfcevrlaz Slges
, - Last year was noticed as a year of
extremes In weather cnanges. but
we nerer saw the extremes of wet
'and dry within a week of each other
as is the case now, but the dry Jiaa
come at the right time to make a
"crop-of corn and perhaps a dry Jane
'will give as good corn corn crops.
Some are digging potatoes. Two
- fanners dug an acre each Monday,
- and the two acres only dog S3 bar-
- rela and. they each need a ton of
. guano per acre they said.
: .Their potatoes did not look as
bad as some others ja . the vicinjty
: either. - We haTe some about here
- that will not dig ten barrels to the
One of the farmers who has jost
ag pqtatqes says be is going to
exasnext year and probaolj tlie
other one wui sret married, as a
solace for his short crop this year.
.There are some lessons to be
learned from the disappointments
the farmers are meeung and blessed
is ha who learns with grace and sub
The extra fci-i, 100 in the shade,
is morinr corn and 'cotton, where
there is any cotton, to do their best.
Fanners, generally, are up with
their work waiting, some of them,
jor potatoes tp grow large enongh
-Canlelopes are erowinsr now finely,
peaches are getting red on one side,
and if rot does not come in two
weeks we will hare peaches and milk
perhaps, and if the potatoes grow
large enough to buj the ice well
frees the peaches and" milk togeth
er, and eojor the faro, cold or hot,
wet or dry, knowing that He who
sends these extremes always does all
all things welL Co it.
' fjeaeral Hsypeaian ef tlie ComuItj
a Tarleos Liaes.
Mr. Brittaa Free Will Baptist)
pUled hs regular appointment to
V 'preaca at otony iraucu, i our m
. gondaj. THe baptized two young
' men Saturday,
1 . Mr. J.W. Qibble filled his regu
' Jar appointment to preach at. tliis
V paca Sunday ' morning:'' At - he
eloee of the meeting one came for-
; ward and made the good confession.
Mrs. Irey of LaGrange, who has
been' risiting the family of her
brother, Mr. Robert Daly, has .re
4tarned to her hdme. ; i i
Oar little Sunday School (Disci-
pies) had their picnic at Spring
''Garden but Tuesday. The Baptist
Sunday School of New Berne pic
nicked at the same time and place,
after the two Sunday School's had
taken dinner together, Capt. Dixon
of the Vanceboro very kindly took
-r our School down the river to New
Berne, which was a delightlul trip,
for which kindness wo will not soon
" forget Capt. Dixon.
" - - Mr. Jno. T. Daly who has been
down here for the last two weeks
f' etting off some timber, returned to
is home near LaG range.
t - Mr. Jfewton Moore was found
. dead in bis bed Sunday morning.
' He was 84 yeare old ana lived near
Winter ureen cuurcn.
Miss Fannie pixon of lima spent
week in oar town. She was the
- guest of Miss Bella Boer.
Mrs. Eisa Dangherty's horse died
last Friday. Mr. E. D. Afcry was,
cultivating a crop with him. . . " -
MARfELOUS DEEP SEA FISHING.
L'scle Saai Sinla Hsok 4 Lin Eire
Miles TJador ik 8urfae.
Few people eat fish caught at a
depth of 800 feet. There are fewer
fishermen at a depth of 4.500 fa-
fathoms, of 27, (hk) feet. This is u
depth of about five and one-half
miles. It takes a heavy sinker and u
strong line to reach this enormous
ocean depth. Uncle Sam is tho only
littler in the world who insists on
such deep sea fishing and measures
depths, not by hundreds of feet,
but by actual miles.
He has a boat built specially for
the purpose. This vessel, the United
States Fish Commission steamer
Albatross, comes into San Diego
Harbor frequently, and is an object
of rare interest to the landsman.
The Albatross is strictly a scien
tific fishing craft. She cost over
100,000, is 234 feet long, and of
1,074 tons displacement, with a
brigantine rig. Her business is to
follow ocean fish as they migrate
from their suramtr to their winter
habitat, and observe their manner of
life. This work includes the collec
tion of nsh, mud, and shells irom a
depth of 27,000 feet to the surface.
The tremendous scope of this work
is hardly appreciable by minds not
converant with the details of it. It
involves not only tho exercise of a
rare scientific talent, but also the
exercise of masterly seamanship in
carrying out the demands, of science
in seen ring fish specimens. For in
stance, the ingenuity of the scient
ists and navigators have resorted to
the employment of the electric light
at great depths in order to attract
heretofore unknown and otherwise
unobtainable fish into the trawl
which is let down from the ship's
In this way small fish are usually
canght. Sometimes, when the ele
ctric light is neaf the surface of the
ocean, large fish are attracted by the
illumination. The light seems to
make the big fish angry, Sharks, for
instance, will dart at the light as if
it were a deadlv toe.
LOWEKIXG Til p LIGHT.
The light is sometimes lowered
800 feet from the surface. At a
depth of 70 feet the illumination be
comes invisible. When the light is
20 or 30 feet down and hnge fish
congregate about it their shadows
are cast upward on the surface of tho
sea, and from tho deck of the ship
the scene is weird indeed. It is a
veritable congress of monsters of the
deep that sometimes gathers about
what to them is a wonderful sight.
An electric lighted submarine home
is something novel even to a tough
Occasionally a man-eater 6hark is
curious enough tp "mon'kej" with
this electric light and tries to swall
ow it. It the electric current sup
plying the light happens to be strong
the curiosity of the meddling shark
is soon satisfied. In fact, the fish is
shqeked by the modern innovation.
It des. The bodies of several such
shocked fish have floated to the sur
face. It has been noted that the effect of
the electric light upon big fish has
been such that as deadly enemies as
thehark and the ' sword fish will
swim up the light side by side,
and bo amazed are they by the wond
erful shining bulb that they appear
to forget the deadly feud existing
betweeu these piscatorial families,
and they do not rush, at each other
in mortal combat. Other fish that
usually fight on sight lie down to
gether, as it were, in this shining
(resenoe, as might a lion and a
"Tlie operation of sounding, or of
fishing, at a depth of tens of thous
ands of feet, requires much skill in
both tlie management of the ship
and of tho sounding apparatus. In
ordinary deep sea sounding a three
eighths inch steel wire is used. The
tension on this wire must be con
stant, else it will kiuk, thus reduc
ing the tensile strength 50 per cent.
Ocean currents complicate deep sea
A surface current is quickly de
tected and guarded against, but
when the rope or sounding line is
swept under the bottom of the ship
hy a submarine enrrent, with, per
haps, thousands of fathoms of line
out, it requires great skill and pati
ence to clear the line without kink
ing, and thereby possibly losing a
portion of it.
When a deep sea sounding is to be
takeu tho siuker is lowered to the
water's edge. A thermometer and
water specimen cup are clamped
onto the lino of wire. An officer
takes his station beside the sounding
machine. Seamen are at hand at
tending to the guide pulleys. A
fireman stands with his hand on the
throttle of tho sounding engine,
awaiting the officer's command. The
record keeper takes his position be
side the register, where he can read
it readily. This register shows the
number of fathoms of lino paid
At the order "Let go!" the sinker
shoots down into the ocean at a
speed of ten to fifteen feet per
second. The record keeper makes
a note of every hundred fathoms of
line paid out". The officer of the
deck maneuvers the ship in a way
that will keep the wire line vertical.
The instant the sinker strikes the
bottom of the sea, miles below the
ship, the sonnding engine is stopped.
The record keeper notes the number
of turns indicated on the register,
and the slack line is hove in by hand
until it cleares the bottom. Then
the sounding engine is reversed and
the line is hauld aboard about as fast
as it was paid ont.
the sorxniNf; tp.
The water specimen cup, or bot
tle, which is let down on the sound
ing line, is an important part of the
equipment of deep sea explorers.
The density of ocean water of dif
ferent depths and in the different
great ocean currents is a matter of
moment to scientists in detcrming
important submarine questions.
To obtain a specimen of water at
a dcDth. say of 18,000 feet, with all
of its free eases, and brine it to the
surface without allowing these gases
to escape or the water to mingle with
other water, was impossible until
the invention of a metal water cup
so arranged that when H aescenas
into the briny deep for several miles
or so tlie resistance oi tne water i ur
ine the descent keens oiwn the
valves of the cup.
When the cup is stopped at tlie
desired depth and is being pulled to
the eurlace tlie resistance oi uic
water sets in motion a small pro
peller arranged on the upper side of
the cup. This propeller forces shut
certain valves of the hollow cup and I
locks them, and thus the water is
secured in what amounts to a her
metically sealed metal bulb, which
holds its contents intact until opened
by the scientist in the laboratory,
either on board the Albatross or al
Washington, whither the water ;
specimens arc sometimes sent fur a I
more elaborate analysis than is. usu-!
ally carried on shipboard.
These water cups are strongly ,
built. They need to be in order to
withstand the great pressure of tlie j
water several miles below the Hur-S
face. This pressure is hundreds of
tons to the square inch. One of the
curiosities on tlie Albatross is a,
heavy glas globe tilled wit 1 1 water.
This hollow glass ball was let down j
to a great depth in the ocean until
the water pressure became so great
that the water was literally forced
through the pores of the glass and
the ball was thus filled.
On account of this water pressure
it is necessary to inclose the mercury
bulbs of tho deep sea thermometer
in a secondary glass case, which is
also filled with mercury, and thus
any possible pressnreon the mercury
bulb which indicates the tempera
ture is takeu up by the secondary or
Without such a protection the
readings of the thermometer would
be very inaccurate, as the pressure
on the temperature bulb would
force tbe mercury beyond the point
to which the temperature of the
water sends it.
F1VK MI IKS I NDKKTHK SE.v.
The statement that there is no
life below an ocean depth of three
miles has been refuted by the exper
ience of the Albatross,
Sometimes, whon deep sea fish,
accustomed to live in the high press
ure found at great depths, find .their
way upward to a depth where tho
pressure is lessened ery materially,
and then endeavcr to return to their
deep homes, they cannot do so, bo
cause their bladders under the
lessened presure become so expanded
that the nsh are unable to overoome
the resistance when endeavoring to
swim downward. Consequently the
fish soon floats to the surface abso
FE0M f HE RATIONAL CAPITAL.
Tkd 8tat.se of Yirglala Dare,
of the its ptoress. O her
Washington I). C, June 1, '95,
Your correspondent called on Miss
Louise Lander, the deservedly fam
ous sculptress to see the statue of
Virginia Dare which the State of N.
C. wishes to purchase. The statue is
in white marble, life size and stands
on a pedestal of colored raarbje in
the bay window of Miss Lander's
suite. of parlors at 1008,, 19th street
this city. She was educated in Sal
em, Mass. her native city and in
Rome where she was the favorite
pupil of Crawford, and the only
woman he ever consented to teach.
Her mother was a cousin of Sir Ben
jamin West and Miss Lander pre
serves in her exquisitely furnisued
parlors some very pleasing specimens
of Mrs. Lander's artistic skill. Miss
Landers has been devoted to art.
Any State will be fortunate to
possess this exquisite statue. Miss
Lander charges 15,000 for it and a
movement is on foot in this city to
purchase it for the few Congress
ional Library. Several years ago,
Opflgess desired to buy it, but
there was a member from Ga. and
another from Ala. who, had never
been outside there respective states
before, Kwho objected to the purchase
because the statue was'nt dressed in
19th Century clothes.
it is well worth the price charged
for it. It was once bought by a
wealthy citizen of N. Y. who paid
Miss Lander $5,000 for it. Ivater,
this New Yorker failed in business
aud when his effects were sold Miss
Lander, not wishing one of her fa
vorite pieces of sculpture to fall into
unappreciated hands repurchased
the statuo herself. The statue is re
markable for it gract, diguity and
beauty, and the workmanship is
exquisite. The position, the symme
try of the frame and limbs, and the
surroundings are all admirableaud in
perfect keeping with the ideas em
bodied. The Anglo-lndjan princess
stands on the sea beach, the waves
rippling at her feot, her hair is
bound with eagles' feathers a fishing
net of English manufacture, whjch
united the civil with the barbaric
life, is carved to the nicest degree of
accuracy, and hastily gathered up,
haugs in graceful folds around her;
a necklace and armlets of wampum
are her sole ornaments' and by fier
side stands her pet bird, one of the
sea beach cranes, (modelled from
nature) fondly sheltering itself un
der the folds of the net.
There was much speculation as to
who will succeed Mr. Greshani. The
State Dept. officials hope it will be
Assistant Secretary TJbl, who was
appointed at tho request of Don
Dickerson, one of the President's
Over a hundred pension clerks in
the Pension Office will he dismissed
at the end of the fiscal year,
The overthrow of the Income Tax
will cause a deficiency of many
millions in the Treasury.
The Presidential party returned
from their sad mission to Chicago
yesterday evening at five o'clock.
There is much speculation as to who
will succeed the late Secretary Gres
hani. Messrs. Bayard and Whitney
are prominently mentioned while
some people think Assistant Secre
tary Uhf, who is a close friend of
Hon. Don Dickinson will be promot
ed to the premiership of this Admin
istration. The President's family will go at
once to Grey Gables, the present hot
wave making their departure to a
cooler climate very desirable. A
hundred people were sun struck
A WILMlNUTOy BANK CASE
Before the U S. Coo it of Appeals at
Richmond, Ya., June 3. The
following business was transacted in
the U. S. Court of Appeals here
A. G. Ricaud, receiver of the First
National bank of Wilmington, N.
C, apellant, vs. Wilmington Sav
ings and Trust Company, Fannie
G. Pollock and R. F. Tyson, ap
pellees. Appeal from Circuit
Court for the Eastern district of
North Carolina. Argued by D.
Russell and George Rountree for ap
pellant, and R. H. Batelle, Augus
tus Prentice, aud Thomas W.
Strange for appellers and submit
ted. C&E for a Silver Convention.
New Orleans, La., June 1. A
call has been issued for a silver con
vention to meet in this city Monday
June 10th and elect delegates to
the Memphis bimetallist convention
of Jnne 12th and lath.
The call is addressed to all those
who favor the use of silver and free
coinage, regardless of politics. Near
ly all the signers are Democrats.
UKNLRI. HAMPTON'S SPEKCH.
At thr I nveljhiK of the Coiife ilerale
Monument in Chicago Whoso Errr
tiou Is Hue Largely lo People of that
'The scene presented here to-dav
is one that could not be witnessed in
any country but our own, and for
this reason, if no other- it possesses
a significance worthy of the gravest j
consideration. A few years ago brave:
men from the North and from the'
South stood facing each oilier in i
hostile array, and the best blood of ;
the country was poured out like;
water on many a battlefield. Thous- j
ands, hundreds of thousands, of our !
bravest sleep in bloody graves; men
who gave their lives to prove the
faith of their convictions, and now
the North andthe South, standing by
these graves wherever they may be,
grasp hands across the bloody
chasm and proudly claim Federal
and Confederate soldiers as Ameri
cans men who have given to the
world as noble examples of cour
age aud devotion to duty as
can be enrolled on the page of
NO ltl V A . 1 N 1 II i: WOIM.D.
"Nor is this all that marks this
occasion as exceptional and remark
able, ami which would render it
memorable in our annals for all
time to come. No monument in
in the world has such an honorable
history as attaches to yonder one.
That marks the graves of no
victorious soldiers, but the followers
of a lost came; it stands not on
Southern soil, but on Northern;
tho men who lest under its shadow
oome from out far off Southland,
and it ow es itts erection, not to the
oomrades of these dead soldiers, but
mainly to the generosity and mag
nanimity of their former foes, the
citizens of this great city.
TltlBt'TK TO C11K A.0.
"All honor then to tho bravo
and liberal men of Chicago who
have shown by their action that
they regard the war as over, and
that they can welcome as friends,
on this solemn and auspicious oc
casion, their former enemies. As
long as this lofty column points to
Heaven; as long as one stone of its
foundation remains, future genera
tions of Americans should look up
on it with pride, not only as an
honor to those who conceived its
construction, but as a sileut though
noble emblem of a restored union
and, a, re-united peopJe-.
In tho name of my comrades
dead and living, and in my own
name, I give grateful thanks to the
brave men of Chicago, who have
done honor to our dead here, not as
Confederate soldiers, but as brave
men who preferred imprisonment
aud death rather than freedom
obtained by a dishonorable sacrifice
of the principles for which they
were willing to die.
THE 0000 1URIKD Tit EKE,
"Of the 6.000 Confederates bur
ied here, not one was an officer;
all were privates, in no way respon
sible for tho unhappy war which
brought an Iliad of woes upon aur
country. And yet these humble
private soldiers, any one of whom
could have gained freedom by tak
ing the oath of allegiance to the
Federal Government, preferred
death to the sacrifice of their princi
ples. Can any possible dishonor
attach to the men of Chicago be
cause they are willing; to recognize
the courage and the devotion to
duty of these dead Confederates!'
Imagine, if you can, my friends, the
despair, the sorrow, of these poor
privates, lingering in prison and
dying for their faith. They died
here, in what they looked upon as
a foreign and hostile land, far from
the land of their birth, with no
tender hand of mother or wife to
soothe their entrauce into the dark
valley of the shadow of death, and
with all the memories of their far
off homos and lo ing kindred to add
the sharpest pangs to death
itself. They were true men, ami
sav, if you please, that they were
mistaken; that I hey were wrong;
no brave man on earth can fail to
honor to do their courage and their
steadfast adhoranco to what they
conceived to bo their dutv. You,
the hrave citizens of Chicago, in
doing honor to their memory, honor
yourselves and humanity. Nor will
you blame us of the South, while
appreciating gratefully your gener
ous action in behalf of our dead
comrades, for cherishing with pride
and reverence their memory. You
could not respect us were we to feel
otherwise. Death places its seal on
the actions of men, and it is after
death that we "measure men."
"Are any Federal soldiers disloyal
to the flag under which they fought
because they join in decorating the
graves of brave men whom they met
in battle? Thousands of Federal
soldiers rest under Southern skies
in Southern graves, many in un
known graves. And when on our
Memorial day in the South the
graves of our dead are decorated,
gray-headed Confederate veterans
and noble, devoted women strew
flowers over the graves of Federal
soldiers. If the humane, generous
action of the people of this city, in
doing honor to the memory of their
old antagonists, is denounced as
desecration, it would seem to follow
that the decoration of Federal graves
by "rebel" hands, should be open to
the same criticism; but no denuncia
tion of Southern people for daring
to honor the memory of men who
were once their enemies lias met my
eyes. Such narrow and bigoted
feelings as would prompt a discord
ant note on occasions of this sort are
rarely found among true men aud
brave soldiers, a d I have often
thought that if the two great cap
tains who were engaged in that
death grapple in Virginia had been
left to settle the terms of peace,
each supported by his faithful fol
lowers, the country would have had
a peace indeed, one honorable alike
to victors and vanquished, and
which would have prevented the
evils brought about by the politic
ians. "As it is, the South recognizes
and houors the magnanimity of Gen.
Grant towards our great chief, tien.
Lee, and deplores as an unmitigated
misfortune the assassination of Lin- J
coin. I repeat emphatically that
the untimely death of President Lin
coln was regarded bj all thoughtful
men of the South as one of the most
serious evils which had befallen our
section, and I venture to say that
my Southern associates here present
will sustain my assertion.
"Every Southern man felt that a
call made upon him by his State was
an imperative command, arid that
his duty was to obey without hesita
tion and at all hazards. When the
North called on its citizens to rally
to the old flag, they responded to
the summons from a sense of dutv.
as .lid ihe people of the South to the
call made on ih.-m. Kta!" aliegiam e
and Satc pride in each rasr was the
mo.iir; cause which arrayed mil
lions of men in arms in thiseountrv,
and while the war that brousrht
them out caused untold miserv to
the country, it has taught
to the nations
if the earth that
can defy the world,
me, too, that it
another lesson to
America in arms
""It seems to
us, and that is, that the lime has
come when the actors in that fear
ful, fratricidal strife, and those
whom they represent, should judge
their former opponents as they
should themselves be judged. This
can be done without the sacrifice of
principle on cither side, as the
example of our mother country has
shown us. York and Lam-aster,
cavalier and roundhead, no longer
war on each other; all are English
men, proud of their country, ami
the red rose and the white are em
blems of peace and of tne glory of
old England, ('an we not all be
proud of the prowess of the Ameri
THEY DIED AT THEIR I'OSIV.
Heroic Conduct or Ofllcers of t lie Col-
iina-'l lie Captain Coves Three Blasts
from H-r Wliislle as a Farewell as
She (Joes down More Passengers
San Kit an i si o, June 1. The
Examiner publishes tins morning
t he following from its correspond
ent at Mazat Ian :
'The steamer San Juan has arived
here with twenty-one passengers
picked up on Tuesday from the
wreck of the steamer Colima. From
the passengers your correspondent
has learned of the particulars of the
dreadful disaster, which they sav
happened on Monday at noon, when
the Colima was about forty-eight
miles out of Manzanillo and ten off
All the rescued are badly bruised.
They were all picked up from pieces
of wreckage and rafts, with the ex
ception of A. J. Sutherland, who
had (dung to a boat after it had
capsized five times and drowned all
the others who attempted to escape
from the wreck in her. All were
alloat lashed by the fiercest gale of
years and buffeted by the angry seas
for about twenty-four hours.
"The passengers were pretty badly
stunned being pitched about, but
rushed up on the deck in a panic.
Here they met another danger. The
gale tore parts of the deck load of
lumber from its fastenings aud
whirled the heavy planks about with
appalling violence. Many were
struck and maimed. At least one
passenger was killed by having his
head crushed by flying timbers. The
survivors say that the officers of the
steamer were brave and active in
"Capt. Taylor . stood upon tho
bridge with Chief Officer Griffiths.
At an order Griffiths ran forward to
superintend the launching of life
boat No. while Second Officer
Lauglwrn was in charge of boat No.
3. Tho latter was successfully
launched and filled with passengers.
Then the ship went down aud Lin
ghorn's boat was capsized. All in
both boats arc supposed to have per
ished. "Capt. Taylor went down with
the vessel, and as the vessel sank he
blew three blasts of the whistle as a
good-bye signal. The engineers
and firemen went down at their posts.
Night Clerk Berry was in his room
and went down with the vessel.
Third officer Hanson was among
the saved, lie sprang from the ship
as it went down and succeeded in
reaching a piece of wreckage. There
he clung for twenty-four hours,
washed and buffeted by the wavos.
He saw men and women sink about
him and was powerless to render
aid. He saw naked and mangled
bodiss lloating by, aud tho horror
of it made him sick, Hanson says
that as the steamer foundered her
boilers burst. "
YELLOW FEVER AT UVLTIM0RE.
On a Vessel From Cuba So Rumors
State The Story as is Told.
Baltimore, Juno, ') The World
this afternoon prints a sensational
story of tho arrival of a steamship
with vellow fever aboard, and an
apparent lack of igilanec on the
part of Government and State quar
The British Steamship Earnwell,
Captain Rogers, from Colon via
Santiago, arrived at city quarantine
Saturday. The story, according to
ouo of the seamen on the steamer, is
John Dooley, a seamen, was taken
sick while the vessel was at San
tiago. He became worse, and was
in his bunk during the whole voy
age. While the vessel was coming
up the bay, Saturday, two other
seamen were attacked and took to
their beds. Late in tho afternoon
Capt. Kosrers ordered the men to
dress and go on deck. The quar
antine officers boarded tho vessel
Saturday and a gave a clean bill
of health. The steamer proceeded
to her berth, and was docked yes
terday. Dooley came ashore and
went to a sailors' boarding house
whore he died this evening with
every symptom of yellow fever, in
cluding the dreaded black vomit.
The other two invalids applied to
the British consuls this morning for
admission to a hospital. They were
refused aa order from the official
and were ordered out of the office.
They are now probably wandering
about the citv.
A coroner's inquest will be held
to night in the Dooley case and
health officers are busy looking for
the two missing seamen. Dooley
was a native of Ireland, but ship
ped at Philadelphia a few months
A later dispatch says: Considera
ble excitement was caused there by
a report that Jno. Dooley, a seaman
of the British steamship Earnwell,
which arrived from Santiago yes
terday, had died at his boarding
house today from yellow fever.
It was also said the two other sea
men suffering with the disease had
been discharged from the vessel
and were prowling about the city
seeking admission to a hospital.
Dooley arrived at a sailor's boarding
house'at 1C18 Thames street yester
day afternoon. He was found dead
in his room this morning. Coroner
Cockrell ordered a pout mortem,
and it was proven this afternoon
that the man had died of Bright's
disease. The report that two
other seamen were suffering with
yellow fever is believed to be un
founded. Buckingham's De for the Whiskers
is the best, handiest, safest, surest, clean
est, most economical nnd satisfactory dye
ever invented. It is the gentlemen's favorite.
GUEEN MANURING DISCDSSED
Addicts hy Dr. John W.Sander
Delhertd at the Ljt
True Understanding: of 1 he Subject
Causes of Failure and Explanation
1 he Way to Make it a Success The
Independence it Gives of all Olht-r
Methods of Enriching Land.
Considering the age of this sy.-tem
of manuring, its great value and
comparative inexpensh eiiess, it is a
subject of wonder that it has not
long ago been adopted universally
by the farmers of every country.
WHY NOT OKNEItAl.l.V 1'K A ' 1 K I ! I !'
With tin- contrary facts before us.
the question involuntarily presents
itself to the mind. Why has green
manuring made such slow progress
in the past, and why is it today,
even under the stemulons of the
great advances made in agricultural
chemistry, and the impetus of urrcs
siti, I might add, so little employed
bv the farmers of our country.-'
I am aware that the destitute in
formation on this subject from a
lack of reading: tho prevailing igno
rance of agricultural chemistry
timong the farming classes, ami the
great disinclination to leave oft" old
methods for new ones, sill have their
weight and influence with the far
mers of every community, but T
believe that much of tho slow prog
ress green manuring has made has
been largely due to the vague and
indefiinite writings of agricul
I know from sad experience how
often 1 was puzzled in my early
farm-lifo to unravel the writings of
those whom I assayed to follow on
this line, and how often I was
doomed to worso than disappoint
ment in following the positive as
sertions of those claiming exper
perience and knowledge on the sub
ject. So unsatisfactory has been the
result of book-farming in the post
that it has become almost a syno
nym of failure among the farming
laity. All can not be chemists, and
for this reason agricultural writers
should not take for granted the
existence of universal information
on a subject in which every degree
of intelligence is engaged, and omit
WHAT IS (IRKHK MANUKINO?
Suppose every farmer in Nort:.
Carolina was setting before us this
evening and was asked this question,
how many correct answers do you
suppose would be given? Yet upon
their definition and ideas of this
system dejiends their success or fail
ore, their adoption or rejec'ion of
the system. Fraught with the high
est interest to the farmer, its entire
ty with all its details should be so
plain that ho that runneth might
I have no doubt that the sad re
sults of improper trials of green
manuring have driven thousands
from its employment who might
otherwise to-day have found in
the system the happiest innnovation
on tho old laborious and expensive
I M I'ROI'EK TRIALS.
A farmer from a neighboring
county came to see me a few months
ago, and in the course of conversa
tion I called np green manuring and
asked him if he had ever tried it,
and if so what crop he used and at
what stage of maturity he turned it
under. He answered that he had
tried cow peas and turned them un
der when in bloom. Pausing here,
I announced the result, and told
him that this experiment had not
favorably impressed him with green
manuring. He confessed that it
had not and that he had not tried it
since. His failure was due not to
any fault of the system, but to an
Not long ago I was visiting a very
prosperous farmer in Onslow county
and to my interrogation on the sub
ject of green manuring he replied
that he had tried it once in tho way
of turning under crab grass that was
grovviDg waist high on land that had
been in oats that year. In the cen
ter of this field he turned under one
acre of the grass. He assured me
that the damage to this acre was
fully 2." per cent in the crop yield
of next year. That farmer is not a
votary of green manuring, yet to
have succeeded with the test he
made would have required the abro
gation of the chemical laws of nature
-a miracle. Thus I might give the
names of scores of farmers who have
been driven from the employment
of a most valuable system of profita
ble manuring by a misconception of
its true character and the sad results
of improper trials.
THE TRIE DEFINITION.
If I was asked to give a true defi
nition of green manuring and the
essential law3 that govern its suc
cessful employment, I would answer,
1st. The usage of one crop to ma
nure another. 2d. Never turn
under any crop except at or near
maturity." 3d. Never turn under
any crop unless followed immediate
ly by some other crop.
EXPLANATION OF FAILURES.
Why did the farmer wdio turned
under his pea crop in its bloom get
negative results ? Because in every
1000 pounds of vines he turned in
over !)00 pounds of water to sour
and damage the physical condition
of his soil Why did the farmer
who plowed under his crab grass
turn away from green manuring as
a failure and humbug? Because he
turned under in midsummer, in the
1st place, a crop of inferior manur
ial value, -.id, he failed to follw it
immediately with another crop. In
the 3d place he exposed the naked
soil to the scorching rays of the sun
to burn out and waste its organic
elements, and lastly he prepared his
land in a favorable condition for the
exhaustive leeching of its nitrogen by
the fall and winter rains.
now to hk si ccessu'l.
Then to be successful with this
system of green manuring we must
fix in in our minds the two invaria
ble truths connected with the axioms
of green manuring. I might say,
which are these. 1st. No green
crop should be turned under except
at or near maturity, and 2d, no
green crep should be turned under
at all unless immediately followed by
another green crop. These two
truths fixed in our minds then more
than half of our lesson has been
learned, and we will here enter the
pale of successful experimentalism
in this line.
CHOI'S SUITED FOR GREEN MANURING
The next most important thing to
know in connection with this system
is the kind of crops to grow. My
favorites are rye and cow pea the
the pea.- a
ha i". e-'. ci .
1 1 : I l: I e
crop t hat
mil I'V", an
g row on
1 Vellollsl v
u poii t he free nit roge
is richer in ail t l.c eie
food than the cow pe:
equal in manurial a!
stable manure, ton fo
11 ishes to the pea i 1 '
ti imcr. a mi M halo
of t he air or
ent of plant
The vy is
to the be.-t
toii, and fur
when t M rued
e t WO. when
ii nei j i nil led as
lands ;uid eiiii' l
i t .
. : Ii in
1 lie rye
t hroiigh t b
to the in id i
t u rued
11 U i ! e
1 i pel
ids of COW
', and turn
her. In on
;ular it is i
or to sow
S till.' lil'Id.
l he heighth
and donsoiiess of tin
rendering if impossibh
to sow t hem regular 1 n
good turn p
to each end
e sown, take a
single tree the
ends of a chain heavy enough to
bear tlie rye down flat on the
I ground long enogh for M- mennc
1 ' . , i i i e . i
drag to about inches am-ao oi i ne
plow point, turn under the rye and
peas about 4 inches deep'. ihis
can bo done by going round aud
round the entire plat, or the
plowman can, if he prefers, divide
the land into convenient beds. If
prooerlv done not a vestige ol the
rye will be seen and in I
the peas will ) up and
or " days
Feeding upon tin
of decaying rye below
largely noon the fi
e nitrogen of
til-above, the peas will make rapiu
aud luxuriant growth, and cover
tho land from ! to '! feet deep in
vinos. and yield from a to '.lb
bushels of shelled peas pCr acre
depending upon the kind of land
'flie peas may by picked and the
vines turned under to manure a
croj) of oats, rye or wheat and when
these are harvested the following
spring, peas should follow upon
their stubble to maintain the fer
tility of tho land, and furnish
another manuricd crop. If no crop
is to follow, then let tho vines
rot upon the land undisturbed,
for with an estimated loss of 2- Jds
of their nitrogen, still each ton will
leave 20 lbs, nitrogen incorporated
and fixed in a mass of humus that
is of incalculable value to the phy
sical condition of the land, and
add to its fertility fully '!' per
But it is best to follow the pea
crop with criminson clover, which
will not only prevent, to a largo
extont,tho leeching, of the land by
the winter rains, but draw from the
atmosphere and store up in the
soil nitrogen for the spring crops.
ii a ri n, com I'I.ktk, econom m 'a l.
Now in conclusion I will say that
there is no system comparable with
green manuring as a rapid and
economical means of renovating
poor lands and enriching the good.
It is pre-eminently the poor man's
friend. It renders him imdepend
cnt to stock to manure his land
independent to commercial guanos
and affords him a rapid a
pensive means of improving
lands and increasing his crops.
NO NEED TO HAVE 1'OOU LAND.
No famer is excusable for having
poor land under this system, and
lie who allows one half of his land
to lie idlo to grow tip in woods and
briars, when by this system he
might add 25 per cent to it fertility
rid his land of insects, and save the
hard work and expense of the
usual shrubbing, raking and burning
holds next to him the shorter arm
of the lever of success. In this age
of aggression, when the war of com
petition is waged with relentless
force, tho vocation which fails to
act with consummate generalship
and essays to roach the goal by the
most practical and economical
methods will bring its votaries to-
the feet and servitude of wiser and
better managed callings.
GET OUT OF (H.li RUTS.
The farmer can not thrive plod
ding in the old ruts. The growing
inferiority of labor the increasing
poverty of his soil, the constant
lowering of prices of all farm pro
ducts will force him into other and
more progressive methods and none
are so important to him as a system
of rapid and in expensive storage of
plant food in the soil. None other
offers such promising hopes of
of lifting hint from tho drudgery
and proverty of present farm life
into a condition of comparative
ease and arnuenoe. And there is no
system of rapid and inexpensive
storage of plant food in the soil
within his reach, that is at all com
parable to an intelligent system of
Ocean, N. C.
Knights of Iho Mecca bees.
The Stale Coniinmalur suites us fiom
Lincoln, Ne!, a loilows: 'Alter trying
other medicines for what seemed to be a
vtrv ol-stinate cough in our two cliiloren
we tried Dr. King's New Discovery and
at the end of two days the rouh entirely
left them. We will' not b.- without it
liL'ienftir, nso;ir experience proves tli.it it
runs where a'l other reiaeiles fad.
Si mied F. V. Steven-. Stale Com. H hy
not give this great medicine a irial. :o it
is gu:irllh"d and 1 1 ii I hotUe- ill.1 'roe nt
F. S. Dullv's Drug Store. Kegular -ii'.e
"0c. and 1.00.
F0II FREE COIXAdE.
Resolutions Aloited by Citizens of
Jai kson vi i.i.k, Fla., Mav-'M. A
large number of citizens met at the
Board of Trade rooms this after
noon and formed a Bi-metallic Lea
gue. Dr. G. Troup Maxwell was
chosen president, and W. 11. Kddy,
secretary. A committee was unpoint
ed push tho work.
Resolutions were adopted denoun
cing the demonetizing of silver as a
crime committed by Congress at the
instigation of creditors. The resolu
tions also demand the free coinage
of silver at the ratio of Bi to 1, inde
pendent of other nations, and the
restoration of its full legal tender
Health and happiness are relative con- j
ditions; at any rate, there -an be little j
happiness without health, lo give the
body its full incusme of strength and
tucrgv, the blood should be kept pure
and vigorous, by tlie use of Ayer's Sitrsa-parilla.
rye to mamm.
to manure tic
w M v I
There is no
looror land 1 1
no crop that f
1,000,000 RALES EGYPT COTTON
I lie Above Kstiinal l'.accd on a 1'lanl
of 1.0 7.t,UHj Acres HiipmciiN fo
V -II I no'I o . Juno J. ('nnsul
o neral 1 Vntiel, I . at I 'ai ro, has made
a report to the Mate I )ep,n t men t on
the prospective cotton crop of Kgvpt
for the present year, which demon- j
st rates that the Nile country is be
ing a serious competitor in the slap- '
Ic. Tho Khedival Covernmeut ha-;
ing no system for collecting crop
statistics, the American Con.-ul
ieneral has employed represent a
tivt s who have carefully can vassed
the cotton-growing section and their
report.-, warrant the Statement I hat
tlcre is no great decrease of acreage j
over last year. A conservative esti-;
mate places the present area :t
1 ,o;r.0oo acres, which a possible j
crop under favoring conditions of j
I .o",ii,0oo bales, American stand
Planters find an incentive in cur
rent prices to extend the cotton
territory, but the extension in lS'.il
was so grea1. as to about reach the '
limit of possibility, until irrigation i
can have a fresh impulse, Shipments
of Egyptian long stapled col ton to i
the I'nited States continue to in-'
crease, and for tho commercial year
ls'.il-'.Ci will amount to 4,."0o bales ,
of ;.")U pounds each, the equivalent (
of about Tl,".'")0 bales of American
standard. The shipment ten years
ago was less than 4,000 bales
WILL FIHHT IS TEXAS.
The Match Bctwion Corbett and F.lz
Simmons lo '1'nke 1'iuce in Dallas,
Texag o Law Aaiust it Ihere
841,000 Furse at 8tate.
The X. V. Herald of Sunday
says: "There is now little doubt
that the much talked of and long
delayed battle between James .1.
Corbett and Robert Fit.simmons
will take place in Dallas, Texas, in
the Fall. 'Dan' Stewart, the repres
entative of the syndicate of Texans
w ho have put up the money to bring
olT the match, arrived in this city
yesterday, and showed me certified
checks to the amount of 4I.0m
the size of the purse for which
l'it.simmons and Corbett are to
fight. This money Mr. Stewart is
prepared to post with the stakehold
er, at a moment's notice, as a guar
antee that the great pugilistic event
will be decided in the Lone Star
State, and that every contract made
by him will be faithfully carried out.
If the syndicate fails to bring the
contest to a successfull conclusion it
is willing to lose all.
NO LAW TO PREVENT.
According to Mr. Stewart, there
is no law in the State of Texas that
will in any way prevent a meeting
betweeu Corbett and "Fitz'' there.
The law touching on boxing contests
is purely and simply the payment of
an occupation tax. Air. Stewart
told me, aud this he has paid. The
amount was $-",0o0.
TO FIGHT IN OCTOIIEU,
'"The contest will be scheduled
for decision in the second or fourth
week in October. The exact date
and other details we will leave to
Mr. Vendig, of the Florida Athletic
Club, under whose auspices the
match will take place. The fair will
be in progress during the time the
battle takes place, and I think we
will be able to show visitors that
Dallas is an up to date and inter
esting place. Tlie building in which
tho contest will be held is one of the
largest in the country and can seat
comfortably ten thousand people."
THE TORIUD WEATHER.
Feai-rul Effects Noith aud West Deaths
aixl Prostrations AH Hot RtcinD of
this Season of the Tear Passed.
Chicago, June 3. From 80 to
9" degrees in the shade of the Audi
torium tower was the range of the
temperature in this city. From 7 a.
m. the mercury began to rise steadi
ly until tne maximum was readied
at '. p. m. This was the hottest
day of the year and the fatalities
were the most numerous. Four
deaths and several serious prostra
tions were recorded by the police
before night came to cool the at
mosphere a little.
Never before at this season of the
year in Chicago has there been such
continuous and excessive hot weath
er. The spell passed its first week
tonight and although the conditions
are favorable for a change, tho Pro
fessor bodges his opinions with
several "if's. "' lie is only sure of
one thing that when this heat does
come to an end there will be plenty
of rain, thunder and lightning as a
Lot isville, Ky., June 3. Tne
weather was intensely hot today.
The thermometer at the weather
bureau at '2 o'clock registered loo
in the shade. Several person s were
overcome but no deaths were ro
St. Lotis, June '). All hot
weather records for the first week
in Juno in this city were passed
today. At 2 o'clock tho 100 mark
was reached. At 3 p. m. the strling
air drove people from the streets
when a brisk shower set in and
cooled the air. Two quarrymcn in
the suburbs and two laborers in
Fast St. Louis were prostrated.
B. i.timork, June 3. The terri
ble heat continues to hold the city
in its embrace. It has become an
appalling thing, causing deaths and
prostrations in considerable num
bers. Tonight there is a prospect
for cooler weather and the temper. i
turo has fallen off a few points. At
o'clock this afternoon the otlicial
thermometer registerrd !7, the
highest point tho thermometer
Washington, June 3 Tho in
tense heat experienced here for the
past few days did not abate today
and the suffering from this cause is
increased. Only one death, duo
solely to the heat boat, occurred
today, John Allen, a negro coal
New York, June 3 During (he
fifteen hours between midnight and
3.. 'jo o'clock this evening, when the
temperature reached its heigh',
there wore twelve deaths reported,
all traceable to the heat. Besides
these many persons were prostrated
in the the streets.
VIGOR of MEN
Easily, Quickly, Permanently Restored.
Debility, and all Iht train
or evils Irom early errors or
r later excesses, tne results or
orerwork, sickness, worry.
etc. Full strengrtb, devel
opment and tone Klven to
every onran ana portion
of tbe body. Simple, nat
tirn.1 metboda. Immedi-
lla Mvi Ale improvement seen.
Fnllnro Imnmwfhli. 000 references. Book.
explanation and proofs mailed (sealed) free.
ERIE MEOIOAL GO., Buffalo, N.Y.
Kc I iiims
0 lii-r I Ii in h.
wen lots .f - I or
A mong t hem were
1 1 enrii 1 1 a
.. M i s -
1 1 rid la is one
r ladies) and
w h 1 1 i-1 1 e
I lelil iet la.
N II I hev. '.
James ( '. 1
g gents here sighed so
might have heard them
left . ( '.line again M iss
Me.-r-. ,. Tilley, J.
1 .' ic -c ! and some ot hers
-oiuille and Mr.
ii i. ir of ilmiiiglon. N.
came ni on a
visit and for
an 1 1 1 ,
g Mrs. I). J.
has. with h r
sick but are
i g 1 1 1
Mr. Thomas Williams of Wil
mington. .V ('., c. unc iii hist Satur
day night lo visit his mother, the
wife of Mr. Dan II. fi'us.soll.
Lust Saturday. June 1st, was a
hot dav. Tne thermometer ntood
'..' in tie- y.l. ber.- and !''-t in the
iii.il n t r a'. i i . ; i ,i i" .ib.nl i . in i les
The 1 e a I e I 1 c : ; t . . ! f,.-,. ' i. I I 1 1
ol . (
lull les hist Week ,
some vn hi rge
I h- .-ac'i. TlH-y
at .: els for t h
. I he piarter
' size, chili. s
ets line do...
do. . croakers
V oa .M Ic do..,
I .lie,'. U..lt ll
:i')C per bushel, mill
spots and hog fish ) Oi
oa He do... Soft crab
I... k o i -'.en c i a i'-
rot I lie! 0' I
av- -e .
t he eh in i
. only one nr
i . but we c.al I it
here iii years, as
I eei Mill I iat inliii.
t he greatest
re r, al
Bros. I). in. Hied,
tor and Joseph
our beloved p.'lS
Di"!l. of Julie--
con n t v pica
sm li powerful ser
we couldn't stand
because wo were
showed our wrong,
said was a oo.npleto
mons to us that
wrong and were
The result as we
reeoneiliat ion all a
we feel bet ter; than
nnd and now
i to Kro. Uicd
and the good Lord.
Uev. I. N. I lenders
two sermons during t In
also preached here la-t
5 o'clock p. in.
Next Sabbath Rev.
J. S. Fine will
preach here D. V.
Our two Sunday scho'
Mr. Hartley will soon move in his
new dwelling on the corner. Mess.
Olive and Kogers arc pushing it to a
Schrs. John U. 1' Moore, Oapt.
Joe S-ibiston and Robert I1'. I'mlum,
Capt. Mart. Jones, cleared this port
last and this week with lumber for
Baltimore. One from Capt. Terry h
mill at Stella, the other from tho
Swansboro Lumber Co. here, Pret
ty man & Palmer, proprietors.
Hro. D m Reid got a severe poind
ing the day he left- here. We
helped to pound him with a fine lot
of hook and line fish, which tho
brother helped us to catch ; and by
the way l.rother Koid is an excellent
angler as well as a preacher. Bro.
Koid went ou his way rejoicing that
ho had accomplished ho much in
Swansboro, promising to eorne again
at I o'clock ji in. on the 3rd Sun
day in June. inst.. providences per
mitting: then he will baptize all
applicants for baptism, children and
all that desire his services in that
lilicl up en a Fi)ing Trip Uy a J r.
The people have begun to dig
their Irish potatoes.
Miss Fannie (icrock returned
from Jacksonsillo Tuesday where
she has been attending school.
Miss Henrietta Jarman spent
Monday in Maysville.
Mr. J. II. llerritage, of New
l'ernc was down on a business trip
Mr. 1'. 11. Jovner. the former
agent of the "W.'.V N. It. Ii. at
Maysville has been removed to I'ol
looksville, and Mr. W. (J. Womble,
of Poll jeksvi I le has tako:i his place.
Maysville is a beautiful little
station on the W. Wit N. R. R., 21
miles from New Borne. It has
about tifiy inh ibitanfs, three stores,
one saw mill, one missionary Bap
tist church, and a whiskey distillery
has just started. The farming lands
in and around Maysville are erv
Mr. Bon Farnell, who lives near
there met with the sad loss of his
little girl Monday night.
A prominent i-I'-'Iviki'i cf Mississippi re-
COinm, Ill's -(lelii'C .Me.lienl I Use IVITV " to
nut ni u-'t In a n i; i i.i v i i-yy ()(: Tliu " Dis
fliwh lion reilii''
tbe strength and solid
clow a liedlthy standard.
DYSPEPSIA AND GENERAL DtBILIT,.
Rev. A. II. Mkvs, of Filar; Pi.itil. CiHihnna
" H;i IriK i.Tirfereii for
iiiiiiiImi of yonrs with
il-pepHift, toi-pM Uvrr
mui jrewr-al licliliitp,
mill buvlnjr tried sever
nl phyHlciiins with HUle
or no benelit, 1 resolv
ed, us a lust retort, to
eonpult vntir RpprlnHtta
ni I he Woi IiPh PiHern-
l f Kurv. Ileinjr qiIi-Ir,.
Ml lliein to urn- Ilr. I'loi
r K tiolilnn M.illcni
Jj V every. I did so.
niter iiBltia: srverul txit-
ff I'ntltvlv n
II. MM S. 1 ., Un ri-wi -1 ........
In ri'eotmnenilln your mixilclrieB to FulTeriuff
Wlioliile Mirlit Country I'rofliM.
1 1 l "
Kield pe.s. $l.."ii
Jffse. Slie. n !MI. .
Hide- - I i v 11 . ii t
p r ,.:
asli it i M I
try o i
."i ; en-ell 1' . ' I ei I lie
I.rllil'.s f 1 .HO ,$! (.0.
( Mil Sliei p - uii-lic.ni
slie.nv h ifl.Oilairl T.r.
lY;inin-. 1.0 a 7.'. .
Sheep, if I o !a$! o I.
Tui-ry , l IT. a 41.7.
1 tl.'.O n f .' on.
I h i vr .1 u-t 1 ,'n i -i d
KMiUiKI) I. AWNS mid
I a! o e.,riy i !u'l In e
i nice line of
DIM ITI KN.
lllld -ell them i r i he p.
A line ice' ol I . 1 1 it -OXI'OliDS;
d o .1 l'1'.l Illll
l 'In ilien's
Tan and 1 liacl. S!n e-.
A Ii le b. e of r, ,! :. win I I
and KI'SSK I" .-ln.es.
-TO THE MKN
W'e have .1 u-t lUveivr.l a sample of
SliMMKIi COATS nnd V KS i S. Tln-y
will lc ih-i"SC'l o' at u.ir. it llaii'iis
We love a liill line of ever) thin'.: ill
J. J. BAIfES,
New Berne Weekly Journal (New Bern, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
June 6, 1895, edition 1
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