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0 / 75
NEW BERN, NORTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 190C
PAGES 1 TO 4.
1BS3 JANE ADDAMS THE PATRON
SAINT OF A MOST REMARK
ABLE INSTITUTION. .
Ball Calne Has. Said that It la the
Moat Complete Social Settlement
In toe World-founder a Wonderful
Woman. . , ' - --. .
The name of Jane Addams is known
to-day from one end of thla Vast coun
try to another, and Included In that
space are thousands of men, women and
children who regard her almost In the
light of a patron saint
Miss Addams Is the founder and
present chief moving spirit of Hull
House, Chicago, the greatest social set
tlement ever known in this country.
Hull House la not really one house
but a series of buildings which have
grown up around one big dwelling
which years ago was given over to
Miss Addams for the accommodation
of the city's working people. The set
tlement includes a museum, theatre, a
restaurant and various other buildings
which are for the sole use of people to
whom life's Joys are overbalanced by
cares and sorrows. -
Hall Caine, the famous author, has
aid that Hull House is the most com-
ATTAINS TO FAME.-
see the big ide of life rather than the
one to which their eyes might other
wise often turn. ,
She Is always to be found by the AN OBSCURE NE W YORK LA WtEJt
lowliest ready to listen to an appeal
lor help, ready to give each and every
one her strength and support and as
ready to see and help a stranger as
the oldest habitue of the settlement
Jane Addams occupies a peculiar po
sition in the 'public eye. She has no
religious creed or, if she has, she does
not thrust it on her people. All sorts
of doctrines are preached In Hull
House but Miss Addams permits this
through the fact that her generosity
of spirit is big enough to allow every
one his own opinion, bhe is regarded
with the highest esteem by officials of
the city and is frequently asked to ad
dress large meetings. When-she does
this she- is listened to with strict at
RISES TO POWERFUL AND
Bettering With GMProblngs,Cbarles
tu Hughes Develops. hi to uonunac
tag Factor In Great Insurance Investigations.
In the history of the stage It has
happened more than once that an act
or, not thought to be a star, but with
sound qualities and training has ac
cepted a part rejected by others, and
by careful study and interpretation
made it the most interesting portion ol
the play, and achieved distinction as
the reward of his labors. And now,
he will be nearly two years younger
than Lincoln was at his first inaugural
He will undoubtedly write a deal of
history. That he will again hold office
is not quite so certain,-but it is ex
ceedingly probable. The United States
Senate would offer an attractive field,
and that slow and dignified body, would
doubtless see some times.
be'ore the country to-day, there Is aa
instance Koine to show that fortune
Miss Addams is a brilliant example U?' such fidelity, is not confined to the
of a woman wno. navine au in lire i
has not permitted herself to be satis
fied with her lot while outers nave flut
tered. She has devoted time, money
and all the energy in her big self to
the uplifting of the lowly, to the spirit
ual welfare of the poor when that
could be done through kindness alone
and to the bodily comfort and enjoy
ment of these people by giving them
every means within her power to for-
plete social settlement in the world
and if this be so it is a fitting monu
ment to the generous heart, sterling
character and unbounded sympathy of
1U founder. Miss Jane Addams. . .
- Miss Addams is now forty-five years
old. She was bora in .edarville, 111.
After graduating at a well known col
lege she followed the example of her
other young women friends and lived
a life of ease and pleasure. She spent
her time mostly In reading and travel
and gradually the thought came to her
that she was absolutely without a pur
dom In life. She saw the poor around
her, got to know their cares and wor
ries and cast about for a means by
which aha could do them some good,
She decided to become a physician and
took a year's course In a Philadelphia
college. At the end of that time she
was compelled to rest and so went
abroad to study social conditions. The
result of her observations was her re
turn to America and the immediate es
tablishment of a social settlement in
Hull House is situated right In the
heart of Chicago's poor, in Halstead
street - It came to Miss Addams
through Miss Helen Culver, a niece of
Its builder and the man for whom the
settlement is sow named. It had been
hnilt bv it owner years ago for his
own home and in the belief that the
city would grow that way. it aid grow
that war and became one of the most
congested sections of Chicago but was
peopled by all nations and of a class
' of humanity unused to the fine usages
of life, unused to social restrictions
and wholly without the pale of refined
society When Miss Culver learned
that Miss Addams Intended foun'ng
a social settlement sne gave ner nuu
House. From the spacious mansion
which was once to have been a rich
mcsn'a Tinm the settlement has extend-
ma intn & block of buildings and here
is the genuinely happy home of Chi
One of the adjuncts of the settlement
is the Jane Club, an organization of
self supporting young women who are
Dunking an enort to live up to tne meai
c. r-l thera in the personality of their
bmit uAor. The club Is directly un
der the supervision of Miss Addams
and every employe of the bouse, and
In f xt every one of the settlement is
re-.ofi8lble personally to her.
V s Ad.lams believes in the people,
trti: s Vn end looks to them for the
pre r disposition of their duties and
t. r l!vea and la this way site has
cor nearer their hearts, nearer their
t::..I;accs and nearer making them
PATBON SAINT" OF HULL HOUSt
get, when It is possible, that they are
poor, uneducated and socially lacking
according to k tbe standards or
world. , - " '- ' -.;
"Napoleon, going about like a raging Urn
SMslUg waoo BV miguc UVTVW.
ci rvinan rwwle considers Napo-
Icon as perhaps the mostwondert ul I "I think you'll find that this party here
man wno ever uvea. is traveling with a tnird-ciass ucsw
snat imiei nun must wj i vim - Tavaatirarinn nrovea mm
... . . , A . UU U11U. .
tack of finality in ms cnaracier. to , and tne lndignant Britisher
When one decides mat ne is a com- trinmnhantlv ejected. A spec-
plete villain, ho reads of some nopie utor of Ilttle asked the
trait a1 then loses his adnuration . , how he knew about that
In some act of incredible meanness. tlcket welL" explained the toper
But here was a you..; man, oi t urbaWe stranger, "the corner was
thirty years, with no jw. sticking out of his pocket and I saw
lagBa, verj uu tT I it was the same cowr as mine.
THIliliy nuvijrir BUUICU, vuu;iau .
room in company with Kings, each
and every one Jealous of any atten
tions shown by him to any one of
Ha mmt have had some private
charm, for his intimate friends loved
and worshipped him, and withal be
was tbe most amazing and talented
liar that ever lived, and one who told
tbe truth only to himself.
A y r or so ago the New York leg
islature ordered an Inquiry into the
methods of the gas companies of
Greater New York, and the committee
appointed for the work bad some trou
ble in its searcn ior a tegai aavuer ana
examiner of witnesses. The task, for
some reason, did not appeal to the
prominent members of the bar Who
we.- approacnea, ana we cnoice nn
ally fell on a man comparatively un
known. He had' to be introduced to
the public outside of legal circles. But
he developed at once into a man oi
striking force, and performed his dut
ies so well he earned tne applause oi
the whole State.
When the legislative inquiry into the
New York insurance irregularities was
ordered the committee decided upon
legal counsel, and again difficulty was
encountered in securing it The man
who had so satisfactorily served the
ga& committee was traveling in Eu
rope, and at the moment could not be
reached with an offer. The offer went
begging for a few days, until at last
a Brooklyn lawyer accepted. Upon his
suggestion, however, the man abroad,
who was really desired, was cabled on
the subject and engaged to assist In
the work. After tbe work began this
assistant virtually became the lend
ing counsel, and conducted the inves
tigation, which was of national inter
est in a way to merit and receive
national applause. He has become one
of the most conspicuous figures oi to
Man of the Hour
And so Mr. Charles B. Hughes Is the
subject of no little speculation. Tne
obscure New York lawyer of the other
day m a nowerful man ot Wis day.
He is mentioned for both political and
business honors. He might have been
the Republican candidate for mayor in
the recent municioal campaign, and
had he been might likely have swept
the citv.v He Is now mentioned ior
his party's leadership In next year's
gubernatorial campaign, tie is like
wise suggested for the presidency of
the Mutual Life Insurance Company.
And should he decline preferment in
both of-these lines, and decide to stick
tn his nrafesslon. he is assured of a
vast increase over the practice than he
anlnvAil before. .
All of whicn goes to snow wai n
pays to do whatever you set oat to do
with all your neart and mina.
T be American Spoke First.
The American in the corner of the
English first-class carriage insisted on
lighting Us cigar. The indignant uni-
latter in the atmer corner prowwieu,
but protested In vain. At the next sta
tion he hailed the guard, with hostile
Intent: but the cool American was too
quick for him. Tiuara,- ne arawieu,
SHE BAD TBE MORE NERVE.
Human Interest Incident of the
. .. Metropolis. ,
Mrs. Charles NbmmensotL. wife of a
eweler. of 087 Fulton street Brooklyn.
was sewing uV the second floor sitting
room oi their borne the other afternoon.
when in walksd a burglar with a pistol
in ms band. .
I trot in the wroncr house bv mis.
take," said be, as he doffed his hat with
a bow. "I wanted to see Mrs. Wilson
I !" :v,-:--.:
'Get out!" ordered Mrs. Nommen-
son, producing a revolver of her Own
and covering the man with the rapidity
of .thought . "A man who gets in the
wrong house by mistake doesn't draw
revolver on a woman, xou are a
thief r . :
I rang the bell and it was not an
swered. The door was open, so I
came in" '
"You are a thief 1" cried the woman,
rising and keeping her revolver on him.
"I will give you three minutes to get
out If yoa are not gone then, I will
shoot and kill you. One two "
The burelar dodcred out of the door.
Mrs. Nommenson was at his heels, her
eyes not leaving him for a second, that
ne might not get the drop oa her. The
man saw he had lost in the game of
nerve, and he backed down the steps.
At the front door he fumbled at the
latch. He could not open the door. It
seemed to present an opportunity to get
the best of the woman.
"You will have to let me out said
Not much." said Mrs. Nommenson,
Vu want to get me" at close quarters."
men as she kept him covered with
her revolver, she told him how to un
latch the complicated lock. She keot
him covered until the street door closed
on him. Then she returned to her sew.
ing. ; : ...
SCHOOL GARDEN WORK.
AN IMPORTANT AND ATTRACTIVE
FEATURE OF TBE NEWER
.v- EDUCATIONAL METHODS.
SENATE'S ATTITUDE RESENTED.
House Committee's Action on Light
house and similar Bills.
The House committee on Interstate
and foreign commerce has decided to
hurl defiance at the Senate in connec
tion with all lighthouse measures and
similar bills which must be passed on
by the committee. It has been the
practice of the House to frame these
measures in such a way that a sum aot
Five Years Course at School of
Horticulture at Hartford, Conn.
Teaches Careening and Fruit
Crowing; in All Its Branches.
' There -is much growing sentiment
in favor of school garden work in all
parts of the country. . If agriculture
is the backbone of the country, so ag
ricultural education Is the stem and
fibre of successful farming. School
garden work, as it applies to children
who have never lived on a farm, is a
start toward scientific agricultural
education, and it is a branch of educa
tion of great importance In these times
W"n so ' many boys and ns are
drifting toward the cities and away
from the old farms. Tbe tendency of
' 111 4
HE RAISED THEM HIMSELF,
the drift is cityward; but there are
thousands of people who would like
to live on farms, and would, perhaps,
If they knew something about tbe
growing of plants, and there is no time
like early youth to Instil in tbe mind a
love of nature and of growing things.
So that considerable success has at
tended the echool garden idea and the
nature Ptudy Idea as it is being ap
plied in a number of the older Institu
tions and In some new special schools.
A striking example of this is tbe
School of Horticulture at Hartford,
Conn. , . .
In " the ' year 1893 the Rerwend
Frnnrfa Omxlwln. a nhilanthroplc cit-
llzen, gave about 100 acres of land and
MAT BECOME A SENATOR.
I Speculation as to Future ef Presl
dent Koosevere finer serai
WKm Mr. Roosevelt retires from the
effice of President of the United States
he will be but bfty-one years oi age.
H I J fill-' f' J
I , ' rf If
'. lit -'J";, V A fy)
1 t fcriiw.nnr.1 ...... n. .6f';nwll
""ft """ " f
A, TCriK of t ''scheme, that d ist entering; upon hi. mtellectud
seemed fantastic and impossible, his pnmc wui ne oe
D-esty of detail brought success retirement from politics? HKSbewB
where another man would hare failed. jo .or p-- dT o
chance. If he shall be as popular when
Brut, trtfirtv Pnttmira. lh rrtire as he is at present or half as
. -" . . ,!jw.m. t popular, he will remain the head of his
In Sweden a remarkable Story is pp . .. . . - Uticai
A.tA A VklM rV.AM.'M MnMB. AHA nk.lr . . 11 m. .
win, vi luut m nreterment. ne wui act iu
. . i - . . . - .
The narrative recounts that a soldier,
a man of Immense stature, while lying
under sentence of death secured a
After his retirement from the Presi
dency, George Washington was given
command of the army in our actual but
not declared war with France. John
Ouincv Adams made more fame, the
long knife, and defied anyone to enter Une terms he was In Congress the last
his celt efehteen years'of his life than m all
An tiAoiffi fk9 Aiwmmrfi.Mi tTiA I hi nrevioua oolittcal career. General
tt i m .4 . .v. i ITackson retired from the Presidency tn
disregarding the warning of the offlcV !s was the head of hi. party
umu nis aeain, in iws. hc uitiaicu ma
siiccesior. and his will was law to both
Van Buren and Polk. Van Buren was
a politician until he died. He elected
Polk in rSiA and defeated Cass in 1848.
General Grant was a candidate for
President fn i83o, and had his man
areri acted with a little more satracitv.
he would have been nominated, and per
haps elected. G rover Cleveland -was
als, entered the man's cell slone and
nnar""d, locked the door behind him,
and then reasoned 1th the convict
It would have been a remarkable In
terview, even If the Kin? bad taken a
pardon to the convict But far from
this, be actually explained to the con
demned man why he bad decided to
reject any appeal for mercy; yet he so
worked on the mans feel In pa that
when, with a farewell handshake, the elected President in iSpa after bis re
King left him, he was totally subdued, tirement in liSo. , .
and ready to meet his fate he next Mr. Roosevelt Is ttie youngest of the
morning like a soldier. M President, and -n he rctf- in .moo
specified bnt not to exceed a certain
amount is to be used for the particular
Improvement. The Senate invariably
has changed such bills so they appro
priate a fixed amount This system is
regarded by the members ef the House
Interstate and foreign commerce com
mittee as being conducive to reckless
expenditure and the members of the
committee will refuse to accept such a
bill hereafter and purpose forcing the
senate to indorse measures which will
encourage the completion of work at
the lowest possible cost and the sav
ing of balances which may remain. -This
action of the House committee
Is In line with the general opposition
which the House is offering to what Is
declared to be the encroachment ot the
Senate upon Its rights.
had a board of trustees iitcorporated
uuuer uie name of the Handicraft
Schools of Hartford.
His Idea was to entnMMi a avi
for manual training in its -different
In 1900 H. D. Hememmv
ate of tbe Massachusetts Agricultural
Coloring Batter In Food.
Since we have been brought face to
face with the fact that most every
article constituting our dally diet con
tains some artificial coloring matter,
there has been a demand for some
method by which we can test such foods
In order to determine whether or not
they contain artificial coloring. The
Department of Agriculture has but re
cently Issned a bulletin containing
classification of the colors used In food
products as wr'l as methods for their
College, was secured as Director of the
School of Horticulture. Tbe buildings .
were soon erected, and the School es
tablished as the first public Handicraft
School of Hartford. Besides giving
apprentice work, and a course in hor
ticulture and botany to the boys from
the Watklnson Farm School, the fol
lowing season a course In school gar
dening was established. This course
was opened to the boys and girls from
the city schools. t
The school ga.-den work at the
School of Horticulture proved attrac
tive and popular from the first and
after one or two year of free work
a tuition was charged for each person
who took a garden. This tuition need
not keep any one from having a gar
den, as 100 boors of work for tbe
School pays any boy's tuition.
The school garden work has beea
systematized, until now there Is a five
years course in school gardening for
boys and girls, as well as one to train
public school teachers, and one course
for adults which is largely taken by
clergymen of the city.
One of the reasons which has made
this work so popular is because of the
fact that . the school shows results.
Every boy here, every person, for that
matter, Who has a garden gets a great .
deal more In value from his garden
than the price of the tuition.
The first year the boys begin their
garden work the 1st of May. They
come out or a lesson one day a week.
They come Into the classroom, where-
each boy receives a notebook, marks
his own attendance, keeps a weather
report and writes down from dicta
tion, or copies from tbe blackboard, a
detailed lesson for that day. With
the seeds they are given, they then
pass with tbe Instructor to the tool
room, where each boy receives his
tools, and with these he goes to his
garden, where an Instructor Is always
present to explain tbe things which he
learns in the classroom. In going to
his garden he passes by the observa
tion plots, which are studied.
The second year the boys begin in
March, taking np tbe mixing of the
soli, potting and repotting tnb tomato.
pepper, and egg plants that they have
in their gardens.
The third year they becta In Febru
ary and take up root-grafting, cutting,
pruning, spraying, digging and setting
trees, spaaing and caring ior grounds,
as well as the garden lessons. '
The fourth year boys begin In Jan
uary and take up the making of hot
beds, management of hotbeds, prun-
lng, spraying, soil analysis, plant
foods, testing seeds, planting the gar
den, besides the garden lessons, and
in the autumn they have buddlntr.
fruit culture,- and asparagus culture. '
nrtn year they take up system
atic study Of the soil, beginning In
January. All gardens continue until
after the 1st of October. , '
That the gardens pay is best shown
from a record of the garden yields dur
ing the past summer. A first year boy
got $9.86 worth, a third year boy '
$25.64, a fourth year boy $23.03, and
one of the clergymen $17.21 worth of
produce In the gardens.
The first year the gardens are 10
x 80 ft, the second year 10 x 40 ft,
the third year 10 x 60 ft, the fourth
year 10 x 80 ft Tbe clergymen have
gardens 40 x 40 ft- Public school
teachers have gardens 10 z SO and 10
x ) it; the plan is to give them a
practical training in tbe method of
training school children in tbe work.
Already several schools of Hartford
have established gardens In connee-
tlon with the schools, and the School
of Horticulture Is furnishing instruc
tors of late; those that are giving in
struction were trained at the School
of Horticulture. But there Is another
thing that the school does. It keeps
the children occupied during the sum
mer months, keeping tbe boys and
girls off tbe city streets; because they
come to love their gardens and come '
out to work in them, and to- work out
their tuition. This is not all, as soon
as the planting Is done In the gar
dens the children take np tbe system
atic study of weeds, they become fa
miliar with tbem and learn methods
of destroying them. Also at the School
there are about 500 observation plots
containing many of our common
things, and the children learn to know
ffliem In all staoee of development
People are beginning to realise-that
a boy from the School of Horticulture
Is better te work In their garden than
the average man they can get, be
cause the boys will not pull up ex
pensive seedlings as tbe men so often
do. Frequent calls are made upon Mr.
Hemenway for a boy to take care o(
a garden or lawn, and many of the
boys are able to spend most of their
spare time during the summer tn this
line ef work. ,
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