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0 / 75
-g . r nJT V V A
South of the Virginia line and on to
the Gulf in the Atlantic States of
this country can be found 'about the
same climate aa is prevalent along
the Pacific coast south from San Fran
Cisco. The State of California, the
people of California and the agricul
tural interests of California began a
number of years ago a determined ef
fort to colonise that section of the
world with poultry growers. No
stone' was left unturned tonake this
effort successful; the railroads, the
rata - ststiatielana. the agricultural
department and the people kept It
OULTBY BUILDING SUITABLE
afloat, until California has become one
of the largest poultry producing
states of the country, and San Fran
cisco and the Pacific Coast are being
supplied with the finest quality of
fresh-laid eggs and poultry of all kinds
produced at home a supply tirhlch
formerly came from east of the Kocky
We note this for the benefit of the
states lying south of the above men
tioned line. If the people In these
districts, Individually, locally and na
tionally, would take held of the up
building of the peultry interest, of the
growing of all kinds of land and water
fowl for market aad the producing of
I fresh-laid eggs In winter, it would not
, be man years befere the fields of the
South would bloom again as In the
: olden days when cotton was king, and
when the plaster of these districts
rolled in wealth enjoying the distin
guished attitude of being envied by
I all mankind.
' The modus operandi to be pursued
In connection with the poultry in
dustry is extremely simple, and the
only wander is that It is not more
generally carried out It appears,
however, te need the energetic work
Of one or two men In each community
to demonstrate to the surrounding
farmers the advantage and profit In
employing up-to-date methods. The
barnyard flock can within - a short
time and at n very small expense, be
bred up from an average of 60 or 75
eggs n year to a production of 125 or
ISO eggs per ben, constituting me (in
ference between a loss and a hand
some profit from the flock. All It b
necessary to do la to decide upon some
suitable breed of fowl and Infuse new
bleod inte the flock each year by the Im-
Kirtation ef a reasonably well-bred cock.
j this means not only can egg produc
tion be Increased but. If a general purpose
breed la selected, a great average In
crease In the weight of the fowls will
he absolutely assured.
In connection with this, nothing
could be more profitable to handle
than the growing of fruits and market
tuff throughout the entire' South.
Two ether features of great value,
might easily be added; that Is, culti
vating squabs for market and keep
ing bees for the production of honey
and bees-wax. In the local market,
bees-wax fells now for almost (40
cents n pound. In the southern or
warner climates where winter feeding
would not be of long duration, the
cultivation ef bees for bees-wax alone
.would become n profitable vocation,
oven If the extracted ioney were dis
tributed among the' neighbors as a
gratuitous compliment from the grow
ers ef the bees. But the bees must
be compelled to build their own
- honey-combs, to facilitate which, as
well as to have a larger product of
bees-wax, the boxes for receiving the
honey aheuld be so constructed as to
Influence the formation of a large
amount of honey-comb or bees-wax In
preference to honey.. -
If these matters were earnestly
taken hold of by the agricultural de
partments In every Southern State
and pushed as they should be, with a
i determined effort to aid the upbuild
ing of all these Interests throughout
these sections, greater wealth would
be added thereto thronch the enrich
Bient of the soil, ns the natural re
. suit of growing of more cattle, swine,
a SU - - I I .
(.vl'" J ,
SOUTH BEST SUITED FOR POULTRY.
- BYT. F. McCBEW.
K X' - ' :
poultry, and stock of all kinds, the
presence of which always enriches agd
fertilizes the soli, providing that care
and attention be given to the eco
nomical saving of the manure and a
proper distribution of it over the land.
The States of Missouri, Kansas and
California are samples of what can
be done in the upbuilding of the
poultry Interests for the elevation of
its oeoDle through an increased In
come enabling the State to have bet
ter schools, better education, oetter
homes, and to better improve their
lands. Only a short time since there
FOR SOUTHERN CLIMATE.
was a gathering of representative
business men from the South look
ing for national aid to the upbuild-
Ign of the localities from which they
came. Nothing should be more louaiy
applauded and approved by the peopletyleld does not hinder fertility, provid-
of this country than government aid
properly applied throughout the South
ern States; but this aid should be so
applied as to make the people more
industrious and to add to their wealtn
HUE AND BARRED PLYMOUTH
Ten millions of dollars or more, prop
erly expended each year through the
medium of agricultural colleges and
departments throughout the states,
would be a valuable Investment by the
National Government for the entire
nation, provided these Influences tend
ed to upbuild the agricultural and
live-stock interests of the South; to
teach the growing communities how to
care for their lands and their homes
in a manner that would return to the
soil Its former richness, and to make
the products of the ground Increase
and multiply and enrich the people.
But nothing could be more unfortu
nate for any locality than to have
sums of money voted to that pur
pose and have it made use of foi
political advancement and the aid of
classes rather than the masses.
Fowl Bulletin In Demand.
Of the making of Government docu
ments there Is no end. 1hlsK too,
although the . President has forcibly
expressed the opinion that the liter
ary output of the departments could
be cut one-half. But there are bulle
tins and bulletins.
"The . Tapeworms of American
Chickens and Turkeys," prepared by
B. H. Hansom, B. Sc., A. Acting
Zoologist, Bureau of Animal industry
is one that a city chap might classify
as a useless publication. Even though
"the Important subject of tapeworms
of poultry has received but little
attention In this country" the Indi
vidual who often mistakes cooked
veal for chicken would not sanction
the expenditure of public money for
such a "ridiculous document" In
this he would greatly err. There la
scarcely a bulletin, it Is said by mem
bers of Congress, that Is in so great
demand as the one entitled "The
Tapeworms of American Chickens and
The Fertility otEgzs.
In considering the possibilities for
a good hatch from a setting of eggs,
the fertility of the eggs used la of
prime importance. Data regarding the
faetora affecting the fertility of eggs
are oi great value- in the poultry in
dustry, this question having been
studied at a number of the experiment
stations In the United States and else
Too warm quarters for laying stock
ana overfeeding as well as a cold sea
sen axe commonly believed - to exer
cise an unfavorable influence on-egg
fertility. The way eggs are handled
or stored Is also believed to affect the
proportion which will hatch, aa well
as the conditions under which incuba
tion occurs. The vigor and character
of the parent stock and the length of
time the male bird haa been with the
flock are also important At the out
set officials of the Department of
Agriculture wish It distinctly pointed
out, that fertility and "hatchabillty"
are not, necessarily identical. An egg
may be fertile and the germ still not
have sufficient vitality to produce a
healthy chick under the ordinary con
ditions of incubation..'
4 In a series of incubator experiments
at the Rhode Island Station, of 8,677
eggs tested,,, 83 per cent, were found
to be fertile, while only 46 per cent of
the fertile eggs, or 3S.6 per cent of the
total number of eggs, hatched under
the conditions of the tests. Experi
ments made at the Maine Station
showed that there was as great varia
tion in fertility as in the total yield
or tttferent hens some producing eggs
that were all highly fertile and others
that were completely infertile, and,
furthermore, that, eggs of some hens
varied greatly in this respect at dif
ferent times. The observed facts
seem to show that while a heavy egg
ed the hens are allowed to rest before
they begin to lay again, Infertility is
likely to result after hens nave Deen
laying long and heavily,
The Ohio Experiment Station made
ROCKS AT BILTMORE, N. C.
a study of the effect of the presence
if the male bird on egg fertility. Forty
Leghorn hens which had previously
been kept without males were placed
POULTRY. BEES AND FRUIT
in pens with three male birds and the
percentage of fertile eggs observed for
nine days after mating. This in
creased regularly from O on the day
of mating to 95 per cent on the eighth
day after mating. The fertility of the
eggs waa apparently, not materially af
fected until the twelfth day alter re
moving the roosters. This point was
also studied at the Ontario Agricul
tural College and Experimental Farm.
The hens were separated from the
male and the eggs laid each day were
placed In an Incubator andHested with
respect to their fertility, or ine eggs
laid during the first fourvdays after the
male was removed, 70 per cent were
fertile;- of those laid on the fifth day,
61 per cent; on the sixth, 60 per cent;
on the seventh, 49 per cent; on the
eighth, 12 per cent; on the ninth, 2
per cent and on the tenth, all were
infertile.- - ' '
The Influence of the male on the
total number of eggs produced was
also tested with two lots. Lot 1 con
sisted of 5 pullets, 5 hens, and 1 cock;
lot 2, of i hens and 6 pullets of the
same varieties as "lot 1. Both pens
were fed and cared for in the same
way. Lot 1 laid 959 eggs and lot 2,
972 eggs. It may thus be seen that
there waa but very little difference In
the number of egg 'ld by. the two
pns. - . - . . - ' . :
. Ideal Conditions for fertility.
' The various observations made at
different stations, while not entirely
conclusive, seem to Indicate that In
order to secure fertile eggs which will
hatch. It la considered desirable for
the laying stock not to be kept In very
warm quarters or overfed; the males
must be kept with the hens contin
uously and only eKgs used which have
been produced after tbe male haa beea
with the hens several days. The most
desirable fowls whose eggs -are to be
used are those from vigorous parent
stock; known to produce a high per
centage of fertile eggs, while In order
to secure a great percentage of fertile
eggs the hens should be allowed a
rest after each laying period. The
eggs should be bandied very carefully
and not subjected to extremes of tem
perature In storage, and used only
when comparatively fresh.
As a whole it may be said that the
ordinary conditions prevailing on the
farm as a rule Tavor the production of
egg of high vitality. The keeping
quality of eggs is a very different mat
ter from fertility, aa It Is the general
belief that Infertile eggs keep better
than fertile, , t
Keep the Animals Warm. -
"How do '"you manage to always
keep cattle looking so sleek and fine,"
was asked of a-successful stock raiser.
"WiiyT"! keep them comfortable,"
he replied, "from the day they are
born until I sell them." -
And this Is to a great extent the
secret of success in stock growing.
. The best farmers are the best stock
raisers; and this Is a branch- of farm
ing that always wins In the long run.
If you can raise all the rough feed
and grain that your stock need, do
so, by all mesas,, but don't neglect the
stock to do this. Better buy of some
less fortunate neighbor who has more
feed than stock. There are ; other
things beside feed, too. Have - you
seen cattje and horses humped and
shivering, day after day, through the
worst part of the winter-. Do you
think that those animals were com
fortable? Picture yourself in that con
dition and Imagine bow you would like
it! It is difficult to see how some men
can crawl into a warm bed at night
and aleep soundly until morning,
while their live stock stand half frozen
and perhaps half-fed all night. Such
a man's feelings must be pretty well
blunted. It doesn't pay in dollars and
cents, either. Now, it doesn't cost
much to fix up a comfortable shelter
for stock, when old hay and Btraw
can be had almost for nothing. When
a man lets his stock suffer from the
cold, it is a clear case of shiftlessness.
But every year there are fewer and
fewer of the shiftless class.
Use of Nitrogen Bacteria Limited.
The extravagant and misleading
claims made by many of the circulars
advertising those widely heralded bac
teria for Inoculating barren boIU which
were to revolutionize agriculture, have
led the United States Department ot
Agriculture to Issue a warning to the
farmers. In the first place the inocu
lation is very limited in application
If the ground is already naturally In
fected with these nitrifying germs, any
further addition of the artificial pro
duct is useless. They In no sense re
place the usual forms of fertilizer; It
the ground is barren, no benefit can be
expected to -result from its mere Inocu
lation with bacteria; phosphates, pot
ash, lime or other plant food must be
added along with the nitrogen-fixing
microbes. In a soil already rich In
nitrogen the bacteria do little good. ;
Furthermore, many of the bacteria
now on the market are of no value
whatever. Of nineteen samples bought
In the open market and examlnedjy
the Bureau Of Plant Industry one was
pronounced .".very go&t? five others
"good," and most of the remainder
"poor" and eight "worthies"
The Telephone on the Farm.
He sits by his hearth and sells his
cotton-when it reaches 11 cents do-
1 cause his samples are stored In the
town, even though his cotton-is at
that time under the cow-iot anea. tie
learns when he comes from the Held
at noontide, that the car-load of seed
rota toes ordered toy blim and hla
neighbors has arrived and he goes to
town immediately lor bis own share.
and by phone agreement hauls home
the portion belonging to two neighbors
ON A30UTHERN FARM.
for enough money to pay for hla phone
service that "year. With a telephone
la his home, the farmer" has the world
where the wool Is short .He has "a
down-hill pull. On the next day he
is too busy to send a horse to town,
four miles away, for a bushel of seen
corn he must have for " immediate
planting, as he has been advised by
telephone of Its arrival by express, so
he pays a thriftless neighbor who Is
going into town to buy bacon, to bring
tbe seed corn out to him. That is bet
ter than stopping a '-three-horse plow
for a half day. At night he Inquires
ot a neighbor over the phone, how be
la pleased with the improved double-
row corn .planter, and he learns that
It is the correct thing, so be orders
one to be delivered the next .day from
his nearest Implement house. It ar
rives and saves 50 cents a day in
labor for ten days, of the planting sea
son. His wife calls up her cousin,
who lives In the town and has a
pleasant chat about all the doln's of
the last two days; finds out who was
present at the last social, which she
was unable to attend, and she is satis
fled. The phone is" a veritable money
maker, and social satisfler In the
rural home." It is a .builder of so
ciety, an insurance against violence
and an ever present help in case of
Uncle Alee' a kefleetlona.
Doan nebber try to comfo'ht er man
by tellld" 'im his trouble might be
wua. It tickles hla pride tor feel dat
he's beatia' de record, eben when It
come t' beln' mlzzable. " . - v
' Tbe keaon.
Mah ole woman's Idea ob economy
am In pay In' ten cents wurf ob eah-
fain fo de sake ob trnyln' a dollar's
wof of stuff fo ninety-eight oents,
wnat sne aoan t want nohow.
Don't Die That Wav.
millions Die Every Tear froni Mere Ignorance cf
Nature Laws of Health , . .
. Ask yourself the question : " Is Life Worth Living?" . "
" And the answer will be :" It depends on your health." -'
Then why not have good health I It you are sick it Is
because Bome simple, natural law of health has been violated . .
Nature is a Stern and Inexorable jadge, and
Grants No Pardons When-Her laws are Broken .
"""" Better Learn -Those Laws.',.
- You can't learn them too, soon.
Yoa can't learn them all at once. ,': . f
Begin right now, and ; ti' .
- Learn a little every month. "
Sand dime or five two-cent itampe to 1406 Fisher Building, Chicago, for one whole
Yo&r'i subscription for Mat well's Homemaker Magazine, and read the DeparUnaot "Health
U tba Home. Health from Nature, by K ight Thongut and Right Livinfr."
Read it erery month rear in and year out and learn all about Nature's Laws of
Health, and save Doctors' Billa and Drug Sills, and yon will enjoy many years of Life and
good health after yoa otherwise would bare beea dead and buried or maybe cremated.
Whether yon are buried or cremated doesn't so much matter. It's the dying part that
counts. Train "Good Health" as your faithful body-guard to kick old 'Grim Death"
Scythe and all, into the street if be calls ahead of time. Get your 14 pointers on training,"
from Maxwell's Homemaker Magaiino. . . . ; '
NOTE. -If yon do not wish to est the coupon ont ot your paper, yoa can send in your
subscription on a separate piece of paper. ,
ONE YEAR. FOR 10 CENTS
Subseription'.Priee to Chlcaioand Foreign Addreaaea, aOcFarYear. ;
. Cut out this subscription blank, write name and address on lima below, and Band us
10 cents (silver or stamps) and we will mall yon JfazwcO'a gome-matey Jfag awinw every
month for twelve months. Don't delay, but send at once, . ,
.... . -.. v- y.
Name T . ' - "
Box or Street No.
You can subscribe for one, two, three or Ats years at 10 cents for each rear, , "Better
send (0 cents and have fire years good reading coming to yon. This is the BEST ' MAGA
ZINE, for the money, ever published. Address in full
Subscription Dept. MAXWELL'S HOMEMAKBR MAGAZINE,
IMS fisher Building, CHICAGO. 111.
If yon wish tohsve THE HOMEMAKJ5R MAGAZINE sent to friends, use a separate
place of paper for name and aadreas, and enclose 10 cents for each yearly subscription.
There are 640,000 horses and 2,500
licensed automobiles In the State of
New York. .. ' ;. .
High-born Siamese walk with the
elbow joint turned inward and the
thumbs turned out.
Henry Labouchere has spent one
million dollars In defending suits for
libel brought against him as editor of
the London Troth. ,
SH1W.T. ti&nihnme mfr
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ded pants thoroughlr qtil td;'
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-,r. vtMirnwrjti itw avast
ftddri for only M pack&cM of
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Son this splendid btuebtvll oat
LnusTutwetl to At svnd to tlT
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U Ann Ml . U1 Ma4 Jmln MlpU! vtae MIS
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astral Heave RasMCfCs, 44a 4tk Ave., Ptrlsenre.Pa,
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Kemarkable TMaeoverr That Cuts Down
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A. I Hies, a" prominent manufacturer of
Adams, N. Y., haa discorsred a process of mak
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He calls it Powdrpaint It comes to you s dry .
powder and aU that is required Is cold water
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iu any auiH wwiiiuw, wa vi ijiiwi,
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you how you can says and make a good many
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rite today and the book, free trial
int. etc, will be sent yoa without any
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n T CWfV n f -Vcf VorM
tun Increase ,'"r t, -- i-n
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