THK OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE UNIVERSITY ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION.
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, CHAPEL HILL, N. C, March 8th. 1898.
CAROLINA DEBATERS WIN
The 2nd, Inter-collegiate Contest Between the
University of Georgia and the University
of North Carolina .
On Friday night, March 4th, was
held in Gerrard Hall the 2nd. annua
jnter-collegiate debate between the
University of Georgia and the Uni
versity of North Carolina.
TUp mornine" train brouarht the
Georgia boys. They were Messrs
W 1?. Ilnshaw and J. S. Roberts
' ' x
They were met at the train by
mtnittee composed of Messrs
Grimes, Broadhurst, Sams and Cox
T JuoVe Connor, one of the
judges, came over on this train also
The other judges, Congressman
Woodard and Judge Montgomery
came in on the evening train. Mr
London, President of the debate,
ramp hv nrivate conveyance from
By half past seven the student:
and town's people had begun to as
semble in Gerrard Hall. The ros
tram was elegantly decorated with
the colors of the two Universities.
Interwoven above, they separated
nn eltW side and fell in folds of
wliifp ;i nd hlue behind the seats of
the North Carolina boys, of red ami
black behind those of the Georgians.
Streamers radiated out from th
cliandalier in the centre of the hall
to the sralleries on the sides.
When eisrht o'clock came the hall
was crowded below and above. Th
marshals escorted the speakers and
officers to the rostrum amid enthu
Mr. London called the meeting, to
order a few minutes after eight. In
a short speech he made a few re
marks concerning the great gooc
done by these debates in encourag
ing and stimulating the art of speak
He then announced ' the query
Resolved, that the United States
1 . t
annex Hawaii. Afhrmative Messrs
W. F. Unshaw and J. S. Roberts
of the University of Georgia. Neg
ative, Messrs. W. J. Brogden and
E. K. Graham of 'the. University of
SYNOPSIS OE THE DEBATE.
Mr. J. S, Roberts, class 1900, U.
-Ga., made the first speech on the affir
mative. , The ground taken by him
was that the United States should an
nex Hawaii because it would be the
consummation of the policy of . the
United States toward Hawaii for the
past sixty years. ' ' '
He spoke of the geographical positi
on of the islands, pointing out their
strategic importance. He also showed
their value in view of the expanding
trade in the Pacific Ocean.
He dwelt at length on the naval and
commercial advantages which the pos
sesion of the islands would add to the
United States; also the disadvantages
which would accrue were the islands
to fall into the hands of some other
strong power. Annexation means the
industrial expansion of the islands and
consequently an increased trade with
the United States. The permanent
possesion of the islands is necessary
that our navy in the Pacific may be"ef-
J. S. Roberts, U. Ga.
fective. The islands are needed as a
base of supplies. Being the only base
within'a radius of 2,100 miles, their
possesion' will be a heavy advantage
in case 'of war.
In conclusion he contended that a
protectorate is undesirable as it would
involve responsibilty- without posses
ion and would be the sureest way of
entangling- us with outside nations.
Mr. W. J. Brogden, of Goldsboro,
'98,f'U. N. C. was the next speaker
His argument of the negative was en-;
thusiastic and pointed.
He said that the annexation of Ha
waii would set a dangerous precedent
which would embark our government
upon a' policy, of colonization iSimilar
to those ;adopted'by,'the great empires
of the past. The variety of non-as
simulative elements thus introduced
into our political system would soon
destrov the unity and permanence of
our Union. .
The Monroe Doctrine would receive
fatal blow. European powers have
respected this doctrine of non-interfer
ence only because the United States
has respected it. When the United
States becomes the aggressive nation
and inaugurates a policy ot annexa
tiou, then the hostility and rivalry of
foreign nations are cordially invited.
The South American Republics are
contemplating forming a combination
against us in order to protect their
iberties. Can we annex Hawaii at
he cost of the friendship of South
The annexation of Hawaii would
also incorporate into our Union peo
ple wholly incapable of self govern
ment. There are only 1(UU voters out
of a population ot 100,000. Umitting
he Portugese, 4-5 of the total popul-
. -t T 1 -
ation are Asiatics ana roiynesians
who are obviously untiitted for Demo
Such a population, if erected into a
State, would neither be a useful mem
ber of the Union, nor qualified to con
duct the business of legislation within
its own borders, much less, qualified,
therefore, to send Representatives and
Senators to Washington to formulate
policies for the American people. The
annexationists arsrue that Hawaii
could come in as a territory, but this
argument is merely a subterfuge.
Our Constitution has no provision
whatever for the aroverniner Machin
ery of a petrified territory. If Hawaii
cannot'be governed as a State or as
territory it is evident that some parti
san government must be invented by
Congress, and such a scheme would of
fer a field for political jobbery and bri
bery. Not only are the Hawaiiansin
capable of citizenship but they are ac
tively opposed to becoming citizens o
this Commonwealth. One of the vita
principles of our republic is that the
government derives its power from the
consent of the governed. In persuan-
ce of this principle it becomes neces
sary to consult the wishes of the Ha-
waiian people. If they are favorable
to annexation, then why has not some
supporter of the scheme presented
some petition proving this to be a fact,
and thus obviate a vital objection? "
Even granting that the Hawaiians
are willing to become American citi
zens, still annexation would be unwise,
inexpedient, and suicidal.. Our polit
ical system is already heavily strained
Our family of states is aJready larg
enough to create embarassment in the
Ring rule, bribery and complicated
race pioblems have already "polluted
the temple of our liberties". With
these momentous questions awaiting
W. J. Brogden, U. N. C.
solution, it is the most consummate
inconsistency to introduce another
problem into our political system.
In the future the energies of our
statesmen must be directed toward the
perfection of American institutions,
and not dissipated in fruitless efforts
to assimulate a foreign people.
Mr. W. F. U pshaw was the other
speaker for Georgia. In the outset
he declared that the Republican
ed Republican government, having
tun power to treat as sne wrisnes.
She offers her sovereignty. Shall
The assertion of our aurthority
i the Pacific has been used time
and ajrain to prevent annexation to
England or France. Blaine is quot
ed as to the relation of Hawaii to the
United States to the effect that the
islands should remain neutral so
long as Hawaii finds' this practic
able. When Hawaii finds this im
practicable, annexation must come
to the United States.
The "parting of the ways" has
come. The qnestion is not, Shall
Hawraii be annexed, but shall Ha
waii be annexed to the United States,
Great Britain or Japan?,
Next, he contended that the gov
ernment of the islands under the
United States will invole no diffi
culty and that the annexation is
thoroughly in accord both with let
ter and spirit of the Constution.
Then the ethical side of the ques
tion was .taken up and he argued
that it was our duty to annex for
two reasons; the first, to save them
from Asiatic despotism; the second,
an economic reason, to afford a free
market for her cane sugar so that
W. F. Upshaw, U. Ga.
the productivity of the islands may
develop. Permanent admission pf
this sugar free of duty into the
United States will be a great ad
vantage to the consuming classes.o.f
Under changing conditions, which
are rapidly going on in the Pacifiic,
Honolulu is sure to become a center
of industrial activity. This will ren
der its possession important.
Finally the permanent possession
of the islands is essential for the se
curity of our commerce in times of
war or peace on the Pacific.
The second speaker on the nega-
tive was Mr. E. ft. Uratiam, or
Charlotte, '98, U. N. C. He con-
m '- m my
E. K. Graham, U. N. C. '
fined himself to the strategic point
of view. He denied that the pos
session of Hawaii would in any sense
prevent a hostile attack on our .
Pacific coast. In Vanco-ver's Is-,
land the English have a far more
effective base of supplies; the naval
stations in the South Sea Islands
are within easy radius of our cqast
while even China and Japan are in
Continued on 2nd page