Editorial Board Meeting
Tar Heel Office 8 P. M.
Person Hall 4 P. M.
RALEIGH BANKER , :
S NO EASY JOB
Speaker Points Out Necessary
Qualifications for Successful
"Many young men enter the bank
ing business because they think it is
a white collar job and that all bank
ers are rich," N.' S.' Calhoun, vice
president of the Wachovia Bank and
Trust company in Raleigh, told Uni
versity students in a chapel address
here yesterday. -"That's one idea' I
would like to get out of your heads
if you're looking to banking as a ca
reer," he added.
Mr. Calhoun's address was the fifth
in a series arranged by the Bureau
of Vocational Information, of the
Dean of Student's office with the view
of acquainting University students
with the various vocations and pro
fessions. He was introduced by Hen
ry Johnson, head of the Bureau.
"Don't be deceived by, whatever
glamour hovers over the banking bus
iness," the speaker cautioned. "It is
a hard game and like all other pro
fessions it is the fittest who survive.
It would be a good thing if every
young man could have some bank ex
perience. Some of -those who try
banking like-it and sticky and' if they
succeed they will' have worked hard
enough that the same application
would have put them at the top in
any other field.
"A banker must be both a sales
(Continued on page four)
STUDY PARTY TO
Students to Visit Interesting
Places in Germany
Members of the University of North
Carolina's foreign study tour of Cen
tral Europe next summer will attend
the world-famous Music Festival
which opens in .Vienna on July 20,
according to announcement today by
Russell M. Grumman, acting director
of the University Extension Division,
under the auspices of which the tour
is being made. ' '
Mr. Grumman said the members of
the party, which sails from New York
June 30 and returns in early Septem
ber, might consider themselves "very
fortunate in being able to visit Vienna
at this particular time.'
The tour will be under the educa
tional direction of Professor E. C.
Metzenthin of the German Depart
ment of the University, who has made
the history and development of Ger
man vocal music the object of special
study for many years. This is the
year of the Franz Schubert , anniver
sary, and the Vienna festival will be
devoted predominantly to the work of
this unexcelled master of harmonies.
The object , of the tour, is to afford
time for first-hand study of German
in five countries that are to be visited.
College credit- will be given for
courses satisfactorily completed.
The itinerary of the tour includes:
two weeks' residence in both. Vienna
and Munich and stops in Copenhagen,
Berlin, Dresden, Heidelberg, Frank
fort, Bonn, Cologne and Paris. Vien
na has been for centuries, regarded
as the "City of Beauty," both in mu
sic and in architecture.
To Graduate Club
Professor of Chemistry Relates In
teresting Experiences of His.
"The desire for power and romance
are the two biggest driving , motives
in human life," Dr. E. K. Cameron,
of the chemistry department, said
Friday evening. He was speaking to
members of the Graduate . Club at
their regular monthly meeting in the
Episcopal Parish house on the re
wards they might hope to find in fur
ther study and research.
Dr. Cameron told the graduates in
teresting tales of the romance he had
found as S scientist in search for
truth: He quoted with enthusiasm
with remark of the fiery evangelist
that "Prejudice is the damndest devil
out of hell." A social hour followed
The next meeting of the Graduate
Club will be held in February and
Dr. Chase will speak.
Wootten-Moulton will take the
picture of the Sophomore Class
for the Yackety Yack Friday
morning at chapel period in
front "of the Law Building.
GIVEN IN ANNUAL
Dr. M. C. S. Noble, Jr., Does
Much Work on Education
In the report for 127 of the State
Educational Commission on the Pub
lic School System an dthe financial
condition " of counties, acknowledg
ment is made to Dr. Fred W. Mor
rison 'and Dr. M. C.-S. Noble, Jr. for
their aid in preparation and compila
tion of the data presented.
Dr. Morrison, who is assistant ex
ecutive secretary of the Educational
Commission, conducted the investi
gation and prepared the many tables
of statistics and other information
dealing with the financial conditions
of counties, and methods of the finan
cing and administration , of public
schools. Dr. Noble was in charge of
the study of teacher training, and is
responsible for the information con
cerning that phase of the work.
lne report represents muen re
search and investigation on the part
of its producers. There is a long
treatment of taxes levied by the
several counties and sub-divisions
thereof, which takes in towns and
cities. Under this head comes the
total assessed valuation of taxable
property in the state, equalization of
valuations, total taxes levied, and
the distribution of these taxes. This
section concludes with a brief discus-
sion of the present tax per head in
the state, and the growth of the tax
burden! for the past seven years.
The second division contains much
data on the indebtedness of the, state
and the sub-divisions. The greater
portion of this section consists of a
lengthy discussion of bonds and re
lated matters. , .
The one hundred first county is the
rather unique title given the third
chapter. ' The tax rates, ', bonds, etc,
found in this mythical county are in
reality the average of the one hun
dred counties comprising the state.
Nearly three hundred and fifty
pages are filled with nothing but
tables, giving in great detail the fis
cal condition of each c aunty, in addi
tion to much general information and
comparison. ' These table? indicate
the entire financial status of the dif
ferent counties, not just in relation
TWO DANCES ARE
SLATED FOR W
Law School and Grail Will Hold
Social Reins Friday
Two dances are in line for this
week end the Law School ball at
the Carolina Inn and the Grail dance
in Bynum Gymnasium. The sorority
dance Saturday night inaugurated the
winter's festivities, , and the two
dances this week-end and several
more yet to come, this quarter is des
tined to go down as one of the gaiest
in years. '
Although examinations ended last
Saturday in the Law School, the dance
Lwas scneameu . m"jr -
State Bar examination was new yes
terday and several members of the
school stood the examination. This
dance should be a brilliant entertain
ment as plans have been made quite
a while for the .affair and Kay Kyser
and his Orchestra will furnish the
music for the occasion.. The invita
tions state, that the dance will be
from ten' until one.
Following the Law School's dance
the Grail will complete the week-end
with their first dance of the winter
quarter in the Bynum Gymnasium
Saturday night. This promises to be
one of the best Grail dances oi me
quarter, for Duke and Carolina clash
on the basketball court that night and
the added attraction of two dances
over one week-end insures attend
ance. Miss Elizabeth Ward of Duke uni
versity was the week end guest of
Mrs. M. H. Stacy.
CHAPEL HILL, N. C, TUESDAY, JANUARY 31, 1928
TWO' GAMES ON
TAR HEEL SLAT
FOR THIS WEE
Basketball Team to Play N. C.
State Tomorrow Night;
The Red Terrors at N. C. State
College tomorrow night" in Raleigh
and Duke's Blue Devils here Satur
day is the card for the White Phan
toms of the Hill this week.
Rivalry 'with State has been long
and intense, although of a friendly
nature, but the West Raleigh team
is not considered quite up to par this
season, and followers of the game ex
pect that Carolina will continue the
custom of coming away with the
larger score. State's season has beeni
one of ups and downs so far. The
State team took two games from
Wake Forest by slight margins, lost
a close contest to Duke in Durham,
was ' defeated somewhat more easily
by Georgia, and then went to South
Carolina for two games, winning the
first 48-22, and losing the one of the
next night 30-38.
Puke, in addition to the game
which it barely took from State, de
feated Georgia with a two point
surplus, and overcame Wake' Forest
45-17.' -Thus the situation is compli
cated, and the week's results will go
far towards clearing the; muddle.
The Blue Devils from Durham con
stitute the best team in the country,
according to reports einanatrng from
Durham. Their failure to break a
loug line of losses to the Tar Heels
in the football season adds to. their
uesire for a win SaturJay. The foot
ball, game o won by Carolina be
cause the Duke team was "in no
frame of mind to play football," so
the Chronicle of Duke explained it.
Rifle Club To Fire
Carolina Club Will Shoot Against
Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn.
The Carolina Rifle club will fire its
next match tomorrow night against
the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn,
New York. This will be the second
intercollegiate match of the season.
The results, as before, will be tab
ulated and sent to the Eastern States
The results of the Cornell-Carolina
contest, the first match in which Caro
lina engaged, were: Cornell, 1321, U.
N. C, 1041.
Five Blind Students Like the
Attitude of Carolina Professors
Graduates of State School for Blind Are Among Leaders in Schol
astic Honors Despite the Fact That They Are Handi- .
capped r One Narrowly Misses ' Honor.
By JOHN W. HARDEN
Chapel Hill, N. C, Jan. 28. When
the University honor roll of 235
names', compromising the students
who made high averages in all their
studies, was announced the other day,
it was learned that four of these
honor students were blind men.
There are five blind students en
rolled in the University. The other
one missed the honor roll by just a
hair's breadth-. It appears deeply
significant that, despite the handi
cap of not being able to read and
having to. learn by ear, these boys
were able to maintain such a high
average in their studies.
By name these students are Cole
man C. Cates, Jr., of Burlington;
Roby C. Leonard, of Lexington; Hu
bert Holloman, of Ahoskie; J. M7 Par
ham, of Charlotte; and Lawrence F.
London, of Pittsboro.
The first three are sophomores and
the others freshmen.
Cates lost his sight as the result of
a knife wound at the age of three;
Leonard became blind from detached
retina; no cause-has ever been found
for the fact that Holloman's eyes be
gan gradually to go out when he
was six; -Parham strained his already
weak eyes with intensive work under
an artificial Tight and at 18 put one
out entirely by diving into a swim
ming pool; London lost his sight at
12 when dynamite cap went off near
Three of the boys are graduates of
the State School for the Blind at Ra
leigh, another went there for a time,
and the fifth' learned to read and
write embossed letters from a pri
N. C, CLUB HEARS
L C. HON DISCO
Graduate Student Says State's
Economic Structure and
, Tax System Conflict.
Showing that a general property
tax manifestly is , not ' adapted to
North Carolina's economic structure,
certain remedies were '-offered by
Ralph C. Hon, graduate student in
the University's School of Commerce
in a paper read before the North
Carolina club at its regular-fornight-ly
meeting in Saunders hall last
night. . , ' '
"The most popular reform for this
situation in this' country," " he said,
"has been the classification of prop
erty with the provision that intangi
bles should have a tax rate low enough
to be equal to a moderate income
tax." : r-'1" :
He pointed out that in some states,
notably Minnesota, the increase in
assessments under this system has
been so great that there has been a
marked increase ih revenue in spite
of the decrease in the tax rate. "How
ever this apparent success has been
due more to the lack of efficiency
in making assessments under the old
system than to outstanding efficiency
under classification," he, added.
The speaker also suggested that a
provision be made whereby increas
ing income or yield, rather than ; the
property itself, be used as a basis of
"No modern state or local govern
ment has been able to even approxi
mate a universal assessment of all
property at high general property
tax rates," Mr. Hon declared.' "And
even if such an accomplishment were
possible it would not be desirable be
cause of the tremendous inequality
in the tax paying ability which dif
ferent types of property bestow upon
their owners," he added.
"Most property owners realize the
value of services rendered by the lo
cal government and are willing to
pay their fair share of the expense
but when they realize that most-people
do not list their intangibles they
find it easy to justify themselves in
doing likewise as a matter of self de
fense, Thus the tax penalizes the
Mr. Hon believes that the exemp
tion of corporation stock is , probably
expedient so long as high rates ap
ply to such property and the opinion
was expressed that it might be tax
ed fairly at low rates.
.' Live Normal Student Life
Considering their handicap, the
perfectly normal student life, these
men lead is amazing. All are inter
ested in athletics and enthusiastically
attend all games The constant
stream of lectures and attractions
that come to Chapel Hill find them in
the audiences, and quite frequently
they find someone who will read sub
titles to them and they go to the pic
ture show. '
They read a great deal, using
books printed in the Braille system
of embossed letters. Most every
thing from Aristotle to O. Henry can
be had in the raised type editions.
Very few of the text books used in
the University can be had in this
form, however, so they employ read
ers to read their daily lessons to them.
How well they remember these les
sons that are hurriedly read to them
one time can-be seen in the fact that
they have made an honor roll average
in the work they have done in the
University. In fact the three sopho
mores stand a fair chance at complet
ing the regular four year's course in
three years. , " ' '
All their written work is done on a
typewriter. ' They use the touch sys
tem of writing. - .
: Can Find Way About
The problem of moving about the
campus from class: to class and build
ing to building nevei seems to both
er these sightless individuals. Once
they . have been cpnducted.to 1 a place
they can easily go back ' there by
themselves. It is a source of much
wonder to the student, body and fac
ulty members that these men can
(Continued on page four)
LANS UNDER WAY
FOR HIGH SCHOOL
S : . .
Many New Schools Granted
Membership to Athletic
Entry blanks for participation in
the high school basketball champion
series which were mailed out recent
ly from the office of E. R. Rankin,
executive secretary of the organiza
tion, are beginning to be sent back
and by Saturday of this week, which
is the limit of time for enfries-the
enrollment of contestants is expected
to be as large as any of previous
years.' ' : '
Early in the following week, there
will be meetings of coaches and of f i
cials, of the schools to arrange elimi
nation contests leading "up to the final
game. Tentative plans' call for a
meeting in Raleigh Monday night for
the eastern schools, and one in Salis
bury the following night for the west
ern section of the state.
There is no way of telling at this
time just how large the number of
aspirants for the state title "will be.
Invitations are mailed out to all mem
ber schools of the organization, and
to enter, the principal of each school
must return a blank for each player
on the team of his school certifying
the eligibility of the individual play
ers. The entrance of any ineligible
player into a game : of the series au
tomatically eliminates his team from
further participation. .
In spite of rumors from the north
eastern part of the state that a num
ber of schools are contemplating leav
ing the association and forming one of
their own, there has been a : consid
erable increase in the ranks of the so
ciety now accepted as standard. Thir
ty five new schools have been granted
membership this school year. The
same strict requirements- are present
ed to all and each school becomes a
member by the act of its principal ih
making a formal application on behalf
of his institution.
The championship in basketball has
been wonfor the last three years by
Durham, and twice that city entered
the national tournament and rose sev
eral steps before being put out of the
running. Two of the mainstays on,
Carolina's team rrow. Hackney and
Satterfield, are from that school.
Tryouts for Phi
Debaters is Tonight
At Regular Meeting
Both Freshmen and Upperclassmen
Are Eligible for Team.
Preliminary try-outs for the Phi
Society team for the Mary D. Wright
debate will . be held in the new Phi
Hall in New East building tomorrow,
Wednesday, night at 7:30. ; The query
for the debate is "Resolved: that the
governmental policies of Mussolini
are for the best interests of Italy.
The Phi will uphold the negative and
the Di the affirmative in the debate
proper which will be held in Gerrard
Hall about ebruary 17. .
The Mary. D. Wright debate has
been held annually for a number of
years between the Di and Phi literary
societies. The best speaker on the
wanning team of the debate is each
year awarded the Mary D. Wright
debate medal. Bryce Parker was the
medal winner last . year and J. W.
Crew the winner the year before.
Any member of the Phi can try
out for the Phi team tomorrow night,
regardless of whether he is a fresh
man or upper-classman, .
More Jobs Wanted for
Self Help Students
Leonard Requests Residents to . Send
Requests for Help to Y.
Grady Leonard, secretary of the
University Y. M. C. A. self help bu
reau requests that all residents of
the village who need help of any va
riety send in their applications to the
Self Help office. Due to scarcity of
work this office has, at present, more
applications for jobs j than can be
filled. Quite a number; of students
have been supplied with permanent
work through the aid of "this depart
ment, and many more are being furn
ished with "daily jobs.
A large percentage of the students
in the University are earning a part
and ' in some cases, all of their ex
penses through the positions " which
have been found for them by the-Self
Help bureau. : Mr. Leonard is at the
Y every day from 9 a. ni. until 5 p. m.
World in Period of Moral Con
fusion and Doubt, Says
"The world is now passing through
a period of what is generally conceded ,
to be one of moral . confusion and
doubt, but the only way out is to "ex
amine all the facts carefully and ! can
didly and, to exercise toleration," Dr.
A. A. Berle, former professor of Ap
plied Christianity in Tufts College
declared in the University sermon
for the month of January delivered in
Gerrard Hall Sunday night.
Dr. Berle's subject was "The Na
tural ' History of Toleration." He
gave as his opinion that the present
period is no worse morally than oth
er periods, but that the usual for
mulas and standards are being ques
tioned more closely and subjected to
a more intense criticism than ever
before. ' '
"This, is true of social institutions
and doctrines of every kind as well "
as of religion," Dr. Berle asserted.
"Education, law, marriage, the ap
plied sciences, medicine all are
sharing the general confusion and
doubt as to the permanence of the re
ceived standards. In so far as this
leads to revision of ideas and im
proved methods and to more durable
knowledge it is to be welcomed. In
the purely intellectual world this is
a sign of health and growth. In the
realm of morals and behavior it may
or may not indicate growth and it is
often attended with distressing re
sults. In the purely intellectual world
it is a sign of growth and health.
"Toleration is not a thing to be
acquired overnight. It is itself one
of the fine arts,' the result of much
self -discipline, intellectual maturity
(Continued on page four)
WILL DISCUSS. AL
Campus Organization Will Dis
cuss State and National
"Resolved: That Al Smith should
be elected as the next President of
the United States," is the first of a
series of special bills and resolutions
which willi be discussed during "this
quarter by the Dialectic Senate.
For sometime the Senate has con
fined the range of its bill and resolu
tion to the Carolina campus, discuss
ing the various problems, which have
arisen here this year. During the
present quarter the topics will in
clude the npst important points of
National and' State politics. A spec
ial, committee is working on a long
series of bills for the Senate, " and,
the one ih which Al Smith's presiden
tial possibilities will be discussed is
the first of that series.
The 18th amendment to the consti-
stution will be given a hearing at the
next meeting of the Senate which will
be held on February 6. In the pres
ent program the Farm Relief bills,
the Railroad Consolidation bill, the
religious views , of Senator Hefiin of
Alabama and his attack on Catholi
cism, and other important political
issues will be discussed.
Pledges Give Dance
At Carolina Inn
"Winter Social Season Has Auspicious
Opening by Women's Frats.
The winter's social season was . fit
tingly opened Saturday night with
the dance given by the pledges of
sororities. The brilliance of the
the Pi Beta- Phi and Chi Omega
dance at the Carolina Inn indicates
that this will be an unusually gay
winter season, for there are no -les3 ,
than four- dances definitely scheduled
along .with several possible fraternity
dances to enliven' the usual dull win
ter, quarter. . .
""-.The dance begun at nine and just
beforetwelve the first of the winter
affairs ended. The Carolina Buc
caneers were at their best and ' with
the Law School and Grail ; dances
scheduled for this week-end, the Ger
man .Club mid-winter, the week-end
of February the i8th, and the engi
neering , school dance March 2nd, . a
full winter, program is promised for
the University dancers.