TUESDAY, MAY 29, 1945
OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE PUBLICATIONS UNION
SERVING CIVILIAN AND MILITARY STUDENTS AT THE
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL
BARRON MILLS ............
.. Associate Editor
CARROLL POPLIN . . -
BETTIE GAITHER . J.... - ....
STAFF THIS ISSUE
W. H. Hipps, Jr., Mary Hill Gaston, Pat Kelly, Nina Guard, Beverly
Isenberg, Bill Crisp, Harry Bates
Banks Mebane, Lib Jacoby 1
SPORTS REPORTERS: ' .
Irwin Smallwood, Johnny May, Hoyle Shultz
Lois Clarke -Martha
Mary Fierce Johnson Alma Young
Jane Fairiey . Ginny Freeman
Mary Louise Martin
Published Tuesday and Saturday except during vacations, examinations and holidays.
Deadlines Thursday and Sunday. Entered as second class matter at the post office at Chapel
Hill, N. C, under the act of March 8, 1879. Member ASC and Natl Adv. Service, Inc.
TAR HEEL'S FINAL STAND PRESENTED
IN LETTER TO DR. FRIEDERICH
. Chapel Hill, N. C.
May 26, 1945
Dr. Werner P. Friederich
169 White Street . ,
Waverly, 79, Massachusetts !
Dear Dr. Friederich:
Following the suggestion of President Graham and Chan
cellor House that we make some final statement to our readers
in an effort to clear. away the misunderstanding which has sur
rounded the recent discussions of your not being accepted by the
Office of War Information, we are printing this letter to you. Up-,
until this time, we have shunned editorial comment, but now
some of the black clouds of unreason are clearing away, and
we are trying to lay a common understanding among you, the
students, the faculty, the administration, the people of Chapel
Hill, and all citizens (everywhere.
, Z Since one of our functions is the reflection of student
Mint h.t. niip.riiihel.niifta majority of -
JJl,l(bJIUj llJV VV JS KJMVS Vivvwv vrw vww- w --------
students and all people in this college community will wel-
i.. r; f -i"-5 . . ' ' t. .i -i' '-j. T..
come you should you aesire to return toteacn ana siuay
with us. We have not heard one responsible person deny
that you are fit to be a member of this cosmopolitan com
munity known as the University of North Carolina.
Neither do we here deny that you do possess great ability;
we alt hold you to be a, scholarly gentleman, able to ac
complish much in furthering the, wel fare of man. ;
As you stated so ably in your letter to us, the principle of
fair play is the one virtue for which Americans are known
throughout the world. You were examined for the OWI of
ficials who were responsible to a Congress and President se-v
lected by individual baHot by the men and women of America.
These officials who examined you were not appointed by the
will of an individual man who rose to power by means of
purges and assassinations. These officials were not selected by
a mock parliamentary body , which was responsible to one man.
They were selected by the millions of people who live in this
land called America.
-' Men and women in Chapel Hill, exercising a right guaranteed
to them under the Constitution of the United States of America,
brought to the attention of their government agency selected
by their duly elected representatives some facts which they
thought their government should know. These men and women
of Chapel Hill, after knowing you for years and reading your
writings, believed in their hearts and minds that you were not
the person to send across the seas to manage the enemieswhich
had oeen conquered only after years of sweat and blood. Wheth
er or not these people were right or wrong in their judgment
of you does not alter the fact that they had a right to believe
that you were unqualified to govern the people under whose
soil now lie the bodies of American men who died to defend
their native land, and who have defeated these people who ac
cepted blood purges, invasions of neutrals, and abolition of leg
islatures by dictators.
Of course there are many foolish acts by little men con- -nected
with your case,, but you were treated fairly there
being a difference between American fairness and Ameri
can softness. If in 1938 you had been living in Germany
and had written a pamphlet praising the democracies in
the manner you praised the dictatorships in your pamph
let published in America, we dare tosay that when the
victorious allied forces marched into Germany they would
have found your body among those at Erla, Buchenwald,
or Dachau. 4
After Munich, you changed your mind, as did a sizeable min
ority of other Americans. America guarantees to men the
right to change their minds and to live in peace so long as they
do not harm their fellow men. Your fellow Americans here in
Chapel Hill allowed you to change your mind and teach and
study among us, even though you once held a philosophy which
today we know to be completely opposed to human dignity. The
only way in which your fellow citizens here in Chapel Hill have
acted against you was advising their government that they be
lieved that you might not express their will if you went to Ger
many. Unfortunately, many people who tried to defend you so strong
ly in Chapel Hill acted so foolishly that they did you harm. They
began calling each other by ugly names; they used your case
as an opportunity to make public the many prejudices and an
cient misunderstandings which existed among them . They fre
quently forgot you, and began attacking everything and every
body. Many of these people even went so far as to attack the stu
dent newspaper. , In an effort to find some object on which to
throw their emotion, they went through our news accounts with
a fine comb to find errors. The fact that the news stories were
purely factual made them more angry, and they used a device
which is as old as language itself; they centered their attack
upon the meaning of abstract words. We have apologized, and
will apologize again, for the use of "subversive'' or any other
word which might offend the most delicate ear. We deeply re
gret if we in any way misled anybody. We are more than will-.
ing to retract any false statement which we made.
Some persons believe that we should have suppressed
the news in the manner that newspapers have been forced
to suppress news in so many parts of the world. The at
tention which we focused upon the matter not only ful
filled our obligation to our readers to uncover for them
that which they want to know, but also brought into full
view of all those who cared to see the facts on which
many a dark rumor had been based. For weeks your case
--had been whispered around the classrooms, offices, dor
mitories, and homes in Chapel Hill. Many people were
badly misinformed. Some thought that yoji were under
suspect by federal law enforcement officers, others
thought all sorts of wild things. The Tar Heel, an in
strument of free students at a liberal university, de
cided that it was the sacred duty of the free press to act,
regardless of the fact that one side or the other might
attack us. The free press has been attacked many, many
times before by those who would seek to conceal informa
tion, and except in some countries across the seas, the
free press has triumphed!
Contrary to what some slow-tnmking individuals have said,
the free press was on your side, as it is on the side of all people
who want justice and fairness under the American democracy.
The Tar Heel published facts presented by all sides. Al
though we did not have space for any but a small portion of the
many letters we received, letters both praising and denouncing
you were printed side by side. Our news stories presented facts
and opinions derived from many sources.
Along with President Graham, we urge all citizens to
petition the OWI to give you a job in the United States,
for which we believe you are well qualified. As has been
stated before, a job is waiting for you here with our lan
, guage departments. The University has not treated you
; The Tar Heel is willing to co-operate with you and help you.
We did not blast you in our editorials during the heat of the
misunderstanding. Yet you do not owe the student press any
debt for the fair manner in which you were treated, for it is
the sacred obligation of the free press to be fair with everyone,
or else that press ceases to be free. ;
: We want to thank the administration and student body on
your behalf for the fairness they showed toward you. We thank
you for your letter to us, and for your able explanation of your
stand. We now know that many things done for you in Chapel
Hill by those who proposed , to be your friends would not re-
ceive your approval.
It is our hope that you will return to Chapel Hill soon and
that you will visit us at your convenience so that we may help
you regain any prestige which you may have forfeited because
of action which was not your fault.
. Robert Morrison and the ,
Staff of the Tar Heel.
LET THE CAMPUS GO BAREFOOT
Today the Seniors are observing "Barefoot Day," as part of
their last escapades at Carolina. We can distinguish those who
will soon be leaving us by their ten toes.
With shoes carefully rationed, the Seniors have a good idea.
Furthermore, chiropodists tell us that going barefoot has def
inite hygenic value: the feet become stronger and healthier;
corns, athlete foot, weak arches, etc., disappear.
One can easily realize the extreme pleasure derived from
treading over the soft paths of the campus without being mo
lested by one of the many curses of civilization. Think of the
fun of wading through the cool water which collects after rains !
We recommend that during the coming months of warmth all
students take advantage of the great pleasure of going without
shoes. , We even strongly suggest that the legislature and the
commanding officer make the barefoot the official dress for the
faculty and students this summer.
POOR LAUNDRY SERVICE
Many students have been complaining lately about what we
think to be poor laundry service. For some reason, the Univer
sity Laundry is hitting a new low.
There is no doubt that the laundry, like all agencies today, is
working under war time conditions. However, it is strange that
several months ago the laundry was giving relatively good ser
vice. We wonder if new difficulties have arisen since then, and
if so, what these difficulties are.
The Ram Sees . . .
BY AN OLD GOAT
During the week gone by out-in-town coeds have held a monopoly on
out-of-town visitors in the uniform of Uncle Sam. Dick Walton, who's
Gwen Morriss' "Knight in Shining Armor," swapped his white "hoss".for
a flying machine. Since he flew from Mississippi on a three-day pass, he
paid his respects, "etc." to Gwen quite hurriedly but. quite effectively . . .
The girl and the gob seen recently about campus together were Marty
Taylor and- Earl Peacock. And what of the bell-bottoms, Marty? . .
Carlisle Cashion gives a salute to her lieutenant in the Merchant Marine,
Ed Lewis. Cupid is on the wing, but not the fly, Rameses hears.
Joy Gilbert and Sara Garland
are two of a kind. They both wear stairs" were abolished several
beaming smiles to match their weeks ago.
third-finger - left - hand - sparklers. The week-end saw the infirmary
Bob Davis and Fred Chamberlain, as heavily populated as the "Y"
respectively, are the guys that de- at twelve noon on Saturday. Keep
serve congratulatory handshakes ing, each other company were Lou
... from the public at large. Hull, John "Waldrip," and Buddy
Mythology has it that from Pan- Glenn. Visitor traffic under the
dora's box escaped the vices of the "ick" windows was more than a
world, but vice "Temptation" has trifle congested.
been destroyed. Betty Sydenstrick- Saturday evening ATO's were
er's elbow crushed it into count- formal non-champagne "christen
less pieces; however the fact still ers" of Terrace View, five miles on
remains ... it was only a phono- the nose out Greensboro road,
graph record. From the formal flag-raising cere-
Jerry Frankel, in the spirit of mony to the revolving chandelier to
the Old South, was deep in an ex- the' havoc played atop the roof gar
planation of the traditional Con- den the party was a PRIVATE but
federate soldier. Accidentally on riotous success.
purpose, so his date thought, a Chapel Hill leathernecks took
startling touch of realism was Hogan's Lake by storm Saturday.
added by a back-firing automobile. Tree-climbers and water-splashers
Jane Fairly wishes to announce made the picnic a back-to-nature
that her curls are really deep jungle party (incidentally, 'tis said
brown. The three additional colors it wasn't water that Willie Meeks
are merely paint streaks, "proof splashed on the Captain). Al Pol
of the pudding" that she's been an lock and Dick McCallum elected
eager beaver worker at the Alpha themselves chief June McCullough
Gam house renovation . . . "Y" of- entertainers while her date, Larry
ficers who took time out from their Johnson, communed with nature
week-end retreat for palm' reading from a tree-top. (And speaking of
and fortune telling were Cappie the Marines, they didn't take
Capt, Dot Phillips, Kay Farrell, second floor northwest Battle Dorm
Betty Marks, and Lib Henderson by storm. Locked doors and Peace
. . . Scuttlebutt has it that the ju- maker Morrison intervened.)
nior birdmen of the 64th will make Are you a detective ? Rameses
a flying quick return trip to Caro- offers you leavin's from the Pi Phi
lina. Third floor Spencer is holding Saturday treasure hunt. Here are
its breath and counting the days the clues tothe number three:
until this two weeks holdover be- 1. It's just an old beer bottle
gins . . . Jim Dillard, Ed Twohey, afloating on the foam. .......
and Mary Murphy are merely the 2. For maidens who die wonder-better-halves
(? ) of three couples ing Bang, bang!
currently engaged in date-swap- 3. Forgotten by lovers
ping. Developments should be in- Wasted by others )
teresting .'. . Will, some kind per- Ended by suicide,
son please tell Dick Gibson just To the treasure, your guide,
what chairs are really made for ? 'aumjjad usqj ?ua;uoo oijoqoo
. . . 'Tis wondered if a PiKA pledge jaq3iq ?q.M.auios. tftiM. pmbjj
pin is a good substitute for a- Tri- " svja i aoj '&ed aqj jo 2uxm aan
Delta one. "Fish" Salmon convinced -suao; jno apui Xppmb no 'Ayivd
Jo MacMillan that it was O.K. for aqj. jo jpsq jaqo aqj dn apuiu Bqi
a single evening. saieui aq jo auo aj,no jt tt'Ai9
"Laura" has stolen a first place -aoosiq,, aunm audoadds
in the hearts of Carolina music . -nSuis vn mw& auinjaad Aiau 2ui
lovers.- Its haunting melody -jaM m.ovl aa4na 'uosjpio; auuBUBjf
touches a chord of lost dreams and . J0 uodurBji aauuajj anoX
forgotten moments of bliss. ( jj -amsBaj jo;-q3nos-qoma aq
PiKA is mourning the loss of . pUg 'ajouiia aq ou 'JSAiOj,
two of its prominent brothers. Lew flag aqvi 'apop aqj japun :aajq
Mendler, star athlete, left for Char- anp pnaaajj 'oqs Pij aaAau
lotte and the Navy last, week, and s,oqM Maipios aqj 'ans s4Burioa3
Norman DeLancy, Freddy John- jo asq aqj o snduiw aqj ssojoh
son's trombonist, will join Uncle ypvxi 'pod Suxuiuims aqj v q;sq
Sam's forces on June 27th. Another .1001 am 'ano jsnuinn ama umtj-
IT 1 1
loss was suffered when "chairs and
:SH3MSNV N.AVOQ 3JISm
MM M M M 9 JF
The task which faces the Allied
War 'Crimes Commission in London
is almost as mortifying as was the
task of bringing Germany's mili
tary to its knees. Not only are there
numerous problems in the rounding
up of the accused; there is quite a
bit of confusion over just who the
Before Europe's last nasty busi
ness the arrest, trial, and punish
ment of war criminals can even
begin, several perplexing questions
must be settled: What acts consti
tute a war crime? Who have com
mitted such acts? Who shall try
them? How shall they be tried?
What shall be their punishment?
In a country where the common
law system has prevailed for over
a century and a half, these points
of procedure may appear of minor
importance. Such, however, is not
What DOES constitute a war
See CPU, page U
TAR and FEATHERS
By Charles Frank Benbow, Jr.
The students of this University
undertook a project years ago that
has never projected. Each year de
termined students promise to pro
ject the project. It has successfully
defied projection through the years.
The unprojected project plays a
leading role in all student elections
and has a prominent place in all
campaign platforaTjj of all campus
political parties. j
The project whieh scorns projec
tion has been the topic of conver
sation at one time or another among
every group of students on the
Hill. ' '
In the last election one political
party promised to project it in
sixty days, if its slate were elect
ed. The other political party prom
ised to project the unprojected
project but did not commit itself
as to the date of the projection.
The project is yet to be projected.
The "sixty days or bust" gang
unfortunately were not elected.
However, some of them have re
mained in Student Government of
fices. Instead of cooperating with
Bill McKenzie to project the proj
ect, they have thwarted the efforts
of McKenzie. The project has been
used as a political pigskin long
See FEATHERS, page A