REPORTERS 7:00 P.M.
DR. F. S. BROCKMAN
J 3 ft
' 1 ' - - w I 1
Judge J. G. Adams of Asheville
Elected Chairman of Organ
Setting in motion the ma
chinery for operation of the In
stitute of Government, which
-was inaugurated here Friday
night, the final session yesterday
-vvas devoted to a plan of organi
sation. Judge Junius G. Adams, of
Asheville, prominent banker and
lawyer, was unanimously elect
ed chairman of the organization
committee of a board of . trus
tees which is to guide the policies
of the Institute. Other members
of the organization committee
-will include Judge William A:
Devin and Judge M. V. Barnhill.
This committee will outline a
tplan of organization and nomi
nate a full board of Trustees to
"be submitted for confirmation at
-the next meeting.
The various governmental
groups who sent representatives
-to sthe Institute formed the
North Carolina Association of
Governmental Officers, which,
for the time being, will be guid
ed by an Executive Committee
composed of the president and
secretary of each of these gov
ernmental units who together
with representatives of the dif
ferent groups of private citi
zens will constitute an ex-officio
committee of the Institute.
Plans were laid for the first
state-wide school of all groups
of governmental officers to be
Tield in Chapel Hill early in Sep
tember when an attendance of
between 1000 and 15000 is ex
The Institute was the talk of
the University town yesterday.
Most people did not even know
it was being held, for Albert
Coates, professor of state and
local government, who had been
at work on the idea for several
years, withheld any advance pub
licity. He thought it best to in
vite only those who had been
working on the project, he ex
plained. More tlian 300 were on hand
for the opening session Friday
night and they were enthusias
tic about the plan. There was
mot one discordant note. After
(Continued on last page)
UNITED STATES HAS NO MONOPOLY
ON DEPRESSION ASSERTS DR. KNIGHT
University Professor Impressed by Evidences of "Hard Times"
While Making Educational Survey for Iraq Government.
One thing that impressed him
during his travels is that the
United States does not have a
monopoly on the depression,
says Dr. Edgar W. Knight, pro
fessor of education of the the
University, who has just re
turned from Iraq (old Mesopo
tamia) where he went as a mem
ber of the Educational Inquiry
Commission to advise that coun
try about its schools.
The other membqrs of the
commission were Professors
aul M. Monroe and William "
Bagley of Columbia University.
The commission was absent from
this country four months.
During his absence Dr. Knight
visited Egypt, Syria, and Pales
tine, as well as several European
countries. "Signs of the depres
sion were evident everywhere I
ent," he said. ,
Of all of the countries that
I - ' Sss T 1
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Dr. Edgar W. Knight, Univer
sity professor of education has
returned to Chapel Hill after
spending four months in Iraq
making a survey for the govern
ment on educational conditions.
HEAD OF CAROLINA
Two Hundred Scientists Attend
Business Meeting of Group at
Wake Forest College.
J. B. Bullitt of the University
was elected - president of the
North Carolina Academy of Sci
ence by approximately 200 sci
entists in attendance at its thirty-first
annual session. (
Earl H. Hall of North Caro
lina College for Women was
named vice-president and H. R.
Totten was re-elected secretary.
Charles M. Heck of North Caro
lina State College was appointed
new member of the executive
Friday's general session was
taken up with the presentation
of numerous papers, the high
light being one presented by Dr.
F. A. Wolf of Duke University,
retiring president of the Aca
demy, on a disease of tobacco
plants known as "Frenching."
Saturday the various units of
the Academy met at which time
more detailed papers were read
on specific problems in chemis
try, mathematics, and physics.
A silver loving cup was award
ed to Miss Frances Katherine
Faust of Greensboro high school
for the best high school essay in
the field of chemistry and phys
have come prominently before
the notice of the world in the
past two decades, none has pro
voked such wide discussion or
aroused such storm of praise as
Iraq, that fertile region that
lies between the Tigris ' and
Euphrates rivers, and one of . the
earliest cradles of civilization,
Dr. Knight said.
"The present territory of the
kingdom of Iraq is roughly about
three times the size of Nortl
Carolina," he explained. "To
the north lies Turkish Kurdis
tan, to the east Persia, on the
west are Arabian and Syrian
deserts, and on the south the
Persian Gulf and Kuweit. The
country has a population of
about three million, chiefly
Arabic, with about one-half mil
lion Kurds in the northeastern
part. Nine-tenths or more of
(Continued on page three)
CHAPEL HILL, N. C SUNDAY, MAY 8, 1932
Commencement Of 1847 Honored
By Presence Of President Polk
University's Famous Son Brought National Attention to Insti
tution by Attending Graduation Functions; Matthew F.
Maury and Other Notables in Company.
Probably the most famous and
most interesting commencement
in the history of the University
wras that of 1847, when James K.
Polk, then president of the
United States, attended the ex
ercises. National recognition
was brought to the University as
a result of the visit of President
Polk, who was himself an alum
nus, Accepting the urgent ' invita
tion of President Swain, Polk ar
rived with his suite in carriages
from Raleigh. Besides his wife,
there were in his company when
he arrived in Chapel Hill, Lieu
tenant Matthew F. Maury of the
United States Naval Observa
tory, the noted geographer and
astronomer ; Secretary John
Young Mason, a college-mate of
Polk's ; Branch, an ex-governor,
both of North Carolina and Flor
ida Governor William A. Gra
ham ; ex-governor John M. More
head ; and other prominent men.
Battle Records Arrival
Battlevtells of their arrival in
his History of the University of
North Carolina: VThe faculty
WILL PLAY FINAL
PROGMM MAY 11
University Orchestra Will Pre
sent Annual Spring Concert
In Hill Music Hall.
The University Symphony Or
chestra under the direction of
Professor H. S. Dyer, head of the
University school of music, will
give its annual spring concert,
also its final concert of the year,
in Hill music hall Wednesday
night, May 11, at 8:30 o'clock.
Professor T. Smith McCorkle
of the music department will be
the soloist in' the principal num
ber on the program, the Mendels
sohn violin concerto.
The program for this concert
has unusual variety. In form it
embraces a symphony, a concer
to, and two suites based on folk
idioms. In nationality it repre-r
sents a Norwegian, a French, an
Austrian, and an English com
poser. The numbers are as fol
lows: (I) Suite from Sigurd
J or sal far, by Edvard Grieg; In
troduction (Allegreto semplice)
and Triumphal March (Allegro
Molto). (II) Concerto, E.
Minor, by Felix Mendelssohn,
Allegro molto apassionato, An
dante, Allegro non troppo, and
Allegro vivace, (III) Sym
phony in D Minor (first move
ment), by Cesar Franck. (IV)
Suite from Nell Gwyn, by Ed
ward German, Country Dance,
Pastoral Danse, and Merrymak
WEEKS HEADS STUDENT FEDERATION
Hey wood Weeks, president of the student body of the
University, was elected president of the North Carolina State
Federation of Students at its annual meeting in Greensboro
this past week-end. The vote was thirty to eight.
Delegates of fifteen colleges the universities of this state
went on record as favoring a simultaneous meeting of all
student organizations which, while preserving their separate
identities, would mean a saving in time, convention expense,
travel expense, and the possibilities of attracting better
Other officers elected were WT. L. Smith of Catawba, vice
president; Eloise Cobb of N. C. C, secretary; and Mary
Siewers of Salem, treasurer. .
and students in double line re
ceived them at the hotel. After
allowing a short while for brush
ing off the dust of the journey,
the visitors were conducted to
Gerrard hall, where they were
received with enthusiasm, such
as students know how to accord."
Miss Nancy Hilliard, proprie
tress of the hotel which has been
superseded by the Carolina Inn,
had a special addition made to
her building to receive the Presi
dent. This addition was known
as Polk Annex, and was later
used as a dormitory.
Company Attended Exercises
Polk and his company attend
ed all the exercises. In the
graduating class were brilliant
James Johnston Pettigrew, of
Civil War Fame, and Matt W.
Ransom, second to Pettigrew in
scholarship but first in his class
in oratorical ability. Lieuten
ant Maury was so struck with
Pettigrew's brilliancy that he of
fered him a position at the Na
tional Observatory, which he ac
cepted. , (Continued on page three)
University Professor of Edu
cation Speaks at Aurelian
. Springs Commencement.
The view that too much money
jhas been spent on North Caro
lina schools was challenged -by
Professor C. E. Mcintosh, secre
tary of the school of education
of the University of North Caro
lina, in a commencement address
before an audience of 1,000 peo
ple at the graduating exercises
of the Aurelian Springs consoli
dated school there last week.
"All the subdivisions of the
state, taken as a whole, owe
more than four times as much
for other things than they owe
for the schools now located in
the state," Professor Mcintosh
said, explaining that he took his
figures from the report of the
State Tax Commission.
The speaker listed Cleveland,
Mecklenburg, Forsyth and Dav
idson in a group of the fixed
counties whose public debt av
eraged 1.5 per cent of their list
ed property, and showed that
these counties f averaged owing
3.7 times as much for other
things as for schools.
The 1930 report of the State
Tax Commission, he said, re
vealed that the state now owned
$74,975,000 for schools, and
$301,053,901 for "other than
(Continued on last page)
Dr. Fletcher S. Brockman,
brought to the campus under the
auspices of the Y. M. C. A., will
conduct vesper services today at
5 :30 under Davie poplar, and de
liver a two-day lecture series.
OPEN SERIES OF
Friendship Committee Secretary
Will Deliver First Address
Dr. Fletcher Sims Brockman,
secretary of the committee for
the promotion of friendship be
tween the United States and the
Far Eeast, will speak in Chapel
Hill today and tomorrow.
Dr. Brockman's first lecture
will be given in the Presbyterian
church this morning at 11:00
a. m. He will discuss the Far
East in Graham Memorial the
same afternoon at 4:30, and at
5:30, he will, conduct a vesper
service under Davie Poplar.
Monday morning at 11 :00
o'clock he will meet a seminar
of the combined fine arts -classes
of the University-f or the presen
tation of an effort to preserve
culture and classics. At 12:00
o'clock he will meet a. seminar of
the combined classes of history
and government for a message
on friendship between America
and the Far East. At 7 : 15 he
will meet with the combined cab
inets of the University Y. M. C.
His last appearance will be at
8:30 in Gerrard hall Monday
night when he will deliver a pub
lic address on "Trouble in the
Far East." .
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UNIVERSITY ALUMNUS DESCRIBES
IM OF STUDENTS AT CAMBRIDGE
Matthew Gilmour, Class of '31, Declares Cambridge Far More
Interesting Than Oxford ; Says Tea Is Weapon, of Peace.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
are extracts from a letter to Dr. J.
P. Harland by Matthew" Gilmour de
scribing a student's life at Cambridge.
Gilmour is now attending Westminster
College, Cambridge University, having
received his A.B. degree from the
University last year.)
By Matthew Gilmour
Of course, there is no steam
heat. I shiver and shake over a
grate-fire and the part of me
that is most cold is .farthest
away. I sit sidewise with feet
crossed and almost on. the red
hot coals. After toasting one
foot to a nice brown, I recross
my legs and toast the other foot
for a while. J crouch over the
flames as if life depended on it
as you know, it is a clammy
dampness and get cramps in
getting warmth on my chest, and
hold a book in front of a flushed
face, with elbows on my knee.
Then when I go out, I muffle up.
But it's a great life. All sorts
STORES TO ME
Merchants Concur With Custom
By Offering Graduating Men
Gifts During Week.
With the Chapel Hill 'mer
chants offering special privileg
es to the members of the class,
the seniors will begin the festiv
ities attendant upon annual Se
nior Week tomorrow. The or
ganized plans for the week will
get underway with a smoker to
At this smoker J. Maryon
Saunders, alumni secretary, will
speak on "Alumni" and the group
will also be addressed by Felix
Grisette. Bill Stringfellow and
his Orchestra have been selected
to furnish music for the occa
sion. Kemp Lewis, president of the
Alumni Association, has been se
cured for Wednesday night's
talk under Davie Poplar while
other prominent men will also
speak at the same place Tuesday
and Thursday night.
Merchants Fete Seniors
The Chapel Hill merchants,
a meeting Friday night, decided
to accord special privileges to
those seniors wearing regalia as
has been customary in the past.
Monday th Pritchard-Lloyd
drug store offers gratis to se
niors ice cream and soda drinks
to the extent of ten cents, while
Bateman's Smoke Shop will ac
cord the same privilege. Eu
banks drug store will offer ice
cream and fountain drinks to the
extent of five cents free on the
Free Show and Peanuts
E. Carrington Smith, of the
Carolina theatre, will give a mid
night show for the seniors Mon
day and Thomas's Campus Con
fectionery will supply peanuts
Monday through Thursday
Johnson-Prevost Dry Cleaning
Company will clean gratis one
tie per senior while Hill Dry
Cleaners will do the same Mon
day through Wednesday.
On Monday the Carolina Con
fectionery and Sutton's drug
store will accord the same privi-.
leges as Pritchard-Lloyd drug
store has announced.
Regalia-attired seniors will
receive the special rate of twenty
(Continued on last page)
of interesting "people. The cele
brities seem to gather a small
coterie and there are formal and
informal "salons" over tea, or
something stronger for less seri
ous conversation and conversa
tion, as you know, is here an art
and not a pastime.
Although tragic, it has been a
most fascinating year for Eng
land. One night during the
stormy election I came by Parlia
ment, late at night The lamp
was still burning over "Big Ben,"
indicating that Parliament was
still sitting. A huge mob had
rushed Parliament gates but had
been beaten back by Bobbies
men had been yanked down from
lamp posts. '
We were help up some time at
Oxford Circus and Totenham
Court Road by the parade which
had formed. They were allowed
to parade and shout to their
(Continued on next page)