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VOLUME XLIX b-: ar ,ss4 CHAPEL HIIJTtUESDAY, FEBRUAKY 4. 1941 iustoriJ7: Hm, NUMBER94
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INTRIGUED AND EXCITED by their little" Piper Cub training plane
are these two students, typical of those who, while learning to fly, also
helped pile up the mathematical mass in the story below.
With Only Four Accidents,
CAA Pilots Fly 1,640 Hours
Covering 25,000 Air-Miles
By Paul Komisarak
They flew a grand total of 25,000 miles in 1,640 hours without
one serious accident, only four slight mishaps, and finished their
course with 17 of them full-fledged pilots and a number of others
ready for their final flight tests.
Inrumiing up this interesting record, 39 University students who
have just completed the Civil Aeronautics authority fall quarter
course, made 802 successful landings
and takeoff s and burned 7,500 gallons
These figures, released yesterday by
V. R. Mann, airport manager, showed
a cost of approximately $2,000 for gas
and oil alone, and. an ability on the
part of Carolina's student aviators to
keep clear of trouble. Mann said that
of the total distance covered, 125,000
miles, or once around the world, the
23 students did half of the distance
5yicg solo. " - . "' '
Complete Records Lost In Fire .
An estimated cost of the entire pro
gram is impossible at the present,
ilan revealed, since all records went
up in flames with the 10 planes, one
hangar, engine log books and three
parachutes that were demolished when
the airport burned down last month.
The $2,000 for gas and oil, however,
are only a fraction of the entire oper
ating cost, Mann explained. Insurance
costs, depreciation, hangar repairs,
and general maintenance figures were
ur.able to be gathered.
"Those motors," Mann said, were
"really working." The engines turn
about 23,000 times a minute, they
See CAA, page
On February 15
Comprehensive examinations for stu
ccnts in the College of Arts and
Sciences and the Commerce school will
k given February 15, it was an
nounced yesterday. All candidates for
kgree3 in either school must pass the
All those who take the examinations
ffiust have the registration form which
they filled out at the beginning of the
quarter and must not be taking more
than 15 hours of class work this quar
ter. The passing mark for the exam
is between C and D and papers of un
usual merit will be marked, "passed
Students eligible for the comprehen
5ive are those who have completed all
but seven of the courses required for
&e-r particular degree. They must
ave also passed at least four courses
r equivalent in their major subject.
Benchley Movies, Glass Blowing, Charts
Feature Department Exhibits Tomorrow
Movies with Robert Benchley andnounced plans for individual exhibits
South America and football, scientific in many of the campus, buildings and
aionstraUons of glass blowing, cos- a joint display of several departments
oic ray detecting and tests for color
ndness, charts showing the way
J-rwigh an English department, and
tte Philosophic background of fascism
ajid communism, reconstructions of an
jit and medieval, civilizations
th are highlights planned to sugar
instructional exhibits with enter
Jwnent features on Student-Faculty
oy Armstrong, Syd Alexander and
.aIla McConnell, joint chairmen for
ePartmental exhibits, last night an-
rw T "I J
i earns ueDaxe
Debaters from the University of
Pennsylvania Sunday night tangled
with a Carolina . team on the concen
tration of power in the federal gov
ernment in a public debate sponsored
by the Debate council
Graham Carlton and Elsie Lyon,
Carolina debaters, argued the affirma
tive of the proposition, "Resolved, that
the present trend toward concentra
tion of power in the Federal govern
ment Is for the best interests of the
nation," while Leonard Joseph and
Mitchell Cooper, representing Penn
sylvania, took the negative.
Introducing the affirmative argu
ments, Graham Carlton stressed that
concentration of power in the federal
government "provides more efficient
and uniform action than could be ob
tained from state action," and that it
"arouses a sense of patriotism and na
tional unity in the people." .
For the Negative
Leonard Joseph, first speaker for
the negative, stated that there was no
need of further increasing the powers
of the federal government, since they
already have adequate powers to deal
See DEBATE, page 4.
Same Old Story
i - -
That short but urgent meeting of
the Daily Tar Heel news, editorial,
feature, and sports staffs scheduled
originally for Sunday will be held
today in the office at 1 :45.
The threats made in announcing
Sunday's meeting will hold good for
Those other than regular staff
members requested to attend are:
W. J. Smith, Irwin Henderson,
Randall McLeod, Steve Peck,' Jimmy
Walker, E. T. Rollins, John Feuch
tenberger, Bill Mehaffey, Pick
Rancke, June Love, Roy Stroud, and
in the reserve room of the library.
Hours for exhibits are 11 to 1
o'clock and 2:30..to 4:30.
The science departments are hold
ing open house in their respective hab
itats. Dr. R. E. Bost reports that down
in Veiiable there will be demonstra
tions of liquid air and glass blowing
from 11 to 12:30. Botany in the lobby
of Davie hall will offer an aquarium
complete with fish, snails, aquatic
plants and students to introduce
In East Africa
By United Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 3 Viscount
Halifax, Great Britain's new ambas
sador to the United States, was cri
ticized today during House debate on
President Roosevelt's British-aid bill
for initiating personal . conferences
with Democratic Congressional leaders
over the weekend.
The diplomat conferred with Chair
man Walter F. George, Democrat csf
Georgia, of the Senate foreign rela
tions committee; Chairman Sol Bloom,
Democrat of New York, of the House
foreign affairs committee; Vice-President
Henry A. Wallace; and Speaker
of the House Sam Rayburn, Democrat
of Texas. j
Taking the floor today in opposition
to the bill, Representative Everett
Dirksen, Republican of Illinois,
charged that the conference repre
sented "extraordinary procedure" and
demanded that Congress be advised
what the ambassador said, "if he dis
cussed time-tables or the urgency of
action" on the legislation.
Bloom said that he merely ex
plained to the diplomat the procedure
under which the House would consider
While there was a tendency among
Congressional leaders to minimize the
importance of Dirksen's criticism,
non-interventionists studied it with a
view to including the diplomat's con-
ferences m their fight on the measure.
CAIRO, Feb. a An Italian army of
200.000 men tonight faced dismem
berment and entrapment as -British
Emuire forces smashed deeper into
Benito Mussolini's East African era
pire on five fronts after seizing the
Eritrean -town of Barentu, military
Strategic Barentu, 70 miles inside
Eritrea near the Ethiopian border, fell
Sunday barely 24 hours after the Brit
ish eanture of the railroad town of
Ae-ordat 40 miles northward, after
See NEWS BRIEFS, page 1.
To S-F Tryoiits
Final trvouts for skits in Sound
and Fury's forthcoming revue,
"Standine Room Only," will be held
this afternoon jfrom 2 to 6 o'clock in
Memorial hall. All those who were
unable to attend Monday's tryouts,
especially coeds, were urged yesterday
hv President Carroll McGaughey to
be present today.
"There are a large number of parts
in the skits, ranging from President
Roosevelt and. drunks to Petty-figured
coeds and the conventional Carolina
eentlemen." President Carroll ' Mc
Gaughey assured all interested stu
dents. "If you have any acting ability,
we want you. If you don't think you
have any and you're presentable-look- jj open Thnrsday m0rning and con
ing, we want you, too. You may be ti throueh the evening banquet.
just the type we need. If you're not
presentable-looking, come out anyway.
We can use you to represent certain
"All Sound and Fury members, par
ticularly those who are not in any of
the musical numbers or primarily in
terested in technical work, will be re
ceived with open arms at the tryouts.
If they look like Dyckman, Johnston,
Futrelle, or any of our other person
able coed members, the reception will
be overwhelming in its enthusiasm."
visitors. In the new zoology building
Dr. R. E. Coker will have exhibits
of microscopic and embryologic work.
Dr. A. E. Ruark will have nhvsics
students and teachers demonstrating
sound and electric waves, vacuum 1
tubes, short wave radio transmission
and reception and discharge of elec
tricity through gases.
Psychology's J. F. Dashiell will be
all set in New West 101 and 110 with
as many experiments to 'try out on
visitors as they would find in a car
nival's "House of Mirrors." Guests
may take tests for illusions in seeing,
See EXHIBITS, page 4-
il l w 9 i
A TOUGH JOB have President Frank P. Graham and Controller W. D.
Carmichael tomorrow when they seek to restore all or part of the Uni
versity's budget request; which was sliced more- than a million dollars by
the advisory budget commission.' Tomorrow they will present their case"
before the joint legislative committee on appropriations. Later this
month the budget cycle ends on the floor of both houses of the legiilature.
Officials Continue Struggle
For Adequate Appropriations
Before Committee Tomorrow
By Bucky Harward
President Frank Graham and Controller W. D.
again step into the budget arena
m0rrow before the state legislature's joint appropriations con
I m:ftpfi f Tr th GrPtPr T7ni-
versifys need for over a million dol
lars increase in expenditures for the
The appearance of the University's
representatives will be the last in two
hectic weeks of hearings held for
statersupported agencies- trying, to re
gain the cuts made in their budget re
quests by the state budget commis
sion. Early last fall departmental heads
here and at State and the Woman's col
lege began to make out requests for
sums which they needed. These re
quests were submitted to the adminis
trative deans and assistant controllers
at Carolina R. B. House and L. B.
Rogerson did the work who pared
the departmental budgets down to
More cutting, accounting and mental
gymnastics took place in the offices of
See OFFICIALS, page 4.
Alumni To Meet
TTp-pp TTl 11 FQHpV
AAClC A OUdJ
Hugh Walpole, Captain R. S. Hag-
gart, and President Frank P. Graham
will be the principal speakers at the
annual Alumni assembly of the Uni
versity, which will be held here Thurs
day and which is expected to
alumni leaders from throughout the
Themeeting, which is the annual
business session of the association.
Secretary J. M. Saunders, who an
nounced the program today, is in
charge of arrangements, and Presi
dent Fred Sutton of Kinston will pre
side. President Graham will outline the
University's budget request to the
alumni, while Captain Haggart will
discuss the University s new Naval
R. O. T. C. unit, of which he is in
command. Walpole, who is a cousin
of the famous writer of the same
name, will talk on the "Basic English"
course which he is teaching here this
quarter for the visiting South Ameri
The association's officers for the
new year will be nominated at the fi
nal banquet session, andV in the after
noon the alumni will visit departmen
tal exhibits held over from Student-
Faculty day for their benefit.
Y-Y Takes Frosh
13S a4-hmA Tniloir
Yackety Yack pictures of fresh-
men whose names begin with let
ters A-G will be made this morning
at -10:30 on the steps of the Li-x
"This is your only chance to have
your picture made, JLrditor uyra
Merrill stated, "urging all members
of this group to be present.
when they appear in Raleigh to-
Di, Phi Plan
Up for Discussion
Inviting the general public to to
night's sessions, . both the Di Senate
and Phi Assembly, oldest campus or
ganizations, yesterday announced de
bates on the Roosevelt administration's
"loan-lease" bilL The meetings will be
held in the organizations respective
halls in New West and New East to
night at 7:15.
Professors E. J. Woodhouse and H.
K. Beale will open the Phi discussion
with addresses on the bill, "Resolved,
that the Phi Assembly should adopt the
President's 'loan-lease' bill."
Dr, Woodhouse, who advocates all
possible aid to Great Britain, will lead
the forces favoring the bill, while Dr.
Beale will be chief of opposition.
The Di Senate will discuss the bill,
"Resolved, that the Dialectic Senate go
on record as favoring the 'lend-lease'
bill now before Congress." Opening
the debate will be Senators Jennie
Wells Newsome and Cornelia Clark,
! wh0 oppose the bill, and Ed Hobbs,
supporting lu vopies oi me uui nave
been sent to all the senators in order
to stimulate debate, the executive
committee announced yesterday.
All members of the collections
staff of the Daily Tar Heel are
asked to report to the business of
fice today. It is very important
that all collectors be present prompt
ly at 2 o'clock.
Something drastic might happen
if you don't! -
Peruvian Congressman Says
. I .... .
By Shirley Hobbs
Unemployment staring millions of
United States citizens in the face
also is threatening all of South Amer
ica, Santiago de Mayola, " youngest
congressman in Peru, said here yes
terday.. . . t . - .
Cutting off of foreign trade was
ascribed as the cause of the "very se
rious problem." '
De Mayelo is a delegate from Lima
to the six-week "summer school" for
South Americans now being held at
the University. The 27-year-old Latin
has been one of the 140 representatives
in the Peruvian house for a year and
three months. ' .
He says, "We cannot employ a large
number of men to mine our silver, cop
"It's Freddie Johnson and his or
chestra for the Shipwreck Shuffle to
morrow night," Jick Garland, "chair
man of the Student-Faculty day dance
committee, said yesterday as final
plans were disclosed for Carolina's
seventh annual 15 hours of uninter
rupted socializing between teachers
With no classes to interfere and the
University exhibiting its "Century of
Progress" as an informal theme of the
day, Carolina's celebration will be de
signed to help in establishing lasting,
friendly relations between students
Tomorrow's program will begin at
10:30 in Memorial hall with the coro
nation of a campus king and queen,
selected in a special election last week.
Identity of the royal couple and at
tendants will be a secret until tomor
row morning, but Ed Maner, chairman
of the election committee, disclosed
yesterday that 850 votes were cast in
the balloting. -
NROTC to Drill
Last year's king, Sherman Smith,
will preside at the coronation, after
which the Naval ROTC unit will stage
a special review in front of South
Following the drill, departmental
exhibits, stressing University prog
ress, will open at 11 o'clock and will
remain open until 1 o'clock.
Faculty members will be entertained
at lunch by the students, and exhibits
will be opened again after lunch. Stu
dents dining with faculty members
bring to mind stories of University
historians who maintain . that such an
occasion 50, years ago would have been
virtually impossible, and recall the
two occasions that the University was
closed because of riots between stu
dents and faculty; riots that on one
occasion saw the dozen or so faculty
members flee the University.
Original plans to hold a Carnival as
feature of the afternoon's program
were cancelled yesterday. Bxe Grainger,
See STUDENT-FACULTY, page A.
Of Art Gallery
"With over 200 'Friends of Person
Hall' attending, the preview showing
Sunday night of original Vincent Van
Gogh paintings marks the beginning
of widespread expansion of the activi
ties of the art department," Director
John V. Allcott said yesterday.
"There are great possibilities for
the development of Person hall as a
center of art activity on the campus
and in the state,"- Allcott declared.
f'With The Friends of . Person Hall'
to give us financial as well as moral
encouragement, this, expansion now
Sunday night the "Frienda of Per
son Hall" met, at a preview opening
of one of the finest exhibits, ever to
show in the gallery, and heard Allcott
outline his plans.
Galleries Symbolize Department
"All of these activities of the depart
ment must be financially aided," All
cott declared, "in order to fulfill their
possibilities and purpose."
per, vanadium and gold when we can
not sell it. We have to pay the equiva
lent of $6.50 for one dollar in the
United States. Such an unfavorable
exchange keeps us from looking to the
'United States for an outlet."
Antunez De Mayolo has no hope that
Peruvian cotton will go to the United
States because here the machines are
made to handle short fibers, and Peru
vian cotton has long fibers. He says
the government is handling the unem
ployment problem by having unem
ployed men build roads and hospitals
which play a large part in the program
for the defense of South America.
There is no dole in Peru.
Antunez De Mayolo compares the
See PERUVIAN, page 4.