U N C LIBRARY
CHAPEL HILL, 11, C.
Bomb is owned by "two par
ties," says Soviet delegate.
Story on page 4.
Considerable cloudiness with
scattered light showers.
CHAPEL HILL, N, C. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1950
t-x- c..v v,..
THE U.S.S. MISSOURI BOMBARDS Chong-Ji. Korea, with
her lS-inch guns. It is the first time the 'Big Mo' has traveled so
far on a bombarding mission. Chong-Ji is approximately 120 miles
from the Rusian base of Vladivostok and 33 miles from the Soviet
TOKYO, Tuesday, Oct. 24 (UP) United Nations forces
swarmed over the -rugged North Korean countryside toward
the Manchurian and Russian borders today in a race to save
150 American prisoners from a Communist "death train" and
end the four-month-old Korean war.
'One spearhead of the victorious 100,000-man United
- Nations army was-within 48 miles
! . I of Chinese Communist Manchur
Dr. Otto Andersson, professor
in the Swedish University of Abo,
Finland, a distinguished musicol
ogist and folklorist, will give two
lectures here tomorrow and
Tomorrow night's lecture,
scheduled for 8:30 in Graham
Memorial main lounge, will con
cern "Folk Music and Art Mus
ic." Thursday night at the same
hour he will talk in the faculty
lounge of Morehead Planetarium
on "Folk Music in Finland."
Dr. Andersson is a native of
Finland and was a pupil of Von
Wegelius' at Helsingfors. A , com
poser of Finnish songs and for
some time a choir director, he
taught at the University of Hel
singfors. His books include studies on
the musical history of Finland and
a biography of the composer We
gelius. Besides being a scholar in his
field, he sings Finnish and other
Swedish folksongs, accompanying
himself on a guitar or other in
strument. Dr. Andersson is being brought
to Chapel Hill under the auspices
of the University Folklore Coun
cil, the North Carolina Folklore
Society, and the Graham Mem
orial Student Union.
Dr. A. P. Hudson, secretary of
ths Folklore-Society, said that the
public will be admitted free and
all students will be welcome.
L.ONDON, Oct. 23 (P) Rus
sian Deputy Premier Vyacheslav.
M. Molotov has returned to Mos
cow after attending the confer
ence of Soviet-bloc countries in
Prague, Czechoslovakia, last
(Sec MOLOTOV, page 4)
Gordon Gray will be saluted
on special program ionighl
Association of Broadcasters.
Participating in the program
will be almost every station in
the stale. The program is part
of sessions now being held by
1 , V
ia. Another was driving on the
east coast toward Chongjin, a
major port 50 miles from the
The Allies already had polished
off most of the North Korean
Army in their , five-week offen
sive. Now they were racing for
the border to claim a complete
victory and unify the divided and
broken country which was
plunged into war at 4 a. m., June
Their prime objective at the
moment, however, was to try to
rescue the American prisoners,
who were reported to be aboard
the Red "death train" rolling
toward Manchuria. The Ncrth Ko
reans already had chalked up on
their bloody slate the murders of
20,000 South Koreans and 300
American prisoners. This did not
include the 100 men taken from
the train and shot down near a
tunnel north of Pyongyang
. Top priority was! given the
effort to prevent more atrocities.
Two task forces of the Republic
of Korea 1st Division searched the
countryside in their so far futile
attempt to rescue the men, rem
nants of a sick and hungry group
which was herded out of Pyong
yang just before it fell.
The ROK 6th Division led in
the race for the North Korean
border. Last reports put it across
the Chongchon River, two miles
north of Juichon and 28 miles
south of Manchuria. Juichon is 50
(See KOREA, page 4)
Stubborncss Pays Off
Rise Stevens Career Significant
Of 'Hard Work Brings Success
By Charlie Brewer
Rise Stevens, internationally
famous star of opera, concert, ra
dio, screen, and recordings would
probably riot be appearing in a
concert Thursday night in Me
morial Hall, or in concert at all,
if she had listened to reason.
When the New York born art
ist was studying at Manhattan's
Juilliard School of Music, she
tolH that she wasn't glam-
j orous enough for ope, "" '"
Rut sne pruuetucu
concentrate on operatic roles.
Soon Metropolitan opera wu.
notice of the brilliant young
singer and offered her a con
tract, the coveted goal of every
In Draft Limit
Might Be Called
In Short. Time
WASHINGTON, Oct. 23 (UP)
Chairman Carl Vinson revealed
today that his House Armed
Services Committee is consider
ing extending the draft from 21
months to two years and said
it probably will be necessary to
call men who are now draft
proof. WASHINGTON. - Oct. 23
(UP) Defense Secretary Geor
ge C. Marshall tonight ordered
the Armed Forces lo release
reservists recalled to active duty
involuntarily as soon as they
are thoroughly trained and
enough draftees or volunteers
are on hand to replace them.
He also said Congress might
be fooling itself if it enacts Uni
versal Military Service because
there may not be -enough men to
fuel both the draft and UMT. The
best thing, he said, would be to
call up youths for two years' ser
vice when they turn 19.
The Georgia democrat outlined
his views in a copyrighted inter
view in U. S .News & World Re
port, weekly news magazine, , in
which he also:
Called for the rotation of Na
tional Guard units pressed into
Federal service so a few states
don't have to make all the sac
rifices. He said the military
forces should set a ceiling on the
service of guard divisions and
then replace them with others.
Proposed building the Marine
Corps to 200,000-man strength
plus 24 Marine air squadrons. He
said the Leathernecks could be
used "quite effectively" if his
hope is realized and the United
Nations succeed in setting up an
effective international police
"First String Concerto" by
Martha Nell Hardy will be the
first student production by the
Carolina Playmakers on Friday
and Saturday nights, at 7:30 in
the Playmakers Theatre. Admis
sion is free.
The play, under the dircetion
of Nathaniel White, is an origi
nal three-act comedy relating the
hilariotis antics of psychologists,
piefessors, and football players
on a college campus. It was writ
ten in a playwrighting course
here during the spring and sum
mer of 1950.
Mrs. Hardy is the wife of
William Hardy, general manager
of "The Lost Colony" at Manteo,
N. C. Her play will be submitted
(See PLAYMAKERS, page 4)
young artist. Displaying rare
common sense and discretion,
Rise declined, believing she need
ed more stage experience, and set
off for Europe. She won an au
dition at the Opera House in
Prague, Czechoslovakia, and im
mediately was engaged for lead
Vienna, Cairo, and Buenos
Aires were important steps on
the Stevens opera-path which
brought her back to the United
States and a sensational debut
at the Metropolitan Opera House
in "Mignon" on December 17,
1938. When she made box-office
history in "Der Rosenkavalir,"
the powers-that-be typecast her
forthwith in boy roles. "The
UN Day Ceremony
Set For 10:15 Today
Classes Dismissed 5 Minutes Early
So That All Students May Attend
By Russell Baldwin
Students and townspeople will gather around the steps
of South Building this morning at 10:45 to celebrate United
Nations Day with a flag-raising ceremony. In case of rain,
the ceremony will be moved to Memorial Hall.
Two UN flags will be presented, one to the University
From U. Ga f
Bv Daily Tar Heel Wire Services ?:
ATLANTA, Ga., Oct. 23 In
the face of rising political opposi
tion here, a test case involving
Negro admission to the University
of Georgia is now in the offing.
A spokesman for the State
Board of Regents here said last
week that a Negro law school
applicant had turned down the
Board's offer of financial aid to
send him to an out-of-state
school in favor of - seeking en
trance to the university at Athens.
The spokesman said that it is
customary in the cases of Ne
groes applying for admission to
the state university to offer them
financial aid to attend comparable
institutions in other states.
Of a number of Negroes that
have applied for admission to the
University of Georgia Law and
Graduate schools in recent weeks,
only one, Horace Ward, 23, has
refused the offer. C
"I must decline the proffered
out-of-state aid," Ward informed
the Board. " -
Here in Atlanta, Roy Harris,
Augusta politician and advisor to
Governor Herman Talmadge,
quoted an unnamed source as
predicting that if segregation is
ended in Georgia schools, there
will be attempts in at least 50
of the state's 159 counties to
run out the Negro population.
In his political - weekly, The
Augusta Courier, Harris discussed
a pending suit to end segregation
in Atlanta and quoted an "in
formant" as saying that there
would "be at least 50 counties , in
Georgia in which there would. be
no Negroes six months after a
court decision went into effect
(See NEGRO, page 4)
RALEIGH, Oct. 23 (P) Ad
dresses by leaders in the dental
profession and election of offi
cers will highlight tomorrow's
meeting here of the Fourth Dis
trict. Dental Society.
Dr. John C. Brauer, Dean of the
School of Dentistry of the Uni
versity of North Carolina, is
scheduled to address the morning
session. In the afternoon. Dr. R. E.
Sturdevant of the University of
North Carolina School of Den
tistry will deliver a talk". A series
of table clinics will follow his
public won't accept you as a
'femme f atale', " she was told
bluntly. Rise wouldn't listen. Aj
few years later she scored a huge
hit in the operatic department
of sultry females, and today
"Carmen" and Rise Stevens are
Every winter she fills engage
ments at the New York Opera
House, appearing in "Der Rosen
kavalier," "Carmen," "La Gio
eonds," "Mignon," "A Marriage
of Figaro," "Samson and Delilah,"
"Hansel and Gretel," and others.
The most recent event in her
career was her debut this past
summer with the Paris Grand
and one to the town, by Mrs. C.
W. Stanford of the Orange County
Home Demonstration Club. They
will be carried by members of
the Air Force and Navy ROTC
Chancellor Robert B. House
will receive the flag on behalf
of the University. The other will
be accepted by Mayor pro-tem
R. J. M. Hobbs for the towrT of
Ten o'clock classes will be dis
missed five minutes early, and
11 o'clock classes will begin five
minutes late in order to permit
all students to attend the
The local merchants will close
up shop at 10:35 so their em
ployees may -participate in the
joint University-town commem
oration of the UN's fifth anni
versary. Tonight at eight o'clock the
foreign students on campus will
pitch a party in the Rendezvous
Room featuring native costumes
and native dances, according to
Jim Wilson, chairman of the
University UN Day committee.
Wilson emphasized that the party
is open to everyone.
UN flags will be flown through
out Chaper Hill's business dis
trict and a short movie, "Struc
ture for Peace How the UN
Works," will be shown as a part
of the regular movie program
at th Carolina Theatre today.
At 10:45 church and University
bells will begin ringing to sum
mon students and townspeople to
South Building for the ceremony.
'. Chancellor House will deliver
a one-minute introductory
speech at 10:49. This will be fol
lowed by a reading of President
Truman's UN Day proclamation
by John Sanders, President of the
Following a prayer for peace
by the Rev. John A. Weidinger,
the flag ceremony will be held.
The entire ceremony is sched
uled to be completed at 11:01.
Students are due back in their
classes at 11:05.
In addition to the planned pro
grams for celebrating UN Day, a
display . has been , set up in the
library featuring the commis
sions and specialized agencies of
the UN. Another display is lo
cated in the Y.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 23 (UP)
Charlie (Choo Choo) Justice,
the North Carolina Ail-American,
said today that professional foot
ball is "really tough."
After his debut with the Wash
ington Redskins of the National
Football League, the fabled North
Carolina star conceded that it is
"quite a jump" from college to
the professional ranks.
'"These pros5 are a ? lot smarter
than the college players," he said.
"Their tackling is hard and jar
ring. I' guess I took more punish
ment in the few plays I was in
than I took all last year with
Justice, who had trained only
six days with the Redskins, was
used sparingly. But while he was
in action he caught two passes
for 43 yards, ran back two punts
for 13 yards, got 55 yards running
back three kickoffs, and gained
six yards on his only play from
After the game he complained
that his legs ached and felt "like
a couple of lead balloons."
"I didn't help the team much,"!
the triple-threat back said, "but
I hope to do better next Sunday
against the Eagles."
With Present Mode,
"It would be very difficult for
Communism" to ever get a foot
hold in Japan now," according
to Dr. Toyohiko Kagawa, noted
Japanese evangelist, "because the
peasants are satisfied in that 98
per cent of the farmers now own
their own land."
Dr. Kagawa spoke twice in the
Chapel Hill Methodist Church
yesterday once in the morning
and again last night before large
He said that there have been a
few Communistic uprisings late
ly in Japan, but this fact "has
turned the Japanese people
against Communism. Christianity
is the only vay out for Japan,"
he declared, pointing out that
even the royal family is favor
able towards Christianity despite
the fact they are not baptized
Dr. Kagawa said that Japan has
been totally disarmed now ever
since the war and that she has
no desire to re-arm.
"The Constitution forbids re
arming and it would take two
thirds of the vote to get rearm
ament passed, and I don't believe
it is possible," he said.
Chancellor Robert B. House, in
introducing Dr. Kagawa, said the
speaker's translations of "poems
and meditations have been re
garded as devotional literature
for many years," and he is recog
nized throughout the world as a
practical teacher and leader in his
Dr. Kagawa, who is touring the
United States on his sixth visit
to this country, was sponsored
here by the University YMCA
and the Chapel Hill Ministerial
Association. He was accompanied
by Dr. Emerson Bradshaw of the
Church Federation of Greater
Chicago, which embraces 1,200
Another experiment to satisfy
student lunch demands was given
up last Thursday when the plate
lunch service was discontinued in
Lenoir Hall's Pine Room.
Reason for the discontinued
service was a lack of patronage
during rush hours, Lenoir Hall
officials said. The plan was orig
inally intended to relieve con
gestion during lunchtime.
The Pine Room will offer, as a
new service, some sandwiches in
addition to hot dogs and ham
burgers now served. Officials are
considering adding also steak
sandviches and other grill dishes
to the menu.
"We want the Pine Room to be
a student hangout, and if any
student has any ideas on how
we can better the Pine Room's background for a later consider
f unctions, he should let us know," ' ation of the application of Chris
Manager Lloyd Skinner said. tianity to everyday living.
Final Exam Schedule
Edwin S. Lanier, head of the Central Records Office, yes
terday released the final examination schedule for the fall quarter.
No student may be excused from a scheduled examination
except by the University Infirmary, in case of illness; or by his
General College faculty adviser or by his Dean, in case of any
other emergency compelling his absence.
Monday, Dec. li, 8:30 a.m : All 8 o'clock classes'
Monday, Dec. 11, 2 p.m All 3 o'clock classes
and Commerce 71 and 72.
Tuesday, Dec. 12, 8:30 a m All 9 o'elock classes
Tuesday, Dec. 12, 2 p.m All classes not other
wise provided for.
Wednesday, Dec. 13, 8:30 a.m .....All 10 o'clock classes
Wednesday, Dec. 13, "2 p.m Common exams in all French,
German, and Spanish courses
numbered 1, 2, 3, 4.
Thursday, Dec. 14, 8:30 a.m All 11 o'clock classes
Thursday, Dec. 14, 2 p.m All 1 o'clock classes
Friday, Dec. 15, 8:30 a.m. All 12 o'clock classes
Friday, Dec. 15, 2 p.m .All 2 o'clock classes
Y acK D
Yearbook Picture Deadline Thursday,
Still 1,500 Photos Behind Schedule
Yackety Yack Editor Jim Mills yesterday released the
list of entrants for this year's Yack Beauty Contest and at
the same time announced that yearbook pictures will be
taken through this Thursday.
Mills urged all students who have not yet had their photos
made to have- them taken this
PARIS, Oct. 23 (JP) The
French cabinet agreed today to
propose a united Western Euro
pean army under a European
Defense Minister as a compro
mise" solution on Germany's con
tribution to Atlantic defense
plans. The proposal carefully
ducked approval of incorporating
Germans into such an army.
The proposal is to be presented
for approval of the National As
sembly tomorrow by Premier
Insistence by any group on an
announcement agreeing to Ger
man rearmament might have
broken up the coalition govern
ment. The Socialists, under De
fense Minister Jules Moch, fierce
ly oppose the "principle" of re
At the close of the meeting the
cabinet issued the following com
"The Council of Ministers un
animously approved the text of
the statement .to be jnade: by ..M.
Pleven tomorrow at the National
Assembly ." -
Information ' Minister Albert
Gazier told reporters the state
ment" "confirms the French gov
ernment's opposition to the cre
ation, directly or indirectly, of
any German army."
"The French government," he
added, "is proposing a European
solution to the question of Ger
many's contribution to the repair
of Europe's defenses."
"It contains constructive pro
posals," Gazier said, "notably one
for the establishment of a Euro
pean army, placed under the
authority of a European minister
of Armed Forces. These proposals
are related to those previously
made by France for the organi
zation of Europe on both the ec
onomic and military levels."
'Nature Of God7
Y Topic Tonight
The YWCA wil sponsor a dis
cussion on "The Case for Chris
tianity" tonight from 7 to 8 o'clock
in the YWCA room.
George Esser of the Institute
of Government is leading the
discussion, which is the third in
a weekly series. The discussion
is open to everyone.
The group is concerned with de
fining Christianity, the nature of
God, and the nature of man. The
j present discussions will serve as
still some 1,500 photographs be
There is no charge for having
yearbook pictures made but
enough photos must be made to
fill up the alloted space.
Following is the list of Beauty
Queen candidates and the names
of the organizations sponsoring
Ruth Edgerton, Phi Gamma
Delta; Daphne Rouse, Phi Delta
Theta; A.nne Dover and Joyce
Evans, Pi Kappa Alpha; Mary
Stevens and Juanita Childers,
Smith Dorm; Joyce Richer t and
Ann Van Kirk, Chi Psi.
Kakky Hester, Iris Mclwen,
Carol Cubine, Alice Laughlin, and
Sylvia Newsome, Sigma Chi; Ed
na Matthas, Nancv Norwood, Zeta
Beth Lloyd, Dody Boyer, and
Arden Boisseau, ATO; Nancy Fra
zier. Old East; Betty Bowles,
Bobbie McKentyre, and Mary
Ann Rose, Kappa Sigma; Edith
Allison, Louise Carmichael, Eliza
beth Powell, and Libba Roe, Chi
Jane Parker, Patty Starr, and
Louise Robbins, Spencer; Rosalee
Husk, Suzanne Dawson, and Car
rie, Chamberlain, Beta - Theta Pi
Jean Calwell and Joan Stieber,
Pi Phi; Louise Kloster, Betty Ann
Pullen, and Daggie Ogg, Alpha
Anna Frank Strosnidcr, Delta
Kappa Epsilon; Katherine Mc
Comb, Theta Chi; Mary Scott Ev
erett, Melverine Johnson, and
Jackie Merritt, Chi Phi.
Burma Vogt, Phi Kappa Si?
ma; Gina Cambell, Mclver; Sue
Joyner and Joan Palmer, Sigma
Nu Jacque Que-enbery, Betty
Lou Worthington, Catherine Blue,
and Catherine Shaw, Alpha Delta
GM Bridge Club
Wants New Members
Every Friday night is card
night at Graham Memorial.
The Duplicate Bridge Club ha
been reorganized and placed und
er the direction of a professional
bridge player, according to Ros
alie Brown, chairman if the G.M.
The club now has five tables
Lwith ten sets as the desired goal.
The only charge made to become
a member is 25 cents per peic-on
to cover the cost of the game.
A prize of $5.00 f-.r hi Eh -c '? r r
and a $2.50 prize for the runner
up has been provided.
Students are encouraged, to use
the facilities in Graham Memorial
that are being provided by the
entertainment committer. The
main lounge is open at 3.30 a.m.
ATHENS, O., Oct. 22 (UP)
Well, now, if a girl do:n't know
what lo do wh?n STneone
makes a pass, wpII it's just high
time she learned.
This Nsncy IJotkwell. She
knew what to do about pas??;.
She threw Jhe-rn foiir lor
touchdowns, and tb?y t;ave the
Pi Ph!5 a 31 lo 0 victory over
the Alpha Xis in Ihc fo'irth an
nual Sorority Girls' Powder
Bowl yesterday at Ohio Univer
sity. And Mary Ncwkirk she
knew what to do too. When th
Alpha Xis tried to throw, wll
Mary just cauqM one (inter
ception, the B.F. celt.-, if) and
ran 55 yards for her own touch
down. Both teams started in good
shape and ended ihe same way.