U.N. C. Library
Chapel Hill, H.
Read Snook page 2 for latest
information .on food situation.
CHAPEL HILL, N. C. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1950
y V- u v
U. S. H-Bomb
Claims U.S. Knows
Where Russia Sits
On Atomic Stage
WASHINGTON, Oct. 30 (UP)
Chairman Gordon Dean said to
day the Atomic Energy Commis
sion has not produced a hydro
gen bomb and is uncertain wheth
er it can.
He also disclosed that the Unit
ed States has a pretty good idea
where Russia stands in atomic
weapons development, and is
confident "we are still well ahead"
of the Soviet Union.
Dean made the statements in
an unusually frank copyrighted
interview in the weekly news
magazine, "U. S. News and World
Report." Among other things, he
"Several countries," including
small ones, probably will have
stockpiles of A-Bombs within the
next 10 years.
Atom - powered submarines
should be ready for U. S. Navy
tests within "a few years."
U. S. scientists are "working
hard" on a light-weight atomic
engine for aircraft, and are more
"hopeful" of success than they
There is little danger that "man
might destroy himself" by ex
ploding enough atomic weapons
to make the earth uninhabitable.
The scarcity of uranium puts a
"real limitation" on the number
of bombs that can be, made.
In conection with the latter
point, Dean recalled that "some
very reputable scientists" recent
ly have warned that the explos
ion of a great many hydrogen
bombs could contaminate the
atmosphere and wipe out all hu
man life. i
"But this is something I would
not worry about at the moment,"
he said. -
Urban T. Holmes, a member
of the University's, Romance
Languages Department since
1925, has been chosen by the
French Government to receive
ono of its' highest honors, the
Medal of the Chevalier of the Le
gion of Honor.
The award will be conferred
upon Holmes when he returns
here in January from Louisiana
State University, where he is a
visiting lecturer this fall.
French Ambassador Henri Bon
net, in notifying Holmes of the
award, said he was being hon
ored "for the eminent services
that you have never ceased to
render to the cause of the French
language and culture by your re
searches in the literature of the
Middle Ages and by your teach
ing in the University of North
Since becoming a full professor
in 1927, Holmes has taught many
languages, including Japanese,
has directed graduate studies in
the French Department, and has
done research in the field of Ro
RALEIGH, Cct. ' 30 CP)
Vhat doss it lake to discourage,
a tobacco moocher? That's what
an Army Recruiting Sergeant
is asking after he prepared this
mixture for the moocher:
A small quantity of tobacco,
five rubber bands, eight match
heads, two locks of finely clip
nrH hair one donated by a
blonde and one by a brunette,
a teaspoonful of lint, a dash of
pencil sharp nings, and the con
tents of one shotgun shell.
The moocher filled his pipe as
usual, smoked merrily, away,
and returned two hours -later
for a refill. ,
Noted Author, Commentator, Discusses
'The Privilege Of Being An American'
, E. Debnam,' author of the widely discussed book,
Weep No More My Lady," and well known North Carolina
radio commentator, will address the Philanthropic Assembly
tonight at 8:30 in New East Building. . .
Debnam is noted for his broadcasts over the Smith-Doug-
' last radio network on Feb. 8 and
So Ions Hear
WASHINGTON, Oct. 30 (JP)
Senators heard" today how more
than 3,500,000 pounds of war
useful copper was shuttled around
the world from Japan to New
York to Communist China before
the trade was choked off last
Another deal sent more than
12,000 steel boiler tubes to China
from1 the British Occupied Zone
of Germany. All the transactions
were handled by American ex
Senator O'Conor (D-Md), chair
man of a Senate commerce sub
committee which took the testi
mony, declared that the Chinese
Communists had "outsmarted and
butmaneuvered" American offic
ials in procuring the" copper.
The two U: S. exporters who
handled the shipments testified,
however, that the copper was pur
chased and transshipped legally.
Although the export of U. S. pro
duced copper to Communist con
trolled areas has been banned
since July, 1949, controls tighten
up in sale of the Japanese copper
were not instituted until July of
(See SOLONS, page 4)
ROK Division Retreats;
U. S. Pushing To Border
TOKYO, Tuesday, Oct. 31 (UP) U. S. infantrymen
cracked through tough Communist defense lines to within
33 miles of the Manchurian border yesterday, but South Ko
rean troops were forced info their first retreat in more than
a month by an assault spearheaded by at least 2,000 Chinese
A regiment of Chinese Reds was declared, officially to be
in Korea. Unofficial reports pui a
total of three Chinese Commun
ist divisions in action on two
fronts for a possible total of
18,000 to 24,000 men.
The veterans of the U. S. 24th
Division slugged their way
through strons resistance to with
in three miles east of Kusong on
the west coast and 33 miles from
the border. On the east coast, a
flying spearhead of the U. S. 7th
Division, which landed at Iwon
Sunday, ripped northward over
the narow mountain roads to
within 37 miles of the border.
While the Americans vere
forging ahead, the South Koreans
suffered their first major reverses
since they started their northward
sprint in mid-September.
One Red force of 10.000 men
destroyed one-third of the South
Korean 6th Division 37 miles from
the west coast. Another was hit
ting the ROK 3rd Division on the
east coast, northwest of Hamming
and South of the Fusen and Chos
in reservoirs and a chain of vital
The ROK 3rd Division, fighting
northwest of Hamhung, ran into
a solid Communist wall. Mortar
shells and high velocity artillery
threw mountains of snow
dirt over ROK lines. The
Regiment fell back two and one
half miles under the impact of
Red Banzai charges and artillery .
A South Korean report estimat-.
ed that 1,500 emeny troops had
infiltrated lines between Ham
hung and Paegamsan, nine miles,
south of Fusen Reservoir, and had
cut the main supply route.
9. He answered comments about
the South by Mrs. Eleanor Roose
velt in her column "My Day."
These broadcasts were later en
larged and put into the book
form. "Weep No More My Lady"
has sold some 100,000 copies since
its first printing last May. There
have been seven printings in all
so far. V
The book is subtitled, "A South
erner Answers Mrs. Roosevelt's
Report on the 'Poor and Unhappy
Debnam will address the assem
bly on the topic, "The Privilege
of Being an American."
The speaker attended the Uni
versity during the last years of
the First World War and was a
member of the Phi here then.
After graduating, he worked
with various newspapers in North
Carolina and Virginia before
taking up radio work in Norfolk.
In p.942 he came to Raleigh and
initiated his present series of
Debnam also is well known for
his interpretation broadcasts dur
ing the last war. In the summer
of 1945 he toured the Pacific area
in an effort to get a first hand
picture of war and the GI's.
In 1948 Debnam toured the
Marshall Plan countries in Eur
ope collecting background mater
ial for his-work on the radio.
Students and the
invited to attend.
KNOXVILLE, Tenn., Oct. 30
(UP) University of Tennessee
President C. E. Brehm today nam
ed an eleven-man faculty com
mittee to study methods of add
ing Memphis State College to the
University system and elevating
it to University .status.
The committee will visit
Memphis State College on the
invitation of President J. M. Smith
of Memphis State folowing ap
proval of. the proposal "in prin
ciple" by the U-T board of trus
tees Oct. 20. The board's resolu
(See TENNESSEE, page 4)
'A Lovely Martini You're Wearing'
Want Jo Flush One Special Shade?
Then Watch What You Drink, Lady
LONDON, Oct. 30 (UP)
"That's a lovely Martini you're
wearing," said the scientist to"
the woman at a Mayfair cock
tail party. "But I'm sure a
Manhattan would blend' better
with your complexion."
The woman walked away in
a huff and never learned that
the scientist, wrho also studies
atom bomb manufacture,
meant just what he was saying.
He had proved it in his
atomic research laboratories.
British scientists said wom
en soon may be selecting their
drinks so that the flush that
Xt ' -. .
I : V
t . "
h '- '
- CHIC BURROUGHS
Will Be Held
The Harvest Ball, sponsored by
the Graham Memorial entertain
ment committee, will be held
Saturday, Nov. 11, from 8:30 p.
m. until midnight in Woollen
This will be the first dance
of the year sponsored by Graham
Memorial and will be informal.
Music will be provided by Chic
Burroughs and his band.
Admission is free and no bids
will be necessary.
The dance will follow the Carolina-Maryland
football game and
all guests and friends of students
Rosalie Brown, chairman of the
entertainment committee,, said
yesterday that volunteers are
needed to help in decorating and
in other plans for the dance.
Those interested should contact
her at the GM office.
Also on schedule for the eve
ning is an intermission fioorshow.
Talent is now being enlisted and
interested students should con
tact the GM office' immediately.
Call For Help
NEW DELHI, India, Oct. 30
(JP) Tibet appealed today to In
dia for diplomatic help as Chinese
Communist invading troops. were
reported Within 200 miles of
Lasa, capital or the isolated
Himalayan mountain country.
The appeal was sent through
India's representative in Lhasa.
An Indian government spokesman
said Tibet had asked specifically
for the "continuance of the good
offices which India has made
available in the past."
He denied reports that the 'ap
peal included a request for mil
itary aid or for putting' the
Chinese invasion before the Unit
The spokesman, said the Red in
vaders had pushed to within 200
miles of Lhasa and defending Ti
betan roops had abandoned Lho
Dzong (Lolungchung) on Oct. 22
and Shoshado on Oct. 27, falling
back to Pembago.
follows imbibing will match
the delicate shades of their
It's as simple as this: The
flush that dyes faces at parties
is largely pure Martini. Scien
tists . proved it with their
The depth of color in the
f lu"h depends on how much
carbon is in the cocktail. And
Martinis and Manhattans may
differ hi, caibon content.
"You slosh -down a Martini
and less than one hour later
it is -part' of your face," A. J.
Garratt, member of the science
In Lie's Term,
. Would Be Illegal
' But Won't Leave
i UN, Says Soviet
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y., Oct.
30 (UP) Soviet Foreign- Min
ister Andrei Y. Vishinsky said to
day any extension of Trygve Lie's
term as United Nations Secretary-
General would be considered il
legal, but gave assurances,' Russia
would not quit the UN. ,
I Vishinsky said that Lie, instead
of pulling out of the race as he
should, was doing everything "to
cling to the job," and added sar
castically that the $25,000 salary
was "quite a few shekels."
. Vishinsky made the statement
at a "news conference summoned
hurriedly on the eve of a General
Assembly session at. which Lie is
slated to be given a three-year
Soviet Delegate Jacob, B. Malik,
who vetoed reappointment of Lie,
maae a last-aitcn enort at a pri
vate Security Council session in
the morning to have the Assemb
ly drop the issue from its agenda
But he was defeated 7-1, with
India, China, and Egypt abstain
ing. Vishinsky, asked what objec
tions Russia had to Lie, cited his
support of the UN's Korean action
and of several UN organs brand
ed illegal by the Russians the
Korean and Balkan commissions
and the Interim Assembly. He
also charged that Lie. supported
the North Atlantic Pact, which he
charged was subverting the UN,
and that Lie's 10 points for peace
were an "expression of the spirit
of American military policy."
The Soviet diplomat was nettled
particularly by Lie's failure to
withdraw from the race. He
charged that the burly Norwegian
should recogni2e that any exten
sion of his term would violate
the UN charter provision that a
Secretary-General must be ap
proved by all the Big Five powers.
Instead of pulling out and pre
venting a. violation of the char
ter, Vishinsky said, Lie was do
ing everything to hold onto his'
job and the $25,000 salary. (Ac
tually, the salary plus expenses
comes to about $55,000.)
Grcid Club Names
Hartley Chairman '
The Graduate Club elected
Catherine Hartley as its chair
man and Bill Wilson as vice
chairman in its organizational
meeting last Wednesday night.
The program for the coming
year, which has been designed to
be a mixture of discussion and
social activities, will be purely
a social gathering, according to
Membership in the club is open
J to all graduate students, she said.
staff of the Festival of Britain,
He said the fact was not un
known to scientists abroad but
that studies here had included
"Whenever you eat some
thing, a large part of it is car
bon," Garratt said. "If you
substitute radio-active carbon
for ordinary carbon, you can
follow it through - the human
body with a Geiger counter.
"We have 'l ound that the
Martini you drink is actually
part-of the cells -in your- face in
less than one hour."
Negroes File Suit
On Hayes Decision
Four Appeal Ruling Barring Them
From Entry Into UNC Law School
GREENSBORO, Oct. 30 (AP) Four Negro students who
were denied admission to the Law School of the University
of North Carolina today appealed the decision of the Lower
Court to the Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.
The action filed in Middle District Court here, seeks, re
Students wishing to travel via
the special train to see the foot
ball game in Knoxville this week
end must complete arrangements
by 1 p.m. Thursday, according to
Jerry Sternberg, president of the
University Club which is arrang
ing the Tennessee Caravan.
Sternberg added that it is nec
essary to know how many people
plan to make the tryp so definite
arrangements may be made to
obtain streamlined cars.
This is the big away game of
the year for UNC students, Stern
berg said. Train tickets cost $13.11
for the round trip. The train will
leave Durham at 7:30 Friday
night, so it will be unnecessary
to reserve a hotel room, Stern
berg pointed out. Because of the
low cost, it is hoped a large del
egation is planning to make the
trip, Sternberg said.
STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Oct. 30
(UP) Gustaf VL was formally
proclaimed king of the Swedes,
Goths and Mendes today after
swearing to be "straightforward,
merciful, law-abiding, righteous,
and mild "in my reign."
He announced that the motto
of his reign would be:
"Duty before . all."
The 67-year-old king took the
oath of accession in the state hall
of the Stockholm Royal Castle.
Premier Tage Erlander led a
ringing cheer for the new king
and the shout was taken up by
the scores of thousands massed
outside and in connecting streets.
Hundreds of thousands of
Swedes, grouped around radios
all over the country, cheered:
"Long live the king."
The cheers mingled with the
doleful tolling of church bells
for 92-year-old Gustaf V who
died yesterday after a reign of
Yack Editor Asks
Jim Mills, Yackety Yack Ed
itor, yesterday said fraternity ac
tives who did not identify their
fraternities on their photo cards
would not have pictures., on the
pages reserved for the fraterni
ties in the year book unless such
information is turned into his
He added also that a large
number of those who expect to
graduate this year have not list
make sure certain photos will be
listed as seniors only.
Thursday has been designated
as the last day for corrections, and
Mills asks anyone in doubt to
check with the Yack office to
make certain- photos will be
properly placed in the volume.
New Street Markers
Being Erected Here
Some 180 concrete street mark
ers are now being erected in
Chapel Hill by members of the
Junior Chamber of Commerce.
The markers are to be white
with black street names and
block numbers. Kenneth Putnam
is general supervisor of. the project.
lief from a judgment entered by
Judge Johnson J. Hayes October
9- . : :
Judge Hayes ruled that facil
ities at the North Carolina Col
lege, a Negro institution at Dur
ham, were equal to and in, some
ways surpassed, opportunities of
fered students at the University.
In his judgment,' Judge Hayes
pointed out that Negro lawyers
would draw clients from members
of their own race, and that cul
tural advantages and prestige, of
the university were negligible.
He ruled further that the Law
School at North Carolina College
had an "excellent" faculty, . an
adequate library, and more space
per capita than the Chapel Hill
The decision pointed out also
that of the 29 students enrolled
at the Negro,school, five were stu
dents from states where segrega
tion practices ' are not required.
The Wilkesboro jurist . noted
that he was "acting in the better
interests" of the plaintiffs in the
decision at which he arrived.
The two'original plaintiffs, Har
old T. Epps and Robert Davis
Glass, withdrew their complaint,
Epps, on the grounds that he had
graduated from the Law School
of North Carolina College and is
practicing law and Glass on the
grounds' that he is from another
state other than North Carolina
as was alleged in the complaint.
U. S. 'Naked'
ATLANTA, Oct. 30 (UP)
Radio commentator Henry J.
Taylor said tonight the U. S. is
as "naked" to an atomic attack
by Russia as Pearl Harbor ,was
to that by Japan in 1941.
He said the home defense set
up is so poor that nine out of 10
attacking Russian bombers could
get through to drop their bombs.
And he said U. S. ports are wide
open to "iron curtain cargo ves
sels carrying atom bombs, like
Taylor, speaking over the
American Broadcasting Company,
raid America is' not protected by
interceptor planes, a radar de
tection network or a single pick
et boat with radar warning eqiup
'The cruel fact is that with
Russia possessing the atom bomb
and the largest air fleet in the
world we have no more national
defense for the security of Amer
ica tonight than Hawaii had on
the day of Pearl Harbor," he
"That's how utterly defunct we
are in national defense."
He blamed this on "policy
makers" who have tried to defend
every place in the world except
the United States. He said Presi
dent Truman and other top offi
cials must be "interested" in de
fense "of our homeland."
Taylor said the radar network
begun in 1949 to defend our bor
ders is less than 40 per cent com
plete. He said this nation has only
20 per cent as many interceptor
planes as are needed for national
"I am telling you nothing the
Russians do not know," he said.
"But the American people do not
Taylor said the Reds have
"tapped" . our whole radar sys
tem. He said the FBI has reported
officially that Communist spies
stole maps of the radar screen.
Taylor said all iron curtain
ships should be herded into iso
lated ports on both the Atlantic
and Pacific coasts so that a
thorough inspection of their car
gos can be made.
MRS. MARGARET DOLAN
Mrs. Margaret Baggett Dolan,
former supervisor and tuberculo
sis consultant of the Baltimore
County Health Department, has
accepted appointment as assist
ant professor in the Department
of Public Health Nursing of the
University School of Public
Health, it was announced yes
terday. Mrs. Dolan is a native of Lill
ington and a graduate of Ander
son College, S. C, Georgetown
Nursing School in Washington,
and the University of North Car
olina. She also has studied ad
vanced tuberculosis nursing at
Syracuse University in New York.
The Public Health Department
was organized here in 1941 with
in the School of Public Health.
Since that time some 743 public
health nurses from this state and
throughout the South have grad
uated from here and are qualified
for positions on local and state
health department staffs.
Dean Edward G. McGavran
said: "With the addition of Mrs.
Dolan to. the faculty, -it will be
possible to go forward with plans
for a much needed program of
advanced study for the prepara
tion of supervisors and consult
Mrs. Dolan's duties will :;nclu-.le
teaching, consultation, and par
ticipation in departmental activ
SAN JUAN, P. R., Oct. 20
(UP) Nationalist rebels advo
cating an end to American rule
in Puerto Rico fought police in
island-wide clashes today.
Fierce gunfighting in San Juan
and half-a-dozen scattered places
resulted in at least 13 persons
A National Guard regiment
was called out at 2:30 p. m. to
batle the violently anti-American
In a daring sally against the
Fortaleza Governor's palace here,
the Nationalists shot up the en
trance to the fortress-like build
ing. Four Nationalists were killed
and one was wounded seriously.
Two policemen were" wounded.
The biggest battle was being
fought in the small town of Pt n-
uelas, in southern Puerto Rico,
where police discovered a Na
tionalist arms cache.
Latest official reports said at
least three persons were killed
there and unofficial reports said
rebels were resisting police with
machlneguns and hand grenades.
books for all General College
ludenls will be in the South
Building lobby tomorrow and
Appointments after Thursday
will have io be made in Room
308 South Building.
The actual preregistration be
gins next Wednesday. Nov. .8,
and ends Wednesday, Nov. 22.