Buy Christmas Seals
Bey Christmas Seals.
CHAPEL. HILL, N. C. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1950
Building To Start
On DuPont Factory
Early Next Year
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28 (UP)
Construction of secret plants to
make hydrogen bomb explosives
will begin early next year on a
260,000-acre site near the Savan
nah River, 15 miles south of Ai
ken, S. C, the Atomic Energy
Commission announced today.
The vast project, which will
cost upward of $260,000,000, will
be built and operated by E. I. Du
Pont de Nemours and Company.
The plants will produce tritium,
a heavy form of hydrogen which
will be the main explosive ingre
dient of the H-bomb.
Scientists are not yet sure whe
ther the H-bomb will be a suc
cess. If it doesn't work out, the
Savannah River plants will be
used to produce regular atomic
explosives, such as plutonium. No
weapons will be assembled on the
South Carolina site. That ticklish
work is handled at secret plants
More than 100 sites were sur
veyed by government engineers
during a four-month, nationwide
search before the decision was
made to build the plants amid the
pine forests and cotton farms of
western South Carolina.
Army engineers will begin buy
ing land at once, and an 8,000-man
construction crew will be moved
in early next year. The plants
eventually will employ as many
as 23.000 men.
The commission said it will be
necessary to relocate all of the
1,500 families now living in the
area, which includes the 'villages
of Ellcnton. Jackson, Dunbarton
and Snclling. Most of the villages
are more than 200 years old. El
lcnton, the largest, has a popula
tion of about 1,000.
In GM Today
Carolina students will have the
opportunity to audition here for
the Horace Heidt show which will
he held in Raleigh Thursday,
The auditions will be held in I
Ci-aham Momnrial tnriav at 2 I
p.m. No application is necessary.
A representative from the Heidt
organization will conduct the
He idt will bring his crew of 60
to the Reynolds Coliseum in Ra
leigh for a two and one half hour
Students wishing, tryouts must
bring their own music and ac
companist. No group of over four
will be auditioned. Both radio
and stage acts are acceptable.
Either professional or amateur
talent may attend the tryouts.
Library officials announced
yesterday new weekend hours
which will keep the building
open on Sunday nights, but only
Circulation Librarian George
Beniley said that on the two re
maining weekends of the fall
quarter, the Library will close
at 5 p.m. on Saturday. Dec. 2
and Dec. 9, and will remain
open from 2 p.m. until 10 p.m.
on Sunday. Dec. 3 and Dec. 10.
Beniley pointed out that this
is not a final change in the Li
brary's weekend hours, but
merely a test to find if better
service to students and faculty
can be rendered under the new
THESE THREE MEN WILL BE AFTER posts in student government in tomorrow's campus
wide fall election. Duff Smith (left), is running for vice-president of the junior class on the Student
Party ticket. Hilliard Slaton (center) will be trying for the junior presidency on the same ticket
with Smith. Dick Penegar (right), is opposing Staton. Penegar is the University Party nominee. -
Congress May Be Forced To Extend
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28 (TP)
The grave turn of events in Korea
cast a shadow of foreboding over
Congress today and brought pre
dictions that it may force the
lawmakers to stand by over
Christmas for any emergency.
Behind closed doors, Secretary
of State Acheson is reported to
have told senators that the mass
onslaught of Chinese Communists
in Korea demands immediate de
cisions on the next moves in the
Legislators raised such ques
Fall Election Data
With campus-wide fall elections set tomorrow, Elections
Board Chairman Julian Mason yesterday released several
items concerning candidates and what they must do to stay
within the Constitution.
Most important of the announcements made was the news
that persons running unopposed
will not have their names on a
This, Mason explained, is to
cut printing costs and do away
with unnecessary counting. How
ever, he pointed out, should a
student receive the 25 or more
required write-in votes for the
position, the write-in nominee
will be in a runoff with the form
erly unopposed candidate.
Mason listed several dates and
times to which candidates must
Today at 5 p.m. is the deadline
for requesting (in writing) a
write-in ballot. Expense accounts
are due in Mason's hands by 6
Mason ,asked for anyone inter
ested in counting ballots to be in
Roland Parker Lounges of Gra
ham Memorial tomorrow night.
Copies of the elections laws are
available in the student govern
ment office, he said. ;
The polls will be open tomor
row at 9 a.m. and close at 6
p.m. The runoff will be next
Thursday during the same hours.
Expense accounts are due at 6
p.m. on the preceding' Wednesday.
Bids concerning two Chapel
Hill projects were opened or set
for opening, the Associated Press
Bids for construction of an S0-
fopt addition .to. the north wing
of the old five-story Med " School
Building will be; opened Dec. 21,
Northrup and O'Brien. Winston -
Qivhitprtural firm, an-
Bids were v opened in Raleigh
for grading and structures for
the new four-lane Durham
Chapel Hill highway. Bids total
ing nearly $690,000 were received.
The bids will be reviewed by
the State Highway Commission
at its regular session tomorrow.
tions as these.
1. Whether General -Douglas
MacArthur should be authorized
to bomb supply lines and Red
troops massed behind the border
in Manchuria. Some lawmakers
advocated use of the atomic bomb.
2. Whether Chinese Nationalist
troops from Formosa shall now be
thrown into battle against the
Acheson is said to have told the
Senate Foreign Relations Com
mittee, in a two-hour session this
forenoon, that grave as the situa
Stan Tcsler, independent can
didate for president of the
freshman class, yesterday an
nounced his platform for tomor
"I plan to setup several com
mittees . . . the first as a Com
plaint Board and the second as
a Better Relations Board. 'Also
to help better social relations
between our local Big Four
Tesler is from Fayetteville
where he was prominent in high
Delegates Are Named
To Conference By Y's
Seven delegates to the National
YMCA and YWCA Assembly in
Miami, O., were chosen Monday
night "by the Y cabinet.
The University Y organizations
expect to send 15 delegates to the
conference to be held during the
Christmas vacation, starting Dec.
27 and concluding Jan. 2.
Over 2,000 delegates from local
college groups will gather to de
termine the national group's
policy for the next four years.
Also they will discuss regional
problems and questions facing col
lege Y organizations.
Representing the YMCA will be
Ed McLeod, president; Bill Hogs
head, treasurer; Hugh Cole; Bill
Burkholder, and Claude C. Shotts,
( , .
j For, the YWCA Frances Drane
j anci Nancy , Her will attend the
Any members who are interest
ed in attending the conference
should check by the Y office, a
spokesman said yesterday. More
delegates will be chosen soon, it
was pointed out.
In other business the cabinet
discussed plans for dormitory and
fraternity discussions which will
' y. nSHwt
vWilW --Sir? . . -
y va. v
tion is in Korea, it is no more
serious than the danger in Europe.
Chairman Connally (D-Tex)
said Acheson "especially empha
sized the dangerous situation in
Yugoslavia," where Marshall Tito
has been under mounting pres
sure following his break with the
Although overshadowed by
events in Korea, a series of im
portant home-front issues engaged
Congress on this second day of
its "lame duck" session that last
session before the new 82nd Con
gress meets on Jan. 3
Set Dec. 6-7
The annual Christmas Concert
of the combined Men's and Wo
men's Glee Clubs, directed by Joel
Carter, will be presented in Hill
Hall, Dec. 6-7, at 8:30 p.m.
The program will include "A
Ceremony of Carols" by Benjamin
Britten as well as traditional
Christmas carols sung by the com
bined Glee Clubs. The Women's
Glee Club will sing a group of
choruses from "Alice in Wonder
land" by Irving Fine, and the
Men's Glee Club will sing several
early-scfVenteenth century Italian
Special performers will be Mrs.
Dulcie Dimette Barlow, harpist,
and Fn n'x Bartlett, who v 11 give
for the concert.
will be charged
be held sometime in the early part
of the Winter Quar'sr. 'Plans
for a ( hristmas party for Y mem
bers will be before vacation.
Makes Music After Dinner, Too
UNC Bell Tower Passes
As Meeting Place And
By Wink Locklair
The Mbrehead-Patterson Bell
Tower had a birthday Thanks
It was 19 years old and during
those 19 years it has become as
familiar a sight to visitors and
students as the Old Well or any
other campus landmark. On foot
ball Saturdays it serves as , a
meeting place, for thousands of
fans, and following . each game
there is a 15 minute program of
music and school songs. During
the year the bells are heard ev
ery night, beginning at 6 o'clock.
There were elaborate ceremon
ies for the dedication of th $100,
000 structure back in 1931. It was
the day of the traditional Caro
n March, 1951J
4 From Law School
Appealed To U. S.
RALEIGH, Nov. 28 (TP) North
Carolina's claim that Law School
training provided at North Caro
lina College is equal to that pro
vided at Chapel Hill will be re
viewed by the U. S. Circuit Court
of Appeals next spring.
Attorney General Harry Mc
Mullan today said an appeal filed
by four Negro students had been
set for argument in Richmond,
Va., the first week of March.
The four youths contend they
were denied admission to the Uni
versity of North Carolina Law
School solely because of their
race, without being provided
equal facilities elsewhere in a
state-supported college. The suit
first was argued in Middle Dis
trict Federal Court at Durham
before Judge Johnson J. Hayes.
For Next Year
Senior class officers, in meet
ings during this quarter, have
progressed rapidly in planning
projects for the coming year, class
President Ned Dowd announced
j Dowd said the group is now in
! the process of setting up a Senior
Council, to be composed of some
20 outstanding members of the
class, to help in carrying out the
When the group is completed,
members to a number of planning
committees-will be chosen from it,
The committees that will be
formed from the Senior Council
will include entertainment, picnic
and barefoot day, publicity, com
mencement, and special projects.
He also released an 11-point
program now being considered by
the officers and which will be put
before the. Council.
The program includes plans for:
Senior Barefoot Day and the an
nual class picnic; a comic news
paper concerning seniors; , the
Junior - Senior Prom; a "money
Gripe forms to be filled out by
graduating seniors; the adding of
"plus" and "minus" to the Uni
versity grading system; one hour
courses for seniors lacking hours;
social rooms in dormitories; bow
ling, bjlliards, and other recrea
tional facilities in Chapel Hill.
A flag pole in the guadrangle
between the Library and South
Building; and encouragement of
the placing of new seats in Me
lina-Virginia game. Governor
O. Max Gardner made the ac
ceptance speech on behalf of the
University, and Frank P. Patter
son, who was then Associate Edi-
tor of the Baltimore Evening Sun;
of one of the donors,
the presentation ad-
.The unveiling of the dedicatory
inscription tablet was made by
Miss Mary Morehead of Char
lotte and Master Rufus L. Patter
son, HI, of New York City. More
than 30 selections were played
by Chester McNeeley, a chimis,
who came to Chapel Hill from
Troy, N. Y., for the occasion.
The donors of the tower were
prominent alumni and native
By Daily Tar Heel Wire Services
TOKYO, Wednesday, Nov. 29 Chinese Communist Troops, 200,000 strong, swarming like
locusts along "every road, gully and ridgeline" in a widening breakthrough, threatened
Tuesday to overwhelm four U. S. Divisions in northwest Korea.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur, in one of the most dramatic Communiques of his history-shap
LAKE SUCCESS, Nov. 28 (UP) The United States charged
Communist China with "open and notorious aggression" against
Korea toda yand a Peking spokesman countered by accusing the
U. S. of "stirring up a third world war."
The charges and countercharges were made before a dramatic
and tense meeting of the United Nations Security Council at
which th Chinese Communists spokes for the third time.
Ambassador Warren R. Austin, American delegate to the
Security Council, faced the head of the Red China delegation
with the question: "Will there be peace or war in the Far East?"
Austin warnd that the Korean War would spread to "neigh
boring areas" unless Peking obeyed a UN resolution ordering
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28 (UP) President Truman will ask
Congress for an emergency appropriation of about SI, 000,000, OOCPIo
expand production of atomic bombs at the fastest possible rate.
Congressional sources disclosed tonight.
withdrawal of it3 troops. But the head of the Communist delega
tion, Gen. Wu Hsui-Chuan, struck back with the charge that "the
United States government is systematically building up a military
encirclement of China for further attacks on the Chinese people's
government (Communist) and for stirring up a third world war."
.The flat-faced Chinese Communist said that the Chinese
people were "volunteering in great numbers" to fight in Korea.
"The Chinese people's government," he said, "sees no reason
whatsoever to prevent their departure to volunteer in Korea for
the great liberation struggle against U. S. aggression."
Wu then demanded the UN take "effective sanctions" against
the United States and force its withdrawal from Formosa and
Korea "and leave the people of North and South Korea to settle
their domestic affairs for themselves."
The Security Council met against the grim backdrop of "an
entirely new war" in Korea, because of the intervention of 200,
000 Chinese Communists which have torn huge and critical holes
in the allied lines.
Wu started his maiden speech by saying he would not discuss
the other agenda items, coupled with Formosa, because it was.
titled "aggression against the Republic of Korea" rather than
American aggression against Korea. But he repeatedly alluded to
the Korean conflict.
In his hour and 40 minute speech, Wu said:
"The U. S. is carrying the flames of war to China according
to its plans. This is extending the Korean War. The Chinese peo
ple have consistently supported all proposals for a peaceful settle
ment of the Korean War but the Korean War has been extended
and security in the Pacific has been shattered."
""Austin's charge of "aggression" by Peking marked the first
time that extreme diplomatic term had been used by the U. S.
in the UN to characterize Chinese Communist intervention in
Korea. Austin stressed that previous reluctance had been swept
away by Gen. Douglas MacArthur's report of mass Chinese Com
munist attacks against the caving UN lines in Korea.
Austin served notice he was ready to keep the Council meet
ing all night, if necessary, to get a vote on a six-power resolution
of Nov. 10 calling on Peking to pull its troops out of Korea. But
at 6:07 p.m. the Council adjourned until tomorrow.
U.S. Seeks Quick Way
To Halt Far East Reds
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28 (A) and at other danger spots all along
The U. S. Government, shocked
and spurred to fresh action by the
grave turn of events in Korea,
today sought urgent measures to
halt the Red tide in the Far East
North Carolinians: John Motley
Morehead, eminent industrialist,
chemist, and former minister to
Sweden, and the late Rufus Le
noir Patterson, who . achieved
; distinction as an inventor and to
bacco manufacturer. Two years
ago Mr. Moorehead also gave the
University the handsome More
head Building, Planetarium and
The master bellringer and the
apprentice bellringer are honor
ary positions. A 'special commit
tee chosen by Dr. Glen Haydon,
head of the Department of Music
in-the University, looks over the
list of music majors and selects
a small number of men to "au
(See TOWER, page 4)
the Iron Curtain.'
There were plain indications of
official concern that a third world
war could be .developing and
that the threat might not be con
fined to Korea.
On Capitol Hill, some voices
were raised in favor of using the
atom bomb against the onsurging
President Truman met (3 p.m.,
EST) with the National Security
Council, the' government's top
policy-making agency in matters
affecting the country's safety.
Secretary of Defense Marshall,
after conferring earlier with Mr.
Truman, said the free world is
faced with "a' very critical situa
tion" which the United Nations
! must resolutely
face up to."
Marshall told the National Wo
men's Press Club that the serious
ness of the situation lies not so
much in the Korean ground fight
ing as in the effect of the Chinese
Red attack on the world situation.
Congressional leaders likewise
voiced deepest concern over the
far eastern crisis.
Senator Taft (R-Ohio) said it
may force Congress to stay in ses
sion through Christmas. Leaders
had hoped the "lame duck" ses
sion which opened yesterday
could end in about three weeks.
ing career, announced that Com
munist China had sent more than
200,000 men into Korea and
massed heavy reinforcements just
across the border in Manchuria.
"Consequently we face an en
tirely new war," the supreme
He checked the problem too
big to be solved at Far Eastern
headquarters to the United Na
tions at Lake Success, asked for
instructions, and urgently sum
moned his field commanders to
map plans to save the Allies from
disaster in North Korea.
Informed sources said Mac
Arthur sought authority, if th
diplomats cannot talk the Chinese
Communists out of Korea, to un
leash his bombers against Chinese
bases now '"within the privileged
sanctuary north of the interna
High military and diplomatic of
ficials in Tokyo and Seoul agreed
grimly that air attacks on Red
China, linked by a mutual defense
pact with Russia, might kindle a
flame that would flare into a vast
Topmost Allied commander:;
conferred far into the night at
Tokyo headquarters in the emer
gency conference summoned by
MacArthur. Lt. Gen. Walton H.
Walker, Commander of the U. S.
8th Army, broke' away from his
army's desperate defensive battle
to attend. Maj. Gen. Edward M.
Almond, Commander in northeast
Korea where the Chinese also had
struck, was on hand.
While the generals talked, the
Chinese soldiers flooded through
a widening gap torn in the 8th
Army's right flank toward a link
up with two Communist divisions
regrouped behind the .shattered
Allied central front. They were
within 20 miles of a junction.
One or two regiments wheeled
westward to drive on the 8th
Army's right flank, threatening to
encircle the American, South Ko
rean, and other Allied divisions
reeling from the jolt of the Com
East Digs Out
By United Press
The industrial East dug out
from under mountainous snows
and storm debris Tuesday and
factory chimneys began to smoke
Major industrial plants in Ohio
resumed operation for the first
time since the big weekend storm,
and food shortages and black
market threats vanished.
was having a harder time remov
ing a 29-inch snow blanket and
officials expected it would be the
end of the veek before all fac
tories were back to normal.
Along the Atlantic seabord. an
army of workers labored to repair
.thousands of telephone and power
line breaks which had all but
blacked out the area.
A United Press survey showed
at least 279 deaths attributed to
the storm and cold weather in the
U. S. and Canada. Damage esti
mates rose to $200,000,000 and
some experts believed the final
figure would .total 5400,000.000.
The Dialectic Senate held its
final meeting of the fall quarter
Kenneth Penegar was sworn
in as a new member and new
officers were elected for the
Officers elected were: Toby
Selby, president; David Wood
ruff, president pro-tern; Ed
Smiih. clerk; Waller Tice, critic;
Joe Clark, sgi.-c-arms, and Bob
The. new officers will be in
augurated Jan. 8. 1951.