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71IErDAII.Y TAR HEEL. TUESDAY, E1AY.13. 1952
1 The Korean war is nearly two years old.
It is not an old war as wars go nor even a very big one.
But in terms of human and material waste, it ranks as one
of the most savage in history.
Statistics showed yesterday that more than 5,000,000 men,
women and children have died or have been injured since
the Communists lunged into South Korea June 25, 1950.
Korea itself has been maimed. Homes, crops, personal
possessions, government buildings and schools have been
, a J Ti i Z C 1, T . a i -i -
desiroycu. xv is Auipusiujuj w puw x pnte on irageay dux oi
ficials estimate the damage at least $2,000,000,000.
To wage this "little war," as it has been called, the United
States alone has spent about $15,000,000,000 or about 10 per
cent of the total national budget for the past two years. .
More than 4,000,000 Korean civilians have fled their homes
to live in incredible misery in crowded hovels or open country.
Reports indicate thousands of troops and civilians in North
Korea are suffering or dying of cholera and the plague.
This is only part of the story. No statistics can measure
the pain, the suffering, the heartbreak, the loss of time the
war has meant for hundreds of thousands of troops on both
Total Korean casualties are greater than Americans suf
fered in all the wars in which they engaged. Even in World
War II, only Russia, Germany, Japan and Poland suffered
greater losses. . . 1
American casualties so far total 107,965, including 18,980
DEAD, 761,675 wounded and 1,134 captured. South Korean
forces have riffered 192,960 casualties, including 27,690 dead.
Other Allied losses total 9,411 dead, wounded and missing.
The Defense Department estimates Communist military
casualties at 1,721,200. Civilian losses in North Korea are set
at 1,500,000. . - '
In South Korea, civilian war victims are estimated at more
than 2,000,000. The Korean embassy here said this included
120,000 massacred by the Communists and another 240,000
who were killed by enemy fire or died of the hardships in
duced by war.
j I The Korean war goes on.
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XIEWLY-APPOINTED UN COMMANDER in ihe Far East. Gen Mark W. Clark (rignl) holds an in
formal conference at Munsan, Korea, shortly aflehief UN iruce delegate; Gen. Matthew B. Ridgwa,'
(left to right) are Vice Admiral C. Joy Turner, cr he had flown from Tokyo. Pictured with him
whom Clark is replacing and Gen. James A.' Van Fleet, field commander in Korea. General Ridg
way left by plane yesterday with his wife and three-year-old son for Europe, j
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NEVER AGAIN to see ihe
beauties cf his native land. But
so overjoyed at returning to his
homeland is Pvt. A. Kalsioiis. a
Greek, soldier, that he falls to
his knees and kisses the soil of
Athens. Pvt. Katsiolis ; was
blinded while fighting in Korea.
CAPT. WILLIAM H. Gulches
(photo on left) of Wallington,
U. J chalks up as he lands a
a Korean airfield with SCO mis
sions completed. At the end of
World War II his total was 425.
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BRIG. GEN. Charles F. Colson
who took over the command at
Koje Island prisoner - of - war
camp after the Reds captured
and held Gen. Francis T. Dodd.
l.i-l: .. ' "I
a symphony of color,:
rl.ff-ii...v, 1 I'
Phone 21 59
Nigni: 8-8587. 3-3362
ADMITTEDLY SHOCKED AND SCARED. Betty Dodd, 21 (left),
scans a news report in Seattle, Wash., for overseas dispatches -concerning
her father. Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd, UN camp u
(pictured right) commandant held hostage by Communist prisoners.-;.,
for four days. The General was released by the Reds Saturday.,
General Dodd said from Seoul yesterday that the Communists v'
threatened to kill him and stage a mass break for freedom if i ;
8th Army troops entered the camp where he was held. The UK v
had massed some 20 tanks in preparation for freeing the General
when the Reds gave" him up. In the first time he was permitted to
iell his story of 78 hours spent as a hostage Dodd said. They ;
discussed with me. the effects of ihe use of force. They informed;; ;
me that if iroops entered the compound, they would resist; .that ,
my life would be forfeited and that there would be a simultaneous! " '
break from all compounds on the island." Gen. Mark Clark in ai, f
statement issued from Tokyo,, accused the Communists of "unril
adulterated blackmail" in seizing Dodd. He said the whole incident
was plotted for its propaganda effects; Clark disclosed ihaf Gen.1;'
Charles F. Colson, who took Dodd's post, had" io' promise the1 3 :
prisoners "humane treatment" in ihe future and thai he, was
forced to admit instances of "bloodshed where many pxisonf rs? ' r
of war have been killed or. wounded by UN forces."
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