Ti " iti ; -f s
mild with 60 high.
57; low, 40.
tJ H 0 L7.B3AET
Li, JJ. C. A
The editors talk
about a basketball
game. See p. 2.
VOLUME LX1, NUMBER 79
CHAPEL HILL, N. C, THURSDAY, JANUARY 22, 1953
FOUR PAGES TODAY
A middle course has to be steer
ed in allowing freedom of speech
among subordinate members of or
ganizations a factory, the Army,
the State Department, a church
Dr. Zechariah Chafee Jr. said here
"Although forcing men to say too
little is a mistake, some subordin
ates talk too much," he safa.
"Their views are trivial, or they
go on asserting them pertinanious
ly after they have been rejected.
Yet there is always the possibility
that the views which are rejected
are much more useful to the en
terprise than the views of the sup
erior official who did .the reject
ing." Dr. Chafee, a member of the Har
vard Law School faculty since 1919,
delivered in Memorial Hall the sec
ond in the series of three annual
Weil Lectures at the University.
With "Freedom in Special Situa
tions" as his general theme, Dr.
Chafee, who was introduced by
Dean Henry P. Brandis Jr. of the
Law School, took freedom of
speech in organizations, under the
specific title, "The Ship," as his
subject last night. Tuesday night he
discussed freedom of speech in ed
ucation. He will conclude the lec
tures tonight at 8:30 with a dis
cussion of freedom in the time of
crises, entitled "The Beleaguered
Dr. Chafee was guest of honor
at luncheon at the Carolina Inn yes
terday, given by the Committee on
Established Lectures of which Dr.
Alexander P. Heard is chairman.
Dr. Chafee said that "internally,
the power to make decisions has
to be concentrated. Considerable
despotism is inevitable in any-enterprise.
Yet sound decisions em
erge from discussion from infor
mation about facts and from opin
ions expressed by men in close con
tact with facts. Though subordinates
cannot decide, they may often be
allowed to persuade . . . How far
should they be able to express
views of facts and policies which
differ from the views of their su
periors?" To illustrate, Dr. Chafee told a
story of a passenger on a ship who
told the captain about a submerged
rock ahead. The captain denied it.
When the passenger insisted, the
captain had him thrown into the
sea. Soon afterward the vessel hit
"The attitude of superiors to
ward what their subordinates say
can increase or decrease the value
of cooperation," he declared.
"Moreover, it has marked effect
upon the esprit do corps upon the
happiness with which subordinates
do their work . . . On the other
hand, the possibility that the ex
pression of unpopular views will
be punished by lack of promotion,
assignment to disagreeable tasks,
or dismissal makes many subordin
ates silent and sullen."
Dr. Chafee said the external
problem involves a contest be
tween "truth inside the enterprise
and truth outside. Complete frank
ness inside is essential to efficien
cy, but compulsory disclosure to
outsiders may interfere with frank
ness, especially if the subordinate
fears that he will be penalized years
later by saying what the outsiders
will dislike." '
Wellman To Talk
Manly Wade Wellman, Chapel
Hill author, will be guest speaker at
a Bull's Head Bookshop tea to be
held in the Assembly-Exhibition
room of the Library this afternoon
at 3:45. . XT
He will discuss "Writing in North
Interviews are being held for
girls interested in holding posi
tions on the Women's Residence
Applications will be accepted
for chairman of the May Day
Committee, chairman of the Lead
ership Training Program, orien
tation chairman and editor of the
coed handbook. The orientation
chairman must be a junior and
the leadership chairman, a sen
ior. The other two positions may
be filled by a junior or senior.
Girls interested may obtain ap
plication forms from house managers.
PRESIDENT TRUMAN AND DWIGHT David Eisenhower wave to the crowd as they ride along
Washington's Pennsylvania Ave. enroute to the Capitol where Eisenhower was sworn in as the 34th presi
dent of the U. S. Ex-President Harry is headed for show-me land and his plans for a Harry Truman
library. NEA Telephoto.
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER and his wife are accompanied by the
Rev. Edward L. R. Elson as they leave National Presbyterian Church
n Washington after attending services. NEA Telephoto.
SEOUL American Sabre jet pil
ots stormed up near the Yalu River"
yesterday to rip apart formations
of Communist MIG-15's and blasted
seven of the Red jets out of North
Korean skies. Col. Royal N. Baker,
McKinney, Texas, the country's sec
ond ranking jet ace, knocked out
two of the Russian-built planes m
the MIG alley battles. His Korean
war kill total stood at nine MIG's
shot down and one propeller-driven
WASHINGTON .r-r Sen. Wayne
Morse said yesterday he has no
further objections to Senate con
firmation of eight of President
Eisenhower's cabinet selections.
Other legislators reported that
Charles E. Wilson's chance of be
coming defense secretary remain
"up in the air." The White House
said that President Eisenhower still
intends to name Wilson tp the post.
WASHINGTON Happy Republi
cans waltzed on into the wee hours
of Wednesday in a last great and
gala jubilee marking the inaugura-:
tion of President Eisenhower. The
Eisenhowers didn't hold out until,
the final curtain at 3 a.m., but de
nort.H at ltl8 a.m.. while long lines
of limousines and taxis, still stalled
in traffic, were still bringing guests.
MOSCOW The inauguration of
President Eisenhower was reported
yesterday in 83-word dispatches
from Washington on the back pages
of all Moscow newspapers.
In Play makers'
William M. Hardy, director of the
forthcoming Playmaker production
"Princess Ida," yesterday announ
ced his cast for the Gilbert and Sul
livan operetta. It is scheduled for
three evening performances Feb.
6-8 in Memorial Hall. Tickets will
go on sale Tuesday at Swain Hall
Principals in Uie cast include
Lanier Davis of Chapel Hill as King
Hildebrand; William Whitesides of
York, S. C: as Prince Hilarion;
James T. Pritchett of Lenoir as
Cyril; Harold England of Mars Hill
as Florian; Tommy Rezzuto of Ashe
ville as King Gama.
Nancy Murray of Raleigh as Prin
cess Ida; Wade Williams of Sa
vannah, Ga. as Arac; George Boozer
of Lexington, S. C. as Guron; Bar
clay Gordon of Huntington,. L. I.,
N. Y. as -Scynthius; Jo Jurgensen
of Chapel Hill as Lady Blanche.
Jean Hillman of Newark, Del.
as Lady Psyche; Ann Davis of Cha
pel Hill as Melissa; Nancy Green
of Chapel Hill as Chloe, and Mary
Helen Craih of Durham as, Ada.
Members of the choruses include
Joanne Murphey, Lookout Moun
tain, Tenn.; Anne Mackie, Chapel
Hill; Letitia House, Beaufort; Neta
Whitty, New Bern; Frances O'Neal,
Chapel Hill; Dorothy Liggett, Pitts
Virginia Young, Chapel Hill; Eu
gene Wagoner, Yadkinville; Charles
Johnston, Decatur, Ga.; Jack Phil
lips, Durham; John Humber, Green
ville; Dan Reid, Raleigh; John Tay
lor, Wheeling, W. Va.; Dan McFar
land, Durham, and James Pruett,
By Tom Neal Jr.
Symphonic music has been rising
to the rafters of a near-empty Me
morial Hall here these past eight
Dr. Benjamin Swalin, disting
uished Tar Heel conductor, with
his North Carolina "Suitcase Sym
phony" has been rehearsing day
and night in the Universtiy hall for
the current Symphony tour. Re
hearsals began in Chapel Hill on
Jan. 13, and the musicians started
on the road yesterday afternoon
for two months of engagements
with small communities.
The 25-piece Little Symphony of
the North Carolina Symphony tours
its namesake state for the major
ity of its performances. But the
orchestra also offers programs for
children and adults to neighborin,
Tennessee, South Carolina, West
Virginia and Alabama.
The most unusual aspect of the
Symphony work is that half of its
130 concerts are free, educationa
programs for school youngsters
The North Carolina legsilature ap
propriates one seventh of the Sym
phonie's budget to help defray ex
penses for these concerts.
In addition to the free chidren's
orchestral programs, the Symphony
plays evening adult concerts.
When the Little Symphony tour
winds up on March 20, rehearsals
will begin with the Full Symphony
This complete symphony tours
larger cities of this state from
April 9-May 13. They will play here
on May 6. '
Conductor Swalin and his wife
make their home in Chapel Hill at
303 North' Columbia Street. Sym
phony offices are housed in Swain
The complete Little Symphony
tour schedule has been released by
the North Carolina Symphony So
ciety. Part of it follows:
During January: Louisburg, 21;
Roanoke Rapids, 22; Camp Butner,
23; Elizabeth City, 26; Henderson,
27; Robersonville, 28; Morehead
City, '28; Smithfield, 29; Lumber
ton, 30. "
By Jim Wilkinson
Socialism has done1 much for
the ills of Great Britain, accord
ing to a prominent church figure
of that country, and is pretty
much "here to stay."
That's the opinion of Chancel
lor T. R. Milford, a visitor here
as a lecturer for the Department
of Religion and the Inter-Faith
Council. One of four Canons. on
the staff of ancient Lincoln
Cathedral in England, he is also
titular guardian of the Magna
In an interview, Chancellor
Milford voiced approval of many
of the changes which Socialism
has brought to England. The aver
age wage earner in Britain today
is better off than before the war.
By Louis Kraar
Student Legislature convenes
tonight at 7:30 in Phi Hall with
virtually the entire Student Par
ty's fall platform up for discus
sion. Seven bills were introduced
by SP legislators last week in the
opening session which corres
pond to planks in the party plat
form. The bills move to:
1. Establish a committee to in
vestigate possibilities of open
2. Look into a more liberal
class cut policy.
3. Amend the general elections
law to make candidates include
samples of cigarettes, candy, etc.
in their expense accounts.
4. Revise the selection of can
didates for the Student Council.
5. Soundproof dormitories "at
the earliest possible moment."
6. Get better communications
facilities in' dormitories.
7. Appoint a committee to look
into having coed visiting hours
In elections held last week by
the Card Board, Bob Skillan was
elected president succeeding
Jim Stegall. -
Other election results were
Bob Bell, chief usher; Lib Sud
dreth, secretary; Laura Holo
man, chief of the artist staff and
Carl Gregory, chief of the office
The dean of students office add
ed to its accomplishments yester
day., morning when Fran Weaver,
wife of Dean Fred Weaver, gave
birth to a daughter, Elizabeth Gail
(6 lbs., 11 ozs.) at Memorial Hos
pital here. Mrs. Weaver is a former
Carolina coed. The daughter is their
first child. Just last week, Mrs
Roy Holsten, wife of the assistant
-dean of students, gave birth to a
Fraternity and sorority presi
dents should turn in their approved
remodeling plans to the dean of
students office by tomorrow, Roy
Holsten said yesterday.
P. L. Burch, Chapel Hill build
ing inspector, must agree that the
plans fulfill the state's require
ments for removal of fire hazards.
Holsten said five construction
companies will be asked to submit
bids for the collective job of in
stalling fire escapes in the fratern
ity and sorority houses.
Working In England,
Stay, Milford Thinks
he maintained, and pointed to
the number of new television an
tennas on rooftops as an indica
tion. But the Chancellor had far
more concrete evidence for his
belief. Despite continued ration
ing and scarcities, he said, the
lower working classes have bene
fitted greatly from programs like
the health plan, aid to education
and nationalization of certain in
dustries such as the mines and
To a large extent, he affirmed,
"Socialism is here to stay." He
does not believe that the Church
ill government will be able to
push back the inroads of social
ism made under the Labor Party.
And, he continued, the Conserva
mm Socio! Koosms
for social rooms in men's dormi
tories. The new chairmen of the stand
ing committees, which were se
lected last week, are expected to
appoint committee members.
New committee chairmen are
Jack Stilwell (UP), Ways 'and
Means; Bill Acker (SP), Finance;
Wade Matthews (SP-UP), Rules;
Jane Kottmeier (SP), Coed Af
fairs; and Al Baylor (SP), Ar
chives. Although SP has a working
majority, the key post of chair
man of the Ways and Means
committee went to a UP legisla
tor, Stilwell. Consensus among
politicians was that neither party
would completely dominate leg
islative action because of the
election of Stilwell to this po
All bills which do not specific
ally fall into the catagories of
any of the other committees are
given to the Ways and Means
committee. In practice, most bills
go through this committee.
To Beth Israel
Dr. Cecil G. Sheps, director of
program planning and research pro
fessor of health planning in the
Division of Health Affairs in the
University, has been appointed exe
cutive director of Beth Israel Hos
pital in Boston.
Beth Israel Hospital is one of
Boston's leading teaching hospitals
and is associated with Harvard
University and Tufts Medical Col
lege. Dr. Sheps will remain in his po
sition here until next summer and
take up his duties in Boston in
Dr. Sheps came to the University
six years ago as a member of the"
School of Public Health faculty
and was named the first director
of Program Planning, a part of
the Division of Health Affairs,
which was begun a year ago to
speed the extension of services
from the Division to the people of j
His work in promoting the Pro
gram, Planning project has now
been established and will continue
under a new director to be selected
later in the year.
The initiation of the project here
was made possible by a grant from
the Rockefeller Foundation to the
University to sponsor a planning
staff for the Division of Health Af
fairs. It forms one arm of the ad
ministrative offices of the Division
and works with the Division Ad
ministrator, Dr. Henry T. Clark Jr.,
and the various health deans.
tives are apparently coming to
the same conclusion since their
campaign promises to de-nationalize
certain industries has come
to naught after more than a year
in power. To erase these meas
ures, he averred, "would be
wrecking a system that has just
begun to work."
Why then was the Labor Party
turned out? For much the same
reason the U. S. had a party
switch, he opined "It was time
for a change."
A very complex tax system has
been formulized in England, the
Chancellor explained, to distri
bute the wealth more evenly and
equalize opportunity among all
classes. It is similar to the U. S.
(See BACKWARD, page 4)
o Worn si Vis iH' its;
111 EllO LOilO 'l&dlflnl.
Connor Dormitory for male grad
uate students will soon have the
privilege of unchaperoned women
visitors in the social rooms three
days a week.
Connor President Earl Diamond,
who has led a committee towards
the gaining of visiting privileges,
said yesterday it appears likely that
the first women guests will be
entertained this weekend. Open
house has been tentatively set for
The right of visiting privileges
for coeds in men's dormitories has
been fought for over the years.
In nearly every year's Legislature
there is a bill asking for the privi
leges and nearly every year one
of the campus political parties puts
such an idea into its platform.
Visiting privileges for the gradu
ate dormitory were granted con
ditionally by the dean of students
office. Connor agreed to obtain
four faculty members and their
wives to serve as a visiting com
mittee. As of yesterday afternoon
the committee was but one mem
ber short of the requirement. Dia
The visiting committee will serve
an advisory function, suggesting en
tertainment ideas and social room
improvements. Its presence will not
be required at parties and dances,
Visiting will be permitted on Fri
days (8 to 12 p.m.), Saturdays
(2 to 12), and Sundays (2 to 7).
"Connor ought to be compliment
ed for the work it has done in im
proving social facilities," Assistant
Dean of Students Roy Holsten said.
He added, "This is not a test
case to see how well the dormitor
ies in general can handle visiting
privileges. It is based on the gradu
ate students' needs and their ma
ture fulfillment of other obvious
Manning Muntzing (SP) Thursday
night introduced a bill to have the
Student Legislature appoint a com
mittee to "negotiate with the dean
of women and the dean of students
for coed visiting hours in the social
rooms of men's dormitories.
Get New lags
RALEIGH, Jan. 21 (Special)
Sales of ney license tags continue
to lage with little more than one
week to go before 1952 plates be
come invalid, the State Department
of Motor Vehicles said today.
News of the puzzling decline of
new tag sales had Motor Vehicles
Commissioner L. R. Fisher worried.
He reminded Tar Heel auto and
truck owners that long .waiting
lines would be the inevitable re
sult unless sales picked up rapidly.
From the Registration Division,
Director Foy Ingram said through
January 12 only 505,892 new tags
had been issued. This compares
with 535,699 sold through the same
date last year.
In the Raleigh area Fisher re
minded motorists that the Motor
Vehicles office will be closed Sat
urday, Jan. 31, as are all state of
fices. Thus Friday, Jan. 30 will be
the last day new tags may be se
cured from the Raleigh office.
(See NEW TAGS, page 2)
William G. Howe, statistics
grad student from Rochester,
N. Y., was the only student on
the Recorder's Court docket this
Howe was found not guilty be
fore Judge William S. Stewart
after being charged with failure
to yield the right of way.