0 II C Library
Chapsl. Hill, K. C.
' - S:- -" -f-'-'ir.-'--" '
, Cloudy and cool
with 50 high. Yester
day's high, 66; low,
over page 2 today.
VOLUME LVI, NUMBER 108
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
THURSDAY, MARCH 5, 1953 .
FOUR PAGES TODAY
t 1 I I B I I t 1 I ! V I in II I t f filial fe 1 E- T I S I H -Y i
at IGfltlPUSI Wodiiie
Bid With &
University Party presidential
pick Bob Gorham yesterday chal
lenged Ken Penegar, Student Par.
ty presidential nominee, "to debate
the issues of the campaign."
"I want to carry the issues of
this campaign to the students,"
Gorham declared. "I am therefore
issuing a challenge to Ken Penegar
to debate . the issues of the cam-
By Rolfe Neill
The University, after two days of
probing into its 'vitals, prescribed
some strong medicine for itself last
The occasion was the close of a
two-day conference on the State of
the University, an experiment in
Chairmen of the four major pan
els read their groups' reports at a
dinner meeting. Page after page
gave detailed analyses and sugges
tions for (1) undergraduate instruc
tion; (2) research and graduate
teaching; (3) student-faculty rela
tionships, and (4) the integrated
mission -of the total university in
service to the state.
Some 688 faculty members
over half of the Consolidated Uni
versity s instruction staff sar
dined into Lenoir Hall for a big
ineal and a pair of big speeches,
one by President Gray and the
other by Charles F. Carroll, state
superintendent of public schools.
Gray concentrated his remarks
on a reassurance to the faculty
that neither the Executive Commit
tee nor the Board of Trustees was
trying to usurp faculty preroga
tives. His talk obviously referred
to the stormy question of whose
right it was to decide on Saturday
classes. The Board of Trustees ul
timately backed its Executive Com
mittee but the Chapel Hill faculty :
adopted a strong report protesting
any such future move which would
indicate "a loss of confidence in
Gray referred to it as the recent
"rather loose-jointed affair." Out
Df it, he said, "came a feeling, a
strong feeling . . . that somehow
the Executive Committee had lost
confidence in our faculty." j
"I can say to you," the President
continued, "that this is not the
fact. . . . They have a growing con
fidence in you."
Later he said, "I think I can
venture a prediction. . . . There
will be a greater caution on the
part of the Trustees in exercising
control in faculty affairs."
He said he was instructed by
the Trustees to make these remarks
to the faculty. Victor Bryant Sr.
and Tom Pearsall, both Executive
Committee members, were present
and introduced as guests at the din
Gray said there "was a feeling
by some that this (fight it out in
trustee meetings) was a chance to
be emancipated from the dicta
torial Executive Committee. ... I
make this remark in all good hu
mor. "We cannot destroy (the Execu
tive Committee). ... We need it
to get the business of this uni
Superintendent Carroll, as the
main speaker of the evening, talk
ed on the topic, "Higher Educa
tion and the Public Schools." He
traced the history of education and
the impact of mass education.
Carroll lamented with the uni
versity that "you are having to
spend a disproportionate amount of
time in teaching the tool subjects."
However, he said, the remedy was
with the university. "Give us more
(See PANELS, page 4)
Judge W. S. Stewart heard a
case involving two students this
week when George P. Mull, sen
ior from Vale, and freshman Wil
liam E. Finnerty appeared before
him, each charging the other
Mull was found guilty of as
sault with a deadly weapon (a
knife) and fined $25 and costs.
Finnerty was found not guilty.
paign. I want to hold these debates
everywhere we can get a group
together, no matter what the size."
Gorham said he thought the im
portant thing in the election is
"getting" to the students and talk
ing to them." "I know that these
debates are the best way of ac
complishing this," he added.
The practice of debates between
the presidential candidates is tra
ditional in campus political cam
paigns. Last year UP'sHam Hor
tonand SP's Ken Barton held sev
eral of these verbal bouts.
"I realize that Ken (Penegar)
is a more polished debater than I
can ever hope to be, but I am
confident that the things I believe
in can be expressed in simple
words," said Gorham.
The UP presidential candidate
cited as one of the many issues
he wanted to take to the students
the "manner in which the Student
Entertainment Series is being fi
nanced." He said, "Since every
Brown Blasts SP, Files
By Louis Kraar
Bill Brown, for two years one of
the most ardent Student Party
members, filed yesterday as an in
dependent candidate for vice-
'I'm sick and tired of 'pretend' I
representation and 'supposed' rep
resentation," declared Brown yes
terday. He went on to explain he
felt the SP "hasn't lived up to the
ideals of former years."
Brown was one of four candi
dates trying for the SP vice-presidential
nomination last week.. He
was eliminated on the first ballot.
Asked yesterday if he would re
main in the Student Party, Brown
said, "I'm not bitter, but I hardly
see how I could." Brown edits the
party paper, Mr. Chairman.
AFL President George Meany
in testimony before the House
Labor Committee, urged Con
gress to rewrite the "oppressive"
Taft-Hartley law by adopting 10
sweeping amendments. Meany
was the first union witness called
to testify at the committee's pub
lic hearings on revision of the
law. NEA Telephoto.
tonight At 8:30
Mountain ballads and revival Asked whether works . of art,
hymns highlight the Carolina Play- particularly reproductions of fa
makers' production af "A Ballad ou paintings, will come under
for Jeanme, opening tonignt ai
the Plavmakers Theater.
rn,wtH hv Rettv Vickerv of
Gadsden, Ala., the play was writ-
ten by Lyn Neill ana tens tne
story of the tragic love of a moun -
tain gin ior -
An unusual feature of the pro-
duction is the dream sequence
choreography for which was done
by Virginia Young of Chapel Hill,
who also serves as choral director.
"A Ballad for Jeannie" is en-
tirely student produced, with Fos -
ter Fitz-Simons and Kai Jurgensen
acting as faculty advisers. Tonight's
curtain is at 7:30; tomorrow night's,
with members of the Southeastern
Theater Conference as guests, at'
8:30. There is no admission charge.
student pays a fee to this program,
I feel he has an inside interest in
its workings. I want to find out
every student's opinion on this mat
ter." , '
On the controversial question of
f ratesnity versus non-fraternity in
politics, -Gorham had this to say:
"In past years, certain political
factions have insisted on dividing
the students of this University in.
to two segments: non-fraternity and
fraternity. This is one of the most
damaging things ever to occur in
student government. These politic-
ians have supposedly been acting
in the best interests of the stu
dents.They claim to love and cher
ish Carolina yet they would de
stroy the unity which is The Car
"This is the type of thing that
must be done away with. It is a
wrongdoing that must not and will
not enter this campaign. We are
all students of the same Univers
(See GORHAM, page 3)
' Commenting on the party revolt,
Party Chairman Lew Southern
said, "I am a bit surprised. I be
lieved Bill's labors in the party
were motivated by more than self
interest. - However, this, move in-
dicates the contrary.'
Brown, stated, "I think the stu
dents deserve something more for
the $72,000 they spend on Student
Government. It's high time some
of our politicians and political par
ties realized the students deserve
honest to goodness, real representa
tion. - They deserve $15 worth of
good from student government
after all, that is what they are pay
ing each year.
The independent candidate has
served almost two years in Legisla
(See SP WAVERS, page 4)
Georgia For Putting Wraps On
Art Nudes, Monroe Calendars
. ATLANTA, Ga., March 4. (Special) The state of Georgia has de
clared a clean-up war on obscene books, magazines and pictures with
the appointment of a three-man board of censors consisting of a Bap
tist minister, a theater owner and a country editor.
The commission will first go after suggestive covers on the fronts
of magazines and books, particu-'
larly pocket books. The three men
Report they have received mail
from private citizens suggesting
that particular items be cracked
The censors promised that every
such item will be investigated, and
invited all Georgians to come to
the scheduled public hearing and
(bring samples of printed matter
Which is "offensive to the chastity
or modesty of the people."
The censorship commission dif
fers from that established by the
city of Boston in that the Georgia
board has no actual powers of en
forcement. It, however, does have
tremendous powers of suggestion.
It may brand any printed item cir
culated within the state, except
newspapers and religious publica
tions, as "obscene" and order that
its circulation be ceased within 30
If circulation does not cease, the
board is authorized to recommend
to the solicitor general of the judi
cial circuit in which the matter is
circulated that the offenders be
the provisions 0f the act, a mem-i
' Jipr of thp'rnmTnissinn snir! "T rtrvn't i
whether or not they are art. It's
iustful to me."
, Monroe calendar, he said, "Yes,
there are some calendars that
Tj a wpojtj Jj
er ne works ot ueonrey inaucer,
medieval English writer whose
lfPicy works are considered classics,
"will be banned by the board a
"If there is anything in Chaucer
which shocks the decency of the
public and violates the law, then I
I (See OBSCENITY, page 4)
Sign in coed's room: "Diet, you
Outlandish hats that make
their appearance every time it
rains. . ';.
Enterprising male changing
girl's dorm lamp bulb from
white to red.
The Presbyterian Outlook edi
torially objected to the firing of
' the Rev. Charles Jones and warn
"of - the far reaching effects
which flow from such a radical
Mr. Jones was dismissed last
week by the Orange Presbytery.
The magazine stated, however,
that "no one questions the right
"of a commission to take the
steps that have been taken."
"We cannot believe," the edi
torial continued, "that the great
est interest of the Kingdom have
been served in the action of
Orange Presbytery's commission
in ousting the paster of the Cha
pel Hill Church."
"It is unfortunate for tha Cha
pel Hill officers and congrega
tion who have tried, at great
cost, to provide dynamic church
alongside one of our great uni
versities," the editorial stated.
- The magazine, one of three
such independent publications
that has wide circulation in the
Southern area, concluded, "How
to conserve "the values and to
avoid utter dissipation of the
great opportunity at this strate
gic center is the problem rest
ing these people. They deserve
our prayers. They will need
To End Friday
Semper Fidelis Society's clothes-for-Korea
collection grew by ap
prorimately 1,000 pounds from a
house-to-house pickup Tuesday.
The Society, an organization of
Marine Corps officer candidates
here, launched the drive on Feb.
23 in connection with the estab-
iisnmeni oi an orpnanage in ro-
hang, Korea by the First Marine
Air Wing of the First Marine Di-
vision. The collection will continue
through Friday. !
Publicity in the form of hand-
bills were circulated throughout
the residential sections and were
, . , , ,.
placed in the Varsity and Carolina.
Theaters, Sutton's and Sloan's
Drug Stores. Chairman of the proj-
ect committee is Howard Tickle.
Publicity chairman is Ned Beeker.
The Society's plans for the re-
i mainder of the year include
supper meeting at the Pines Res
taurant tonight at 7 o'clock when statement asserting his belief that
the Marines will be shown instruc- j Russian people as a whole
j . . . I share the American desire "for
tive films and discuss intelligence , . , - . . ,
, a friendly and peaceful world. .
in Korea and the use of the pistol. ; pint issued a statement
They will also elect officers for while the National Security Coun
the coming year. J cil was in session which was di
rected to the Russian people, rath
Later, in the year they hold an er y, expressing even formal
inaugural dance. Also scheduled to solicitude over. Stalin's condition,
address the Society is Dr. Bernard Mr. Eisenhower said that during
Boyd, professor of religion here'3 moment when many Russians
and a former Marine Corps chap- were coerned because of Stalin's
, . , . . illness, the thoughts of America
lam. He is an-honorary member went oat to lhe common people
of Semper Fidelis here. of the USSR.
Metropolitan Opera Soprano Na-j
dine Conner will appear in con- j
cert here at 8 o'clock tonight in
Students will be admitted free
upon presentation of their ID cards,
and tickets for seats left over will
be available to faculty and towns
people at $1 from 7:40 p.m. on.
Doors open at 7 o'clock.
Miss Conner is being brought
here by the Student Entertainment
Committee which schedules events
during the year with funds paid
by students through the block fee.
The attractive Met singer made
her debut with the company sev
eral years ago and since then she
has received excellent reviewer
notices. She is considered as one
of America's finest young opera
singers. She has been in several
motion pictures, appeared as so
loist with leading symphony or
chestras and made other appear
ances on radio and television
Her program for tonight has not
Student members of the spon
soring SEC are Chairman Bob
Simmons, Bill Brain, Walt Ernst,
Al Neely and Bill Watt. Faculty
advisers are Samuel Selden of the
Dramatic Art Department, Dr.
William S. Newman of the Music
Department and Olin Mouzon of
the School of Business Administra
tion. LONDON Moscow announced
yesterday that Josef Stalin is
gravely ill after suffering a brain
stroke." Leaders of the Commun
ulation i n
J A the diplom-
s atic ranlcs
Stalin a 1
that the Communists were leading
up to the disclosure of that in
easy stages. Western correspond
ents in Moscow were unable, be
cause of censorship, to indulge in
any sort of speculation. Meanwhile,
it was believed yesterday that Rus
sia's foreign Minister Andrei Y,
Vishinsky who has presented the
Soviet case in the U. N. debate on
Korea, may return to Moscow as
a result of .Stalin's grave illness.
WASHINGTON Gen. James
A Van Fleet declared vesterdav
tfae United Nations forces can win
a military victory in Korea without
enlarging that war into a greater
conflict. And, he said, he knows
,f ,n otheTy to break Y16 de
lock over the pnsoners-ofwar is-
sue, the great snag of armistice
talks. With the four-star general
in the witness chair, of the House
Armed Services Committee, Rep.
patterson (R Conn) asked: Is
there any solution to the problem
( of interchange of prisoners?" Van
Fleet replied in one word: "Vic-
WASHINGTON President Eis
enhower yesterday took note of
- - Josef Stalin's illness by issuing a
5 ' -H I
SOPRANO NADINE CONNER
Sch olarship A wards
Fourteen students were awarded Morehead Scholarships for the
1953-'54 yesterday, climaxing two and a half days of deliberation by
the foundation trustees and the Central Committee.
One of the two students receiving graduate scholarships was Ham
Law Is Legal
The Student Council has de
cided that a new law designed
to take nomination of its own
members out of the hands of
political parties is legal.
The constitutionality of the
law was questioned by Attorney
General Phin Horton. -
The law provides for a Selec
tions Board to choose the candi
dates for the highest student
government court rather than
the political parties. The board
-is to be composed of chairmen
of other courts plus two mem
bers appointed by the president
The new selection plan will go
into effect for the spring elec
tions. Large Number
In connection with the appear-
anno Vi oro QntnrH qt nf ITmlvn Wil-
lism nntpH Wpkh rtnr wVm will
give portrayals of characters from j however, that they will be con
Charles Dickens, the Library has!tinued untd the student reaches
an exhibit on a collection of books
by and about Dickens.
Housed in the Library's Rare
' Book Room, the collection was be-1
gun and enlarged through the gen- i
erosity of William A. Whitaker of
l New York, an alumnus of the
j class of 1904; James S. Childers
j of Atlanta, and other friends of
! the University.
1 "Interest in Charles Dickens and
his books! and characters." says
Librarian Charles E. Rush, "has
never slackened, and now as Em -
lyn Williams lives his readings
throughout the United States. re
newed enthusiasm for Dickens and
his places and people is evidenced."
The Dickens collection in the
rare book room includes many
first editions, both as first issued
in serial pamphlet form and later
in bound books, and a rare 60
volume set printed in England in
1831, finely illustrated and exqui
One of only 10 such sets, it is
(See DICKENS, page 2)
Horton, president of the student
body. The other graduate winner
was Andy Bell, outstanding UNC
The 47 nominees from colleges,
junior colleges and high schools
from all over North Carolina had
been in Chapel Hill since Monday.
During this time they were inter
viewed and carefully screened by
the final reviewing authorities.
, The trustees stated that the gen
eral excellence of all the students
made selection extremely difficult.
With undergraduate scholarships
being awarded , for the first time
this year, the total number of
scholarships exceeded by six the
number of others awarded in any
one of the two previous years.
The awards will mean $1,500 a
year for graduate students and $1,
250 for undergraduates.
Ronald D. Current of Winston-
ISalem was the only winner in the
junior college class. He is pres
iently a sophomore at Lees-McRae.
The 11 high school students se
lected were as follows:
Joseph W. Best, Clinton; John G.
Blount, Washington, N. C; Norman
A. Chamberlain, Matthews; James
Gooden Exum Jr., Snow Hill; Rob
ert Garner, Oxford Orphanage;
William E. Gramley, Winston
Salem; Marion Wilson Griffin, Da
vidson; John Francis Monroe, Coun
cil; Mebane Moore Pritchett, Le
noir; Edward W. Sutton, Cullo
whee, and Lawrence C. Walker, Mt.
The scholarships are awarded
! r &ne ye3r OT1 the assumption,
tinued as long as the student's per
formance warrants it.
John Motley Morehead, who es
tablished the foundation, was pres
ent yesterday when the boys were
given word of their awards.
The Semper Fidelis Society will
meet tonight at 7 o'clock in the
dining room of the Pines. All
; those planning to attend are asked
!to call Major Caldwell or TSgt.
' Qumn at the Naval Armory by
- .non today.
May Queen Vote
Primary elections for May
Queen and her court will be held
in house meetings in all sorori
ties and coed dormitories today.
Town girls may vote at the
Town Council Room in the Y be
tween 11 and 12 this morning
and from 3 to 4 this afternoon.
Final elections will be held next