.I ItS TKS TAR U5ZL
Sunny and warm
with 70 high. Yes
terday's high, 72;
PRE VI EW
John Taylor gets
earnest on p. 2 to
day. VOLUME LV!, NUMBER 114
CHAPEL HILL, N. C. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 25, 1953
FOUR PAGES TODAY
l - -
THE DEATH OF RUSSIAN Premier Josef Stalin brought abrupt
changes to the Soviet Union and to the Korean War front. Here a
7th Division G.I. brings a road sign up to date. The sign, which
formerly read "Joe Sees You," and now reads, "Georgi Sees You,"
lies in an area which is under the constant observation of Com
munist troops. NEA Telephoto.
Dr. Howard Washington Odum of
Carolina has been recognized by
the UNC Trustees as the consoli
dated faculty member making the
"greatest contribution to the wel
fare of the human race" during
the current scholastic year.
Dr Odum is a Kenan professor
here and head of the Department ,
. , ii li . i
of Sociology ana Anxnropoiuyy.
He was given the O. Max Gard
ner award at the fifth annual din
ner held Sunday at Woman's Col
lege in Greensboro. Albert Coates,
director of the Institute of Govern
ment here, won the award last
The award was set up by for
mer Gov. Gardner in his will and
LONDON The queen mother
who spent a life of tragedy guard
ing her millions of royal subjects,
died in her sleep yesterday at the
age of 85. Queen Mary, grand
mother of the present Queen Eliza
beth, lived through two world wars
and the heartache of banishing the
wife of her favorite son after he
refused the English throne to mar
ry a divorcee. Court officials said
the queen's death will not delay the
June 2 coronation of Elizabeth.
MT. CHARLESTON, Nev. A top
secret atomic device, believed to
be the warhead of this country's
new atomic artillery sheU, was ex
ploded early yesterday while some
1,300 troops huddled in trenches
two and a half miles from "ground
zero." There were no casualties, ac
cording to the Atomic Energy Com
mission after the blast.
FRANKFORT, Germany Four
anti-Communist Czech brought a
freedom plane out of their home
land after slugging the operator
and grabbing the controls at gun
Point. First details of the daring
dash for freedom came from U. S.
High Commissioner James B. Con
ant yesterday. He said the pilot and
three fellow conspirators refused
to land the craft with 29 persons
aboard at Rhine-Main airport in
West Germany until American au
thorities had assured the four they
ould be granted asylum.
WASHINGTON Congress' elder
statesman Bernard Baruch sug
gested yesterday that Congress quit
having so many secret committee
meetings and "tell the American
People what's going on." He con
tinued, "All this talk about gov
ernment secrets is a lot of hokum."
Earuch told the Senate Banking
Committee, "Foreign agents know
more about military matters than
ur own people. They went to the
heart nr,A t c tun otnmie
aim ueiiici ui nc M
homb before I knew one was be-made."
DR. HOWARD ODUM
carries an engraved citation and a
check for annual income from a
$25,000 trust fund set up by the
governor. Gov. Gardner considered
the creation of the consonaatea
University the outstanding acnieve
ment of his administration.
Part of the award citation de-cfi-ihfrl
T)r Odum as ". . . the in-
spiring teacher of generations of
undergraduate ana graauaie stu
dents, devoted and efficient serv
ant of the state and nation in nu
merous official and unofficial as
signments, founder and builder of
research programs, ob
jective and realistic worker for
better race relations.
. . As scholar and author, Dr.
Odum has been amazingly and sig-
nificantly productive, jviucn oi is
writing ranks with the best of con
temporary creative literature. ..."
The Carolina professor is well
known among farmers for . his
breeding activities in dairy cattle.
He is one of the master breeders
of registered Jersey cattle.
Recently he served as chairman
of President Gray's State of the
Dr. Odum responded after the
award stressing the theme that "O.
Max Gardner was the symbol and
reality of the all-State University,
moving surely toward the fruition
of achievements for North Caro
lina even beyond the Gardner
Dr. Odum was a pioneer in the
field of rural social work and pub
lic welfare. In Chapel Hill he es
tablished the first school of public
welfare in the country and served
as its director for 12 years.
The Gardner award winner has
long been interested and produc
tive in the field of race relations
Part of his citation pointed out
how he "(approaches) the prob
lem in his quiet objective manner;
he is perhaps more intimately ac
quainted with the many f acets of
race relations in the South and m
ST nation than any other individual."
Not Pace Setter
The University's new hospital
isn't driving nursing salaries up
with its own pay scale, merely fol
lowing the rates of comparable hos
pitals, Dr. Robert Cadmus, direc
tor of Memorial Hospital, said yes
terday. Furthermore, the director added,
he hoped the Chapel Hill hospital
could increase its salaries from
$220 to $240 a month if the Gen
eral Assembly appropriates the in
stitution's budget requests.
So far, every hospital request has
gone through committee uncut.
This includes $823,190 recommend
ed by the Advisory Budget Com
mission and an additional $713,765
recommended by the appropria
tions subcommittee in the legisla
ture. However, the hospital's $716,765
emergency request was sharply
questioned in committee this week.
Rep. Ed. O'Herron of Mecklenburg
said the Chapel Hill hospital is
working nurses shorter hours at
higher wages. University hospital
nurses get $220 a month compared
to $210 at Charlotte Memorial, he
(See NURSES, page 4)
SUAB Begins New Film Series
Next Tuesday -With Comedies
Comedy is the keynote for the
first of five programs of the
Student Union Activities Board
film series of the spring.
The program begins next Tues
day with a triple feature high
lighting the Marx Brothers in
"Duck Soup," W. C. Fields in
"The Barber Shop," and "Broth
erhood of Man."
"All Quiet" On The Western
Front" will be featured April 16,
"The Gaucho" on April 30, "Tor
ment" on May 14 and "Mr.
Smith Goes To Washington," an
Academy Award winner, on May
Price of the whole series, in
Good natured Air Force ser
geant obligingly changing step
as B-V-P males count cadence
from their second story perch.
Coed proudly exhibiting dia
mond engagement ring to ex
flame. Prof's wife to fellow shopper
in local supermarket, "Well,
we're about over our Spring holi
days except for Linda; she's got
a bad dose of pink eye."
Up For Award
Kenneth G. Anderson is the UNC
representative who will be inter
viewed for one of three scholar
ship awards to recognize the most
outstanding cadet ROTC officers in
the United States.
Selection for the awards will be
based on college or university
achievement in air, army or naval
science, general academic ' record
and demonstrated qualities of lead
ership in all activities.
Candidates are limited to active
members of Scabbard and Blade,
honorary ROTC military fraternity.
First place award is $300; second
and third places are $200 and $100
The three national winners will
be chosen by a three-man commit
tee appointed by the national offi
cers of Scabbard and Blade.
The local chapter f o Phi Delta Theta will not take any formal
action on the stand of the Williams College house which has pledged
a Jew despite a "white Aryan" clause in the national constitution.
Phi Delt President -Bert E. Harrell of Morganton said yesterday
his group here would not vote be-$-
cause "we fell like it'd be a lost
cause a year and a half ahead of
(convention time." Phi Delta Theta
will hold its biennial national con
vention in 1954 and at that time
the constitution could be changed.
"Right now," Harrell added,
"we're standing by the constitution
A Phi Delt spokesman at Oxford,
Ohio, the fraternity's national
headquarters and founding place,
said there is a feeling among many
members that the constitution
should be amended. However, any
suspensions incurred by local chap
ters Williams was suspended
will have to remain in force until
the 1954 convention.
Meanwhile, at Brown University
in Providence, R. I., Phi Delt Presi
dent Robert Jacobsen said his
chapter plans to pledge several
Jewish students. Several other
chapters already have given the
Williams branch their moral sup
port. Phi Delta Theta, one of the larg
est social fraternities in existance,
has 115 chapters in 43 states and
six Canadian provinces.
cluding five features and four
shorts, is $1.50.
Purpose of the programs,
which" were successful last quar
ter, is to "provide a form of film
entertainment not otherwise
available ot the viewing public in
this area," according to Bill Roth,
Graham Memorial Director. This
is a non-profit division of SUAB
and operates on funds obtained
from series membership.
"This organization was created
in response to repeated requests
for this type entertainment,"
added Roth. He urged students
to obtain their tickets now at
Graham Memorial "for the low
series price of $1.50."
Who Left SP
Henry Lowet, unsuccessful can
didate for the Student Party vice-
presidential nomination, took a
swing at independent candidates
Wade Matthews and Bill Brown
"The two independent candidates
who have tossed their hats into the
political ring sought refuge in the
'rank and file,' as they state, 'of
the student body.' Wade Matthews
and Bill Brown are persons well
versed in student politics who lost
in the race for the vice-presidential
nomination in the Student Party.
"Upon learning of their defeats,
both Matthews and Brown vowed
their continued support of the Par
ty's program and candidates. With
in ten days both had filed as in
dependent candidates for top posts,
denouncing the party which they
had pledged to support. Yet Brown
and Matthews had fought hard to
win a party nomination and were
exceptionally willing to accept an
"This sort of action seems pe
culiar to juniors who have an ap
petite for becoming, 'campus dig
nitaries' in their senior year. They
are willing to sacrifice everything
to fulfill their desires, even if it
means attacking their former as
sociates to provide meat for an
Lowet, , Matthews and Brown
were defeated in their bids for the
SP vice-presidential backing. A
runoff between Lowet and Baxter
Miller gave Miller a 27-22 victory.
DR. ERIC C. RUST
To 2 Lectures
Dr. Eric Rust, a British mathe
matical and atomic physicist who
became a Baptist theologian, will
give two public lectures here to
morrow. He will speak at 4 p'.m. to the
Lazy Literates at the YWCA
lounge on "Science and Religion
Fact or Legend." Tomorrow night
at 6:30 he will address a family
night audience at the Baptist
Church. The public is invited to
Dr. Rust is a native of Graves
end, Kent, England. He received
his scientific education at the Roy
al College of Science, London Uni
versity, attaining first class honors
in mathematics and receiving two
degrees in science. After being
awarded his master's degree, he did
advance work in mathematical and
atomic physics. He holds an A. R.
C. S. in mathematics and physics
from the Royal College of Science
and a D.I.C. from Imperial Col
lege. When Dr. Rust turned from
science to theology, he entered Ox
ford University from which he was
awarded three degrees in Christian
theology. He later entered the Bap
tist ministry and served churches
in Bath, Birmingham, and Hud
In 1946 he was invited to be
come professor of Biblical and his
torical theology and philosophy of
religion in Rawdon College, Uni
versity of Leeds, which post he
now holds. He is author of several
books and is in wide demand as a
lecturer in the field of Christian
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MEMBERS OF A TURKISH FAMILY shiver in the bitter cold in front of the rubble which was their
Istanbul home after a series of severe earthquakes rocked northwest Turkey. The recurring quakes, ac
companied by rain, snow, and sub-zero temperatures, have brought death to more than 1,000 persons in
the area. NEA Radio Photo.
With 9 Planks,
By Louis Kraar
Tommy Sumner, a senior and
former Student Party treasurer,
announced his candidacy for pres
ident yesterday making the field
four strong in the race for the
campus' top post.
Sumner is the second indepen
dent candidate to file for the post.
He is from Asheville and a chem
istry and mathematics major. Wade
Matthews is the other independent
in the race. The two party candi
dates are Bob Gorham (UP) and
Ken Penegar (SP).
"As the campus political parties
are constituted, they actually rep
resent no one but themselves,"
said Sumner. "Their' opinions are
not made subject to the scrutiny
of the student body as a whole
unless the matter is at issue dur
ing an election," he added,
i He cited President Horton's han
jdling of the Saturday class fight
as an example of a job well done
"despite the uncalled for, adverse
comments of one of his political
enemies." He did not mention who
the enemy was.
The 23-year-old independent
opened his campaign with a nine
point platform. The platform prom
1. To reflect student opinion.
2. To find a nation wide student
voice, NSA or another.
.3. To revise the system of pay
ing for Student Entertainment pro
grams by establishing a subscrip
tion plan or presenting more than
one " performance of a giveri""pro
gram.. 4. To establish a more liberal
class cut policy.
5. To submit to the students the
present plan of voting districts "so
that it may be written into the
constitution and removed from the
constant partisan juggling of the
6. To take action to "stop abuse
by students of the privilege of
keeping automobiles at the Uni
versity" in order to prevent Trus
tee action which would prohibit
(See SUMNER, page 4)
In Fifth Week
A Northern firm of management
engineers is entering its fifth week
of surveying the administrative or
ganization and financial operations
of the three institutions of the Con
"The overall purpose of the sur
vey," President Gordon explained
recently, "is to assist the Woman's
College, State College and the Uni
versity in Chapel Hill in insuring
the most productive and beneficial
use of all its resources. The survey
is not being made with any idea of
"The adequacy of its staff, build
ings and equipment and other fac
tors involved inits ability to per
form its mission will be consider
ed." Gray said, "and it will include
consideration of the long-range
plans of the University, as well as
its current operations."
The study will not be concerned
with classroom instruction or con
tent of courses offered at the three
Gray, Controller W. D. Carmich
ael Jr. and Chancellors Harrelson,
Graham and House of the three
branches recommended the study
last September to the Executive
Committee of the Board of Trus
tees, which approved it.
The survey is being financed par
tially by the Fund for the Ad
vancement of Education, establish
ed by the Ford Foundation in con
junction with a program to assist
colleges and universities in many
sections of the country in strength
ening their administrative struc
tures and organizational proce
dures. The survey is being made by
Cresap, McCormick and Paget,
management engineers, with offi
cers in New York and Chicago.
Eldon C. Shoup, a partner in the
firm, and two associates, Walter
Vieh and Paul Gillen, arrived four
weeks ago to begin work on the
Shoup, who has returned to the
North, said the firm in recent years
has made similar studies in a num
ber of colleges and universities,
preparatory schools and hospitals,
lege of Columbia University, Vas
including Davidson, Barnard Col
sar, Wellesley, Oberlin, Vanderbilt,
Yale, Rutgers, Syracuse and Colgate.
Josephina Niggli To Talk
At Tea Today At 3:45
Josephina Niggli, author who
makes her home in Chapel Hill,
will speak at the Bull's Head Book
Shop tea at 3:45 p.m. today in the
Assembly Room of the Library.
Her topic will be "Life in Holly--wood."
She recently returned from
the film capital after being a con
sultant for her new screen play,
www, ' .