Chipsl Hill, II. C.
Fair and cooler
with 72 high. Yester
day's high, 80; low,
The editors talk and
talk today. See p. 2.
VOLUME LVI, NUMBER 120
CHAPEL HILL, N. C. THURSDAY, APRIL 2, 1953
FOUR PAGES TODAY
S ; . -
MacCarthy In The Basement
Prof's New Toy Breaks Down
As Earthquake Records
By Alice Chapman
The violence of the earthquake
in Western Turkey on March 18
was detected half a world away
in Chapel HUl.
Here on the campus a delicate
machine picked up the tremors
caused by the quake. However, the
new seismograph was so sensitive
ly adjusted to earth movements
that the violence of the motion
threw the machine into disorder.
A record of approximately four
minutes was obtained but a com
plete one was impossible.
Dr. Gerald R. MacCarthy, pro
fessor of geology and geophysics
tn the Geology Department, ac
quired the machine last Summer,
but has been able to operate it
only recently. The necessity of
constructing a concrete base for
the seismograph to rest upon that
vas separate from the building
structure, delayed the machine's
operation and Dr. MacCarthy found
his first opportunity to test the
apparatus on seismic disturbances
when the Turkey earthquake de
veloped. On the record Dr. McCarthy ob
tained, the appearance of the quake
was -easily observable. In contrast
to the usual nearly straight lines
of small fluxuation which are re
corded at all times, the quake
appeared as long sharp nearly
vertical lines. i
The entire machine, seismome
ters, galvanometers, and recording
drum, is housed in the basement
of the geology and geography
building. MacCarthy pointed out
that the seismic device must oper
ate in darkness because it uses
photographic methods of recording
A reflected light reacting to the
seismometers which pick up the
tremors is exposed on photo
graphic paper which is later de
veloped. This paper moves on a
rotating drum which is timed to
revolve four times hourly.
Another necessary part of such
a project is an accurately timed
clock. Dr. MacCarthy synchronizes
his clock within less than a second
with official Bureau of Standards
time as transmitted by station
iWWV at Beltsville, Maryland. The
clock makes "time marks" on the
records once each minute so that
the exact time at which the quake
is recorded can be figured to less
than a second
The University shop construct
ed a seismograph a few years ago,
fout it was impossible to obtain
the proper sensitivity with the
MacCarthy stated that possibly
the nearness of Chapel Hill to the
eastern coast caused the present
Very sensitive seismograph to pick
tip minor ocean and coast disturb
ances. Part of the apparatus has
been returned to the factory for
adjustment to the particular con
ditions prevailing in Chapel Hill.
It will then be less affected by
the common movements set up by
winds and waves while still re
ceptive to the more violent shocks
of the earthquake type.
The seismograph operated by Dr.
MacCarthy is one of the few in
the South east of the Appalachian '
range, the nearest seismological'
(mountains: Laboratories are lo-
cated at the University of South
Carolina, in Columbia, in Washing
ington, D. C, and at Morgantown,
: Fined In Court
Three students were among
those appearing before Judge Wil
liam S. Stewart of the Chapel Hill j
Recorder's Court for traffic viola
John J. Hanes, a junior from
Charlotte, and J. A. Johnson Jr.,
sophomore from Ayden, were haled
before the court for yielding to
the inclinatino to "step on it."
Johnson also was charged with a
stop sign violation. They paid fines
of $10 and $15, respectively, and
Miles C. Gregory, student from
Halifax, was fined $25 and costs
when judged guilty of driving
without an operator's license.
In The Dark
DR. G. R. MacCARTHY took a quizical look at his seismograph
when it defaulted on its first earthquake. Dr. MacCarthy, who has
his pet installed in the basement of the Geology Department, soon
found the trouble: the seismograph was too sensitive. An adjust-men;-
is being made. Daily Tar Heel photo by Cornell Wright.
Dr. Polgar To Present Show
Tonight At 8 In Memorial Ha!!
. . . --
Dr. Franz Polgar, internationally famous hypnotist and mind reader,
returns to Memorial hall tonight at 8 o'clock to unfold his astonishing
"Miracles of the Mind" show.
Sponsored by the Special Services Committee of SUAB, Polgar de-
UP Nails First
4 Planks Into
The University Party yesterday!
announced the initial four planks ;
of the platform from which it will
conduct the Spring campaign.
Bob Gorham, UP presidential
candidate, in announcing the plat-
form said, "Rather than hand down
University Party candidates
have challenged the other candi
dates to a debate in Aycock
Dormitory social room tonight at
7:30. You're invited.
a platform created in a smoke
filled room, we are going to you,
the students, and find out what
vnn want. It is our duty -to bring
, student government to you. We
feel that this is one of the best
ways to do this."
"This platform is going to con
tain concrete ideas that can be
carried out," continued Gorham.
"There are going to be no fancy
political phrases. The whole thing
js going to be based on common
sense. We intend to present the
platform in sections as we can
I obtain it from you."
The UP presidential favorite
asked students to suggest more
The four planks promised:
1. Installation of cigar et and
candy machines in dormitories.
2. Getting janitors to make-up
beds in the dormitories.
3. Continuation of Tarnation.
4. Allowing women the privilege
of visiting in men's dormitories.
Commenting on the project of
installing cigaret and candy ma
chines in dormitories,
, -d "This can definitely be ac
I comDlished. We have already con
j tacted the administration and they
assure us that with the proper
negotiations the machines can be
And on the project of getting
the janitors to make-up beds, he
said, "This is a very practical idea
and can be put through very eas
ily. It is now done at State Col
lege. We feel that it should be
done here also."
i - V I
flighted capacity audiences here in
1949, 1950 and 1952 with his dem
onstrations of mind reading, hyp
notism and memory.
Anne Bell, chairman of the Spe
cial Services Committee, requests
that students come early to be
assured of seats. All University
students will be admitted free upon
presentation of their I. D. Cards.
The Hungarian-born student of
Freud and graduate of Budapest
University holds doctorate degrees
in both psychology and economics.
For many years he has been a
i brilliant exponent of the human
mind and its mysteries. His ap
pearance in Chapel Hill is pre
ceded by lectures, addresses and
demonstrations before numerous
medical groups and leading uni
At 7 p.m. the Memorial Hall
doors will be opened to students.
Admission is $1, including tax, to
townspeople and all others at 7:40
The members of the Special
Services Committee of SUAB are
Miss Bell, chairman, Edith Cross,
Janet Cornwall, Lib Suddreth, Peg
Hall, B. G. Williams, Mary Ruth
Linville and Betsy Clarke.
Tonight At Y
Claude C. Shotts, General Secre
tary of the YMCA, will speak to
night at 6:30 in the Y on the sub
ject of "Group Discussion Meth
ods." Arranged by the Freshman Camp
Planning Committee, the meeting
is open for all students who want
to learn the essentials of effective
leadership. Pointers on leading
group discussions will constitute
I tonight's topic, with special refer
ence to the cabin groups at Fresh
,,Men who wish to apply for po
sitions as counselors in the Fresh
man Orientation program, spon
sored by the Student Government,
will find this meeting helpful,
(Shotts said. Student groups, either
on the campus or in the churches,
also are invited to attend.
Students may get money for
books sold at the APO book ex
change today from 2 to 6 o'clock.
WASHINGTON Even though
he was convinced that it would
destroy tne Red armies in Korea,
he was stopped by orders from
making an amphibious landing be
hind the Communist lines in June,
1951, Gen. James A. Van Fleet
testified .yesterday. The former
Eighth Army commander told Sen
ators he wa ready to go with
the operation when he received
stnn nrdprs from Gen. Matthew B.
Soviet comment on the latest Kor-
ean developments, Foreign Minis-
ter V. M.Molotov yesterday pledg-
; ed Soviet assist
ance to b r i p g
about an arnjis-s j$
; tice on the basis
of proposals by
i Chinese Premier
;Chou Enlai. Mol-?
i otov said he was
i sure the action
j "will be under-
' . J 1 At TT '
slouu uy uie jh
lieu oiaLea guv
eiimieni. ill, tut
same time Molo-
tov strongly suggested that Red f
China and the North Koreans
should be represented in the Un- j
ited Nations. This would greatly
assist in settling the issues of the
Korean war, he said.
STOCKHOLM - Swedish Deputy
Foreign Minister Dag Hammarsk-
jold yesterday vcepted a Security 1
Council offer to succeed Trygve
Lie as UN general secretary. UN
officials viewed the Soviet accep-
tance of Hammarskjold and their
Korean truce promise of help as
major steps in the new post-Stalin
DUBUQUE, la. A teenage
Marine yesterday admitted , five
wanton murders in four days. "I
best leave the part about sound
mind out of this," he wrote in his
confession. Pvt. Fred E. McManus
of Camp Lejeune and Valley
Stream, N. Y. asked police to free
his "dirty blonde" girl friend. The
girl said, "We started off together
and shared everything and I want
it to end that way. I waited in
the car while Fred went in to hold
up the people . . . when he got
back to the car he told me what
had happened." McManus got a
total of $58 in loot for his five
RALEIGH Directors of the
North Carolina Press Association
yesterday adopted a three-point
resolution calling on the General
Assembly to repeal its secrecy
law. .The directors deplored the
legalizing of secret sessions by
Ridgway, then the Far Eastern: up last mgnx ax me vaiityne
commander. At the start of thejm2-
Senate group's investigation of am-J The identity of the winner was
munition shortages in Korea, Sen. not revealed until she was called
Margaret Chase Smith' of Maine n stage at Memorial Hall,
said, "There is no doubt that there ; The cup is awarded annually to
were shortages" despite the Pen- j the campus' outstanding coed, who
tagon's denial that there were any is selected on a basis of leader
of consequence. ship, service, character, and schol-
MOSCOW In the first official Miss Coley is vice-president of
: f i .- -
'If. : 'v
Al " " f
y v ' V v '' '
- ; - "
I -n-""--"-" Sir 7 " -"'
EVEN AS THE NEWS CAME that Chinese Communists have
opened the way to a resumption of truce talks in Korea, so came a
lull in the heavy fighting around the Vegas Hill sector. Exhausted
medics of the U. S. First Marine Division take a well-earned breather
as fighting was confined primarily to minor clashes between patrols.
As Top Coed
Patricia Coley won the Senior
i y- i i m a a i t t n r
the Valkyries, chairman "of the
Valkyrie Sing, and president of
Mclver Dorm. She is a Pi Beta
"I believe this should have
gone to every girl in our class,!
Miss Coley said upon receiving the
Dean E. L. Mackie made the
A selected committee composed
of six representatives makes the
George Elton Cox, medical stu
dent from Winterville, N. C, has
been awarded a $2,300 pre-doctoral
research fellowship by the Life
Insurance Medical Research Fund.
The tenure is for one year.
A recent graduate of the Uni
versity, Cox will continue his med
ical education while holding the
the study of vascular diseases in
the studf of vascular diseases im
pathology. He will be associated
with and assist Dr. C. Bruce Taylor
on research projects supported" in
part by the North Carolina Heart
(See COX, page 2)
" I 1
- - - n v - i
Doctor. at Medical School, after
discovering that sterilized water
from laboratory was being used
by one of workmen outside to
mix. concrete, sharply reprimand
ing workman. Culprit replies,
"Aw, it won't hurt the cement
Burly grounds worker chasing
mammoth Laborador retriever
who made off with his lunch bag.
Bleach white males spread
eagled around men's dorms try
ing to get beach brown.
6 New Officers
In Vote Tonight
Ballots bearing the names of
nominees for the six major YWCA
offices will be passed out in all
vomen's residence halls tonight.
All YWCA members are eligible
o vote for the nominees who
vere selected at a Y meeting last
Nominated for the office of Y
president are Marilyn Habel, Cha
pel Hill, Janie Carey, Washington,
D. C, Mase Chapin, Richmond, Va.
and Ann Fleming, Raleigh. The
runnerup for president will serve
as Y vice-president.
Marilyn Habel, a member of Al
pha Delta Pi Sorority, has served
as secretary of the Consolidated
University Council, a member of
Women's Honor Council, member
of the Graham Memorial Board of
Directors, and on the , Y cabinet
for the past year as chairman of
the conference committee.
Janie Carey a Chi Omega, at
tended Sweetbriar College before
coming to UNC. She has been ac
tive in the Canterbury Club and
a member of The Daily Tar Heel
Mase Chapin is a Tri Belt and
served as chairman of UNC's mock
election this fall. She is a member
of the Y Campus Affairs commit
tee and came to UNC from Vir
Ann Fleming, a member of Al
pha Gamma Delta sorority, has
been vice president of Pan-Hel at
UNC and comes from Mary Wash
ington where she was active in the
Y as chairman of the Vespers com
mittee. Nominees for Y secretary are
Emily Cook, Arlington, Va.; Anna
Stout, Scott, Miss.; Connie Lassi
ter, Rich Square; Mary Lowry, At
lanta, Ga.; Edith Rodgers, Wilming
ton and Martha Bridger, Bladen-
Four coeds will vie for the of
fice of treasurer. They are Anne
Patterson, Edenton; Celia Brown,
Myrtle Beach; Pat Miller and Mary
Jane Bumpous, St. Petersburg,
Running for program chairman
are Jane Berryhill, Chapel Hill;
Elinor Wrenn, Greensboro and
Peggy Pierpont, Chapel Hill. ,
Nominated for membership
chairman are Tolly Randolph, Cha
pel Hill; Jody Desmond, Charlotte;
Joan Russell Kenmore, N. Y.; Sara
Rose, Chapel Hill; Ann Folger,
High Point and Sarah Kate Davis,
Ned Harbin of Winston-Salem
was elected president of the YMCA
for 1953-54, at a recent member
Other officers elected were Rob
ert Hyatt of Cherokee, vice-presi
dent; Susan Fink of Chapel Hill,
secretary and Stuart Jones of Win
Harbin, a member of Kappa Al
pha fraternity, has been active in
the YMCA World Relatedness
Pi Phi's, Can
And Sigma Chi
By Louis Kraar
Chi Psi's love medley and Delta
Delta Delta's medieval masquerade
last night pleased a large Memorial
Hall audience, as well as the
judges, to win the annual Valkyrie
Mclver Dorm presented a run
down on the types of dates in "Our
Coeds," and won the cup for the
women's dormitory division.
Mangum Dorm, a surprise entry
not on the program, lent a
handful of barber shop songs to
win the prize in their division.
They had no competition.
The Tri Delt song and dance rou
tine was called "A Coed in King
Arthur's Court." The string of
song parodies executed by the
"ladies" and "knights" won en
thusiastic approval by the audi
ence. The Chi Psi opus was called
"It's Love." It included "All the
Things You Are" and "You'll
Never Walk Alone."
"Knight of Arthur's table, will
you buy me a sable, a lady wants
to glitter before she's a baby sit
ter; you can't buy a lady with a
sword," sang the Tri Delts, led by
Nancy Murray and Kit Wallace.
Pi Beta Phi won honorable men
tion in the sorority division. Their
number, "Sleepy Time Gal," was a
polite poke at coed hours, and
drew many laughs.
Sigma Chi won honorable men
tion in the fraternity division with
a production number, "Sigma Chi
Sing." The Sigma Chi number in
cluded "Time on My Hands" and
"Smoke Gets in Your Eyes," com
plete with smoking stone urns.
They concluded with "All Through
Mclver Dorm won the biggest
laughs with their gripes set to mu
sic on not having enough dates.
Carr Dorm, the only other wo
men's dorm entered in the com
petition, won honorable mention.
"Export the Imports" or "All that
Glitters Is Only Gold Eye Shadow"
was the title of their lament on
Alpha Delta Pi turned back the
clock to the roaring twenties, Al
pha Gamma Delta gave a solemn,
beautiful set of songs on "World
Peace," Chi Omega got in tempo
with the weather outside with a
number called "Rain," and Kappa
Delta praised "Boy Imports."
Judges for the competition were
Edgar Allen, Foster Fitz-Simons,
William Poteat, Mrs. Fred McCall,
and Wallace E. Caldwell.
Other fraternity participants in
cluded Kappa Sigma, Phi Kappa
Sigma and Phi Kappa Phi.
BATON ROUGE La., April 1.
Special) Recent issues of Coronet
anrl Pnllipr's maffa7inP5 VhioM
j to by several faculty members as
obscene, have been banned from
newsstands on the LSU campus.
The actual directive came from
Dr. Daniel Borth, LSU controller.
Dr. Borth explained the univer
sity's position by saying education
al institutions are different from
ordinary commercial enterprises
and as such are subjected to more
criticism in matters such as this.
LSU President Middleton said,
"I will permit no obscene litera
ture to be sold in the Field House
and I want parents to know that.
I think the parents will back me
up on this."
The Daily Tar Heel will hold
a staff meeting tomorrow at
3 p.m. in the newsroom for those
interested in working for the pa
per. Work is available in the news,
editorial, sports and business de
partments. Past experience is
helpful but not always necessary.