7 ? ' t r
Chanel Hn -?f n
Sunny and warm
er with 70 high.
Yesterday's high, 58;
Drink and respon
sibility go together,
according to the ed
itors. See p. 2.
VOLUME LXI, NUMBER 129
CHAPEL HILL, N. C. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1953
FOUR PAGES TODAY
i "3 mi a
A . "
Here's Where You
May Ballot Tod
Here is where students cast their votes today: Polls open at
8:30 a.m. and close at 6 p.m.
Dorm District I:. Cobb Dormitory; VOTE at center section
Dorm District II: Aycock, Lewis, Everett, Graham and Stacy:
VOTE at Lewis and Stacy.
Dorm Disfrict III: Alexander, Connor and Winston: VOTE at
Dorm District TV: Man gum, Manly, Emerson Stadium, Joyn
er, Grimes and Ruff in; VOTE at Mangum or Gerrard Hall.
Dorm District V: Steele, Old East, Old West, B.VJP., White
head and all other University-owned residence halls; VOTE at
Town Women: All women students not living in University
owned buildings; ?VOTE at Gerrard Hall or in Graham Memorial.
Dorm Women: All women's dorms; VOTE at Graham Memorial
or Alderman Hall. .
Town Men -1: 'Southern Section south of Cameron Ave. ex
tended; VOTE at Gerrard Hall or Graham Memorial.
Town Men H: - Rectangle bounded by west Cameron South
Columbia, West Franklin and Mill Road; VOTE at Gerrard Hall
or Graham Memorial.
Town Men HI: A11 other men students; VOTE at Gerrard Hall
or Graham Memorial.
SnaSce Pit-Type Pictures Are
Valuable But Dangerous-Crane
Aided by Oscar-winning Olivia de Havilland in the "Snake Pit,"
Psychological Consultant Harry W. Crane Monday night discussed the
causes and cures of mental illnesses.
Dr. Crane, of the University Psychology Department, led a dis
cussion at the conclusion of the-
movie, snown iree w an uuraii.c
which nearly filled downstairs
Dr. Crane evidently chafed a
bit as the group laughed during
some of the pathetic scenes in the
picture and he took advantage of
a lull during reel changing to
reprimand his audience. "There is
no humor in the situation . . . these
are tragic situations' and cause
sorrow for a great many people."
"Snake Pit" is the story of Vir
ginia Cunningham (Miss de Havil
land) who because of childhood
frustrations and a teenage tragedy
has a mental breakdown and loses
her memory. The movie traces her
case from beginning to finish.
Films such as "Snake Pit" which
portray mental institutions are
"valuable but also dangerous," the
speaker said. The value, Dr. Crane
said, lies in the spotlighting of re
forms needed within the institu
tions. While the danger, he con
tinued, is the vision which remains
in the minds of people who might
need mental attention.
Dr. Crane termed the "most in
teresting and most important" the
film's "sequence of occurrence,
starting in childhood, which
terminates in mental illness." Ac
cording to Dr. Crane, psychoses
"nearly always start in childhood."
It would be a help "if parents
could understand . . . that they
can't always decide for children
. . . sometimes it's the whims of
the parents and the decision is not
based on a knowledge oi xne
The speaker recommended two
books to his audience. One was
Dr. E. A. Strecker's "Their Moth
er's Sons" which shows the effect
of parents on children. "The Mind
that Found Itself" by Clifford
Beers is the autobiography of a
man in an institution written after
"Snake Pit" is one of a series
of movie-lectures sponsored this
school year by the Hillel Founda
tion and the YMCA. The next
show is "Treasure of Sierra Madre"
with the late Walter Huston. It
will be shown May 5 in Gerrard.
Philip Morris' Johnny
Johnny, of Philip Morris fame,
will be in the Y this morning from
10 until 11 o'clock, and in Lenoir
Hall at noon. He is currently tour
ing the colleges as a Philip Morris
representative. Yesterday he visit
ed Woman's College in Greensboro.
PANMUNJOM 'United Nations
officers expressed concern yester
day for the health of sick and dis
abled Allied war prisoners now rid
ing toward freedom. Light rain fell
along the 200-mile long "freedom
road" from Chonma on the Yalu
River to Panmunjom and more bad
thr was predicted for last
SEATTLE A Miami Airlines
plane with 25 persons aboard dis
appeared over the towering Cas
cade Mountains early yesterday. A
Civil Aeronautics Administration
spokesman said the twin engined
red and white DC-3 carried 22 mill
tary passengers and a crew of
three. A fleet of 13 Air Force, Coast
Guard and civilian planes searched
a 1.500 square mile area in the
rugged mountains where the
"clouds were sitting right down on
RALEIGH The Senate yester
day completed legislative action
on a proposed amendment to the
State Constitution to keep a single
county from having more than one
senator. The Senate passed the
amendment, which already had
been approved by the House, by a
S6-8 vote. It now must be submitted
to the people for approval in the
next general election.
The Town Board of Aldermen
fcoarrt a Dromise Monday night
from fraternities and sororities that
all fire escape construction digs
would be completed by Friday.
The board agreed to go along
with the houses even though the
90 day time limn ior wiies
hazards was up on .April 5. P. JL.
Burch, building inspector, said, If
we can get all the bids accepted
and approved by the end of this
week, we will have made a good
Burch will make a report to the
board on April 27. He said he did
not see a lack of bona fide effort
on the part of the houses to get
the work done
Will Be Voted
On In Election
There may be some changes
made by students today as they
consider two constitutional amend
One of the suggested changes is
for electing Publication Board
members in two shifts instead of
all during the Spring election. The
other is for setting up a new ma
jor student government officer, a
coordinator for the National Stu
dent Association affairs.
These amendments were passed
in the Student Legislature last
February. In order to be tacked
on to the constitution they must be
approved by two thirds of the
The Publications Board is the
publishing and financial policy
forming agency for The Daily Tar
Heel and The Yackety Yack. The
board is made up of two faculty
members appointed by the chan
cellor, four student members elect
ed by the student body and one
member elected by the Student
The amendment, proposed by
Tom McDonald, would keep editors
in chiefs and business managers of
the publications from being voting
members of the board. It also pro
vides that two of the student mem
bers shall be elected in the fall an
the other two in the Spring.
The National Student Association
is made up of colleges throughout
the country. It is a sounding board
for student opinion nationally, an
exchange group for ideas on stu
dent government and sponsor of
various scholarships and student
tours. :- ' "
At present the head of the na-'
tion wide group is appointed by
the president of the student body.
The amendment calls for this post
to be filled by the students in
Of Law School
Wallace Ashley president of the
Law School Association, yesterday
called for a program in the Law
School here that would "end the
conflict for student interest."
In a Presidential Memo column
in the Tar Heel Barrister, UNC
Law School Association publica
tion, Ashley said "one organization
would mean one program."
He pointed out that without the
legal fraternities, expense to the
law student ' would be less. "One
thousand dollars which students
invest in legal fraternities this year
will go to that mysterious un
know 'national' by way of initiation
"The writer (Ashley) is willing
to assume for purposes of this dis
course that the .fraternities at pres
ent are rendering substantial serv
ice to the student body" he said.
"It is the probability that similar
service can be had through a
larger, more inclusive organization
that raises the doubts of their nec
essity." Ashley quoted one student as
saying "It's nice to have them
(legal fraternities) for those peo
ple who would like to go a par
"A similar argument," Ashley
said, 'could well be made for
houses of prostitution and prob
ably with more success."
"It is not for the president of the
Law; School Association, even with
his term of office nearing the ex
piration date, to suggest that the
Law School Association is the only
student organization needed here,"
he concluded. "Nevertheless, he
does not deem it indiscreet to sug
gest that it mjght well be."
Laura Cone, John S. Hill,
... j - . ? ...
Solohs Drop 3 Big Trustees,
Draw Fire From Many Sides
By John Jamison
Friends of the University were
wondering yesterday why John
Sprunt Hill of Durham, Mrs.
Laura W. Cone of Greensboro,
.and Collier Cobb Jr. of Chapel
Hill were not renominated to the
Board of Trustees.
A joint committee of the state
legislature Thursday nominated
28 persons in the board, includ
ing the much-discussed John W.
Clark of Franklinville, but failed
to include the names of at least
three of the more prominent
Hill and Mrs. Cone were mem
bers of the Executive Committee
of the board. Cobb was chair
man of the Building Committee.
John Sprunt Hill, UNC, Class
of 1889, has been one of the
University's more generous ben
efactors, for many years. He said
yesterday he had indicated a
desire to take it easy, since he
is now 84 years old and tires
However, neither Mrs. Cone
nor Cobb had expressed any
desire to quit serving on the
board. Woman's College is in
censed at the committee's fail
ure to renominate Mrs. Cone.
She is an alumna of WC and has
"Let every nation disarm and
give the UN power to define, manu
facture, and control the use of
armaments of agression is the only
way the world can ever attain peace
and security ,"Dr. Thomas Burton,
president of Burton Institute of
Adult Education at Charlotte, said
here last night.
Dr. Burton is a former member
of the British League of Nations
Union held in Paris in 1927, past
chairman of the Committee on
Causes and Cures of War in ConV
necticut, 1937, and since his retire
ment in 1947 has devoted one half
of his time to the World Federalist
organization. His speech here last
night was delivered to the Phi As
sembly. Recalling the mistakes the
United States made after World
War I in neglecting its role in
world leadership, helping lead us
into World. War II, Dr. Burton told
the assembly we should cooperate
with other nations in an all out
effort to disarm thejworld and re
organize the United Nations so that
plans for disarmament may be
Dr. Burton said the world is cur
rently in a vicious cycle in that
there can be no peace without dis
armament and no disarmament
without the assurance of peace.
Therefore "we should provide the
UN with the power to control arnv
aments'of aggression, even manu
facture them, and define those arm
aments of aggression. Also there
should be a UN committee with
the power to go into all countries
and inspect so that it can be sure
that no arms of aggression are
Dr. Burton studied international
law in 1917 impending a career in
diplomatic service and has been
interested in world government
ever since. He holds a Ph.D. in
education and served in World War
I as an artillery lieutenant.
In the inaugural ceremony of the
Phi Assembly new officers installed
were Bob Pace, speaker, Don
Angell, speaker pro tem Sydney
Shuford, clerk, Dale Ryan, sergeant
at arms, Fred Crawford, critic,
Donald Sherry, parliamentarian,
and Lewis Brumfield, treasurer.
Collier Cobb Jr.
been president of the Woman's
College Alumnae Association.
She has been a Trustee for 22
A WC spokesman explained
yesterday Mrs. Cone's supporters
were not opposed to any of the
persons nominated. They just
didnt understand how Mrs. Cone
could be left out. This opinion
was also heard in Chapel Hill.
Mrs. Cone said yesterday she
was "willing to step out." She
said, "The only thing that con
cerns me is that I hope Wom
an's College will get sufficient
representation on the board. It
is entirely right and proper that
when people have served a Ions
time, they should step out."
UCLA Warns Faculty
About Not Testifying
Four N. Y. Educators
Urge Expulsion From
Schools Of All Reds
NEW YORK, April 14 (Special)
Four New York college admin
istrators urged the expulsion of all
Communist party members from
American schools . in a forum
broadcast over national radio and
television networks recently.
The four, three of whom are
college presidents and the other
a dean of education, would include
everyone from professors to clerks
and secretaries in the purge.
Dr. Ernest O. Melby, Dean of
the New York University School
of Education, said, "We've got to
prepare young people in America
to be good citizens in a free so
ciety. Even if someone were to
assure me that we had not one
single Communist in the entire
structure of American education, I
still wouldn't be completely satis
fied unless I were certain that all
the teachers were . dedicated to
freedom and were conducting
schools every day that really lived
and breathed the meaning of our
When asked whether he thought
the Congressional investigation of
subversives in education has en
dangered academic freedom, Dr.
John J. Theobold, president of
Queens College, said, "I have yet
to see a person of any standing in
a college faculty unwilling to open
his mouth on a subject pro or con,
and I'm wondering how much of
this fear really exists."
All four of the educators agreed
that teachers who are communists
might influence the thinking of
their students through their out of
class attitudes and utterances.
They said that clerks or secretaries
could further the party's aims
through their access to records and
in other ways.
Penny A Vote
For Ugly Man
Fourteen candidates have been
entered in Theta Chi Fraternity's
"Ugliest Man On Campus" con
test, and pictures of each of
them are posted in Y Court for
voting this week.
Results of the penny a vote
contest will be announced at
10:45 Friday evening at the Uni
versity Carnival, according to
Contest Chairman Robert Skil
len. The winner will be presented
many prizes donated by Chapel
Hill merchants. In addition to
this, he will be given a date with
Sigma Chi's "Miss Modern Venus
Trustee rules require at least
10 of the 100 board members
Cobb is an insurance and real
estate executive here and has
been on the board for eight
years. He was chairman of the
board's Building Committee for
six years. He said yesterday he
had not been "an active candi
date" for renomination but
neither had he told anyone he
felt like leaving the board.
Hill, a lawyer, farmer, banker,
legislator and benefactor, has
been less active with the board
recently because of various ill
nesses. He suffered a hemor
rhage not long ago and although
(See HILL GIVES, page 4)
Balky Prof Could Be
Suggests In Report
LOS ANGELES, April 14 (Spe
cial) The Committee on Academ
ic Freedom of UCLA warned fac
ulty members of the legal conse
quences of not testifying before
state , and federal investigating
bodies in a report issued-here re
cently. According to the committee a
refusal to testify might "set in
motion a series of events which
could result in dismissal from the
The committee backed their
statement by saying that a refusal
jto testify before a state commit
tee constitutes contempt and the
university is required by law to
discharge any person who com
mits a contempt.
"Any dismissal action based on
evidence of Communist party af
filiation should always follow the
traditional procedures and policies
of the University," the committee
In case the matter were to come
up- in a court of law the report
suggested suspending the profes
sor until the verdict and then hir
ing or firing him depending on
the court's ruling.
To Be Planned
Rho Chapter of Alpha Phi Ome
ga national service fraternity, will
hold an open rush meeting tomor
row night at 7 o'clock in the Ren
Rho Chapter was founded here in
All students who are interested
in becoming members of the fra
ternity have been invited to the
dezvous Room of Graham Memorial.
1930 and is now considered one of
the foremost APO chapters in the
Being a service fraternity, Alpha
Phi Omega crosses all lines of hon
orary social and professional fra
ternities. Members of other campus
organizations may also be active in
Alpha Phi Omega.
President Jim Adams said any
one desiring to render service to
others, and to have fun and fellow
ship, is eligible for membership.
The local chapter of Alpha Phi
Omega sponsors a guide service
for campus visitors, provides ushers
for student entertainment shows
and is currently engaged in a
"Book Exchange" project. APO
also sponsors the annual Parent's
Day at the University.
Race Is Over
After Month Of
By Louis Kraar
The big question mark in the
minds of campus politicians yes
terday was, are students going to
After a month of listening to the
candidates, reading party handouts
and wondering just who stands for
what, the boys in lower quad and"
the girls in Mclver will make the
final decision at the polls today.
It's D-Day for Spring Elections.
Polls are open from 8:30 a.m. to
Ken Penegar, Student Party, and
Bob Gorham,, University Party,
along with independent Wade Mat
thews have figured strongly in the
contest for student body president.
Tommy Sumner, another independ
ent, aside from tacking up a poster
or two, has made little apparent
effort to further his campaign for
the top post.
The match for vice-president is
three way with Jack Stilwel (UP).
Baxter Miller (SP) and independent
Bill Brown dueling for the vote.
Gordon Forester (SP) and Jerry
Cook (UP) are in the contest for
Despite vigorous campaigns be
tween all the candidates, politicos
were worried yesterday about just
.how many would really vote.
Candidates participated in sev
eral dormitory debates, but these
were usually attended by little
audience except fellow politicos.
Door pounding, a prime factor in
last year's campaign, was as prev
alent as coffee cups at the Y court.
In many dorms and fraternity
houses, the complete slate of
candidates made the rounds in a
The Student Party said it was
putting out a publicity sheet, The
Student Tar Heel, but University
Party officials when asked about
their plans said they would not.
Last year the UP put out one, The
University Tar Heel.
A new system of nominating
head cheerleaders this year yield
ed two energetic candidates, Louie
Patseavouras and Jim Fountain.
The twq have similar platforms.
The only issues of the race have
been the questions of compulsory
gym and Carolina Athletic Asso
ciation fees and a student member
on the Board of Trustees. Both
were originally dealt with in the
SP platform, then challenged by
the UP and finally partially re
vised by the SP.
As it now stands, SP leaders
want to abolish compulsory pay
ment of gym fees and keep com
pulsory payment of the CAA fees.
The UP view, as voiced by pres
idential candidate Gorham was,
"We're against taking money away
from the gym. . . . We want to
save money wherever possible,
but are not for abolishing the sys
tem as it is."
The SP idea of having a student
on the Board of Trustees proved
acceptable to at least one Trustee.
Frank W. Taylor, leading Trustee,
said representatives from all three
branches should be allowed to sit
in on board and Executive Com
mittee meetings. The students
wouldn't have a vote.
The original SP proposal called
for a "member" of the two bodies,
but SP officials revised it to be
a "representative" since a "mem
bership" would take action by the
state legislature. SP leaders were
first reminded by the UP at a
dorm debate of the fact that an
official voting student member on
the Trustee board would take
Most candidates remained op
timistic yesterday and spent last
night touring the campus in last
minute campaign efforts. Political
posters dominated bulletin boards
and shop windows.