CIUPIL HILL, . N. C.
Fair and somewhat warm
er today, with an expected
high of 60. Yesterday's
high, 60; low, 30.-
A Wisconsin man in the
Senate is giving a Kansas
man trouble in the White'
House. See edit on p. 2.
VOLUME LXII NUMBER 63
Complete JP photo and Wire Service
CHAPEL HILL, N. C
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1953
Complete JP Photo and Wire Service
FOUR PAGES TODAY
14th Amendment Holds
A Momentous Answer
WASHINGTON, Dec., 7 (JP)
Lawyers for Negro parents re
cened in the Supreme Court tcday
thp prolonged, momentous legal
fuht for a ruling that separate
public schools for Negro children
wolate the Constitution.
Speaking to the nine justices
the attorneys contended that segre
gation in itself is discriminatory
and is outlawed by the 14th A
mendment. This is true, they said even if
separate schools provided for Ne
gro pupils are just as good as those
Spottswood Robinson m, Negro
attorney from Richmond, opened
with an hour-long argument that
in putting through the 14th A
mendment, Congress and the states
definitely contemplated and
understood it would abolish segre
gation" in the public school sys
tem. The 14th Amendment says
no state may deny any person due
prCcess or equal protection of
the laws nor abridge any person's
privileges or immunities.
Opposing attorneys stood by
with agurments that the amend
ment never was intended to apply
to public education, and that this
position is bulwarked by numer
ous decisions of the Supreme
Court and federal and state courts.
The U. S. government, through
the Justice Department, is not
asking outright that the Supreme
Court now abolish segregation but
it is saying the court does have the
power to do so, because the 14th
Amendment's purpose was "to se
cure for Negroes full and com
plete equality before the law and
to abolish all legal distinctions
based on race and color."
The central question is whether
tne equal ngnts ana aue process
provisions of the Constitution do or
do not forbid segregation in public
schools. The Supreme Court itself
probably won't make its decision
known for months, perhaps late
If it does wipe out segregation,
it will junking a doctrine more
than a half century old. This is
the "separate but equal" principle
laid down in 1896 in a case involv
ing accomodations on a Southern
train. The court said in this case
that racial segregation is per
ralssable if facilities provided for
Negroes are equal to those reserv
ed for whites.
PREMIER JOSEPH LAN I EL, left, of Franc, President Dwight Eisenhower and British Premier Sir
Winston Churchill sit in wicker chairs as they pose far photographers outside the Mid-Ocean Club in Ber
muda iust before their first conference Dec. 4. Eisenhower and Churchill had a little friendly discussion
before posing as to who should sit in the middle. Eisenhower finally did AP Wirephoto.
UNC Prof Differs With Truman
By Chal Schley
A Carolina art professor re
cently voiced his disagreement
with former President Harry
Truman, who called all abstrac
tionists "ham-and-egg artists."
The professor, Dr. Kenneth
Ness, has been a resident artist
To Put Funds
In YWCA Kitty
Your buying an early ticket to
"Mr. Potts Gees to Moscow" assures
you of an entertaining evening
and will help the YWCA to con
tinue its service program, YW of
ficials said yesterday.
George Cole, in an Alec Guineas
type role, stars in the highly rated
British comedy film, at the Var
sity Theatre December 10 and 11.
Mr. Potts, an innocent plumber
mistaken for a secret atomic agent
becomes involved in Russian and.
Through the cooperation of A. N.
Guthierrer, manager of the Var
sity, the YWCA will receive 25
of the income from all advance
The success of this project is
vital to the carrying out of the
Y's goals for the year.
Tickets can be purchased in the
Y building, Bank of Chapel Hill,
Lenior Hall, and from all Y, cab
here for twelve years, and a full
professor for five. His works
have been exhibited all over
the country in local, national,
and international shows. Last
Wednesday his painting "Night
Flight" received one of three
awards in the N. C. State An
nual Art Competition in Raleigh.
Dr. Ness said that Mr. Tru
man's statement was hardly a
qualified one since it came from
a man whose understanding of
the arts probably never surpas
sed nodding acquaintance with
But misunderstanding of ab
stract art is fairly widespread.
Dr. Ness explained, 'The artist
produces for himself now more
than at any previous time be
cause of the lack of patronage.
Patronage of the arts almost ex
pired with the industrial Revo
lution. The. result was that in
creasingly personalized work,
sometimes unintelligible to . the
uninitiated, began to be produc
ed. "Picasso was the "keystone
of the movement," he added,
"but even if he hadn't been, the
movement would have come
about anyway. Understanding
abstractionism requires time,
ability, and education. Most
people lack one or more of these
As an expressionistic painter,
which he was before he took
up abstractionism, Dr. Ness had
the honor of giving a one-man
showing at the Chester John
son Gallery, the best in Chicago.
This was in 1932. Despite a long
and successful career since then
a new award still leaves him. . .
surprised and exhilarated."
Phi Will Debate McCarthyism;
Former Congressman To Speak
Former- U. S. Congressman Lafayette Patterson will address the
Phi Assembly tonight at 8 o'clock on the present "dangerous trend in
Washington and in politics in general," Phi spokesmen said.
Patterson is expected "to speak out vigorously against McCarthy
and the methods used by congres-
sional committee in conducting
investigations, describing the whole
Forms Liaison Group
CUSC Meets At State
The Consolidated University
Student Council met at State Col
lege in Raleigh Sunday and did
the most that has been done to
date toward getting student rep
resentation on the Board of
The Council passed unani
mously on an enactment setting up
a student Liaison Committee to at
tend each regular meeting of the
full Board of Trusteees. The com
mittee will have no vote but will
express student opinion. No plan
has been brought forth whereby
student representation to the Ex
ecutive Committee of the Board of
Trustees is granted. The Executive
Committee passed the resolution
calling for the switch from the
quarter to the semester system.
The Liaison Committee will be
made up of three people, one se
lected by each branch of the Con
solidated University, i. e., UNC,
Woman's College at Greensboro,
and State College.
The Carolina delegation intro-
solution also recommended steps
for "better understanding and clos
er cooperation between the stu
den bodies of the three branches
and the consolidated administra
tion." Two other resolutions, introduc
ed by Wade Matthews, chairman
of the Carolina delegation, were
Dassed unanimously. The first
stated that the prices of books sentative
and supplies are too high. It au
thorized the CUSC executive com
mittee to confer with the consoli- son Travel Agency.
dated administration and the book He served three terms in Corr
ff;.;;Ts tn "trv to alleviate ress, and has also worked with
trend as un-American, Asseramy
The Phi will debate a bill call
ing for the public repudiation of
McCarthyism and its adherents,
and the impeachment of Joseph
R. McCarthy, William E. Jenne?
and Harold Velde and the firing
of Attorney General Herbert
, The bill is entitled "A Bill for freedom
the Defense of Constitutional
Rights and Privileges." It com
mends Harry S. Truman for his
action in rejecting the subpoena
of the Un-American Activities
Committee and states that the"
recent allegations against him have
been shown to be "purely politi
The bill was referred back to
committee two weeks ago to be
rewritten and to give the Assembly t
a chance to hear Patterson. The
bill will be debated as rewritten
by Rep. Bob Pace.
Patterson, who was a repre-
from Alabama, now re
sides in Raleigh, where he is
owner and manager of the Patter-
Philosophy Staff, Grads
Attend State Conference
Department of Philosophy staff
memoers and graduate students
attended a conference of the North
Carolina Philosophical Society last
week at State College.
Professor L. 0. Katsoff read a
papef 6fi "Intuition," and Mrs. Sara
Watson Emery, wife of Professor
S. A. Emery, spoke on academic
By Richard Creed
The campus will decide today
whether to return the Student
Party a majority in Legislature
and whether to take away from'HTie
president of the student body the
power to select the Orientation
The SP which has had a 26-24
majority in Legislature since last
spring, must capture 16 of the 32
seats under contention to retain
The University Party, which has
seen SP legislation passed over
their objections becaHse of the
UP's one man deficit, is hoping
that the students will give them at
least 17 seats to tie "the SP a
25-25, or, better still, 18 seats to
give them a 26-24 majority.
Students will vote on an amend
ment to the Student Constitution,
which, if passed, will change the
method of selecting the Orienta
tion Committee. The constitution
now provides that the chairman
and fourteen members of. the
Orientation Committee be selected
by the president and approved by
The amendment provides that
the chairman of the committee be
selected by the outgoing president,
rather than by the incoming presi
dent as in the past, and that the
committee be selected by a com
mittee made up of the chairman
of the Interdormitory Council,
Inter-fraternity Council, the Dia
lectic Senate, the Philanthropic
Society and the Orientation Com
mittee. The proposed amendment grew
out of charges by Student Party
Chairman Gene Cook early this
fall that President Bob Gorham's
selection of Orientation . counsel
ors was "irregular" and "grossly"
unfair. It was drawn up by a bi
partisan committee appointed by
Gorham to study the Orientation
Program as it was set up and to
propose any "desirable changes."
The bill caning for the amend
ment was passed unanimously by
the Legislature, and Gorham indi
cated yesterday that he was in
favor of the amendment.
The SP won its legislative ma
jority last year only after a two
man run-off bout in Dorm District
IV. Frank Plott (SP) defeated
Gerry Wagger (UP) by a vote of
93-77. This gave the SP its first
majority in Legislature since the
Legislature was set up in its ples-
jent form in 1938,
Run-off elections "this year will
be held next Tuesday.
Also to be elected today are
freshman and junior class officers;
two men's seats on the Student
Council; two junior, one sopho
more and one freshman seat on the
Men's Honor Council; and tftree
junior seats on the Women's
Voting Places Are Announced
For Today's Campus Elections
Here's where students cast their votes today:
Poles open at 8:30 a.m. and close at 6 p.m.
Dorm District I: Cobb Dormitory; VOTES at Cobb.
Dorm District H: Stacy, Everett, Graham, Lewis, Aycock; VOTES
at Aycock and Lenoir HalL
Dorm District HI: Connor, Alexander, Winston; VOTES at Alex
ander and Lenoir HalL
Dorm District TV: Joyner, Mangum, Manley, Grimes, Ruffin, and
Emerson Stadium; VOTES at Mangum and Lenoir Hall.
Dorm District V:. Old East, Old West, Battle-Vance-Pettigrew,
Steele, Whitehead, and all other University-owned residence halls
not provided for above: VOTES at Old West and Lenoir Hall.
Town Men I: Southern section of Chapel Hill south of Cameron
Avenue extended; VOTES at Victory Village entrance, Scuttlebutt,
and Gerrard Hall. ;
Town Men n: Rectangle bounded by West Cameron Avenue,
South Columbia Street, West Franklin Street, and Mill Road; VOTES
at Victory Village entrance, Scuttlebutt and Gerrard Hall.
Town Men ITiT All other men students; VOTES at Victory Vil
lage entrance, Scuttlebutt, and Gerrard HalL
Dorm Women: All women living in University owned buildings,
other than sorority houses; VOTES at Spencer, Mclver, Student
Nurses Residence and Lenoir HaU.
Town Women: Women students not living in University-owned
buildings, and women living in sorority houses.
Dr. Preston Epps Will Deliver
Talk On Greek Tragedy Tonight
Dr. Preston Epps of the University Classics Department will deliver
the fall humanities lecture tonight at 8 o'clock in Gerrard Hall.
Dr. Epps will speak on "Understanding Greek Tragedy." He said
vesterdav. "Modern man can un-
derstand Greek tragedy if he also
understands the Greek mind and
the Greek attitude toward fate,
community, and prophecy." That
problem the problem of under
standing Greek thought as a means
of " appreciating Greekdrama wii
be a point of departure for Dr.
Epps in his speech tonight.
Dr. Epps will restrict himself
in his lecture o the Greek trage
dians, and will not be concerned
with such comedy writers as
Aristophanes and Menander. There
are only 33 Greek tragedies extan!
in the modern world, according
to Dr. Epps.
Like other Greek scholars, Dr.
Epps says that ancient man was
submissive to his fate, whereas
modern man may often take up
arms against his fate.
The public is invited to attend
tonight's lecture. '
Should U. S. Cancel Aid Funds?
Di To Talk It Out Tonight At 8
Senator Larry McElroy's bill resolving that the "U. S. should cancel
ill appropriations for economic aid to Europe daring the fiscal year
1954-55" will be the topic before the Di Senate tonight
Proponents of the bill contend that the United States, with its tr6-
mendous debt of approximately
290 billion dollars, cannot afford
The other resolution, given as
a suggestion by Matthews, asked
that the CUSC investigate the
possibility of one student repre
sentative from each school be on
the Board of Directors of the UNC
television station now being planned.
The Council voted to have tne
second Considated University Day
February 6 at State College.
WCUNC had a full delegation of
the Department of Agriculture, the
Former U. S. Ambassador to
South America, Capus M. Way-
War Food Administration pro- nick, will speak to the Young De
gram, and the Democratic National mocrats Club here tomorrow night
Committee. He taught history and J in Gerrard Hall at 7:30.
political science t Jacksonville I Waynick will discuss the state
State College in Bifminghsm, Ala., j and national political outlook and
and in 1952 was a delegate at conditions in South America.
Auditions for "Monkey in the
Moon" will be held today at 4
o'clock and 7:30 in Memorial Hall.
The play calls for a cast of two
men and three women, all mature
characters. One of the male parts
and one female part are Negroes.
Scripts will be available in the
dramatic art department in 101
J 0 . It .
aaunaers ior mose interested ur
reading the parts in advance.
"Monkey in the Moon," Thomas
Patterson's comedy about a tramp
and a family's troubles, has been
scheduled for production January
14-17 at the Playmakers Theatre.
Is On Subject
"Egypt Today" will be the topic
discussed at a supper forum to
night at Lenoir Hall.
The forum, under the sponsor
ship of the World Relatedness
Commission of the YMCA and
YWCA, will be centered on th3
theme of world understanding.
Composing the panel are Dr.
Kamal Hakim, of Cairo, Egypt;
Mr. Riad Ghoneny, of Alexandria,
Egypt; and Mr. A. R. Khalil, also
of Cairo. Mr. Ram Desikam, of
Madras, I$id.ia, will serve as mod
erator f? the discussion:
ThZ meeting will be held front
5:30 to 7:00 in the second floor
dining room of Lenoir, with the
discussion beginning promptly at
Wallace Gets Out Today;
Creasy Is In Infirmary
Jim Wallace, Graham Memorial
director who, has spent the last
week in the Infirmaryf is sched
uled to get out today.
Tom Creasy, orientation chair
man this fall and potential presi
dential candidate this spring, is ti
the Infirmary. Having been there
for several days now, a nurse re
ports Creasy has been named "Mr.
Infirmary of 1953."
"rWo.. v. r-TTcr- otptfPTi members, Carolina had ten,
' i j I I ,i i i it wrrn luc Vj , . - - . .
Carolina a uc-
nd the Consolidated University and State had six.
Administration, It authorized the
executive committee of the CUSC
to meet with President Gordon
Gray after each full CUSC meet
ing three times a year.
large from that state to the Demo
cratic National Convention. There
he led in drafting Adlai Stevenson
as presidential candidate, and cast
the first vote" for Stevenson!.
The Pharmacy Senate will meet
Preceding the address Waynick
his wife will be entertained at a
small dinner party given by the
Officers and members of the ex
ecutive committee of the local
Before going to 'Columbia he
served as Ambassador to Nicara
gua. Prior to that he was editor
to continue economic aid to Eur
ope especially since a pre-war Says Chancellor House
level m the economy has been
achieved in European countries.
Proponents also say that "trade,
not aid," as proposed by President
Eisenhower, is a more rational
approach to the problem.
Furthermore, proponents state
that our primary concern now
should be to strengthen this coun-
try's' economy and " military de
fenses, and be ready to withstaijp
possible Soviet aggression.
ACG Rule 'Hypocritical'
Chancellor Robert B. House of the University went on record this
weekend as opposing the practice of requiring athletes to reveal sources
of outside financial assistance.
House attending an Atlantic Coast Conference meeting in Greens
boro offered a motion that the
ACC bypass eligibility blank re-1
legation w tonight at 7 o'clock in the Senate of the High Point Enterprise and
cnairman coo . 1 TOom of Howell HalL Discussion State Highway Commission chair-
ler. jimmy .uiuij, y . .
John Inle Max topic will be "The Soda Fountain ! man.
Opponents to the measure main
tain that achieving pre-war levels
of European prosperity is not suf
ficient, and that technical advances
have been made since that time.
Opponents" also say that European
economy should be further boosted
in order td combat Cbmnvunistic
The meeting will be at 8 o'clock
quirements that atnietes list any
outside financial aid. The National
Collegiate Athletic Association re
quires such a list
Said House, "When we try to
inquire into such sources, if any,
we encourage them to engage in
sub rosa practices. I propose th2t
we inform the NCAA that we'do
not wish to engage in such hypo
critical conduct any mdre. We
don't inquire into the financial
resources" of non-athltes, I see no
tonight on the third floor of New" reason why" we should do so in tDe
West, and. the public is invited' to case of athletes. We ought to leave
Thro" Crohn, Obey Lee and Alice Hicks, in the Drug Store Good or bad?" J The public is invited to attend, attend.
it to the institution to controL"
Hurt In Wreck
Miss Lynda Jones Vestal, a sen
ior from Liberty, who was admitted
to Memorial Hospital Sunday
morning as a result of injuries
received in an automobile acci
dent on the Durham highway, was
reported "doing nicely" yesterday.
According to Highway Patrol
man Thomas Winborne, James D.
Proctor, a senior from Whiteville,
was driving the car, in which Miss
Vestal was a passenger, when it