. SEKIA2S DEPT.
CHAPZL KILL, IU C
Cooler with possible
thundershowers today and
an expected high of 60. Yes
terday's high, 60; low, 53.
The Horse chitters on
campus politics and aca
demics. See p. 2.
FOUR PAGES TODAY
VOLUME LXIi NUMBER 65
Complete JP Photo and Wire Service
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1953
Complete JP Photo and Wire Service
XX Ji4 X V- AAeH f'X
till : . ' -itrOT- Mm.-1 Jli. k
THE CORRIDOR of the U. S. Supreme Court building in Washington is filled by persons hoping to
get a seat for the opening of arguments in a number of school segregation eases to be heard by the high
tribunal. There are about 200 seats available to spectators. AP Wirephoto.
Are Separate Schools Equal? -
Segregation Up To Judges Now
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9
The great debate on whether seg
regation of white and Negro child
ren in public schools violates the
Constitution came quietly to a close
today in the Supreme Court.
Now in the calm of their judi
cial chambers and in conferences
among themselves, the nine jus
tices must determine who is right:
1. The states which have said
over and over that segregation is
entirely legal if Negroes have as
good schools as white, or 2. Law
yers for Negro parents who argued
it is unconstitutional under any
circumstances and a holdover from
the days of slavery.
The epochal decision, with its
far reaching social implications
may not come before next spring,
-when this term of court ends.
Seventeen states and the Dis
trict of Columbia have compulsory
racial segregation for their mil
lions of children in public schools.
Three other states permit it.
Mostly they are in the South,
where several states already are
considering substituting private
for public schools if the Supreme
Court strikes down segregation.
Mississippi took a first preliminary
step yesterday, as Georgia had
In its simplest terms, the
weighty issue now before the high
est court of justice is whether to
rule that segregation in itself goes
against the Constitution or to
stand pat on its half -century-old
doctrine that racial segregation is
Talid provided Negroes are given
equal facilities with whites.
Three days of arguments came
to an end today with Delaware
taking its place beside Virginia,
South Carolina and Kansas in con-
To Give Parts
The Chapel Hill Choral Club and
Symphony Orchestra, augmented
by the University Glee Clubs, wifl
present music from Handel's
"Messiah" in Hill Hall here Tues
day night at 8 o'clock.
Choral and solo works from
the three parts of the oratorio will
be sung under the direction of
Professor Joel Carter, head of the"
University voice department. Solo
jsts will be Jan Saxon, Mrs. Jeanne
Johnson, and Nora Jane Rumph
sopranos; Cynthia Mendenhall and
Lorraine Yancy, altos; Robert
Churchill, John Park, and William
Whitesides, tenors; and William
Chance and Dr. Everett Hall, bases.
The Choral Club, a community
'group organized about 25 years
ago, performed the "Messiah" in
1946. Most of the singers are Uni
versity staff members and resi
dents of Chapel Hill.
The Chapel Hill Symphony Or
chestra, rehearsing under the di
rection of Prof. Earl Slocum, is
also a community group augmented
by students and faculty members
of the Music Department.
As are all the concerts of the
Tuesday Evening Series sponsored
by the Music Department, ;this per-1
formance of the "Messiah" will be
In- j i i. . ii.: :'
wuduidM over uie vjju versus o
radio station," WUNC.
tending the Supreme Court Fas no
authority to end segregation and
the states . should be left free to
handle the issue in their own way
through their own legislatures.
"The problem," said H. Albert
Young, Delaware Attorney Gen
eral, "obviously is a legislative
one and not a judicial one."
Sumimng up for the Negro side,
Thurgood Marshall, New York
Negro attorney and counsel for
the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
Judge Susie Sharpe Will Hear
Student Lawyers7 Mock Trial
Judge Susie Sharpe, prominent North Carolina woman lawyer, and
alumna of the University law school, will preside over the mock trial
being staged tomorrow night at 7:30 by the Phi Alpha Delta legal
fraternity in the Law Building.
Miss Kirby Carter, a nurse at Memorial Hospital, will be "tried" for
the alleged "poisoning" of Ken
Keller, star football player, who
entered the hospital with injuries
received in the Duke game and
subsequently "died" of morphine
The only woman judge of a su
perior court in the state, Miss
Sharpe attended Woman's College
and the University Law School.
She graduated in 1929 with honors
and was on the editorial staff of
the North Carolina Law Review.
After receiving her degree, she
served as secretary to the Dean
of the Law School from 1930 to
1932, and. then returned to her
hometown of Reidsville to prac
tice law with her father. At one
time she was attorney for the city
of Reidsville, and she has been a
successful criminal trial lawyer.
In 1949 she was appointed a
special superior court judge by
Governor Kerr Scott, and was re
appointed by Governor Umstead
Second and third year law stu
dents taking part in the trial will
include Lacy Thornburg, chief
. ji l -
prosecuting attorney, assisieu ujr
George Gordon, Elton Pridgen,
Wade Mitchum, and Calvin Wal
lace. Bob Hight will be chief attorney
for the defense, assisted by Jim
White, Bill Reid, Gene Taylor, and
Bob Byrd. : -
Michael McLeod wiii be the
sheriff and Jack Harris the clerk
of the court. Various medical stu
dents and nurses at the hospital
will be called in as surprise, wit
nesses. The public is invited.
Cigarets, Candy Netted
In Store Robbery Here
A small grocery store on West
Cameron Ave. next to the Uni
vtrsity laundry plant was entered
and robbed by party or parties un
known some time last night.
The owner of the store, Everette
Neville, stated that the robber (or
robbers) stole 5 cartons of cig
arets, a box of ball point pens,
several boxes of candy, ana as
sorted fresh vegetables and mis
Police said yesterday that no
arrests had been made but that
I several leads "looked promising."
(NCAAP), told the justices assem
bled behind their long mahogany
"The real "question in these cases
is if the states today do or do not
have the power to use race and
race alone as the basis for segre
gation. Our theory is that the
states have been deprived of that
power. On that we submit these
"Any rebuttal?" Chief Justice
"No rebuttal," Youn replied.
In Court Here
Steven Carolina students were
called into Chapel Hill Recorder's
Court this week before Judge W. S.
Two students were fined court
costs for displaying beer in pub
lic. They were Perry B. Veazy and
John W. McAllister.
Two other students were fined
court costs for speeding in a school
zone. They were Edward C. Lough
lin and Scotty D. Rhodarmer.
Still two others were fined for
reckless driving. Bobby G. Beam
was fined $20 and court costs and
James D. Proctor was fined $200
E. M. Thompson, Jr., was fined
$10 and costs for running a stop
' 'I ' "s1
' ' , ' "A
I . v s
i " x- v X !
MRS. ESTELLE AUGUSTE wealthy widow whtf announced her
intention to marry Jack Dempsey, former heavyweight champion,
tells Associated Press reporter Watson Sims in her Waldorf-Astoria
Hotel suite in New York that "The marriage is definitely off." Demp
sey had no comment. Mrs. Auguste, a resident of Palm" Beach, Fla.,
left by air for Florida. AP Wirephoto.
By Richard Creed
Fall elections were history yes
terday but the halls of Graham
Memorial were still echoeing the
announcement of the Student
Party's legislative landslide the
TJie SP was still blinking over
its 31 seats in Legislature to the
University Party's 18. One UP
member said of the SP, "They're
all running around looking like the
cat that "swallowed the canary."
And sure enough, the SP was
gloating over their impressive
gain, especially in the Victory Vil
A runoff ejection wiii be held
Tuesday for the following:
For Student; Council, Gerald
Parker and Max Ballinger; for
Men's Honor Council junior seat,
Charles Shelton and Buzzy
Shull, sophomore seat, Charles
Katzenstein and Ogburn Yates,
freshman seat, Richard Coker
and Frtz Van Winkle; Women's
Honor Council,' (three to be
elected) Petey Gunter, Penny
Hartman, Jackie Steed and
Nancy Whisonant; Publications
Board at large seat, Jackie
Brooks and Jane Yearley, junior
seat, Anne Huffman and Buzzy
lage area and Women's Dorm Dis
trict, where even the most op
timistic SP ranks had expected a
And rumors, as usual, were fly
ing from all. quarters.,. One had it
that Townsend Holt, the SP win
ner in the freshman class presi
dential race, might be disqualified
by the electons board for exceed
ing the allowed expense account.
It was reported that the UP candi
date Jack Williams didn't want to
press charges and that neither
candidate wanted the office if
there was going to be any argu
ment baout it.
Tt was hinted that President Bob
Gorham would meet with SP
leaders this afternoon in wrhat
might amount to a "bargaining"
Some were going so far as to
say that a UP movement was un
derway to introduce a bill in
Legislature to redistrict the cam
pus so as to give the UP more
favorable returns in the next elec
tion. Tonight would probably be
their last chance to introduce such
a bill, since tonight's is the last
meeting of the old Legislature in
which the UP has only two less
men than the SP.
The feeling in both the UP and
the SP camp was that a 31 to 8
majority is a mighty big majority
(See ELECTION, page 4)
Graham Memorial bar b e r
dashing in an hour late the
other morning with the forgive
able excuse: "Wife had a little
boy about 2 o'colck this morn
ing," Br awn y football halfback
teaching near-blind student how
to punt in middle of Polk Place.
Athletic Director C. P. Erick
son commenting, "We've been
out of. big-time football for a
long time. We haven't won a
major game since 1949." '
By J. D. Wright
Phi Speaker Wade Matthews,
refused to cast the deciding vote
needed to split the deadlock on a
bill which includes calling for im
peachment of Senator Joseph R.
McCarthy and the firing of Attor
ney General Brownell Tuesday
Heated debate on the Bill fol
lowed the address of guest speaker
Lafayette Patterson, former U. S.
Congressman from Alabama who
denounced "McCarthyism" and
"Witch-Hunting" in government.
Patterson said, "I take the posi
tion that America and Democracy
does not need the crutch of purge
to reach the high call of its des
tiny; I further maintain that if the
same people who agree with and
uphold the trend in the United
States today generally known as
"McCarthyism" had lived in the
era, they would have been those
who made Socrates drink the
Hemlock and helped crucify the
"Witch-Hunting is not new in
the United States," Patterson told
the Assembly. "It has, however,
reached a dangerous peak and the
only way out is to quit looking."
Patterson, offering a solution to
the problem, said, "If someone in
public office without fear of his
constituency and failure to be re
elected would face the situation in
a head-on fight to abolish witch
hunting I believe it could be ac
complished." Most members of the Phi As
(See PHI, page 4)
New Courses And Professors
Being Offered Next Semester
In answer to long insistent stu
dent demands for courses on cur
rent topics of wprld importance
such as the Soviet Union, the
work of the United Nations, and
problems of Southeast Asia, new
courses have been added to the
University curriculum, and will be
taught by outstanding visiting lec
turers. In the Department of Political
Science, Dr. Amry Vandenbosch,
Burton Gaige visiting professor of
jurisprudence, will teach a course
on the United Nations and also
one on the Government and Poli
tics of Southeast Asia.
An advisor at the 1945 San
Francisco Conference on the UN
and long familiar with the prob
lems of the Far East, Dr. Vanden-i
bosch is considered one of the j
leading authorities on Indonesia
Miss Carolyn Recht, graduate of
Radcliffe College, and former
worker with the State Department,
will be the visiting lecturer for a
course on Soviet Totalitarianism.
Ths course , will cover social and
political aspects of Russia today,
and will be concerned with . "the
problem of maintaining control
and releasing tensions caused by
the Russian threat."
The Economics department is
offering - a graduate course in
"Economy in the Soviet Union,"
which will be taught by Dr. David
Grannick. In commenting on the
course, Dr. Grannick said, "It deals
with a system of economy which is
entirely different from ours. A
better understanding of Russian
economy could lead to a better
n L Average
Will Ask Legislature For Special Group
To Study Bill Raising Level For Athletes
The Joel Fleishman-sponsored bill that would require athletes to
maintain an overall C average to be eligible to participate in sports
will not come up for action by the Legislature tonight.
The Ways and Means Committee decided yesterday that it would
"There is no one-and-only cor
rect interpretation of Greek trag
edy," Dr. Preston Epps, professor
of Greek in the University and
faculty lecturer in the humanities
for tliQ current semester, told an
audience in Gerrard Hall this
This week's lecture oh Greek
tragedy marked the beginning of
the eleventh series of Faculty Lec
tures in the Humanities, a lec
tureship instituted so that under
graduates along with the entire
University community might hear
prominent members of the humani
ties department on topics of gen
Dr. Epps, in his talk, "Toward
Understanding Greek Tragedy,"
discussed four indispensables for
"coming at these Athenian trage
dies as nearly as possible as the
Athenians came at them."
j "We have only slightly more
jthan 10 per cent of the plays said
j to have been written by our three
famous tragic authors," Dr. Epps
stated, as his first indispensable.
Second among the indispensables
according" to the lecturer, is recog
nition of the fact that, from Homer
through the Fifth Century, B.C.,
at least, the Athenians accorded
their poets the first place in their
scheme of education, and de
manded that they be teachers of
"the good and useful" just as in
sistently as they did that they be
A third indispensable is "as ac
curate "a conception as possible of
the role of omens and oracles in
Greek life and in Athenian trag
edy," Dr. Epps explained.
There were two attitudes to
ward such matters. One was an
unquestioning, one - hundred per
cent belief in their inerrant ac
curacy and possible fulfillment and
the other was total disbelief.
understanding of the problems
America is facing today."
Dr. Grannick received his Ph.D.
in Economics from Colombia Uni
versity, and also has a certificate
from the Russian Institute at Co
lombia. He has taught at Rutgers
University, Long Island University,
City College of New York, and
from 1951 until the present was
head of the Department of Eco
nomics at Fisk University. He is
being brought here as professor of
both the Department of Economics!
and the Department of City and
Regional Planning. j
Dr. R. B. Robeson of the Politi
cal Science Department and Pro
fessor Milton Heath of the Eco
nomics Department urge that stu
dents .consider these courses for
Dale Sanford Ryon, former Uni
versity student who, as a junior
in the University last year,
achieved the highest academic av
erage in his class, this wek re
ceived the first annual Jessie Mai
Petty award, Dean of Awards E. L.
Mackie announced yesterday.
Ryon received the $100; cash
prize connected with the honor
last spring, at the time of Phi
The award is to be given an
nually by James B. Petty, Univer
sity alumnus and president of
Radio Station WLTC, Gastonia.
-ask that a special committee oe set
up to study the bill further before
any action is taken.
The bill has been under study
for the past week by student gov
ernment leaders, faculty and ad
ministration members, students
The group agreed generally last
week that the bill constituted dis
crimination against athletes, since
participants in other extra-curricular
activities such as the band and
publications staffs are not required
to have a C average.
The Ways and Means Committee
met again ygstSrSy WHU Athletic
Dlrteter" 6. P. Srickson. Erickson
thought it "a" little bit oiit of line
to have one set of rules to cover
one student activity and another
set to cover" another activity."
Answering committee Chairman
Manning Muntzing's question of
whether the C average would have
a detrimental effect on the ath
letic program here, Erickson said,
"Any rule that we would have
calling for a higher average would
put us at a competitive disadvan
tage with other schools."
He pointed out that already
Carolina requires a higher grade
average of athletes than is required
by the Atlantic Coast Conference
rule. The conference rule states
that an athlete must pass 24 se
mester hours, but makes no men
tion of what grade must be made
on those hours. Carolina now re
quires that athletes make half
C's or better.
Erickson said that if the bill
were passed it "would not be a
vital factor" in discouraging ath
letes from coming here.
It was suggested last week that
Fleishman rewrite the bill to in
clude all extracurricular activities.
Feishman agreed, but he said yes
terday that he thought more in
formation should be gathered be
fore the bill is finally presented
Should the bill pass when it is
presented, it would not be law.
It would be merely a suggestion
to the faculty, which has control
over what grade requirement ath
letes should meet.
, According to Muntzing, Chancel
lor R. B. House said yesterday
that he was "definitely opposed to
any regulations affecting one
branch of students."
House said earlier this week
that he" was opposed to a C aver
age rule for any extracurricular
activity. "My personal opinion,"
he said, "is that if a person is
fitted to be a student, he's fitted
(See LEGISLATURE, page 4)
Di Votes For
The Di Senate this week went
on record in favor of the United
States' adopting low tariff rates.
The votes was 17 to 5 in favor of
this course of action.
Another section of this same bill
demanding that the United States
cancel all foreign economic aid to
Europe during the coming fiscal
year was defeated by a slim mar
gin of eight votes.
A third section of the bill, pro
posing that a copy of the resolu
tion be sent to the President Of
the United States and the Speaker
of the House, was also defeated
by a margin of 12 votes.
Senator Bill Scarborough said,
"It's a Santa Claus program, one
in which it's Christmas all year."
He protested, "So far our aid has
been used to subsidize socialism
amid Europe's economic chaos,
and it's high time for it to stop."
Senator Norwood Bryan stated
that discontinuance of economic
aid to Europe would be equivalent
to "handing Russia just what she
wants i.e., satellites."