i - i -rvV :-i t
CHAPEL HILL, II.
Colder with showers early to
day. Expected high of 42.
W U N C
A staff writer and the editor
join forces to comment on WUNC.
the campus FM station. See p. 2.
VOL. LVI! NO. 83
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1955
Offices In Graham Memorial
FOUR PACES TODAY
en In Service On January 31
May Receive G I Bill
By RUTH DALTON .
Persons now in the service or who go into the service
before Jan. 31 may have a possibility of drawing full educa
tional benefits, according to information received from Col.
F. C. Sh.ephard, veterans' advisor here.
Bills to permit those now
into service through Jan. 31,
iyoo, to continue to accumulate
eligibility for educational benefits
under Public Law 550 were intro
duced on the opening day of Con
gress by Rep. Teague of Texas
and Rogers of Massachusetts.
Teague is chairman of the
House Veterans' Affairs Commit
tee and Mrs. Rogers the ranking
minority member. In a statement
Teague' said he felt the legisla
tion was desirable because hiany
young men in service had been,
and were still being, told by re
cruiting officers that they would
get full credit for the time spent
in service up to two years, for
educational entitlement. ,
: , The President's proclamation
ending accumulation of eligibility
for educational benefits as of Jan.
31, 1955) means that the last vet
eran under Public Law 550,
would under present law, have to
finish his course under the law
by . Jan.' 31, 1963, or eight years
after discharge or release from
active service, whichever is earl
ier. There is some possibility, ac
cording to sources close to the
House Veterans' Affairs Commit
tee, that the committee will give
consideration during this session
to legislation to give educational
benefits to "peacetime" veterans
(that is, to those who enter serv
ice after Jan. 31, 1955), and ex
tending for a period as long as
the Selective Service law provid-1
ing . for induction for two years
compulsory active duty remains
. cn the books.
If such legislation is introduced
it probably would provide that
men in service would accumulate
eligibility for educational benefits
at the rate of only one day for
each day of service, rather than
one and one-half for each day
of service up to 24 months, as
The President's "State of the
Union" message to Congress .con
tained a sentence saying that
"studies will be undertaken to
determine the need for measures
to ease the readjustment to civ
ilian life of men required to en
ter the Armed Services for a
period of two or more years."
Women's Residence Council
to Begin Holding Interviews
'The Women's Residence Coun-
ch has announced that at the be
ginning of the spring ' semester it
will hold interviews and make ap
pointments for the offices of
Chairman of Leadership Training,
Chairman of May Day Orientation
Chairman and Editor of the Wom
The Council office on the sec
ond floor of Graham Memorial
will be open so that those inter
ested in applying may examine
previous records in the files.
After the files are closed, ap
plications should be turned in ,at
the Council office. At that time
the applicants will sign up for in
terviews with the Council.
The following 'schedule for ex
amination of the files, turning in
applications and for interviews
for the different offices has been
Alpha Phi Omega To Run
Nop-Profit Book Shop
A student book exchange will .in the book,
be run at the beginning of next When the book haa .been sold
semester by Alpha Phi Omega, APO will notify thc . student and
national service fraternity, in ,
New East Annex.
The book exchange will be run
on a strictly non-profit basis with
only a small fee of 10 per cent of
th hook orice charged by APO.
The system will be set up so J
ctiiHfritc will hrinff their!
used books to the exchange, set
their own prices and fill out the
claim forms. One of these forms
v. ctndent will keep, one APO
will have, and one will be placed
in the Armed Serv
ices or going
In Women's Dorms:
House Council Hears
Cases Of Late Coeds
By JACKIE GOODMAN
The majority of the male popu
lation of Carolina's campus does
not seem to be able to under
stand why the coeds here have
to be in their dormitories by
certain hours at night, and prob
ably more of the boys don't have
much of an idea of what hap
pens to their dates when they
are not in the dorms by these
The first thing which a late
returning coed must do (after
banging on screens and calling
under windows to be let in) is
sign a House Offense Slip. On
the slip she is required to put
her name, the date and her of
fense (the number of minutes
she arrived after closing hours
of the dorm).
On the first Monday night aft
er she has committed her of
fense, the guilty coed is brought
before the dormitory's House
Council for appropriate action.
A dormitory's House Council is
comprised of the vice president
of the dorm, who acts as presid
ing officer, two "holdover" mem
bers who are elected in spring
and serve through the next year
and two representatives ' elected
in the fall from each floor in the
The Council, which meets at
11 p.m., usually gathers in one of
the small sitting rooms off of the
living room in the dorms. The
offenders for the week must re
main outside of the Council's
meeting room until they are
summoned by a Council member.
Upon entering the room, the
coed is instructed to sit in a
chair which has been placed in
full view of all of the Council
members. The vice president of
the dorm, who presides over. the
Council, is seated behind one of
the dorm's card tables, while the
For Leadership Training Chair
man the files will be open, on
Feb. 4 and 5 from 2 until 4 p.m.
Applications are due at 5 p.m. on
Feb. 8. The , Interviews will be
held on Feb. 10 from 4 to 5:30
The files containing records of
previous May Day Chairmen will
be open from 2 until 4 p.m. on
Feb. 11 and 12. Applications for
the position will be due at 5 p.m.
on Feb. 15, and interviews will be
held from -4 until 5:30 p.m. on
For Orientation Chairman the
files will be 'open from 2 until 4
p.m. on Feb. 18 and 19. Applica
tions will be due at noon on Feb.
22,' and interviews will be held on
Feb. 23 and 24 from 4 until 5:30
ne wm u.
ITODauie nours lvl me uuu. -
change will be from 9 a..m. to
12 noon and from 2 to 4 p.m. The
exchange will open on Tuesday,
. . .., i .!, tVio
Feb. 1, ana wiu run tmuu-
drop - add period.
The book exchange has been
run by APO for several , years,
but they hope to be able to en
large their service this year. Any
thing except class notes will be
A mistake was made in the
final exam schedule as printed
yesterday. All noon classes on
TThS and Nav. Sci, 101, 201,
301, and 401 will have their
exams on 1 Friday, Jan. 21, at
rest of the Council, clad in- any
thing from bermuda shorts and
boys shirts to 'dressy dresses"
and high heeled shoes, are sit
ting on the sofa and chairs.
The presiding officer first
reads the offense with which the
coed is charged. Then she asks
the coed if she has any statement
to tell to the Council. If she does
not wish to make any statement,
or if the Council finds that her
statement does not warrent that
she be excused from punishment,
the girl is then asked if there is
any reason why she can not take
probation on a certain night or
Probation consists of the
coed returning to her dorm by
eight p.m. and . signing in with
the Council chairman.. She must
remain in the dorm until 5 a.m.
of the following day.
The number of nights which
the coed is placed on probation
depends, on the number of min
utes which she remained outside
of her dorm after its regular
closing hours. The penalty for
remaining out from one to 10
minutes late is one night's pro
bation with an additional night
added for " each addition 10 min
utes of lateness.
After five House Council of
fenses a coed is taken before the
Women's Honor Council for any
subsequent incidences. If a coed
remains outside of her dorm for
one hour or more after its clos
ing hours, she is tried by the
Women's Honor Council.
An ex-convict faced a 23 to
24-year prison sentence today
for kidnaping an 18 year old
North Carolina State College
student and firing nine bullets
into his body after robbing a
motel near Pittsboro .
Paul M. Fulton, 30, of San
ford, on probation from, a 5 to
7 year sentence for larceny,
was convicted Monday of kid
naping and assaulting Donald
E. Johnson with a deadly
weapon with intent to kill. He
Judge Chester' It. Morris
sentenced Fulton in Chatham
Superior Court and offered the
sentence to run concurrent
with Fulton's previous one.
Johnson, employed at the
Fairfield Motor Court at the
time of the robbery, is still
partially cripple from the bul
let wounds. He testified that
Fulton robbed him of $64 taken
from the motel cash drawer
and then forced him at gun
point to drive to Lee County
and to Chatham.
Johnson said that Fulton got
out of the car and fired at him.
After Fulton left him for dead,
Johnson was , able to drive his
car nearly a mile to a farm
house, where he received help.
IWC & Panhell Council
W 0 m e n's
Council and - the Panhellenic I for the sales department, N. C.
Council will sponsor a clothing division. Panelists were Herbert
drive for Glade Valley, locat- R. Down, N. C. division manager;
ed near Greensboro. J. T. Outx, merchandising raan-
The drive will begin Jan. 21 ' agcr; E. J. Petro, training super
and end on Feb. 5. j visor, and R. L. Beranek, office
The IWC will place collection ; manager, all of Charlotte.
boxes in each women's dormitory
and, one in Y court. The Panhell- ond in a series of career programs
enic Council will place boxes in to assist students in selecting a
each sorority house. J career. Sponsors were the Uni-
Marilyn Zager, chairman of the.versity Placement Service, Delta
IWC, urged that all women con-!
tribute to the drive.
Y-Courters dwindling in num
ber as pre-exam. panic grip?
McCorkle Place loking like a
prepared b&ttbe-grouna ; vnxti
mounds of dirt . dotting the
... and away we go!
The Costa Rican issue came .
back into the forefront of cam
pus news yesterday when a
group of Carolina males walke'd
into a quiet 10 o'clock (a.m.)
Y-Court with a portable record
er on which they had taped a
program "recorded in Costa
Rica at the headquarters of
Carlos Lara Hien the rebel lead
er." The some 30 odd students who
were sipping their coffee quiet
ly when the boys arrived, soon
realized that it was all in fun.
Wyatt Dixon and Hartwell
Conklin of the Phi Kappa Sigma
House were .the two who
brought the recording in with
accompanying posters urging in
both English and Spanish for
men to "sign up and go to Costa
Rica," and "Que Vamos, Escribe
The recording featured
"Hien" and one of his "gener
als" with accompanying back
ground battle noises.
The recording included an ap
peal to Carolina males by a nar
rator who identified himself as
"Rodney Yendor, ABBS, Caro
lina, Archeology '46."
The appeal asked all interest
ed men to airmail their requests
for action to Hien in Costa Rica.
The recording was ended by
the playing and singing of the
"Costa Rican national anthem"
which sounded strangely like a
currently popular jump song,
.i'Shake, Rattle and Roll." -?
To Be Held At
RALEIGH, Jan. 18 OP) N. C.
State will be host to the third
annual Farm Press, Radio and
Television Institute Feb. 18 and
Stanley Andrews, executive dir
ector of the Kellogg Foundation's
national project in agricultural
communications, will address a
banquet meeting Friday, Feb. 18.
Wayne Cropening, agricultural
director for Wachovia Bank and
Trust Co. of Winston-Salem and
former Haywood County farm ag
ent, will discuss "The Business
Side of Farming'' at a luncheon
A program on water conserva
tion and irrigation is planned for
Saturday morning. Speakers will
include D. S. Weaver, chairman.
of the Governor's Advisory Water
Kescources committee ana airect
or of the Agricultural Extension
service; J. L. Stuckey, state geo
logist; Howard Ellis, head of ex
tension agricultural engineering;
and H. M. Van Bavel and C. J.
Nusbaum, experiment station sci
fsso Oil Panel
Held Here In
Students here interested in ca
reers in the petroleum industry
were presented an inside picture
of that field by representatives
of the Esso Standard Oil Com
pany, who spoke in Gerrard Hall
Conducting the panel discussion
was A. J. Thornhill, manager of
personnel and public relations
The open meeting was the sec- j
Sigma Pi and Alpna Kappa Psi,
j professional business fraternities, i
Rare Johnson Books
In Display At Library
3y UNIVERSITY NEWS BUREAU
Two centuries ago, when North
Carolina was still an English
colony, a book was published in
England that was to become one
jf the -most famous volumes in
he English language.
This was a dictionary compiled
by Dr. Samuel Johnson. At that
ime, 1755, Johnson's Dictionary
jf the English Language was the
nost complete publication of its
iind in existence and remained
the final authority on words for
more than a century.
In observance of the 200th an
niversary of Dr. Johnson's famous
wo volume work, this rare and
valuable set of books is now be
ing displayed in the main lobby
of the University Library. These
books are part of the permanent
collection located in the Library
Rare Book Room and will be on
display for several weeks.
FOUND FINANCIAL BACKERS
Johnson decided to write the
dictionary in 1747 and began to
search for financial backers for
the project. However, the project
was too great a venture for any
one bookseller, and a combina
tion of booksellers undertook to
finance it. Johnson also sought
and received the backing of Lord
phesterfield, then Secretary of
State, who was one of England's
leading patrons of the letters in
his day. '
j The combination of - booksell
ers and Johnson agreed that the
sum' of 1,575 pounds should be re
ceived by Johnson for the work.
Out of this amount, Johnson a
greed to pay for whatever assis
tants he hired.
The writer estimated that with
one or two assistants he could
complete the work in three years.
Johnson actually had to hire six
assistants and spent eight years
on the task.
The method of procedure was
very simple. Johnson first made
out a list of words, partly from
preceding dictionaries and partly
from his own knowledge.
Johnson was a good Latin sch-
olar, but his ignorance of other
1 foreign languages prevented him ;
from producing what today would
be considered a good dictionary.
Life magazine is cooperating
with the Morehead Planetarium
in the production of Billions of
Years Ago, which opens here next"011 Contest, open to women un-
Planetarium director A. F. Jen
zano said yesterday permission
had been granted by the pictorial
magazine for extensive use of
materials now appearing in its
current series of articles The Wor
ld We Live In.
"We are grateful for the co
operation and permission by Life,"
said Jenzano, "because it will en
able us to present to the public
another astounding spectacular
show in full, natural and rich
color and in three dimensional
Billions of Years Ago will draw
largely upon the Life art work
and photographs contained in its
The Earth is Born and Canopy of
Air parts of the series. .AH of
the parts will be included in
Life's book, The World We Live
In, which will be published soon.
Planetarium technicians will
use all of its facilities and know
how in producing Billions of
Years Ago. Planetarium officials
hope it " will be the fourth so
called big production in its yearly
schedule of shows, rating in pub
lie appeal alongside the Christ-
mas and Easter stories and the
annual summertime space trip
The Current offering, Sun, Ear-!
th's Powerhouse, will close next
However, two centuries ago the I
conception of a dictionary was j
very limited. It was expected to
contain only the words that were
used by authors of that day.
In 1755 Johnson's publication
was considered "epoch making"
since it devoted for the first time
a really skilled intellect to the
study of language and substituted
for the previous rough and ready
method a fine power of discrim
ination. From another point of view the
dictionary is often found inter
esting because of its idiosyncras
ies. Johnson was often exceeding
ly pompous in his writings, and
though most of his definitions are
terse and clear, he occasionally
slips into his usual fault..
SHOWED HIS PREJUDICES
While writing his dictionary
Johnson thought little of any per
sons who would accept a pension
from the government. He defined
a pension as, "pay given to a
state hireling for treason against
his country." It is interesting in
view of this to note that Johnson
accepted a yearly pension of 300
pounds before his death.
His hatred of the Whigs is
shown in his terming the excise
tax, a favorite resource of the '
Whigs, a "hateful tax."
As for himself, Johnson term-'
ed a lexicographer "a writer of j
dictionaries; a harmless drudge." j
Johnson held the Scotch people j
in great contempt and showed !
this "in his definition of oats when!
he wrote, "Oats a grain which
in England is generally given to
horses, but in Scotland supports
To this definition it is said
that a Scotchman replied, "Eng
land is known for its horses and
for its people."
GMAB'S Film Series Commit
te announced yesterday that
tickets for the Spring Series
are on sale now in Graham
Memorial and Ledbetter Pick
ard's. Price of the tickets, good
for the complete series of eight
films, is $2. The first film will
be shown Feb. 3.
Until March 1
dergradiiates throughout the nat
ion, is now in progress, and all
entries must be postmarked be
fore midnight, March 1.
UNC has had two contest win
ners in the last two years. Miss
Louise Hardeman of "Chapel Hill
who graduated from the Univer
sity in June, 1954, won the con
test of that year with her short
story, The Lost Beach.
"Mr. Shawn and Father Scott,"
a short story by Mrs. Doris Betts,
won the 1953 contest. This story
won while Mrs. Betts was a stu
dent at Women's College in
Greensboro. She is now living in
Her husband studying law. Mrs.
Betts writes for a local newspaper
and does free-lance work.
Her work has been republished
in Mademoiselle several times,
and she received very favorable
reviews for her first book of
short stories, The Gentle Insur
rection, published in April, 1954,
which was awarded the first an
nual $2,000 fiction prize given by
Putnam's Son's, Publishers,
through the University.
The contest winners will be an-
nounced in the August issue of
the magazine. Any woman under
graduate under 26 years of age
who is regularly enrolled in a
degree-granting college is elijj-
By NEIL BASS
The Wesley Foundation, student Methodist organization, here ha.s
passed a resolution declaring racial segregation a denial "of true
Christian brotherhood." The group also extended an invitation to any
student of any race to "join their fellowship."
In a letter submitted to The Daily Tar Heel by Uichard Whitakcr.
i chairman of the Wesley Founda
CM HEREf J
A drug exhibit made from lo
cal plants by students in Botany
45 will be on display for the pub
lic in Davie Hall from Jan. 24
The Community Drama Group
will meet Sunday at 7:45 p.m. in
the assembly room of the library
Ralph Casey will direct a read
ing of Arthur Miller's Death of
A Salesman. Copies of the script
may be obtained at the news
stand in the post office.
Regular worship .services of
the Community Church of Chap
el Hill, Rev. Charles M. Jones,
minister, will be held Sunday
morning at 11 o'clock in Hill
Hall. Immediately after the serv
ices, the regular quarterly Com
munion service will.be held.
7 p.m. Winnie the Pooh:
"Exposition to the North Pole"
7:15 Music in the Air
7:30 French Press Review
7:45 Cosmopolitan Interview
with John Riebel
8 BBC Drama
9 Adventures in Song
9:30 Great Books of Asia
10:10 Evening Masterwork
11:30 Sign Off
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18 W
Sen. Scott D-NC, one of 37 seni
ors sponsoring a bill to strength
en control of illegal narcotics,
said the measure would be of
great benefit to North Carolina
"which has become a trading cen
ter for narcotics in the South."
"The narcotics problem in Nor
th Carolina," Scott said, "is one
of the most acute problems in the
t if i
N. C. League For Nurses
Sponsor Institute Here
MISS FRANCES GINSBERG
. . . spoke Monday
Women's Blazers To Be
Sold As Well As Men's
Sale of blazers on campus, to
start sometime near the middle
of spring semester, will include
an assortment of women's bla
zers. The project will be spon
sored by the Interdormitory
Cost of the women's coat,
which has a UNC seal on the
pocket, will range from S18.95
to $26.95. Women's coats will
be. available in a variety of col
ors. Men's coats, originally an
nounced to sell for $26.95, will
be sold at an introductory price
of $25.95. Colors will be char
coal gray and navy blue.
Robert Rawling's Blazer Co.
will begin custom fitting both
men's and women's blazers in
tion Christian Outreach Commis
sion, the group explained that
"the attached resolution was pre
sented to the Wesley Foundation
of the University of North Caro
lina on Jan. 9, 1955. The following
Sunday, Jan. 16, the resolution
was adopted by a 48-3 ballot, with
two people registering abstentions.
The ballot was secret so that no
person would feel pressured, and
so that a true representative ex
pression might be obtained, ac
cording to Whitaker.
The resolution in full reads, "As
Christians wc confess ourselves to
be the children of God, brothers
of Jesus Christ. Wc believe racial
discrimination is a denial of this
brotherhood. Furthermore we be
lieve compulsory racial segrega
tion is a manifestation of this dis
crimination and therefore a de
nial of this brotherhood."
This Wesley Foundation state
ment, first known of its kind by a
Chapel Hill religious group, went
on to say, "Therefore, while re
alizing the practical difficulties of
applying the decision of the Su
preme Court concerning segrega
tion of whites and negroes in pu1
i lie schools, we believe the deci
; sion to be a true interpretation of
J the Christian faith and our Ameri
j can democracy; and we of the
Wesley Foundation hereby mak.,
j it known that wc will continue to
j welcome into our fellowship any
student regardless of his race."
When told of the resolution,
John Riebel, associate secretary of
the YMCA said, "All campus re
ligious groups welcome, as far as
I know, students of all rnees,
which is as it should be. It is
good to remind ourselves (A tlvs
from time to time by public state
ment." Rev. John A. Weidinger, of lli"
Catholic Church here said that
"he had no statement concerning
the matter," and Rector David W.
Yates of the Episcopal Chapel of
the Cross announced that he "had
Claude Shotts, General Secre
'ary of (he YMCA. said concern
ing the Wesley Foundation resolu
tion, "We of the YMCA for the
last two years have had a standing
nolicy to admit Negroes to our
The Operating Room Nursing
j Institute, sponsored by the North
Carolina League for Nurses, op
ened at the School of Nursing
here last Monday and will hold
its closing session today.
Miss Frances Ginsberg, operat
ing room consultant for Bing
ham Associates, New England
Center Hospital, Boston, Mass.,
delivered the keynote address at
the opening session.
Speaking on the role and rela
tionship of operating room per
sonnel, Miss Ginsberg addressed
some 80 nurses.
The course is one of the sev
eral programs sponsored by the
North Carolina League for Nurses
fo foster the development of
nursing services and education
through coordinated action of
nurses and . allied professional
Yesterday's program was open
ed by a panel discussion of op
erating room emergencies.
Moderated by Dr. David A. Da
vis, professor of anesthesioJogy
here, the panel was composed of
Dr. Newton Fisher, head of the
department of otolaryngology in
the School of Medicine here; Mrs.
Elizabeth Aid. chief anesthesist,
Watts Hospital, Durham, and Mis
Anne Casstevens, operating room
clinical instructor, N. C. Baptist
A problem clinic on steriliza
tion with representatives froir
three companies will be held to
dav to dose the course.