'iC&ayeX.JIUl. U. C.
There's a. Virginia feller down
here trying to stir things up and
the editor dissents from his point
of view. See p. 2.
' : WE ATHER
Cloudy today with chance of
light rain, xpected high of 65.
VOL. LVII NO. 103
Complete (P) Wire Service
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1955
Offices In Graham Memorial
FOUR PAGES TODAY
DR. JEFFRESS PALMER
. . , on blood evaluation
. Blood evaluation by the most
recent methods will be studied
by physicians attending the Post
graduate faedical Course here , in
aV ; session on Wednesday after
noon, March 2, in the Clinic
Building- auditorium. ! . - :
Dr. Jeffress G. Palmer, assist
ant professor of medicine, 1 UNC
School" of: Medicine, will discuss
hew developments in blood study
and analysis. ,
: - ills lecture will be the third in
the current eight-week Chapel
Hill series, sponsored by the UNC
Medical School and Extension Di
: General practitioners attend the
sessions to keep informed oh the
latest diagnostic methods and
aids,: and to gain credit for use
in fulfillment of American Acad
emy of General Practice require
ments ' '' "" "" 1 -
: The present course covers such
areas - as chest x-ray, gynecology,
biopsy, infectious diseases and
" Dr.'Palmer, who joined the UNC
medical staff in 1952, holds a B.S.
and. M.D. from Emory University,
Atlanta, Ga. He served his intern
ship at Bowman Gray School of
Medicine in Winston-Salem.
. After completing his residency
in medicine at Emory from 1947
49, - he accepted a fellowship in
medicine at University of Utah
College of Medicine, where he re
mained until coming" to Chapel
Allied Artists' Show Is
On Display In Person
I,An exhibition of the Allied Ar
tists of North Carolina, sponsor
edby the North Carolina chap
ter" of American Institute of Ar
chitects, together with the First
Annual Honor Awards Exhibit,
North Carolina Architecture is
now on display at Person Hall
The showing will continue
through Sunday. ,
""Photographs, floor plans and
descriptions of modern North
Cafolina. homes are included in
the exhibit, along with plans for
Jiew school and office buildings
JhT'oughout the state.
To Meet Here
RALEIGH, Feb. 22 UP Two
noted women journalists head the
list of speakers for the spring
meeting of the North Carolina
Press Women's Assn. in Chapel
Ifill March 12-13.
The program for the meeting
and accompanying institute for
women's page writers was an
nounced today by Dorothy Cam
eron of Raleigh, association vice
president and institute chairman.
Dorothy ' Roe, Associated Press
women's editor, will conduct a
workshop on "Improving Women's
Pages," at a session the afternoon
ocMarch 12. At a banquet that
night, Mrs. Jane McElvaine of
Downington, Pa., will speak on
"Inside Russia." She recently tour
ed Russia with a newspaper group.
Wins Freedom Award
UNC's Communication Center
was yesterday awarded a Freedoms
Foundation honor certificate for
an outstanding contribution to the
American -way of life during 1954.
The Center's radio program,
"American Adventure," won. The
program is heard over FM Station
John Clayton, director of the
Rho Chi Society of the School
of Pharmacy here ' will sponsor
a slide exhibition and a lecture
by Dr. La.urin C. MacKinney, Ke
nan Professor of history, tomor
row. Dr. MacKinney's topic will be
"Medieval Pharmacy As Seen in
Manuscript Miniatures." It will
be based on his own visits to
The lecture will be given in
Howell Hall tomorrow at 8 p.m.
and will be open to the public.
CHARLOTTE, Feb.. 22 iJ?i State
Labor Commissioner Frank Crane
spoke out strongly today in favor
of a 55-cent state minimum wage
He also criticized employers pay
ing below that leveL :
Addressing the . Mecklenburg
County Women's Legislative Fo
rum, Crane said, "Such a law
would benefit ISorlh Carolina by
increasing our per capita income,
which is fourth from the bottom of
he list among the states."
He added that "the 55-cent hour
y minimum is not high enough to
ii'i'ect any business establishments
In giving his views on wage min
Imums, Crane quoted the late For
est H. Shuford, whom he succeeded
is commissioner. Crane said Shu
" 'I would be most happy to see
he wages of North Carolina's low
est paid working people raised to
a decent level by voluntary action
md without recourse to legisla
tion. " 'During the last 14 years, how
ever, I have observed that our
emergence from a period of severe
depression into a period of higher
orosprity has not rsulted in a
if ting of the wage levels of our
'owest paid workers to a point
t which they are provided a decent
minimum to sustain life, health,
efficiency and good citizenship.
" 'Upon the basis ol long ob
ervation, exerience, and much stu
dy of this matter I have been forc
ed to conclude that we have a mi
lority of employers who will com
tinue to pay the very lowest wage
which the traffic will bear, ir
respective of the extent to which
heir businesses prosper.' " Shuford
died last year.
Crane based his talk on the
'.heme that "Rosie the Riviter Went
to River Rouge and Hasn't Come
Back." He said women make up
35.6 per cent of the factory labor
rorce in this state, compared to
only 32 per cent before World
Two results of this directly afr
fecting women, he added, are that
wage averages are slightly re
duced and that men are taking
-ver more and more duties in the
Whitesides Recital To
Begin New Musicales
William Whitesides, tenor, will
be presented in a recital next
Sunday night as the first of a
series :of six Petites Musicales
.vhich Graham Memorial will pre
sent this semester.
Whitesides, now on the staff
of the Mars Hill College music
department, has taught in the mu
sic department here and also di
rected the . Women's Glee Club
and instructed individual students.
He has appeared as soloist with
the Charlotte Symphony, at the
Communication Center, said yes
terday he thought the award was
"fine." The particular program
which won, he said, was "King
With Crown," a "study of dignity
and self-sacrifice." . "
The program, said Clayton was
the story of a slave boy on a slave
ship and the man who helped him.
Top awards on the Foundation's
list went to evangelist. Billy Gra
ham and, St. John's University of
Brooklyn. The list was read in a
flag-draped barn of colonial vin
tage in Valley Forge, Pa. Graham
will receive $1,000 and an encased
George Washington Honor Medal.
In addition to Graham and the
Communication Center, 10 other
fjorth Carolina individuals and
groups won awards.
North Carolina winners includ
ed: City of Charlotte, Freedom Cele
bration Day, second place award in
general category, $50 and George
Washington Honor Medal.
Louis F. Jaeckel, Hendersohville,
second place award for editorial,
"This is America' in Dixie News
Service, $50 and George Washing
ton Honor Medal.
. St Stephen's High School, Hick
ory, high school editorial award
for "Thank You, America!" in "The
Torch,:' $100 and George Wash
ington Honor Medal.
A.L. Brown High School, Kan
napolis, honor certificate."
Herman C. Koch of E. I. DuPont
plant at Kinston, George Washing
ton Honor Medal as editor of com
pany employe publication, "The
Exchanger." The publication itself
also won a George Washington
' Itlalph Mills, Jr., 408 Stacey St.,
Raleigh, George Washington Honor
Medal for photograph, "Hunan
Max Tharpe, Statesville, honor
certificate for photograph, -'Thanks
Dr. L. Nelson Bell, Weaverville,
George Washington Honor Medal
for magazine article, "While Men
Slept," in '-'The Southern Presby
terian Journal." Dr. Bell is Billy
Edward T. Simmons, 612 S. Main
St., Winston-Salem, George Wash
ngton Honor Medal for photograph
"My Land and My Home."
Clifford P. Hood, president of the
United States Steel Corp., handed
out the awards to the top 25 win
ners, and distributed $14,000 in
cash prizes. All told, the founda
tion will pay $'1,000 toward win
ners for 1954, besides honoring 191
high schools. Secondary awards
will be presented at regional cere
monies later this year.
Freedoms Foundation, a non
profit, nonsectarian organization,
started its project to spread the
story of American liberties in 1949.
At that time, President Eisenhow
er, then head of Columbia Univer
sity, gave out the awards.
Graham, who has traveled across
the world in his work for God, was
cited "for his high resolve, his
application of clear strength in the
Lord's work and his discernment
of the ways to live in Christian dig
nity in times that have bewildered
so many of eminence." :
SHOW BOAT MAN SCHLEY
Kuralt teamed up on the Play
makers' upcoming attraction . . .
TWO OF Show Boat's leads,
SHEARIN and POUSSE, ar fea
tured today, and pictures of Di
rector KAI JURGENSON and
CHORUS are included . . . see
page four for details.
Brevard Music Camp and on radio
and television. .
"My favorite music," said White
sides, "is natural vocal, particu
larly choral works. I like some
opera, especially Mozart, and I
enjoy singing German leider."
For his program, he has chosen
two Elizabethan love songs, a set
of six German leider, a cycle by
Ravel and five songs arranged by
the American composer Aaron
Survey Shows UNC Grads
Are Doing Well I Financially
University of North Carolina graduates of the last several years
have done pretty well in earings if the available records of the five
year class of 1949 may be accepted as a criterion.
A survey of the '49 class made by Director J. M .Galloway of the
: University Placement Service
Dr. Ira Reid, professor and
chairman of the department of so
ciology at Haverford College, Ha
verford, Pa., will speak tonight on
"Implementing the Supreme Court
Decision" at a dinner meeting at
the Episcopal Parish House. .
The meeting will be open to all
students, faculty and townspeople.
Reservations for the supper may be
made at the YMCA office by phon
ing 9-9181. The cost will be 80
Dr. Reid will deliver two guest
lectures in classes this morning
at 8 and 10 o'clock. He will speak
to faculty members and members
of the Ministerial Association at a
luncheon in Lenoir' Hall at 12:45.
Dr. Reid is past president of the
Eastern Sociological Society and
the Society for the Study of So
He is author if The Negro Im
migrant and In A Minor Key. He
is co-author of Sharecroppers All.
Miss Dixon To
Head Glee Club
'Miss Roberta Dixon, junior mu
sic major from Raleigh, was elect
ed to head the Women's Glee Club
for the spring semester at a meet
ing last week.
Miss Dixon succeeds Miss Kath
ryn Williams as president. The
election of other officers was
postponed until later.
Plans for the Club's activities
during the spring include ' a con
cert at Fort Bragg, an appearance
on television, the annual spring
concert with the Men's Glee Club
and a concert at State College in
Miss Dixon and Joel Carter,
Glee Club director, have urged
that all interested women singers
join the Club immediately if they
wish to participate in it this year.
Any enrolled woman student is j
eligible for membership.
The Israel Workshop Alumni
organization of New York Uni
versity is offering, for a second
consecutive year, a tuition schol
arship for summer study and travel
The award is made on the basis
:f scholastic achievement, charac
ter, financial need, and desire to
oromote American-Israeli friend
ship and understanding. Scholar
hip money is contributed by for
ner participants in NYU's annual
.Vorkshop in Israel. '
Jack Mandel, chairman of the
group's scholarship committee, said
in his announcement that the win
ner will travel this summer with
the seventh NYU Workshop for
American teachers,, students,, and
The Workshop is, designed to
provide first-hand study of Is
rael's language, literature, edu
cational system, governmental and
cultural institutions, and way of
Applications for the scholarship
must be made before May 2. They
should be addressed to Jack Man
del at the Israel Workshop, 2
Washington Square North, New
York 3, N. Y.
shows that of the, members of
that Class who responded to ques
tionnaires, the men are earning an
average salary of $5,200, the wo
men, $3,000, A total ' of 411, or
40 per cent of the 1,053 sent out,
replied to the questionnaire.
Director Galloway ss&d mem
bers of the class replying "hold
responsible positions amenable to
their interests and training, re
ceive appropriate remuneration
and feel "that their college edu
cation has made this possible."
Out of the more than 400 alum
ni and alumnae replying, the
survey shows 214 still residents
of this State, and 173 of the total
group continued their formal ed
ucation since receiving a bache
The questionnaries revealed
that 202 of the 333 presently em
ployed are working in fields close
ly related to their college ma
jors, with the following types of
jobs most frequently listed: sales
and retailing, accounting, teach
ing, self-employment, insurance
Emerging from college with a
large crop of post-war graduates,
and entering a "rather tight, job
market,", the forty-niners have
generally achieved financial suc
cess in the past six years.
; According to survey statistics,
the men of the class of '49 are
now an average of 29 years old,
75 per cent of them are married
and they have 1.7 children each.
Jobs held by the 303 men pres
ently employed "run the gamut
Mnu'missionary priest in.. the, Can
al Zone to public rlations mana
ger for a division of one of the
nation's largest companies."
Over 60 per cent hold jobs
closely related to their major field
at the University, Director Gallo
way said, which is in line with
trends of placement in recent
For the 183 men who accepted
jobs during the first two years
after graduation the survey shows
starting salaries ranging from less
than $2,500 to $6,000. The low
est salary, for the 303 now em
ployed, remains under the $2,500
mark, but the top salary mark
has risen to $8,000 giving an av
erage' of $5,200 per annum.
Director Galloway noted "an at
tempt was made to determine any
correlation between various ele
ments of the students' college
life with the one measurably ele
ment of vocational success sal
ary. "Unfortunately," he reported,
"from the data received, we can
not produce any evidence to sup
port predictability of financial
success from either grades or ex
Although none of the former
campus leaders reporting, such as
Phi Beta Kappa members or stu
dent government officers, have
lone poorly financially, he said,
'it is equally true that many C
.students and non - participators
are doing as well or better."
Sux-vey replies came from 65
women in the class, the great ma
jority having majored in liberal
arts. Although 71 per cent are
married, half of the 65 are still
working, "in jobs ranging from
ra3io copywriter to kindergarten
A low percentage (less than 35
per cent) of the women's jobs
have been closely related to their
college major. Galloway attributes
this to the high number of liberal
arts majors, whose course relates
directly to few fields.
However, almost half the wo
men got the type of job they
most wanted, in comparison of
first jobs with vocational prefer
ence indicated before graduation.
"When the girls of '49 started
work," Galloway said, "they did
well to make $200 a month, while
men started at near $225. How
ever the. gills now average $2,700
$3,200 per annum."
(See SURVEY, page 4.)
Prize pictures of 1954 are
now being exhibited at the Uni
versity Library and will con
tinue to be shown until March
The 11th annual competition j
and exhibition of news pictures
of the year, from which these
winners were chosen, is spon
sored by the School of Journ
alism of the University of Mis
souri. The photographs shown in
clude sports, news, animals, po
litical and human interest sub
jects. Inspection Law
& Whammy Bill
RALEIGH, Feb. 22 A bill re
quiring annual mechanical inspec
tion of motor vehicles reached the
Senate today while a measure to
restrict the use of " "whammy"
sped detection equipment shuttled
from one House committee to an
other. Sens. Clarence Stone of Rock
ing ham and Claude Currie of Dur
ham introduced the inspection bill.
Although Stone said it was not "an
administration bill," Gov. Hodges
and the Motor Vehicles Depart
ment have endorsed mechanical
inspection as an aid to highway
Motor Vehicles Commissioner Ed
Scheidt has expressed strong op
position to the House bill' which
would require the State Highway
Patrol to use its electronic speed
detection devices in full view of
Opponents have attacked the bill
as a blow at enforcement of speed
laws. Supporters claim it would
clarify use of the "whammy."
The bill, introduced by Rep.
Thomas White of Lenoir, endPd up,
in the House Roads and Highway
Safety Comnittee after it had been
reported favorably from House Ju
diciary Committee 1.
Rep. A. C. Edwards of Greene
was filling in for Speaker Larry
Moore of Wilson when the bill was
reported. After a flurry of debate,
the House voted 70-38 against
sending it to the Roads Committee.
The mechanical inspection bill
would require inspection by July 1,
1956 and once a year after that
Sound and Fury Show
Given For Merchants
A musical program by the Sound
arid Fury dramatics group of Gra
ham Memorial Student Union and
a dinner meeting highlighted Sun
day night's opening session of the
fourth annual Conference for
merchants officials of North Caro
lina. Some 75 persons retailers as
well as executives and workers
in State merchants association
registered here for the meeting.
A dinner session followed in the
Carolina Inn with Dr. J. G. Pfaff,
Salisbury, president of the North
Carolina Merchants Association
How To Beat The Whammy . . .
RALEIGH, Feb. 22 tf In
House Judiciary 1 Committee,
they were chuckling over the
ingenious "whammy" warning
system which North Carolina
motorists have devised the
blinking of lights and the sound
ing of horns to warn of an im
pending speed check station.
Series Of Religious
Beliefs Start Sunday
Rev. Harry Smith, director of
student affairs of the Presbyter
ian Church, has announced that
a series of three programs on i
the topic "Comparative Beliefs" j
will begin next Sunday. !
-t Rev. John A. Weidinger, chap- j
iain of the Catholic Church here, j
will speak on the topic "What j
Does t A Catholic Believe?"
The programs will be held at;
the Hut (one block behind the '
Presbyterian Church). ;
Several Events Slated
Honoring Gen. Ridgway
Several events honoring Gen. :
Matthew B. Ridgway, United States ;
Army Chief of Staff ,have" been j
planned for his visit here tomor- j
row when he will deliver, a public I
General Ridgway will be heard
in Hill Hall (not Memorial Hall as
reported before) at 8 p.m. under
sponsorship of the Carolina For
um, non-partisan student organi
zation which brings to the campus
from time to time "well-known
speakers who reflect varying
shades of economic and political
thought." Joel Fleishman, senior
from Fayetteville, heads the For
The General will arrive at Raleigh-Durham
Airport at 3:30 p. m
tomorrow afternoon, and will be
honored at a tea at the home of
President Gordon Gray at 5 p.m. A
private banquet honoring the spea
ker will be held at 6:30 in the Car
olina Inn Pine Room.
Not One Complaint . . .
The new complaints board,
which had its first meeting yes
terday afternoon in the Wood
house Lounge of Graham Me
morial, had no student com
plaints brought before it, ac
cording to Bob Harrington,
chairman of the board.
Positions Now Open On Staff
OfFrosh YMCA Handbook
"Positions are now available on the staff of the YMCA Handbook, "
said Bill Oakley, chairman of the Y Publications Board, yesterday.
According to Oakley, interviews for interested applicants will be con
ducted at the Y Publications office on second floor, Y building, all this
"This is a good opportunity for helpful service to the school and
: : to gain experience in the journal-
I Chief selection will be the nam
The Rev. David Browning Col- j ing of a student to fill the editor's
lins, chaplain of the University oi j position. Candidates for the job,
the South in Sewanee, Tenn., will j which carries with the duties of
conduct a special mission in Cha- ! supervising the operations of a
pel Hill February 27, 28 and March j staff of 25, need not have any pre
1 under sponsorship of Episco- ! vious journalistic experience, but
pal students on the UNC campus, j it would be helpful, Oakley said.
The mission, which will be com- j "As for finances, the publica-
oosed of four sermons, will be
held in the Chapel of the Cross.
Reverend Collin's general theme
will be "Man's Need and God's
Action." Each of the sermbns will
be followed by an informal dis
cussion to be held in the Chapel
On Sunday, February 27, Rev
erend Collins will speak at 11
a.m. on "Are You A Christian,"
and again at 3:30 p.m. on "The
Christian Believes." The Monday
sermon, "The Christian Worships,"
will be heard at 7:30 p.m.
Rep. Shearon Harris of Stan
ly popped up to say that he
had a little system that makes
everyone he meets a more alert
and earful driver.
"I blink my lights at every
one between here and Albe
marle. I really slow 'em up."
Supper will be served at 6 p.m.
at a cost of 50 cents, and pro
grams will begin at 7 p.m.
On March 6, Rabbi E. M. Ros
enzweif, director of B'Nai B'Rith
Hillel Foundation here, will speak
or. "What Does A Jew Believe?"
and on March 13, Dr. Charles
Lynwood Brown, pastor of. White
Memorial Presbyterian Church in
Raleigh, will speak on "What
Does A Presbyterian Believe?"
Bob Young, sophomore from
Asheville and Forum vice-chairman,
said General Ridgway will
be guest f honor at a public re
ception in Graham Memorial main
lounge following his address.
The General has served as Army
Chief of Staff since August, 1953.
when he left his post as Supreme
Commander, Allied Powers in Eu
rope. Already well-known for his com
mands in Italy, Normandy and
Germany during World War n,
General Ridgway took over the
Eighth Army in Korea in late 1950,
and within four months succeeded
General Douglas MacArthur as
Supreme Commander for the Al
lied Powers, Commander-in-Chief
of the U NCommnad in the Far
East, and Commander-in-Chief of
the Far East Command in Japan.
He took over the Europ-an com
mand in May, 1952.
'"I would like to see all stu
dents with complaints come to
I see us and air them." said Ilar
i rington concerning future mect
j ings of the board.
I The group, which was set up
! by the student Legislature, will
1 meet every two weeks.
j istic field," Oakley added.
; The jobs that i.re open include
j work as managing editor, assistant
! photography editor, photographers,
i secretary and artists. There are
' also openings for persons inter
I ested in writing about student gov
I eminent, campus activities, coeds,
athletics, campus iil'e and publica
; tions, Oakley said.
1 tlon win nave auequaie tuui 1,
so that staff workers won't have
to worry about that," Oakley ad
A representative of Travelers
Life Insurance will speak to
night a 8 o'clock in the as
sembly room of the Library.
He will be sponsored by the
Lazy Literates in connection
with the vocational study pro
gram which the group is pre
senting. Evans Chosen
To Xi Psi Phi
Ed Evans of Burlington was
recently elected president of Beta
Beta chapter of Xi Psi Phi dental
Jraternity for the co?ning year.
Other -officers elected are O.
l). Rowe, vcie-president; Jack
Franklin, secretary; Neal Shef
field Jr., treasurer; Floy Oldham
and Bob Clinard, pledgemasters.
Arnold Shaw, publicity chair
nan and Ed Davis, editor.
New pledges of the fraternity
are Mitchell Wallace, Rocking
ham; Lewis Bratton. Raleigh; Jack
Atwater, Burlington; John Reyn
olds, Charlotte; Jim E. Butler, St.
Ed Hopkins, Winston-Salem;
Bill Riddle, Annapolis: Ken White,
Pittsboro; Milton Noblitt, Shelby;
Sam Ausband ,Vinsto:i-Salem;
Larston Reitzel, Salisbury, and
Bill McLeod, Monroe.
Roy Cordeman, senior from
Winston-Salem, was initiated as