n v. ? -
The General Assembly and the
editors don't agree. Se p. 2 (or
Partly cloudy, with expected
high of 80.
VOL. LVI! NO. 136
Complete (JP) Wire Service
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1955
Offices In Graham Memorial
FOUR PAGES TODAY
ft ' T n ' ' T ? si ? vttf
Sfudent Leaislature Passes
- 4 v
- '4 .
in i iinA . aim
SAYS EXPERT PETERSON:
By KERMIT PHILLIPS
Billards is no longer solely
a man's game, according to a
Men's Honor Council
I ries Twelve Cases
"Thus Tar for the spring semes
ter, the proceedings of the Men's
Honor Council have included a to.
tal number of 12 cases, seme of
which have, involved more than
one person," said a report issued
yesterday by Ogburn Yates, clerk
of the Men's Council.
Five students . were found guilty
and eight were found not guilty in
cases involving infractions of the
Honor Code, according to the re
port. Two of the students found
guilty were suspended, two were
placed on probation and one was
given an unofficial reprimand.
The report listed six cases invol
ving violations of the Campus Code.
Five students were found guilty
in these cases and one not guilty.
The sentences rendered in the five
Scales' Goal Revolution,
Testifies Man Who Spied
GREENSBORO, April 14 (JP)
Junius Scales' goal as a Communist
was to help the party lead the
working class and tfie "Negro na
tion" in a .violent revolution, a man
who spied on him for years testi
Ralph Clontz, who became a trus.
ted comrade of the Carolinas Par
ty chairman, told a. Federal court
jury of his close association .with
Scales as an FBI undercover agent.
He described Scales as a dedicated
revolutionary who scoffed at the
idea of changing the government
except by force and violence?" And
he said Scales predicted the revo
lution would come within this ge
neration, with troops from Russia
to help if needed.
Scales, 35, sat calmly through
the fourth day of his trial as
Clontz told of gaining Scales' con
fidence, all the while reporting
to the FBI.
Clontz' testimony was the sec
ond step in the government's case
against the red-haired bespectacled
University of North Carolina gra
duate. First, the government must
prove the party is committed to
violent revolution. Then it must
show that Scales, an admitted
member, knew what the party wan,
ted and worked toward that goal.
Now a lawyer in Charlotte,
Clontz said he started his under
cover career by telling the Army
that he had information about par.
ty activity in and around Chapel
Hill, home of the University of
North Carolina. The FBI told him
to go ahead with his plan of in
filtration. Clontz said he sent
Scales a postal card in September,
1948, expressing an interest in
Communism. Soon he was a guest
in Scales Carrboro home. Then he
went on to party membership as
Scales' protege, he said.
The revolution is inevitable, and
i i -
BILLIARDS CHAMP PETERSON & STUDENTS
. . . coeds can play, too
Are For Girls Too
man who is known as the "Dean
of Collegiate Billards." -
More and more women, are
cases included one probation and
four unofficial reprimands.
"Two of the particularly diffi
cult Honor Code cases concerned
plagiarism," said Yates' report.
"Because of these two cases, as well
as others in the past, it is earnest
ly hoped by the Men's Honor
Council that students will become
more aware of this term and its
application here at the University.
"Because they are often involv
ed in such cases, freshmgn espe
cially are urged to become famil
iar with the word, to consult their
instructors about its use whenever
necessary and to read the impor
tant section in the English I as
signment pamphlet devoted to it,"
concluded the Council's report.
a depression will bring it about,
Clontz said Scales told him.
He said Scales added that "He
could safely say that my daughter,
who then was 1, would marry in a
Socialist United States of Ameri
ca." Clontz explained that Scales
and other Communists used the
words socialism and communism
"Force is the only answer" to
the problem of revolution, Clontz
quoted Scales as saying. "Ideas
alone can never accomplish any
thing. It would be nice if revolu
tions happened automatically, but
he said that unfortunately they
"Did he say how he was going
to bring that force into play?"
District Atty. Edwin M. Stanley
"My recollection," Clont2 re
plied, "is that he simply said there
would have to be a militant force,
namely the Communist Party, to
unite the two classes of people in
this country that would be used
in the revolution, that is, the Ne--gro
nation and the working class
' The Communist Party, Clontz
continued, is regarded as the na
tural leader of the unions, which
"just see the next hill," while the
party has more foresight. He said
Communists define the Negroes
in the "black belt" as a separate
nation and consider them "oppres
sed by blood-sucking capitalists."
Scales once' remarked, "As soon
as the capitalists drive us under
ground, there will be a revolution,.
Clontz testified. He said Scales
also declared that "once the revo
lution started, if it looked like the
police power would be used
against the working' class, the 'mo
ther country,' (Russia) could not
stand by and let that happen but
would have to land troops."
taking up the game every day,
said Charles Peterson, oM bil
liards artist, during his ' exhibi
tion in the pool room of Gra
ham Memorial yesterday.
"Ten of the 20 billiards
tables at Ohio State University
were occupied by women play
ers at 9 a.m. in the morning,"
said Peterson concerning his
appearance at that university.
He added that many fraterni
ties at northern colleges are
having billiard parties with
There were no women pres
ent at his afternoon exhibition
at GM yesterday. He urged,
however, that those present see
that -some of the coeds come
out to the evening exhibition.
Peterson gave exhibition and
instruction last night. He will
'( repeat his hour of exhibition
and hour of instruction today
at 1 p.m. and again after sup
per. He is appearing under the
auspices of the Association of
Peterson said the future of
billiards today is the best it
has ever been. He mentioned
the large number of billiards
tables at the various Army
camps. He added that Uncle
Sam in the last few years has
I done more to further the game
of billiards than anything else.
The 77-year-old artist said
colleges today are going in
more for the game. He said that
is actually very good for the
game as it has tended to make
it scientific. Peterson explained
the angle system saying,
"There is not as much chance
in the game today as there
used to be. There is more
After his exhibition of trick
shots, Peterson gave free in
structions. Bill Up To
RALEIGH, April 14 (JP) Rep.
Walter Jones of Pitt was joined
by five other House members to
day in introducing bills to pri
vide separate oards of trustees
for the three units of the Consoli
dated University of North Caro
lina. . -
Under the bills the university at
Chapel Hill, the Woman's College
at Greensboro and North Carolina
State College at Raleigh would
each have a separate 41-member
board. The state superintendent of
public instruction would be an ex
officio member. The members of
the three boards would be appoint
ed by the General Assembly in
joint session. The bill would not
become effective until July 1, 1957.
Each of the boards would elect
a chairman who would appoint a
six-member executive committee.
The three executive committees
would, act jointly on all matters
affecting the consolidated university.
" : - ' i
After 35 hours spent in investi
gation activities the student Legis.
lature's committee investigating
The Daily Tar Heel presented its
report to the Legislature last night.
Following are excerpts from the
Concerning circulation, the com
mittee reported it "found that the
original complaint that The Daily
Tar Heel was not being delivered
door to door was valid." The re-
(See REPORT, page 4,) j
"I'm not here to win any pop
ularity contests; I'm here to work
for the IDC," said the newly in
stalled Interdormitory Council
president Wednesday night.
Lewis Brumfield, former presi
dent of Cobb Dormitory, outlined
to members of the council in his
inaugural address a preview of
his proposed program, stressing
two main objectives.
The two high spots of Brum
field's program were:
1) An improved, yet "unf ear
ing" relationship with the ad
2) Increased monetary support
to dormitory social programs.
"I plan to cooperate with the
administration, but I will fight
for the rights of the IDC," Brum
'TAKE ME AS I AM'
Hitting at a possible undercurr
ent of opinion among the council
members that his reputation for
outspokeness might not be good
for the council, Brumfield said,
"There are people here who
think my personality might re
flect on the IDC . . . But if I
tried to change, it would be
false . . . You'll just have to take
me as I am."
One of the prime objectives
Brumfield brought out in his pro
posed program for 1955-56 con-
i cerned the appropriation of the
entire $4,000 the council gets
from dormitory room rents to in
dividual dormitory social funds.
Last year $2,000 went to the in
dividual dormitories and $2,000
went to the IDC for discretion
"We cut the trees and grubbed
j the stumps last year . . . now I
feel its our responsibility to
plow the ground and sow the
seeds . . . and lets hope for a
bumper crop," Brumfield said.
"One thing can be said for the
IDC this year, and that is that
we have changed," said Manning
Muntzing, retiring president.
Muntzing, was given a standing
ovation by the council members
when he concluded his talk.
"We have laid the groundwork
for the future," Muntzing stressed.
Wrapping up his final talk, this
year's SP candidate for president
of the student body outlined the
following three point program of
suggestions to the council:
1) The solving of the "perennial
problems of poor dorm attendance
and noise in the dormitories,"
2) The "taking back of the IDC
to the dorm . . . including per
sonal talks with the dorm man,
3) The assertion of the IDC's
"rights" by quelching any fears
about "bucking anyone or any
group" to get what the dorm man
should rightfully have.
fion Favoring Referendum
Ice J n Student Fees Here
SINGS HERE TONIGHT:
Editor's note: The writer of
the following story " is famed
Metropolitan Opera Tenor Jan
Peerce, who will sing here to
night. Peerce's performance
will be sponsored by the Chapel
Hill Concert Series in Memorial
Hall at 8 p.m. The singer's son,
Larry, was a student at the
University and played the piano
in "Pappa" Danziger's resta
urant. Concert Series spokes
men said yesterday "quite a
few" student tickets, at $1.50,
By JAN PEERCE
Let a Metropolitan Opera
singer appear in a Broadway
musical, make a movie or re
lease a best-selling recording
of a hit tune and immediately
there are expressions of aston
ishment fit to greet the per
formance of a dancing armadil
lo or a talking penguin.
I have never been able to
understand the reasons for all
this fuss. Versatility has al
ways been one. of the standards
by which we judge an artist.
Unless he is unable to render
a popular ballad, there is no
reason why an opera or concert
singer should ignore a good
song just because its birthplace
is Tin Pan Alley and not Vien
na. Benny Goodman, I think,
put it very well recently when
he expressed disinterest for
"longhair music vs. pops."
"There are only two kinds of
music," he said, "good and
The conception of the music
ian as a specialist is a very
recent one. The fabled singers
of the last century Jenny
Lind, Nellie Melba and Adelina
Patti, for example were fam
ous alike for their singing of the
ballads of the day and the
works of the great masters.
Nearer our own time, Crauso,
Chalipin, John McCormick, to
name a few, never hesitated to
perform music of all degrees of
serious intent and to each they
brought the same qualities of
vocal, musical and artistic ex-"
At Least 11
RALEIGH, April 14 UP) At
least 11 trustees of the Consoli
dater University lost their seats
as a joint legislative committee
Wednesday elected 30 members
of the board.
The casualties included such
trustees as L. P. McLendon of
Greensboro and Dr. Clarence Poe
of Raleigh. Others who were not
reelected were Wilbure H. Currie
of Moore, J. F. Millikin of Union,
Vernon G. James of Elizabeth
City, W. D. Merritt of Person, J.
H. Clark of Bladen, P. B. Ferrebee
of Cherokee, George M. Stephens
of Buncombe, John C. Kesler of
Rowan and Iva T. Johnson of
Rep. Ashley M. Murphy of Pen
der led the ticket among the 30
trustees who were elected. He
received 56 votes. He will be a
new member of the board.
Action of the joint committee
is subject to confirmation by the
House and Senate at a joint ses
sion, but traditionally the General
Assembly upholds its trustees'
McLendon and Dr. Poe are
longtime trustees who for years
have played leading " roles in the
Is For Versatility
V- '; I, -
&iir:fm&'4m -ii immniriirn 1 iiil!!!'---m-Tv - r Jnk-i-'-r
cellence which the public as
sociated with their names and
had a right to expect from
There is no doubt that there
are today, as there always have
been, those who take the easy
way and resort to cheap tricks
and spectacular . effects to
achieve a quick popular success.
But most of these musicians
bring the same approach to
their performances of Mozart
and Beethoven as to the lighter
forms of music.
Before I joined the Metro
politan . Opera, I had the op
portunity to sing many different
songs. All types of music came
along in my work operatic
arias, songs of faith and, often,
the latest popular ballads. I
learned that I had to give my
To Win Their
work . of the University. Some
committee members expressed the
belief that McLendon's failure to
achieve reelection was caused by
a bloc which worked against him
because in a recent trustees'
meeting he spoke . out in support
of, action taken by the executive
committee to allow Negro farm
and home agents to participate in
a workshop at State College.
At least 11 of 25 trustees whose
terms expire this year failed of
reelection and four others were
not on the ballot.
Rep. John W. Umstead of
Orange, a veteran trustee, and
Thomas . O. Moore of Forsyth, a
newcomer, . tied for second place
with 54 votes each. Sen. John H.
Kerr Jr., another veteran on the
board, received 53 votes.
Besides Umstead and Kerr,
Trustees who were reelected were
John G. H. Gitner of Catawba,
Mrs. B. C. Parker of Stanly, J.
Spencer Love of Guilford, Ben E.
Fountain of Edgecombe, Mark C.
Lassiter of Greene, H. D. Bate
man of Wilson, Rudolph I. Mintz
of New Hanover, O. Max Gardner
Jr., of Cleveland.
New members elected to the
- can sing blues, too
best to each piece. I couldn't
look down my nose at anything
I sang and really do a good
job, because it was impossible
to communicate any real feeling
to an audience unless one be
lieved in what one was doing.
Sincerity is a virtue almost im
possible to counterfeit.
It doesn't matter what one
sings Mozart, Italian opera,
German lieder, French art
songs, religious music, operetta
or ballads. The important thing
is, while adhering to. the sty
listic requirements of the music,
never to lower one's artistic
standards. Perhaps audiences,
too, will appreciate only good
music and overcome the fear
of "longhair," There's really
a lot of pleasure in Mozart as
well as Irving Berlin.
board, other than Murphy and
Moore, were Macon M. Williams
of Caldwell, D. L. McMichael of
Rockingham, Rep. Sam L. White
hurst of Craven, Sen. Mitchell
Britt of Duplin, Mrs. P. P. Mc
Cain of Robeson, Mrs. Oscar
Barker of Durham, Irwin Belk of
Meckleburg, Mrs. Mebane H. Bur
gwyn of Northhampton, A. Roy
Cox of Randolph, Eugene Cross
of McDowell, Rep. T. J. Collier of
Pamlico, S. N. Clark of Edge
combe, Rep. Thomas Turner of
Guilford, George Watts Hill of
Durham, Oscar Vatz of Cumber
land, Rep. Edwin S. Pou of Wake,
L. H. Swindell of Beaufort and
W. C. Harris Jr., of Raleigh.
All the trustees were elected
for eight-year terms withe the ex
cption of Swindell and Pou, who
received six-year terms, and Mrs.
McCain, " Harris and Vatz, whose
terms are for four years each.
Eight members of the General
Assembly were among the 30
elected. Mrs. Barker is the wife of
Rep. Oscar Barker of Durham.
Fountain was a member of the
assembly until his resignation
from the House several weeks
Yet To Be
By NEIL BASS
The student Legislature in an
extended session last night voted
to put a resolution before the
student body in a referendum that
will open the student Constitution
so that student fees may be raised
The student Constitution now
stipulates that student government
fees can not be in excess of $18.
The Budget Committee has figur-
red a tentative budget with the $5
raise per student per semester in
cluded. Now a constitutional
amendment must be passed if the
student fees are hiked.
If the student body passes the
fee hike, $3 of the raise will go
to Graham Memorial, and $2 to stu
The resolution evoked heated
argument both pro and con. The
affirmative legislators asserted
that student government and the
student union could not continue
to operate at the present level un
less further funds are allocated.
Legislators opposing the refer
endum that will determine if the
student body wants more student
government and student union fac
ilities asserted that serious "rep
ercussions" might come from
"Raleigh" if the raise is approved.
The group of negative voters on
the issue were referring to the
state Legislature which is presently
deciding if University dormitory
J rents and out of state student tu
itions will be raised.
Charles Hyatt, (SP) the principal
argurer against the referendum,
claimed that, "If we raise our own
fees, certainly the state Legislature
will see fit to add in their proposed
hikes also." This seemed to be the
i chief sentiment of all dissenting
One legislator, Manning Munt
zing ?(SP), said that he favored
the raise, but he didn't think this
"the time to refer it to the student
body; as it might fail now."
The item that took up most of
the legislative docket debating
time, the 1955-56 student govern
ment budget, became so bogged
down in controversy and haggling
: that another session had to be call
i ed to wrap up and approve it.
All of the items which came up
j for discussion (the group went over
each budget item seperately) were
j passed without change except two.
Of the two, an appropriation to
I the Debate Council was increased
by $300, and an appropriation to
the newly created office of student
government excutive secretary was
An informal dance which will
feature Frank Wright and his six
man combo from Durham will be
given by Graham Memorial tomor
row night in Lenoir Hall.
will be held
from 9 p.m. un
ments will be
served at 10.
WRIGHT are invited, to
attend the dance, said a spokes
man for Graham Memorial.
Wright and his combo have
played before in Chapel Hill for