Partly cloudy and a littl warm
er today, wjith xpted high of
DTH Science; Writer
He Was Member Until '52;
Used As Surprise Witness
GREENSBORO, N. C, Ap.
ril 18 (") The government
produced a soft-spoken Uni
versity of North Carolina stu
dent today as a surprise wit
ness to provide more recent
evidence against accused Com
munist leader Junius Scales.
. Charles Benson Childs, 24,
of High Point and Winston-Salem
was brought dramatically into the
federal courtroom a few minute.'
after the luncheon recess. Scales
quickly whispered to defense
Counsel David Rein. Then he sat
impassively as Childs told of be
ing in -the party under Scales up
to August, 1952. Childs said he
was an undercover informant foi
Scales is charged with party
membership knowing that the par
ty advocated violent revolution
and working to bring that about
As . the trial entered its second
week the government had called
only two witnesses. One, ex-Com-muist
John Lautner, was intended
to show that the party does ad
vocate force and violence. The
second, Charlotte lawyer Ralph
Clontz, said that as an FBI spy he
worked under Scales through late
1951. Clontz insisted that Scales,
35; was committed firmly to vio
Between them, Clontz iand
, Childs named nearly 20 persons
they identified as Communists in
North Carolina during their work
for the FBI.
Childs, a crew-cut bespectacled
young man in a neat pinstripe suit,
half rose from the witness chair
to point to Scales as the man he
knew as party chairman for the
Carolinas. Then he launched into
a detailed discussion of his party
association and membership.
Childs' early testimony did not
say in so many words that he con-
sidered Scales worked for violent
overthrow of the government. He
did state, however, that Scales
once urged him to remain his job
at the Western Electric plant at
Winston-Salem rather than return
to college. He said Scales told him
that "trade unions are the schools
of the revolution and . the. party
was trying to get students to go
into industry," rather than vice
This was m tne summer 01
1952, Childs said. He added that
Wings, Wheels, Rudders
Theme Of Business F rat
Leading national . executives
representing trucking, airlines,
railroads and other areas of the
transporation industry .will speak
here April 27-28, when the local
chaper of Alpha Kappa Psi, pro
fessional business fraternity, will
sponsor a Southeren Transporta
Chaper president Kenneth Argo
of Kannapolis announced today
that the overall conference theme
will be "Wings, Wheels, Rudders:
A Contribution to the Present and
Future Development of the
South." The fraternity is sponsor
ing the event as its annual ser-vice-to-the-school
Originally " planned as the
group's fourth annual Business
Fair, the Vent will be devoted
. gr 'm; - . '
ii 1 y
Scales predicted an economic cri-
aj uunug 111c ucAi jiauonai au
ministration, with matters "com
ing to a head in five or six years."
He said Scales told him that if
Communists returned to school or
otherwise lost their contacts in
industry "we would have to wait
for the Red Army to liberate us."
Childs said Scales cited the case
of Bernard Friedland, previously
identified as party organizer for
the Carolinas. Scales said Fried
land wanted to study medicine but
vas post . poning it until after
The Revolution," Childs added.
District Atty. Edwin M. Stanley
told the court that it would take
'some while" to finish Childs'
testimony. The questioning will
Under Stanley's guidance
Childs Searched For
WC Girl In Raincoat
Childs was the UNC student who searched for "the girl in
the yellow raincoat" in 1953. -
The mysterious girl from WC, attired in a yellow raincoat
at a Consolidated University Day here, spoke to Childs. He search
1 ed for her, with no success.
- T-The Daily Tar Heel heard about Childs' case." A series of
stories smoked out several Woman's College girls who owned
yellow raincoats. But none was Childs' girl.
The story started when a Woman's College girl, wearing a
yellow raincoat, walked up to Childs during the CU Day and ask
ed "Can you direct me to Graham Memorial?"
Later, Childs searched for the lady, but didn't find her.
He wrote a letter to The Carolinian, WC weekly newspaper,
Several girls responded, but none was the girl in the yellow
Childs never found the girl.
Later, in 1954, Childs joined the staff of The Daily Tar Heel
as a science feature writer. His stories have been mostly con
cerned with problems and potential of the atomic bomb.
Childs related that he became in
terested in Communism while in
high school at High Point. He
said he had several discussions
with an English teacher who was
"in the Gastonia (textile) strike
of 1929." His brother was in the
mills' personnel department, he
said. Childs did not say that the
teacher discussed Communism as
such with him, however.
Later, he continued, he heard
a speech by Mike Ross, a furni
ture union organizer whom he
later learned was affiliated with
the Progressive party. He said
he also learned that Ross had
taken instructions from the Com
munist Party's National Commit
tee. Though Ross he met Bill Rob
ertson, a member of the Com
munist Party, Childs testified. He
said that at Robertson's home in
entirely to modern transporta
tion's contribution to the South's
development, Argo , said.
Some 500 top executives from
Southern industry and from
transportation in particular, have
been invited to attend the con
ference, Argo said.
The top speaker for the two
day meeting will be Edward
Margolin, Washington, D. C staff
specialist for commercial trans
portation, .representing the De
partment of Commerce and the
Undersecretary of Transporta
tion. Other prominent executives
scheduled to appear are three
with headquarters in New York:
Walter W.- Belson, public rela
tions director, American Pipe
Complete VP) Wire Service
Chapel Hill he received several
pieces of Party literature, in
cluding a copy of the constitution.
Before visiting Robertson, Childs
said, he had gone to the FBI
and volunteered to give them in
formation because he had "de
cided these people's views were
dangerous to my government."
Childs' story so far has taken
him through a school for selected
Communists from Virginia and the
Carolinas held at an isolated
farmhouse near Walnut Cove. He
said Scales was director of the
school. The farm was owned by
William and Eleanor Binkley,
Childs said. The school met for
one week in August, 1952, Childs'
Oother .highlights of Childs'
Childs,, Robertson, Hans Fried -stadt,
a graduate student at the
University of North Carolina, and
Emmanuel Coutlakis, a UNC stu
dent, attended a meeting of the
Labor Youth League early in 1950
at the room of a student at North
Carolina A & T College here.
Childs said Friedstadt and Scales
had termed the league the youth
wnig of the Communist Party.
Childs said Scales also attended,
with him, a meeting of the league
in the summer of 1950 at Winston-Salem
Henry Farash, "know to me as
district organizer" for the party,
invited him to join the party
Oct. 12, 1950, Childs said. Two
weeks later, Childs said, he and
Virginia White of High Point paid
their 50-cent initiation fees and
were admitted. Childs said a new
(See CHILDS, page 4)
lines Association, and L. J. Kiern
an, Public Relations Department,
Association of American Railroads.
Argo said speakers represent
ing other areas of transportation
will be announced soon, along
with the selection of elaborate
transportation procedues and ex
pansions. In their invitations to south
ern business leaders to attend
the conference, Alpha Kappa Psi
leaders stressed the South's po
sition as number one economic
opportunity in the nation.
'Transportation is vital in every
phase of our economic life to
day," the invitation said. "Every
thing we produce or consume is
moved in one way .or another
whether it be by rail, air, high
way, pipeline or water."
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 1955
Order f Gold.
. .. . -
Honorary Group On C
Men. Initiates 15 Into
AT AGE 76:
PRINCETON, N. J., April 18
it?) Dr. Albert Einstein, the
gentle, wispy haired physicist
whose studies lifted him to the
summit of the scientific world,
died early today at the age of
The world-renowned author of
the theory of relativity and lead
er in the fields of nuclear fission !
and electronics died at 1:15 a.m.
(EST) in Princeton Hospital.
The death of one of history's
greatest scientists was due to a
rupture of the aorta, the main
artery of the body, and hardening
of the arteries.
Einstein, who had been in poor
health for the past year, became
ill Wednesday, but opposed sur
gery as his " condition worsened.
He was hospitalized Friday.
Muttering in German, Einstein
"Quietly gave two deep breaths
and expired," his physician said.
Two nurses were at his bedside.
Thought He Was Backward
PRINCETON, N. J., April 18
(U.P.) Einstein's family de
scribed his as almost backward
and his teachers complained of
his slowness in learning. He
learned to talk so late that his
parents were visibly upset.
He was born in a town called
Ulm on March 14, 1879. The fol
lowing year, his parents moved
to Munich, where his father set
up a small factory for electrical
He lived a sheltered life and re
vealed no special aptitude dur
Sen. Leverett Saltonestall (R
Mass) will speak in Hill Hall to
morrow night at 8 o'clock, spon
sored by the Carolina Forum.
.. . . tomorrow night
Dr. James King, associate pro
fessor of history and social science
here will introduce the Senator.
Joel Fleishman, chairman of the
Carolina Forum, which "brings to
the campus speakers represent
ee STATESMAN, page 4)
' I I
V Vv i
ft1 r "zr
Word of his passing brought a 1
deluge of messages of shock and
sorrow : from throughout ' the
The messages poured in to the
gray, clapbord house which the
little, unpretentious mathematical
genius loved to think of as his
haven from the outside world.
The family declined to reveal
funeral arrangements, keeping
both the time and place secret,
much as it had endeavored to
shroud the professor's move
ments in life.
One of Einstein's last contribu
tions to science came in 1951 when
he published the Unified Field
Theory, a monumental mathemat
ical treatise that stirred thinkers
as lew works before it have done.
It was described as daring and
provocative because it sought to
describe under one cover all the
forces of the universe in a set
ing his school studies. But at the
age of five the usually absent
minded child showed an unusual
interest in the working of a com
pass his father gave him as a
When he was 12, he gave his
parents another clue at to his
future vocation when he was
given a -book on geometry. The
book utterly fascinated him.
Afterward, he made rapid strides
in his mathematics courses but
remained backward in most other
(See EINSTEIN, page 4)
The Panhellenic Council bene
fit basketball game will be played
tomorrow night at -8 o'clock in
Woolllen Gymnasium, announced
Miss Babbie Dilorio, publicity
The Blue-White intersquad
game will climax spring basket
ball practice for the UNC var
sity. Proceeds form the game will be
used to adopt a war orphan under
the Forster Parents Plan, said
Miss Dilorio. Part of the money
will be used for the proposed
Chapel Hill recreation center, she
Tickets for the game will be
on sale in Milton's and in the
Y tomorrow. They may also be
obtained from sorority girls.' The
price of the tickets will be 50
During the half-time of the
varsity game, boys from the sixth
grade of the Chapel Hill gram
mar school will play an exhibi
Six members of last season's
freshmen team will play in the
game. Five of them will be on
the Blue squad, which will - be
coached by last ! season's co
captain, Paul Likins.
(See PANHEL, page 4)
Offices In Graham
v ' ' -or jt
f - ,
: JfVx J ii!
DR. ALBERT EINSTEIN
. . . one of the greatest
Einstein, who abhorred violence
and lived in a peace of seclusion,
gave science the rhetorical
knowledge from which the atom
bomb was developed.
The knowledge traced from his
theory of relativity and held that
matter, regardless of size, is en
ergy. The world received jolting
Einstein's political view in
later ' years sent him far afield
of theoretical physics.
He advised witnesses called be
fore Congressional investigative
committes that they need not an
swer the questions of probers,
proof of this in the atomic blasts
over Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Curtiss Daughtry, Smithfield,
has been appointed new editor-in-chief
of the YMCA Freshman
A meeting of all those inter
ested in working on the hand
book and all persons who have
already applied for positions on it
will be held tonight at 8 o'clock in
the Y building.
Those who are interested in
such work or who have already
applied and who have a conflict
tonight should go to the YMCA
Publications Office today between
2 and 5 p.m., said the representa
tive. No positions except that of
editor have been definitely as
signed yet, said the Y spokes
DTH Editors Warn Budget Cut
Will Result In 5-Day Schedule
"Unless students can persuade
the Legislature to change its
mind, next year's Daily Tar Heel
will be a five-day newspaper,"
Editors Louis Kraar and Ed Yoder
pointed out yesterday.
Student legislators, because of
a slash in the campus newspaper's
budget, dictated a five-day paper,
according t0 the editors. Biggest
cut in the paper's budget was in
printing. Student legislators
grantedonly enough funds in
this area for five days of publi
cation, said Kraar and Yoder.
The University Glee Clubs, di-
rected by Assistant Prof. Joel
Tarter of the Music Department,
will present a program in Hill
irlall tonight at 8 o'clock.
The Women's Glee Club, ac-
companied by Misses Nancy
Sversman and Marjorie Still, will
iing two groups of choral works
or women's voices.
Miss Lynn Zimmerman, Mar
shall, will be featured as soprano
soloist in "Oh, What A Beautiful
Morning" from Oklahoma. In add
ition to selections ' from light
operas, the women will sing mu
sic by Byrd, Bach, Mozart and
William Brady and Eugene
Hudson will accompany the Men's
Glee Club in groups of Negro
spirituals, selections from oper
ettas and choral arrangements of
James Chamblee, baritone from
Burlington, and James Pruett,
J tenor from Mount Airy will be
soloists with the group in ar
rangements of folk ballads.
Other soloists will be Joseph
McGugan, baritone from t ayette-
ville; David Small, bass from
Morehead City, and Miss Jan
Saxon, soprano from Charlotte,
who will be heard in excerpts
from Naughty Marietta and Showboat.
Tennis Ball Friday
Walking shorts, soft music and
Japanese lanterns will provide
the atmosphere for Carolina's
second annual Tennis Ball Fri
day night at 8 p.m.
The under-the-stars dance is
being co-sponsored by the Wo
men's Residence Council and the
Friday afternoon there will be
a car parade, with prizes being
given for the most original and
In a special session last Friday
night, the student Legislature cut
The Daily Tar Heel's appropri
ation from $26,373. 60 to $21,426.
00. While the major item cut
was printing, staff salaries were
also cut. The editors' salaries were
cut to $300 or $5 per editor a
week, which is one-fourth much
as previous editors recieved. The
editors' salaries total $10, .which
is one half of last years editor's
"If students want a full, six
day newspaper next fall, we urge
Th editors glv a pat and a
boot. S p. 2.
FOUR PACES TODAY
H iT mk
Fifteen students were last
night tapped into the highest
honoraiy organization on
campus, the Order of the Gol
The i r, new members of
the Fleece, second oldest honor
ary organization in the nation, are:
Osborne Asycue, Monroe, (I)ick
j Eaker, Greensboro, Joel Fleish-
man, Fayetteville, Gordon Fores-
ter, Wilkesboro, Martin Jordan,
Concord, William McLendon,
Greensboro, Manning Muntzing,
Moorefield, W. Va.
Edward Potter, Wilmington, Ken
Pruitt, Winston-Salem, Raymond
M. Taylor, Washington, KoUie Till-
man, Lake Wales, Fla., Carl Ven
ters, Jacksonville, Beverly Webb,
Greensboro, Charles Yarborough,
Louisburg and Ed Yoder, Mebane.
The audience was hushed as two
"mythical giants" strolled through
the aisles and pulled the chosen
15 from their seats.
After an introductory reading
of the ancient myth of Jason and
his quest for the Golden Fleece,
two searchlights streamed through
the hall and Ed Potter became the
first to be tapped.
At approximately 8:30, Joel
Fleishman became the last Fleece
tapee for the scholastic year,
Fleece officers for the coming
Jason, Horace Stacy, Ilyparches,
) Walter D. Gurley. Grammateus,
j Lemuel Jordan, Chrystopher, Paul
As of press time last night, win
ner of the Valkyrie sing, held
after the Fleece tapping, was not
announced. Full particulars of the
Valkyrie contest will be announced
in tomorrow's paper.
The car parade, which will be
at 4 p.m., will originate at Navy
Field. First prize will be $15
and second prize will be $10.
Roy Cole and his orchestra will
provide the music for the dance.
Ted Kemp, co-chairman of the
Tennis Ball, said, "Tables situated
in cabaret style, orchestra in the
center, Japanese lanterns and free
refreshments, all in the open
spaces of the asphalt courts
we plan for the whole campus."
them to talk to their legislators,"
Yoder and Kraar said. "The
Legislature consists of your rep
resentatives. Only if you let them
hear your wishes, will they be
able to represent you."
The editors added, "Although
student government sponsors
many activities, we feel that the
paper is the only service that
every student receives. For this
reason, we think the Legislature
should reconsider its budget and
grant more funds to The Daily
U LJ If