North Carolina Newspapers

    FRIDAY, APRIL 29, 1915
THf DAILY TAR HOL
PACE TWO
The Car They Save
May Be Your Own
The civil war is over, for awhile at least. Stu
dent government and the University administra
tion, leaving their clash over the treatment of
panty-raiders, have put their heads together in an
effort that may well prevent the Trustees from
banning student autos.
Much in the manner 'of their early warnings
about Saturday classes, the Board of Trustees have
been complaining about student cars, saying some
thing must be done to regulate them. Each year,
as in the case" of Saturday classes, the Trustees
have worded their student car objections a bit
stronger. -
Finally, the Trustee Visiting Committee, in its
latest report, said firmly that regulation of cars
must be improved; it went on to suggest that the
University adminisraion "consider seriously the
question of possession of automobiles by under
graduates, particularly those living on or near the
campus."
Now, to .prevent an even stronger Trustee
action, the administration has made auto regis
tration compulsory. At the same time, the stu
dent's privilege to keep a car on campus has been
given solid backing by the administration.
Student President Don Fowler, to help en
sure the privilege of keeping cars is not revoked,
has apointed a Traffic Committee to work with the
administration.
Anarently, President Fowler agrees with Dean
Frod Weaver when- the dean says that restricting
student cars "is not seen as fitting into the pat
tern of the traditional relationship between this
University and its students."
The Daily Tar Heel commends President Fow
ler for his foresight in this matter. It is heartening
to see him working to maintain- "the traditional
relationship between . this University and its stu
dents," a pattern ot cooperation when students
agree and objection when they do not agree with
the administration.
V f'
This Traffic Committee can show the Trustees
and the administration that students can accept
the responsibility inherent in the right to drive
cars in Chapel Hill.""
The Best Laid Plans
Of Animals And Men
Karl Marx would walk from the movie "Animal
Farm" with tears in his eyes. Behind the antics
of Snowball, the ropcine dictator, and Napoleon,
the noble horse and all the rest of the creatures
Mr. Orwell designed a pile-drivine exDression
of pessimism. "Animal Farm" is the last testi
mony of a man's bitterness when the hopeful de
generates. Mr. Orwell, early so sympathetic with the 'aims'
of the Soviet Revolution, later so profoundly dis
illusioned, steered between the attitudes we hold
orthodox. Gorky warned from the first gunshot
that the movement had intolerable aspects. But
few, and Orwell was not among them at first,
could see, the immediate worth of Gorky's warn
ings. Mr. Orwell lived to see his best hopes of Marx
ism put to ashes. He 'wrote two novels centered
about these burnt up hopes 1984 and Animal
Farm and the last dark sentence of Animal Farm
pinpoints them best. The pigs got the upper hand
and the other creatures
looked from pig to man, and from man to
pig, and from pig to man again; but al
ready it was impossible to say which was
which.
Drew Pearson reports that Senator Bricker
has other motives for his amendment to limit
Presidential treaty-making power than "fear of
excessive executive power." The migratory game
bird treaty between the United States and Cana
di entails certain restrictions on his duck-hunt-ing.
The blurred distinction between pig and man
can be seen elsewhere than in the pages of Ani
mal, Farm The noblest experiments, as Mr. Or
well would have us see, can fall to the greed of
the human animal. - ,
Carolina Front
DOWN ON ANIMAL f ARM:
The Ugly Head
Of Crime-2B:
In Retrospect
After The Pigs Who Comes Ne
xf?
J. A. C. Dunn
i
f V
? -i
LAST TUESDAY'S TRIAL of
the nine boys apprehended by
ing the panty
raid revealed to
us three rath
er important
things which
,ve think it
:olumn.
A'orth while to
etail in this
To begin with
we were struck by the calmness
and assurance of all the students
who took the stand. Without ex
ception they were fairly young
men, correspondingly inexperienc
ed, all presumably strangers to
direct participation in a legal tri
al; nd yet none of them "clutched"
when he testified, none of them
either lost control or froze. Each
student, whether he was a wit
ness or a defendant, told his story,
answered questions, explained de
tails quite calmly and clearly. We
admire them' for this.
TO BE SURE, the atmosphere
of informality in the court was
fortunately in their favor. People
wandered in and out, there was
a gentle hum of behind-the-hand
conversation through the room,
the overhead fans turned ' slowly
and lackadaisically; the police
men, when they testified, were
not harsh or vindictive, and in
deed, in the cases of the boys
who defended themselves, we got
the distinct impression that the
officers who testified were mak
ing a definite effort to help the
defendant when he questioned
them; and above all, the court
room was filled almost completely
with UNC students who stood be
hind the nine boys in their pre
dicament, who actually hissed one
of the judge's decisions, and who
laughed appreciatively at frequent
intervals never at but always with
the student witness.
But all the same, a court of law
is a fairly serious place, and. the
conduct of the students who show
ed up to either defend themselves
or testify seems to point up to us
the fact that people are usually
at their best in an emergency.
Ebba Freund
Louis de Rochement's movie .
"Animal Farm," based on the
book by 1984 author George Or
well, is one' of the most frighten
ing movies made in recent years.
More bitter than 1984, "Animal
Farm" is a cruel satire on totali
tarianism born out of revolution.
The petrified helplessness of the
"peasant" animals in face of the
inevitable rise of the rule of the
power-mad pigs is perhaps the
most significant point the movie
makes.
In this animal fable, Orwell
and de Rochement are satirizing
man's inhumanity to man. The
bitterness of the satire is com
parable to Swift's "A Modest Pro
, posal" in which he proposed that
tthe poverty and population pro
blems of the Irish be settled by
cannibalism.
The plot of "Animal Farm" is
terrifying in its simplicity. The
animals, stage a revolution 1 to
over-thow their human master,
who has continually maltreated
them. After he has been ousted,
the animals are equal. "The pigs,
who spearheaded the revolution,
also set up the machinery for
peace. Snowball, the leader, en
visions an educated farm with
fewer workdays brought about
a 1
by power from a windmill. But or his hair singed off, but m me
Napoleon, a big gray glutton of very next panel he returns, com-
lthv. In
a pig, ousis aiiuwuan wuu wiiii vicicy wnuic
the aid of a gestapo of ferocious
hounds, takes over Animal Fram.
The windmill is built, but all the
benefits of the electic power go
to the. pigs .who have moved into
Jones' house. Animal Farm now
becomes a society where "All
animals are equal, but some ani
mals are more equal than - other
animals." Finally, as they had
done be?ore, the animals rise up
against tyranny and cast out the
pigs. Although the end- is Tri
umphant and Glorious, one can-
i
W Trnini i -ill Ait r ir i i i in riim.ii ,! ....
A-
Wtt Bailp Car )eel
The official student publication of the Publi
cations Board of the University of North Carolina,
where it is published
daily except Monday
X and examination and
zk a- .
vacation periods and
summer terms. Enter-
' ru TtJSin H ed as second class
; ; c?Pt( l S mat!er at the st of-
wtCiV. 1 A fice' in ChaDel Hill m
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March 8, 1879. Sub
scription rates: mail
ed. S4 per year, $2.50
a semester; delivered,
$6 a year, $3.50 a se-
THE SECOND OUTSTANDING
characteristic of the trials was that
whereas the nine defendants were
termed as being "So and so versus
the State of North Carolina," cur--iously
enough not one of them ap
peared to have any attitude of
either bitterness toward the court
or of contrition for what he had
done. Every boy gave us the im
pression that he felt (a) he had
done nothing particularly wrong
in joining a panty raid, and par
adoxically (b) despite this fact he
felt no anger at the law for put
ting him through all the trouble
and anxiety of a trial. They seem
ed to assume that a panty raid
was something that one joined as
a matter of course, as ,a simple
evening's entertainment, and the
fact that the police (or the admin
istration) questioned the propri
ety of this entertainment consti
tuted a conundrum of youth to be
carefully made clear to a rather
staid older generation. And at the
same time, those nine boys seemed
to realize that the law was not
trying-them out of spite.
i
0
yl"V; V.'vr -:T-'f-' A
utrtth frt
44fl i "door ,
in'j.Wuot' "
mester.
Editors ....
Managing Editor
ED YODER, LOUIS KRAAR
FRED POWLEDGE
Business Manager
TOM SHORES
Sports Editor
: BUZZ MERRITT
Associate Editor
News Editor
J. A. C. DUNN
Jackie Goodman
Advertising Manager 11
Circulation Manager
Subscription Manager
Assistant Business Manager
Dick Sir kin
Jim Kiley
Jack Godley
Bill Bob Peel
Night editor for this issue
-Eddie Crutchfield
AND THAT POINT of a court
of law's being a serious place
brings up our third observation:
insofar as the conduct of the spec
tators was concerned, their ap
preciation of the situation seemed
to grow with each succeeding case.
The first two defendants were
treated more as a game than any- ,
thing else; but beginning with the
third panty raider the spectators
who jammed the courtroom until
there was not even standing room
in the rear began to realize that
those trials were no game; that
the students who requested jury
trial would go on record as having
been judged in a criminal court,
and that those who stood trial
then and there in Recorder's Court
were being fined $50 and costs;
undergraduates were watching
other undergraduates be touched
(quite hard) by the long arm of
the law.
We think it sobered them some,
what. We could be wrong, but
we think so.
They icon the day . . . ;
not help but wonder: After the
pigs, who. next?
Part of the effectiveness of the
movie comes from the use of the
cartoon media. A "willing sus
pension of disbelief" is easier
to come by in a cartoon because,
fantasy is so removed from re
ality that it does not try our
prejudices and attitudes.'
We v have become accustomed
to cartoons in which nobody ever
really gets hurt. The villainous
cat may get his head bashed in
these cartoons there is an easy
feeling of fellowship between the
villain and the hero, between the
chased and the chaser. Because
of this, in spite of their cruelty,
these Hollywood cartoons never
frighten an audience.
Animal Farm, in spite of its
fantastic nature is frightening;
characters are killed and they
stay killed. The cruelties inflict
ed by the pigs causes real suf
fering. The chase scene, which in
most cartoons is a source for
much low comedy, is horrible
because it is a serious chase in
which the dogs persue their vic
tim in order to kill him. This
absence of comedy in a media
form which we have come to ex
pect slapstick makes the satire
doubly horrifying.
Perhaps the only - complaint
about Animal Farm is that some
times it makes its point so ob
vious that the movie becomes
propoganda. This is especially
true of the ending, which seems
to have been tacked on by some
mccarthyism-minded committee
in order to show that the right way
(the American way) always tri
umphs. The point that Animal
Farm makes is that most of the
time the pigs are in power.
'What Do You Hear?'
6y)
Time For
A Start
(St. Louis Poet -Dispatch)
Most of the Southern states'
arguments in the Supreme Court
school segregation case appear to
be aimed not at carrying out the
Court's opinuSn in an orderly
way but at postponing as long as
possible the day when the south
ern states face up to the opin
ion. We do not believe that these
arguments represent the true
feelings of a majority of respon
sible Southerners. In our opin
ion they represent the vague
foreboding of politicians who are
afraid to take any other attitude
on the subject than the conven
tional one they have taken in,
the past.
The people of the southern
states are loyal Amricans and
we are confident that the great
majority of them" want to be
have like Loyal Americans. They
will carry out the terms of the
school segregation decision if
their politicians give them a
chance and if the problem is
not complicated by extremist be
havior on either side.
, It is essential, however that
the Supreme Court Fix a definite
date for the beginning and com
pletion of action to end segre
gation. There should be no doubt
in anybody's mind as to what the
Court's mandate is whatever
ted in carrying out that man
time and flexibility are permit
date. Other litigants before the Court
do not claim the right to de
cide for themselves whether to
obey the Court's decisions. There
is on reason why school districts
which have , been practicing seg
regation should enjoy such a pri
vilege. As loyal citizens of a con
stitutional government, the peo
ple of these districts have an un
questioned responsibility to obey
the Court. The only question is
how they are to do so.
One simple and fair rule would
be to decree that, beginning with
the next schbol term, all , new
students' entering elementary or
high school must be unsegre
gated. Local districts would have
the option, of course, of apply
ing the rule to other students
if they wished; but at least all
first-graders and all high school
freshmen entering school this
year and hereafter would do so,
without racial discrimination.
This would certainly be grad
ual. Roughly it would mean that
elementary schools would end
segregation over a period of six
t0 eight years, and high schools
over two to four years. Missouri
has shown that a much faster
pace is possible. We suspect that
many southern dist icts, once
they got into it, would volun
tarily speed up their progress.
The essential thing is to make a
start. ,
QUOTE, UNQUOTE
Poverty is the parent of revol
ution and crime. Aristotle, Pol
itics, Book II '
The familiar story, that, on see.
ing the evil-doers taken to the
place of execution, he. was wont
to exclaim: "But for the Grace
of God there goes John Brad
ford," is a universal tradition
which has-overcome the lapse of
time. Parker ' Society edition,
The Writings of 3ohn Bradford
You may charge me with mur
deror want of sensf (We are
all of us weak at tinfies):
But the slightest approach to
George Leads
Administration
To Sanity
Doris Fleeson
This country has taken a long
step forward in the search for
ways to ease the tensions in For
mosa. The new position was
first stated by Senator George of
Georgia. It became official pol
icy when accepted and amplified
by Secretary of State Dulles at
a dramatic press conference.
President Eisenhower was, of
course, the catalyst He has the
power to decide and he has done,
so. -
Briefly stated, the American
position now is that we are will
ing to talk to the Chinese Reds
about peace and even to agree
to a cease-fire without the Chin
"ese Nationalists' presence or per
mission. We shall not ask either
side to give up its stated goals
but we are asking that they re
nounce the use of force to ach
ieve them. '
INCOMMUNICADO AT DUCK
ISLAND .
Mr. Dulles in effect repudi
ated cautious positions taken in
his name last week end by the
State Department. He explained
he was incommunicado at his
Duck Island retreat so was not
consulted on that statement.
The President was at his Get
tysbu g Farm. He will doubtless
be asked at his press conference
what part he played both then
and now. -
In their absence, Senator Geo
rge, to all intents and purposes,
played the role of Secretary of
State. The Chairman of the Sen
ate Foreign Relations Committee
explored the possibilities of Red
China's seeming change of front
and called on his own country to
think and act anew in the cause
of peace. ,
BROKE THE CAST
George's achievement was that
he broke the cast into which U.
S. policy had been hardening.
He was able to do it because his
own party which controls Con
gress will follow him, and the
President's party, even its right
wing, does not really wish to con
test him and knows he is very
nearly invulnerable to criticism.
It is the second time he has
bronken ground for a new and
more flexible foreign opilcy. It
was George who called for the
Four Power talks desired by our
European allies. Standing on the
solid ground of Senator George's
prestige, the President has is
sued . that Call.
From the standpoint of do
mestic politics," thg new Admin
istration move is of intense in
terest. Up to now, at high cost,
the White House has avoided
a break with the right led by
Senators Knowland and Bridges.
Reporters raced from the Dul
les interview to the Capitol ' to
catch the explosions. For a while
none came. Senators are quick
to seize upon political oppor
tunities of all kinds; they are
. ? J- v I
t
a false pretense wa-' never among
my crimes Lewjs Carroll, The
Hunting of the jSnark, Fit. the
Fourth ) .- .
Senator George
normally more deliberate when
the real issues come along. All
sense this one's importance and
they were taking their time.
'YOU CAN'T DO THAT'
i Senator Bridges finally said in
effect: you can't dQ that. Sen
ator Knowland had indicated
his apprehensions .in a New York
speech Monday when he sarcas
tically called, for a partition of
the China mainland between the
Nationalists and the Commun
ists. Chiang's supporters will be
heard from. It will be - an en
ormous strain on the GOP, fam
ily tie. But Senator George and
his colleagues believe he ex
presses the real will of the
American people and the Presi
dent seems to share their con
fidence. It is certainly the issue on
which the next Presidential elet
tion will be fought, regardless
of who the nominees are. -
Y-Court Comer
Rueben Leonard
ON TUESDAY afternoon of this week, the Chapel
Hill Recorder's Court drove the shaft ofj justice
into four University students. Never, in the history
of that court, has such a flagrant display of injus
tice been seen. ?
Nine men were to have been tried; one was
freed because of lack of evidence, four were con
victd on this same lack of evidence, and four more,
seeing the handwriting on the wall, asked for a
jury trial. -
Now when I say there was a lack of evidence I
do not mean that the boys involved were not in
the panty party; my point is that most of the laws
in Chapel Hill 'are so archaic that they have no
place in modern times. For example: there is a city
ordinance that prohobits dramatic presentations in
Chapel Hill.
THERE HAS been much discussion, pro and
con, concerning the Administration's position in the
trial of the students arrested during the harmless
raid. A Chapel Hill lawyer seemed to be convinced
that the Administration did have something to. do
with the trial and convictions.
"The University does not like panty raids. The
Administration does not like panty raids. Chancel
lor House does" not like panty raids. Judge William
S. Stewart convicted the panty rafders. The judge
is Chancellor House's son-in-law." said the lawyer.
WHEN BILL Latham had finished his testimony
Tuesday afternoon, it seemed evident that he would
be acquitted. His testimony had beena very good
one, not the kind that sways juries, but, neverthe
less, one that included politeness and respect for
both the prosecuting attorney and the judge. He
seemed to give his account of what went on before
he was arrested in a straight-from-the-shouldc rjand
honest manner.
After Bill had called his one witness to the
stand and the judge had heard the testimony by
the witness, the spectators settled back in their
seats and waited for the verdict of not guilty.
Judge Stewart "meditated a few moments, lookfd
rather hesitatingly off into space and said, "Guilfy."
Hisses and boos filled the courtroom as we made
our exit.
DON'T TURN your back department. A reporter
who chatted with one of Junius Scales' comrades
at the Greensboro trial ended his conversation with
"Glad to have met you." "You won't be," retorted
the primary-colored comrade.
That's the way it goes. Little did the reporter
realize that he will be one of the first ones to be
sickled when the Commies take over.
NELL BATTLE-AX Lewis's column in the Ra
leigh News and Observer is hysterical. She criticises
Chapel Hill and the University at rather frequent
intervals. Latest barb thrown by Nellie at our se
rene community concerned the Russian flag found
flying atop our flagpole. "But I can't understand
why they took the Soviet flag down. Doesnt it
belong there 'neath the (Red) oaks of our old
Chapel Hill?" said Nell.
You had better be glad it doesn't belong thBe,
Nellie old girl; if it did we might be inclined tQ XiO
a witch to bum at the foot of the pole.
SINCE WITCH-IIUNTING seems to dominate
the column today, we might as well burn one more.
"The political je ne sais quoi" who's letter ap
peared in Tuesday's paper criticizing me for un
covering political dirt is really "that old proverbial
kettle." Now, I didn't pay any attention to most2 of
the letter, but one little paragraph got underlay
skin. ? ':
The writer of the letter questioned my righfto
call anyone "lewd-mouthed" considering that 1 am
a former editor of Tarnation. I question the writer's
right to question my rights when I think of the time
that I printed the dirtiest story of the year in the
Tarnation a story that- "political je ne sais quoi"
had written. Ah, such is life.
NORWOOD BRYAN, ex-legislalive finance chair
man, stormed up to me after Saturday's column had
criticized the manner in which the budget had been
handled.
"You haven't got your facts straight," he said,
"The Daily Tar. Heel did not take a cut of $5 000
just $3,000." "And furthermore," he said, "the
$3,000 was cut from what they asked for, not from
their last year's budget."
According to Norwood, the DTK's actual budget
was only chopped $GG9.
IN THE Spring a young "man's fancy turns , to
zoology.
Yesterday morning's Zoology I class was sched
uled to witness two movies. The first flick was to
deal with endocrine and second one with reproduc
tion. As the students watched endocrine dance mer
rily on the screen little did they realize what vvas
fimSv lhem- Whe" the endocrine film was
finally over, the instructor switched on the lights
f,Zunhda T lm' r et the projector- -iJhcdih;
hghts back off and started the projector. Much'to
the amazement of the students and instructor ti e
ITeTAXZ5 Tn Utled ,,RPuction bui in
stead Methods of Contraception."
Everybody Welcome
Raleigh News And Observer
Hill, read as follows- Car,,na' 8t Ch3P1
ParfmintT r '' gradUate Student the De
5m wiU l t h.!cCS' Univey of North Caro-
rSrUnbtlT me PrblefflS in MinSmun, Va
riance Unbiased Estimation" at the Statistics Col
loquium on Monday, May 2 lm Tn i i v. .
tain basi o ' 5- To eliicidate cer-
tfon he will JLCnneCted WUh UIbiaed ti"
f unctfons of tt n a Special se of estimating
nonln a,d the Pois
variance used in f USS the PriiPle of in-
Hotelhn. pLl T COnntions by Fisher,
relat ton'wiS inhn nd its
n. TheTeeUng'T SS
4:00 Monday." m 206 Ph"Ps Hall at
dence that tho c- nd hent is new evi-
selves. mmjnical'ns them to anyUdy but them-
    

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