CHAPEL KILL. II. H.
Considerable cloudiness end no!1
quite so cold.. Expected high today
W I S H
For UNC's new year. .See edi
torial page 2. .
(A ;B '
VOL. LVII NO. 74
UNC Coed Still On Critical
List After Holiday Accident
A Carolina coed was still in critical condition yesterday
as a result ot injuries sustained in a pie-Christmas automobile
accident. ' ..
Miss Stella Anderson, junior from West Jefferson, who f , .
lost her rilit lec- in a highway mishap, was reported "slightly " " n
improved' yet still in critical condition. - V
Attending physicians at Wilkes Cieneral Hospital said she '
naa reyaineu consciousness.
Miss Anderson, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Ed. M. Anderson, was
injured about 9 p.m. Dec. 23 in
an accident on Highway 268, six
miles east of North Wilkesboro.
The car in which she and Mrs.
P. G. Wright of West Jefferson
were traveling had 9 flat tire and
a group of boys had stopped to !
help them fix it. The car was j
parked, full lighted, about half-1
way off the pavement, , on the
shoulder cf the road. The boys' :
car was also lighted. i
State II:ghway Patrolman R. G. I
Potts said Miss Anderson had gone '
A University student burned a
six-foot cross in the yard of a Hills-
boro home where Frank Graham
was staying during the Christmas
According to the Hillsboro Police
Department. William Polk Cheshire
lit a cross in the yard of Mrs., Che-1
hire Webb, Graham's sister-in-law i
The incident occured at 2:45 a.m.,
uec. a. , j
Mrs. 'Webb stated that Mr. Gra-
ham had no knowledge of the cross. '.
hurning until the next "morning
when he came- downstairs -for: late
breakfast. She, however, had been
aw akened at the time ot the in-
eldent by an anonymous telephone
call, to which ber answer brought
no reply. (
. . . .
An anonymous call also brought
.u ti n w v
the Hillsboro Fire Dept. to the scene
. . ... . ,
to extinguish the blaze. I
T . . . 4
Mr. Graham made no statement
. . . . . . . . .
whatsoever concerning the incident,
according to Mrs. Cheshire. j
Police Department sources stated
at Cheshire was arrested and re-
leased cn" $100 bond. He will be
iried under a law passed in the
1953 session of General Assembly
making it a misdemeanor to com-
mit any act pertaining to the Ku
Cheshire's trail will be held Mon
, . i
cay in iiecoraer s touri, nesnire
. t . t t
stated to newspaper sources that
the cross had been burned as a
prank to let Mr. Graham know how
he felt about him.
President Bob Young yesterday
issued a welcome to students re
turned from the holidays and a
challenge to put forth conscienti
ous effort in the new year 1957.
Young's statement read:
"I would like to welcome every
one back for the year 1957. Twp
weeks of rest (or work and sleep -
less nights as the case may be
for some of us) should prepare
us for the next few weeks ahead-
"The year 1956 brought many
diverse situations campus crises,
state and regional problems, na
tional election-year worries and
international tensions. There were
disappointments for each of is,
I am sure. However, there were
also blessings for each of us.
"Final exams are now upon us.
Our responsibilities have finally t fold: 1. the recent establishment
cornered us at this 'eleventh j of the DeWitts' space-time-gravi-hour.'
May I challenge each stu- tation project, 2. the "existence of
dent to make a New Year's reso
lution to take advantage of the
many opportunities in the few re
maining days before exams, and
to adequately prepare himself for
the tests of this period.
"My best wishes to everyone fpr
a most successful and happy New
Complete (P) Wire
to the trunk of her car to unlock
it when an automobile driven by
Lee Riddle. 23, of North Wilkes
boro ran into the (rear of her au
tomobile, crushing her between
the two vehicles.
Her leg was almost severed and
had to be removed at the hospital.
Miss Anderson also sustained a
oroKen leu leg ana iraciures oi
the pelvis and skull.
Mrs. Wright, who was standing
beside the care at the time, su
stained head lacerations but was
Riddle is being held in jail
under S1.000 bend pending the
outcome of Miss Anderson's condition.
To Be Attended Here
By 40 Physicists
An international conference on general relativity and
"Thr Rolf of Cr.i ifntion in Phvsirs" nt trnrird hv ;ripnf ist;
0f nations. will be held here fan. 18-23, it was announced
recently bv Pres. William C. Friday and Chancellor Robert
" ,t js 'the' first world conference on gravitational theory
fo be he(I;n t,e United States; Previous conferences have
been held at Bern, Switzerland and
Around 40 physicists, 14 of
them from foreign countries, will
engage in scientific discussions
and will pool their information
on recent developments in gravi- j
Chapel Hill was selected as the
site of the conference chiefly I
because of the establishment witn
. tI1TO . . ,
in the UNC Physics Department
, . . - ,.
here in Feb., 19o6, of a space-time-
gravitation research project to
. . ,
"find cut more about the nature
of matter and energy." Dr. Bryce
, ... .,
uewin ana nis wue, ur ecne
Morette DeWitt, who are directors !
of the research, will have a prom-
inent part in the conference. J
The DeWitts are exploring an
extension to the "quantum do-
main" of the theory of gravita- j
tion developed by the late Albert I
Einstein. Their efforts are sup
ported by the Institute of Field
Phvsics headed by Agnew II.
; . A ,
Bahnson Jr. of Winston-Salem,
. . . A , A.
Trhe steennf committee of the
! conference includes Dr. F J. Bela-
iame' ruraue v
Peter u. Bergman, Syracuse uni
versity; Dr. F. J. Dyson of the In
stitute for Advance Study' at
Princeton University, Dr. John A.
Wheeler, also of Princeton Uni-
versity, and the De Witts of cnap-
I'nysicisis aiieuuiug me WUMk
ing conference will be from uni
versities, and from private and
governmental research laborator
ies in all parts of the United
States and from countries includ
ing the following: Great Britain,
France, Turkey, Japan, Sweden,
Belgium, Denmark, Israel, Ger
many and Poland. N
Sponsors of the conference
are eight institutions: the Inter
national Union of Pure and Ap
plied Physics, the National Science
; Foundation, the Wright Air De-
velopment Command of the U. S.
Air Force, the U. S. Office of Ord
nance Research, the French De
partment of Foreign Affairs, the
Institute of Field Physics, the
University of North Carolina De
partment of Physics, and the In
stitute of Natural Sciences, also
at Ch3pel Hill.
It was stated that reasons for
holding the international confer
ence at the University are three-
a young and energetic pnysics
faculty at Chapel Hill, and 3. the
"truly excellent conference facili
Most of the conferences will
be closed work-shop sessions;
however, there will be a "popular
symposium' to which the public
is invited at which time phases of
... on critical list
gravitational research will be dis-
1 cussed by scientists attending the
The Air Research and Develop
ment Command will - prepare a
formal report of tne conference,
and it is expected that individual
articles and findings will be pub
lished in "Reviews of Modern
m f?Pft Qn
11 1 IVCy IWll
The jjC Library, once the
largest in the south, is now third
in size anj from an indications
wiu sylp into 4th or 5th
place bv the end of this school
An annual statistical report
published by the Louisiana State
University Library for the year
1955-56 places the Wilson Library's
volume count at 831,119 as com
pared with. 1,244, 880 for Duke and
1,166,295 for Texas.
The Wilson Library received
4.3 of the funds appropriated
for UNC expenditures last year.
Twenty-five of the 47 southern
acajemic libraries covered by
; the report received a larger per-
Last' year the Wilson Library
allotted $100,000 for books, period
icals, and bindings, a cut 'of $22,
500 from the previous year. Dur
ing the same period Florida spent
$247,260, Duke $224,963 and Lou
isiana State $170,125.
President William Friday has
called the lagging library program
one of the major problems facing
the University today. He told the
Board of Trustees, soon after his
appointment as President of the
Consolidated University, that the
library must be greatly strength
ened to stimulate research and
provide the equipment and mater
ials needed by the faculty and
Wrinkled Doll Clothes
L?ad To Tenement Fire
NEW HAVEN, CONN. W After
a week's use, doll's clothing can get
wrinkled, too, and so a little girl
yesterday took out her mother's
iron and ironing board and neatly
pressed the miniature garments she
had received for Christmas.
Satisfied, the 10-year-old girl put
away the board and went on to
other things. But, as she admitted
later, the board was still smoking
and within minutes touched off a
two-alarm fire in a Chapel. St. tene
ment building. Firemen estimated
damage at several thousand dollars.
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 4, 1957
Wife Of UNC Official
Better After Accident
The wife of a Consolidated University official is "feel-j
in better" alter having beeninjured by an automobile a few j
days before Christmas. j
Mrs. William D. Carmichael Jr., struck, down by a car
Thursday, Dec. 20, sufferecra
spine. She is wearing a brace
be worn for several months.
Resting at home now, Mrs.
Carmichael said Thursday although
"I can't do very much" with the
brace on, "at least I can get up
and get around." She added she
was lucky not to have received
Her husband is Consolidated Uni
versity vice president and finance
The accident occurred on "VV.
Franklin St. opposite a local groc- daughter were of no avail after
ery store as she was marketing, which she was taken to the hos
Mrs. Carmichael had started 1 pital. She was permitted to re-
across the street after a traffic
light had stopped the traffic flow
and given her the right of way.
After having, gone a little over
halfway to the other side, she was
WASHINGTON (AP) Presi
dent Eisenhower will appear be
fore Congress in person atvl2:30
p.m. (EST) Saturday to present
his plea for special authority to
prevent Communist aggression in
the Middle East.
What he wants and what he
appears likely to get is approval
of a resolution authorizing him to
us American military forces if
he should ' deem it necessary.
Eisenhower and Secretary of
CnA rullA( nlraqi. Vit'A 0 1 L- OrJ 1
... ? - , J , ---4
witn groups 01 senators anu rep-
resentatives. Dulles, for example,
has described the situation in the
Middle East as highly dangerous
and said Russia "may well move"
to expand its influence there.
BELGRADE ( AP ) Yugoslavia
told the United States it may well
lose the prestige gained during the
Suez crisis if it adopts President
Eisenhower's Middle East plan.
Borba. the Communist newspap
er which expresses the views of
the government, said in an edi-
torial that the U. S. appraisal of
the Middle East as presenting a
danger of Soviet "penetration" is
Borba said by adopting the
Eisenhower plan the United
States would risk "appearing in
the eyes of the Arab countries as
an heir to the colonial powers."
WASHINGTON (AP) A mo
tion aimed at changing the Senate's
rules and placing restraint on fili
busters was introduced Thursday
by Sen. Anderson (D-NM). The
Senate agreed to a showdown
vote on the issue at 6 p.m. (EST)'
Two developments accompanied
(See WORLD NEWS, Page J3)
SPEEDS UP TO 80 MPH
UNC Grad Student Drives $9000
LaSalle - - Inexpensively, He Says
By BILL VAN TREUREN
Not every graduate student at the
University can afford to drive
around in a $9,000 automobile, but
Tom Gillette has found an inex
pensive way to do so.
Tom is driving a $9,000 LaSalle
to and from classes. At least that
is about what it cost back in 1937
.vhen it was manufactured. Actu
ally, Tom oniy paid $100 for it.
Tom Gillette is working on his
Ph.D. in sociology under the di
rection of Dr. Reuben Hill, UNC
family sociologist. Tom's wife, Jan
et, teaches Spanish at Duke Uni
versity and takes the car to work
so Tom has remedied the walking
tituation at UNC by purchasing a
big, 'black LaSalle hearse.
"It only has 49,000 miles on it,"
Tom said, "and will easily get up went, up significantly, because de
to 80 miles an hour. It weighs about ( mand exceeded supply and because
4,300 pounds and . consequently the Negroes were able to pay for
rides nice and safe, gets pretty good and improve their purchased real
gas milage, too, for a big V-8. Later estate.
on, I'll make a station wagon out At present, Gillette is building his
fractured vertebra in her lower
which doctors say may have to
hit by the right side of a car
driven by a woman who was pre
paring to make a left turn along
She threw her hands against
the cars fender when she knew
she would be hit; this saved her
from ,b?ing thrown underneath
Mrs. Carmichael drove herself
home after efforts to locate her
turn home after being x-rayed
on the condition she not ? move
She began wearing the bface
Visits Abroad Are Planned
For Thik Spring And Summer
20 College Students
Will Study In Germany
A group of 20 selected Ameri
can college students will visit Ber
lin this summer to study the lan
guage, culture, art, and civilisa
tion of Germany during a six-week
stay in the former capital.
Headed by Dr. Frank D. Hirsch
bach, members of the faculty o"
Yale University, the group will
undergo intensive language tra:n-
ing during the ten-day boat trip to
Bremerhaven. Graded classes in
Berlin under the supervision of na
tive German professors will deal
with tne reading of classical and
modern texts, the daily press, pub
lications on contemporary prob
lems, conversation and composi
tion, pronunciation, and grammar.
Students will also hear lectures
on German literature and history
meet with outstanding personali
ties who reside in Berlin and have
lull auditing privileges at the Free
Members of Classrooms Aboard
will live with German families and
will have ample opportunities to
meet yxung Germans from student,
religious, and political organiza
tions. They will visit theatres, con
certs, movies, operas, museums, li
braries, factories, youth organiza
tions, relugee camps, the East Set
tor and the East Berlin university,
Potsdam, and other sights. Tne
Berlin slay will be followed by a
two-w;eeIi tour of Germany, Austria
and Switzerland on which. U'ts
group will be accompanied by some
of it by adding seats to the rear
compartment," Tom added.
Besides working on his Ph.D., Gil.
lette is a part-time instructor in
marriage and the family. He also
acts as a marriage and engage
Gillette is 27 and a native of
Missouri. While an undergraduate
at the University of Missouri, he
had a unique and fascinating study
on nudism as a facet of collective
Aftdr serving two years with the
Marines and getting his A.B., Gil
lette completed his M.A. work at
the University of Kansas City in
1953. He wrote his thesis on "Race
Relations," focusing it on what
happens to real estate values when
iNegroes move into white neigh
borhoods. He found that the values
Offices in Graham Memorial
I A A ar.M QpCtfcf rl
I . -
The speech by V. K. Krishna
Mencn has been postponed fo
Ihe second time..
Jim Holmes, chairman of the
Carolina Forum, received a tele
gram from the Indian delega
tion to the United Nations Tues
day, postponing the CairoTTna
speech of their chief delegate,
previously rescheduled for Jan.
Another speaking date, which
will be announced after arrange
merit's have been made, will be
made for Menon, according to
Great Oriental Cities
Featured In Spring Tour
The great cities of the Orient
Tokyo, Kyoto, Hong Kong, Bang
kok, Singapore, Manila, and Bali's
capital, Den Pasar are featured
on a new tour announced for
spring, 1957 by American Express
The 55-day ' Mikado" Tours de
parts from San Francisco May 24
on the - SS . President Wilson and
returns by Pan American clipper
from Honolula on July 17.
The tour combines sea and air
travel, offering the leisure of an
ocean voyage but covering some
of the longer hauls by air, to
permit visits to all of the majcr
cities of the East i the 55-day
period. The voyage out on the
President Wilson takes four days
to Honolulu for a visit, and then
the ship proceeds to Yokohama,
arriving on June 7.
Sightseeing in Japan includes
stays in Tokyo, Kyoto, Kobe, Bep
pu, Nikko and Fukuoka. The
trips to Hong Kong, Bangkok, Sing
apore, Den Pasar and Manila are
by air, and the return from Ma
nila is also by air, with a five
day visit in the Hawaiian Islands.
The "Mikado" escorted tour
around the Pacific is described in
detail in an illustrated folder avail
able at any American Express of
fice. The price of $3,793.40 in
cludes first - class steamer and' air
transportation, hotel accommoda
tions at the best available hotels,
all meals, sightseting. transfers j
I it a. 1 nm .i '
and the escort services. The trip
is available under the American
Express Credit Travel Plan.
Ph.D. thesis around research he is
conducting on interpersonal com
petence and its relationship to
"After finishing my Ph.D. work
at UNC, I plan to go into full time
research for two years in the men
tal health field,'; Tom said. "Then,
I hope to return to the academic
world to teach and carry on re
search in mental health and the
Before coming to UNC, Gillette
was an instructor in industrial so
ciology at Iowa State College and
carried on research in race rela
tions. While lecturing on the importance
of family budgets recently at UNC,
Gillette was asked if the hearse he'd
purchased was a "need" or a
"want." Gillette hastened to point
out the purchase was a "need" and
not the hurried result of "impulse"
"Look at the money we can save
cn camping trips by sleeping in
the back," Tom said.
Charges Accusation "Libelous
And Asks For Fair Refraction
A Carolina student, accused in a dormitory newspaper
Dec. 18 as being elected dorm president in an illegal manner,
flatly denied the accusation Thursday.
Neil Bass, president of the Battle-Vaiu e-Pettigi ew dorm
itory, said "the election . . . was completly legal in every
respect." , .
He also answered charges, printed in the BYP Times by
editor Cortland Edwards who said he had "done absolutely
nothing" as dorm president.
Edwards' editorial said on election day last spring "there
was no ballot box" so Bass "took a pad and pencil and . . .
visited each room in the three
Competition is open for one fel
lowship to be offered by the Gov
ernment of Israel to an Americar.
student, It was announced yester
day by Kenneth Holland, President
of the Institute of International
Education, 1 East 67th Street, New
The research fellowship for tne
1957-58 academic year has been of
fered by the Israeli Government
through its Ministry ofv Education.
This award is ofr a graduate 3tj
dent who wishes to engage in a
Closing date for applications is
Feb. 23, 1957.
I The research fellowship carriea
a supend ot 1800 Israel pounds
(approximately $900) to cover main
tenance and incidentals. Free tui
tion has been offered by the Ki
brew University in Jerusalem, the
Hebrew Technical Institute (Tecli
nion) in Haifa, or the Weizmann
Institute of Science in Rehovoth.
Fields of study preferred for the
award are Regional Middle East
or Israel Studies ((sociology, hi:
I tory, language, or related subject-
Candidates for Jewish studies
requirea 10 Know neorew. utner
candidates are not required to
know Hebrew. Other candid als
are noi required to know Hebrew,
but teaching at the three institu
tions is in Hebrew. Candidates Ici
regional studies with knowledge of
a Middle Eastern language are pre
ferred. Candidates who wish to do
research towards a degree in Israel
are not desired.
Candidates must be U. S. ci'.i-
zens, preferably unaer 35. Other
requirements are: a bachelor s de
gree by the date of departure;
demonstrated academic ability
and capacity for independent stu
dy; good moral chai(acter, per
sonality and adaptability; and
! good health.
Application blanks may be se
cured from the Institute of In
ternational Education, 1 East 67th
Street, New York City, or from
the Institute's regional ofifces in
Chicago,- Denver, Houston, San
Francisco and Washington.
. Institute, Regional Office ad
dresses are as follows:
116 South Michigan Ave., Chi
cago 3. Illinois.
291 Geary St., San Francisco 2, . fene further and become a rabbie
California. - rouser who racks the muck rather
401 Milam Bldg. Texas Ave. & ! than pours out his convictions. He
Milam St., Houston 2, Texas.
13 Ships Sail
Out Of The
Suez Canal Sat
PORT SAID, EGYPT (AP)
Thirteen ships trapped in the
Suez Canal for two months will
sail out of it Saturday morning,
U. N. Officials said today.
U. S- Lt. Gen Raymond A.
Wheeler, director of canal clear
ance operations for the U. N., met
with masters of the trapped ves
sels today aboard the Statue of
Liberty, a U. S. -Owned ship fly
ing the Liberian flag.
All were caught when British
and French forces attacked the
Canal Zone last October. They
where unable to move' when ships
were sunk and bridges toppled to
block the waterway.
FOUR PAGES THIS l$SU
CMHMk (ft "
M M W
1 1 i
i Qorms and said who do you waut
lor president me or somebody
"If no one was in the room that
was to Lad because the vote polltr
"I understand" said the edi
torial, "that he only recorded the
vote of 6 men in Vance. That'.;
that were in 6 out of 32 men."'
Edwards also called foj Bass to
get 'on the stick and do at h at
the job that he was supposed to
have been elected for.
'T have seen 2 dorm meeting.-,
no dorm parties, and no dorm en
tries in anything ..." the editorial
Following is Bass' complete
"In reply to a completely libel
ous, unwarranted and maliciously
equivocal editorial written by Edi
tor Cortland Edwards in the Eattl--Yanee-Pcttigrew
T les on Dec. 18,
1 would like to set the record
straight by pointing out:
"(1) That the election through,
which I was elected president cf
Battle-Vr.nce-Pettigrew by acclama
tion and for a third year was
completely legal in every respeti
"I was nominated by acclama
tion at a dormitory meeting at
which approximately 25 per cent
of the dorm residents was prescn
as many as our social room vLl
accommodate. Thus, as far as the
presidency was concerned, an elcc-
tion was virtually
but was held.
"(2) That the approximate 140
a year which our dorm receives
from student fees enables us to
have only two socials a year. Thus
we can't be a blasting social club,
especially since $30 of our small
fund has already been utilized ffr
television repair," he said.
"When Cort was presented the
truth about my three-year admir;i-
tration in BVP, when Jie was
ironted with achievements such
tiling of the dorm social room aftr
petition to the Buildings and
Grounds dept., accomplished
through the help of a hustl;n
dormitory manager and coopera
tive J. S. Bennett, (head of the
Buildings and Grounds dept..) he
admitted that he printed the edi
torial without factual support.
"Why did Cort, who I like per
sonally," he said, "write an un
founded editorial after I had or
ganized the paper and asked him
to edit it?
"(1) As he admitted, he imagines
J himself an iconclast; but he ha.;
writes, admittedly, not from con
viction but to stimulate though,
even to the point of prevarication.
"''2) He was being vindictive as
a result of his failure to capture
dormitory office through disqualifi
cation for failure to maintain a
T decided against bringing ;;iul
against Cort before our siude:t
judiciary for his libelous editorial
because being in newspaper work
myself,"' he said, 'T respect his
ught to voice his own opinion. Et:t
this doesn't give him a license to
distort the truth, and in all fair
ness: I expect a public retraction of
your defamatory lie, Mr. Edwards "
Activities scheduled for Grah
am Memorial today include:
Dance Committee Court, 4-5
p.m., Council Room.