Daily Tar Heel (Chapel … /
May 16, 1959, edition 1 /
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fHf DA!LT, J TAR RSFL,
SATURDAY, MAY IS, 153!
Iit). 11 1 iu lu.uks sis monilis mikc tlic
t.ut 1. 1 ilu- slv .11 i Ik 1 l.m ict-1 Icmlmon
( Kiiini M I U in I h iiiUi von. At tlm jkmiu the
tnkr Mtm lim'.K i lioni settlement than at
an i r inns I inn.
Y au- iMiUunt in our belief that the
Mukris ,nc li-lit. And we also leiteiale our
titu; hilin that they i.iiiiidI xssilly wage
. mhhavIiiI 1 .1 1 1 1 1 .i i 4 n against John 1). Coop
(i it t u- jMi-xfiu luiiil is nut iru'iscd. I wo
m I hue weeks .x'n, 1 Ik uniom bad a ;m1
!i nut a u inning in Henderson. That was
!t!ou- i!h- t nuance ol tlie National (iuaid.
Now. with stale militaiy protection escort
iu ihe ,il'" in and out ol the mill, it
.ip;x-UN imMssil!e. or at least highly unlikc
l. tint lV.d liuu (.111 lead the local textile
w-mIcis t iheii 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i(toty over Cooper.
Ihe militia is pupaied to stav fur an inticf
m;tr jKiitd ol lime. h it 1i means 1h.1t strike
hiraVet s .m 1 nniinue to ;.; to and Irom work
w itlt mi! sliIii d.inei .
lit ii!( 1 n Ins .ill ol the cainuiks of the
.im!.im-1 koMet siiike in Wisconsin. It is
nut lieond the lealtns of jxixsiliility that
"xpfi and the unions will remain apart
hum a settlement hn as Ion as two or tluee
r.uv II tliis h.ippens. it will he a clear-cut
itloi lu. management, as the original mill
wmkei will hae to find other employment.
.ud the mill will luin out its textile n
iliu ts ilnuiili ihe cllotts uf Cooper's imjHirts.
ll .! this i ualK too had. It is too had
hei.uise the unions .ind the Cocinor hae
lieen mislenl. It is ton bad because John D.
ooju i is sm t ceding in breaking the union.
nd it is too bad because the violence and
bid publiiitv iesultin'4 f'm the separation
n objiitixes in llendeison, must necessarily
be ha. nihil to ihe lutuie industrialization of
this Si ne.
We ,11c voiis .ibout all of this: but most of
.ill we .lie sons thai we must now concede
ntois iu iiith ccntnis ohn 0. Cooper.
We hope this is a permatuie concession.
Ihrcihioi wondeis how nniiv readers
noii, id ihe 1 in til.ir sapor trail hih in the
sis , e, Chapel Hill on Tuesday altcmoon
.t ibom -:,! p in. He fiuther wonders how
mans people know whs it was thcie in the
middle ol ihe peilectls blue sky.
li 's.in.i ti ail h it b Air Koue U-yj's as they
met .ilnise 0111 ipiiint little ullage. The cir
Ir rial these giants of the air made with
then sapi indicated the spot where hypcr
il..ti. 1hiiiiI wen bc'nv dropped.
I his is .1 isph.il An l our mission. SAC
plmes ate const. uitlv meeting one another
at dcsi-natiil points all aiound the lobc.
It is quite possible that one of Tuesday's air
i iilt c uu Id base come from a West Coast
h.w. while the other miht base been sent
in In-,11 as I it away as Thule Air lorcc liasc
And chc asioiially when these planes do
I Mine to-eihei over the Chapel Hill aiea.
II males one think. It makes sou wonder just
j lirle bit about cscrsthin;.; that is goin
on aiound us in the es er hanin world. It
is almost like a fantasy, as science flies hiph
oei us. leasing nothing to transcend the gap
Ik iw ic n those on the aiound and those in the
iii. Ml s c know is that aside from their prac
tue boinbiir missions, the SAC", planes cany
leal bombs, possibly to be used on other
moic leal t.uets.
We hope they'll ncscr have to use them.
Eijc Dmty ar Heel
Tli official studf t publlcitlon it the Public:ioi
a.ant of thi linivrrOty of North Cimlin. -shir t
At Ions last some of the false
veil of secrecy ha.s been stripped
from the proceedings of the honor
council. Having heard the advo
cates of the secret inquisition ex
pound on its merits, particularly
with regard to an alleged "re
habilitative" function, it is inter
esting to note that the most signi
ficant thing-s which have come to
light in the past few days are
abuses and abridgements of the
rights and privileges of defend
ants! It appears that the only thing
that has been kept secret is the
gross inequity of the patchwork
judicial system under which we
live. It is a false assumption that
honor council cases have ever
really been very secret, despite
the number of oaths taken. Most
anybody knows of a few cases
that have been before the honor
council and also know, or think
they know, a fair number of de
tails. With a very small effort it
Is possible to get more. The most
striking , results of this false se
crecy are the rumors and h df
truth.s which it gives rise to. This
alone more than counters any "re
habilitative" effect, besides plac
ing the innocent in a bad position
merely for having appeared be
fore the honor council.
Those defendants who have had
the wisdom and courage to de
mand open trials arc to be com
mended. Whether it is pleasant or
unpleasant, it has been clearly
demonstrated again and again
that justice is not fostered in se
cret trials. The courage of the
people recently before the honor
council may mean a greater
measure of justice for those who
come bvfore the council in the fu
ture. It is high time we realize that
no matter how honest and sincere
the people on the honor council
may be, it will never be in the
interCvst of justice or humanitar
ianism to hold court behind closed
doors. It is never safe to invest
the court with unlimited power .o
punish. There is no justification
for leaving important matters of
procedure to the fancy of th
chairman of the honor council.
Action is long overdue to recog
nize and clearly set down the
rights and privileges of the ac
cused and insure that they
"What's All The Fuss Ahotit A Little Carpeting
For Senators In Washington?"
Dangers Of Atomic Fallout
'Nothing To Worry About'
Dear Mr. Editorial Writer:
fa published daily
rscrpt Monday and
e omimtion period
md i'mme: terms.
Enter d m irrond
cla matter in the
fv.M office in Chapel
lit!!. N. C. under
the ict of March 8
rated: $4.50 prr
p;i!rr, W 50 pl
Tbi D.iily Tr Ilrrl
1 printrd by the
Nfwi Inc., Carrboro, N. C
A.ioc late Kdjtor
Vnii ng V. litors
; i .
Silr kl' f I
1 1 X
On the subject of nuclear fall-out which seems to
be a catch word for the layman. let me quickly an-
an; nounce that there is little or nothing to worry about.
carried out through equitable and In my humble opinion, nuclear fallout has been cith
prcscribed procedures. It is timi; er a propaganda stund, or sensational writing by tho
for a comprehensive revision of Loose syndicate, i.e. our yellow journalist friends,
the campus judicial system.
If an agency can stir up enough public sentiment
or arouse the people for any reason, and then claim
credit to the matter, then they have a credit to them
selves. And fallout has evidently been just this.
Naturally, we should be made aware of common
danger, but Public Health type of screaming about
an increase of radiation from an intensity equal
to a watch dial to perhaps two watches over the
During a visit to lovely Chapel last five years seems hardly worth worrying about.
Hill this week. I happened to pick Wa(cn di;il;. do have -deadly' radiation emitting from
up a copy of the Tar Heel and in thejr f the or mixed
reading the mouthpiece of student .. .. ...
kk a ... ... with radioactive substances to light them up, that is
thought and news of the Univer-
Hty of North Carolina, I noted thi; to excilc thc Phosphor paint. This radiation is gencr-
article about Secretary of Defense a'b' made up of particles called alpha rays which can
McKlroy's statement concerning be stopped in a few layers of paper, with more than
the death of Donald A. Quarles. adequate protection from anyone's clothing. But
As a registered Democrat from nc 'ast three years has seen all sorts of scare stories
Baltimore. Md., who nevertheless ahout fallout, evcnyto the extent of claims that
feels free to vote for the best thc next generation will be changed from cell per-
man, I was Korry to read this pc- mutation,
tulant bit of editorial comment.
I was sorry because it is possibh
that this editorial writer hopes
fomeday to be in a position to
lead and guide the readers of
seme newspaper. In any event.
DAVIS B. YOUNG
frank cuo vn I Eli
Now if anybody really investigated the matter
closely, he would find that cosmic rays arc contin
ually falling about us, and in far greater numbers
than fallout has ever achieved. Few people realize
he has a definite responsibility to that over 1500 cosmic rays enter their body every
do just that now, and, as a lead- minute, and evidently have been doing so since the
er of rational opinion, to try to first man. Now these cosmic rays are so strong that
present to his youthful readers a
slightly more adult and compre
hending outlook on local, national
and international matters than
they may po.sc.ss at thc present
they pierce miles of ground with little or no diminu
ition, so thc people on top of the earth are con
stantly penetrated by cosmic rays. Yet no one has
worried about fallout until the AEC began experi
menting with nuclear devices. Now the press waits
to hear a new angle which might stir up a few
more people. Or else our friends in White will leap
to the scene carrying Geigler counters and all the
rest of their paraphernalia and raise all sorts of
dust, for we all know that no one keeps his job
long unless he does something along the line he
was hired to do. But new mothers have not been
told of cosmic rays.
If someone starts thc fallout line, see if he is
not selling papers or keeping a county board proper
ly informed. The best way to catch some of these
stories is to question the number of radioactive
particles that fall through a square inch, and if an
answer is available compare it with the rain of cos
mic rays, wheh fall at thc rate of more than six for
every square inch.
Cosmic rays arc mostly Mesons, a rare knowt
thing that does not live long, perhaps not over a
millionth of a second. But before this happens they
penetrate the surface of the earth, andn everyone
thereon. But cosmic rays generally are so strong
that we claim their energies to be well into the bill
ions of electron volts. This means they just go, and
do not see anything whether it be lead or concrete
in their path. Fallout will never be above a few
million not billion electron volts. It will never
get beyond the skin regions, even if an atomic bomb
goes off in Charlotte. So girls, your progeny will
be safe. In the meantime all these cosmic rays are
ripping through our most vital regions.
The executive committee of the
UNC trustees has let the legisla
ture and the public know that a
minimum of $2,000,000 over and
above all present budget recom
mendations must be provided if
the University is to operate for
the next two years just on the
It is good that the trustees have
served this notice. The people who
have taken this stand on behalf
of the University are outstanding
North Carolina citizens. ; They are
interested in this matter solely be
cause they are interested in the
future of North Carolina and in
the future of her citizens. They
are not people who believe in
wasting any money, either public
money or private money. In fact,
they are not people who believe
in wasting or half-using any re
sources of any kind, and it is that
beb'ef of fully using all resources
which led them to make their
recommendation that the Univer
sity simply must have the addi
For, without that additional $2,
000.000, the University wi.l not be
able to train adequately Ncrth
Carolina's most valuable resource,
its young people. And, if that re
source is not well or even ade
quately trained, the future of
North Carolina is dim indeed.
The University's request is a
realistic one. In fact, it is based
on less than actual need, and it
must be considered in that light.
It simply would permit continua
tion of service on the present le
vel, with no expansion in staff or
research work, other than that
needed to continue on the pres
ent plateau of service.
The University's request is for
the bare minimum. It must be
met to the last penny.
There was action by the legis
lature's appropriations subcom
mittee on another education front
yesterday, the public schools. It
approved allocation of additional
funds for the public schools which,
if used with other available funds
for raising teaching pay, could
permit a raise of five percent
across the board.
This new allocation is a step
in the right direction. A five per
cent raise for all teachers would
be a great deal better than no
raise at all. But, the legislators
must take one step further and
bring that raise up to at least
eeven and a half percent. That
would bring starting pay for
teachers to about $3,000 and would
make it easier for school units
all over the state to secure badly
needed replacement teachers. The
larger raise, of course, also would
make it easier to hold the teach
ers now in the profession.
And, the legislative subcommit
tee must find the money needed
to provide at least a modest raise
for state employees other than
The finding of the additional
money for the University, for the
teachers and "for the state em
ployees is not :an impossible task.
It is a task which must be done.
Thank you for your letter of
May 4th with the tear sheet from
The Daily Tar Heel.
I was interested to read the ac
counts of the Henderson strike1
not dispassionate, perhaps, but
as an oia college newspaper
man myself, L know you must be
finding the editorship a highly in
Robert B. Meynor, Governor
State of New Jersey
Ki.A. News Editor
Fe at i re Kditor
m-s. Adv. Manager
Nijht Kditor ....
WALKER BI ANTON
7 ANTHONY WOLJT
When Death comes to each of
v, it is indeed Death. But throujli
the ages men have been known
to call it "Sleep. "Final Rest."
"Passing On," "The Great Be
yond" etc. etc. etc. Often men
have referred to Death in terms
of their own particular rcligiojs
Your little piece was immature
and in bad taste and also indi
cated a badly mixed up attitude
tor one entrusted with the privil
tges of speaking to a student body
drawn from all parts of the USA,
it not the world. ,
U is to be hoped that with in
creasing mental maturity you
yourself will not be tagged a De
mocratic college student jerk.
A. M. Stevens
JUST DON'T )
-s. V. UNDERSTAND.. y
?G-PEH" HOW IN THE
UJOSLD DO YOU MANAGE
TO GET SO
WELL, IT'S KIND OF
HARD TO SAY.
fTS KIND OF K
I GUESS THERE ARE SOME
THINGS WE WILL NEVER KNOUJ
IN THIS LIFETIME!
I JU5T PA5SP OC HOUN'POd i
L T2Virf' TO TAKE Off. J)
Hg TM1N5 HS'S A BUIXtZfV'"
HI'S RUNNINJ'ASOUNP PlAPPN
HIS ASMS gXPECTiN' THAT'S ALL HE
OwT TO PO TO FLY.
WH6S5A5 TH2 LAWS Of
AWIAU- PYNAMlflCS PRWB
Of CHANCS tS USSS THAN'-
1 1 (HfWT il
ws & Previews
Under the Honor System you are on your
honor not to cheat, lie or steal; and if you see
another student doing so, you are on your honor
to report him to the appropriate student council.
THE HONOR CODE
Under the Campus Code you are bound on
your responsibility as a lady (gentleman) to con
duct yourself as such at all times, and further to
see to it, insofar as possible, that your fellow
students do likewise. THE CAMPUS CODE
The Campus Code and the Honor Code form the
foundation for student self-discipline on this camp
us. They are committed to memory by each student
as he enters the university, and he is reminded of
them constantly throughout his Carolina career.
It seems obvious that the Honor Code and the
Campus Code, as they now exist, are reasonably
operative: that is, there is probably no more,' lying,
cheating, stealing, or unacceptable conduct on this
campus than there is on any other similar campus,
or, for that matter, in the outside world.
Many Carolina citizens are unduly proud of this
record, their pride stemming frrom the miscDncep
tion that adherence to the Codes as stated is due to
the higher standards of honor and conduct which
the Codes engender.
If this is the case, then their pride is misplaced;
for not only, are the Codes not liable to raise the
students' standards, but they are also designed on
the assumption that they will not. In other words,
a student is advised that under the Honor System
he is on his honor not to lie, cheat or steal. And then,
after a semicolon's pause., he is advised that hi
"honor" is subject to the surveillance not only of
his own conscience, but also of the conscience of
every other student on the campus.
In short, the student is not on his honor at
all, except in the least valuable sense of the
word. Rather, he is asked to subject his honor
his private morality to the standards of the
The considerable effectiveness of the Honor Code
is due mainly to the fact that its strictures against
lying, cheating and stealing are deeply ingrained
in our common moral heritage. The majority which
has internalized its inherited mores cannot but con
sider the Honor Code redundant in its first clause
and oppressive in its secon; the rest will disobey
it with varying degrees of success.
This is not to say that the Honor Code is entircly
without value. Certainly its first clause, which puts
the student on his honor, may well stimulate the
student to become more conscious of his personal
morality to question it, and to formulate it in his
mind as a clear principle.
The second clause of the Honor Code could well
be erased from the books. Not only does it discredit
the first clause, but it may well thwart the aim of
the Code to educate the student in greater self-reliance.
By refusing the ultimate responsibility for
the interpretation and enforcement of honor to the
individual, and investing instead in the community,
the Honor Code lessens the responsibility of the
student for his own actions.
In its most valuable statement, the Honor Code
should read, "Under the Honor System you are on
As it now reads, the Honor Code is ambiguous
only as it clouds the sense of the word "Honor";
the Campus Code, on the other hand, is totally am
biguous. Like the Honor Code, it contains a contradiction
in terms. In its first clause it makes the student-re-sponsible
for his own conduct, and in so doing it
asserts the students' competence to make the judg
ments involved. Following the semicolon is the in
junction which empowers every student to attempt
to impose his standards of conduct on his fellows.
The entire statement of the Campus Code is am
biguous, and, like the Honor Code, it is self-defeating.
There is no pat definition of "lady" or "gentle
man," and no operational definition is supplied in
It would also seem evident that if one is to be
bound on one's responsibility as a lady (gentleman ,
one is presupposed to be, in fact, a lady or gentle
man and thus legitimately able to accept such re
sponsibility; and , if this is true, then one is unable
to act in any other way. In short, only ladies ani
gentlemen can accept the responsibility as ladies
and gentlemen to act as ladies jnd gentlemen: and
as they are ladies and gentlemen in the first place,
the rest is strictly excess verbiage.
But there is something more seriously wrong
with the Campus Code than its formulation, and it
is strange that its essential error should not be
more generally perceived in a section of the country
which stands on the principle that it is impossible
to legislate mores.
Despite this principle, the Campus Code make3
it possible for any student to at least threaten the
moral integrity of any of his fellows, and possible
to impose his moral standards on others.
Even if a student is never brought into official
conflict with the Campus Code, its very existence
fosters in him an unhealthy respect for the opinion
of others on matters that should be decided by him
alone. If the individual's decisions regarding hi
personal morality are unacceptable to ethers, those
offended should restrict themselves to social rather
than legislative correctives.
While the Honor Code is essentially valuable,
then, the Campus Code is quite useless and harmful.
As a legal prohibition, the Honor Code is effecti
only to the degree that its precepts are already
part of the moral fibre of the individual; the Campus
Code is effective only in punishing flagrant abuses
of established standards of conduct. The same ef
fect could probably be gained by simply putting
every Carolina student on his honor.
(We are re-running this Anthony Wolff column
because it is a sample of student opinion which
should be heard during a time- when the Honor
System is coming under the close scrutiny of the
student body. The Editor.)
nxftt, ilk i aaj)ft pft
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