87 jean of dedicated aerriee to
a better University, a better state
and a better nation by one of
America's great college papers,
whoe motto states, "freedom of
expression is the backbone of an
Fair and cold today, with highs
ranging from 20s to near SO.
VOLUME LXVIII, NO. 100
Complete I Wire Service
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, FEB. 20, 1960
Offices in Graham Memorial
FOUR PAGES THIS ISSUE
"It was the hand of Cod," said
Gov. Edmund Brown Friday, that
delivered to his attention a U. S.
State Department telegram which
helped persuade him to extend a
tJO-duy reprieve to Caryl Chess
man. Brown told a news conference
the telegram expressed grave
concern over this country's in
ternational relations on Presi
dent Eisenhower's Latin Ameri
can trip. It noted especially a
strong advocacy in South A
merica of the condemned con
vict's plea for clemency.
It wa among thousands of
ti'legrams in his office.
"It was in the hand of God,"
he said, "that this one would be
picked out after I left the office."
It arrived at ft. lf p.m. Thursday.
was opened and was sent to the
K'vernor ut once.
The governor said an eleventh
hour letter sent to him by
Chessman had nothing to do
with his decision to grant a
"I regarded it as a last des
perate effort on his part to save
himself from execution," Brown
said. "I put no credence in it.
I'm still convinced he is guilty."
Brown did not disclose what
Brown said he is unable to
explain the world wide excite
ment over the Chessman case.
"The impressive thing to me as
governor is the high concern so
many people have shown over
th dignity of human life, even
that of a man who has commit
ted the crimes that Chessman
But such a long time has elaps
ed, he added, between Chessman's
original conviction and the final
disposition in the courts, "It has!
caused a lot of people to wonder!
The following rules and regula
tions for this afternoon's Count
Basic Hermans Concert have been
announced by Angus Duff, chairman
of the University Dance Committee.
Only the main doors to Memorial
Hall will be used.
Bida will be collected at the door
and will not be returned.
Once in the building, exit (during
the intermission or any other time)
will forfeit readmission.
No bottles, cups, or cans will be
allowed inside the auditorium.
Smoking will be allowed in the
lobby only during intermission, but
not in the main auditorium or bal
cony at any time.
All Dance Committee rules and
regulations will be in effect as usual
and violators of such will be asked
to leave the concert, and will be
subject to trial.
j js j
UNC FACULTY CLUB OFFICERS Officers and directors of
tho Faculty Clob at the University of North Carolina to take
office In two weeks are, left to right, above, Prof. J. P. Harland,
president; Prof. Walter Spearman, vice president; Dean James L.
Says1 God's Hand'
To Make Reprieve
if something wasn'i wrong with ' for clemency, lie said.
.Chessman's conviction in the first
: He said he received thousands
' of letters and telegrams from all
over the world, some from emo
tionally unstable persons, "but
many from people whose views
I respect.' Ninety per cent were
Last Minute Execution Stay
Leaves Chessman Incredulous
j SAN QUENTIN, Calif., itfi
Caryl Chessman was incredulous
when he learned he had been re
prieved 9 hours and 55 minutes
before his scheduled execution
Details of the dramatic inci
dent in aan uuentin prison s
waiting room, only 13 steps
from the gas chamber, where
1 reported by Associate Warden
: Walter D. Achuff.
i "Warden Fred Dickson was
visiting Chessman in the death
j cell when the Governor telephon
ed the reprieve," Achuff told
"Dickson took the call on a
telephone just outside the gas
"Then he went in and told
Chessman. Chessman was ob
viously under a very heavy e
"Apparently he was incredulous.
But the warden assured him it
was true and Chessman had an
"He didn't cry but he was aw
"Then in about 15 minutes
Chessman was taken back up
Prince Is Born
World Can Draw Deep Breath Again
LONDON, (.T A baby prince
was born Friday to Queen Elizabeth
II. Bells, guns and bonfies signaled
the nation's rejoicing at the safe
delivery of the child, the first in
fant born to a reigning British mon
arch in 103 years.
Both mother and son, Eliza
beth's third child, were doing well.
The little newcomer becomes sec
ond only to his 11-year-old brother.
Prince Charles, in the line of suc
cession to the throne which Eliza
beth assumed in 1952 Princess Anne,
9, drops back to third place.
"It's a boy!" exclaimed Prince
Philip, grinning happily.
The proud father's words were
repeated around the land.
Church bells pealed at this an
nouncement from Buckingham Pa
lace that ended anxiety over a
somewhat difficult, 30-hour confine
ment: "The queen was safely delivered
of a son at 3:30 p.m. today.
"Her majesty and the infant
prince are both doing well."
A crowd of more than 2,000
" ' I
He was impressed, too, he
said, by the attitude of William
Bennett, a former Deputy At
torney General when Brown
was Attorney General. Bennett
was in charge of the Chessman
Case. He recommended that the
sentence be commuted.
stairs to the death row. He got
there at 12:25 a.m.
"He managed to go to sleep
Achuff said the prison had not
received any papers from Gov.
Edmund Brown regarding the
stay that Brown himself tele
phoned the order.
Chessman slept late this morning.
Iowa State College Doctor
To Address Med School Here
Dr. John W. Gowen of Iowa State
College will be guest lecturer at
the School of Medicine today.
Dr. Gowen will deliver the week
ly Medical Science Lecture Series
address. The lecture will be given
at 11 a.m. in the Clinic Auditorium.
All interested persons are invited
This is next to the final lecture
in the series that began in October.
The theme of the lectures is "Gene
tics and Medicine." The series is
sponsored by the School of Medicine
and Medical Education for Nation
cheered wildly at the palace gates
as u palace official pinned up the
A carnival air swept London. Con
gratulations with President Eisen
hower's among the first streamed
A ceremonial flag- of red, blue
and gold 24 feet by 12 replaced
the royal standard over the palace
to mark the birth of the first baby
to a reigning British monarch since
Princess Beatrice was born to Queen
Victoria in 1857.
A 21-gun salute boomed at Wind
sor Castle, one of the oldest royal
homes. The royal navy gave the
traditional order "splice the main
brace," which meant that every
navy man got a free tot of mm.
Inside the palace, Prince Philip
joined the queen's physicians and
other attendants in a champagne
The baby's weight and his name
remained temporarily undisclosed.
The expectation is that he will be
named James at his christening, in
about four weeks. A palace spokes
UNC Faculty Club Names Officers;
Professor Harland New President
Godfrey, secretary; Prof. Shepard
Sitterson, a director. Not present
Luxon, aUo a director.
Miss Wommack Heads
By MARY STEWART BAKER
A new phase in the Symposium
program this year is a committee
which has been labeled "Sally's
Committee," for lack of time .to
think of a proper name for it.
"Sally's Committee," headed
by Miss Sally Womack of Chap
el Hill, will certainly grow In
scope through the years. Right
now it is doing a notable job in
working to bring students out
side of UNC here for participa
tion in the Symposium program.
These students, whose transpor
tation will be furnished by Sym
posium, will form a special sem
inar of their own. This year the
seminar will be led by Warren
Ashby, professor of philosophy at k
The main duty of Miss Womack
and her committee is to raise the
mfoney needed to transport the
"Right now," she reports,
"we're working on obtaining
funds from a subsidiary of the
al Defense, a federal agency.
Dr. Gowen received his under
graduate education at the University
of Maine, took his master's degree
there and his Ph. D. degree was
awarded by Columbia University.
His topic here will be "Genetics
of Natural Resistance."
The final speaker on the lecture
series will be Dr. Howard Leve$.e
of the Department of Mathematical
Statistics of . Columbia University.
Dr. Levene will speak on Saturday.
man said there would be no an
ouncement concerning the weight
The Archbishop of Canterbury,
Related To Washington
LONDON, 0T) Britain's new
prince, like his brother Char
les and sister Anne, can claim
a remote kinship to George
A royal family tree shows
that one of their great-great-great-great-grandfathers
the Very Rev. Robert Hodg
son, who died in 1844. Several
generations farther back, the
Hodgson line and that of Wash
ington had joined.
The infant is a direct des
cendant of England's Queen
Victoria, kings of Denmark
and Greece and Czar Nicholas
I of Russia. Among other an
cestors were Scots, Germans,
French, Poles and Hungarians.
Jones, treasurer; Dean Carlyle
for the photo was Dean N. N.
(UNC Photo by David Windley)
l s -
Ford Foundation. If we aren't
able to raise enough in funds
this Symposium year, we will
at least be afble to bring in
students from this area. It's a
Long range plans fo the com
mittee include hopes of bringing
students in from colleges and un
iversities in New England and the
Mid-West. This will obviously in
crease the national importance of
the Carolina Symposium.
Miss Womack, appointed chair
man of the committee when it was
formed in mid-Novem,ber, is
junior majoring in comparative
literature. She entered UNC after
studying at Wellesley College in
Miss Womack started her work
with Symposium this year. She
has worked with the YWCA on
the Finance Drive and is a mem-
(ber of Kappa Kappa Gamma.
spiritual head of the Church of
England, summed up the feeling
of many with these words:
"We are full of relief and joyful
happiness and of thanksgiving . . .
for very good reason, the mystery
of mother and child, the commonest
thing in the world, is also a most
lovely and sacred thing to us all.
But in Buckingham Palace it is not
only a mother and her child, but
our queen and her infant prince."
Dr. Herbert Ratner will be guest
speaker at a School of Public Health
Student-Faculty Seminar on Mon
day. The seminar will be held in the
Assembly Room of the Louis R.
Wilson Library at 2:30 p.m. All in
terested persons are invited to at
tend. Dr. Ratner will speak on "Health
Education, and the Family." He is
the director -of the Oak Park (111.)
Public Health Department.
Prof. J. Penrose Harland, arch
aelogist; succeeded Dr. Warner
Wells, surgeon, as president of the
Facility !lub at the University of
North Carolina this week.
New directors of the club include
Dean Carlyle Sitterson, Prof. Shep
ard Jones, Dean N. N. Luxon, and
Dr. Hartandi Hold-over directors
are Dean James L. Godfrey, Dean
Arnold 'Perry and Prof. Walter
Other officers for 1900-61 are
Prof. Spearman, vice president;
Dean Godfrey, secretary, and Prof.
The Faculty Club is an informal
luncheon organization which meets
at the Carolina Inn every other
Tuesday for programs usually of
an academic nature, often speeches
on technical specialities which are
followed by question-and-answer pe
John Darden (SAE) is not pin
ned to Nancy Brantley as reported
yesterday in the Daily Tar Heel.
fed U mtm mm K0 k I
Dr. Hollis Edens Quits
As President Of Duke
DURHAM OP) Dr. Hollis Edens
announced Friday he was resigning
as president of Duke University.
The 59-year-old president, who made
the announcement to a faculty meet
ing, indicated no immediate plans.
Dr. Edens was elected Duke pres
ident in 1948 while serving with
the Rockefeller Foundation. He took
office in 1949.
Earlier he had filled a number
of positions with the State to
Georgia university system.
Dr. Edens indicated he was not
contemplating leaving Duke to take
another post. He said he would re
main here until a successor is
elected and takes office.
Duke University last summer an
nounced it would embark upon a
76 million dollar fund raising pro
gram over 10 years "to make itself
a better, not a vastly larger school."
It was in consideration of this
program that Dr. Edens prepared
his resignation. He felt that a
successor to the presidency should
be a man of such age as to see
the program completed. When the
program was projected last June
Edens described it as "the most
challenging dream presented for
the university since the dream
which created it."
Edens was the third person to
serve a. president since Duke Uni
versity was established in 1924 with
the millions supplied by the late
James B. Duke, internationally
Universay Prayer Day
Slated Here Sunday
The Universal Day of Prayer for
students will be observed here Sun
day. The principal sepaker tomorrow
night for the celebration service at
6:30 will be Dr. Luther Copeland, a
faculty member at Southeastern
Seminary at Wake Forest, N. C. He
is speaking at the Presbyterian Stu
dent Center, on "Why Intercessary
Dr. Copeland recently returned
from Japan where he taught in a
The service at the Student Center
tomorrow is a part of thousands of
such observances which will be held
in the colleges and universities in
many parts of the world.
Walker Blanton Resigns Dual Positions
On Daily Tar Heel, Publications Board
By SUSAN LEWIS
Walker Blanton resigned Thurs
day as business manager of The
Daily Tar Heel and chairman of
the Publications Board.
Blanton will be succeeded by
Tim Burnett as business manager
and by Harold O' Tuel as board
Blanton gave his reasons for
resigning as: (1) "I've been in the
business department four years and
it's time to go," (2) "The new man
ager needs practical experience
while the old manager is still
around to answer questions," and
(3) "I had too many things to do."
The departing leader is retaining
a few of his positions, however. He
is still a member of Publications
Board, president of Delta Kappa
Epsilon for the second consecutive
semester, treasurer of IFC, and
member of Audit Board and Cam
pus Chest committee.
Obviously he has found time to
study, for he is a Morehead Schol
ar, Dean's List man and Phi Be
ta Kappa initiate his junior year.
He is a member of Phi Eta Sig
ma, freshman scholastic honorary;
r n r in
rp o n nn7 n
known tobacco tycoon. Today Duke
has about 5,600 students.
Dr. William Preston Few, presi
dent of Trinity College, a Method
ist institution upon which Duke
University was erected, remained as
president under the vastly expand
ed operation. He was succeeded by
the late Dr. Robert L. Flowers.
In his 11 years as head of Duke,
the university expanded academ
ically in many fields, a far cry
from the humble beginnings of
Trinity College that began in a
little log cabin that housed a
Quaker - Methodist community
school in Randolph County.
Delta Upsilon Group
Elects New Officers
Officers for the coming year were
elected last Monday by Delta Up
silon social fraternity.
Eddie Taft is the new president
and he is to be assisted by Donald
F. Gottaschalk, vice - president;
Ralph B. Tower, recording secre
tary; William H. Dalton, corres
ponding secretary, and Robert Eas
The three delegates elected to
attend the Provincial Conference in
Gainesville, Fla., in March are
Stan Black, Eddie Taft and Joe De
Students in the infirmary yester
day were: Alene Boyette, Catherine
Pierce, James Williams, Betty
Monk, Lydia Fish, Brenda Wilson,
Mildred Carpenter, Jean Crewes,
Margaret Thompson, Charlotte An
drews, Mary Brock, Ann Totlon,
Charles Green, Fred Meal, Ralph
Scott, James Rosenblatt, Wily Hurt,
Hubert Stoneman, Roy Raab, Floyd
Kushner, Richard Sanders, Mebane
Turner, Berbert Stone, Muriel Hogg,
Patricia Crawford, Charles Mason,
Lawrence Henry, David Williams,
James Ryder, Donald Folgeman,
Thomas Horner, Larry Johnson,
Bryan Grimes, Farris Jones, Roy
Spach, Albert Smith, Richard
Pierce, Roy Kirschberg, James Ger
ardi, Thomas Law and Stephen
Phi Alpha Theta, honorary his- perch in the business office the
tory society and Order of the' Old reign and demise of four DTH edi
Well. j tors. Fred Powledge, Neil Bass,
(It is said Blanton dropped a ' DouS Eisle, Curtis Gans and the
course last year because he thought
he was making a B on it.)
The senior American history ma
jor from Marion has seen from his
-: m - &
The international flavor of the
Carolina campus will be emphas
ized this week with exhibits,
speeches, the United Nations Model
Assembly, and a gala international
Sponsored by the International
Student Board, the first annual In
ternational Emphasis Week will of
ficially open Sunday at 4 p.m. at
the Cosmopolitan Club meeting in
Smith Dorm. At 8 p.m. Sunday, a
special movie, "Eight Steps to
Peace," will be shown in Carroll
Hall. The film stars the late Tryone
One of the highlights for the week
will be the address of former UNC
President Dr. Frank P. Graham,
scheduled for the opening session
of the UN Mo-del Assembly at 8
p.m. Thursday in Memorial Hall.
The Model Assembly, which will
continue through Saturday, is be
ing coordinated by the YMCA
U. N. Education Committee. Col
lege students from 23 nations, who
are studying at area institutions,
will serve as delegates for the
Four commissions for discussion
will be set up by the delegates. They
will cover the revision of the UN
Charter, nuclear disarmament, and
several other problems.
In addition to the assembly ac
tivities, several panel discussions
will be held, including one on "Can
We Coexist with Communism?,"
slated for the . Library . Assembly
Room at 8 p.m. Tuesday.
Dr.. Ira Reid, professor of so
ciology at Haverford College, will
lecture on "The World Speaks to
the Universities," at 8 p.m. Wed
nesday in Hill Hall. Dr. Reid's
appearance here is being spon
sored by the Carolina Forum.
' The final event of the week will be
the International Dinner, sponsored
by the Cosmopolitan Club, and
scheduled for 5:45 p.m. in the Pres
byterian Student Center. Approxi
mately 200 people are expected to
attend the affair, which will fea
ture foreign students in native cos
tumes, and a meal with in inter
national flavor. Shows by each
country represented have also been
planned. Tickets are available for
In addition to the International
Dinner, several international dishes
will be served in Lenoir Hali dur
ing the week.
Exhibits dealing with internation
al culture will be on view in the
women's dorms, the library, Ack
land Art Center, and the foreign
present Davis B. Young.
Looking over the years, he says
last year the paper had the larg
est monetary surplus of any year
Planning to graduate this June,
Blanton has no definite plans for
the future. He Ls considering spend
ing the summer in Wyoming, pos
sibly working for a newspaper.
Friday he cleaned out his desk in
the business office, gathered up his
things and left.
Burnett, the new business man
ager, is a sophomore from Greens
boro. He is a Morehead Scholar
and a member of IFC, DEKE,
sophomore cabinet and the attor
ney general staff. Burnett was for
merly assistant business manager.
O' Tuel, a senior from Goldsboro,
is also a Morehead Scholar. In suc
ceeding Blanton as Publications
Board chairman, he is reclaiming
he position he held in three previ