y nk .
L ., '-J
DAVIS B. YOUNG
. . . editor
. . . associate editor
a o lizj IJa lia IJl ui T"u U L& ti
. . assistant editor
. . . co-managing editor
. . . co-news editor
NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION
FEB 2 5 19S0
Li u UU
V ! ' :
EDWARD NEAL RINER
. . . co-news editor
. business manager
By JOAN PINKERTON
Sixty-M'wn years ao the first issue of the Tar Heel appeared
on the L'NC campus. The university was small: 317 students, 23
trnchrrs, 10 buildings, 8 laboratories and museums, and a library
uf 30.000 volumes. From an advertisement in the first Tar Heel
there is a description of the courses of study offered by the Uni
versity, iiuludinsj a statement regarding the special and profession
id courses in Medicine. "The Medical School offers daily lectures
and requires students to dissect the human cadaver. Discipline is
linn but manly and self-respecting. There is no demerit system nor
espionage. Students are treated as gentlemen and expected to act
as gentlemen." President Winston.
In addition to academics at the University, there was a great
deal of interest in athletics, and football and baseball were the
only sports played at the time. During the fall of 1892 Carolina
had met Virginia for the first time in a football contest. The fact
that Carolina won may hae been the impetus needed for the
establishment of the Tar Heel as the official organ of the Athletic
Association, the slogan which the paper carried on its masthead
for 30 years. The Tar Heel developed into a weekly four-page issue,
12"xl8". ard was devoted to a glorification of University athletics.
The purpose, as stated in the first issue, was broad:
Issued every Thursday it will contain a summary of all occur
rences in the University and village of Chapel Hill ... A brief
account each week of the occurrences in the amateur athletic
world, with special attention to our own athletic interests . . .
All society news, personals and every subject of interest both
to the students and citizens of the village will be treated each
Throughout the issues of 1893 are found columns of news which
show a college environment not greatly changed in 67 years. Frater-
nities rrtot in their respective halls every Saturday night and funds
were allocated for repairs to Old and New East. There is even a
description of "The February Dance," ancestor to Germans:
That day it was the 7th the noon train brought several
of the angels from the west, and the night train brought another
heavenly choir from the capitol and our sister city, Durham.
When the band began with the opening strains of the "Dude's
March" the array of feminine grace and lovliness was enough
to satisfy the most optimistic dreamer, and those who had pre
dicted a "german of 3 couples" were silenced forever. From
10 o'clock until the wee small hours, youth and chivalry vied
with grace and beauty, and the mazy figures of the german ...
changed like the colors of some hugh kaleidoscope, and with
the ease and tact of a Beau Brummel he (Mr. W. B. Snow) lead
the Golden Pageant through memerious winding and fanciful
turns with a surpassing faultnessness. After the lingering, throb
bing strains of "Home, Sweet Home" had died away, the entire
company repaired to the University Inn where an elegant sup
per was served.
The early advertisements were carefully evaluated before being
inserted. The Tar Heel wanted advertisements, but qualified their
Each advertisement carries with it the recommendation of
the entire body of editors, which will have no little influence.
Advertisements from unknown parties will therefore be investi
gated before insertion . . . the editors mean to protect the stu
dents in so far as lies in its power. We do want advertisers (they
will be more than repaid by such advertising), but we only want
advertisements from reliable people.
Within a month's time of its appearance, the Tar Heel was
threatened with its first major crisis. In March of 1893 the non-fraternity
members of the board of editors resigned, criticizing the
alleged pro-fraternity stand of the paper. A rival paper was estab
lished called the "White and Blue." It stirred controversy with pass
ages such as:
Friends of the University, lovers of justice and right, the
White and Blue greets you. The Tar Heel is a publication con
trolled exclusively by fraternity men. . . . (We must) abolish
fraternities forever . . . (The White and Blue) calls upon reason,
justice, precedent, and trustees to abolish them.
The Tar Heel wisely maintained a moderate attitude and tried
to ignore its rival. Circulation increased, and the Tar Heel gradually
absorbed the dissenters and became a stronger paper. Volume I
of the Tar Heel closed May 18 with a thanks from the editors "for
the cordial reception accorded our little sheet."
Preparatory to becoming a daily paper, the Tar Heel appeared
on a tri weekly basis in 1925, and had increased in size to a six
column page which carried national advertising, and used pictures
frequently. In 1929, with the completion of a vast building program
on the campus, the Tar Heel became a daily. Walter Spearman, Pro
fessor of Journalism was editor at the time and remembers that
everyone was quite enthusiastic about the change, even though it
meant they had to work to find more advertising. Prof. Spearman
thinks the paper differs from year to year in the sense that it tends
to reflect the editor to a certain degree, but in other respects it
is much the same.
The paper continued to grow and in 1940 news coverage was
expanded to the international sphere with the addition of United
Press briefs. The 50th anniversary celebration in 1943 was quiet
and former editors and men in journalism had to decline invita
tions to attend ceremonies because of war work. Paper and labor
shortages prevented a large issue of commemoration from being
The paper has never really altered its original purpose, al
though the report of athletic events has ceased to be its prime func
tion. It has expanded in size and news coverage simultaneous to
the development of the University. The key employees in 1893 were
a Board of Editors, a chief and five subordinates, and the present
positions are a little more elaborately defined, but essentially the
same. The size of the page has nearly doubled, and advertisements
such as "B. King's Boarding House $3.50 per month" have consid
erably changed, but the Tar Heel continues to reflect Chapel Hill
and the University as objectively as possible, as Davis B. Young
stated when he became editor in April 1959.
The new editor will work hard towards achieving one goal
objectively. He will belong to no political party or partisan fac
tion, hoping instead that the Daily Tar Heel can be above par
tisan political fighting. During the next year this paper will be
an unbiased sounding board for ideas and commentary from
both the Student and University Parties.
Rain und somewhat colder to
day. High .1ft-1 1.
fii 1 i V i 1
C7 years of dedicated serrlee to
a better University, a better state
and a better nation by one of
America's great college papers,
ho$e motto states, "freedom of
expression is the backbone of an
VOLUME LXVIII, NO. 104
Complete VPi Wire Service
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1960
Offices in Graham Memorial
FOUR PAGES THIS ISSUE.
Society Of Janus Initiates
12 Members, 3 Honoraries
The Society of Janus initialed 12 ; ice in dorms and better study and
new members and three honorary social facilities."
ones in a midnight ceremony Wed- swag Grimsley "Outstanding
ne.xday night. i dorm president, greatly admired as
a champion fo dorm life improve
ment particularly in social activities."
James Kinney "Dedicated IDC
The Society of Janus, formerly
known as IDC Honorary Society,
honors industrious leadership and
distinctive service to dormitory
representative. Fearless crusader of
I quieter dormitories. Actively con
Cho.scn lor membership by the 10 j ctrntKl wUh dorm judiciai system."
existing mcmlKTs were the follow-1 ., ,.
, i Tom Me hi Conscientious par
ing with explanation of choice: I . . , . ,, . , . , f
n v ! icipant in all phases of dorm life.
Dave Alexander "Quiet and un-! 1'ast dorm president and present
assuming, but ever helpful and ex-1 IL)C representative. Shows constant
treinely competent. IDC member of ; active and constructive concern for
Ji-.tinction. Leader of the highest i dorm judicial processes."
scruple.-,, cmbued with yreat dormi
Bob Honlempo "Kneryetic and
able leader. Highly respected dorm
president who is largely responsi
ble for increased activity and in
ti iest in his odnn."
Tat Morgan "Dorm president
whose leadership is of singular qual
ity, whose efforts have been to se
cure a more satisfactory, social pro
gram for dorm men."
Jack Haper "Diligent worker
for intellectual development of dorm
i residents through personal guidance
Charlie (iray "A student body j and the establishment of dorm dis-pre-ident
whj refused to allow fra- j cussion groups."
lemal affiliation to keep him from Bill Sayers "IDC representa
being concerned wilh dorm men and the. active in dorm activities, hard
their problems. Helpful in hi-fi ban working volunteer on projects. Ex
remov.il. carrier current radio serv-' cellent student."
Pete Thompson "Dorm presi
dent whose service has not been
confined to his dorm. Outstanding
Bob Thompson "Tireless worker
and promoter of better dorm study
and living conditions. Promoter of
dorm improvements in Student Leg
islature." Tommy Williams "Outstanding
dorm resident and editor of The
Winstonian, dorm newspaper."
Arthur J. Beaumont "Campus
safety director who has in only one
year of service made great strides
in solving problems of fire and po
lice protection, traffic control and
discipline. Willing at any hour to
William G. Long "Administra-
! tion member who has given of his
time to the improvement of dorm
conditions. Genuine concern for
problems of dorm life and willing
ness to seek their solution."
James I'arker "Veteran dorm
custodian. Scrupulously honest. Dis-
! charges his duties with utmost effi
j ciency and has given of own time to
' perform countless extra services."
Freshman Forum Set To Hear
Daily Tar Heel Editor Young
The Freshman Forum in its sec
ond meeting of the new semester
YWCA Seeks Applicants
For Executive, Cabinet
Spots; School Slated
Girls interested in applying for
executive or cabinet positions in the
YWCA are asked to attend a Lead
ership Training School Monday,
February 29 and Thursday, March
3, in the Library Assembly Room
at 4:30 p.m.
These positions will be discussed
on both days and those interested
must attend on one of the days in
order to be eligible to hold a seat
on the Cabinet.
The executive council is made up
of the president, vice president,
recording and executive secretaries,
treasurer, membership chairman
and program chairman.
The Y cabinet is made up of chair
men of the various committees
which deal with community work,
public affairs and international relations.
tonight will feature as its "guest
speaker Daily Tar Heel editor Dav
Young will lead a discussion on
either campus, national, or politi
cal issues. The recent intensity of
political activity on campus caused
by the early election this year
makes campus politics the topic
likely to be considered by the group,
said Robin Britt, Freshman Forum
Young was regarded by many as
a likely candidate for Student Body
president before his announcement
that he would not run.
The Tar Heel editorship, almost
always previously held by seniors,
placed Young, a junior, in a unique
position in that he would be unable
to run both a campaign and man
age the paper, he said. Young has
agreed to answer questions regard
ing his personal views tonight.
The Forum will meet upstairs in
Lenoir Hall at 6:30 p.m. Plans for
a proposed series on drama pos
sibly will also be presented to the
Dr. Ira Reid
"Can the American University
become a vital factor in the
world political process?"
Yes, answered Dr. Ira Reid, one
of the country's leading social
scientists, in a talk "The World
Speaks to the Universities" last
night at Hill Hall.
Appearing as part of the Inter
national Emphasis Week here, the
sociologist discussed the Ameri
can educational system emphasiz
ing the lack of facilities for study
ing foreign cultures and lan
guages. Dr. Reid said that creative in
telligence and dynamic leadership
arising from pursuit of truth in
the University is the answer to
many of the world's problems.
"However," he added, ."this brings
a need for certain types of edu
cation only available in the Uni
versity." Dr. Reid has been professor of
sociology at Haverford College
since 1947. His trip here was
sponsored by the Carolina Forum.
Former University Head
Dr. Frank P. Graham returns to
his Alma Mater tonight for his first
visit in several years.
The former UXC president will
address the opening session of the
United Nations Model Assembly at
8 o'clock tonight in Memorial Hall
on the subject, "The U.N. in the
To Boost Chest Drive
Half-time entertainment at to
night's UXC - Virginia game will be
provided by the cheerleaders and i
band members to publicize the j
Campus Chest auction, which is de-!
signed to kick off the annual chari- j
ty drive at Carolina. j
The auction will be in Gerrard !
Hall next Tuesday at 8 p.m. and
precedes the start on March 2 of ;
the 1960 Campus Chest drive.
Kathy DuQuesnay, chairman of j
special events, said yesterday, "We
are very pleased w ith the unusual I
gifts which are being donated for
the auction and we hope to get many j
Donors may contact her at 8-9194.
-I'rvi euro I cnonl: fr-.r ttlf Ptltirp
student body when I say, "Welcome
back, Dr. Frank," Charlie Gray,
student boily president, said yes
terday. Dr. Graham served as president
of the Consolidated University from
1930 to 1949, when he was appointed
to the U. S. Senate. He served as
Senator until 1930, when he was de-.
feated in the primary by the late
Willis Smith, in what many observ
ers have called the closest political
contest ever waged in North Caro
lina. Currently serving as a United Na
tions mediator. Dr. Graham also
has served as the U. S. representa
tive on the Good Offices Committee
on Indonesia for the Security Coun
cil. In addition to his distinguished
career in the United Nations, Dr.
Graham has served on the Public
Hea'rings Commission of the Pres
idential Labor Management Confer
ence and the National Emergency
IIC Ud3 CU5U UfCIi ei.ctll Ilidll
of the National Advisory Council on
Social Security and as vice-chair-
(See FORMER UNIVERSITY, p. 3)
Daily Tar Heel Staff Members Join In Celebrating Paper s Birthday
- - J
, . . sports tditor
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' MARY ALICE ROWLETTE
. . . feature editor
. . advertisinq manaqer
C. J. UNDERWOOD
. . . assistant sports editor
, . . asst. ad. manager
. . Asst. to editor
. . . social chairman