68 years of dedicated serv
ice to a better University, a
better state and a better
nation by one of America's
areat college -pavers, whose
Scattered showers, warm
motto states, "freedom oJ
expression is the baccocme
o an academic community."
Volume LXIX, No. 105
Complete (UPI) Wire Service
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1961
Offices in Graham Memorial
Six Pages This Issue
i P. Kennedy
By United Press International
J. K. Javits
JAVITS PROPOSES PROGRAM
WASHINGTON Sen. Jacob K. Javits, R-N.Y., today pro
posed a five-year, $47 million "crash program" to combat ju
venile delinquency throughout the nation.
Javits announced he was introducing the legislation with
Sen. Jennings Randolph, D-Va., as co-sponsor. Javits offered
a similar bill last year but it died in the House.
HAMMARSKJOLD SUMMONS COMMITTEE
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Secretary General Dag Ham
marskjold summoned his advisory committee on the Congo
back for another meeting today to decide how to use the broad
new powers voted him by the Security Council.
His first direct action was expected to be a letter to Bel
gium and other countries involved calling on them to recall
immediately all military and para-military personnel, mercen
ary troops and political advisers in the Congo - not under the
United Nations command.
ENGINEERS CALL FOR MEETING
WASHINGTON Striking flight engineers called today for
another meeting with government officials before deciding
whether or not to end the most crippling walk in U. S. aviation
The engineers polled their individual chapters throughout
the night to decide whether to heed Labor Secretary Arthur
J. Goldberg's appeal to halt the strike while a special com
mission named by President Kennedy investigates causes of
Results of the poll were to have been announced at 10
a.m., but 30 minutes before the announcement was to be made,
a spokesman for the union said it was "impossible" to make it
on time. .
Series Starts Wtodziy
An illustrated discussion of "The Romantics and Ro
manticism" held tomorrow in the Ackland Art Center at
4:30 p.m. will begin the second part of the lecture series
sponsored jointly by the Art Department and the Depart
ment of Romance Languages.
Prepared by the Cultural History Research, Inc. of
New York, the sessions on "French Civilization as Re
ntegratiom Meeting Friday
fleeted in the Arts" attempt to
trace the main currents of
French cultural and historical
development through a com
parison of the arts and the his
tory o f various periods in
Colored slides accompany the
lectures, which are taped com
mentaries by leading French
Open io Public
Open to the public, the rest
of the series will include, "Real
ism and Its Time," March 2;
"Life and Arts under the Second
Empire," March 9; "Impres
sionists and Their Time," March
16; and "Cezanne, Van Gogh
and Gauguin," March 23.
April sessions concentrate on
"The Neo-Impressionists, the
Nabis and Their Time," April
6; "The Fauves and Their Time,"
April 13; and "The Cubists and
Their Time," April 20.
Final sessions are "The Sur
realists and Their Time," April
27, and "Non-Objective Art,"
USE NO ADS
HAVANA (UPI) Havana's
CMQ television network had no
commercials on its program
Wednesday as an "experiment
to test public reaction." The
government-owned network is
the island's largest.
The Citizens Committee for "Open" Movies will pre
sent results from its negotiations with the local theatre
managers at a mass meeting open to the public on Frir
day, 8 p.m. at St. Joseph's Methodist Church on W. Rose
mary Street. ..--
Representatives of the Committee will visit managers
of the Carolina and Varsity Theaters on Thursday to
present them with evidence of
desires for integration, and to
offer assistance in making a
change in policy. Answers to
these proposals will be taken
to the mass meeting Friday.
Original requests for the in
tegration of theaters was made
by the Citizens Committee on
January ISth, and refused by
the managers of both theaters.
The Carolina Theatre mana
ger stated that his decision was
not' irrevocable, and he would
be willing to talk with members
of the Committee at some fu
ture date if they desired. .
The Varsity Theatre manager
indicated he was not respon
sible for a decision, but would
be willing to confer again.
Picketing of both theaters
was resumed on Monday, Feb
ruary 6 and has continued. The
Committee reports approxi
mately 140 pickcters of both
races have volunteered.
Since picketing began again
the Citizens Committee claims
to have received numerous ex
pressions of support of integra
Included in the support were
requests of approximately 350
professors in a paid newspaper
advertisement, resolutions pass
ed by the Baptist Student Union,
and a letter signed by Junior
High School students of the
Further support was in the;
form of a letter from the Clerk
of the Friends' Meeting' in
Chapel Hill, a letter from the
officers of the Community
Church, and letters from 170
students of the Chapel Hill
High School requesting a
. A letter from the officers of
the Community Church passing
on the request of 159 worship
pers in a Sunday morning
Brotherhood Service, and a re
port from a housewife who can
vassed 26 houses in an opinion
poll also advocated integration.
Voice Of America
Show From UNC
A Voice of America radio pro
gram dealing with the Southern
integration problem (recorded in
Chapel Hill several weeks ago)
will be beamed across the world
early, next week.
UNC students Thai Elliott and
Walter Dellinger III participat
ed in the panel discussion en
titled "Listener's Log A Report
The program will be broad
cast to Latin America from 7:30-
8 p. rru Monday.
The following short wave
bands may be used for recep
tion in the Chapel Hill area:
KCS 17830 (16.83 meters), 15325
(19.58), ;15290 (19.62, 15200
(19.74) . and 11905 (22.20).
6 Segregation Dead, 9
Says UN C 's Grigg
"The desegregation question is no longer a question
of law," said Student Body President David Grigg, Wed
nesday afternoon. "It is rather a question of moral re
sponsibility." Grigg expressed his agreement essentially with the
aims of those practicing picketing and sit-ins, ig&rr: -w
but not their means. y
"I do not advocate picketing or sit-ins," he
UN. Report Fears
16 Prisoners SlioH
In Congo Re veil
ELISABETHVILLE, Katanga (UPI) The United
Nations Command said today it had reports that 16 po
litical prisoners were shot in Stanleyville Monday in re
prisal for the slayings of former Premier Patrice Lu
mumba and his followers.
A U.N. spokesman said that while he was "fearful
for the fate" of the prisoners, he could not confirm the
reports that they had been
Bishop To Speak
-The Rt. Rev. StcphenC NeiU
will address UNC religion classes
of Dr. Bernard Boyd Monday
on "Christian and Current
Currently connected with the
World Council of Churches,
Bishop NeiU is now editor-in-chief
of the World Christian
As an evangelist, Bishop Neill
has been most successful in his
missions to stuaents. ne was
chaplain at Cambridge and has
traveled on missions to the Uni
ted States, Europe, and other
Bishop Neill was a leader
in tne creation oi tne cnurcn
of South India.. This church is
a union of Anglican, Congrega
tional, Methodist, Presbyterian,
and other denominations. This
was the first merger between
the three major forms of church
polity: congregational, presby
terian, and episcopal.
stated. "My hope is rather that reasonable men t
will come to the front on both sides of this ques
tion, and that we will find a peaceful solution
to the problem.
"Segregation is dead," Grigg continued. "If we
(the students) are sincerely concerned with the
future of the South, we will do all that we can
do to see to it that desegregation comes smooth
ly and peacefully."
According to Grigg, "If there
is anywhere, in the South where
desegregation should be able to
come without incident, it is in
execution of seven Lumumba
supporters on tne orders oi
yK G-wn4Vi Vicii i-iVvol rVi?o-fc
4 lJUUill iUOUi bXXIwTUA Winv-iUt
I sit. '
killed by Lumumbists at Stan
leyville's Camp Ketele.
The reports said the victims
included 10 parliamentarians
? and six army officers, allegedly
y liquidated in reprisal for the
Chapel Hill, N. C.
. "Therefore, we should work
to make Chapel Hill a model of
smooth, peaceful desegregation
for others to follow.
Amone those reported shot
' urnro 5en Alnhnnsp Rrm PTkln anrl
Gilbert Pongo, former security
chief under President Joseph
Katanga President M o i s e
Tshombe said meanwhile that
his troops will not attack U.N.
forces, but he warned people in
15 From Carolina Attendinj
UN Model Assembly Today
Fifteen Carolina students will form three delegations when the United Nations
Model General Assembly convenes this morning at 10 at Duke University.
Carolina students will act as USSR, Union of South Africa and Republic of Pana
ma. The assembly, which continues through Saturday, will include approximately 32
schools representing 39 countries.
Frederick Boland, president of the UN General Assembly and Dr. Arthur Larson,
director of the World Rule of Law Center at Duke, will deliver the two major ad
dresses- of the assembly
his "independent" province to
be "prepared for all eventuali
ties." The U.N. spokesman said the
organization had not taken any
special action following Tsh
ombe's proclamation Tuesday
of a general mobilization,
"It is just a statement and we
have not officially been in
formed of it," the spokesman
Informed sources said the
"mobilization" order, affecting
both Negroes and white men in
Katanga, was intended to pre
vent the United Nations from
forcing Belgian technicians out
of Tshombe's territory.
Any Belgian who is ordered
home, these sources said, can
reply that the mobilization
makes it impossible for him to
''Ambassador Boland "will
spetak tonight at 8: 15 in Page
Auditorium and Dr. Larson at
11 a.m. tomorrow. Speeches
will be open to the public.
Fred Anderson heads the So
viet delegation which includes
Walter Dellinger, Jimmy Res
ton, Henry Mayer and Carrol
Although Anderson is keeping
the Soviet plans confidential, he
has announced that the group
will "woo" the neutral nations
with an informal party Thurs
The South African delegation
will be headed by Dieter
Mahncke, a South African stu
dent at Carolina.
Jim Wagner, Anne Sweeney,
Jane Smith and Bob Powell will
serve as delegation members
with Diane Gates and Sandy
Hoffman as alternates.
Al JVIattlins will head the
Panamanian delegation consist
ing of Carol Krapf, Claire Stod
dard, Sam Jackson and Kay
Slaughter. Anne Queen, YWCA
adviser, will accompany the
Each delegate will serve on
one of five committees in which
the issues of the assembly will
Committees and issues are as
Legal control of outer space
and use of air and national
sovereignty; social, humani
tarian, and cultural race rela
tions in Union of South Africa,
self-determination and non-self-governing
Political and security status
of Berlin and the Algerian
crisis; Economic and financial
development of the Congo and
world refugee problem; Ad hoc
World Court jurisdiction and
To Write Resolutions
After the issues have been
discussed the committees will
draw up resolutions to present
to the assembly in plenary ses
To encourage accurate repre
sentation of the countries, an
award will be presented to the
most outstanding delegation.
Among the schools participat
ing and the nations represented
are U. S. Military Academy for
France; U. S. Naval Academy,
Turkey; Sweet Brier, Mexico;
A&T, Tunisia; Madison College
in Virginia, Laos;
St. Augustine, Pakistan; Uni
versity of Virginia, Ireland;
Wake Forest, United Arab Re
public; U. S. Air Force Acad
emy, U.S.A.; University of
South Carolina, Dominican Republic.
Interviews for editor and bus
iness manager of the Carolina
Handbook will be Tuesday, 3-6
p. m. in Graham Memorial.
All applicants should come to
the Roland Parker I lounge dur
ing the interviewing hours. No
appointment is necessary.
The interviews will be con
ducted by the Selections Board
of the Publications Board,
Chairman Rick Overstreet an
nounced. Published by student govern
ment each spring, the Carolina
Handbook is the guide book
dents freshmen and transfers.
GIRLS' BAND TO MARCH
DUBLIN (UPI) A Dublin
girls' pipe band will march
down Fifth Avenue in New
York's St. Patrick's Day parade
for the first time this year. The
Emerald Girls' Pipe Band will
march behind the 69th Division
at the head of the parade.
BY JONATHAN YARDLEY
If there is anyone at this University who needs a bigger
office, it is Earl Wynn, chairman of the Department of Radio,
Television and Motion Pictures.
This is evident not merely because Mr. Wynn is a large
man who likes to stretch his legs and relax; his tiny cubicle
in ancient Swain Hall is filled to the brim with pamphlets,
books, framed citations and tape recordings. If he isn't given
more room soon, he may be forced to move his headquarters
into one of the studios.
A visitor to the office is likely to see Mr. Wynn poring
over a report on developments in education television, smok
ing one of the sixty or seventy cigarettes he demolishes daily.
He speaks with fervent devotion of the Communications
Center that has been his love since he returned to Chapel
Hill in 1946 after an assignment making training films for
"It suddenly occurred to me when I was making these
films," he said, "that the University should have a produc
tion media for delivering information to the people of North
Carolina. I talked with Billy Carmichael and Sam Selden and
Frank Graham when I got . out of the Navy, and their en
thusiasm made the Communications Center possible. We called
it that because its mission is to carry the University of North
Carolina to the people of North Carolina.
"This mission is non-academic. It is educational, not only
on a secondary and collegiate level but also on an adult level.
That's why we carry programs pn WUNC-TV like 'Meet the
Press' and 'Chet Huntley Reporting.' We used to be quite a
lot stronger in motion pictures than we are now, but then we
began to channel those motion picture activities into televi
sion. We're on our way back now, and we've done quite well
in the past. Here. I'll show you."
Mr. Wynn jumped out of his chair and examined the ten
various certificates on the wall, most of which cite the work
of the Communications Center in different fields. He pointed
to one that cited the Center's work in motion pictures.
One of the subjects that the enthusiastic, volatile chair-
TVMP's Earl Wynn, Carolina Personality O
man gets most excited about is closed circuit teaching, an ex
periment he hopes to put into action soon.
"I think that a university has a responsibility to experi
ment in programming. For that reason, we have an obliga
tion to find out what closed circuit teaching can and cannot
"We would pick out certain of the disciplines whose pro
grams seem suited to television and sec, consequently, if we
can't teach larger numbers in smaller groups. Just think of
the advantages! It occurs to mc that Political Science 41 has
a great many sections. It cannot draw on its best faculty for
each section, but television can get the best teacher and ask
him to teach only that in which he is best; you could have
four or five teachers discussing their specialties, and thus get
the best teaching available on television.
"Yes, we do know that you can teach as well on televi
sion if not considerably better. The student gets a clear pic
ture of the instructor; he certainly can't get that in a lecture
room with three or four hundred other students. Directness
of teaching is of extreme importance, and when the teacher
looks that lens right in the eye he is looking each student
right in the eye. But in the end, of course, it is the quality of
instruction that determines the quality of the teaching, and
we would demand that."
A glimmer of excitement came into Mr. Wynn's eyes as
he reached for another cigarette.
"I'll tell you something wonderful that's in the wind.
The Ford Foundation gave WGBII the Boston educational
radio station a grant to investigate whether or not Mego
polis (the heavily populated urban area stretching from Bos
ton to Norfolk and west) would be interested in a networked
FM educational radio system. .
"The study was favorable, and now the network has
been worked out from Boston to Washington. This week I
am going to Lynchburg to discuss with my friend Cile Tur
ner the singer and some citizens of that town the possi
bility of extending this network to Lynchburg. If they agree
to this and I believe they will Chapel Hill can expect to
have network service within a year and a half. And if that
comes true, we will be able not only to receive programs but
also to send them out.
"It also seems that within about three years the Ford
Foundation plans to multiplex the network. That is, each sta
tion would have three channels for educational purposes. So
we could broadcast, say, to high school students, to college
-. .v.xv.v. , .-.y. . h. ft
RTVMP's Earl Wynn
students and to adults all at the same time on different fre
quencies. This has great possibilities."
As he talked of educational radio and television, Mr.
Wynn's enthusiasm was undisguised. On commercial mass
media, however, his excitement waned noticeably.
"Radio has become much more local than network now:
NBC's 'Monitor' is the only national show that is carried
everywhere and listened to regularly. You see, what worries
me is that radio has become not a property for community
service but to be bought and sold solely to earn profit. I don't
think many owners have any real feeling for what the FCC
calls 'in the public interest, convenience and necessity.' But
the FCC is aware of this, and changes will be made. One
suggestion is that a new buyer must keep a station for at
least three years. That way he cannot be in it just for the
quick profit; in three years he can lose a lot of money unless
he serves the public.
"I mean service in terms of the public's needs . . . it's
religious needs, welfare needs, educational needs and enter
tainment needs. Radio and television must be entrenched
in the community. And I do not think television is meeting
its responsibility either. But then I do not believe a lot of
these things I hear about violence and so forth in children's
"Why when I was a child I read 'Jack and the Beanstalk'
and 'Treasure Island' and so forth; those books are loaded
with violence! We should face the fact that human beings
thrive on violence. But this violence can and must be con
trolled. "Very simply, it can be said that commercial radio and
television are facing the challenge of educational networks
and stations. The challenge is making commercial networks
wake up. Why else are we seeing so many good things these
days like the plays and news broadcasts and documentaries?
And 'The Wizard of Oz.' Did you see that? It was wonder
ful! As long as programs like that are being done, there is a
great deal of hope for the mass media."
I i -t
1 l ; !