Il'lllj far Pag Two THE DAILY TARHEEL Wednesday,; April-. 19, IOC t BILL HOBBS atlp Cat Toys In The Attic II is sixty-eighth year of editorial freedom, unhampered by restrictions t frort either the administration or the student body. i The DAnvr Tar Heel, is the official student publication of the Publica- tions Board of the University of North Carolina. Richard Overstreet, Chairman. jj All editorials appearing in The Daily Tar Heel are the personal expres- sions of the editor, unless otherwise credited; they are not necessarily represen- ff 'tatiie of feeling on the staff t and all reprints or quotations must specify thus. I April 19, 1961 Volume LXIX, Number 142 f.. Students Are Urged To Register For Upcoming Municipal Election Saturday, April 22, is the last remaining day to register for the Chapel Hill municipal elections. All those who can qualify as resi dents of Chapel Hill are eligible to vote in the contest for Mayor, Board of Alderman, and School Board members. We urge every student who feels that he has a legitimate claim to residency to attempt to register. Although the majority of students have no such claim, there are some who do by virtue of tax payment, local licenses and perma nent residence. Residents of Vic tory Village do not qualify as per manent residents, generally, and will not be able to vote in the con tests for Mayor and Board of Alder men. Some Village residents, how ever, have children of school age and are particularly urged to at tempt to register for the school board elections. It should be emphasized that having voted in the 1960 General Elections does not qualfiy a voter to cast his ballot in the local elec tion. It is neecssary to re-register, at Woollen Gymnasium, for this election. Many students will not end their stay in Chapel Hill upon gradua tion, choosing to become perma nent residents. All of these have a valid reason for desiring to vote in the local election, and should not be discouraged from attempting to register, regardless of pressure to do otherwise. Others those who are in Chapel Hill only because they are students and for no other reason should not try to register. The Road To Adequate Education Sterling M. McMurrin, new U.S. Commissioner of Education, said at his first news conference that education in American schools is "lax" and "flabby." The new education head sug gested a general upgrading through state and federal effort. He be lieves that education at present is too easy and that educational pro-. Judging from Commissioner Mc Murrin's views on education, it looks as if he has been doing some field work at Carolina the aca demic situation here underscores his views. With the exception of a few de partmentsnotably the German and Chemistry Departments the standards are so low that most students can-get a "C" by doing little more than attending class and lethargically grinding out as signments. Few students are stretched to anywhere near their capabilities. Professors and again there are exceptions give uninspired lec tures, "talking down" to students rather than forcing them to think, to study and to discover. The stu dents themselves are for the most part bored, disinterested and com pletely unwilling to put out un necessary effort until final exams force a crash program of cram ming. The grading system at Carolina exemplifies just what Commis sioner McMurrin meant when he called American education "soft." The average grade of "C" is too easy to obtain. The way the grading system Sip Baitg Ckrr pctl i i II WAYNE KING Editor Lloyd Little Executive Editor Margaret Attn Rhymes Associate Editor Jim Clotfelter, Biu. IIoebs News Editors &7SAie Lewis. feature Editor II tftKY w. Lloyd. Snorts Editor Croat Ways Asst. Sports Editor John Justice, Davis Young Conutributing Editors Tim Burnett Business Manager Richard Weineh Advertising Manager Josn Jester Circulation Manager Charles Whedbzb. Subscription Manager The Datly Tab Hefl is published daily except Monday, examination periods and vacations. It is entered as second ed bss matter in the post office in Chapel Hill. N. C- pursuant with fee act of &:arch 8. 1870. Subscription rates: $4 par semester, $7 per year. The Daily Tar Heel is a subscriber to the. United Press International . and u uiizes the services of the News Bu ruau of the University of North Caro lina. Published by the . Colonial Press, unapei am, in. t;. ...... now stands, the grade of "C" does not represent a minimum standard of scholastic attainment, . it merely represents the grade that profes sors seem to feel most students should obtain. And most students actually are able to attain it be cause the course is designed so that most of them will fall into the "C" stratum. Many educators blame the low standards of excellence in high schools for the correspondingly low level in colleges such as Caro lina. It is impossible, they main tain, for a college to raise its standards without making the work too difficultTfor students who come to college with inadequate high school backgrounds. Does this mean that because we come out of high school as com parative idiots, we must leave col lege tho same way? If Carolina wants to raise her standards, she cannot afford to wait for the state's high schools to pave the way. If our administration wants to produce well-educated graduates, it cannot expect the high schools to do most of the work beforehand. If a tightening-up of academic standards is ever to be accom plished, colleges such as Carolina must take the lead, forcing high schools to follow suit or have their applicants rejected. Requirements for entrance must be made more stringent, eliminat ing those who are academically deficient, or who do not display the potential necessary for adequate achievement. At the same time, departments within the University must make the grade of "C" one which reflects this achievement, not one which "most students should get." It's the only way education will cease to be "soft" and "flabby.' I II II i P B m All women are mothers of great men it isn't their fault if life dis appoints them later. Boris Paster nak A mother is the strongest edu cator, either for or against crime. Mary Baker Eddy No language can express the power and beauty and heroism and majesty of a mother's love. Edwin Hubbell Chapin Men are what their mothers made them. Ralph Waldo Emerson t hmmJf III wW&im. Si- 1 X. f i Mr 7 STUDENT GOVERNMENT REPORTS: Entertainment Group Set Up IN ADDITION TO THE Uni versity Entertainment Committee, a Student Entertainment Board was established by recent action of the Student Legislature. The purpose of the Board will be to coordinate activities among the various groups bringing en tertainment to the campus in an' effort to prevent conflicts of date and place. The Board is to be composed of one representative each from the University Entertainment Com mittee, the Graham Memorial Ac tivities Board, the Men's Inter dormitory Council, the Germans Club, and the Senior Class Cabi net. The Board will meet at least or.ce every four weeks, and its decisions will be of a suggestive rather than a mandatory nature. TWO OTHER ACTS of the Stu dent Legislature in recent weeks merit comment. The first is the appropriation by the Legislature of $189 to the Victory Village Board of Aldermen for the, pur chase of playground equipment. The University administration had fenced in an area to serve as a playground for the Village but had been unable to furnish further funds to equip the play ground. The Board of Aldermen came to Student Government as a re sult, and we were very glad to be able to help them out as best we could, feeling that this is the area of the campus that, as a general rule, probably benefits least from our efforts. The second noteworthy action by the Student Legislature con cerned the use of interest ac cumulating from the $5,000 worth of United States securities owned by Student Government as a re sult of an investment of idle funds last year. BY ACT OF the Legislature, this money will henceforth be placed in a Student Government Scholarship Fund. The Orientation Committee has been hard at work preparing for next fall's efforts. Al Pollard is serving as men's orientation chairman, and Sara Jo Allen is serving as women's chairman. MEMBERS OF THE Commit tee on State Affairs have made numerous trips to Haleigh in re cent weeks as a part of their ef forts on behalf of the University's budget requests. In February, Student Govern ment served as host for an after noon to a group of eleven stu dent leaders from nine Brazilian universities. FROM MARCH 11 to 14, Stu dent Government served as host to a foreign student from Nigeria who is currently enrolled at Friends University in Wichita, Kansas. The student, Victor Olo- runsolo, had expressed an inter est in visiting a southern univer sity and had been placed in con tact with President Grigg by a woman with whom he had visit ed during his Christmas vacation. During his stay here, President Grigg and Presidential Assistant Whichard attempted insofar as possible to expose him to a cross section southern life, both in side and outside the university community. Included in the program for Victor's visit were trips through various Negro and white sections of Durham, a tour of the Ches terfield factory, a trip to the Capi tol Building in Raleigh, attend ance at the ACC indoor track meet, and a get-together with foreign students, Negro students, and a group of student leaders at the home of Anne Queen. We attempted to show him both the darkest and the brightest sides of the race problem in the South, and he seemed to be im pressed favorably by the im proving conditions which he saw. Special thanks should go to Jim Scott, head resident advisor in Cobb Dormitory, with whom Vic tor stayed during his visit. FROM MARCH 29 to 31, the National Student Association sponsored a conference in Wash ington to discuss President Ken nedy's proposed Peace Corps. President Grigg appointed Peter von Christierson, Tom Orr, and Ed Riner to represent UNC at the meetings. Hank Patterson, campus NSA coordinator and international af fairs vice-chairman for the Caro-linas-Virginia Region, Sjamsoed dini Wongsoharsono, and Swag Grimsley, all of UNC, also at tended. . The International Students' Board, which has been chaired this year by Johnny Clinard, is planning , a two-day symposium on international affairs for April 12 and 13.' Speakers for the symposium are George Allen, former head of the USIA, and MacLeod Bry an, recently appointed by Presi dent Kennedy to head the pro posed Peace Corps in Africa. These programs are being co sponsored by the Carolina Forum. On April 14, the Board will co sponsor an international dinner with the Cosmopolitan Club. ANOTHER COMING EVENT that should be mentioned is the Religious Forum that is being planned for next year. The forum is being co-sponsored by Student Government and the campus YM YWCA, and the committee plan ning the event , is being chaired by the Presidential Assistant. The committee has been meet ing all year to discuss topics, speakers, etcetera. Current plans are to have the forum next Feb ruary on some aspect of the topic of organized religion. Outstanding representatives of Protestantism, Catholicism, and Judaism have been invited. As a prelude to the forum, Dr. Martin E. Marty, associate editor of The Christian Century and author of the book, The New Shape of American, Religion, will appear here on May 8 to speak on the topic, "The Decline of Protes tantism in America." The event is being sponsored by the Caro lina Forum. The committee planning the forum has profited greatly from the assistance and advice of Anne Queen of the YM-YWCA and Dr. S. S. Hill Jr., of the Department of Religion. STUDENT GOVERNMENT elections were held on March 21, and the top offices were cap tured by the Student Party can didates. Bill Harriss, former Stu dent Party Chairman, was elect ed President; Hank Patterson, campus NSA Co-ordinator, was elected Vice-President; and Mary Townsend, who served on the Student Government secretariat this year, was elected Secretary. Pete Thompson, - Chairman of the Audit Board and of the Fi nance Committee of the Student Legislature, was endorsed by both parties and unopposed for Treasurer. To each of these, we, the old officers and appointees, extend our heartiest congratulations and best wishes for a successful year. At the same time, each of the new officers should be reminded at the outset that his job, while very rewarding, often involves time - consuming, tiring, and thankless tasks. SINCE THIS WILL be my last report as assistant to President Grigg, I would like to take this opportunity to thank each of you with whom I have worked this year. First and foremost, my heartfelt appreciation goes to David Grigg himself, for work ing under a President so capable and sincerely devoted to his job has been an experience that I shall never forget nor cease to profit from. I can only hope that my serv . ice to him has repaid him in part for what my association with him has meant to me. To Bob Sevier, Judy Alber gotti, Jimmy Smalley, Miss Staples, the committee chairmen and members with whom I have worked, and to those members of the administration with whom I have been associated. I can only say thank you for all that your friendship has meant to me and for all that you have done to help to build a more wholesome, self governing student community. Respectfully submitted, BILL WHICHARD, Presidential Assistant. Conscience MusS Be Suffering THE CONSCIENCE of a conservative must suffer from a great deal of confusion, if Sen. Barry Goldwater's book, The Conscience of a Conservative, is any true guide in the matter. Goldwater, America's leading conservative, is an increasingly popular person among US. college students. When one considers what Goldwater advocates, his popularity is hard to understand. The cornerstone of our foreign policy, says Goldwater, should bo the view "that we would rather die than lose our freedom. . . . We want to stay alive, of course; but more than that we want to be free." - And students applaud, not pausing to wonder exactly what kind of freedom they could enjoy while their corpses were rotting from nuclear radiation. THIS IS BUT one of several outstanding contradictions in Gold water's political philosophy. None of these contradictions are on minor points; they are all important, and they could all lead to dis aster. In the beginning of Goldwater's best-selling book he emphasizes the principle that every man is a unique individual. He writes against the system of government which suppresses this uniqueness rather than cultivates it. Many of his attacks on current U.S. domestic policies and he attacks most of them from this standpoint are very persuasive and lucid. In spite of this, one weaned on federal aid programs and grad uated income taxes finds it hard to swallow Mr. Goldwater's views whole. HOWEVER, MASS MENTAL regurgitation of the whole mess en sues when one reaches the lump of Goldwater's foreign policy. It is much akin to finding a dead mouse in one's milk. As we have said, the basis of Goldwater's foreign policy is that we shpuld rather die than lose our freedom. Apparently Goldwater's professed belief that "man's most sacred possession in his individual soul" is not as firm as he would have us believe. He feels that "man's most sacred possession" could be taken from him by a Communist government. This does not speak very well 'for Goldwater's trust in people. More important, it does not speak very well for people's trust in Goldwater. AMERICA'S AVOWED PURPOSE, says Goldwater, should be victory over "Communism, not peace. He fails to say what this victory would involve. Would it involve the atomic extermination of all Communists, or an economic blockade around all Communist countries? If so, what would Mr. Goldwater say about his 'cherished belief that "each member of the species is a unique creature?" Would he, like the pig in Animal Farm, modify his belief to the effect that "Each member of the species is a unique character, but some are more unique than others?" Or would he carefully explain, with the persuasive lucidity for which he is known, that Communists are not members of the species? OF COURSE, Mr. Goldwater's victory might not involve the ex termination or economic enslavement of all Communists. He could pursue solutions similar to those which were so eminently successful after the first and second world wars. - And then, thirty years from now, another Mr. Goldwater could rise to arm the country against the totalitarian state currently sweep ing the world. There is, naturally, no need to consider what victory over Com munism would entail if a nuclear war should occur. Then the re maining Americans can simply all get together for a happy victory celebration and stay drunk until the radiation gets them. Mr. Goldwater would probably like about ten million arid mar tinis. ASIDE FROM THE distinct possibility of nuclear war, Gold water's policies present another prospect which is both disastrous in itself and disastrous to Goldwater's political philosophy: America in a state of war. Goldwater would withdraw diplomatic recognition of Russia, cease negotiations with . Communists, increase America's armed might more than it is already being increased, generally take a vigorous offensive against Communism. He would put America in an active state of war. " What would this state of war involve? Naturally, increased centralization of government, increased economic production, in creased armaments. The people would be even more dependent on the government than they now are. A country in a state of war cannot wait for people to act alone. Federal programs must make them act, and increased taxes must support the federal programs. AND WHAT WOULD things be like when the war was over, as suming that there would be things when the war was over? Ap parently it would be a long war, since Goldwater stresses the Soviet might and determination. Will it be easy to simply shrug off the long-time dependance on government? Or will this attitude which Goldwater so vigorously opposes be even more firmly entrenched in people's minds? Can this be the policy of the same Barry Goldwater who is so opposed to people's dependence on government, to high taxes, to fed eral programs? If it is the same man, there would seem to be some thing wrong with him. Furthermore, there would seem to be something wrong with the people who support him. Chapel Hill A per Dark With Davis B. Young 5 i During the past few weeks, we became increasingly disturbed by all the hub-bub being made about the Valkyrie Sing by so rorities. It's probably none of our business, and we'll certainly be told this several times today; but it seems these organizations could spend their spare hours on more fruitful and constructive activities. It proves little more than you can get a large group of girls together at a regular practice, with a threat of fines hanging over their attractive heads, to sing or act in the name of sorority X . . . "rip 'em up, tear 'em up, give 'em hell, house." Lots of people have been com ing to this columnist asking what is Homer Tomlinson really like? The King of the World, and the University of North Caro lina, is a very nice gentleman. We know; we spent four hours with him on Friday. There is no question pertaining to his sin cerity. He means what he says. That some of us doubt his mes sage, is our right. That some of us are rude and throw eggs at this guy proves UNC has its fair share of real slobs. We don't swallow his words, nor did most of you. But to sink to the depths of disrespect and compound whatever felony was already there cannot be excused. Either grow up or stay in your dorm room, but please don't make a public display of your insuffi cient upbringing. jlffl ilttjii ft ..f"L IIHii. OnrtTl .fl.Llu fc. irSi T ili ih A A .11.1 , Lfcjh-AfckWl C

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