Chapel" Hill, Wlus Scales
See Edits, Page Two
Continued fair, warmer
Offices in Graham Memorial
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1962
Complete UPI Wire Servica
Race With Nixon
LOS ANGELES (UPI) Good
win J. Knight, confined to bed for
two months with hepatitis, Tues
day withdrew "with great reluc
tance" as a candidate for the Re
publican nomination for Governor
of California on the advice of his
Knight was regarded as the No.
1 opponent in the primary against
former Vice President Richard M. j
Nixon. Nixon still must face the
challenge of former Lt. Gov. Har
old .1. Powers and assembly lead
er Joseph Shell.
Kniciifs decision not to seek the
office he formerly held came with
in a half hour after Dr. Carl W.
Lund examined him Tuesday after
noon. Acting campaign manager
Robert Voi.qt said the doctor ad
vised him if he suffered a relapse
during the campaign, "it would be
worse than the original attack snd
he might be out for six months."
"It is with the greatest reluc
tance that I now follow the advice
of my doctor," Knight, 65, said in
a prepared statement.
"I shall not file as a candidate
for governor in March," he con
tinued. "This reluctance is inspired
by the sincere devotion and friend-
ship of many Californians whOjB.A. and M.Ed, degrees. He re
have so unselfishly supported me ; ceived a Ph.D. degree in 1958 from
for governor of California." I George Peabody College.
By United Press International
Dominicans Shoot At Opposition
SANTOS DOMINGO, Dominican Republic Infantrymen on the lead
tank of a five-tank column opened fire with sidearms Tuesday on
opposition demontrations in independence park.
First indications were that they killed at least four persons and
wounded many others. More than 10 opposition members were in the
park listening to National Civic Union demands for the immediate
ouster of President Joaquin Balaguer.
This correspondent stood less than a block away as the bullets mow
ed down civilians fleeing through the park. It was hard to determine
casualties immediately but there were numerous persons lying on the
At least four persons appeared dead. They were lying in pools of
blood. Others, wounded, were hdped from the scene and taken to
various clinics and hospitals.
Tanks Withdrawn In Berlin
BERLIN The U. S. Army Tuesday withdrew tanks and armored
cars from the East-West Berlin border area to what it called better
positions about a mile back. At the same time, the Russians stepped
up patrols along the 25-mile anti-refugee wall.
The U. S. force of some ten tanks and five armored cars began
withdrawing "to improve the dispositions of the U. S. forces in the
American sector," an Army statement said.
The armored force had been half mile from ''Checkpoint Charlie"
at the Friedrichstrasse border crossing point. It took up new positions
Tuesday at Tempelhof Air Base, about a mile and one half from the
Slcnnis Promises Full Inquiry
WASHINGTON Chairman John C. Stennis declared on Tuesday
that his special Senate subcommittee will spare no government de
partment and no individual in its inquiry into alleged suppression of
anti-communist views of military officers.
The Mississippi Democrat stressed, however, that military officers
in alerting their men to the menace of communism, must avoid "parti
san politics. Stennis discussed the forthcoming study by a special
armed services subcommittee in a letter to constituents.
He promised to "get all the real facts" in the hearings which start
Jan. 23, "letting the chips fall where they might." He said he was
told Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara that the hearing will
be exhaustive "with nothing held back."
Adoula Makes Massacre Charge
LEOPOLD VILLE, The Congo Congo Premier Cyrille Adoula said
Tuesday he has received reports that troops loyal to Communist-leaning
Antoine Gizenga have massacred 11 white missionaries and 7 'Afri
can Roman Catholic nuns.
Adoula also announced that he has fired Gizenga, the dissident
Stanleyville strongman, as vice premier of the Central Congolese gov
ernment. His action- fallowed parliment's censure of Gizenga for not
answering charges of abuse of power.
"Gambling Pays For Other Crimes"
WASHINGTON Prostitution, narcotics, corruption of public officials
and other organized crime are financed in part by "immense pro
fits, of gambling Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy told Congress Tues
day. Testifying at a standing-room only hearing, Kennedy urged the
House. Commerce Committee to approve a bill that would make it
illegal to ship across state lines roulette wheels, pinball machines
used for cash payoffs and other gambling devices.
Two pinball machines, one for gambling and one for amusement
were set up behind the witness chair to show committee members
Davis Named NEA
O. L. Davis Jr., associate direct
or of the Fifth Year Program in
Teacher Education of the UNC
School of Education, has been chos
en to serve as an adviser to the
Educational Policies Commission
of the National Education Associa
tion. In addition to advice and consult
ant, Dr. Davis' duties will include
the preparation of studies and
policy statements. He will serve
with the commission for three
The Educational Policies Com
mission, created in 1935, has been
considered as the unofficial policy
spokesman for American education
although its statements are not
sponsored or approved by any or
ganization, according to Dr. Davis.
Among those figures who have
served on the commission are
former President Dwight D. Eisen
hower. Paul Mort. George Strayer,
Ralph Bunche, and Alexander Stod
dard. Current members of the
commission include educators Jam
es B. Conant and Benjamin C. Will
is, superintendent of schools in
Prior to his appointment at the
University in I960, Dr. Davis was
an associate secretary of the
NEA's Association for Supervision
and Curriculum Development. 1958
60. Dr. Davis attended North Texas
State College where he received
. - si V . J S
. i I i i
O. L. Davis
Dutch Claim 50
HOLLONDIA, Dutch New
Guinea ( UPI ) The Dutch govern
ment said Tuesday that 50 Indo
nesians seized after a naval bat
tle Monday night would be held
as prisoners of war.
The Dutch, in quick reaction to
what they termed an invasion
attempt by the Indonesians; or
dered a bolstering of this colony's
defenses and extended the serv
ice periods of troops currently
stationed on this disputed territory.
In Jakarta, U. S. Ambassador
Howard P. Jones met with Indo
nesian Foreign Minister Subandrio
in the wake of the naval clash off
New Guinea in which Indonesian
authorities said, one Indonesian
navy vessel was sunk and another
abandoned after it was set afire
by Dutch warships.
Warns Against Conflict "
Jones was believed to have cau
tioned Subandrie against armed
conflict and urged the Indonesians
instead to seek a peaceful set
tlement of Indonesia's claim to
Dutch-held West New Guinea.
An official Indonesian navy an
nouncement accused the Dutch of
starting the clash without warning.
Army spokesman Lt. Col. Sun-
jaro said the Dutch action in firing
on the ships was a "challenge"
and a "provication to war."
Observers in Jakarta feared the
clash might incite President Suk
arno to retaliate militarily, either
by sea or air strikes, against Dutch
positions in New Guinea, thus
touching off fighting that could ser
iously endanger the stability of the
southeast Asian area.
The government information of
fice spokesman in Hollandia said
the 50 captured Indonesians were
(Continued on Page 3)
w.'. v.--".'.X- v. v.
The American Field Service
will have a dinner meeting in Len
oir Hall at 6 p.m. on Thursday
The Carolina Women's Council
will meet Wednesday night at 6:30
in the Grail Room of Graham Memorial.
yerly Assesses Virginia's Governor;
By JOE DcBLASIO
Assistant Professors Ken Byerly
of the School of Journalism stated
that the "Byrd Machine" in Vir
ginia does not really exist as it is
conceived presently in the public's
Mr. Bycrly was discusing the re
cent campaign and inauguration of
the new governor of Virginia, Al
bertis S. Harrison, Jr. The journa
lism professor was director of pub
licity for Governor Harrison dur
ing the primary this summer.
"The Byrd Machine is not really
a machine it is a fraternity." said
Mr. Bycrly. "Most of the public
visualizes the machine as a group
of old men who control all of Vir
ginia politics. This is not so. This
recent election was not controlled
3 UNC Students
Defy Old Legend;
Don't Find Devil
"You guys can sleep if you want
to," said UNC freshman Donald
Day, "But if anything moves, I
want to see it."
This is how Day and two other
UNC students began an all night
watch Monday night a watch for
Their watch was held at the
"Devil's Tramping Ground" where,
according to legend, the Devil
comes each night to meditate. The
legend also says that no one has
ever spent a whole night there be
fore. Monday night, however, the Dev
il apparently didn't show up.
"It really disappointed us," said
Jim Singletary. "because I don't
think we scared him away. I think
someone is pulling a big joke."
The ' Devil's Tramping Ground'
is located about 30 miles from
Chapel Hill near Bear Creek, N. C.
It consists of a circle about 40 ft.
in diameter, where nothing will
The circle sits in a clearing in a'
thickly wooded area off a lonely
country road. Grass grows in the
clearing up to the edge of the
circle and stops. A test, run by
state agriculture experts indicated
that the soil within the circle is
sterile. - -
Day, Singletary and Phil Han
cock built a fire at the edge of the
circle which lighted the entire
clearing. They saw and heard noth
ing except for some dogs which
howled all night.
The students have therefore con
cluded that the legend is a -hoax.
Except for one thing, that is.' '
"It was a good, clear night,"
Singletary said, "and the moon
was out. About 10 o'clock, how
ever, we heard something that
sounded like thunder which lasted
for about an hour."
So maybe the old boy showed up
Vast Army Change
WASHINGTON (UPI) Presi
dent Kennedy Tuesday sent Con
gress a major streamlining of the
Army that abolishes such historic
offices as the quartermaster gen
eral and creates two new com
mands. The controversial program vir
tually eliminates the Army's his
toric technical services as sepa
Instead, almost all operations
except training will be lumped
under the new commands that
may be headed by full generals.
The technical services will be
branches under these commands.
The shift will leave the pres
ent Army general staff largely in
a planning and policy-making role.
Kennedy passed on the reorgan
ization proposals to Congress ear
ly in the day. They will become
effective unless vetoed by the Sen
ate on House Armed Service
Committees within 30 days.
Stahr Lists Objectives
Army Secretary Elvis J. Stahr
Jr. said the objectives of the re
organization include getting rid of
"excessive fragmenting and dupli
cating of functions," and to "con
He also said it is designed to
take into account military ad
vance since the last Army reorgan
ization in 1953, to provide broader
technical opportunities and to re
lieve his office of functions that
can be handled by subordinate
Stahr estimated it will take 18
Existence Of Byrd
by Harry Byrd nor did he makej
any effort to put any force on the
"The men who are in Virginia
government realize," Mr. Bycrly
added, "that Harry Byrd has giv
en Virginia a sound government
and has been a good example for
all politicians in Virginia." This,
Mr. Byerly feels, is the essence of
the "Byrd Fraternity".
Concerning the "old men" that
are supposedly controlled by Sena
tor Byrd, Mr. Byerly states that
he was a full ten years older than
the four top men in Governor. Har
Professor Byerly was called in
by Governor Harrison's campaign
headquarters to aid him in his
At Institute Meet Tomorrow
EXAMS John Long, a graduate student from
Conway, S. C. is one of the thousands who took
to the books yesterday as THE WEEK drew
nearer. John is studying in the Library stacks;
months to complete the transition.
Defense Secretary Robert S. Mc
Namara said the major land forc
es have played a significant role
in the past, and that he believed
they will play "a much larger
role in the strategy of the future."
"The whole purpose of the re
organization is to strengthen the
Army so that it will be better pre
pared to assume this more signi
ficant role," he said.
Stahr emphasized at a news
conference that the far-reaching
reorganization is a top-level re
shuffle which does not concern
most field installations. "Below
headquarters, installations and
peronnel by and large are undis
turbed," Stahr said-
Under the plan, tthe Army will
have three major operating com
mands instead of one. A material
development and legistive com
mand, and a combat developments
command will be added to the
man. This is headed hy. four-star
Gen. Herbert B. Powell at Ft.
The offices of the quartermaster
general, the chief of ordinance and
the chief of the chemical corps will
be abolished. The chief signal of
ficer, the adjutant general, the
chief of finance and the chief . of
transportation will keep their titles
but lose many functions and their
present statutory status.
Least affected of the technical
services will be the chief of en
( Continued on Page 3)
primary race. Before working for
the Governor, My Byerly studied
his speeches carefully and then
gave his prediction on how the
press would accept them.
Mr. Byerly advised the governor
frequently as he traveled with him
for the entire campaign. During
this time he discussed the publicity
and the news value angle of the
campaign with Governer Harrison.
Governor Harrison is 55 years
old, born in Lawrenceville and edu
cated at the University of Virginia
where he received a law degree.
In 1948 he was elected to the Vir
ginia State Senate and in 1957 he
was elected Attorney General. He
resigned this post in April of 1961
to enter the race for governor.
In his inauguration address this
Three Areas Find
By BRIAN MARSHALL . .
Where can an exam-harried stu
There are three alternatives: his
room, a class building, or the lib
rary. Ask three people and they
will give you three different
WTe know, because we asked
Freshman Scott Rahn prefers the
library because "it's quiet' 'and
To Benefit School
A "Charlie Chaplin Festival,"
featuring "The Rink," "The Vaga
bond," "The Adventure" and
"Easy Street," will be presented
at 6 and 8 p.m., Jan. 19, at the
Community Church on Puref oy
Admission of 75 cents for adults
and 25 cents for children will be
charged with the proceeds being
used for the benefit of the Chapel
Hill Cooperative Pre-school. - '
Applications for children who
were four before Oct. 16, 1961, are
now being accepted for the Spring
Semester: Applications for four and
five year olds are also being ac
cepted for enrollment in the fall of
Interested persons should call
942-2050 for further information and
application blanks. -
past weekend, Governor Harrison
said that the three important
thing that he wanted for Virginia
were a better educational system
both basic and secondary, a step
ped up industrial program to im
prove Virginia's prospering manu
facturing and a continued integrity
in the government of Virginia.
Governor Harrison feels that the
schools in Virginia arc now good
but that they must be continually
improved upon. He thinks that this
would involve all phases of educa
tion from equipment to teacher's
pay. Mr. Byerly feels that he will
give distinct recommendations to
the legislature to achieve this goal
Mr. Byerly thinks that Harrison
will be a good governor and feels
that he is a very capable man for
others used their rooms, open classrooms, or
any other available space.
Photo by Jim Wallace
his room is "kind of hard to con
then a senior, Elizabeth
savs "the library's too
so she studies in' her
Meanwhile another senior, Char
les Brown, finds the Geology
Building to his liking. He says,
"It's my second home."
"Who's right? Probably every
The library may seem noisy be
cause of overcrowding. The head
librarian, Dr. Jerrold Orne is con
cerned about it. "There should be
enough seats for not less than 40
per cent of the student body," he
says. "Today we have less than
20 per cent.
"The defeat of the bond issue
set us back two years in our abili
ty to seat students. The issue was
primarily meant to supply us with
additional seats. It was for people
space, not book space. That means
we'll be an awful lot more crowd
ed before relief."
The dormitories are overcrowded
too. Construction crews will prob
ably have that problem licked
by next fall though. By then, Er
ringhaus and Craig dorms will be
IDC representative Joe Isaacs
makes another point acoustics
He says, "They're so bad in Park
er, Avery and Teague that you
have to be unfair to the boys
there. Almost any noise can be
However, dorms are quieter now
than they once were. That's the
opinion of George V. Strong, As
sistant Dean of Student Affairs.
"They were like 'Blackboard
Jungle' in my undergraduate days
I came here in 1951.
"The IDC has cracked down and
they've done an outstanding job
Jim Gauldin (President of the
IDC) has taken it very seriously.
"We have complaints. Some
times people who complain don't
help things any. They don't do
much except complain."
Women and Greeks
Pam Parker, head of the Wo
men's Residence Council, agrees
with those remarks. "Generally
it's been pretty quiet. There's al
ways some noise every year. They
don't mean to be noisy though.
They just don't think about it."
Fraternities and sororities are
left to themselves on study condi-
( Continued on Fae 3)
Lincoln White Of
Also Will Speak
Gov. Terry Sanford will ad
dress the 37th annual Newspaper
Institute here tomorrow at How
ell Hall. Sanford will also pre
sent tie 1961 Press awards.
Newsmen from all over North
Carolina will attend the three
day meeting Jan. 13-20 which is
being held in cooperation with the
North Carolina Press Association,
Duke 'University and UNC.
Other features of the . institute
will be an address by Lincoln
White, director of Office News
Bureau, U.S. Department of State,
on Friday morning, at 10 a.m. in
Howell Hall, and an address by
Thomas L. Robinson, general man
ager of the New York Herald
Tribune, past president of the N.C.
Press . Association, Saturday morn
ing at the 8:30 a.m. breakfast in
the Carolina Inn honoring past
presidents of the association; '
H. Clifton Blue of Aberdeen,
President of the N.C. Press As
sociation, will preside over the
association's opening session Thurs
day evening. University Chancellor
William B. Aycock will welcome
the newsmen. Consolidated Un-
niversity President William C.
Friday will introduce Governor
Sanford for the presentation of a
wards. The presentation will be
telecast on WUNC-TV, Channel 4,
and prize-winning stories and
newspapers will be on exhibit in
Howell Hall following the awards
The board of directors of . tne
Press Institute will meet at . a
Friday morning breakfast . at 8
a m. iri" the Carolina Inn cafe
teria. At 12:30 p.m. Friday, the
University will give a luncheon
for the pressmen. Pete Ivey, dir
ector of the UNC News Burean, is
in charge of the . luncheon pro
gram. Friday afternoon will be de
voted to daily and weekly news
paper group meetings. . .
The directors of the Journal
ism Foundation will meet on Fri
day afternoon at 4 p.m. in 101
The scene will shift Friday
evening to Duke University . in
Durham where a dinner will be
given by Duke University in the
ballroom of the Duke Union. An
ensemble . from the Duke Men's
Glee Club will perform, and Ed
mund Harding, humorist of Wash
ington, N. C. will speak on "Who's
Following the Saturday morn
ing breakfast H. Clifton Blue will
preside over the institute's bus
Nurses To Hear
At UNC Institute
An institute, "Nursing in Radia
tion in the Atomic Age", will be
given at the University School of
Nursing on Tuesday, January 30.
The institute, one of a series
in the Continuation Education pro
gram offered by the School of
Nursing, is designed for profes
sional nurses and allied health
workers. Mrs. Eula Miller, instruc
tor of medical-surgical nursing, ia
Following registration from 3 to
9:30 a.m., the program will open
in the nursing school auditorium
with a welcome by Dr. Elizabeth
L. Kcmble, dean of the nursing
The morning's program will m
clude the following addresses:
"History of X-Ray and Radioactive
Isotopes", Mr. Francis DeFrciss,
radiation physicist, department of
radiology, UNC School of Medi
cine; "Pathophysiology in Irradia
tion", Dr. George Venn art, asso
c i a t e professor, department of
pathology, UNC School of Medi
cine; "Diagnostic and Therapeu
tic Use of Radioisotopes", Dr.
Ernest Spangler, resident in radio
1 o g y, department o f radiology,
UNC School of Medicine; and
"Therapeutic Use of X-Ray and
Radium", Dr. Robert Murray, fel
low of American Cancer Society,
resident in radiology, department
of radiology, UNC School of Medicine.