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CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 16, 1962
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CAROLINA BEAUTY NANCY JO RICE re- last UNC News summeV-beauty enjoys cooking
laxes footloose and fetchingly fancy free before and bicycle riding in her spare time. She says
that last agonizing week of study for final ex- she has enjoyed the freedom and relaxation of
ams. Nancy attends Winthrop College in South a summer at UNC.
Carolina during the regular school year. The. (News photo by Richard McKee)
Freedom Riding Minister
Labels Churches 'Sick'
By BILL YVUAMETT
A dim outlook for the future
of the American experiment
which implies freedom of the
individual to move in society
with just treatment and equal
rights was given by an Epis
copal minister Monday night be
cause of this country's failure to
deal with its racial problems.
"Ihe American church is sick,"
the Rev. James P. Breeden, a
former freedom rider from Bos
ton, stated about the institution
he calls the "most segregated in
America." Rev. Breeden spoke
on "The Church in the Racial
Crisis" at the last of the
YMCA's Monday night discus
sions. The time for going slow in
finding solutions to these prob
lems is past, he said, and cited
the growth of the Black Muslim
movement as evidence of grow
ing bitterness and frustration
within the Negro population.
The cause of this bitterness,
and the "sickness" of the
church, he said, stems from a
refusal to acknowledge the unity
Male and Female
"There is only one basic divi
sion of humanity," Rev. Breeden
said, "that of male and female.
A'.l other divisions, such as
racial, social and economic, are
In dealing with racial prob
lems, he said, the basic suppo
sition of the church must be
that the act of baptism erases
all distinctions among men.
"If man is thus brought into
unity by baptism," Rev. Bree
den said, "his relations with
other people must be affected.
It then becomes unnatural to
condone segregation of any kind,
and the 'separate but equal' doc
trine becomes blasphemy.
"Opposition to interracial mar
riage also becomes unnatural
and blasphemous, since this mar
riage becomes a symbol of unity
and should be a cause of joy."
Unity Not Evident
Rev. Breeden stated that one
must know that this unity is the
theological doctrine of the Epis
copal church to make a true
judgment on its purpose, and
The Housing Office has an
nounced that all men's dormi
tories will be closed by noon
August 27. No refunds on keys
will be made after this time.
Connor dormitory will be re
opened for persons who need to
remain in Chapel Hill between
terms. Rent for this period will
be $10. Persons desiring these
rooms should pay the rent to the
University Cashier and bring
the receipt to the Housing Office
for room assignment.
wryly commented that one could
not learn this doctrine by observ
ing the church in action.
"In view of this doctrine," he
said, "it becomes natural for the
Christian to join a church whose
membership is predominantly of
another race, and it becomes
natural for the Christian to buy
a home in a Negro ghetto."
"This doctrine requires, in sum,
that changes in the church and
society must be made simul
taneously." Freedom Ride
Rev. Breeden participated in
an integrated freedom ride last
September in order to illustrate
the parallel between church doc
trines and social problems.
He and 14 other Episcopal
ministers took a chartered bus
from New Orleans to Jackson.
Miss., and then attempted to
board a public bus to continue
their trip to Detroit.
"We were arrested for breach
of the peace at the bus terminal
because the arresting officer
said an 'ugly mob was gather
ing. We were convicted and sen
tenced to four months in jail
and a $200 fine. .
"It was then on my way back
to my cell that I realized that I
was going to jail a free man.
and that the judge and other of
ficials were in chains."
(Continued on Page 3)
By BILL HOBBS
Two young Negroes from Monroe, N. C. described
"continued oppression" of Monroe Negroes and urged
townspeople and students to join demonstrations against
this situation at two meetings here this week.
.Richard Crowder, 20, and Harold Reape, 18, told
audiences at the Roberson St. Community Center in
Carrboro and Gerrard Hall on campus that "KKK ter
rorism and oppression" has continued in Monroe since
the nationally publicized "race-riot" there last year.
Crowder is president of the Monroe Youth Action
Committee, which is planning to hold two "non-violent"
demonstrations this weekend, one in Raleigh at the state
capitel building at 2 p.m. on Saturday and one in Mon
roe on Sunday.
They charged that economic oppression, shootings,
court injustices and "terrorism" have been continually
directed against Monroe Negroes
during the past year and that a
"press blackout" has kept in
formation of this from the pub
lic. Over 70 people in the Rober
son St. Community Center Mon
day night and 120 people in Ger
rard Hall Tuesday heard them
relate several recent incidents
and the previous history of the
Monroe Negro movement.
The story they told at both
meetings and in an interview
Tuesday morning began in 1957
when Dr. Albert E. Perry, then
chairman of the Monroe chap
ter of the NAACP, was charged
with performing an abortion on
a white woman. Crowder and
Reap said Perry was "framed."
Perry and "Caravan"
They went on to say that a
"KKK" caravan of cars ap
proached Perry's house one night
in an attempt "to get him."
Robert Williams, another Negro
and then vice-chairman of the
NAACP had learned of the "KKK
plans" and organized Negroes to
defend Perry's home with arms.
Crowder said that the Negroes
dug trenches around Perry's
house and reinforced the trenches
with sandbags. "The Klan came
down the street led by the Mon
roe police," he said; "when they
saw the Negroes would fight,
they fled; some of them wrecked
(Continued on Page 3)
By Chorus For
Hill Hall Tonight
The twenty year tradition of the
UNC Summer Chorus will be con
tinued tonight when the group
presents its second concrt of
the summer in Hill Hall at 8.
The group, which was started
in order to provide a summer
musical outlet for students and
to provide entertainment for both
the campus and the town, will
perform works by Handel, Kodaly
and Williams under the direction
of Edward L. Kottick and William
Kottick is director of the chorus
and a member of the Music De
partment here. Bennett is Assist
ant Director and also director of
the choir at the University Meth
The first half of the program
will be given over to a perform
ance of George Frederic Handel's
"Foundling Hospital Anthem."
The work was composed in 1749
for a charity concert given in the
chapel of the Foundling Hospital
in London. For his musical con
tribution Handel was made one
of the Governors of the Hospital.
He helped support the institution
for the rest of his life, and gave
annua! performances of his
"Messiah" on its behalf. The suc
cess of the Anthem is assured
not only by its beautiful solos aid
choruses, but also by its finale,
for which Handel used the "Halle
luia" chorus from the "Messiah."
The soloists for this performance
will be Louise Lewis, sporano;
and Tina Pfohl, alto.
The five songs by Kodaly are
among the most beautiful in the
choral literature. They are: "The
Aged:" "A Birthday Greeting;"
"Hymn to King Stephen;" "Tran
sylvanian Lament;" and "Even
ing." Kodaly is well known in the
fields of both composition and
ethnomusicology. His deep inrer-
( Continued on Page 3)
Friday, August 24
Class Exam Period
13:3J 8 to 10 a.m.
2:0) 11 to 1 p.m.
7:30 3 to 5 p.m.
Saturday, August 23
Class Exam Period
9:00 8 to 10 a.m.
12:00 11 to 1 p.m.
SUMMER CHORUS CONCERT
The Summer School Chorus will
present a concert tonight in Hill
Hall at 8 p.m. The public is invited.
"The Broadway Melody" will
be the final summer cinema,
shown tonight in Carroll Hall at
7:30. A motion picture landmark,
the film provides an authentic
glimpse of a bygone era. Anita
Page, Bessie Love and Charles
King star. There will also be a
color cartoon and a Benchley
BSU SUPPER STUDY
An evaluation and prognosis of
the Southern Baptist Convention
at San Francisco w ill be the topic
of tonight's supper study at the
Baptist Student Union at 5:43.