Box 7p , .
See Edits, Page Two
Partly cloudy and warm
High in the low 80's
Seventy Years Of Editorial Freedom
Officers in Graham Memorial
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1962
Complete UP1 Wire Servi.
t i i. ' - " 4.
Hurricane Nears Coast
WILMINGTON, N. C. (UPI)
Hurricane Ella, a monster storm
spreading over 600 miles in the:
Atlantic, probed the Carolinas
with near-gale force winds Thurs -
clay and sent high seas crashing
into the East Coast from Florida
The Miami weather bureau
warned that winds of whole gale
force 55 to 72 mph might
strike much of the North Carolina
Seas in the area were 40 to 50 j
feet, the weather bureau said.
The hnrrirano fifth tmniri
turbance of the season, was mov
kit V L-7
ing on a north-northwest course at
Forecasters said the huge
storm was expected to begin a
"gradual recurve" which would
keep it well away from the Car
Space Launch Successful
CAPE CANAVERAL (UPI)
The United States successfully
launched a camera - equipped
spacecraft Thursday and started
it on a 231,500 mile trip to the
If all continues to go as plan
ned, the 755-pound craft will ar
rive in the vicinity of the moon
about mid-day Sunday and will
begin transmitting the first close
up photos man has ever made
of the lunar surface.
Scientists said it might be sev
eral hours before they knew defi
nitely whether the probe would
be able to carry out all its ob
Vietnam Offensive Fails
SAIGON (UPI) Operation
"Morning Star," the biggest of
fensive yet by the South Viet
namese government against Com
munist guerrilla forces, ended
Thursday in apparent failure.
The operation lasted eight days
and involved more than 6,000 gov-j
eramenc iroops, elements ot tnree
American helicopter companies,
Vietnamese air force planes and
three companies of U. S.-built am
phibious personnel carriers.
The result of eight days of
Any students interested in sell
ing programs at the Saturday foot
ball game should pick up pro
grams at the desk of the indoor
pool between 4 and 6 p.m. today.
The Jades Combo will be in the
Rendezvous Room at Graham Me
morial from 8:00 to 12:00 tonight
and tomorrow night. There will be
no charge for admission.
A dark red men's wallet was
lost last Friday in the area of the
langauage building and Bingham
Hall. The owner needs the papers.
Please contact L. Buckener Moor
man at 117 Aycock.
The Newman Club will present
a program on Interfaith Dialogue
at the Catholic Student Center, 218
Pittsboro St., Sunday, October 21.
Supper will begin at 5:30 with the
program following. All Catholics
and friends are invited.
-Splash Club tryouts will be held
Monday, October 22, at 7 p.m. in
Carolina Christian Fellowship
will not hold its dinner meeting
Friday night- in Lenoir Hall. The
group will meet the following Fri
day at 6. p.m in Lenoir.
RALEIGH LITTLE THEATER
The Raleigh Little Theater opens
its 1962-63 season with the patron's
preview of "Bells Are Ringing'
on October 21 at 7:15. Nightly
showings for the public will be at
8 o'clock October 22-28.
Granville Hicks will speak on
"What Our Novelists Are Looking
For" in Gerrard Hall Oct. 19th at
8 p.m. The lecture is sponsored by
the English Club and Graham Me
morial Student Union.
The Student Committee for Court
Improvement will meet Tuesday at
7:50 p.m. in Howell Hall. All per
sons interested in having the
amendment for court improvement
Nov. 6 are invited to attend.
A regular meeting of the Dance
Committee wil be held Monday at
7 p.m. in the Grail Room of Gra
ham Memorial.' All members are
Interviews for the vacant UP
legislature seats will be held today
swamp, jungle and rice paddy
fighting was 40 Viet Cong killed,
2 captured, a few weapons taken
and 151 guerrilla sampans de-
stroyed bv planes
! American military advisers said
they considered the operation a
! failure from a military point of
i view because tremendous
; amounts of material and supplies
had been expended for inconse
Stock Market Loses Heavily
NEW YORK (UPI) Bad 1963
for?cf,sts or, tvvo ,key industries
cosl ine sl0CK maricet several bif
lion dollars in paper value Thurs
day. Following quiet and narrow
morning trading, the market
broke wide open and took its
worst beating since the first of
the month in the Dow-Jones in
Standard & Poor's inclusive 500
stock index showed a loss of 0.55.
In the Dow-Jones averages in
dustrials fell 6.53, rails 070 and
utilities 0.3b. Trading hit a 15
session high of 3,288,000 shares.
the bulk of the activity taking
place during the afternoon when
prices were sliding. ;
NLKB Rules For Back Payment
WASHINGTON (UPI) The Na
tional Labor Relations Board
ruled Thursday that a corpora
tion must continue to pay em
ployes thrown out of work if it
closes a plant to avoid union bar-
In a far-reaching 3-2 decision,
the board ordered one of the na
tion's largest textile firms, Deer
ing, Milliken Inc., to award back
pay and other obligations to em
ployes who lost their jobs when
the corporation shut down its
plant at Darlington, S.C., in late
Under the decision, . the com
pany is required to provide back
pay to discharged employes who
were on the plant's payroll as of
Oct. 13. 1956. until - the emnloves
are able to obtain equivalent em
ployment, t also is required to
reinstate the employes if Darling
ton should resume operations.
and Monday in the Grail Room of
Graham Memorial from 2:30-5:30
Seats are open in Town Women's
district, Dorm Women's I and II,
Dorm Men's II and VI, and Craige.
A special servcie for the conclu
sion of Succot will be held at Hille
House tonight. The service will be
read by members of the Tau Ep-
silon Phi Fraternity.
The Carolina Sweethearts will
meet at Woollen Gym today at
2:30 to meet the South Carolina
Team at 3:00. Please be prompt
Members of the Cardboard com
mittee are asked to report for work
this afternoon at the Cardboard
Students are reminded that ath
letic pass cards are not transfer
able. If students want to sit to
gether,, they have to wait in line
The Bi-partian selections board
for Women's Council meets Mon
day, October 22, Tuesday, October
23, and Wednesday, October 24 in
the Council room.
Carolina Harbored 13
(This is the second of a se
ries of articles on the history
of communism in Chapel Hill.)
By VIRGINIA CARNES
"It is revealed that out of over
7.000 students at Chapel Hill, thir
teen are Communists. That's an
unlucky number as well as prov
ing that the soil of North Carolina
is not fertile for sprouting Com
munists." This was a statement
made on October 30, 1947, in the
Daily Tar Heel, but the last decade
had been one of controversy and
On October 29, 1947, the presence
of a local charter of the Commun
ist party in Chapel Hill bad been
officially revealed when informa
tion circulars which advocated a
four point plan for price reduction
and entitled "Lowdown on High
1 Prices" flooded the campus. They
1 were from the "Communist Party
A PAIR OF JOURNALISTS from Magnum
photos have been interviewing' Carolina students
this week as part of a series of articles on student
opinion throughout the world. The articles are
to be published in the London Times Sunday
Magazine and in the Swiss magazine Zeis and Er.
The pair, Sam . Holmes and Cornell Capa, chose
ouriialists Pick Carolina
For World Student Series
By BILL WUAMETT
A series of articles on student
opinion and opinion molders
throughtout th world has brought a
photographer and reporter here to
question Carolina students.
The series of six articles are be
ing done . by Mangum Photo for
publication in the London Times
Sunday Magazine and in the Swiss
magazine Zsie and Er. The other
five were done on Japan, Peru,
Ghana, Egypt and the Soviet Union,
Carolina was selected as
sentative of United States student
opinion uetdubi. it wds pidtc
in the integration problem" the
issue wmcn me pair oi interview-
ers believe to be the focal point
of student interest in the country
Photographer Cornell Capa said
it was decided that the racial ques
tion was the most important stu
dent issue today because of the
great student participation in free
dom rides and in the riots in Ox
It's obvious that we could not
Brock To Give
Tonight in the rendezvous Room
from 8:30 until 9:30, UNC student
Dan Brock will present an hour
program of folk songs "Songs
from Europe, British Isles and
America." John Jacob Niles, Dean
of American Balladers says, "Dan
Brock, in my opinion is one of
the great guitarists, and I hope
he will become one of our truly
great folk singers."
He has cut a record on the Col
onial label, "We're on Our Way"
(about John Glenn) and was fea
tured in a program of Irish folk
ballads in a St. Patrick's Day show
in the Rendezvous Room last year.
He appeared in Folksounds '62
in Memorial Hall along with other
campus folk singers and The New
Lost City Ramblers.
of Chapel Hill, Junius Scales,
Scales, a 27-jear-oId resident of
Chapel Hill and graduate student
in history, was named before the
House of Representatives Un-American
Affairs Committee, as being
the leader of the Communist club
on campus. He said the organiza
tion in Chapel Hill is a "small ac
tive, representative group" affiliat
ed with the North and South Caro
lina district and national head
quarters of the party in America.
He said, "The real problems we
must solve are: a decent standard
of living for all people, a peaceful
world, a more democratic America
without race discrimination." I can
say from long experience and close
association that the Communists
are the most human, most princi
pled, most courageous, and most
selfless people I have ever seen.
f , it, Ma
iget a rational appraisal of opinion
at Oxford right now," he said,
"but we wanted to go Where the
issue was of immediate concern
to students somewhere in the
"We therefore selected Carolina
as a place where some progress
had been made, but where It was
still possible to hear opinion on
all sides of the question."
Reporter Sam Holmes is a 1953
graduate of the Universitv in'iour-
nalism. He declined to draw any
repre-ironHncions about student oninion
jn0Wi since pair plan to.conUafter his brother's death, and is
tmue working here for several days,
Holmes did say, however, that
one marked chanee he had noted
since his graduation was a freer
atmosphere of thinking about the
racial issue. He said he had also
noted a much greater interest in
Capa said their research will
focus on the "molders or student
opinion," and not on the views of
the great majority.
To achieve this end, the pair
have been talking with members
of student government, the DTH,
and other organizations and clubs
on campus. They have also visited
fraternity parties, the football game
Saturday and other aspects of
social life here.
Year Of Work
Plans for the series of articles
began over a year ago, Capa said,
when events in various parts of
the world indicated that students
were regaining their traditional
position of leadership in fighting the
It was orginally planned to
sell the articles to Holiday Maga
zine, and Capa did a pilot story on
students in Peru. When Holiday
subsequently lost interest in the
project, the London Times and
Zsie and Er agreed to buy the
articles from Magnum Photos.
"It was necessary, to find a
publisher without political bias,"
Capa said, "so that we could ask
students to talk freely without
fear of having their statements
slanted or edited."
Magnum Photos is an interna
tional cooperative of 20 photo-free
I am proud to be a member of
the Communist party."
Shortly thereafter in 1943 a new
type of Red propaganda leaflet
flooded the UNC campus. Some of
them were designed to cripple a
Red Cross "Blood for Korea" drive
and were believed to be part of
a new weapon to attack the . na
tional government. .The leaflets
were beheved to have been print
ed because the American Red Cress
was designed by Congress as the
official blood gathering agency-for
wounded servicemen. The drive
was teraed '"operation bloodletting"
and the Korean War was called
The blood quota was .reached,
however, and blood contributions
seemed to increase after the dis
tribution of the leaflets. Mean
while students - planned a "Blood
Carolina as representative of United States stu
dents because it as a place where students had to
meet the integration problem in their daily lives,
and also a place where some progress had been
made toward the solution of the racial problem.
Photo by Harry Lloyd
lance press photographers from
eight counrties. Among its mem
bers are Henri Cartier-Bresson,
recognized as the world's greatest
photographer, and Ernst Haas, who
currently has an exhibition of color
photographs in the Museum of
Modern Art in New York.
Capa's brother, Robert Capa,
wasone of the founders of the
cooperative, and was accepted as
the world's best photographer at
the time of his death in Vietnam
Capa joined Magnum in 1954
best known for h'is photo-features
on Grandma Moses, and on the
death of five American Mission
aries in Ecquador in 1958.
Holmes, who attended the Uni
versity after several years of jour-
nalitic experience, joined the firm
Meet In W-S
An invitation has been extended
to the Republican members of the
UNC student body to attend the
North Carolina Young Republicans
College Fall Convention which will
meet in Winston-Salem at the Rob
ert E. Lee Hotel on October 26, 27
The invitation has been issued by
Adrian King, chairman of the NC
YR College Council and Wake
Forest College junior. King says
participants from UNC need not be
members of a Young Republican
Registration will begin at the
hotel at 3:30 p.m. October 26 and
will continue through Friday night.
The first session will begin on Fri
day night with a speech by Jim
Hariff, national College Young Re
Those students who arc interest
ed in attending the convention have
been asked to write directly to the
Hotel Robert E. Lee in Winston
Salem, North Carolina for room
Communists In 1947
Victory Dance" that night to fol
low a basketball game.
During the same week another
leaflet. "Operation Smokescreen"
was issued following reports that;
army intelligence officers, coun-j
ter-inteliigence representatives, the;
FBI and local officers were inves- j
i.tm? the Lommumsi tuwi .
a nearby Negro college.
The leaflet charged that investi
gation agencies acted with greater
speed to investigate the circular
than they would if there bad teen
a lynching or a Negro home bomb
ed jhe Tets were distributed very
late at night and littered the
floors and walls of dormitories and
When a student leader was ask
ed what effect the leaflets had, he
said "Once we identify the spon
ser '(the Communist), we merely
As Party Chairman
Mike Chanin was elected Chair
man of the University Party in
its open meeting WTednesday night.
Chanin, a sophomore from Atlan
ta, Georgia, and a member of
Zeta Beta Tau fraternity, was
elected vice-chairman without
Peggy Stevenson and Dick Jonas
were elected secretary and treas
Chanin has been active in Geor
gia politics and worked in the
Ivan Allen campaign for Mayor of
Atlanta last year. He also worked
in the campaign of Congressman
"The UP must make itself
heard on this campus, as to how it
feels on the many controversial
issues that come to our attention
each year," said Chanin.
Chanin said that the party must
start saying something and doing
something. "We must do more
than just put up candidates for
election," he said. "It is one of
the purposes of the University
Party to arouse student interest
on various issues."
When asked what issues the
party should consider, Chanin
said, "We will discuss any issue
that is brought up in a meeting
of the UP, however I feel that the
party should refrain from taking
any stands on issues that do not
directly concern the students of
the University of North Carolina."
Chanin was then asked whether
the Student Legislature's resol
utions on Nuclear Testing, the Un
iversity of Mississippi, and Chapel
Hill movie integration directly
concerned the . students at UNC.
"At this time, I myself can make
no comment on that," said Chanin.
"However, I wish to say that there
is no definite distinction between
what is a national issue directly
concerning the students of this
campus and what is not. This is
something which can and should
be decided in our open meetings."
Chanin was then asked if he
would support the proposed a-
mendment to the Student Consti
tution advicating open trials in the
"I have no statement on that
at this time. However. I would
be glad to answer the question
after our party caucus tonight."
Combo Will Show
"The IDC will have a dance Sa
turday night and the combo de
finitely will be there," says Ralph
Mosley, IDC vice-president.
His comment came as a result
of complications last week when
The Sceptors, a Durham group,
were scheduled to play but failed
to show up for the dance.
Tthe Big Ax Combo is slated for
this week's dance, held at the
American Legion Hut.
The dance will be free and will
run from 8 to 12. A bus will pro
vide transportation for any who
need it. It will leave Y-Court at
8 and return to the campus at 12.
ignore him as he deserves."
Unable To Speak
On January 13, 1949, John Gates,
the editor of The Daily Worker,
the Communist newspaper in the
United States, attempted to speak
to over 300 students and towns
people in front of the University
service station on Franklin Street.
He was forced to leave by the
owners and was followed by the
jeering, mocking listeners to the
sidewalk in front of the high school
where the crowd flowed into the
Gates, "one of twelve persons
charged with subversive activities
and under indictment is New York
in U. S. Court," was barred from
his campus appearance scheduled
under sponsorship of Carolina For
um and the Communist Party of
Chapel Hill. Chancellor Robert B.
House had announced the univers
Of 150 Applications-.
The Toronto Exchange Commit
tee announced today the selection
of 24 members and 6 alternates
for the 1962 Exchange. The group
was chosen from nearly 150 appli
cants. The group of 24 Carolina stu
dents will serve as hosts for the
Canadians when they visit the
campus in mid November. A full
schedule of seminars, receptions,
discussions and parties is being
planned. The return trip to the
University of Toronto will be held
over the semester break.
Mickey Simmons and Suzy John
son, co-chairmen of the Exchange,
expressed their desire to plan the
schedule for the Canadians' visit
so that as many Carolina students
as possible would be able to meet
Meel On Africa
"Operation Crossroads Africa
will hold a conference Saturday at
WTinston-Salem Teachers College.
The conference is for college stu
dents interested in participating in
the African work-service program
An African ambassador and
other African representatives will
speak, along with people from the
World University Service, the U.S.
State Department and others.
Crossroads Africa is a private
agency wnicn senas stuaents or
- i . t
faculty members to serve in Af
rican summer development pro
jects. Half the expense is paid by
I think UNC students will be
especially interested in Cross
roads," said Jim McCorkle, who
has helped set up three work
camps in 1960. "It helps Amer
ican students of all backgrounds to
meet African villagers and stu
dents on a person-to-person basis.
Must Be Interested
"But no summer experience can
be more demanding on a student,"
he continued, "on his intelligence,
his body, and his whole system of
values. We are looking for stu
dents interested in other people,
mature enough to be plopped
down in another culture and gain
from it a full, rich experience."
"The opportunities for study and
travel will give Crossroads stu
dents a more realistic view of our
foreign policy and of race rela
tions here at home," he said.
The Winston-Salem conference
will begin at 9 a.m. All interested
students should contact Jim Mc
Corkle at 963-0223 if they need or
can provide transportation.
ity building could not be used for
such an address.
Gates said, "I think the real
issue is the suppression of free
thought and free speech. My
speech was not to have been a
defense of Communism. I came
here to sneak in the defense of the
Bill of Rights."
This was 1943 and many people
felt Communism to be no real
"menace" at UNC, but later that
year a small, "mild-mannered"
and "quiet" part-time physics in
structor would provide a tremen
dous controversy, when he said, "I
belong to the Communist Party in
Chapel Hill. There really isn't
but one Communist party and I
belong to that."
(Tomorrow: the Hans Freis
atdt case and the use of loyal
ty oaths by the University in the
The members selected are Dor
shie Bridgeford, Fran Brock.
Brooks Garnett, Judy Johnson,
Sallie McClure, Patricia Pernn.
Gayle Ragland, Beth Walker Beth
Wallace, Gay Williard Lucy
Wood, Inman Allen, Jeff Bayer
Neill Clark, Wayne King, Mike
Lawler. Henry Mayer,
McDevltt, Tex McGiU. Jim Reston
Buzzy Stubbs and Bill Wells The
alternates selected are Sarah Cul-c-,n,r
.Tnmpc Jane i eager.
Joe Craver, Richard Hesse, and
The Committee expressed its
appreciation to the large number
of students who applied and sta
ted that the attempt to select a
representative group, diversified
in both interests and attitudes,
necessitated the elimination of
many qualified students.
Speaks At 8
Granville Hicks, contributing ed
itor to the Saturday Review,
speaks tonight at 8.00 in Gerrard
The well-known literary critic
will address an open meeting r,f
the Graduate English Club on ih
subject "What Our Novelists am
(Looking For." The lecture is soon
J sored by the Graduate rJn L
t Club and Graham Memorial
I -. . .
Tradition," john r?
Making of a Revolutionary " ?5
figures Of Trani.;:. ,, auCl
he edited hr"? !"" 1937.
ine Living Novel."
The free flick thi v-....
will be "House of B.X
ring Robert Rvan twS btar-
chell, and Sessue Havak. U
setting for the film js modern
Tokyo gangland, where a group of
Americans attempt a Capone-style
An Army intelligence ofr;,.
(Robert Stack) uncovers their nw.
chotic organizer (Robert Ryan)
and points the attack of the Jap
The free flick Saturday nibt
Iwill be "A Time to Love and a
! Time to Die" starring John Gavin,
:Li!o Pulver, Jock Mahoney, Keen
an Wynn, and Maria Remarque.
The time is World War II and two
ill-fated lovers have a romance
against the background of battles
!and the devastation of war. The
story is by the author of "All Quiet
on the Western Front".
Showings are at 7:30 and 9:3-3
p.m. in Carroll.
Infirmary list: Allan Jones,
George Taylor, Clarence Coburn,
Daniel Brown, Ralph Hall, Clar
ence Page, David Wilder, Bobby
Chrissman, Joseph Hahn, Mike
Hauser, Shade Murray, James Ray,
Martha McRae, Susan Matusvak,
Mary Pitt, Frank Lowry, Andrew
Augustine, Fred Summers, Bryan
McSweeney, John Bohon, Donald
Bratalik, Sam Bledsoe, Davis God
dard, Ray George, Christopher Jon
as, Donaldson King, David Bau
gess, John Shaw, John Bridges,