Chapal HI H Iigenstein
See Edits, Page Two
Officers in Graham Memorial
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lWC Fullback Ken Willard (40) Leaves Players Scattered All Over
FBI Kept Careful
On Junius Scales'
(This is the fourth in a series
on communism in Chapel Hill.)
By VIRGINIA C ARSES
A "bespectacled, baby-faced"
man was arrested on November
19, 1954, as he stood at a bus stop
on the rain-swept corner of a quiet
Memphis residential street. The
next morning newspaper headlines
read: "Scales Held Under $100,
000 Bond in Tennessee Smith
Act Catches Confessed Commie."
Junius Scales, 34-year-old native
of Greensboro, was accused of be
ing the underground Communist
chief of Tennessee and the Car
olinas and was charged under the
membership provisions of the
Smith Act, which outlaws any con
spiracy to teach or advocate the
overthrow of the United State gov
ernment by violence. The maxi
mum penalty possible under the
Smith Act charge was ten years
in prison and a $10,000 fine.
In Washington the FBI announc
ed that Scales, a married man,
the father of one child, and the
grand-nephew of a North Carolina
governor, had attended UNC from
193&-1933 and again in 1946. They
said that he then went underground
and began secret activity in Octo
ber of 1951.
It seems that the FBI had been
Hillel is starting a
scries of dc
sert and coffee hours. The first is
this evening from 5:30-7:30 with
girls from Woman's College.
Westminster Fellowship will meet
for worship at 5:30 today. Follow
ing supper at 6, the topic "The
Marks of a Christian Community"
will be discussed by Vance Bar
ron, minister of the Chapel Hill
The Student Party will hold a
preliminary meeting tonight tc
make plans for the fall nominat
ing convention to be held tomorrow
night. The meeting tonight will be
held at 8:30 in the Roland Parker
Room of Graham Memorial.
Tomorrow night's meeting is
7:00 in Howell Hall.
The Bi-partisan Selections Board
will hold interviews this week for
all women interested in seeking en
dorsement for their candidacy for
positions on the Women's Council.
The interviews will be from 3:o0
5:30 tomorrow; 7:00-9:00 Tuesday
and 3:30-5:30 Wednesday in the
Council Room on the second floor
of Graham Memorial.
BAUCH TO SPEAK
Dr. Kurt Bauch of Freiburg Uni
versity in Germany, will speak on
watching Scales for some time,
and his arrest in Memphis came
only 5'2 hours after he was in
dicted by a federal grand jury in
the VVilkesboro, N. C, division of
the federal court. " j
Scales was given a hearing in
Memphis where it was decided that
he would be tried in the Middle
District Courts of North Carolina
beginning December 6, 1954, in
Greensboro. He was represented
by Fyke Farmer, the Nashville
attorney who helped gain a short
stay of execution for the Rosen
burgs after their conviction as
A few days before the hearing,
handbills were distributed urging
that Scales $100,000 bond be re
duced. They said "Junius Scales
and the Communist Party are be
ing prosecuted solely for their
ideas. Neither Scales nor the Com
munist Party has ever advocated
force or violence, nor overthrow of
the government . . . Article VIII
of the Bill of Rights says 'Exces
sive bail shall not be required.' "
In Scales first appearance in
court m December he made mo
tions for a reduction in bail and
succeeded in getting it lowered to
$35,000. On December 21, he was
set free under bond posted by his
Duerer's Landscapes at
Art Center, Monday at ;
Professor P. P. Naor will speak
at the Statistics Colloquium in room
265 Pihllips Hall at 4:00 p.m. to
morrow. His subject will be "On a
Problem of Preventive Mainte
Interviews for the vacant UP
Legislature seats will be held to
morrow in the Woodhouse Room oi
Graham Memorial from 2:30-5:30.
Seats are open in Town Women's
district, Dorm Women's 1 and 11.
Dorm Men's 11 and IV, and Craige.
A regular meeting of the Dance
Committee will be held at 7 p.m. in
tiie Grail Room of Graham Memo
rial. All new and old members are
Bishop Fraser will speak cn
"Christian Marriage" at the Can
terbury Club meeting tonight. Sup
per will be served at 5:30.
All Y information to be pub
lished in the DTH should be deliv
ered to the front office cf the Y
building by 12:30 each day.
Splash Club tryouts will be held
tomorrow at 3 p.m. in Woollen
When the trial got under way in
April, Scales attorney, David Rein
of Washington, D. C, said that it
was a matter of public knowledge
that he had been a Communist, but
that he had no knowledge that the
Communist Party was dedicated
to the overthrow ot the govern-1
ment by - force or violence.
The government charged that
Scales was Ralph Clontz, a Char
lotte lawyer, who told of his dou
ble life as FBI informant and as a
student of Communism under
Scales. His close association with
Scales was from September, 1948,
to October, 1951. Clontz said that
the first statement of violence he
heard from Scales came in De
cember, 1948, when Sales told him
"force is the only answer."
In addition to a photostat from
a 1947 Daily Tar Heel of a state
ment by Scales in which he said,
"I am proud to be a member of
The Communist Party, which is
democratic both in its own struc
ture and in its outlook," the gov
ernment produced a surprise wit
ness, a "soft-spoken" UNC student,
to provide more recent evidence
Charles Benson Childs, 24, of
... - i
High Point and Winston-saiem,
told the federal court that while
he was in the party under Scales
until August. 1952, he was also an
undercover informant for the FBI
He "half rose from the witness
chair, pointed to Scales as the
party chairman for the Carolinas
and stated that, in the summer of
1952, Scales had urged him to re
tain his summer job at the Western
Electric Plant at Winston-Salem,
rather than returning to college.
Scales reportedly said that "trade
unions are the schools of the rev
olution, and the party was trying
to get students to go into industry
that an economic crisis during the
next national administration was
imminent, with matters "coming to
a head in five or six years," and
that if Communists returned to
school and lost their contracts in
industry,' "we would have to wait
for the Red Army to liberate us."
Childs said he became interested
in Communism while in high schoo
in High Point, when he had several
discussions with an English teach
er who was "in the Gastonia (tex
tile) strike of 1929" and later when
he heard a speech by Mike Ross
a furniture union organizor, whom
he later learned was affiliated with
the Progressive Party. Through
Ross he met Bill Robertson,
member of the Communist Party;
and at Robertson's home in Chapel
Hill he received several pieces o;
party literature, including the Con
He "decided these people's
views were dangerous to my gov
ernment" and went to the FBI to
Henry Farash, "known to me
as district organizer for the party"
united him to join the party on
October 12, 1950. Two weeks later
he paid the 50 cents initiation fee
and was admitted.
(Continued cn Pae 3)
Seventy Years Of
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 21,
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Hickey Gets First Victory Ride Of Season
'We Kept Fighting Back,'
Says Smiling Jim Hickey
By CURRY KIRKPATRICK
"We hung on and kept fight
Jim Hickey smiled as he greet
ed reporters in the small room
which serves as an interrogation
pit after each Carolina home game.
The smiles have come few and
far between for Hickev in the last
five weeks, but yesterday he look
ed as it a huge weight had been
lifted from bis shoulders.
"Yes sir, we hung on and final
ly got it," Hickey beamed to the
writers gathered around him. He
was referring to the briddiant 49
yard pass-run play from Junior
Edge to Bob Lacey which brought
the Tar Heels their first taste of
victory and sent the Kenan Stad
ium gathering into a state of tem
"This win is going to make a
big difference in this team,"- the
UNC coach said ."When a ball
club has dropped four straight, a
win is all that can perk it up.
If we had lost -after fcavin it
won, well " i
Asked what was going through
his mind when South Carolina
quarterback Dan Reeves lotted a
last-ditch pass to Sam Anderson
alone near the end zone, nicisey
replied, "I was ready to shoot my
self." "Hank (Barden, Carolina de
fensive back) lined up in the middle
of the field and was set all wrong
for that play. But he recovered
and got over there in time. He
just did get that guy." (Barden
tackled Anderson just two yards
from the end zone and the clock
ran out before the Gamecocks
could get off another play).
Praise For' Students
Hickey had nothing but praise
for his team in particular and the
student body in general during the
long victory drought.
"I feel the student body had as
much to do with our win today
as that Edge to Lacey pass play.
They have been great and have
stuck with us all the way. The
team appreciates this and so do
Field As HeBulls 13 Yards For Score
Photos by Jim Wallace
Hickey went on. "I'm always
asked, 'How's the morale? Are
the kids up? Are they letting up
on you?' I can truthfully say that
there is no problem whatsoever.
The kids have been tremendous.
They've given it all they've got
and never dogged it."
The coach was especially happy
about the Dlav of his young sopho
mores. He praised Ronnie Jack
son, Ken Willard, Tommy Ward
and Barden for their improvement
over past weeks.
The coach was then questioned
about Carolina's chances the re
mainder of the season.
"I'm not making any predictions
but you've got to remember that
this is a young club and the sopho
mores are getting better every
week. We've played some real good
teams and the guys have gotten
some good experience. We played
our best game today. I think we'll
be all right from here on in."
Barely Misses TD
By HARRY W. LLOYD with 12:23 to go and appeared to
NorUi Carolina, fighting desper- be driving for an insurance score
ately to break a four-game losing when a Joe Craver-led Carolina de
streak, grabbed the lead yesterday fense rose up to stop mem on the
with less than five minutes to play
and walked a wobbling tightrope to
escape with a 19-14 victory over the
South Carolina Gamecocks
The Tar Heels, after trailing for
44 minutes of the game, scored!
their third touchdown with 4:49 left
most feared offensive
piay, the long pass trom quar
terback Junior Edge to wide end
That 49-yard play ended the scor
ing and started the excitement be
fore 25,000 fans. For Marvin Bass
swift and dangerous Gamecocks
came within a hairbreadth of
cracking over the Carolina goal foi
With the Tar Heeis unable to run
out tne clock to end tne ame,
South Carolina took over oa men
own 41 wiUi 50 seconds to piay.
Only the clock couid stop tncin,
ior on two brilliant otiensive piay
they carried to the UNC two-yaru
iine beiore the game ended.
A diving tackle Dy sophomore de
fensive back Hank Baruen stopper
USC haliback Sammy Anuueiaoi.
on the two alter Anuerson caugru
a 33-yard pass from Dan Reeves. !
The Gamecocks were unable to
push the ball over the final two
yards before time ran out.
The visitors, with breakaway
threat Billy Gambrell scampering
in al 1 directions, showed latent
power all through the contest. 1 he
flashy halfback, who rolled up '61
yards along the ground, kept the
UNC defense loose at all times.
The Tar Heel offense, which was
practically ml in the first hah,
dominated the final quarter of pla
before the last minute.
With the visiting Gamecocks
ahead by 14-6 going into the last
period, the Heels engineered their
only continuous drive of the game.
They took an SC punt on their 43
just before the end of the thirc
period. Edge set the drive in mo
tion with an eight-yard pass to
Frank Gallagher. Eddie Kesler
slashed up the middle for eight
more as the period ended.
Fullback Ken Willard and quar
beck Edge did the running for the.
next first down. From the 31, Edge
flipped a flare pass to halfback
Ronnie Jackson, and the ball
slipped through Jackson's hands.
They came back, however, with
the same play and went 14 yard3.
This gave the Tar Hecb a first
down on the 17.
Edge, looking for a receiver, was
run cut on the 13. Willard, who now
is beginning to play up to his po
tential, took a handoff and blasted
through a small hole in the middle
cf the line. When a pair cf South
Carolina men hit him, he didn't gc
down, but carried them right with
him into the end zone. Jackson, on
a flare pass to the right in an at
tempt to tie the game, was knocked
out of bounds by Gambrell just
short of the goal.
South Carolina then took over
and cool, high in the
Complete i'Vl Wire pn
From that point. Edge flipped a
pass to Jackson which barely car
ried for the first down. Edge then
ran for seven and VViJJard carried
four to nut the h.-n n
the midfield strine
It was here that Edge puIJed out
the firebomb that hadn't been used
Passes com p.
7 0 It
Willard, 83 yd
KO return. Kick
WUlard, 8 run. Pass failed.
Lacey, 49 pass from Edge. Edge
Lester, 33 pass from Reeves.
Gambrell, 8 run. McCathern kick.
successfully before that afternoon.
In the second quarter, he had
thrown 41 yards to Iiccy at the
UNC 14, but an illegal motion in
fraction had killed the play.
This time, everything clicked.
Drifting to his right. Edge threw
the long, arching connective to
Lacey, who outran all but one SC
defender and took the bail near
the 25. He then faked out the la.st
man, Lide Huggins, and ran
diagonally across the field ior the
It was the second Carolina TD,
however, that was the most spec
tacular play of the day. South Car
olina had just scored on a 33 yard
pass from Dan Reeves to Ken
Lester with 8:53 to go in the first
The kickoff was short, and full
back Willard took it on his 17
yard line. He bulldozed up the
middle, found an opening near the
left sidelines, and ran untouched
into the end zone. For the final
30 yards, he simply outran the
South Carolina defenders.
The play alter the winning touch
down was a miniature game in:t
self. Gambrell looked as if he might
break away in returning the kick
off 28 yards to the USC 46. The
Gamecocks, needing to cover the
remainder of the field in four
minutes, abandoned their famed
ground game for the swifter ar.d
more dangerous air routes. At first
it appeared as if their startegy
j were going to w ork.
Reeves clicked to Anderson for
10 yards and a first down. But
then he flipped a flare pass to
(Continued on Pae 4)