Chapel Hill, x.c.
See Edits, Page Two
Warmer in morning (?),
colder later in day. High in
Seventy Years Of Editorial Freedom
Offices In Graham Memorial
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1962
UPI Wire Service
5 -; -4.'
K 1 y "
PLANNING FOR THE interconnection of WUNC- Educational Television-Radio Center; Mack Pres
FM and the Educational Radio network are, left lar, Assistant Director Radio and Television; and
to right, Wesley Wallace, acting chairman, Depart- standing, Donald B. Upham, former Project Di
ment of Radio, Television and Motion Pictures; rector of the Educational Radio Network, and pres
Robert Ililliard, Director of Radio; Donald R. ently a graduate student at UNC.
Quayle, Director of Radio Services of the National
WUNC-FM Plans Affiliation
With Nation-Wide Network
WUNC-FM will soon become a
part of the Educational Radio
(Network, according to Donald R.
Quayle, Director of Radio Services
UNC Prof Publishes
Bk, On Communism
"Two Generations of Soviet Man: i tarian system. lie points out that
A Study in the Psychology of Com- the practice of coercion through
monism," a new book just pub- force and police terror is not a
lished by the University of North
Carolina Press, studies the pro
cesses of manipulating the human
i mind and behavior under totali
Author of the book is John Kosa,
a sociologist and .UNC associate
professor of . biostatistics.
His work of ters a complete pic
ture of the process o indoctrina
tion of individuals and groups in
society, discusses the techniques
of .coercion and control, and ana
lyzes the various types of man
that emerge as the result of this
gigantic ' manipulation - of-the-man
The "faithful believer," the
"lukewarm or halfhearted believ
er " the "opportunist" and the
"faithless type" are presented
through their characteristic beha
vior toward their environment, the
Party, their work and the society
Dr Kosa's vehicle for obtaining
information about this second gen
eration of Soviet man was through
the "tell-a-story" method. He in
terviewed a small, selected group
of refugees from behind the Iron
Curtain and asked them to narrate
a fictional story about the Com
munist regime. In this way, he
solicited the uninhibited attitudes of
Role Of Terror
The author discusses the func
tional role of terror within a totali-
The newspaperman's newspaper
The Publishers' Auxiliary is
featuring a UNC professor's study
on the relationship between com
munity newspaper editors and
The author is Kenneth R. Byerly,
an associate professor in the UNC
School of Journalism. His series
of five articles are based on the
thoughts and experiences of 18
leading correspondents from week
ly and small daily newspapers in
16 states and two Canadian pro
vinces. , , ,
Byerly is both a teacher and a
publisher. He owns two papers
(a daily and a weekly) in Mon
tana, and with his two sons he
publishes the Tidewater News, a
semi-weekly at Franklin, Va.
Prof. George B. Tindall, UNC
prdfessor of history, is the re
viewer of seven books dealing with
race ' relations, segregation and
prejudice in the current "Eman
cioation Centennial" issue of the
"Progressive" - magazine.
Tindall concludes that the gen
eral tenor of .the seven books he
reviewed "leads one to the in
evitable speculation that in the
of the National Educational Tele
vision-Radio Center, who is pres
ently visiting in Chapel ill. The
target date is January 1964.
novelty to most of those countries
under Communist rule today where
Communism has been built upon
the ruins of autocracy and dicta
torial powers and not upon the
remnants of a democratic system.
Dr. Kosa's study primarily at
tempts to see whether or not this
campaign for enforced conformity
among the second generation of So
viet man has proved to be effec
tive in the Eastern European satel
Stalin apparently failed in his
calculations despite the elaborate
plans to ' manipulate and re-form
the minds of men in these coun
tries. The revolts in Poland and
Hungary in 1956 prove that the
application of force alone will not
make the Soviet model accept
able. Since that time, methods of in
doctrination nave become more
subtle and much less offensive to
cultural or national sentiments. The
author feels that the great hope
of those behind artificial curtains
of our times lies in the improve
ment of communications and un
derstanding between the two sys
tems. Dr. Kosa was born in Hungary
and taught at the universities of
Budapest and Szeged before com
ing to America in 1950. He is the
author of "Land of Choice: The
Hungarians in Canada," and five
books in his native tongue.
next decade the center of the
most serious inter-group tensions
may shift from the South to the
Pointing out that the North is
already experiencing such tensions
to a certain extent, Prof. Tindall
reminds his readers that "many
of the inadequacies with which
the metropolitan North must
struggle were spawned in the sep
arate but unequal South."
"TECHNICAL PAPER 4"
A UNC professor has just pub
lished a paper which businessmen
and economists will find useful in
the study of long-term growth of
He is Professor of Economic
Statistics Dudley J. Cowden. His
paper is entitled "Technical Paper
4: Weights for Fitting Polynomial
In addition to aiding business
men in studying business activi
ty, Dr. Cowden's paper will also
help them to determine the cycles
which fluctuate around the busin
The purpose of "Technical Pa
per 4" is to provide a simple
and easy method of business trend
f J ' T,
(Network hookup would mean
that WUNC-FM listeners could
hear such programs as live meet
ings of the United Nations while
they are in progress, live concerts
of the Philadelphia Oratorical
Choir, the New Haven and Hart
ford Symphonies, and the New
In addition to receiving pro
grams, WUNC-FM would be con
tributing to the network by broad
casting programs to other ERN
ERJN emphasizes public affairs in
relation to current events as op
posed to "hard core news" advo
cated by commercial stations. The
network attempts to give a "back
ground in depth" of current
events, and to interpret, rather
than to make, news.
"In order to do a significant jab
in broadcasting today," s'a i d
Quayle, "stations must pool their
resources. No one station will have
the budget or resources to do it
alone," he said.
The great majority of INorth
Carolina's population are -within
the broadcasting area of WUNC
FM; network hookup" would in
crease its potential conceivably
throughout the United States.
By the end of 1964, ERN hopes
to have affiliate stations reaching
from Montreal, Canada, to Chapel
Hill. Quayle envisions nationwide
coverage within five to ten years
FROSH EXEC. COUNCIL
The Freshman Class Cabinet will
meet today at 4:30 p.m. in the
Woodhouse Room of GM.
The Caving-Climbing Club will
meet tonight at 7 in Room 302
Woollen Gym. All persons inter
ested in spelunking and rock climb
ing are invited.
A London Fog raincoat was tak
en Sunday from the Ruffin Dorm
Lounge. The student who took
this coat is known and has until
midnight tonight to return the coat.
Contact Chocky White, 102 Ruffin,
ACADEMIC AFFAIRS COMM.
The Academic Affairs Committee
will not meet this Wednesday but
will meet on Jan. 9.
FROSH FINANCE COMMITTEE
There will be a meeting of the
Freshman Finance Committee on
Wednesday, Jan. 18 at 8 p.m. in
the Grail Room.
White gold diamond watch.
Please contact Becky Croon at the
WOMEN'S RESIDENT COUNCIL
Women's Resident Council will
meet today at 6:30 in the" Grail
Room of GM.
By PAUL COOLER
"There is no substitute for first
hand experience in developing an
understanding of the UjN." Dr
Andrew Scott of the Politica:
science Department said yester
day in reference to the United Na
tions summer internship program,
This program was initiated last
year by the International Relations
Staff of the University of North
According to Scott, the program
pleased everyone including the
Secretariat so much, that it has
been extended to other schools.
The number of available positions
has also been increased.
Earl Koontz, one of last year's
interns, found the experience so
profitable that he plans to work
with the United (Nations on his own
"There is a great need for spe
cialized help in the U.N. during the
summer months." Koontz said.
"because the UJN. is not normally
in session and personnel take va
cations during this period."
Tony Harrington, another intern
ast year, said, "It is the most
valuable summer experience any
one can have."
"The class assimilation with the
operations of the organizations and
close contact with the various
people in all different offices on
very high levels makes this the
best internship program in the
Harrington-said, nearly -everyone
of the interns had his own office,1
phone and secretary. Also they met
many of the top officials- in the
United Nations, including Secre
"Anyone interested in Interna
tional Relations, not just political
science 'majors1 interested in the
United Nations,, should . apply,"
Last year two political science
majors and two history majors
"Our feeling in the Political
Science Department is that this
type program is extremely impor
"The interns don't serve as per
sonnel who do routine typing or
clerical work," he said. "They are
put on interesting assignments.
"In recent years the whole idea
of internships has proven success
ful on state and national levels.
This is an attempt to extend the
internship principle to the inter
The experience in many cases is
helpful to research in fields as
varied as population, economics,
foreign aid, technical diplomacy,
unilateral diplomacy and contem
porary history, he said.
Four internships will be avail
able this year. At least one posi
tion will be filled by a graduate
Applications will be accepted
from any student who will have
completed his junior year by the
end of this academic year but who
will not have finished his senior
Selection will be made by a
three-man committee consisting of
professors Frederic Cleaveland,
Keener P razer and Andrew .Scott.
Ability, preparation and interest
in the field of international affairs
will be the criteria used by ifae
Interns will work in the United
Nations throughout July and -August
1963. They will be assigned
duties with the Secretariat in such
branches as the Technical Assist
ance Board and the Special Fund.
Application forms can be ob
tained from (Mrs. Richey, Room
101, Caldwell Hall. All applications
must be returned to the office by
Jan. 11, 1963.
. FULTON LEWIS .
f ilton Lewis in, former ttr
search director . for the House
Committee on Un-American Ac
tivities, will speak on "The. -Future
of American Conservatism"
at 8 tonight in the Law School
Courtroom. . " -
At 26 Lewis his already estab
lished himself in politics. In .ad
dition to his HUAC work, he is
on the Board of National Direc
tors of YAF and contributes io;
the "National Review. - ' ;
f lZr I r-rr-Ti f 11 ..11.1,1 ...... m
$ . , i
STUDENT GOVERNMENT OFFICERS, com
mittee chairman, committee workers, hangers-on
and folks who just happened to be passing by, of
ficially ushered in the Yuletide season with the
first annual SG Office Party held yesterday in GM
210. The anonymous ad hoc plannedw venture fea
tured light refreshments, Santa Claus,- gifts for a
Christmas Spirit Not Hurt
By Bleak Bay In Chapel Hill
By CYNTHIA LEONARD
It takes more than a cold, bleak
day to dampen . the holiday spirit
of the children of Chapel HuL
--Tuesday -afternoon F fa n- kl i n
Street was almost deserted. The
partially assembled nativity scene
on the lawn - of ' the Methodist
Church looked cold and lifeless.
The gay , Christmas decorations in
store windows seemed somehow
tired and lacked the festive touch.
Faint strains of Christmas carols
corning-from the "Support Your
Community" booth ' only added to
the atmosphere ' of gloom.
The few people on the street al
so mirrored the day s dejection.
Twenty people passed. A boy and
girl walking hand in hand were
the only two who smiled.
The scene in a Chapel Hill dime
store was somewhat more lively.
Only a few shoppers were in the
store, but most of them seemed
more aware of the approaching
Christmas season than the people
on the street.
Two middle-aged women were
consulting each other at the decor
One, apparently a school teach-
Auditions for The Carolina
Playmakers tour productions of
"Rhinoceros" will be held Friday,
Jan. 4 at 4 and 7:30 p.m. in the
Playmakers Theatre. The Iones
co satiric comedy will run here
Feb. 13-17 prior to its one week
tour of North Carolina and Ge
orgia. A forerunner of the "theatre
of the absurd,' "Rhinoceros"
has been, a recent stage hit in
France, England and America.
There are parts for 5 women and
10 men in the Playmakers pro
duction. Tommy Rezzuto, staff director of
the Carolina Playmakers, will
stage the play. His most recent
directing . assignments here were
"Dr. Faustus" and "Summer and
Copies of "Rhinoceros" are
available for reading at 307 By
num Hall and in the Reserve
Room of the UNC library.
All students interested in the
Community Ambassador program
of the Experiment 4n International
living are invited - to attend a
meeting Tuesday; Dec. 18 at 5 p.m.
- , W A
in x court, x nose uua-u; w at
tend should notify Anne Lee Riden-
hour. 968-9097. Applications wui
be distributed at this meetin,
SEMINARS ABROAD "
ah interested rersccs are invited
to a meeting to discuss travel and
study abroad xuesaay .at yu
at the YMCA. The latest informa
tion on Seminars Abroad and other
European programs "will be given.
er, said exasperatedly, "I was
thinking of letting them make
Christmas tree ornaments but hon
Then she shook her head rueful
ly and added, "But they have so
much glee It's just wonderful."
Her companion was looking for
some "simple decorations."
"I don't know whether to get this
stuff or not. I know I'll be sorry
if I do. I just know I'll be sorry,"
she said again and again.
A tired clerk looked at her watch
With the can of sewing machine
oil, the picture hangers, notebook
and thread in one shopper's cart
was a package of Christmas cards
and some red and green ribbon.
Another wore a Christmas cor
sage on her raincoat.
An elderly gentleman unloaded
a cart heaped with various yule
tide decorations at the check-out
counter. His bill was $18.50.
College girls pondered' over
But the store belonged to the
"Is he a balloon?" asked a wide
eyed little boy, pointing to a rub
His harried mother's only an
swer was to quickly pull him away
from the counter. She hurried'
him. to the front of the store to i
find his smaller sister gazing long-1
Communication Group Busy;
Chances For New Union Good
The Communications Committee;
has recently started an extensive
program to inform Carolina stu
dents, other colleges and the state
about the activities of student gov
Division of the committee into
five parts was announced by Chair
man Bob Spearman.
The five parts and their func
1) The Exhibits Committee puts
up various displays arouna ine
campus, such as the recent one in
the library showing the organiza
tion of Student Government. It is
headed by Jack Neal.
2 J The Interschool Committee is
corresponding with schools across
the nation in order to exchange
information on mutual problems j
and ideas. The chairman is Allison
Webb. Michigan, Vanderbilt, Duke
and California have already been
contacted and an exchange is
underway. - . , .
3J The Publicity Committee,
ieaded by Owen Bishop, is respon
sible ' for informing the student
through the Daily Tar Heel and
campus bulletin boards about the
work of different organizations of
Student Government. It also sends
news to UNC to some North Caro
4) The Polling Committee checks
number of luminaries, a special gift for long-time
Executive Secretary Miss Julia Staples, folk-sing-irg
and other festivities. In the absence of Wil
liam F. Buckley, who sent his regrets, Santa
Claus spoke briefly -on "Freedom and the Welfare
State." Photo by Wallace.
ingly at the candy display, a mini
ature Santa Claus, his pack filled
with lollipops, in her hand.
While the mother was patiently
explaining why they could not buy
anv rnnHv frist- fhn n IrwiA whictlis-
af fho hant f fh cm innaf th
boy who had again wandered
r?,r fi, u r
him, he had abandoned the whistle
to return to the reindeer which
"must be a balloon, but why does
n't he pop?"
At the doll counter two 12-year
olds were making a valiant effort
to hide their fascination with a
"Chatty Cathy" doll.
A small boy with a police badge
store making imaginary arrests
and whistle was racing about the
while his brother pleaded for a
red car coat and green felt skirt,
tugged at her mother's skirt trying
to show her that special doll.
The excitement and gleeful an
ticipation of the holiday season
which the children radiated lifted
much of the gloom from the faces
of shoppers and clerks alike.
These young shoppers did little
to increase the store's business,
however. As one short, chubby
lad at the top counter solemnly
told a clerk who had inquired if'
she might help him, "I have to
wait for Santa Claus to bring me
student opinion on campus affairs.
Recent polls include feasibility of I
a bus service between UNC and'
WCUNC, student feeling concern
ing the power of the Student Legis
lature to pass resolutions and a
quiz on the student's knowledge
of the names of campus leaders.
Results of the polls are published in
the Daily Tar Heel. Chairman of
this committee is Bill Graham.
5) The Dormitory Newspaper
-Committee, led by Marty Krum-
ing, helps to find personnel to run!
dorm papers and smooths out
various problems. "Though we
have nothing to do with the actual
content of the newspapers, we are
ready to help them at any time,"
Due to the expansion cf the
Committer, there are openings -
available on it. Interested students I
The Chapel Hill Choral Club
will present a program of Christ
mas music tonight at 8 in Hill
MusJc Hall. Accompanying the
90 voice chorus will be a cham
ber orchestra composed of mem
bers of the University Symphony
Players. Admission to the con
cert is free.
L 1 Tip
New York Group
Larry Phelps confirmed his plans
yesterday to travel to Cuba over
Christmas in spite of State De
partment warnings and the with
drawal of 62 of the students from
the Cuban paid trip.
Phelps, a 21-year-old UNC stu
dent, said that he, Dennis King,
and John Salter would leave Chap
el Hill Thursday for Toronto where
they would make plane connections
to Cuba on Sunday.
In spite of stiff State Depart
ment warnings of fines or impris
onment, Phelps said that "You
can't be sure how the State De
partment will react in a situation
such as this. The prospects of
their acting to stop us are slim."
Phelps said that he was not sur
prised by the withdrawal of many
students from the trip, in fact, ha
said, "The feeling was that two
thirds of those who signed up for
the trip would drop out."
UPI Wire reports yesterday
stated that the Castro sponsored
tour of Cuba promoted by a New
York student group faced collapse
Monday after a massive withdraw
al of scheduled participants.
Sixty-two students of Buffalo
State University withdraw from
the all-expense-paid junket after
a strong State Department warn
ings of fines or imprisonment.
Travel to Cuba is illegal without
a specially validated passport.
Tour sponsors headed by Ana.
?! , Isc Scosser, 25 of New
I York City, were reported seeking
to save the expedition from total
Christmas holiday" offer to all
comers, and not just university
It was estimated last week when
the travel group's plans were ex
i posed that perhaps as many as
1250 students might make the trip.
! Schlossberg said they would come
from City College of New York
and NYU, as well as the Univer
sities of Wisconsin, Chicago, North
Carolina, California, Vermont and
Toronto, Boston U., Harvard, Ober
lin and others.
Reliable sources said travel "die
hards" in New York planned to
leave for Toronto this Saturday to
catch a free Cuban government
plane to Havana. The switch in
takeoff point from Montreal to
Toronto apparently was intended
to becloud the group's travel plans.
The sources said the junket now
was open to all who could provide
$25 for round-trip transportation to
Toronto. All other expenses are
being paid by tbe Castro regime.
"Chances of Carolina getting a
new Student Union soon look fairly
Bill Hoyle, Chairman of the
State Affairs Committee, was com
menting on capital improvements
"We must encourage the State
Legislature to appoint funds for
needed improvements," he said
during a Communications Com
mittee interview. "We have writ
ten every legislator in Raleigh and
are visiting them as much as pos
"We will definitely get a new
Student Union and Undergraduate
Library, and the only question is
when." he added. "If we can get
the money appropriated in the next
session it could be completed by
the Spring of "64."
When asked what students could
do to help, Hoyle said that they
could "Talk with their represen
tatives in the Legislature. The in
dividual student can abo talk to
the voters in his district and urge
them to vote for capital improve
ments." "The State Affairs Comrrulttee
has used almost every news media
in North Carolina to publicize the
needs of UNC, and we need the
help of every student."