Off To Alabama
The racial crisis ta Selma, Ala.,
reaching proportions of last
'", If BirminSham trouble. DTII
Managing Editor flew down yes
terday, and his exclusive report
wil1 appear in tomorrow's DTK.
TH5b. 23, 1893
UNC Freshman basketball
coach Kenny Roseirond yesterday
departed for a new job at the
University of Georgia. See story,
A A A
A proposed hamburger stand
next to the University Baptist
Church has met opposition from
the UNC Faculty Council and
Chancellor Paul F. Sharp.
Sharp, in a letter presented
to the Chapel Hill Board of
Aldermen last night, said, "We
would regard this as a most un
wise and unfortunate action and
hope that you and the appro
priate community officials can
prevent this further intrusion
into the quality and spirit of
the community's charm and ap
pearance." . The proposed hamburger
stand, one of the Bell chain.
would be built on Columbia
Street, directly across from the
Ackland Art Center.
The Faculty Council unani
mously adopted Friday an
amendment to the annual re
port of its Committee on Build
inga and Grounds. The amend
ment said, "The Faculty Coun
cil of the University of North
Carolina, recognizing the creat
value of the attractiveness of
Chapel Hill in the acquisition
and retention of faculty mem
bers, strongly urges the Board
of Aldermen to do everything
in its power to preserve this
"We request that the alder
men: 1 Make every effort to
prevent improper and undesir
able commercial construction
both downtown and in suburban
areas; 2 Implement the up
grading of zoning classifications
"3 Deny development pro
posals which may damage any
areas of the town; 4 Offer vig
orous support, in every way
possible, for an, early and ex
tensive implementation of ,.an
open spaces program; 5 Pre
vent the damaging exploitation
jof Chapel Hill's more scenic
areas, in order to allow the
open spaces program an oppor
tunity to acquire and preserve
Van McNair, a junior from Los
Angeles, Calif., was elected chair
man of the Men's Council for next
year. The elections were held in
Also elected were Stu Kagel as
vice-chairman and Dick Young as
Full details will appear in to
16th State Fire
Quickly Put Out
RALEIGH UPl N. C. State
students extinguished a fire
in a vacant room at the
Lambda Chi Alpha Fraterni
ty House early Sunday.
Detective Capt. R. E.
Goodwin said the blaze was
discovered about 5 a.m. by
students. He said there was
little damage and it appear
ed that someone had empti
ed the contents of a waste
basket and ignited it.
It was the 16th fire believ
ed to have been deliberately
set on the campus since mid
December. By FRED THOMAS
DTH Staff Writer
"I believe that the action of the
trustees, which was approved by
the General Assembly March 2,
will be considered, 25 years from
now, as the most important single
action of the 1965 session."
This was consolidated Univer
sity Vice President A. K. King's
comment on the recent addition
of Charlotte College as the fourth
campus of the University of North
Carolina. t .
King has been the Consolidated
University's man on the scene
for the Charlotte College addition
and has spent the last several
months there, leading the study
of the need for another campus.
What It Means
'Making Charlotte College a
campus of the university brings
to bear air the resources of the
institution in the development of
a good undergraduate liberal arts
college and ultimate as the
m - i
j -.- v w "
QUEEN OF THE MILITARY BALL, Patti
Fields is crowned by Charles Tate at the ball
.which was held Saturday night at the Durham
Fraternities Here To Stay
By ED VICK
DTII Feature Writer
What does Dean of Men Wil
liam G. Long think about the
future of fraternities at UNC?
"Ten years from now I think
there will be 23 social fraterni
ties and four professional fra
ternities here, just as there are
With recent innovations such
as deferred rush and the Resi
dence College System challeng
ing the fraternities, many feel
that the Greek system is doom
ed and will gradually disappear
from the University Commun
ity. "It is an intangible thing that
causes a house to go off cam
pus," Dean Long said. How
ever, he fears that perhaps one
or two houses might disband
for financial reasons.
"Deferred rush will help fra
ternities," he said. "The num
ber of men pledged this year
was not as high as in previous
years, but fraternities have
pledged more men that they
can initiate than ever before."
He referred to the fact that
all freshmen who rushed this
spring were required to have at
least a "C" average last fall.
As a result, they can be initiat
ed this semester. Many fresh
men in the past who pledged in
their first semester could not
be initiated because they would
fail to make their grades.
Dean Long disagrees with the
neonle who feel that the Kesi
dence College System will be
a major blow to fraternities.
"Tn the ideal residence col
lege system there would be ab
solutely no need for fraterni
ties" Dean Lon2 said. But he
thinks this ideal would be dif
ficult, if not impossible, to
He said that the system
could helD fraternities by fore
ing them to re-evaluate them
selves and improve.
"There must be some genu
ine content to fraternity life,"
he said. "It must encourage
people to achieve."
He believes that within the
changing University Commun
ity fraternities must mature to
keen nace. "The students are
needs of the state warrant and
as the resources of the state per
mit, the development of a full
Interpreting this statement of
what the newly passed legislation
means he said, "If you want to
consider the short term view, con
sider how different Charlotte Col
lege will be two years from now.
It will be a strong unGergraduate
institution and the fact that it is
a branch of the university will
attract better prepared-and more
capable students and staff than it
'Thinking in terms of 20 or 20
years from now, try to envision
what has happened to UNC, N. C.
State, WC or Duke in the last
20 or 30 years, realizing that
things are likely to happen more
rapidly in generations ahead than
in the one we have just come
Why was Charlotte College made
getting smarter. They are bet
ter settled people.
"The university of the future
will be a more mature place,"
he added. "Fraternities will
have to work harder.
"IFC leadership is excellent,
and the general quality of fra
ternity leadership has improv
ed." He believes that the change
in outlook will have to center
on doing away with the "Mick
ey Mouse" aspects of the fra
ternity system and reducing
emphasis on social life.
"Stressing the social life in a
balanced way would be good,"
he said. "A man who is social
ly adjusted is a better student."
He praised fraternities for be
ing "organized on a generally
disorganized campus," but
pointed out that this is not
"Fraternities must be a posi
tive experience," he said.
"Drinking beer gets old after
fP- IV '1 fir r rf iv.w.-ji,jri. ihiYrt.Vi iViiYVrrtvtfr'-Vf-VVVAn'n'i'n'i'r-V J-,
Literacy Lmv Unanimously
Nixed By Supreme Court
WASHINGTON W) The Su-
preme Court upheld Monday the
right of the U. S. Attorney Gen
eral to bring suit against a state
and its officials to protect the
voting rights of Negroes under fed
The unanimous ruling reversed
a decision by a three-judge U. S.
District Court in Jackson dismiss
ing a suit against Mississippi fil
ed by the Attorney General under
federal voting laws.
Justice Hugo L. Black, speak
ing for the court, said Mississippi
would "without justification in rea
son diminish the power of courts
to protect the people of this coun
try against deprivation and des
truction by states of their federal
ly guaranteed rights."
He said the suit should be
brought to trial without delay.
The high tribunal also unani
mously struck down as a viola
tion of the 14th Amendment pro-
Oumr New Brother
a part of the University of North
In answer to this frequently
asked question King said:
"Reliable predictions indicate
that the demand for graduate and
professional education will in
North Carolina will increase more
than 300 per cent in the next 10
"The three existing campuses
will be called on . to take care of
most of the expansion in the next
decade.. However, there is every
reason to believe that the demand
for advanced professional and
graduate education wil continue
to expand and North Carolina will
need another major university in
the decade following 1975.
"The trustees, in recommend
ing Charlotte College as the four
th campus, were looking forward
to the time when it would be need
ed to carry out the university's
"It was also demonstrated that
CHAPEL HILL, NOKTri" CAROLINA, TUESDAY, MARCH
3 t a
Civic Center. UNC's ace high-hurdler, Milt
Baugess, is Patti's escourt.
Photo by Lauterer
r a '
WILLIAM G. LONG
voting rights a
Louisiana law' requiring appli
cants to interpret reasonably any
section of the State or U. S. Con
stitution. Louisiana has abandon
ed this law but other states have
similar ones. .
And the court agreed to review
a decision upholding Virginia's
$1.50 annual poll tax as a require
ment to vote in state and local
The court agreed with the lower
court that the 21 parishes (coun
ties) which used the old Louisiana
test must- delay use of a new
test until they order complete re
registration of voters "so that the
new test will apply alike to all
Under the new law, Louisiana
said, an applicant is "required
to indiscriminately draw one of
10 cards. Each card has sLx mul
tiple choice questions, four of
which the applicant must answer
a university campus located in
the Charlotte area would serve the
maximum number of commuting
students and would find waiting
a potential pool of graduate stu
dents among the public school
teachers, engineers, employees of
major industrial, banking and
commercial firms, and many oth
ers who need opportunity for ad
'The Charlotte campus, which
already possesses 900 acres of
land, is well-situated for develop
ment into a major university."
King said that Charlotte was
picked to be the new university
campus because "it is a satisfac-.
tory nucleus around w hich to
build." He pointed out, however,
that "much remains even to make
it a good undergraduate institu
tion. "At present CC has a student
body of about 1,500. There is a
full-time staff of 72. of which 42
To World Affairs
By JOYCE DEATON
- . DTII Feature Writer
Chancellor Paul F. Sharp wftT
.participate in a panel discussion
on "Hie U. S. Citizen and U. S.
Foreign Policy" at the 15th an
nual N. C. Conference on World
Affairs to be held in Hill Hall
Mrs. Guy Johnson of Chapel Hill,
member of the sponsoring N. C.
Council on World Affairs, describ
ed the purpose of the conference
"to acquaint the citizens of North
Carolina with the issues in world
affairs and give them some back
ground information by which
they may judge world events.
"So many people are confused
about Viet Nam, for instance,"
she stated. "Somebody asked me
just the other day why we keep
dropping bombs in Viet Nam. 'Isn't
it just awful? Why can't we do
something about it,' he asked.
"So many people don't understand
that this is necessary in order to
negotiate from strength instead
of weakness," she said.
Also taking part in the con
ference will be Dr. Frank Porter
Graham, UN representative for
India and Pakistan; Dr. S. Shep
ard Jones, Burton Craige, Profes
sor of Political Science of UNC;
Mr. Jack Lasley, director of the
Institute for International Studies;
and Dr. Anne Scott, assistant pro
fessor of history at Duke Univer
sity. Theme of the conference will
be the title of a speech to be
given by Dr. Harlan Cleveland,
U. S. Assistant Secretary of State
for International Organization A
fairs, "The Role of the U. S. in
Also addressing the group will
be Mr. William S. Gaud, deputy
administrator of the U. S. Agency
for International Development,
on "U. S. Foreign Aid: Political
or Moral Issue?" and Mrs. Eliza
beth Koontz, president; of the Na
tional Association for ' Classroom
Teachers. ' '
Member organizations in the
Council now total 23, and include
such organizations as the N. C.
chapters of the American Associa
tion for the UN, American As
sociation of University Women,
League of Women Voters, Con
gress of Parents and Teachers,
and the Committee of National
and World Affairs of the N. C.
Council of Churches.
AH sessions of the conference
will be open to the public, and
students are welcomed, accord
ing to Mrs. Johnson.
A low-cost life insurance plan,
available to graduate and under
graduate students on a voluntary
basis, is now being offered through
Student Government and the Unit
ed States National Student Associ
ation. A $10,000 policy, without re
strictions of any kind, is under
written by the American Health
and Life Insurance Company of
Baltimore, Md. for $20 a year.
Bob Spearman, Student Govern
ment president, said, "Neither the
University nor the Student Gov
ernment is involved in the sale
of life insurance, but those stu
dents or their family, who have
need for coverage, are invited to
explore the plan in detail."
per cent has PhD's, and enough
part-time staff members to equal
at least six additional full-time
"The biggest problem will be
in addiing to the faculty as the
enrollment expands and as new
positions become available through
"Presently the faculty is quite
Concerning the student body,
King said, "I have looked at the
records of every freshman admit
ted last fall and I did not see
a student that would not have
been eligible for admission to the
He noted that the quality of
student at CC can be expected to
remain high in the coming years
since, "they have been using uni
versity minimum admission stand
ards for the last two years. Also,
since it is a part of the university
(Continued on Page 3)
DA NANG, Viet Nam, CAP)
Two battalions of U. S. Marines,
newly landed by sea and air, dug
in methodically last night to re
inforce defense of the Da Nang
Air Base. The Muzzles of recoil
less rifles and machine guns
bristled from their lines.
A single sniper's bullet symbo
lized Communist objections to the
buildup of American forces at the
base, a key installation for strikes
against both the Viet Cong and
North Viet Nam.
The bullet plowed harmlessly
into one wing of a C130 transport
inbound with a load of leather
necks from Okinawa. The plane
Abroad, however, there was a
barrage of criticism from Com
munist quarters. And some non
Communists, including leaders of
the left wing of Britain's ruling
Labor Party, joined in the outcry.
In a typical comment, the So
viet Government newspaper Iz
vestia charged the landings were
"a new phase of the aggressive
policy of the U.S.A. in South Viet
Nam" that showed Washington
has decided to widen the war.
A Viet Cong representative in
Peking, Nguyen, Minh Phong,
said the red guerrillas were con
sidering retaliatory action. It was
not brought out what form such
retaliatory action might take.
About 400 Viet Cong attacked
a special forces camp in Binh
Dinh Province, 120 miles south of
Legislature Gets Court Bill
RALEIGH (AP) The 1965
General Assembly Monday night
received a bill to completely
revamp the North Carolina low
er court system, including elim
ination of justices of the reace
and creation of a District Court
The 115-page measure was
drafted by the 15 - member
Courts Commission to imple
ment a revision of the judicial
article of the state Constitution.
A statewide referendum was
approved in November, 1962,
calling for a change in the Con
stitution by rewriting the ar
ticle. The commission, established
by the 1963 General Assembly
and headed by. Sen. Lindsay
Warren Jr., said it took 14
months to rewrite the section.
The life of the commission ends
Jan. 1, 1971, the constitutional
deadline for completion of the
The bill leaves the State Su
preme and Superior courts bas
ically as they are, but places
all lower courts under the new
District Court Division. The
three divisions make up the
"General Court of Justice."
The commission outlined the
system this way:
1. The Supreme Court con
tinues to possess its traditional
general appellate jurisdiction
and its limited recommendation
of a original jurisdiction with
respect to claims against the
2. Superior Courts possess
general original jurisdiction "ex
cept as otherwise provided by
the General Assembly."
3. Clerks of Superior Court
possess such jurisdiction and
power as may be provided by
the General Assembly by uni
formly applicable general law.
4. The District Court and its
magistrates possess such juris
diction as may be provided by
The bill establishes a post of
magistrate as part of the Dis
trict Court and gives that of
fice some of the duties of the
present justice of the peace.
The bill makes the district
judge a full-time elective office
with an annual salary of S15,000.
"One of the criticisms of our
present system of lower courts
has been that the judges were,
for the most part, part-time of
ficials whose primary interests
lay in other directions and who
therefore could not bring to the
office the required degree of
the commission said in its 46
The measure also outlines a
uniform fee system ana pro
vides for an administrative di
rector, who will serve under the
chief justice on a full-time ba
sis. The commission said it would
offer an appropriations bill at a
later date that will not involve
more than $1 million for the
coming beinnium and "a sub
stantial part of this will be off
set by anticipated revenues
from court costs."
It said the "creation of the
District Court Division of the
Defend Viet Air Strip
Da Nang. They were reported to
have killed at least 33 Govern
ment troops, but left 57 of their
own dead behind in retreat. There
were scattered clashes elsewhere.
In the Da Nang landings, the
weather proved to be more of an
annoyance than enemy action.
Low clouds cut visibility of the
C130 pilots. Heavy surf churned
the beaches where marines, tanks
and artillery streamed ashore
frem landing craft.
Six of the Marines were re
ported injured. Two suffered
broken legs and ribs of another
were crushed. One had a head
cut, one a cut' knee and another
was burned while refuelling a
About 3,500 men, all from the
3rd Marine division on Okinawa,
were involved in the movement,
which is expected to be complet
ed tomorrow. It was estimated
2,500 were on hand by dusk.
Already on duty in the northern
zone of South Viet Nam were
about 1,200 Marines. One bat
talion mans the hawk antiair
craft missiles supplementing the
fighter jets based at Da Nang.
It is reported some of the hawks
and some of the newly arrived
marines will move to a 1,000-foot-high
hill four miles west of the
runway to plug a possible breach
in the security system.
Bravo company, 1st battalion,
3rd Marine Corps Regiment, was
set for what might come at the
out question the major problem
confronting the General Assem
bly in the process of implement
ing the Constitution."
The Commission said the dis
trict court will replace the near
ly 200 general acts, special
acts, municipal, county, do
mestic relation, juvenile and ap
proximately 1,000 justice of the
The Commission said it con
sidered several alternative
plans of implementation and de
cided "on a middle ground po
sition which immediately cre
ates district court districts
throughout the state, but estab
lishes district courts therein in
accordance with a three-step
schedule extending over a per
iod of four years."
Selma Crisis Sparks Demonstration
ijimh Hi11.!?1 m
s. -X.Z" 'is?.-
MRS. JOAN DRAKE, of Chapel Hill, marches with eight other
demonstrators in front of the post office protesting alleged police
brutality in Selma, Ala. Photo by Jock Lauterer.
Eight Picket Here
Don't make Selma an American
Budapest," read the sign of one
"Federal Intervention NOW!"
For two hours picketers protest
ed the events in Selma, Ala. in
front of the Post Office.
An integrated group of about
eight mostly UNC students called
for public action.
See Related Story, Page 3
"We want an extensive tele
gram and letter writing campaign
to government officials calling for
a halt to police brutality in Ala
bama," said a group spokseman.
"Perhaps our effort isn't much,
but we feel we must protest There
is going to be a negrative reac
Volume 72, Number 103"
south end of the air base.
Despite the full-cocked appear
ance of the helmetcd Marines
outside their pup tents, they were
pretty well guarded by Vietnam
ese government soldiers manning
outposts and ambush positions out
side the base perimeter.
As night settled, a land min
planted by the Vietnamese army
months ago went off about 500
yards from the company.
A noncommissioned officer call
ed: "Take it easy, it's probably
only a rat."
In keeping with orders when
combat is not considered immi
nent, most of the Marines did
not have ammunition in their
weapons. One who had a clip
in his M14 rifle was told by an
"Get that damned ammunition
out of there."
The ground rules appeared
somewhat vague. But the battal
ion commander, Lt. Col. Herbert
J. Bain, said his men were ready
to tackle anything.
Capt. Richard Ross of Lin
coln, Kan., who had previously
spent five weeks in Viet Nam
as an observer, remarked that
"those government posts out
there are good ones."
"I helped set up some of
them a couple of months ago,"
Sgt. Earl House of Garden
Grove, Calif., reached the base
at 2 p.m. and was well estab
lished in a command post tent
by nightfall. He ate cold frank
furters and beans from a C-ra-tion
Pvt. Peter J. Harvey of As
bury Park, N. J., sat beside his
ration steak over flaming heat
M60 machine cun heating a C-
The battalion command tent
was set up with radios working
less than one hour after the
first company landed.
What galled some of the ma
rines was their job as static
defense of the air base and
"We're preparing to go on pa
trol, but there's not any indica
tion that it will be soon," one
Pvt. Robert J. Lapcrle, a
rifleman from Cumberland,
R. I., said he was eager for
"It's best to get these things
over with," he said. "It could
have been done much easier
tion all over the country," said
Charles Miller, a junior from
"I would like to think that our
efforts here would awaken the
UNC campus to the events there.
I have heard comments on it all
morning. I would hope that every
Civic group would send a tele
gram to Mr. Johnson," he said.
Herb Billicli, a junior from Ne.v
York City, said he was participat
ing to demonstrate sympathy for
the people of Selma.
"Through this form of protest
the American public can be made
aware of the crimes and assaults
by the state police on the Negroes
of Alabama," he said.
No further demonstrations were
planned, a group spokesman said.