Continued fair and cool.
Wanna hear your candidates?
They'll be in Grimes at 10 p.m.
and Whitehead at 11 pja.
n i i i it 11
There are commercial postcards
on sale in Alabama that depict
the state's bound ry lines extend
ing from the . Gulf , of Mexico to
the Canadian border.
The enlarged area occupies .ful
ly one-third of the United States
map. The caption reads: "The
The vastness and implied
strength of the mock superstate
are indicative of the way many
Selmans and Alabamians look , at
themselves and their state. J
"In that part of the South,"
some say, "the people live in an
While they do not live in an
other world they do live in one
where the concept of segregation
is hard, fast and full of fears.
Their greatest fear appears to
be the political potential of the
Negroes. Many deep South areas
are like Dallas County where Ne
groes outnumber whites three to
Selmans are quick to admit that
they do not want all Negroes to
have voting rights.
"For the most part," one man
said, "they are uneducated."
"Anyway," said another, "how
would you like Negroes running
your local government?"
So the citizens of Selma and
hundreds of other communities
hide behind the worn-cloak of
"Southern tradition" and fight to
resist change in their social sys
tem, one which has prevailed
Things haven't changed much
there since the passage of the
Civil Bights Bill of 1964.
Don Wasson, managing editor f
of the Montgomery Advertiser,
puts it this way:
"In Selma you have a people
who, nutured on tradition as old
as Selma ! itself, have resisted
change with all their hearts and
souls. They are a people who are
conservative in their thoughts and
actions and the forcible disrup
tion of their traditions by an all
powerful government has been a
bitter pill to swallow."
They don't swallow well.
Selma Public Safety Director
Wilson Baker told a January
meeting of a local civic club:
"This administration feels that
it has a responsibility to lead Sel
ma through the maze of legal
transitions resulting from the
passage of the Civil Rights Bill."
Sounds good. But Baker didn't
reflect this stand Tuesday as he
waited for the marchers near
Brown Chapel A.M.E. Church.
"What will you do if they
march," reporters demanded.
Baker had one answer which
he' gave through clinched teeth
with a scowl on his face: "We
got plans for 'era."
Selma is like an armed camp
City police, sheriff's deputies
and state troopers patrol the
streets, usually in cars.
The walking is often left to
Sheriff James Clarke's possemen,
"storm troopers" they are called
by some observers. They are lo
cal residents hired by Clark to
augment his regular staff of dep
They were out in full force Tues
So with a virtual army Selma
has barricaded itself in the sou
thern part of the Alabama super
And it has support from Mont
gomery, the state capital where
Gov. George Wallace is not only
a leader in the eyes of Selmans,
lie is a hero the segregationist's
- He is as unbending as the Sel
mans. But the civil rights movement
is also unbending.
"This is a new day for the
Southj: said Mrs. Amelia Boyn
ton, Alabama secretary of the
Southern Christian Leadership
Conference. "They have got to
realize this." !
But the Selmans don't or won't.
And the situation there is at
So there is trouble in the heart
nf the superstate, but the resi
R w-r;. :.
r 1 -
I r , '
I ''x ;
dents don't admit guilt. "The fault
of outside agitators," they say.
To some degree they are right
and militant rights leaders must
share some blame for the in
juries and deaths that have re;
But the stark fact remains that
(Continued on Page 2
Little Ruffle Seen
In Clause Decision
A survey of sororities and frat- ther developments" before taking
ernities on campus here revealed any action, according to KA vice
that the recent decision of the president Borden Parker.
Faculty Committee on Sororities jqQ statement
and fraternties calling for the vr,n ri
abolition or waiver of discrimina- f"f eta. soron 01 cials
tory clauses by Sept. 1, 1966 will SLZ T
' A-JnKr tl0nal Pollcy they would make
Only one fraternity on campus
with a discriminatory clause is
not seeking a waiver or clarifica
tion from its national offices, and
one sorority has refused com
ment on the subject.
Kappa AfphTSemny, whose
membership is limited to "white
Christians" only, is awaiting "fur-
Tickets are available at the GM
Information Desk and will be
available at the door for the Eu
gene Istomin concert in Memorial
Hall at 8 p.m. tonight.
The balcony will be reserved
for UNC students.
Istomin, one of America's lead
ing keyboard . virtuosos, though
still in his mid-thirties, s a vet
eran of the concert stage.
He began what has become
world-wide career in 1943 when,
as winner of the Youth Contest
of the Philadelphia Orchestra, he
made his bow with that company
playing the Chopin F Minor Con
A few days later he made his
. New York debut in Carnegie Hall
with the N. Y. Philharmonic Sym
phony as winner of the Leventritt
Istomin's career began to span
the continents after 1950 when
Pablo Casals requested that he
be invited to the Bach Festival
at Prades, France. - --' '
Since that time he has played
repeatedly in nearly every major
This "poet of the piano" as
the New York "World Telegram"
called him, is also featured on
a growing list of Columbia Mas
South Africa's apartheid system
of segregation will be discussed
in an open meeting of the Caro
lina Political Union Sunday at 9
p.m. in the Grail Room of Gra
Leading the discussion will be
Magnus Gunther, a UNC gradu
ate student in political science
and past president of the bi-racial
National Union of South African
Gunther has worked in the sec
retariat of the International Stu
dent Conference in Leyden, Hol
land. - '
New members of the CPU are
David Kiel, Miriam Lane, Rob
ert Farb, Baron Holmes, Roy
Sparrow, Jim Medford and Dan
Sought By Y
A meeting will be held today
at 4 p.m. in Gerrard for persons
now engaged in the YM-YMCA
tutor project and for additional
Almose 100 UNC students are
now engaged in tutorial work with
public school pupils in Chapel Hill
and surrounding areas, but Nancy
Elkins, YM-YWCA associate di
tnr savs. "The demand for
tutors continues to exceed the
supply. We are getting requests
for tutors to help children of both
races at all grade levels,
students interested in partici
pating in this program should at
tend today s meeting. .
Additional information is avail
able at 203 Y-Building.
ThP School of Library Science
will again offer a course in law
lihrarianshh) in the first term of
the 1965 summer session, June
10 to July 17. Intended for those
who are nreoaring for careers as
law librarians and for those who
may now be working m law li
braries, this course augments the
curriculum in law li&ranansmp
which trie School has been develop
ing since 1953.
no. statement about their by-laws
or constitution with regard to
the issue. Their membership is
closed to Negroes and non-Christians.
The Kappa Delta chapter at the
by the University far not comply
ing with requests to abolish or
I waive their clause.
All other sororities on campus
have publicly stated that they
have no discrinrnatory clauses.
An official of Pi Kappa Phi frat
ernity, which was listed as hav
ing a secret clause against Ne
groes and non-Christians in a 1963
survey by the DTH, said Univer
sity officials were presently ne
gotiating with its national offices.
Chi Phi and Phi Delta Theta
fraternities have clauses restrict
ing membership to individuals
"socially acceptable to national,"
but officials or Doth houses say
they expect no difficulties.
"We have had members who
were Jews, Chinese and 'Japan
ese, cm I'm president Dick
Stone said, "and there has been
no trouble over this in the his
tory of our fraternity."
Sigma Nu president Warren
Price said his fraternity has al
ready applied for a waiver from
its "whites only" clause, and is
expecting confirmation within the
All other fraternities on campus
have no clause or have received
For Speaker Ban
Several anti-communist speak
er measures, -calling to mind
North Carolina's Speaker Ban
Law, were introduced Wednesday
into the South Carolina legisla
ture. One bill would prohibit campus
talks by known Communists, per
sons who advocate the overthrow
of the U. S. or South Carolina
constitutions, and persons who
have pleaded the 5th amendment
in loyalty cases. . .
Introduction of the speaker-ban
proposals came three weeks after
a lecture at Winthrop College by
Dr. Stringfellow Barr, an avow
ed opponent of the House Un
American Activities Committee.
Gov. Donald Russell, who just
this week cautioned Winthrop
College to screen its speakers
more carefully, said Wednesday
that he questioned "The need for
this type of legislation in our
Winthrop President Charles S.
Davis said yesterday that he is
opposed "to any so-called speaker
i - - - ' -- , , . Jr""' , J
r . - . r " i; i
: . - s -' - s i ' i
. 5 y , - - ; !
xi - r -,
r v 'j
jf:--:...? :-;;i::s ;. ? S v
S , i i s
CHANCELLOR PAUL SHARP addresses the N. C, Council on
World Affairs yesterday during a panel discussion as Dr. Anne
Scott, assistant professor of history at Duke listens. Both were
members of a panel on "The U. S. Citizen and U. S. Foreign
Policy." The statewide meeting was held in Hill Hall.
- - Photo by Jock Lauterer.
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CARQUNFmDAYrMiCH 12. 1965
" " -I
To Begin March
Katzenbach Pledges Action
Against M Deputies
WASHINGTON U!) Atty. Gen.
Nicholas Katzenbach , pledged
Thursday the government will
move promptly to file' charges
against Alabama deputies and
state troopers he said violated
federal law in a Sunday civil
rights confrontation at Selma.
Katzenbach said federal officials
are "working around the clock"
to identify people responsible for
"The violations would come out
of the fact that they used a total
ly unreasonable use of force under
the circumstances," he said.
The confrontation came in Sel
ma, Ala., as civil rights demon
strators tried to launch a march
on Montgomery, the state capital;
Katzenbach said investigations
are underway now in an attempt
to linK individuaiswltn tne specif
ic offenses he considers involv
ed. ; ' .... ' ..
Potentially, Katzenbach said,
100 Alabama officers could be in
volved. But he said specific com
plaints could not be substantiat
ed against all of them.
In his televised news conference,
Katzenbach also said he expects
to submit to the President tomor
row recommendations for voting
rights legislation, and expects
the President will send congress
a message on the - subject next
Meanwhile, in Montgomery, Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr. took his
spreading Negro voter drive into
federal court Thursday and told
the judge that unless his people
could march, a racial explosion
King said he ; led a massive
street march in Selma two days
ago in the face of a court ban
only after a federal spokseman
handed him a march route and
said, "I think everything will be
The Negro leader, winner of
the 1964 . Nobel Peace Prize,
I . BULLETIN
jlev. James J. Reeb of Boston
died last night in University Hos
pital in Birmingham, Ala. Reeb
had been in a coma for two days
after he was attacked by a band
of white men Tuesday night in
sought a right-to-march ruling for
his twice-thwarted 50-mile pil
grimage from Selma to Montgom
ery. ? There were these other develop
ments in the steadily intensify
ing racial struggle:
White and Negro demonstra
tors flopped to the floor of a
corridor in the White House in
an unprecedented sit-in , at the
nation's executive mansion. There
were a dozen in the group.
4,Rain ,- soaked ; demonstrators
fcept up a marathon street vigil
in Selma for a critically injured
Boston minister, clubbed by a
white gang Tuesday night in Sel
ma. The victim, the Rev. James
J. Reeb, remained in a deep
coma in a Birmingham Hospital.
A fourth white man was ar
rested in Selma and charged with
U. S. May Hit Hard
At N. Viet Buildup
WASHINGTON UP) Increas
ing concentration of enemy battle
units in South Viet Nam was re
ported Thursday with hints that
the United States may apply more
pressure on Viet. Gong and their
North Vietnamese partner.
Not only have more red battal
ions been observed in the north
and central portions of South Viet
Nam over the last two or three
months, but increasing numbers
of soldiers who are natives of
Red North Viet Nam have been
found among prisoners captured
from Viet Cong outfits.
Defense weapons experts have
said the quality of arms used by
the Communists has been improv
ing steadily in the past six or
The weapons, manufactured by
the Chinese from Russian models,
range from assault rifles to anti
tank bazooka type weapons;
The experts praised the quality
of the arms, which seemed rather
heavy considering the small sta
ture of . most Vietnamese who
would use them.
The official U. S position on
South Viet Nam was restated
Thursday by ' Secretary of De
fense Robert S. McNamara in
testimony before the House For
eign Affairs Committee. He re
peated the declaration he made
recently in his annual military
posture statement, saying that if
South Viet Nam faills to the Com
munists the United States would
"have to face the same problem
all over again in another place
or, permit them to have all of
Southeast Asia by default."
A meeting by President Johnson
with McNamara and Secretary of
State Dean Rusk last night gave
rise to speculation that methods
for tightening the pressure on the
Viet Cong and North Vietnamese
reds, and new and more far
ranging air strikes against North
Viet Nam might have been dis
In addition to this, the number
of American military men is be
ing increased slowly- but steadily
assault with intent to murder in
the beating. Police said he was
Odel Hoggle, 30, an auto mechan
ic. A group of about 80 Negroes
marched through downtown Mont
gomery. They stood on the steps
of a church one block from the
Capitol and sang freedom songs.
In a packed courtroom, King
testified of tension among demon
strators when he led a Tuesday
march, of 2,500 Negroes and white
clergymen at Selma. He said the
tension followed Sunday's march
when state troopers clubbed and
tear gassed the demonstrators.
"And then you directed these
people into the' streets in masses,
did you?" snapped attorney Maury
Smith represented Gov. George
C.,Wallace and CoL. Albert J.
Lingo, commander" of - the state
police.1"-'. ' -
"I did that," the stocky Negro
minister replied in a calm, meas
. ured voice, "knowing that it would
give the people a creative, non
violent way to relieve the tension
otherwise, it would explode some
in South Viet Nam, over and above
the 3,500-man augmentation in the
form of two Marine battalions sent
. Except for the Marine outfits
for defense of the Dan Nang Air
Base area, no single large unit
has been sent into South Viet
Nam. The buildup from a low
point of about 16,000 more
than a year ago to nearly 27,000
has been through individuals or
small units of 100 men or less.
At this point, there seems to
be no firm indication that any
large size American units, per
haps as big as an infantry divi
sion, is scheduled for South Viet
Nam. But obviously plans for Viet
Nam are being kept in fluid state.
Gen. Harold K. Johnson, the
army chief of staff, is now on a
fact-finding mission in Viet Nam.
'Moral9 Task Force
To Visit Wednesday
Members of a Moral Re-Armament task force, on a speaking
tour of southern universities, will be here Wednesday at 3 p.m.
in Memorial Hall. Carolina Forum will sponsor the visit.
Olympic Gold Medal winner and three times member of
Helm's Hall of Fame for rowing Richard Wailes heads the
Wailes describes MRA as "an idea which will equip man
kind to live in the nuclear age."
Traveling with Wailes and his wife Lynn are Charlotte Daneel,
daughter of international rugby football player George Daneel;
Emiko Chiba, of Japan whose grandfather is a member of
parliament and leading advisor to the cabinet; and the three
Colwell Brothers, television and recording stars from Hollywood,
who have just returned from a 174,000-mile tour of 37 countries
on six continents.
The Colwell Brothers have composed a song for UNC and
will sing it here.
At the request of the U. S. Olympic Committee, Wailes wrote
the statement of aims and goals adopted by the 1964 U. S. team.
Because of his training with Moral Re-Armament he was asked
to give orientation to the entire team on how to represent America
most effectively while in Japan.
The effect of his work drew comment by the Japanese and
Russian press on the sense of purpose and discipline in Americans.
By KERRY SIPE
DTH Staff Writer
Pulitzer prize-winner Karl Shapiro and William Schu
man and historian Jacques Barzun will headline the 1965
Fine Arts Festival March 30 through April 5, it was
The week-long program, entitled "Encounter: Arts
and the University" is a biennial program which is plan
ned to alternate with the Carolina Symposium on odd
This is the first year that the Festival has been con
ducted. Poet Karl Shapiro will launch the festival on March
30, with readings of his Pul
itzer Prize-winning verse.
Shapiro, who won the Prize
during World War II for his
collection "V-Letter and Other
Poems" is dubbed by critics as
representative of the Alan Gins
berg school of beat verse.
Pianist Peter Nero will pre
sent a concert March 30 of
light music. Nero's appearance
in Chapel Hill is sponsored by
Graham Memorial and the Fine
An address by Pulitzer Prize
winning composer William Schu
man and a concert from his
works by the University Chorus,
Glee Club, and Symphony will
make up the second day of the
Schuman, now president of
the Lincoln Center for the Per
forming Arts and the past presi
dent of the Julliard School of
Music, has composed eight sym-
phones, three film scores, and
an opera, among other works.
, . Award Winner
He is the winner of two Gug
genheim Fellowships in recent
The University Chorus, di
' rected by Wayne Zarr, and the
University Men's Club, directed
by Joel Carter, will present a
program of three of Schuman's
choral works. The University
Symphony orchestra under the
direction of Earl Slocum, will
perform two of Schuman's
Schuman's prize-winning com
position, "A Free Song," will
be performed as a finale by
both chorus and orchestra.
On the third night of the Fes
tival week, Bosley Crowther,
New York Times screen critic
and movie editor will partici
pate in a discussion about "Con
temporary Trends in Motion
After a showing of an experi
mental film entitled "The Play
ground" Crowther will discuss
the film with its producer-director,
Richard Hilliard, and
its screenwriter, George Gar
rett. The panel will be mod
erated by James Beveridge of
the North Carolina film board.
"The Playground" is about
"the fifth horseman of the
Apocalypse anxiety," accord
ing to producer-director Hilli
ard. The film will receive its
southern and perhaps its nation
al premiere at the Fine Arts
Sculptor Seymour L i p t o n ,
whose works are in most major
museums of the world, will use
his own film "Archangel" to il
lustrate a talk on training, pa-
c Continued on page 3)
Volume 72, Number 111
In 'Billy Rudd'
By an ironic twist in casting,
the Carolina Playmakers' forth
coming production of "Billy Budd"
will feature roommates as the op
posing symbols of absolute good
and absolute evil.
The powerful sea drama, adapt
ed from Herman Melville's short
novel, will run March 23 through
Christopher Parsons and Char
les Schmick, both of Baltimore,
Md., and new roommates, have
been cast as Billy Budd and John
Claggart, respectively. Parsons
and Schmick also have appeared
together in high school and com
munity theater productions in the
Director Foster Fitz-Simons an
nounced the casting of other ma
jor roles: Captain Vere, Bill
Goodykoontz, a member of the
staff of the Department of Eng
lish; Squeak, Douglas Barger of
Kannopolis; The Danskcr, Rich
ard F. Willhite. Richmond Heights,
Mo.; and Jenkins, Bill Smith, Ra
leigh. Others in the cast are: Mark
Handler, Durham; Chuck Wrye,
Greensboro; William McDaniel,
Bronxville, N. Y.; Carlton New
toe, Gastonia; Tom Myers, Sea
Girt, N. J.; Terry Hoffman. Syra
cuse, N. Y.; William Feingold,
Melrose, Mass,; Jerry R. Fanner,
Winstcn-SaJcm; Tom Wilsoa, Bing
hampton. N. Y.; Stephen Chand
ler, Durham: John A. Baker III,
Charlotte; . David Courts, Allo
way, N. J.; Laurence A. Kraehe,
Chapel Hill; Doug Lawson, Pink
Hill; Alex Nislick, S. Orange, N.
J.; and Ted Simpson, Laurinburg.
"Billy Budd" will be presented
by the Playmakers in connection,
with the campus-wide Fine Arts
Festival at U.N.C., being held
March 30 to April 5.
Tickets for the drama will go
on sale March 22.