Cbspal am, N. c.
Spring's here for a few days.
Won't be here for the March
23 elections? Then pick up ab
sentee ballots before Wednes
day at Student Government offices.
Founded Feb. 23. 1893
By the time the long caravan
of marchers had completed its
mile of protest Sunday after
noon in Raleigh and gathered
on the spacious hardwood floor
of Shaw College gymnasium to
stage what one of their leaders
called "a good old - fashioned
hand - claDPin'. foot - stnmnin'
civil rights rally," much of
me suent, pervading hate that
had poisoned the air in the two
previous hours began to re
tract into the cracks of the side
walks of the citv. "
The gym was dark when the
marcners arrived. It was just
after dusk. The protesters broke
the quiet, funeral - like gait
Al a Ci
mat naa characterized the march
to the Capitol Building. They
Degan to run and talk among
I hey were dressed in their
Sunday - School best, and they
araggea their hand - lettered
makeshift picket sighs behind
them in the gravel of the gym
The lights came on suddenly
as one of their leaders pulled
a switch, and the marchers who
waited outside on the long flight
of concrete steps jumped up and
entered the echo - filled cavern
A dark scoreboard and a Pep
si - Cola sign stood out on the
dirty green walls. The floor
was warped and scuffed with
black rubber marks. The room
smelled like a gymnasium
Yet under the harsh glare of
we Dngnc overnead lights and
amid , the ear - piercing din of a
badly tuned public address sys
tem, the ."hand clappin' and the
toot - stompin' " found a start
without apparent organiza-
uun ana wicnout odvious leader
In the movement and noise of
2,000 clapping black hands and
a score of white hands, the hate
was hardly noticeable. The de
termined and haunting words
of the chant 'We Shall Nat -Be
Moved," and the gusto with
which it rang against the hollow
room were only a mirrored evi
dence of the two waves of emo
tion that had clased the after
noon before in Raleigh and the
week before in Selma, Ala.
The sweat that beaded the
shining brows among the sing
ers was from exercise and not
But the hate was not forgotten
on either side.
Tattered copies of "The Fiery
Cross," the official publication
of the Ku Klux Klan blew along
the streets of the state capital
They were the only evidence
left of the lady and her two
children who sat in their car
along the marcher's path and
passed the literature to onlook
ers with the message "Take it
to heart, brothers." ,
Somewhere in the mass of
loud, sweating humanity in the
old gymnasium was the acne-
marked face of the blonde white
boy with earrings in his ears
who had heard the taunts of
members of his own race as he
entered the capital grounds
"Son - of - a - gun, Rasmus,"
someone had shouted, "there's
an albino one!" The white boy
just clinched his yellow teeth
and kept on walking.
Somewhere in Raleigh's resi
dential areas, the eight or 10
men who had described them
selves as "concerned white cit
izeni" were sitting down to sup
per. Their Confederate flags
and their "George Wallace for
President" signs were packed
away in the trunks of their cars
waiting for another opportunity
to take action in behalf of "free
dom." A scrap of Black Nationalist
literature poking from the
hinged top of a Raleigh rubbish
can showed a torn picture of
"master race" leader Malcom
X, and a sermon he had
preached. Someone had spit to
bacco juice on the ragged page
It didn't matter. Malcolm X
So was Rev. James Reeb of
Selma. So was Medgar Evers.
Sa were the children in Birming
ham and the rights workers in
When SCIC leader Wyatt T.
Walker said on the capitol
lawn that the Negro cause "is
so full of Love that, our enemies
gotta' "give us the right to vote,"
he had forgotten all . that stood
There was little love in Ra
leigh last Sunday. The eyes , of
the 1,500 who marched througn
Hhe city were wary, frightened,
watchful, sharp as switchblade
knives, and distrustful of every
body. There was no love only
hate. The kind of. hate that both
wins the battle and makes the
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MISS SANFOKD: That was the title won Saturday night by
UNC coed Penny Clark. The freshman dramatics major is
from Chapel Hill and Sanford. Photo by Jock Lauterer.
To Debate Friday
Presidential candidates Paul
Dickson and Don Carson will
face off in a public debate Fri
day night. The debate, scheduled
for Gerrard Hall, will be spon
sored by the Daily Tar Heel.
. Both candidates yesterday ac
cepted the offer, and each ex
pressed enthusiasm. The debate
will start at 7:30 p.m., and is
set to end at about 8:45.
"We are hopeful of attracting
a good crowd for the debate,"
Fred Seely, DTH co-editor, said
last night. "It will be the only
formal debate between the can
didates, and the - format will
confine it to issues alone."
Each candidate will be given
seven ' minutes "for :an opening
statement, and a five minute re
buttal period. -
- Then a panel of DTH staffers,
including co - editor Hugh Stev
ens, managing editor Mike Yopp
and student government report
er John Greenbacker, will quiz
After this, there will be a
short period of questions from
. "I am delighted to have ttiis
opportunity to debate my op
ponent," Carson said yesterday.
"I hope the campus will bene
fit from this debate, and the for
mat will relieve the candidates
from the informality of regular
residence hall meetings."
Dickson, the Student Party
candidate, charged that Carson
"is attempting to ride . Bob
Spearman's coattails into of
fice." "Thus far we have heard lit
tle of Carson's personal quali
fications and even less of his
proposals for the improvement
By MIKE YOFP and KERRY SIPE
RAKEIGII The marchers were quiet and for
the most part-so were the spectators who lined
Fayetteville Street to watch 1,500 Negroes and
whites file past, two by two. . , ,
It was quiet here, and there was a battle, it
was a battle of signs.
"Up With Justice, Down With Wallace," read
one carried by a Negro marcher. "Send Wallace
Back To Africa," read another which bobbed
along in the heavy hands of a large Negro.
But there were signs expressing different
sentiments. "America Wake Up, The Great So
ciety, Ha, Ha, Ha," -read one held between an
American and ,a Confederate flag. "Long Live
Wallace," was printed on one -,vV bearer held
only the insignia of the Confederacy. "Both signs,
were printed on the' backs of old "I. Beverly
Lake for Governor" posters.
There were a few jibes from the crowd
"Alabama is the only real southern state left,"
and "Just look at those 'niggers'." but no inci
dents were reported.
The long line of marchers left its rally point
at Shaw University Sunday afternoon for a
silent walk to the Capitol Building.
They held a service on the Capitol steps to
mourn the death of Unitarian Rev. James Reeb,
who was killed last week by a band of angry
white men in Selma, Ala.
Spokesmen for the group called for federal
intervention in Selma and turned some atten
tion toward the racial situation in North Caro
lina. National CORE secretary Floyd McKissick
of Durham told , the crowd that his group will
concentrate efforts now on the State Highway
Commission and the Department of Motor Ve
of the University Community,"
he added." Bob Spearman and
Mike Chanin will not be here
next year and the president. . .
will have to rely on his own
resources and experience to get
the job done.
"I feel that I have the neces
sary qualifications and experi
ence to best fill this office, and
I am very happy to accept the
DTH's offer to debate my op:
Seely said the debate was
planned "to get a. better atmos
"Too often the Residence. Hall
meetings are dominated by par
ty hacks trying to snipe at the
opposition," he said. "This sort
of thing certainly has its place
in any campaign, but we feel
there has been too much of it
"We will take every step pos
sible to make it a fair debate in
which each side has an equal
opportunity, and I would urge
everyone to attend this."
Viet Nam Debate
"Should the United States
Withdraw All Its Troops and
Support from South Viet Nam"
will be the topic for debate at
the Di - Phi Senate meeting at
7:30 tonight in New West.
Military experts from the
Special Forces at Fort Bragg
and the local ROTC units wit
be present to debate the issue
before the Senate, as well as
representatives from the depart
ments of political science and
HILL. NORTH CAROLINA,
SELMA, Ala. (AP) Hun
dreds of religious and political
leaders from throughout the na
tion joined Negroes here Mon
day to eulogize a slain Boston
minister following still another
thwarted street march.
White ministers, nuns and
priests led ranks of about 500
marchers five abreast in an at
tempt to reach the county court
house for a memorial service
for the minister. They were
blocked by state and county po
Later, Mayor Joseph T.
Smitherman announced that
U. S. Dist. -Judge Daniel H.
Thomas of Mobile had ordered
city and county officials to al
low a march to the courthouse
and a brief service there. The
judge talked by telephone with
the mayor and other officials.
But there was no new march
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.,
ATho started a massive Negro
voter drive here eight weeks
ago, planned to deliver the eul
ogy for Reeb at old Browns
Chapel A.M.E. Church.
In Montgomery the Justice De
partment said three out of four
Negroes who applied for voter
legistration in the first two
months of the civil rights cam
paign at Selma were turned
By contrast, a detailed statis
tical study of registration in
several counties in Alabama's
soil - rich black belt disclosed
that two out of three prospective
white voters whose applications
were processed by the board of
registrars at fceima were ac
cepted in the same two months.
The survey was put into the
record at a federal court hear
ing which will determine wheth
er Negroes demanding equal
voting rights will be allowed
to march from Selma to Mont
gomery, 50 miles away, to dra
matize their protest. ,
i Since the right - to - vote
drive, led by Dr. Martin Luther
King Jr., began in January, the
government survey showed 207
Negroes were interviewed by
the Dallas County Registration
Board in the two - month period
which ended Feb. 28. Of these,
48 were registered to vote; the
remaimng 159 were turned down
At the same time, 5S white ap
plicants were approved and only
29 were rejected.
The study did not show why
the Negroes failed. A tough lit
eracy test subsequently banned
by a federal court order was
used, however for most of the
two - month period as a means
.of determining qualifications of
U. S. Dist. Judge Daniel H
Thomas in Mobile outlawed the
literacy questionnaire on Feb
4,' and the board was in session
only once between that time and
the end of the two - month per
iod covered by the government
Civil Rights March In Raleigh
Battle Was Ainoiig The
hicles. He said negotiations for more Negro em
ployes are now underway. "But if they break
down, you must be prepared to march," he
roared, to loud applause from the crowd.
Automobile horns beeped as Wyatt T. Walker
of Atlanta, an aide to Dr. Martin Luther King,
addressed the crowd. They failed to drown out
his loud voice as he said: "We need federal
troops in Selma. We need them in Selma more
than we need them in Saigon." Other rights
leaders spoke and United Church of Raleigh
minister Collin Kilburn said benediction.
The marchers left the Capitol for the walk
back to Shaw for what one leader called "a
foot-stomping, hand-clapping" civil rights rally.
They left a white wreath "In memory of
those who have" died for freedom," in front of
the statue to North Carolina presidents on the
Capitol grounds. .
The white hecklers had gone when the group
reformed for the march" back to Shaw. But some
of the pamphlets and newspapers circulated by
members Of the Ku Klux Klan still littered the
The Klan newspaper, "The Fiery Cross," told
the ''Real Selma Story" along with a list of Ne
gro leaders who are , "proved communists."
Children were circulating the newspapers
from cars. "Take this to heart," said a woman
accompanying her child.
And the men who carried the anti-march
signs wouldn't talk much. "We have no com
ment for the press," said one. "We are just
concerned citizens exercising our right to dem
onstrate." So the marchers returned to the starting
point in the chilly Raleigh night with many UNC
students in the ranks.
TUESDAY, MARCH lfi 1965
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SILENT SAM after a trip to the circus? Nope. The balloon was
put there by Graham Memorial workers. Helium-filled bal
loons advertising the Wednesday night appearance of. The
Outer Fringe, English satire group, were tied at various spots
around campus. One was marked "Prize," and lucky finder
Melvin L. Watt received two free tickets to the performance.
Photo by Jock Lauterer
BTH's Kite Contest
Mickey Blackwell, former
DTH staff member and popular
disc jockey for WKIX in Ra
leigh, will act as master of
ceremonies for the second an
nual DTH Kite Contest Satur
day. "Sure, I'll be glad to string
along," Blackwell said in ac
cepting his invitation. "People
are always telling me to go fly
Blackwell is a native of Gas
tonia, where he became a radio
personality while still in high
school. He graduated from the
School of Journalism in Janu
ary and is employed, by the
Durham Morning Herald in ad
Saturday's contest, which will
begin at 1:30, will be held on
the site of the new baseball sta
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dium adjacent to Ehringhaus.
Kays Gary, popular column
ist of the Charlotte Observer,
and Mrs. Paul Sharp, wife of the
UNC chancellor, have accept
ed invitations to assist in the
judging. The third judge will be
Prizes , donated by ' Chapel
Hill merchants will ba given
for five divisions of kites: pret
tiest, largest, smallest, most
unusual and highest - flying.
All kites' must be homemade,
and all must fly in order to
win. Contestants in each divi
sion will be given 30 minutes
to get their kites aloft.
The DTH Kite Queen, who will
act as hostess for the contest,
will be announced Wednesday,
Anyone in the Chapel Hill
area may enter the contest.
There is no entry fee.
Marchers In Front Of Capitol
Vacation Is Set
April 10 To 20
By FRED THOMAS
DTH Staff Writer
UNC's spring vacation calendar has been extended.
After a final conference with the Calendar Committee
yesterday, Chancellor Paul
ining the number of teaching days in this semester it is
clear that the University can provide a more attractive
vacation schedule for the students.
"Accordingly the vacation period will begin at noon,
Saturday, April 10 and end at 8 o'clock, Tuesday morn-
Carolina Forum co-chairman
Bill Schwartz said yesterday
the visit of Moral Re-Armament
task force has been rescheduled
at 8 p.m. Thursday in Memorial
MRA is an international or
ganization with U. S. headquar
ters in Los Angeles and New
York whose goal is to create a
new set of moral values and to
create a "social conscience."
The group is non - political noon April 15 and cnd Afrn 2.
and non - religious. Concerned legislators intro-
Medal Winner 1 duced a bill into Student Legis-
Heading the task force will lature calling for an investiga
te Richard Wailes, winner ofl011 oj possioility of having
three Olympic -Gold Medals fortlie schedule crianged
rowing. ; , . k Make Studv
wailes descriDes mka as "an
idea which will equip mankind
to live in the nuclear age."
At the request of the United
States Olympic . Committee,
Wailes wrote the official aims
and goals for the 1964 Ameri
can team and went to Tokyo as
part of the administration.
He was a director of the Mor
al Re - Armament Conference
for Tomorrow's America at Mac
kinac Island, Michigan last
Other members of the task
force are the three Colwell
Brothers, Emiko Chiba, Char
lotte Daneel, Susan Cornell,
and David Sierra.
The Colwells, Steve, Paul
and Ralph, have just complet
ed a 174,000 - mile trip taking
them to 37 countries on six con
tinents. Their repertoire in
cludes 300 original songs in 43
Photo by Jock Lauterer
Volume 72. Number 111
F. Sharp said: "Upon exam
I mg, April zu.
"This will enable our stu
dents to leave earlier, but it
must be observed they are to re
turn a day earlier."
It was pointed out, however,
that several deans asked for an
option on this new schedule for
their respective schools.
"It is only fair that where a
change would disrupt the work
of a unit of the University, such
as a professional school, that
unit will have the option of re
taining the original schedule,"
"In such an instance, it will
be the duty of the dean to in
form the students of the school
that the original schedule pre
vails." The original calendar called
f rr snrinu vrnratinn in hnfin at
Faryl Sims and Lanny Shuff,
members of the Campus Af
fairs Committee were appointed
to make the study.
Their investigation revealed
that the University is required
by the state to hold 45 Monday,
Wednesday, Friday and 45 Tues
day, Thursday, Saturday class
The schedule for the spring
semester, drawn up by the Cal
endar Committee in 1957, pro
vides for 47 Monday, Wednes
day, Friday and 46 Tuesday,
Thursday, Saturday meetings.
Shuff and Miss Sims also
bund that the vacation schedule
for UNC-G, which operates un
der the same regulations as the
University here, calls for a 10-
They submitted their findings
to Dean of the Faculty James
L. Godfrey, requesting that
spring vacation dates be
changed from April 15 to 21 to
April 10 to 20.
Godfrey, in turn, sent a memo
to the deans of the respective
schools within the university, in
viting their consideration.
In explaining how the unprec
edentedly short spring break
was scheduled, Dean of Student
Affairs C. O. Cathey pointed out
that UNC commencement is al
ways held the first Monday ir
This year, the first Monday
falls on June 7, the latest pos
sible date for UNC commence
ment. This stretches the year out
and allows more time witliin
the year for vacations.
"The Calendar Committee ob
viously Jailed to realize this
when they drew up the schedule
in 1S57," Cathey said.
After his statement concern
ing the change in schedule
Sharp said, "I would like to ex
press to our students the caution
that they be careful in going
and returning and the hope that
the vacation be a mobt pleas
ant interval." -
Norwood Pratt, candidate for
editor of the Daily Tar Heel,
will have his name on the
spring election ballot.
Pratt, denied endorsement by
the Publications Board, present
ed the board with a petition
signed by at least 145 students.
He will oppose DTH manag
ing editor Ernie McCrary for the