North Carolina Newspapers

Academic Freedom
Question Haunts
Study Commission
Tar Heel Staff Writer
"The speaker ban law has
very little to do with subver
sion and nothing to do with
communism of a significant
sort. Any professional Commu
nist who could not wriggle
through this net would be
sacked for incompetence by
his superiors. It does serve the
purpose of making certain doc
trines . . . more attractive
than they would otherwise be,
and in this way is a positive
aid to professional . . . leftist
causes ..."
So did Dr. Douglas M.
Knight, president of Duke, sum
up North Carolina's gag meas
ure in his .speech at UNC's
commencement this spring, .
However, Knight did state
strongly that the speaker ban
has everything to do with aca
demic freedom.
A Tar Heel
Special Report
What is academic freedom '..
anyway? Who should have fin
al control over the activities of
a state university? Where does
freedom end and license be
gin? Where does vigilance
cease and supposition of rights
take over?
For two years newspapers,
forensic teams, women's clubs,
and student governments have
made up for the lick-and-a-promise
debate given t h e
measure by the General As
sembly in the closing hours of
a heat-weary legislature. .
In response to the rising vol
ume of protests, a commission
was appointed to study the gag
And the question of "What
is academic freedom any
way?" will at least hover in
the backs of their minds, for it
is on this issue that opponents
of the law have founded their
arguments for repeal.
Dr. Frank P. Graham in his
1931 Armistice Day address
defined it as "The right to.
lawful assembly and free dis
cussions by students of any
issues and views whatsoever
In 1963, before passage of I
the gag law, UNC's board of
trustees issued this statement:'
'It is every professor's re
sponsibility to discover, speak
and teach the truth however
... unpopular this may be
to others."
Time magazine in its May
10, 1963, issue qualified facul
ty freedom with: "Academic
ID Cards Available
National Student Association
identification cards are now
available from the Student
Government affices on the sec
ond floor of GM.
The cards, useful for stu
dents traveling in Europe, pro
viding discounts on lodging,
food, and entertainment, may
be obtained any afternoon from
2 to 5 for a fee of $2. Students
applying for the cards should
also bring a small photograph
of themselves.
freedom cannot properly be
employed to license odd - ball
behavior or give special sanc
tion to a teacher's statements
when made off campus or out
side his field. It does not ex
empt professors from criti
cism." Commenting specifically on
the problem of communism
being preached on college
campuses, Time said that curb
ing a Communist's freedom of
speech "is an actual violation
of his rights, whereas he mere
ly talks about curbing others'
Maintaining that a violation
of academic freedom poses a
violation of freedom of speech,
University officials regard the
ban as unconstitutional.
"We do not believe t h a tspe
es have created any serious
danger to the state or its
youth," said theUNC faculty
in a unanimously - adopted
"The statute reflects a fear
regarding the strength of our
democratic institutions which
Ave do not share." -. :
Freedom of discussion on
the campus has made few if
any converts to communism
. . . Faith in American insti
tutions can be engendered and
preserved far more effective
ly by meeting our challengers
openly than by attempting to
put legislative stoppers in
youthful ears."
Student Body President Paul
Dickson said "No government
has the right to censor ideas
and philosophies. I think that
we as a student body should
settle for nothing less than re
peal. We have shown our will
ingness to compromise in the
past by supporting various
amendments to the law, but
the time for compromise is
gone now."
"Trustees, faculty and ad
ministrative officers," said
Knight, "are the men in charge
of guaranteeing responsible
academic freedom in univer
sities and should therefore de
termine who speaks in univer
sity facilities."
Exam Schedule
Doomsday Nears
The day of reckoning is close at hand. Twice dur
ing each summer school the terror of final examina
tions descends on students, and strikes fear into the
hearts of even the most sturdy members of the under
graduate community.
. Here's the bad news:
Friday, July 16
10:30 8 to 10 a.m.
2:00 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.
7:30 3 to 5 p.m.
Saturday, July) 17
9:00 '. 8 to 10 a.m.
12:00 : L 11 a.m. to 1 p'.m.
P.Rl's and other not otherw,ise.pQvidedion 3 to.5 pnv
Today In GI
SATURDAY, NIGHT WRESTLING?: No, it's just a friendly
pillow fight between William and Martha Nell Hardy as they'
rehearse for tonight's opening of Noel Coward's "Private Lives."
The1 Playmaker production will begin at 8 p.m. in Graham
Memorial lounge.
Morgan Asks N. C. Schools
To Conform With Tradition
Board3 of - state supported
institutions of higher educa
tion must carry out "policies
in conformity with American
traditions" in order to modify
the controversial speaker ban
law, State Sen. Robert B. Mor
gan told an American Legion
audience in Dunn Sunday.
Morgan, president pro tern
of the Senate and chairman of
the board of East Carolina
College, commended the Le
gion for "everlasting opposi
tion to communism in what
ever form it may appear."
He said, "Your opposition to
appearances of Communist
leaders in our colleges- and
schools has helped . alert the
people to this ever - present
Morgan spoke at installation
ceremonies for State Com
mander J. Alvis Carver of
Dunn and other officials of the
N. C. Department of the Amer
ican Legion.
"I think that most of our
college boards do a fine job
but I must recognize that the
pelple have rightly in many
instances lost confidence in
these boards to clean their own
house," Morgan said.
"These boards must demon
strate first a full understand
ing of their responsibilities by
laying, down policy and car
rying out these policies in con
formity with American tradi
tions. Only then can they be
expected or be entitled to the
return of authority."
The senator . blamed the
speaker ban law on the failure
of institutional boards to
"clean their own houses" and
added: "We must not lose sight
of the fact that the Legislature
is the major link between the
citizens and these schools."
Gag Study
The commission appointed to
study effects of the speaker
ban law on state - supported
schools will hold its first meet
ing next week.
Commission chairman Rep.
David Britt of Robeson said
that the study panel will meet
at 10 a.m. Wednesday in the
Legislative Building in Ra
leigh:"" ""'
4-Day Run
The scenery is painted, the
lines are rehearsed and the
Carolina Playmaers are
ready to open "Private Lives"
tonight in the Graham Memor
ial lounge.
The Noel Coward comedy
will begin a four-day run with
all performances scheduled at
8 p.m. Admission is free.
Coward's play which one
critic called "a kind of upper
class Punch-and-Judy number,
full of genteel slapstick" cen
ters around an English cou
ple who have been divorced
for five years.
The couple meets again
when they are on their honey
moons with new mates. They
fall hopelessly in love and run
off together to Paris. The play
is the story of their flight from
their new mates, their furni
ture - smashing arguments,
their romps on the sofa and
their bliss.
Martha Nell Hardy, a vete
ran Playmaker, will appear in
the role of Amanda,, the tem
peramental wife, which was
originated by Gertrude Lawr
ence, and later played by Tal
lulah Bankhead in a Broad
way revival.
Mrs. Hardy was last seen as
the grotesque Madame Rose
pettle in last semester's Play
maker production of "Oh Dad,
Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You
in the Closet and I'm Feeling
So Sad."
Playing opposite her in the
role of Elyot is her husband
William M. Hardy, an associ
ate professor in the Depart
ment of Radio, Television and
Motion Pictures.
Both of the Hardys have ap
peared in numerous Playmak
er productions. For the last
two summers, the Hardys have
acted at Tanglewood Barn The
ater in Winston - Salem.
Phyllis Rice of Quaker Hill,
Conn., and Alan Pickrell of
Emory, Va., will be seen as
the poor unfortunates who find
themselves without their re
spective mates on the first
night of their honeymoon.
Miss Rice, a student at
George Washington University,
will be seen as the designedly
(Continued on Page 3)
Nine North Carolina Vol- f
unteers are working on the p
Chapel Hill project. How i
do they feel about their if
jobs? See page 7. I
Former DTH editor i
Hugh Stevens refutes ff
charges against the Uni- p
versity made by Sen. Rob- g
ert Morgan. See page 5. p
Another view of the It
speaker ban controversy,
this one from a Virginia fl
newsman, appears on Page
... I- k

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