title Library Socials D3pt. Box 870 Chapal Hill, TI. 27514 76 Years of Editorial Freedom Volume 75. Number 150 CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA,. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24, 1968 Founded February 23, 1833 GHOIC 1 life Mm ftp) E 968 Seeks n 0 L C - t - . .J k.' . ; i i. 0 u .- By PAMELA HAWKINS of The Dally Tar Heel Staff North Carolina deserves better than -what the other (gubernatorial) candidates have given in this campaign," Dr. Reginald A. Hawkins said at the opening of his campaign headquarters here Tuesday. "I think I would have been a farce in this time of issues if I came before the people saying vote for me because I'm black," Hawkins said. More than 100 people gathered at the 413 East Rosemary St. office and spilled out on to the sidewalk eating cookies and drinking punch while they waited for Hawkins at noon. Hawkins' small caravan of cars pulled up amidst cheers and 'after shaking as many hands as he could reach, spoke briefly. "I don't think any of us are proud of the present status of North Carolina. I'm in terested in the welfare of the people" he said. I President Assigns 2 New Positions By MARY BURCH The new appointees will re- of The Daily Tar Heel staff main in office until the new Student Body President Bob . it ? - Travis announced the resigna tions of Attorney General Ran dy Myer and Assistant to the Attorney General for Women Laura Owens and announced the new appointments to the offices. Dan Stallings was appointed to fill the Attorney General office and Susan Patterson will assume the duties of Assistant to the Attorney General for Women Travis announced. Friday Boycott Will Not Effect Class Schedule Chancellor J. Carlyle Sit terson said Tuesday the ad ministration has "no plans to suspend classes" in response to the student boycott of classes planned Friday in pro test of the war. He said he feels those who wish to attend classes should be allowed to do so. The Chancellor added "we are not an institution that has rigid class attendance anyway." tj t iu Sitterson saia ne ircia tue protest will be a demonstration of "an intellectual community examining matters of national concern." . . . A protest displaying "digni ty thought and serious con sideration of the issues can have aconstructive affect", he said. A Crowd of About 200 People listened ... as Dr. Reginald Hawkins opened his headquarters in Chapel Hill yesterday For UNC-MawMns "I'm not just interested in UNC being the best southern university, I'm interested in it becomin the best in the United States.'' "If there is any legacy that I can leave you I leave you the legacy that I have the guts to get out and try," Hawkins said. . ..A morning newspaper made public Tuesday the Ku Klux Klan endorsement of "conservative" candidates Mel Broughton and James Gardner. Hawkins said he had been anticipatin the move for some time. "I don't think it will have any conseuence in said. Dr. Hawkins' campaign has been suffering, however from lack of funds. "There has been quite a lot of involvement shown the people give nickles dimes and dollars, but we are having a hard time even buying campaign but tons." "We are getting our greatest support response from the low income white man" Hawkins said. student body president takes eel l ;j mi- j a office, he said. The president will then fill the offices at his discretion. Myer and Owens resigned their respective posts "due to the postponement of Student Government elections and con sequently the unusual lateness in the appointments to the of fice," Travis said. "Both are graduating .this June and they need the time to acquaint new officers with the duties of the offices." Miss Owens said in her resignation that she feels "it is mandatory for the next At torney General to assume of fice as soon as possilbe before the onslaught of cases which arise around the period of final exams." Travis pointed out that the attorney general cases nearly triple around exams. "I have the highest praise for the work of Miss Ownes and respect the way in which she carried out her responsibilities," Travis said. "Mr. Myer has made many contributions to student government as president of the IFC and as Attorney General. I appreciate the efforts of both students. "The whole foundation of student self-government rests upon the successful nnpratinn of these two offices," he con- tinued "The duties of these offices are a heavy burden for any student. I have been fortunate to have the support and talents of Randy Myer, . Laura Owens and Dave LeBar re, who served before Myer. I wish to pay tribute to them." r v "People have said that the Blacks and the low income whites can't get together, but this isn't going to last much loner." . In the eastern states Hawkins; said 80 to 90 per cent of the new registrants were black. "This has come out of enthusiasm. These are people who have never registered." . - -'. . Hawkins' platform includes a tax on tobacco and liquor by the drink, which he feels provide additional monies for education. "This is going to have to come as a matter of survivial for the state." He said that the tobacco tax should fall heaviest on the in dustry. "If the money that was used to pay for the Na tional Guard during recent disturbances had been used in the field of education it would have been a reat boon for Farris Backs SP Mead Resigns By RICK GRAY of The Daily Tar Heel Staff Student Party Chairman Bob Farris Tuesday resigned his position and endorsed Ken Day, University Party presidental candidate. In a letter to the editor on today's editorial page of the Daily Tar Heel Farris says, "As of today (Tuesday) I hereby resign my position as chairman of the Student Party. These are simple words over which I have pondered many hours. Only the fear that they might further divide our party and lead to defeat for many able candidates has held me back thus far. "I now ask all students and friends of the University to do as. . .candidate (Jed Dietz) once asked in a Party Con vention: put aside your party labels, loyalties and prejudices and elect the man who will further the best interests of this University Our Universi ty. That man is Ken Day." Farris was JarjMta tha tewa ffertfle cTO vention in answer to a question posed by Arthur Hays. Hays asked each of the two can didates for the nomination Dietz and George Krichbaum if they were defeated would they support the candidate nominated. . Dietz said that he considered principles to be more im portant than party lines. In response to the an nouncement by Farris, Ken Day said: "I'm both humbled and heartened by Farris' state ment.. . "I am glad to see that cam pus leaders are truly willing to cast aside party labels for the betterment of their University. I feel that Bob's statement is representative of a much wider tide of opinion and that this tide is swelling every day. . . "I shall do my best to insure higher learning. He said that payment for education should be scaled by ability to pay. thus providing everyone with the chance tor an education. As far as his opponents Robert Scott and Broughton are concerned, Hawkins said that the difference between their, stands was a TweedJe-Dee Tweedle-Dum tuation". "Gardner" he said, "delivei : me from that. He hasn't had an original idea in this cam paign." Hawkins said that he had a lot of unexpected &things going in his favor, but he would not elaborate. He ad mitted when asked, however that one of the trumps was the speculation that Gardner supporters "will vote for me because they think I'll be easier to beat." Day that the trust Bob Farris and others like him have placed m me will toe mented and that we can at last join together to bring a new day to this University. . ." "I .think it (the statement) shows that people on this cam pus," said University Party Chairman Mike Zimmerman, "feel that politics need not be petty and that issues are im portant." V V -v V - Fiddlers Cfej ib -itn. uraeiit By MARY BURCH of The Daily Tar Heel Staff JUSC students wSl vote today in Choice 68 along with 1436 schools across the nation to indicate their choice for Presi dent, what course of military action the U.S. should pursue in Vietnam and what should receive the highest priority in government spending in con fronting the urban crisis. - There are 13 candidates on the ballot raning from Fred Halstead a Socialist Worker candidate to George Wallace an American Independent can didate with space for a write in. v In addition there are three questions on the ballot: What course of military action should the U.S. pursue in Vietnamu What course of action should the U.S. pursue in regards to the bombing of North Vietnam? In confronting the "urban crisis" what should receive the highest priority in government spending? The three major candidates McCarthy, Nixon, and Ken nedy voiced their opinions on the three questions for Choice 68. i Kennedy: The Vietnam War and the bombing of the North "At the time that this is written the President has taken certain steps including the cessation of bombing in part of North Vietnam in an , effort to begin peace negotia tions with the North. Hanoi has indicated an interest. We can hope but we cannot be certain what the turn of events will take. If negotiations can i be started we should be prepared to offer , a realistic - program towards peace in Vietnam. In the meantime we should de-escalate our military efforts in South Vietnam aai concentrate on protecting populated areas so as to reduce immediately the devastation and killing. We should also insist that the South Vietnamese eliminate corruption, institute major social reiorm and assume a great . responsibility in the military effort in te South. The move was probably not unexpected by the Dietz sup- porters, although the Student Party offices did not com ment on it. When Dietz went up against Krichbaum for the SP nomina tion, . most of the party regulars supported Krichbaum, not Dietz, and several other members of the party hierarchy have shifted their support to Day and the UP. n Mike Seeger accompanies Babe Stovall at the 44th Old Time Fiddlers Convention in Union Grove, N. C Easter weekend. Fourteen thousand spectators, including students, hippies, beardos and motor cycle gangs showed up to hear the 80 country, western and bluegrass bands. See page 5 for more pictures. In a diplomatic area our programs should include an offer to insure the National Liberation Front a genuine place in the political life of South Vietnam. Without this the success of the negotiations is doubtful. In cariy 1965 when there were fewer than 4 0 0 0f American troops in Vietnam I said that if we pursued a military poiicy in Vietnam we were headed straight for disaster. Events have proen the truth of this. Hundreds of thousands of lives have been 1st in vain. I can only hope , that we and our adversaries 1 can now find it within ourselves to make the mutual concessions that can bring an end to this terrible war." McCarthy: The Vietnam War and the bombing of the North "I believe that the only solu tion for die Vietnam crisis is o reverse the process of military and political escala tion in which we . have been engaged for almost five years. Once the administration determines to come to grips with the political realities in Vietnam and seeks negotia tions meaningfully these specific steps of military de escalation should be followed: We must immediately halt all bombing in North Viet nam. We must halt the escala tion of the ground war and freeze troop strength in South Vietnam. We must begin a gradual disengagement in South Viet nam and commit ourselves to a cease fire on a trial basis in some areas while continuing to press for negotiations. We must insist that the South Vietnamese take on responsibilities. We must urge the govern ment of South Vietnam to broaden its political base by bringing into the government some of the civilian opposition elements which were denied a role in the government despite the results on the 1967 election. We must press the Saigon government to enter into negotiations with the National Liberation Front as a political force. Nixon: The Vietnam War and the bombing of the North The war is one of aggression irom the North a separate state and he discounts those critics who see the struggle in terms of internal civil war. Nixon's scenario thus invites the characterization of the North as "agrgressors" and the South as "invaded ter ritory." The United States is therefore obligated to "main tain a sufficient level of military activity to convince the enemy first that he cannot win the war, and second that J o J DTH Staff Photo by STEVE ADAMS ? for him to continue pursuing a military victory is not worth the cost." Nixon felt that only when the communists realize that their fight is hopeless should our military effort slacken. On no account Nixon con tinued, should our strategy of bombing the North be aban doned or temporarily halied because of rumors, peace feelers or hysteria on the home front. On the contrary the conditions for cessation of bombing should be rigid and subject only to the halt of hostilities by the North. "If support for the aggression in the South diminishes then the bombing can diminish. U the North ceases to fuel the war in the South, then the bombing can cease." Nixon refused to accept anything short of a conventional military "victory" in Vietnam as a negotiated settlement involving concessions to the North ap pears to be unacceptable to him. He did not, however feel that those who are clamoring monism lis FotB)ned. By TODD COHEN of The Daily Tar Heel Staff An open housing housing bill failed passage 3-2 Monday by the Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen but will receive a second consideration May 13, according to Robert Peck Town Manager. Peck said the proposed ordinance was unable to get the necessary two-thirds ma jority due to a wish on the part of the Aldermen for further time to consider the bill. He said the six member board is generally agreed upon the necessity of such a bill. The proposal asks that "no owner of real property shall discriminate against any other person because of the religion race, color or national origin. . .in regard to the sale or rental of . . .property located withing the Town of Chapel HilL" Any such discrimination shall be considered "an unlawful housing practice" the bill states. The bill also says that owners would not be required to offer property to the public at large before selling or ren ting it. The ordinance would not pro hibit owners from giving preference t o prospective tenants or guyers for "any reason other than religion, race color or national origin." Pending passage of the ordinance any violation would constitute a misdemeanor, punishable upon conviction by a fine not exceednig $50 or imprisonment not exceeding 30 days. Consideration of the bill by the Board followed the passage April 10 by Congress of the Open Housing Bill outlawing crimination in America's housing. Chapel Hill Mayor Sandy McClamroch said the need for a town ordinance was not as great as it was before the congressional bill was pass ed. He said he had instructed the town manager and at torney to draw up an open housing ordinance after he was presented with a petition at the Board of Aldermen April 10. "I don't know if the town will want to make an ordinance now that the federal bill has been passed," the mayor said prior to presen tation of the ordinance to the Board. He explained that "en forcement is the key" in the congressional law. He thinks "it will be hardest to get that down in an ordinance." day for the utilization of nuclear weapons should be catered to. "I do not foresee" he stated emphatically "any need for ths use of either tactical or strategic atomic weapons, and I think their employment would be a dangerous mistake." Bruce Jolly, chairman of the Current An airs committee which is sponsoring the elec tion, commended students for the part they have in political affairs. "It is ?rnarnff the amount of power the students have over the nation and on UNC campus" he said. "The stu dent groups this year are pro bably the most vitally in terested groups ever assembl ed. All vi me candidates have active leaders here and on other campuses. The power of the student to influence politics is felt now more than in any previous time." Voting will take place in the dorms and at Y Court as in the student body elec tions. All students are ured to vote. Bill The proposal states the reason for its presentation is "to preserve and promote the interest, rights, and privileges of individuals within the town." North Carolina Lt. Governor Robert Scott said Monday he is philosophically opposed to open housing laws and believes that a property owner should have a right to sell, buy or rent to the person of his choice. He added, however, he would not interfere with the actions of any local government on such issues. Maddox To Speak Tonight Georgia Governor Lester Maddox will speak on campus tonight at 8:00 in Carroll Hall. Topic for Maddox's talk will be "The South in 1963." The speech will include the subject of the role of the Democratic Party in the South and the current national political scene and its significance for the South. Maddox gained the governorship of Georgia in 1386 mostly on the basis of his stand against the in tergration of his Atlanta restaurent. He closed the establishment rather than serve Negroes. The Georgia governor is outspoken on the issues of states' rights, civil rights and federal economic aid. He is aainst welfare payments. He win arrive at the Raleigh Durham airport tfrte afternoon at 6:15 in the governor's plane and will have dinner with several dignitaries and of ficials of the Young Democratic Club which is sponsoring the appearance. "In continuing our past tradition," said Noel Dunivant president of the YDC, "the YDC is honored to have governor Maddox address the campus. 4We feel that this ap pearance provided the students on this campus with an ex cellent opportunity to see and hear the famous governor of whom the news media often presents a distorted picture," he added.